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Complicated grief

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756994/new-insights-into-complicated-grief-in-bereaved-family-members-approached-for-organ-donation
#1
James Downar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716826/making-the-hidden-seen-a-narrative-analysis-of-the-experiences-of-assumption-of-care-at-birth
#2
Christine A Marsh, Jenny Browne, Jan Taylor, Deborah Davis
BACKGROUND: Being involved in any child protection system is complex and multifaceted and none more so than in non-voluntary Assumption of Care which occurs in New South Wales when, for child protection concerns, the Department of Family and Community Services removes a newborn baby from her/his mother. OBJECTIVE: This research studied childbearing women's and professionals' experiences of Assumption of Care at birth to increase understanding of individual participants' stories, how they made sense of meanings and how these experiences framed their lives...
April 28, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673140/euthanasia-of-cattle-practical-considerations-and-application
#3
REVIEW
Jan Keith Shearer
Acceptable methods for the euthanasia of cattle include overdose of an anesthetic, gunshot and captive bolt. The use of anesthetics for euthanasia is costly and complicates carcass disposal. These issues can be avoided by use of a physical method such as gunshot or captive bolt; however, each requires that certain conditions be met to assure an immediate loss of consciousness and death. For example, the caliber of firearm and type of bullet are important considerations when gunshot is used. When captive bolt is used, a penetrating captive bolt loaded with the appropriate powder charge and accompanied by a follow up (adjunctive) step to assure death are required...
April 17, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648856/treatment-expectancy-and-working-alliance-in-pharmacotherapy-as-predictors-of-outcomes-in-complicated-grief
#4
Elizabeth M Goetter, Christine M Mauro, Xin Qiu, Natalia A Skritskaya, Charles F Reynolds, Sidney Zisook, M Katherine Shear, Naomi M Simon
OBJECTIVE: Nonspecific factors, such as treatment outcome expectancy and working alliance, can influence treatment outcome. No studies to date have examined the role of expectancy and alliance on pharmacotherapy outcomes in individuals with complicated grief (CG). METHOD: This secondary analysis of a larger randomized, control trial (RCT) examined the relationship between pharmacotherapy expectancy and alliance on treatment outcome in adults with CG who were participating in a multisite, double-blind, RCT examining the efficacy of citalopram and complicated grief treatment (CGT)...
April 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617064/treatment-of-complicated-grief-in-survivors-of-suicide-loss-a-heal-report
#5
Sidney Zisook, M Katherine Shear, Charles F Reynolds, Naomi M Simon, Christine Mauro, Natalia A Skritskaya, Barry Lebowitz, Yuanjia Wang, Ilanit Tal, Danielle Glorioso, Julie Loebach Wetherell, Alana Iglewicz, Donald Robinaugh, Xin Qiu
OBJECTIVE: Suffering associated with complicated grief (CG) is profound. Because suicide loss survivors are susceptible to developing CG, identifying effective treatments for suicide loss survivors with CG is a high priority. This report provides data on the acceptability and effectiveness of antidepressant medication and complicated grief therapy (CGT), a CG-targeted psychotherapy, for suicide loss survivors with CG identified by an Inventory of Complicated Grief score ≥ 30. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data collected from March 2010 to September 2014 for a 4-site, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial comparing the effectiveness of antidepressant medication alone or in combination with CGT for participants with CG (score ≥ 30 on the Inventory of Complicated Grief) who were bereaved by suicide (SB; n = 58), accident/homicide (A/H; n = 74), or natural causes (NC; n = 263)...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609678/the-relationship-between-experiences-with-the-criminal-justice-system-and-mental-health-outcomes-among-survivors-of-homicide
#6
Evgenia Milman, Joah L Williams, Kaitlin Bountress, Alyssa A Rheingold
Homicide survivors are at increased risk for mental health disorders, including depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and complicated grief (CG). Accordingly, this survey study examined how satisfaction with the criminal justice system (CJS) was associated with depression, PTSD, and CG among 47 homicide survivors. It also examined how satisfaction with specific aspects of the CJS related to satisfaction with the overall CJS. Satisfaction with the overall CJS was uniquely associated with depression (odds ratio [OR] = 2...
April 1, 2018: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596074/psychological-impact-of-pregnancy-loss-best-practice-for-obstetric-providers
#7
Deborah Rich
Three overlapping areas of study form the foundation of the psychological impact of pregnancy loss: (1) transition to parenthood and the development of attachment, (2) perinatal mental health disorders, and (3) complicated grief. This article integrates findings from prominent lineages of theory to offer the obstetric provider an evidence-based framework for patient care. Current consensus across fields of study is that preexisting depression and anxiety are the strongest predictors of psychological functioning after loss and through the subsequent pregnancy...
March 28, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570031/maternal-grief-a-qualitative-investigation-of-mothers-responses-to-the-death-of-a-child-from-cancer
#8
Nick J Gerrish, Susan Bailey
This study explored bereaved mothers' responses to the death of a child from cancer, with a focus on identifying adaptive and complicated grief reactions. To understand the unique meaning of their loss, in-depth interviews were conducted with 13 mothers at two time points. Interpretative phenomenological analysis-guided by meaning-making theories of loss-revealed five master categories: the perceptions of the child's life with cancer and death from the disease, changed self-identity, coping style, developing an ongoing relationship to the deceased child, and the postdeath social environment...
January 1, 2018: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568278/depression-hopelessness-and-complicated-grief-in-survivors-of-suicide
#9
Samantha Bellini, Denise Erbuto, Karl Andriessen, Mariantonietta Milelli, Marco Innamorati, David Lester, Gaia Sampogna, Andrea Fiorillo, Maurizio Pompili
Suicide often has a severe impact on the surviving family and friends. There is a need to better understand the psychological and psychopathological consequences of losing a significant other by suicide. The aim of the present study was to assess hopelessness, depression, suicide risk, complicated grief, intrusive memories, and avoidance in a sample of suicide survivors. In this observational study, 35 bereaved individuals were recruited at the Suicide Prevention Centre of Sant'Andrea Hospital in Rome. Individuals were administered a series of validated instruments: the Beck Depression Inventory II ( BDI ), the Beck Hopelessness Scale ( BHS ), the Inventory of Complicated Grief ( ICG ), the Impact of Event Scale ( IES ), the Subjective Happiness Scale ( SHS ), and the Satisfaction With Life Scale ( SWLS )...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567822/families-sense-of-abandonment-when-patients-are-referred-to-hospice
#10
Takuya Odagiri, Tatsuya Morita, Maho Aoyama, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Satoru Tsuneto, Yasuo Shima, Mitsunori Miyashita
BACKGROUND: Terminally ill patients with cancer and their families may have a sense of abandonment when they are referred to hospice. This study aimed to clarify the prevalence of families' sense of abandonment, explore the association between the sense of abandonment and the oncologists' behaviors, and investigate the association between the sense of abandonment and the families' depression and complicated grief. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was part of a nationwide self-reported questionnaire survey of bereaved families of patients with cancer who died in inpatient hospices...
March 22, 2018: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553799/grief-symptoms-in-relatives-who-experienced-organ-donation-request-in-the-icu
#11
Nancy Kentish-Barnes, Sylvie Chevret, Gaëlle Cheisson, Liliane Joseph, Laurent Martin-Lefèvre, Anne Gaelle Si Larbi, Gérald Viquesnel, Sophie Marqué, Stéphane Donati, Julien Charpentier, Nicolas Pichon, Benjamin Zuber, Olivier Lesieur, Martial Ouendo, Anne Renault, Pascale Le Maguet, Stanislas Kandelman, Marie Thuong, Bernard Floccard, Chaouki Mezher, Marion Galon, Jacques Duranteau, Elie Azoulay
RATIONALE: In the case of organ donation, the family is highly involved in the decision process. OBJECTIVE: To assess experience of organ donation process and grief symptoms in relatives of brain dead patients who discussed organ donation in the ICU. METHODS: Multicentre cross-sectional study in 28 ICUs in France. Participating subjects were relatives of brain dead patients who were approached to discuss organ donation. Relatives were followed-up by phone at 3 time points: at 1 month to complete a questionnaire describing their experience of organ donation process; At 3 months to complete the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Impact of Event Scale-Revised; At 9 months, to complete the IES-R and the Inventory of Complicated Grief...
March 19, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535285/-influential-factors-of-complicated-grief-of-bereaved-spouses-from-cancer-patient
#12
So Myeong Kim, So Hi Kown
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate variables and construct paths that affect complicated grief. METHODS: Participants in this cross-sectional, descriptive study were 164 bereaved spouses of cancer patients at least 12 months before the death. Data were collected from October 2016 to February 2017 using self-report structured questionnaires and were analyzed using IBM SPSS 21.0 and AMOS 20.0. RESULTS: The variables affecting complicated grief of bereaved spouses of cancer patients were the quality of end-of-life care (γ=...
February 2018: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529405/attentional-bias-to-reminders-of-the-deceased-as-compared-with-a-living-attachment-in-grieving
#13
Noam Schneck, Tao Tu, Christina A Michel, George A Bonanno, Paul Sajda, J John Mann
BACKGROUND: Grieving individuals demonstrate attentional bias toward reminders of the deceased versus neutral stimuli. We sought to assess bias toward reminders of the deceased versus a living attachment figure and to evaluate similarities and differences in the neural correlates of deceased- and living-related attention. We also sought to identify grief process variables associated with deceased-related attentional bias. METHODS: Twenty-five subjects grieving the death of a first-degree relative or partner within 14 months performed an emotional Stroop task, using words related to a deceased or a living attachment figure, and a standard Stroop task, to identify general selective attention, during functional magnetic resonance imaging...
February 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514554/grief-tragic-death-and-multiple-loss-in-the-lives-of-irish-traveller-community-health-workers
#14
Mary Tobin, Sharon Lambert, John McCarthy
Recent data on the inequities in mortality, health, and access to health services experienced by the Traveller community in Ireland show higher rates of death by suicide and other sudden causes among members of this marginalized minority group than in the general population. Psychological literature on bereavement suggests that traumatic deaths and multiple deaths within a close network may be more likely to lead to complicated grief reactions. The aim of this study is to add to our understanding of the effects of the differential mortality rate by exploring how grief is experienced within the Traveller community in the context of bereavement from multiple deaths or sudden deaths (including suicide)...
January 1, 2018: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513516/prairie-voles-as-a-model-for-understanding-the-genetic-and-epigenetic-regulation-of-attachment-behaviors
#15
Julie M Sadino, Zoe R Donaldson
Over a lifetime, humans build relationships with family, friends, and partners that are critically important for our mental and physical health. Unlike commonly used laboratory mice and rats, Microtine rodents provide a unique model to study the neurobiology underlying pair bonding and the selective attachments that form between adults. Comparisons between monogamous prairie voles and the closely related but nonmonogamous meadow and montane voles have revealed that brain-region-specific neuropeptide receptor patterning modulates social behavior between and within species...
April 6, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509067/assessing-posttraumatic-growth-complicated-grief-and-psychological-distress-in-bereaved-atheists-and-believers
#16
Jacob S Sawyer, Melanie E Brewster
The present study examines how meaning and belief in God or god(s) is related to bereavement outcomes. Data from 299 participants residing in the United States indicated that the variables of search for meaning, presence of meaning, and belief in God or god(s) were significantly related to posttraumatic growth, complicated grief, and psychological distress. Results from this study can be used to identify appropriate clinical strategies for mental health practitioners working with bereaved clients and will expand the breadth of literature on bereavement with atheist populations in the United States...
March 6, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508381/guilt-in-bereavement-its-relationship-with-complicated-grief-and-depression
#17
Jie Li, Jorge N Tendeiro, Margaret Stroebe
This study investigated the relationship between guilt and well-being of bereaved persons, and explored potential differences in the associations between guilt-complicated grief (CG) and guilt-depression. In total, 1358 Chinese bereaved adults were recruited to fill out questionnaires. Participants (N = 194) who had been bereaved within 2 years of the first survey, filled out the same questionnaires 1 year later. Higher guilt was associated with higher degrees of both CG and depression. The level of guilt predicted CG and depression symptoms 1 year later...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498608/five-factor-model-in-bereaved-adults-with-and-without-complicated-grief
#18
Elizabeth Goetter, Eric Bui, Arielle Horenstein, Amanda W Baker, Susanne Hoeppner, Meredith Charney, Naomi M Simon
Knowledge about what psychological characteristics underlie complicated grief (CG) is limited. The current study examined the five-factor personality traits in 81 bereaved adults with (n = 51) and without (n = 30) CG. A trained doctoral-level clinician evaluated participants using a structured, diagnostic psychiatric interview, and they completed self-report measures of grief and personality. A multiple regression model indicated that higher levels of neuroticism were associated with greater CG symptom severity, implicating neuroticism in the development of CG...
March 2, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494382/facial-behavior-during-an-attachment-interview-in-patients-with-complicated-grief
#19
Manuela Gander, Cathrin Schiestl, Rainer Dahlbender, Joram Ronel, Anna Buchheim
The present study investigated differences in various aspects of facial behavior among female patients with complicated grief (CG; n = 18) and healthy controls (n = 18) during the assessment of their attachment representation using the Adult Attachment Projective Picture System. All patients were classified with an unresolved attachment status. On a behavioral level, they demonstrated longer gazing behavior away from the interviewer and the picture stimuli, more speech pauses, less smiling toward the interviewer, and more crying, especially in response to stimuli portraying the theme of loss...
May 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479767/treating-complicated-grief-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-homicidally-bereaved-individuals-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Mariëtte van Denderen, Jos de Keijser, Roy Stewart, Paul A Boelen
Homicidally bereaved individuals may experience symptoms of Complicated Grief (CG) and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). This Randomized Controlled Trial examined the effectiveness of an 8-session treatment encompassing Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) to reduce self-rated CG and PTSD symptoms in 85 Dutch adult homicidally bereaved men and women. We compared changes in symptoms of CG (assessed using the Inventory of Complicated Grief) and PTSD (assessed using the Impact of Event Scale) between an intervention group and a waitlist control group...
February 26, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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