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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452962/the-role-of-resiliency-and-coping-strategies-in-occurrence-of-positive-changes-in-medical-rescue-workers
#1
Nina Ogińska-Bulik, Magdalena Zadworna-Cieślak
BACKGROUND: Working in the emergency services entails exposure to traumatic events; however, their effects can be both negative and positive. Among the factors determining posttraumatic growth (PTG) after an experienced trauma are the personal resources and coping strategies. The purpose of the research was to investigate the role of resiliency and coping strategies with stress in posttraumatic growth in a group of medical rescue workers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 80 male medical rescuers who have experienced traumatic event in their worksite were analyzed...
February 13, 2018: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450662/preconception-counseling-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-diabetes-a-literature-review-of-the-past-10-years
#2
REVIEW
Frances Peterson-Burch, Hiba Abujaradeh, Nicole Charache, Andrea Fischl, Denise Charron-Prochownik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Women with diabetes who have unplanned pregnancies and uncontrolled blood sugars are at a higher risk for maternal and fetal morbidities and mortalities. Preconception counseling (PC) has been shown to decrease the risks and improve health outcomes. From 2009 to 2017, the American Diabetes Association has recommended that preconception counseling be given at each clinic visit for all women with diabetes of childbearing age starting at puberty (prior to sexual debut)...
February 15, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448808/hypertension-awareness-treatment-and-control-in-ghana-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Olutobi Adekunle Sanuade, Raphael Baffour Awuah, Mawuli Kushitor
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the rates of hypertension awareness, treatment and control as well as the socio-economic and demographic correlates in Ghana. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. We used wave 1 of the World Health Organization (WHO) Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) conducted between 2007and 2008. The sample was 5526 respondents aged 18 years and above. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the characteristics of the respondents and binary logistic regression was used to determine the correlates of hypertension awareness, treatment and control...
February 15, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447271/parents-knowledge-beliefs-and-acceptance-of-the-hpv-vaccination-in-relation-to-their-socio-demographics-and-religious-beliefs-a-cross-sectional-study-in-thailand
#4
Maria Grandahl, Seung Chun Paek, Siriwan Grisurapong, Penchan Sherer, Tanja Tydén, Pranee Lundberg
Thailand has one of the world's highest prevalence of cervical cancer, mainly caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV infections can successfully be prevented by vaccination, which is available at a cost but not yet implemented in the national vaccination program. Parents play a critical role in deciding whether to vaccinate their child against HPV. Thus, the aim was to examine the association between parents' knowledge, beliefs, and acceptance of the HPV vaccination for their daughters, considering their socio-demographics and religious beliefs...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446538/islamophobia-in-canada-measuring-the-realities-of-negative-attitudes-toward-muslims-and-religious-discrimination
#5
Sarah Wilkins-Laflamme
There has been growing discussion surrounding the phenomenon of Islamophobia in Western societies over the last few years. However, in-depth empirical research of the prevalence and patterns of prejudice toward Muslims remains scarce, especially in the Canadian context. With data from the 2011 Canadian Election Study and the 2014 General Social Survey, this study measures the extent to which negative feelings toward Muslims are present among the general adult population, and the extent to which Muslim Canadians themselves say they have experienced discrimination in recent years due to their religion, ethnicity, and culture...
February 2018: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440801/a-retrospective-study-of-end-of-life-care-decisions-in-the-critically-ill-in-a-surgical-intensive-care-unit
#6
Yi Lin Lee, Yee Yian Ong, Sze Ying Thong, Shin Yi Ng
Aim: Progress in medical care and technology has led to patients with more advanced illnesses being admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). The practice of approaching end-of-life (EOL) care decisions and limiting care is well documented in Western literature but unknown in Singapore. We performed a retrospective cohort study to describe the practice of EOL care in patients dying in a Singapore surgical ICU (SICU). The surgical critical care population was chosen as it is unique because surgeons are frequently involved in the EOL process...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440799/is-every-life-worth-saving-does-religion-and-religious-beliefs-influence-paramedic-s-end-of-life-decision-making-a-prospective-questionnaire-based-investigation
#7
Alexander Leibold, Christoph L Lassen, Nicole Lindenberg, Bernhard M Graf, Christoph Hr Wiese
Background: Paramedics, arriving on emergency cases first, have to make end-of-life decisions almost on a daily basis. Faith shapes attitudes toward the meaning and worth of life itself and therefore influences decision-making. Objective: The objective of this study was to detect whether or not religious and spiritual beliefs influence paramedics in their workday life concerning end-of-life decisions, and whether it is legally possible for them to act according to their conscience...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440143/exploring-the-lived-experience-and-chronic-low-back-pain-beliefs-of-english-speaking-punjabi-and-white-british-people-a-qualitative-study-within-the-nhs
#8
Gurpreet Singh, Christopher Newton, Kieran O'Sullivan, Andrew Soundy, Nicola R Heneghan
INTRODUCTION: Disabling chronic low back pain (CLBP) is associated with negative beliefs and behaviours, which are influenced by culture, religion and interactions with healthcare practitioners (HCPs). In the UK, HCPs encounter people from different cultures and ethnic backgrounds, with South Asian Indians (including Punjabis) forming the largest ethnic minority group. Better understanding of the beliefs and experiences of ethnic minorities with CLBP might inform effective management...
February 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439792/-considerations-relating-to-the-body-in-the-jewish-religion
#9
Michel Lévy
In the Jewish religion, the body is the receptacle of the soul, and both are connected. Created in God's image, the body must be respected by the caregiver and by the patient. Judaism imposes constraints, but these restrictions must be lifted if a person's life is in danger.
January 2018: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438435/population-based-validation-of-a-german-version-of-the-brief-resilience-scale
#10
Andrea Chmitorz, Mario Wenzel, Rolf-Dieter Stieglitz, Angela Kunzler, Christiana Bagusat, Isabella Helmreich, Anna Gerlicher, Miriam Kampa, Thomas Kubiak, Raffael Kalisch, Klaus Lieb, Oliver Tüscher
Smith and colleagues developed the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) to assess the individual ability to recover from stress despite significant adversity. This study aimed to validate the German version of the BRS. We used data from a population-based (sample 1: n = 1.481) and a representative (sample 2: n = 1.128) sample of participants from the German general population (age ≥ 18) to assess reliability and validity. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were conducted to compare one- and two-factorial models from previous studies with a method-factor model which especially accounts for the wording of the items...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436435/an-overview-of-the-spiritual-importances-of-end-of-life-care-among-the-five-major-faiths-of-the-united-kingdom
#11
Mohsin Choudry, Aishah Latif, Katharine G Warburton
For many who pertain to particular theological paradigms, their faith cannot be compartmentalised, but is mobilised to inform all aspects of their being, most notably their ethical and moral persuasions. As clinicians, the concept that there are good and bad deaths is already known; understanding the origin and depth of non-physical suffering, and aiming to alleviate it is not possible without learning the individual experiences and beliefs that go with it. Spiritual care forms a fundamental consideration in the endeavor to address the holistic experience of those patients receiving palliative care...
February 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433404/the-characteristics-of-hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-in-korean-women-who-visited-a-community-based-gynaecology-hospital-for-sexual-dysfunction
#12
Ho Ju Yun, Hyun Hee Cho
This cross-sectional study analysed the characteristics of HSDD (hypoactive sexual desire disorder) in Korean women. Two hundred and seventeen women seen for sexual dysfunction were assessed using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Revised (DMS IV-TR) and the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). A diagnosis of HSDD was more common in women in their 40 s (56%), who had previously undergone surgery for a feeling of 'wide vagina'. Both too much or too little sexual activity caused HSDD...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433369/postpartum-thromboprophylaxis-in-a-multireligious-cohort-a-retrospective-review-of-indications-and-uptake
#13
Hian Yan Voon, Ming Cheng Chai, Ling Yien Hii, Rafaie Amin, Haris Njoo Suharjono
Strategies to prevent mortality from obstetric venous thromboembolism begin with identification, risk stratification and subsequently, implementation of prophylactic measures. We sought to identify the burden of pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis in postpartum women, including the main clinical indications and its uptake in a multireligious population, with Islam as the official religion. A total of 2514 deliveries between 1st January to 31st December 2016, across three centres in Malaysia were reviewed retrospectively from hospital-based registries...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428188/-i-m-not-a-spiritual-person-how-hope-might-facilitate-conversations-about-spirituality-among-teens-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#14
Krysta S Barton, Tyler Tate, Nancy Lau, Karen B Taliesin, Elisha D Waldman, Abby R Rosenberg
CONTEXT: Supporting patients' spiritual needs is central to palliative care. Adolescents and Young Adults (AYAs) may be developing their spiritual identities; it is unclear how to navigate conversations concerning their spiritual needs. OBJECTIVES: To (1) describe spiritual narratives among AYAs based on their self-identification as religious, spiritual, both, or neither; and, (2) identify language to support AYA spiritual needs in keeping with their self-identities...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423645/the-inverse-u-shaped-religion-health-connection-among-israeli-jews
#15
Shuli Brammli-Greenberg, Jacob Glazer, Ephraim Shapiro
A growing body of evidence indicates an association between religion and health. However, few have studied the connection between the extent of an individual's religiosity and his health. Analysis of the 2004 Israel National Health Survey was performed. Religiosity was self-identified using five continuous categories, distinctive to Israeli Jews. Bivariate and multivariate analyses examined the relationship between the extent of Religious commitment and several health outcomes. The relationship took the shape of an inverse U function: Israeli Jews in the middle religiously have the worst physical and mental health status on both unadjusted and adjusted bases...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423362/subjective-well-being-among-latino-day-laborers-examining-the-role-of-religiosity-social-networks-and-cigarette-use
#16
Javier F Boyas, Pamela Valera, Erika Ruiz
Background: Latino day laborers (LDLs) experience chronic stressors, that adversely affects their subjective well-being (SWB). The purpose of the study was to determine whether LDLs' sociodemographic characteristics, religiosity, social networks, and cigarette use were significantly associated with SWB. Methods: AApproximately 150 LDLs from 4 informal day laborer sites in Dallas and Arlington, Texas, participated in the cross-sectional survey. Informed consent was obtained from all participants and data on SWB were collected face-to-face from April 2013 through July 2013...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423177/immunization-practices-in-low-birth-weight-infants-from-rural-haryana-india-findings-from-secondary-data-analysis
#17
Ravi Prakash Upadhyay, Ranadip Chowdhury, Sarmila Mazumder, Sunita Taneja, Bireshwar Sinha, Jose Martines, Rajiv Bahl, Nita Bhandari, Maharaj Kishan Bhan
Background: Low birth weight (LBW) infants constitute a vulnerable subset of infants with impaired immunity in early life. In India, there is scarcity of studies that focus on immunization practices in such infants. This analysis aimed to examine immunization practices in LBW infants with the intention to identify areas requiring intervention. Methods: Data on immunization status of LBW infants enrolled in an individually randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled trial of neonatal vitamin A supplementation were analysed...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422184/health-promoting-lifestyles-and-their-related-influences-among-nursing-assistants-in-nursing-homes-in-china
#18
Lixia Chen, Jing Zhang, Wei Fu
OBJECTIVE: The aims are to assess the health-promoting lifestyle status of nursing assistants in nursing homes in China and explore the roles of demographic, health conception, perceived health behavior self-efficacy, and job satisfaction in health-promoting lifestyles. METHOD: Using a cross-sectional descriptive design and convenience sampling, 285 nursing assistants from different nursing homes in Hangzhou were investigated using the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II, Self-Rated Abilities for Health Practice Scale, Health Conception Scale, Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire, and a demographic questionnaire to measure their health-promoting lifestyle status...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421938/uncertainty-of-parents-with-children-undergoing-herniorrhaphy
#19
Kai-Wei K Wang, I-Hung Chen, Marcelo Chen
This study reports the association between parental uncertainty and characteristics of 123 parent-child dyads prior to the child's herniorrhaphy. A cross-sectional study design and Mishel's Parents' Perception of Uncertainty Scale (PPUS) were used. Parent participants were married (98%), had a university degree (45%), identified with a religion (77%), and worked (69%). More boys (76%) than girls (23%) underwent herniorrhaphy (average age = 2.26 years); 60% were the first-born child and 25% were premature. More children presented with unilateral (63...
March 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417729/stress-and-coping-mechanisms-among-adolescents-living-in-orphanages-an-experience-from-klang-valley-malaysia
#20
Marjan Mohammadzadeh, Hamidin Awang, Suriani Ismail, Hayati Kadir Shahar
INTRODUCTION: Health issues often differ from one population to another. Assessing different aspects of the health condition is a vital step toward developing and designing appropriate prevention and treatment programs to reduce health problems in any group or population. This study aimed to assess both the prevalence of stress and the coping mechanisms as well as identify the predictors of stress levels among adolescents in Malaysian orphanages. METHODS: Overall, 307 male and female adolescents (aged 13-18 y old) living in 9 private orphanages located in Klang Valley, Malaysia, participated in this cross-sectional study...
February 7, 2018: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
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