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Complicated grief

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445631/treating-prolonged-grief-disorder-a-2-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Richard A Bryant, Lucy Kenny, Amy Joscelyne, Natasha Rawson, Fiona Maccallum, Catherine Cahill, Sally Hopwood, Angela Nickerson
BACKGROUND: Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) causes significant impairment in approximately 7% of bereaved people. Although cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has been shown to effectively treat PGD, there is no evidence of long-term effects of CBT. OBJECTIVE: To determine the long-term efficacies of CBT with exposure or CBT without exposure in treating PGD by assessing outcome at 2 years. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial of PGD patients (N = 80) attending an outpatient clinic took place between September 2007 and June 2010, and a 2-year follow-up occurred between December 2009 and October 2012...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426330/the-transformation-of-the-meaning-of-death-in-complicated-grief-group-therapy-for-survivors-of-suicide-a-treatment-process-analysis-using-the-meaning-of-loss-codebook
#2
Katherine P Supiano, Lara Burns Haynes, Vicki Pond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409713/persistent-complex-bereavement-disorder-and-culture-early-and-prolonged-grief-in-nepali-widows
#3
Jane Kim, Wietse A Tol, Abina Shrestha, Hari Maya Kafle, Rajin Rayamajhi, Nagendra P Luitel, Lily Thapa, Pamela J Surkan
OBJECTIVE: Persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), has not been well studied in socioculturally diverse populations. Thus, this qualitative study examined (a) how widows in Nepal understand grief, (b) whether a local construct of PCBD exists, and (c) its comparability with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), terminology. METHODS: Using an adapted Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue (EMIC) framework, semistructured interviews with 25 widows and 12 key informants, as well as three focus-group discussions (n = 20), were conducted between October 2014 and April 2015...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395645/domains-of-social-support-that-predict-bereavement-distress-following-homicide-loss
#4
Jamison S Bottomley, Laurie A Burke, Robert A Neimeyer
Psychological adaptation following homicide loss can prove more challenging for grievers than other types of losses. Although social support can be beneficial in bereavement, research is mixed in terms of identifying whether it serves as a buffer to distress following traumatic loss. In particular, studies have not parsed out specific domains of social support that best predict positive bereavement outcomes. Recruiting a sample of 47 African Americans bereaved by homicide, we examined six types of social support along with the griever's perceived need for or satisfaction with each and analyzed them in relation to depression, anxiety, complicated grief, and posttraumatic stress disorder outcomes...
May 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355993/-our-only-child-has-died-a-study-of-bereaved-older-chinese-parents
#5
Yongqiang Zheng, Thomas R Lawson, Barbara Anderson Head
Long and complicated grief is a relevant factor contributing to the deterioration of the older adults' later life quality. In China, the unintentional consequence of the one-child policy has emerged. There, the group of older adults who lost their only child is called shiduers. The current study compared 42 older adults who lost their only child to 33 older adults who have a child, in term of their physical and mental health, and social support. The results confirmed the general deteriorating trend in those aspects of the bereaved Chinese parents' life after their only child's death...
March 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355991/cautioning-health-care-professionals
#6
Margaret Stroebe, Henk Schut, Kathrin Boerner
Science and practice seem deeply stuck in the so-called stage theory of grief. Health-care professionals continue to "prescribe" stages. Basically, this perspective endorses the idea that bereaved people go through a set pattern of specific reactions over time following the death of a loved one. It has frequently been interpreted prescriptively, as a progression that bereaved persons must follow in order to adapt to loss. It is of paramount importance to assess stage theory, not least in view of the current status of the maladaptive "persistent complex bereavement-related disorder" as a category for further research in DSM-5...
March 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353289/factor-structure-and-concurrent-construct-validity-of-icg-among-bereaved-substance-users
#7
Laura Masferrer, Josep Garre-Olmo, Bea Caparrós
BACKGROUND: It is important to understand the repercussions of Complicated Grief (CG) symptoms in addictions. There are no studies to date which have examined the psychometric properties of any test of bereavement among people with substance use disorder (SUD). Participants with SUD can have a different experience of bereavement from other people and therefore could respond differently to the usual instruments which assess CG symptomatology. METHOD: This study aims to establish the psychometric properties of the Spanish adaption of the Inventory of Complicated Grief (ICG) in a sample of 196 bereaved drug dependent patients...
March 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338631/death-of-an-ex-spouse-lessons-in-family-communication-about-disenfranchised-grief
#8
Jillian A Tullis
The death of a loved one is an emotional-laden experience, and while grief and mourning rituals are less formal today in many communities, there remain some social norms for individuals to process loss. The death of an ex-family member, such as a former spouse, is more complicated and expectations for how to respond are fraught with uncertainty. While grief has been studied and is primarily understood as an individual cognitive process, scholars in sociology and communication are considering the ways in which grief and mourning are social and take place in dialogue with others...
March 24, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320560/complicated-grief-knowledge-attitudes-skills-and-training-of-mental-health-professionals-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Anne Dodd, Suzanne Guerin, Susan Delaney, Philip Dodd
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and qualitative synthesis was undertaken to deduce the knowledge, attitudes, skills and training of mental health professionals regarding complicated grief (CG). METHODS: PsychInfo, Embase, Medline, CINAHL, PBSC, Web of Science and ERIC databases were used to identify relevant literature. Searches were executed from inception to September 2014. RESULTS: The electronic search yielded 305 results. Forty-one papers were selected for full text review, 20 were included for analysis...
March 6, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271588/preloss-grief-in-family-caregivers-during-end-of-life-cancer-care-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#10
Mette Kjaergaard Nielsen, Mette Asbjoern Neergaard, Anders Bonde Jensen, Peter Vedsted, Flemming Bro, Mai-Britt Guldin
OBJECTIVE: Severe grief symptoms in family caregivers during end-of-life cancer trajectories are associated with complicated grief and depression after the loss. Nevertheless, severe grief symptoms during end-of-life caregiving in caregivers to cancer patients have been scarcely studied. We aimed to explore associations between severe preloss grief symptoms in caregivers and modifiable factors such as depressive symptoms, caregiver burden, preparedness for death, and end-of-life communication...
March 7, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270127/-life-at-the-river-is-a-living-hell-a-qualitative-study-of-trauma-mental-health-substance-use-and-hiv-risk-behavior-among-female-fish-traders-from-the-kafue-flatlands-in-zambia
#11
Lynn T Murphy Michalopoulos, Stefani N Baca-Atlas, Simona J Simona, Tina Jiwatram-Negrón, Alexander Ncube, Melanie B Chery
BACKGROUND: In Western settings, the relationship between trauma history, posttraumatic stress disorder, substance use, and HIV risk behavior, is well established. Although female fish traders in Zambia are affected by HIV at rates estimated to be 4-14 times higher than the national prevalence, no studies have examined the co-occurring issues of trauma, substance use and HIV risk behavior among this vulnerable population. The current study examined: 1) trauma history, trauma symptoms and HIV risk behaviors and 2) the relationship between these co-occurring issues among female fish traders from the Kafue Flatlands in Zambia...
March 7, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267034/effectiveness-of-psychosocial-interventions-in-reducing-grief-experienced-by-family-carers-of-people-with-dementia-a-systematic-review
#12
Sally Wilson, Christine Toye, Samar Aoun, Susan Slatyer, Wendy Moyle, Elizabeth Beattie
BACKGROUND: Family carers of people living and dying with dementia experience grief. The prevalence, predictors and associated factors of grief in this population have been identified, and psychosocial interventions to decrease grief symptoms have been implemented. However, the effect of psychosocial interventions on family carers' grief, loss or bereavement has not been examined. OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the existing evidence regarding the impact of psychosocial interventions to assist adjustment to grief, pre- and post-bereavement, for family carers of people with dementia...
March 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265891/a-descriptive-study-of-a-spirituality-curriculum-for-general-psychiatry-residents
#13
Thomas F McGovern, Terry McMahon, Jessica Nelson, Regina Bundoc-Baronia, Chuck Giles, Vanessa Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: The study collected data on the attitudes of residents toward religion and spirituality in their practice after taking part in a 3-year curriculum on spirituality during their residency. METHODS: This is a descriptive, single-site study with psychiatry residents as subjects. A questionnaire was given to the residents at the end of their third year of residency (N = 12). RESULTS: The responses heavily endorsed the religiousness/spirituality curriculum to be helpful and meaningful...
March 6, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197680/effect-of-a-condolence-letter-on-grief-symptoms-among-relatives-of-patients-who-died-in-the-icu-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Nancy Kentish-Barnes, Sylvie Chevret, Benoît Champigneulle, Marina Thirion, Virginie Souppart, Marion Gilbert, Olivier Lesieur, Anne Renault, Maïté Garrouste-Orgeas, Laurent Argaud, Marion Venot, Alexandre Demoule, Olivier Guisset, Isabelle Vinatier, Gilles Troché, Julien Massot, Samir Jaber, Caroline Bornstain, Véronique Gaday, René Robert, Jean-Philippe Rigaud, Raphaël Cinotti, Mélanie Adda, François Thomas, Laure Calvet, Marion Galon, Zoé Cohen-Solal, Alain Cariou, Elie Azoulay
PURPOSE: Family members of patients who die in the intensive care unit (ICU) may experience symptoms of stress, anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and/or prolonged grief. We evaluated whether grief symptoms were alleviated if the physician and the nurse in charge at the time of death sent the closest relative a handwritten condolence letter. METHODS: Multicenter randomized trial conducted among 242 relatives of patients who died at 22 ICUs in France between December 2014 and October 2015...
February 14, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195511/changes-in-postmortem-identity-and-grief
#15
Kenneth J Doka
This article reviews the concept of postmortem identity, noting its relationships to other concepts such as relational trauma. Identity is a very fluid concept that can change even after an individual's death as new information becomes available or even as social values change. Such modifications of postmortem identity can affect the course of bereavement-complication reactions to loss.
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156511/end-of-life-discussions-with-advanced-cancer-patients-and-their-effects-on-bereaved-families-mental-health
#16
Isseki Maeda, Yutaka Hatano, Masanori Mori, Yasuo Shima, Satoru Tsuneto, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Tatsuya Morita, Takuhiro Yamaguchi, Maho Aoyama, Mitsunori Miyashita
3 Background: End-of-life (EOL) discussions are important for providing appropriate care to patients with advanced cancer at the end of their life. To explore the relationship between EOL discussions and bereaved families' mental health, as well as the quality of the patient's death and quality of care at the end of life. METHODS: This was a nationwide questionnaire survey of bereaved families of deceased cancer patients who died at 75 sites (20 inpatient palliative care teams in acute hospitals, 33 palliative care units/inpatient hospices, and 22 outpatient clinics that provide home palliative care service) in Japan...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120628/same-sex-partner-bereavement
#17
Lefteris Patlamazoglou, Janette G Simmonds, Tristan L Snell
The experience of same-sex-attracted people who have lost a partner is neglected in the existing literature on bereavement. Previous research on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex, queer and questioning (LGBTIQ) populations tends to focus on the loss of a partner to HIV-related causes, and there is scant research concerning non-HIV-related bereavement. The purpose of this article is to investigate the non-HIV-related bereavement experiences of same-sex partners and to address the potential complications of disenfranchised grief...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107032/the-longitudinal-and-cross-sectional-associations-of-grief-and-complicated-grief-with-sleep-quality-in-older-adults
#18
Jelena Milic, Heidi Saavedra Perez, Lisette A Zuurbier, Paul A Boelen, Judith A Rietjens, Albert Hofman, Henning Tiemeier
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: About 15% of grievers experience complicated grief. We determined cross-sectional and longitudinal relations of grief and complicated grief with sleep duration and quality in the general population of elderly adults. PARTICIPANTS: We included 5,421 men and women from the prospective population-based Rotterdam Study. METHODS: The Inventory of Complicated Grief was used to define grief and complicated grief. We assessed sleep with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
January 20, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099046/death-notification-someone-needs-to-call-the-family
#19
Rachel Ombres, Lauren Montemorano, Daniel Becker
BACKGROUND: The death notification process can affect family grief and bereavement. It can also affect the well-being of involved physicians. There is no standardized process for making death notification phone calls. We assumed that residents are likely to be unprepared before and troubled after. OBJECTIVE: We investigated current death notification practices to develop an evidence-based template for standardizing this process. DESIGN: We used results of a literature review and open-ended interviews with faculty, residents, and widows to develop a survey regarding resident training and experience in death notification by phone...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086836/an-internet-based-self-help-intervention-for-older-adults-after-marital-bereavement-separation-or-divorce-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Jeannette Brodbeck, Thomas Berger, Hans Joerg Znoj
BACKGROUND: Marital bereavement and separation or divorce are among the most stressful critical life events in later life. These events require a dissolution of social and emotional ties, adjustments in daily routine and changes in identity and perspectives for the future. After a normative grief or distress reaction, most individuals cope well with the loss. However, some develop a prolonged grief reaction. Internet-based self-help interventions have proved beneficial for a broad range of disorders, including complicated grief...
January 13, 2017: Trials
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