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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544975/-spiritual-but-not-religious-cognition-schizotypy-and-conversion-in-alternative-beliefs
#1
Aiyana K Willard, Ara Norenzayan
The spiritual but not religious (SBNR) are a growing population in secularizing societies. Yet, we know little about the underlying psychology of this group or their belief profile. Based on an individual difference approach, we address this knowledge gap by comparing SBNR with religious and non-religious participants. In a sample of Americans (n=1013), we find that the SBNR differ from non-religious and religious participants in a number of ways. SBNR participants are more likely to hold paranormal beliefs and to have an experiential relationship to the supernatural (e...
May 22, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541787/ethics-and-oncofertility-a-call-for-religious-sensitivity
#2
Michele R Hanselin, Deborah L Roybal, Thomas B Leininger
For patients of reproductive age, treating cancer may come at the price of infertility. Literature regarding fertility preservation recommendations in this population has increased significantly, but this literature too often overlooks or insufficiently considers the relevance of religious preferences. Similarly, practice guidelines do not address the role of religion in the oncofertility discussion. The acceptance of oncofertility practices varies significantly among Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. A patient's faith-based spirituality or secular morality may enhance his or her interpretation of the meaning of illness and should be incorporated into the informed-consent process...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541496/reason-and-paradox-in-medical-and-family-law-shaping-children-s-bodies
#3
Brian D Earp, Jennifer Hendry, Michael Thomson
Legal outcomes often depend on the adjudication of what may appear to be straightforward distinctions. In this article, we consider two such distinctions that appear in medical and family law deliberations: the distinction between religion and culture and between therapeutic and non-therapeutic. These distinctions can impact what constitutes 'reasonable parenting' or a child's 'best interests' and thus the limitations that may be placed on parental actions. Such distinctions are often imagined to be asocial facts, there for the judge to discover...
May 24, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541104/from-staff-nurse-to-nurse-consultant-spiritual-care-part-2-holistic-health-and-religion
#4
John Fowler
John Fowler, educational consultant and part-time university chaplain, examines the role of clinically based nurses in caring for the spiritual needs of patients.
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540750/neurobiology-of-emotions-an-update
#5
Vanderson Esperidião-Antonio, Marilia Majeski-Colombo, Diana Toledo-Monteverde, Glaciele Moraes-Martins, Juliana José Fernandes, Marjorie Bauchiglioni de Assis, Stefânia Montenegro, Rodrigo Siqueira-Batista
The 'nature' of emotions is one of the archaic themes of Western thought, thematized in different cultural manifestations - such as art, science, philosophy, myths and religion -, since Ancient times. In the last decades, the advances in neurosciences have permitted the construction of hypotheses that explain emotions, especially through the studies involving the limbic system. To present an updated discussion about the neurobiology of processes relating to emotions - focusing (1) on the main neural structures that relate to emotions, (2) the paths and circuits of greater relevance, (3) the implicated neurotransmitters, (4) the connections that possess neurovegetative control and (5) the discussion about the main emotions - is the objective of this present article...
May 25, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538657/social-support-religious-involvement-and-alcohol-use-among-students-at-a-conservative-religious-university
#6
Wendy E Thompson
The misuse of alcohol among college students remains a significant public health concern in the United States. Excessive drinking among college students has been linked to numerous negative consequences, including rape, impaired academic performance, absenteeism from work and school and damaged social relations. This study examined whether religious involvement and social support played a role in reducing the frequency of alcohol use. A non-random convenience sample of 364 students from a larger study of 760 college students-18 years old and older-were recruited over a 2 month period...
May 24, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535708/perceived-determinants-to-alcohol-consumption-and-misuse-a-survey-of-university-students
#7
Nicholas Muli, Briege M Lagan
AIM: Before an attempt is made to develop any population-specific behavioural change programme, it is important to know what the factors that influence behaviours are. The aim of this study was to identify what are the perceived determinants that attribute to young people's choices to both consume and misuse alcohol. METHOD: Using a descriptive survey design, a web-based questionnaire based on the Theory of Triadic Influence was administered to students aged 18-29 years at one university in Northern Ireland...
May 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533198/chlamydia-and-hiv-testing-contraception-advice-and-free-condoms-offered-in-general-practice-a-qualitative-interview-study-of-young-adults-perceptions-of-this-initiative
#8
Leah Ffion Jones, Ellie Ricketts, Katy Town, Claire Rugman, Donna Lecky, Kate Folkard, Anthony Nardone, Thomas Nathan Hartney, Cliodna McNulty
BACKGROUND: Opportunistic chlamydia screening is actively encouraged in English general practices. Based on recent policy changes, Public Health England piloted 3Cs and HIV in 2013-2014, integrating the offer of chlamydia testing with providing condoms, contraceptive information, and HIV testing (referred to as 3Cs and HIV) according to national guidelines. AIM: To determine young adults' opinions of receiving a broader sexual health offer of 3Cs and HIV at their GP practice...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532490/prevalence-and-determinants-of-childhood-mortality-in-nigeria
#9
Sanni Yaya, Michael Ekholuenetale, Godson Tudeme, Shah Vaibhav, Ghose Bishwajit, Bernard Kadio
BACKGROUND: Childhood mortality has remained a major challenge to public health amongst families in Nigeria and other developing countries. The menace of incessant childhood mortality has been a major concern and this calls for studies to generate new scientific evidence to determine its prevalence and explore predisposing factors associated with it in Nigeria. METHOD: Data was obtained from Nigeria DHS, 2013. The study outcome variable was the total number of children lost by male partners and female partners respectively who were married...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524739/personal-values-as-a-mediator-of-relations-between-perceived-parental-support-and-control-and-youth-substance-use
#10
Gabriella Borca, Emanuela Rabaglietti, Antonella Roggero, Peggy Keller, Eric Haak, Tatiana Begotti
BACKGROUND: Tobacco and marijuana smoking are very popular in adolescence and there is a high rate of comorbidity between them, even in young adulthood. Parental support and control may hinder involvement in the use of these substances by promoting conventional values among adolescents. OBJECTIVES: The present study investigates the relations between family functioning (parental support and control) and psychoactive substance use (tobacco and marijuana smoking) and determines whether these relationships are mediated by personal values (in terms of disapproval of deviance and beliefs about the importance of school, health and religion)...
May 19, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523265/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-erectile-dysfunction-among-married-men-in-vietnam
#11
Thang Van Vo, Hue Dinh Hoang, Nhan Phuc Thanh Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Sexuality is an essential part of life; however, erectile dysfunction (ED) has been one of the most common complaints among men with sexual health issues all over the world. ED includes dysfunction in erection and penile erectile pain. In Vietnam, ED is a subject a not readily discussed. Thus, relatively little is known about ED among Vietnamese men. AIMS: To identify the prevalence of ED and its associated variables and the need for treatment of ED among married men in Vietnam...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521599/religious-involvement-and-happiness-assessing-the-mediating-role-of-compassion-and-helping-others
#12
Neal Krause, Gail Ironson, Peter Hill
Research reveals that a number of different aspects of religious involvement are associated with happiness. However, researchers have yet to provide an overarching theoretical explanation for how multiple dimensions of religion might be associated with happiness. The purpose of this study is to develop and test a conceptual model that includes the following core hypotheses: (1) people who attend worship services more often tend to be more committed to their faith; (2) people who are more committed to their faith are more likely to be compassionate; (3) compassionate individuals are more likely to provide emotional support to significant others; and (4) people who provide support to others tend to be happier...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516938/keep-doors-open-for-constructive-dialogue-between-religion-and-science
#13
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508403/physiochemical-and-functional-properties-of-chum-salmon-oncorhynchus-keta-skin-gelatin-extracted-at-different-temperatures
#14
Yang Liu, Lining Xia, Hui Jia, Qi Li, Wengang Jin, Xiuping Dong, Jinfeng Pan
BACKGROUND: Aquatic source gelatins are gaining more attention due to the advantages in safety and religion acceptability compared with mammalian source ones. For understanding extracting temperature effects on gelatins from chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) skins (GCSS), gelatins were extracted at temperatures from 40 to 90 °C and the physiochemical properties of GCSS were investigated. RESULTS: GCSS yield increased while imino acids content declined as the increase of temperature...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505600/god-imagery-and-affective-outcomes-in-a-spiritually-integrative-inpatient-program
#15
Joseph M Currier, Joshua D Foster, Alexis D Abernethy, Charlotte V O Witvliet, Lindsey M Root Luna, Katharine M Putman, Sarah A Schnitker, Karl VanHarn, Janet Carter
Religion and/or spirituality (R/S) can play a vital, multifaceted role in mental health. While beliefs about God represent the core of many psychiatric patients' meaning systems, research has not examined how internalized images of the divine might contribute to outcomes in treatment programs/settings that emphasize multicultural sensitivity with R/S. Drawing on a combination of qualitative and quantitative information with a religiously heterogeneous sample of 241 adults who completed a spiritually integrative inpatient program over a two-year period, this study tested direct/indirect associations between imagery of how God views oneself, religious comforts and strains, and affective outcomes (positive and negative)...
May 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503641/the-role-of-a-nurse-specialist-in-palliative-care-an-israeli-experience
#16
Suzanne Csorba
Given the severe shortage of physicians in Israel, the Ministry of Health issued a decree that offered advanced authority and responsibilities to experienced nurses; thus, the status of the nurse specialist (NS) was created. The role of NS in Israel is truly varied, incorporating many different facets that range from stabilizing to changing the existing palliative care (PC) orders, including those involving dosages and methods of care provision, issuing of repeat prescriptions, suspending drug treatment, and prescribing new drugs for a patient according to a protocol issued by a physician...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502024/the-relationship-between-religious-beliefs-and-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Fatemeh Vizehfar, Azita Jaberi
Patients with chronic diseases, such as multiple sclerosis (MS), are prone to emotional distresses and reduction in life quality more than others. This study aimed to assess the relationship between religious beliefs and quality of life among patients with MS. In this study, 145 MS patients completed 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the Duke University Religion Index (DUREL) questionnaires. The results indicated that unorganized religious activities were significantly associated with marital status and education level...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499564/socio-demographic-and-psychological-correlates-of-posttraumatic-growth-among-korean-americans-with-a-history-of-traumatic-life-experiences
#18
Gyeong-Suk Jeon, So-Young Park, Kunsook S Bernstein
This study examined socio-demographic and psychological correlates of posttraumatic growth (PTG) among Korean Americans (KAs) with traumatic life experiences. A total of 286 KAs were included. Being a woman or having a lower annual household income had positive associations with PTG, while having no religion had a negative association with it. In addition, praying and visiting a mental health professional for coping with stress or for psychological problems was positively associated with PTG. Higher resilience scores increased PTG, while depressive symptoms decreased it...
June 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498999/the-effect-of-religion-and-spirituality-on-cognitive-function-a-systematic-review
#19
Shera Hosseini, Ashok Chaurasia, Mark Oremus
Purpose of the Study: The maintenance of cognitive health is an important component of healthy aging. Abnormal cognitive decline can signal the onset of dementing disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Normal cognitive decline can also adversely affect the health of aging populations. We investigated the association between religious/spiritual involvement (R/SI) and cognitive function in adults of any age and any setting. We also examined whether social engagement acts as a mediator or moderator of the effect of R/SI on cognitive function, and whether the association between R/SI and cognitive function differs according to how each of these constructs is measured...
May 12, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498765/courses-in-religion-and-public-health
#20
Ellen Idler, Doug Oman, Mimi Kiser, Carol Hogue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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