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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667073/spirituality-experiences-in-hemophilia-patients-a-phenomenological-study
#1
Masoume Rambod, Farkhondeh Sharif, Zahra Molazem, Kate Khair
Spirituality plays an important role in coping with chronic diseases. However, the meaning of spirituality is not known in hemophilia, as a chronic disease. This study aimed to explore the essence of spirituality in hemophilia patients. This qualitative study with a hermeneutic phenomenological approach was conducted on twelve Muslim adult hemophilia patients. The participants were selected using purposeful sampling. The data were gathered through interview. Then, the data were analyzed using thematic analysis and van Manen's methodological framework...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666138/increase-in-assisted-suicide-in-switzerland-did-the-socioeconomic-predictors-change-results-from-the-swiss-national-cohort
#2
Nicole Steck, Christoph Junker, Marcel Zwahlen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the strong increase in assisted suicides in Switzerland since 2008 is linked to a shift in the socioeconomic factors associated with assisted suicide and its related diagnoses. METHODS: In a population-based longitudinal study, we investigated assisted suicides in Switzerland over the period 2003-2014. Two groups of younger (25-64 years) and older (65-94 years) persons were analysed separately and compared. We calculated crude rates and used Cox proportional hazard and logistic regression models to examine associations of assisted dying with gender, marital status, education, religion, neighbourhood socioeconomic status and other variables, and investigated trends over time...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665856/job-satisfaction-and-associated-factors-among-health-professionals-working-at-western-amhara-region-ethiopia
#3
Kalkidan Temesgen, Moges Wubie Aycheh, Cheru Tesema Leshargie
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia assuring the satisfaction of health care provider with their job is a major challenging problem. Job satisfaction is a worker's emotional response to different job related factors resulting in finding pleasure, comfort, confidence, rewards, personal growth and various positive opportunities, including upward mobility, recognition, and appraisal done on a merit pattern with monetary value as compensation. Professionals, whose needs and expectations are satisfied, tend to be more productive compared to their colleagues...
April 17, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665831/sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-utilization-and-associated-factors-among-secondary-school-students-in-nekemte-town-ethiopia
#4
Wakgari Binu, Taklu Marama, Mulusew Gerbaba, Melese Sinaga
BACKGROUND: Despite policy actions and strategic efforts made to promote sexual and reproductive health service uptake of youths in Ethiopia, its utilization remains very low and little information was found on the extent to which school youths utilize available reproductive health services in Nekempt town. This study was aimed to assess utilization of Sexual and Reproduactive Health (SRH) services and its associated factors among secondary school students in Nekemte town, Ethiopia. METHOD: A school based cross-sectional study design was conducted from April 18 to 22, 2016...
April 17, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665740/examining-the-contributions-of-disability-to-suicidality-in-the-context-of-depression-symptoms-and-other-sociodemographic-factors
#5
Emily M Lund, Michael R Nadorff, Katie B Thomas, Kate Galbraith
We examined the contribution of disability status to suicidality when accounting for depression and sociodemographic risk factors in 438 American adults, 82 (18.7%) of whom identified as having disabilities. Participants with disabilities had significantly higher depression scores and were more likely to be unemployed and unpartnered, all of which were also associated with increased suicidality. However, disability remained a significant predictor of suicidality even when depression and sociodemographic risk factors were accounted for in a linear regression...
January 1, 2018: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663432/perceived-peer-and-school-norm-effects-on-youth-antisocial-and-prosocial-behaviours-through-intergroup-contact-in-northern-ireland
#6
Shelley McKeown, Laura K Taylor
In adolescence, youth spend a high proportion of their time with their peers and in school; it is hardly surprising therefore that perceptions of peer and school norms have a strong influence on their attitudes and behaviours. These norms, however, do not always influence youth in the same way. Building on past research, the present study examines the role of peer norms and school norms in influencing the quantity and quality of intergroup contact, as well as the impact of such contact on positive and negative intergroup behaviours...
April 16, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661749/a-website-supporting-sensitive-religious-and-cultural-advance-care-planning-acptalk-formative-and-summative-evaluation
#7
Amanda Pereira-Salgado, Patrick Mader, Clare O'Callaghan, Leanne Boyd
BACKGROUND: Advance care planning (ACP) promotes conversations about future health care needs, enacted if a person is incapable of making decisions at end-of-life that may be communicated through written documentation such as advance care directives. To meet the needs of multicultural and multifaith populations in Australia, an advance care planning website, ACPTalk, was funded to support health professionals in conducting conversations within diverse religious and cultural populations...
April 16, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661345/dass21-a-useful-tool-in-the-psychological-profile-evaluation-of-dialysis-patients
#8
Wen Jiun Liu, Ramli Musa, Thian Fook Chew, Christopher Thiam Seong Lim, Zaki Morad, Mohamad Adam Bin Bujang
BACKGROUND: The effect of dialysis treatment is complex, with both clinical and socio-psychological effects. In this study, we aimed to assess the psychological status of this growing population of end-stage renal disease. METHODS: Using the Short Form of Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS21) questionnaire, we aimed (1) to measure the psychological states of hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD) subjects from 15 sites, (2) to compare DASS21 scores between HD and PD, and (3) to identify the associated demographic and medical factors of better psychological states...
April 2018: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657685/nurses-perceptions-of-spirituality-and-spiritual-care-at-five-tertiary-care-hospitals-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Bayan Kaddourah, Amani Abu-Shaheen, Mohamad Al-Tannir
Objectives: To identify the perceptions towards spirituality and spiritual care among nurses at tertiary care hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on nurses at five tertiary care hospitals in Riyadh. The data were collected using the Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale (SSCRS). Results: We recruited 978 nurses, of which 896 (91.6%) were female. The mean SSCRS score was 3.8±0.5 (the spirituality and spiritual care statements fell within the 'agree' category)...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657563/influence-of-culture-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-its-treatment
#10
REVIEW
Humberto Nicolini, Rafael Salin-Pascual, Brenda Cabrera, Nuria Lanzagorta
Background: The aspects of cultural identity and its impact on obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have been un-derstudied. There are different opinions, ranging from the idea that culture does not affect the symptoms of this condition to the idea that cultures with high religiosity may have more severity of OCD. Also, the concept of OCD has considerably var-ied across history and cultures, from being considered an issue related to lack of control of blasphemous ideas, and a part of anxious issues, to the description of complex neurobiological systems in its causation...
December 2017: Current Psychiatry Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656217/religiosity-and-interpersonal-problems-explain-individual-differences-in-self-esteem-among-young-adults-with-child-maltreatment-experiences
#11
Jonathan C Waldron, Angela Scarpa, Jungmeen Kim-Spoon
Child maltreatment can have a lasting impact, which is why it is important to understand factors that may exacerbate or mitigate self-esteem difficulties in adulthood. Although there is tremendous benefit that can come from religion and spirituality, few studies examine religious views after child maltreatment. Subsequent interpersonal difficulties may also affect self-esteem in maltreatment survivors. This study sought to examine interpersonal problems and religiosity as mediators in the link between childhood maltreatment and self-esteem in adulthood...
April 12, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649908/invisible-realities-caring-for-older-moroccan-migrants-with-dementia-in-belgium
#12
Saloua Berdai Chaouni, Liesbeth De Donder
The number of older Moroccan migrants reaching the age of high risk for dementia is increasing in Belgium. Yet no study has been performed to explore how Moroccan families facing dementia experience and manage the condition. The study employed a qualitative design using semi-structured interviews with 12 informal and 13 formal caregivers to answer this research question. Findings indicate that the experience of dementia includes several invisible realities that challenge the informal and formal caregivers: (1) the invisibility of dementia as a condition; (2) the invisible subtleties of the informal care execution; (3) the invisibility and inaccessibility of care services as explanation for these family's non-use of available services; and (4) the overlooking of culture, migration and religion as invisible influencers of the overall dementia experience...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649886/cultural-adaptations-to-the-measurement-of-attitudes-to-ageing-psychometric-assessment-of-the-malay-reactions-to-ageing-questionnaire
#13
Farah Nadia M Faudzi, Christopher J Armitage, Christina Bryant, Laura J E Brown
The aims of this study were to culturally adapt the Reactions to Ageing Questionnaire (RAQ) for a non-Western (Malay) population, and explore attitudes to ageing in relation to age, gender, and education. Eight new culturally relevant items were generated by asking Malay-speaking participants about their reactions to ageing. A Malay version of the extended 35-item RAQ was then administered to 911 Malaysian participants aged 18 to 60 years. Exploratory factor analysis revealed four factors. Three of the factors were similar to those identified in the original RAQ, while "Family and Religion" emerged as a new factor...
April 1, 2018: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649367/religion-as-an-exchange-system-the-interchangeability-of-god-and-government-in-a-provider-role
#14
Miron Zuckerman, Chen Li, Ed Diener
An exchange model of religion implies that if a secular entity such as government provides what people need, they will be less likely to seek help from supernatural entities. Controlling for quality of life and income inequality (Gini), we found that better government services were related to lower religiosity among countries (Study 1) and states in the United States (Study 2). Study 2 also showed that during 2008-2013, better government services in a specific year predicted lower religiosity 1 to 2 years later...
April 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643820/the-attribution-of-mental-health-problems-to-jinn-an-explorative-study-in-a-transcultural-psychiatric-outpatient-clinic
#15
Anastasia Lim, Hans W Hoek, Samrad Ghane, Mathijs Deen, Jan Dirk Blom
Background: Among Muslim patients, a common cultural concept of distress is the notion that jinn may be the cause of mental health problems, especially in the presence of hallucinations. Objective: This study examines the frequency with which this attribution style is manifest in a specific psychiatric outpatient population with a Muslim background. Methods: Of all patients registered at an outpatient clinic specialized in transcultural psychiatry, data were collected on folk belief, religion, hallucinations (if present), and medical diagnosis...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629982/end-of-life-care-in-icus-in-east-asia-a-comparison-among-china-korea-and-japan
#16
So Young Park, Jason Phua, Masaji Nishimura, Yiyun Deng, Yan Kang, Keiichi Tada, Younsuck Koh
OBJECTIVES: To compare physicians' perceptions and practice of end-of-life care in the ICU in three East Asian countries cultures similarly rooted in Confucianism. DESIGN: A structured and scenario-based survey of physicians who managed ICU patients from May 2012 to December 2012. SETTING: ICUs in China, Korea, and Japan. SUBJECTS: Specialists who are either intensivists or nonintensivist primary attending physicians in charge of patients (195 in China, 186 in Korea, 224 in Japan)...
April 6, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628901/defending-oneself-from-tourists-the-counter-environmental-bubble
#17
Michela Cortini, Daniela Converso
According to the Environmental Bubble Theory, tourists perform a series of strategies in order to remain anchored to their residential spots. The environmental bubble is constituted by a sort of social pellicule able to immunize tourists from the identity/cultural attacks which the visit to a foreign country implies. Such a pellicule is activated by the tourists themselves as they decide to travel in group or, for example, to eat only at the restaurants proposing their own national cuisine, and so on. Generally the potential cultural shock of residents is not taken into consideration in literature, even if it is plausibile to make the hypothesis of a counter-environmental bubble performed by the residents in order to defend their own culture and their identity from the attacks of mass tourism, especially for cities that live on tourism, as, for example, Florence or Siena do...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625870/the-association-between-spiritual-well-being-and-burnout-in-intensive-care-unit-nurses-a-descriptive-study
#18
Hyun Sook Kim, Hye-Ah Yeom
OBJECTIVES: To describe the spiritual well-being and burnout of intensive care unit nurses and examine the relationship between these factors. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. The participants were 318 intensive care unit recruited from three university hospitals in South Korea. The survey questionnaire included demographic information, work-related characteristics and end-of-life care experience, along with the Spiritual Well-Being Scale and Burnout Questionnaire...
April 3, 2018: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623797/transforming-chaplaincy-requires-transforming-clinical-pastoral-education
#19
Judith R Ragsdale
Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE) is a process focused on developing students' personal integration. Outcomes for CPE need to expand to reflect current research in religion and spirituality because religion and spirituality impacts coping, meaning making, decision-making, and health care outcomes. Focusing CPE outcomes on religious/spiritual beliefs and practices used by patients will equip chaplains to provide research-informed spiritual care for families and discipline-specific information for the interdisciplinary team...
March 2018: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623776/some-comparative-psychiatric-studies-in-the-19th-century
#20
Birk Engmann, Holger Steinberg
This article analyses 19th-century publications which dealt with the social and cultural aspects of psychiatric disorders in different parts of the world. Systematic reviews were conducted of three German medical journals, one Russian medical journal, and a relevant monograph. All these archives were published in the 19th century. Our work highlights the fact that long before Kraepelin, several, mostly forgotten, publications had already discussed cultural aspects, social conditions, the influence of religion, the influence of climate, and also "race" as a trigger or amplifier of psychiatric diseases...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
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