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Complicated grief

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320560/complicated-grief-knowledge-attitudes-skills-and-training-of-mental-health-professionals-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Anne Dodd, Suzanne Guerin, Susan Delaney, Philip Dodd
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and qualitative synthesis was undertaken to deduce the knowledge, attitudes, skills and training of mental health professionals regarding complicated grief (CG). METHODS: PsychInfo, Embase, Medline, CINAHL, PBSC, Web of Science and ERIC databases were used to identify relevant literature. Searches were executed from inception to September 2014. RESULTS: The electronic search yielded 305 results. Forty-one papers were selected for full text review, 20 were included for analysis...
March 6, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271588/pre-loss-grief-in-family-caregivers-during-end-of-life-cancer-care-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#2
Mette Kjaergaard Nielsen, Mette Asbjoern Neergaard, Anders Bonde Jensen, Peter Vedsted, Flemming Bro, Mai-Britt Guldin
OBJECTIVE: Severe grief symptoms in family caregivers during end-of-life cancer trajectories are associated with complicated grief and depression after the loss. Nevertheless, severe grief symptoms during end-of-life caregiving in caregivers to cancer patients have been scarcely studied. We aimed to explore associations between severe pre-loss grief symptoms in caregivers and modifiable factors such as depressive symptoms, caregiver burden, preparedness for death and end-of-life communication...
March 7, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270127/-life-at-the-river-is-a-living-hell-a-qualitative-study-of-trauma-mental-health-substance-use-and-hiv-risk-behavior-among-female-fish-traders-from-the-kafue-flatlands-in-zambia
#3
Lynn T Murphy Michalopoulos, Stefani N Baca-Atlas, Simona J Simona, Tina Jiwatram-Negrón, Alexander Ncube, Melanie B Chery
BACKGROUND: In Western settings, the relationship between trauma history, posttraumatic stress disorder, substance use, and HIV risk behavior, is well established. Although female fish traders in Zambia are affected by HIV at rates estimated to be 4-14 times higher than the national prevalence, no studies have examined the co-occurring issues of trauma, substance use and HIV risk behavior among this vulnerable population. The current study examined: 1) trauma history, trauma symptoms and HIV risk behaviors and 2) the relationship between these co-occurring issues among female fish traders from the Kafue Flatlands in Zambia...
March 7, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267034/effectiveness-of-psychosocial-interventions-in-reducing-grief-experienced-by-family-carers-of-people-with-dementia-a-systematic-review
#4
Sally Wilson, Christine Toye, Samar Aoun, Susan Slatyer, Wendy Moyle, Elizabeth Beattie
BACKGROUND: Family carers of people living and dying with dementia experience grief. The prevalence, predictors and associated factors of grief in this population have been identified, and psychosocial interventions to decrease grief symptoms have been implemented. However, the effect of psychosocial interventions on family carers' grief, loss or bereavement has not been examined. OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the existing evidence regarding the impact of psychosocial interventions to assist adjustment to grief, pre- and post-bereavement, for family carers of people with dementia...
March 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265891/a-descriptive-study-of-a-spirituality-curriculum-for-general-psychiatry-residents
#5
Thomas F McGovern, Terry McMahon, Jessica Nelson, Regina Bundoc-Baronia, Chuck Giles, Vanessa Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: The study collected data on the attitudes of residents toward religion and spirituality in their practice after taking part in a 3-year curriculum on spirituality during their residency. METHODS: This is a descriptive, single-site study with psychiatry residents as subjects. A questionnaire was given to the residents at the end of their third year of residency (N = 12). RESULTS: The responses heavily endorsed the religiousness/spirituality curriculum to be helpful and meaningful...
March 6, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197680/effect-of-a-condolence-letter-on-grief-symptoms-among-relatives-of-patients-who-died-in-the-icu-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Nancy Kentish-Barnes, Sylvie Chevret, Benoît Champigneulle, Marina Thirion, Virginie Souppart, Marion Gilbert, Olivier Lesieur, Anne Renault, Maïté Garrouste-Orgeas, Laurent Argaud, Marion Venot, Alexandre Demoule, Olivier Guisset, Isabelle Vinatier, Gilles Troché, Julien Massot, Samir Jaber, Caroline Bornstain, Véronique Gaday, René Robert, Jean-Philippe Rigaud, Raphaël Cinotti, Mélanie Adda, François Thomas, Laure Calvet, Marion Galon, Zoé Cohen-Solal, Alain Cariou, Elie Azoulay
PURPOSE: Family members of patients who die in the intensive care unit (ICU) may experience symptoms of stress, anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and/or prolonged grief. We evaluated whether grief symptoms were alleviated if the physician and the nurse in charge at the time of death sent the closest relative a handwritten condolence letter. METHODS: Multicenter randomized trial conducted among 242 relatives of patients who died at 22 ICUs in France between December 2014 and October 2015...
February 14, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195511/changes-in-postmortem-identity-and-grief
#7
Kenneth J Doka
This article reviews the concept of postmortem identity, noting its relationships to other concepts such as relational trauma. Identity is a very fluid concept that can change even after an individual's death as new information becomes available or even as social values change. Such modifications of postmortem identity can affect the course of bereavement-complication reactions to loss.
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156511/end-of-life-discussions-with-advanced-cancer-patients-and-their-effects-on-bereaved-families-mental-health
#8
Isseki Maeda, Yutaka Hatano, Masanori Mori, Yasuo Shima, Satoru Tsuneto, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Tatsuya Morita, Takuhiro Yamaguchi, Maho Aoyama, Mitsunori Miyashita
3 Background: End-of-life (EOL) discussions are important for providing appropriate care to patients with advanced cancer at the end of their life. To explore the relationship between EOL discussions and bereaved families' mental health, as well as the quality of the patient's death and quality of care at the end of life. METHODS: This was a nationwide questionnaire survey of bereaved families of deceased cancer patients who died at 75 sites (20 inpatient palliative care teams in acute hospitals, 33 palliative care units/inpatient hospices, and 22 outpatient clinics that provide home palliative care service) in Japan...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120628/same-sex-partner-bereavement
#9
Lefteris Patlamazoglou, Janette G Simmonds, Tristan L Snell
The experience of same-sex-attracted people who have lost a partner is neglected in the existing literature on bereavement. Previous research on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex, queer and questioning (LGBTIQ) populations tends to focus on the loss of a partner to HIV-related causes, and there is scant research concerning non-HIV-related bereavement. The purpose of this article is to investigate the non-HIV-related bereavement experiences of same-sex partners and to address the potential complications of disenfranchised grief...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107032/the-longitudinal-and-cross-sectional-associations-of-grief-and-complicated-grief-with-sleep-quality-in-older-adults
#10
Jelena Milic, Heidi Saavedra Perez, Lisette A Zuurbier, Paul A Boelen, Judith A Rietjens, Albert Hofman, Henning Tiemeier
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: About 15% of grievers experience complicated grief. We determined cross-sectional and longitudinal relations of grief and complicated grief with sleep duration and quality in the general population of elderly adults. PARTICIPANTS: We included 5,421 men and women from the prospective population-based Rotterdam Study. METHODS: The Inventory of Complicated Grief was used to define grief and complicated grief. We assessed sleep with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
January 20, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099046/death-notification-someone-needs-to-call-the-family
#11
Rachel Ombres, Lauren Montemorano, Daniel Becker
BACKGROUND: The death notification process can affect family grief and bereavement. It can also affect the well-being of involved physicians. There is no standardized process for making death notification phone calls. We assumed that residents are likely to be unprepared before and troubled after. OBJECTIVE: We investigated current death notification practices to develop an evidence-based template for standardizing this process. DESIGN: We used results of a literature review and open-ended interviews with faculty, residents, and widows to develop a survey regarding resident training and experience in death notification by phone...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086836/an-internet-based-self-help-intervention-for-older-adults-after-marital-bereavement-separation-or-divorce-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Jeannette Brodbeck, Thomas Berger, Hans Joerg Znoj
BACKGROUND: Marital bereavement and separation or divorce are among the most stressful critical life events in later life. These events require a dissolution of social and emotional ties, adjustments in daily routine and changes in identity and perspectives for the future. After a normative grief or distress reaction, most individuals cope well with the loss. However, some develop a prolonged grief reaction. Internet-based self-help interventions have proved beneficial for a broad range of disorders, including complicated grief...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063859/assessing-palliative-care-content-in-dementia-care-guidelines-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Pamela Durepos, Abigail Wickson-Griffiths, Afeez Abiola Hazzan, Sharon Kaasalainen, Vasilia Vastis, Lisa Battistella, Alexandra Papaioannou
CONTEXT: Families of persons with dementia continue to report unmet needs during end-of-life. Strategies to improve care and quality of life for persons with dementia include development of clinical practice guidelines (CPG) and an integrative palliative approach. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess palliative care content in dementia CPGs in order to identify the presence or limitations of recommendations and discussion pertaining to common issues or domains affected by illness as described by the Canadian Hospice Palliative Care 'Square of Care'...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054288/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-complicated-grief-are-common-in-caregivers-of-neuro-icu-patients
#14
Stephen A Trevick, Aaron S Lord
BACKGROUND: To explore the effect of end of life and other palliative decision making scenarios on the mental health of family members of patients in the neuro-intensive care unit. METHODS: Decision makers of patients in the neuro-ICU at a large, urban, academic medical center meeting palliative care triggers were identified from November 10, 2014, to August 27, 2015. Interviews were conducted at 1 and 6 months post-enrollment. At 1 month, the Inventory of Complicated Grief-Revised (ICG-R), Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R), and the Family Satisfaction-ICU (FS-ICU) were performed along with basic demographic questionnaires...
January 4, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051926/the-process-of-change-in-complicated-grief-group-therapy-for-bereaved-dementia-caregivers-an-evaluation-using-the-meaning-of-loss-codebook
#15
Katherine P Supiano, Lara Burns Haynes, Vicki Pond
Caring for a person with dementia has adverse health and mental health effects that, for 9-25% of caregivers, persist as complicated grief (CG). For bereaved dementia caregivers unable to satisfactorily grieve, specialized Complicated Grief Group Therapy (CGGT) can restore healthy grief. We investigated therapeutic change in CGGT participants, using an adapted version of the Gillies' Meaning of Loss Codebook. Participants demonstrated positive gains in 16 thematic areas, notably in moving on with life, summoning pleasant memories, and ascribing bad memories to disease rather than decedent...
February 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042073/predictors-of-complicated-grief-and-depression-in-bereaved-caregivers-a-nationwide-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Mette Kjaergaard Nielsen, Mette Asbjoern Neergaard, Anders Bonde Jensen, Peter Vedsted, Flemming Bro, Mai-Britt Guldin
CONTEXT: Complicated grief and depressive symptoms in bereaved caregivers have been associated with female gender, spousal relation, and preloss psychological distress, but population-based, prospective studies are scarce. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate whether severe preloss grief and depressive symptoms, caregiver burden, preparedness for death, communication about dying, and socioeconomic factors predicted complicated grief and postloss depressive symptoms...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996983/-complicated-grief-in-dsm-5-era
#17
Claudia Carmassi, Ciro Conversano, Marialisa Pinori, Carlo Antonio Bertelloni, Riccardo Dalle Luche, Camilla Gesi, Liliana Dell'Osso
An increasing number of data has been recently focused on recognizing pathological grief reactions and on the distinction from physiological processes. Particularly, several studies have supported Complicated Grief (CG) as an independent disorder, in order to define the failure of spontaneous physiological mourning resolution. Upon these studies, the latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) with the name of "Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder". This article aims at retracing the history of clinical research about the physiological and psychopathological processes related to grief and aims at presenting the main scientific studies that have described the features of the CG defining it as a distinct disorder...
November 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892842/complicated-grief-after-suicide-bereavement-and-other-causes-of-death
#18
Ilanit Tal, Christine Mauro, Charles F Reynolds, M Katherine Shear, Naomi Simon, Barry Lebowitz, Natalia Skritskaya, Yuanjia Wang, Xin Qiu, Alana Iglewicz, Danielle Glorioso, Julie Avanzino, Julie Loebach Wetherell, Jordan F Karp, Don Robinaugh, Sidney Zisook
The authors compared baseline demographic characteristics, clinical features, and grief-related thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of individuals bereaved by suicide, accident/homicide and natural causes participating in a complicated grief (CG) treatment clinical trial. Severity of CG and depression and current depression diagnosis did not vary by loss type. After adjusting for baseline demographic features, time since death and relationship to the deceased, those with CG after suicide had the highest rates of lifetime depression, preloss passive suicidal ideation, self-blaming thoughts, and impaired work and social adjustment...
November 28, 2016: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885322/nedley-depression-hit-hypothesis-identifying-depression-and-its-causes
#19
REVIEW
Neil Nedley, Francisco E Ramirez
Depression is often diagnosed using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition (DSM-5) criteria. We propose how certain lifestyle choices and non-modifiable factors can predict the development of depression. We identified 10 cause categories (hits or "blows" to the brain) and theorize that four or more active hits could trigger a depression episode. Methods. A sample of 4271 participants from our community-based program (70% female; ages 17-94 years) was assessed at baseline and at the eighth week of the program using a custom test...
November 2016: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879552/the-impact-of-complicated-grief-on-diurnal-cortisol-levels-two-years-after-loss-a-population-based-study
#20
Heidi C Saavedra Pérez, Nese Direk, Jelena Milic, Mohammed Arfan Ikram, Albert Hofman, Henning Tiemeier
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have focused on the effect of complicated grief-unresolved and prolonged grief-on the neuroendocrine systems. The present study examined the association of complicated grief and normal grief with the diurnal cortisol patterns in a large population-based study. METHODS: This study was set in the Rotterdam Study and comprised 2084 persons aged older than 55 years (mean [SD] age, 64.9 [5.5] years). Participants were assessed with the Complicated Grief Inventory and classified into no grief (n = 1922), normal grief (n = 131), or complicated grief (n = 31) if they experienced the loss in the past 2 years...
November 22, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
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