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Complicated grief

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644859/grief-interventions-for-people-bereaved-by-suicide-a-systematic-review
#1
Katja Linde, Julia Treml, Jana Steinig, Michaela Nagl, Anette Kersting
BACKGROUND: Adaption to the loss of a loved one due to suicide can be complicated by feelings of guilt, shame, responsibility, rejection, and stigmatization. Therefore people bereaved by suicide have an increased risk for developing complicated grief which is related to negative physical and mental disorders and an increased risk for suicidal behavior. Grief interventions are needed for this vulnerable population. The aim of this systematic review was to provide an overview of the current state of evidence concerning the effectiveness of interventions that focus on grief for people bereaved by suicide...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632358/increased-beta-power-in-the-bereaved-families-of-the-sewol-ferry-disaster-a-paradoxical-compensatory-phenomenon-a-two-channel-electroencephalography-study
#2
Kuk-In Jang, Miseon Shim, Sang Min Lee, Hyu Jung Huh, Seung Huh, Ji-Young Joo, Seung-Hwan Lee, Jeong-Ho Chae
AIM: The Sewol ferry capsizing accident in South Korea's southern coast had resulted in the death of 304 people, and serious bereavement problems of their families. Electroencephalography (EEG) beta frequency is associated with psychiatric symptoms such as insomnia. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between frontal beta power, psychological symptoms, and insomnia in the bereaved families. METHODS: Eighty-four family members of the Sewol ferry victims (32 men and 52 women) were recruited and their EEG was compared with that of 25 (13 men and 12 women) healthy controls...
June 20, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618886/emotional-sequelae-of-elective-abortion-the-role-of-guilt-and-shame
#3
Donna Krupkin Whitney
Although estimates vary, many women experience long-term emotional, spiritual, psychological and interpersonal difficulties following abortion, including complicated grief, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and relationship disturbances. Developmental, drive, object-relations and narcissism models for perinatal loss also illuminate the dynamics of post-abortion syndromes. Guilt and shame play important roles in generating and concealing post-abortion sequelae. Pastoral care and healthcare providers can increase their awareness of post-abortion sequelae and provide effective care for women experiencing these syndromes...
June 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609578/the-loss-of-a-fellow-service-member-complicated-grief-in-post-9-11-service-members-and-veterans-with-combat-related-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#4
Naomi M Simon, Emily B O'Day, Samantha N Hellberg, Susanne S Hoeppner, Meredith E Charney, Donald J Robinaugh, Eric Bui, Elizabeth M Goetter, Amanda W Baker, Andrew H Rogers, Mireya Nadal-Vicens, Margaret R Venners, Hyungjin M Kim, Sheila A M Rauch
Bereavement is a potent and highly prevalent stressor among service members and veterans. However, the psychological consequences of bereavement, including complicated grief (CG), have been minimally examined. Loss was assessed in 204 post-9/11, when service members and veterans with combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) took part in a multicenter treatment study. Those who reported the loss of an important person completed the inventory of complicated grief (ICG; n = 160). Over three quarters (79...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600999/how-do-risk-factors-affect-bereavement-outcomes-in-later-life-an-exploration-of-the-mediating-role-of-dual-process-coping
#5
Suqin Tang, Amy Y M Chow
This study is an exploratory study that aims to examine the mediating role of dual process coping in the relationship between risk factors and bereavement outcomes. A total of 178 Hong Kong Chinese bereaved older adults reported their bereavement-related information, dual process coping (Dual Coping Inventory, DCI), complicated grief (Inventory of Complicated Grief; ICG), depression (Geriatric Depression Scale, GDS) and loneliness (De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale, DJG) in face-to-face structured interviews...
June 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581276/effects-of-mental-health-support-on-the-grief-of-bereaved-people-caused-by-sewol-ferry-accident
#6
Hyesung Han, Jin Won Noh, Hyu Jung Huh, Seung Huh, Ji Young Joo, Jin Hyuk Hong, Jeong Ho Chae
Few studies have assessed the overall effects of multi-centered, complicated mental health support on the grief process. This study investigated the broader influence of mental health support provided practically to the bereaved family on the severity of complicated grief. Ninety-three bereaved family members of the Sewol ferry accident were recruited. Severity of complicated grief, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depressive disorder was assessed through self-reporting questionnaire, inventory of complicated grief (ICG), PTSD Check List-5 (PCL-5) and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9)...
July 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557681/hypnosis-in-cancer-care
#7
Joshua Wortzel, David Spiegel
Cancer affects a growing proportion of the population as survival improves. The illness and its treatment brings a substantial burden of symptoms, including pain, anxiety, insomnia, and grief. Here, the uses of hypnosis in the treatment of these cancer-related problems will be reviewed. The utility of measuring hypnotizability in the clinical setting will be discussed. The current neurobiology of hypnotizability and hypnosis will be reviewed. Methods and results of using hypnosis for pain control in acute and chronic settings will be presented...
July 2017: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540767/the-use-of-pathological-grief-outcomes-in-bereavement-studies-on-african-americans
#8
Leeat Granek, Tal Peleg-Sagy
Pathological bereavement outcomes (i.e., complicated grief, traumatic grief, prolonged grief disorder) are a robust and growing research area in the psychological and medical sciences. Although grief is considered to be a universal phenomenon, it is well documented that grieving processes and outcomes are culturally and contextually bound. The objectives of this study were: (a) to examine representations of African Americans in the grief and mourning literature and to assess the extent to which this research utilizes pathological grief outcomes; and (b) to examine the characteristics of pathological grief constructs in the literature to assess their relevance for African American populations...
June 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539941/unresolved-bereavement-and-other-mental-health-problems-in-parents-of-the-sewol-ferry-accident-after-18-months
#9
Hyu Jung Huh, Seung Huh, So Hee Lee, Jeong-Ho Chae
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the overall mental health consequences of the bereaved parents after the Sewol ferry accident. METHODS: Eighty-four bereaved parents participated in the study. Self-report scales assessing the severity of psychiatric symptoms and other related psychosomatic problems were used at 18 months following the accident. Univariate descriptive statistics and regression analyses were performed to report the prevalence, severity, and correlates of psychiatric symptoms...
May 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524889/complicated-grief-risk-factors-interventions-and-resources-for-oncology-nurses
#10
Cindy S Tofthagen, Kevin Kip, Ann Witt, Susan C McMillan
BACKGROUND: When a loved one dies of cancer, complicated grief (CG) may occur because of the trauma associated with family caregivers' perceptions of their loved one's suffering, either from advanced cancer or from side effects of cancer treatment.
. OBJECTIVES: This article provides an overview of CG and existing interventions for family caregivers who may be at risk for CG following the loss of a loved one and the implications for oncology nurses who provide emotional support and guidance...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501738/performance-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-interpersonal-support-evaluation-list-isel-in-older-adults-with-complicated-grief
#11
Angela Ghesquiere, Theresa Schwartz, Yuanjia Wang, Christine Mauro, Natalia Skritskaya, M Katherine Shear
BACKGROUND: Complicated Grief (CG) is a recently recognized bereavement-related mental health disorder. Social support is commonly measured with the Interpersonal Support Evaluation List (ISEL), a 40-item, 4-factor, self-report measure. Though the ISEL has been well-studied, no identified research has examined its psychometric properties or performance in older adults with CG. METHODS: We examined the psychometric properties of the ISEL in adults age ≥60 who enrolled in a psychotherapy treatment study for CG in New York City...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462880/effect-of-a-bereavement-support-group-on-female-adolescents-psychological-health-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-south-africa
#12
Tonya Renee Thurman, Brian G Luckett, Johanna Nice, Alexandra Spyrelis, Tory M Taylor
BACKGROUND: Bereavement increases children's risk for psychological disorders, highlighting the need for effective interventions, especially in areas where orphanhood is common. We aimed to assess the effects of an eight-session support group intervention on the psychological health of bereaved female adolescents in South Africa. METHODS: This randomised controlled trial enrolled female adolescents at 11 schools in three peri-urban towns of Free State province, South Africa...
June 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453358/bereavement-service-preferences-of-surviving-family-members-variation-among-next-of-kin-with-depression-and-complicated-grief
#13
Alissa Banyasz, Rachel Weiskittle, Amanda Lorenz, Lauren Goodman, Sharla Wells-Di Gregorio
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that bereavement services reduce distress and support adjustment in the bereaved, particularly those experiencing significant levels of depression or grief. However, the service use of bereaved individuals and whether utilization differs among those experiencing depression and complicated grief currently remain unclear. Research is needed to clarify the preferences of the bereaved, including specific bereaved subgroups. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the bereavement service preferences of bereaved family members whose loved one died in the hospital and identify group differences in service use among individuals with and without depression and complicated grief, considering time since the death of the patient...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450216/effects-of-end-of-life-discussions-on-the-mental-health-of-bereaved-family-members-and-quality-of-patient-death-and-care
#14
Takashi Yamaguchi, Isseki Maeda, Yutaka Hatano, Masanori Mori, Yasuo Shima, Satoru Tsuneto, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Tatsuya Morita, Takuhiro Yamaguchi, Maho Aoyama, Mitsunori Miyashita
CONTEXT: End-of-life discussions are crucial for providing appropriate care to patients with advanced cancer at the end of their lives. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to explore associations between end-of-life discussions and bereaved families' depression and complicated grief and the quality of patient death and end-of-life care. METHODS: A nationwide questionnaire survey of bereaved family members was conducted between May and July 2014...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445631/treating-prolonged-grief-disorder-a-2-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Richard A Bryant, Lucy Kenny, Amy Joscelyne, Natasha Rawson, Fiona Maccallum, Catherine Cahill, Sally Hopwood, Angela Nickerson
BACKGROUND: Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) causes significant impairment in approximately 7% of bereaved people. Although cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has been shown to effectively treat PGD, there is no evidence of long-term effects of CBT. OBJECTIVE: To determine the long-term efficacies of CBT with exposure or CBT without exposure in treating PGD by assessing outcome at 2 years. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial of PGD patients (N = 80) attending an outpatient clinic took place between September 2007 and June 2010, and a 2-year follow-up occurred between December 2009 and October 2012...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426330/the-transformation-of-the-meaning-of-death-in-complicated-grief-group-therapy-for-survivors-of-suicide-a-treatment-process-analysis-using-the-meaning-of-loss-codebook
#16
Katherine P Supiano, Lara Burns Haynes, Vicki Pond
We examined the therapeutic process of grief change in survivors of suicide participating in complicated grief group therapy (CGGT) using the meaning of loss codebook (MLC). Complicated grief group therapy is a multimodal group psychotherapy designed to restore normal grieving in persons with complicated grief. Using video data, we evaluated transition points in psychotherapy associated with meaning reconstruction: retelling the narrative of the death, having an imaginal conversation with the deceased, and memory integration...
April 20, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409713/persistent-complex-bereavement-disorder-and-culture-early-and-prolonged-grief-in-nepali-widows
#17
Jane Kim, Wietse A Tol, Abina Shrestha, Hari Maya Kafle, Rajin Rayamajhi, Nagendra P Luitel, Lily Thapa, Pamela J Surkan
OBJECTIVE: Persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), has not been well studied in socioculturally diverse populations. Thus, this qualitative study examined (a) how widows in Nepal understand grief, (b) whether a local construct of PCBD exists, and (c) its comparability with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), terminology. METHODS: Using an adapted Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue (EMIC) framework, semistructured interviews with 25 widows and 12 key informants, as well as three focus-group discussions (n = 20), were conducted between October 2014 and April 2015...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395645/domains-of-social-support-that-predict-bereavement-distress-following-homicide-loss
#18
Jamison S Bottomley, Laurie A Burke, Robert A Neimeyer
Psychological adaptation following homicide loss can prove more challenging for grievers than other types of losses. Although social support can be beneficial in bereavement, research is mixed in terms of identifying whether it serves as a buffer to distress following traumatic loss. In particular, studies have not parsed out specific domains of social support that best predict positive bereavement outcomes. Recruiting a sample of 47 African Americans bereaved by homicide, we examined six types of social support along with the griever's perceived need for or satisfaction with each and analyzed them in relation to depression, anxiety, complicated grief, and posttraumatic stress disorder outcomes...
May 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355993/-our-only-child-has-died-a-study-of-bereaved-older-chinese-parents
#19
Yongqiang Zheng, Thomas R Lawson, Barbara Anderson Head
Long and complicated grief is a relevant factor contributing to the deterioration of the older adults' later life quality. In China, the unintentional consequence of the one-child policy has emerged. There, the group of older adults who lost their only child is called shiduers. The current study compared 42 older adults who lost their only child to 33 older adults who have a child, in term of their physical and mental health, and social support. The results confirmed the general deteriorating trend in those aspects of the bereaved Chinese parents' life after their only child's death...
March 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355991/cautioning-health-care-professionals
#20
Margaret Stroebe, Henk Schut, Kathrin Boerner
Science and practice seem deeply stuck in the so-called stage theory of grief. Health-care professionals continue to "prescribe" stages. Basically, this perspective endorses the idea that bereaved people go through a set pattern of specific reactions over time following the death of a loved one. It has frequently been interpreted prescriptively, as a progression that bereaved persons must follow in order to adapt to loss. It is of paramount importance to assess stage theory, not least in view of the current status of the maladaptive "persistent complex bereavement-related disorder" as a category for further research in DSM-5...
March 2017: Omega
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