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Theola Potgieter, Johanna E Maree
AIMS: To describe what motivates cancer patients, treated at a private cancer care centre in Port Elizabeth, South Africa, to undergo palliative chemotherapy and how the patients and their families experienced this treatment. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative design was used. Researchers conducted 22 in-depth interviews with 11 purposively selected patients and 11 family members nominated by the patients. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the data...
June 2, 2018: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
Portia Johnson, Yvonne Wesley, Lynda Arnold, Lois Greene
This article conveys the authors' perspectives and insights gained during the development and implementation of their experience with a community-based intervention designed to address obesity among Black women. The reader gets a look at the authors' personal weight struggles, as the intervention they designed to help others transformed their lives as well as the participants. The authors also shared their perspectives on the impact of religion and spirituality on healthy lifestyles.
July 2017: Journal of National Black Nurses' Association: JNBNA
Marilena Vitale, Emanuela Racca, Arianna Izzo, Angela Giacco, Eugenio Parente, Gabriele Riccardi, Rosalba Giacco
We developed and validated a tool assessing the adherence to the Mediterranean diet based on current nutritional recommendations for health promotion (MEDI-Quest). Four-hundred-and-eleven clinically healthy subjects completed both the MEDI-Quest-score and the validated MedDietScore (MDS). A good accordance between MEDI-Quest and MDS was observed (R = 0.638), as well as for the percentage of individuals having similar scores with both methods for each food group. Regarding socio-cultural-factors, higher adherence was observed in people with older-age (OR = 1...
June 21, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Dorcey L Applyrs, Edith M Williams, Trevor D Faith, Diane L Kamen, Elizabeth Vazques, Janine M Jurkowski
Objective: This study investigated the association among corticosteroids, emotional health, physical health, and work/regular activities of daily living in an ethnically diverse sample of women with systemic lupus erythematosus. Methods: A secondary analysis of data from the Medical University of South Carolina Lupus Database was conducted between confirmed cases of lupus (n = 224) and controls (n = 60). The sample comprised 57 Caucasian Americans, 141 Gullah African Americans (a subpopulation of African Americans from the Sea Islands of South Carolina and Georgia), and 86 non-Gullah African Americans...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
John P Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Research on the association between cohabitation and substance use has been inconsistent, with some studies indicating an elevated risk among cohabiters and others finding either no difference in risk or a reduced risk of substance use. However, studies of this association have not utilized a causal modeling empirical framework. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research was to assess whether cohabitation has a causal effect on two forms of substance use among young adults: marijuana and heavy alcohol use...
June 20, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Ipsa Mohapatra, Adrija Roy
INTRODUCTION: Breast milk provides nutritional, immunological, behavioral, and economic benefits and helps to build mother-infant bonding. Antenatal mothers need to be sufficiently aware about the benefits of breastfeeding. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the awareness and perception of breastfeeding among antenatal mothers and to find out any association between sociodemographic factors and breastfeeding awareness. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 250 antenatal women residing in the urban slums of field-practice area of urban health and training center; using a predesigned, pretested, semi-structured interview schedule...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Celestine Mun Ting Yeo, Huang Fang, Thilagamangai, Serena Siew Lin Koh, Shefaly Shorey
AIM: To understand factors that influence women's decisions to go for Pap smears. BACKGROUND: Globally, cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women. In Singapore, cervical cancer is on the rise and has been found to be the eighth highest cause of death among women. Research has shown that regular screening for cervical cancer with Pap smear reduces cervical cancer related mortality. However, Pap smear awareness is still limited and its uptake in Singapore is highly opportunistic, requiring the need for a deeper understanding of the factors that influence Pap smear uptake among women in Singapore...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Giovanni Antonetti, Daniela D'Angelo, Paola Scampati, Ileana Croci, Narciso Mostarda, Saverio Potenza, Rosaria Alvaro
INTRODUCTION: Health care in prisons represents an important part of public health due to the interaction between prisons and society. Women prisoners have needs that distinguish them from male prisoners, however little is known about how those needs are met. The aim of the study was to gather information about the needs of women in prison and to identify which of their needs are the most or the least met. METHODS: This study investigated the needs of detained women using a newly developed Questionnaire based on Gordon's model...
April 2018: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Nahed A Makhlouf, Shaimaa Arafat Abdel-Monem, Ahlam Mohamed Farghaly, Ahmed Helmy
BACKGROUND: In Egypt, there is no legislation for deceased donor transplant; therefore, programs provide living donation only. One possible barrier against living liver donation may be the attitude of the health-care professional. This study aimed to (1) assess the level of knowledge and attitude toward liver donation and transplantation among health-care professional in an University Hospital in Upper Egypt and (2) analyze the variables that affect such an attitude. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey study with 300 health-care professionals...
January 1, 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Sedigheh Khanjari, Marjan Damghanifar, Hamid Haqqani
Background: Leukemia is a life-threatening chronic disease for children. The recurrence of the disease causes tension and reduces the quality of life for the family, especially for mothers. Religion is an important humanitarian aspect of holistic care that can be very effective in determining the health level of the patient and the family members. The present study aims at investigating the role of religious coping (RCOPE) in the quality of life for mothers of children with recurrent leukemia...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
John Michael Madonna
The following is a discussion of the issue of religious faith on the part of the analyst, in terms of how it comes to bear on the psychological treatment of patients who have faith and some who do not. A consideration, and refutation, of Freud's position on religion and his belief in a supreme being as an illusion will be conducted, along with subsequent analytic thinking on this matter. The author's personal experience will be described, and how he is affirmed and sometimes challenged by the various clinical situations in which he finds himself...
June 2018: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
Lydia Namuyimbwa, Collins Atuheire, Joel Okullo, Robert Kalyesubula
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is global health concern and priority. It is the 12th leading cause of death worldwide. Protein Energy Wasting occurs in 20-25% of patients with chronic kidney disease and can lead to a high morbidity and mortality rate. We determined the prevalence of protein energy wasting and factors associated among patients with chronic kidney disease at Mulago National Referral Hospital, Kampala, Uganda. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study recruiting 182 (89 non-CKD patients and 93 CKD patients) consecutively from the outpatient clinic and wards on New Mulago Hospital complex...
June 14, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Leslie A Rescorla, Mary C Blumenfeld, Masha Y Ivanova, Thomas M Achenbach, International Aseba Consortium
Our objective was to examine international similarities and differences in the Dysregulation Profile (DP) of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), Teacher's Report Form (TRF), and Youth Self-Report (YSR) via comparisons of data from many societies. Primary samples were those studied by Rescorla et al. (2012): CBCL: N = 69,866, 42 societies; YSR: N = 38,070, 34 societies; TRF: N = 37,244, 27 societies. Omnicultural Q correlations of items composing the DP (from the Anxious/Depressed, Attention Problems, and Aggressive Behavior syndromes) indicated considerable consistency across diverse societies with respect to which of the DP items tended to receive low, medium, or high ratings, whether ratings were provided by parents (M Q = ...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Colleen M Ryan, Austin Lee, Frederick J Stoddard, Nien Chen Li, Jeffrey C Schneider, Gabriel D Shapiro, Cornelia L Griggs, Chao Wang, Tina Palmieri, Walter J Meyer, Frank S Pidcock, Debra Reilly, Robert L Sheridan, Lewis E Kazis, Ronald G Tompkins
Long-term functional outcomes in young adults with facial burns remain poorly studied. This 5-year (2003-2008) prospective multicenter study includes burn survivors (age 19-30 years) who completed the Young Adult Burn Outcome Questionnaire (YABOQ) from 0 to 36 months after baseline survey administration. A composite canonical score was developed from 15 YABOQ domains using discriminant analysis, maximizing the difference at the baseline between burn-injured patients with face involved and not involved. A generalized linear model with the generalized estimation equation technique was used to track the changing pattern of the composite score over time...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Alison Searle
The relationship between pain as a physical and emotional experience and the concept of suffering as an essential aspect of sanctification for faithful believers was a paradoxical and pressing theological and phenomenological issue for puritan and non-conformist communities in 17th-century England. Pain allows the paradox of non-conformists' valorisation and suppression of corporeality to be explored due to its simultaneous impact on the mind and body and its tendency to leak across boundaries separating an individual believer from other members of their family or faith community...
June 2018: Medical Humanities
Wyona M Freysteinson
The will is a word that nurses may use to describe their patients' actions or inactions. This concept has been extensively addressed by religions, psychologists, and philosophers. Ricoeur offered a phenomenology of the will in which three overarching key concepts were uncovered: decision, action, and consent. In this article, Ricoeur's elaborative and exhaustive description of these three concepts is summarized. Examples as to how a phenomenology of the will may guide nurses in their day-to-day clinical practice in caring are provided...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
Mahesh Srinivasan, Elizabeth Kaplan, Audun Dahl
Conflicts arise when members of one religion apply their norms to members of another religion. Two studies explored how one hundred 9- to 15-year-old Hindu and Muslim children from India reason about the scope of religious norms. Both Hindus and Muslims from a diverse Hindu-Muslim school (Study 1) and Hindus from a homogeneous Hindu school (Study 2) more often judged it wrong for Hindus to violate Hindu norms, compared to Muslim norms, and said the opposite for Muslims. In contrast, children judged it wrong for both Hindus and Muslims to harm others...
June 13, 2018: Child Development
Sophie Cj Dunin De Skrzynno, Francesco Di Maggio
Surgical consent is one of the pillars of ethical conduct in Western world surgical practice. Recent studies have described the consenting processes for clinical trials in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), but only a few have explored its practice before surgical procedures. The recent World Medical Association (WMA) Declaration of Lisbon recommends autonomy and independent decision-making. However, informed consent is influenced by cultural background, family structure, socioeconomic status, religion and education...
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
Shaqul Qamar Wani, Talib Khan, Saiful Yamin Wani, Mohammad Ashraf Teli, Nazir Ahmad Khan, Liza Rafiq Mir, Mohammad Maqbool Lone, Fir Afroz
Context: The disease and surgery of the breast not only evoke a fear of mutilation and loss of feminity but is also responsible for psychosocial, behavioral, and sexual problems. Aim: To analyze prospectively the time trends in "breast specific functional and symptom scale scores in female breast cancer survivors." Settings and Design: The prospective study was conducted in the Department of Radiation Oncology at Tertiary Referral Hospital...
April 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
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