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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821528/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-adult-victims-of-cluster-munitions-in-lebanon-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#1
Jawad Fares, Souheil Gebeily, Mohamad Saad, Hayat Harati, Sanaa Nabha, Najwane Said, Mohamad Kanso, Ronza Abdel Rassoul, Youssef Fares
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the short-term and long-term prevalence and effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among victims of cluster munitions. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective 10-year longitudinal study that took place in Lebanon. PARTICIPANTS: Two-hundred-and-forty-four Lebanese civilian victims of submunition blasts, who were injured in 2006 and were over 18 years old, were interviewed. Included were participants who had been diagnosed with PTSD according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) and the PTSD Checklist - Civilian Version in 2006...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820672/association-of-religion-and-cultural-tradition-with-alcohol-use-among-some-tribal-communities-of-arunachal-pradesh-india
#2
Himanshu K Chaturvedi, Ram C Bajpai, Preeti Tiwari
Arunachal Pradesh, a land of high mountains and dense forest, is home to many tribal communities, which comprise two thirds of the state's population. Alcohol is one of the common addictive substances used traditionally among them despite much awareness about its harmful effect on health. The present study is focused on finding the association of religion, ethnicity, and demographic characteristics with alcohol use among some tribal communities in Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh. A cross-sectional household survey was conducted on substance use in Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh, India...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820659/politics-doctors-assisted-reproductive-technologies-religion-transgenerational-understandings-and-experiences-of-single-motherhood-in-spain
#3
Ana Bravo-Moreno
The aim is to achieve a transgenerational view of single motherhood in Spain, to look at which contexts it arises in, how it changes with the introduction of assisted reproduction, and how the role of religion in Spanish society permeates medical practice and affects the lives of women patients. I examine single motherhood and investigate two interconnected themes: a) being a mother and being mothered are both permeated with socio-cultural, political, religious, economic and psychological significance; b) Spain led Europe in multiple births due to assisted reproduction, thus ethical conflicts and patient rights are analysed...
August 18, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819897/teachers-and-parents-perspectives-on-a-curricular-subject-of-religion-and-spirituality-for-indian-schools-a-pilot-study-toward-school-mental-health-program
#4
Parameshwaran Ramakrishnan, Andrew Baccari, Uma Ramachandran, Syed Faiz Ahmed, Harold G Koenig
Religious-spiritual (R/S) education helps medical students cope with caregiving stress and gain skills in interpersonal empathy needed for clinical care. Such R/S education has been introduced into K-12 and college curricula in some developed nations and has been found to positively impact student's mental health. Such a move has not yet been seen in the Indian education system. This paper aimed to examine perspectives of teachers and parents in India on appropriateness, benefits, and challenges of including R/S education into the school curriculum and also to gather their impressions on how a R/S curriculum might promote students' health...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818632/the-views-of-clergy-regarding-ethical-controversies-in-care-at-the-end-of-life
#5
Michael J Balboni, Adam Sullivan, Patrick T Smith, Danish Zaidi, Christine Mitchell, James A Tulsky, Daniel Sulmasy, Tyler J VanderWeele, Tracy A Balboni
CONTEXT: While religion often informs ethical judgments, little is known about the views of American clergy regarding controversial end-of-life ethical issues including allowing to die and physician-aid in dying or physician-assisted suicide (PAD/PAS). OBJECTIVE: To describe the views of U.S. clergy concerning allowing to die and PAD/PAS. METHODS: A survey was mailed to 1665 nationally representative clergy between 8/2014 to 3/2015 (60% response rate)...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816075/psychological-impact-of-female-genital-mutilation-among-adolescent-egyptian-girls-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Magdy R Ahmed, Mohamed M Shaaban, Heba K Meky, Mohamed E Amin Arafa, Tamer Y Mohamed, Waleed F Gharib, Abeer B Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: Worldwide, at least 200 million women and girls have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM). The medical and sexual consequences have been documented, but the psychological impact has not been studied to the same extent. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between FGM and psychiatric problems among adolescent girls. METHODS: A total of 204 girls, aged 14-19 years, were included in a cross-sectional study conducted at Suez Canal University Hospitals...
August 17, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814936/development-and-validation-of-a-coping-scale-for-caregivers-in-malaysia
#7
Norhayati Ibrahim, Hui Chien Ong, Suzaily Wahab
INTRODUCTION: Caregivers often experience stressful situations while in the midst of the caregiving process. Thus, various methods of coping have been widely applied and studied in previous researches. The aim of this study was to develop a novel questionnaire to assess the coping strategies employed by those who provide care to patients, and to further validate it among caregivers of schizophrenia patients in Malaysia. METHODS: This study, which involved the caregivers of schizophrenia patients from a hospital in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, was comprised of three parts, namely in-depth interviews, a pilot study, and the validation of the developed questionnaire, known as Caregiver Cope (CgCope(TM))...
May 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814131/what-factors-influence-women-s-perceptions-of-their-systemic-recurrence-risk-after-breast-cancer-treatment
#8
Kamaria L Lee, Nancy K Janz, Brian J Zikmund-Fisher, Reshma Jagsi, Lauren P Wallner, Allison W Kurian, Steven J Katz, Paul Abrahamse, Sarah T Hawley
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer patients' misunderstanding of their systemic cancer recurrence risk has consequences on decision-making and quality of life. Little is known about how women derive their risk estimates. METHODS: Using Los Angeles and Georgia's SEER registries (2014-2015), a random sample of early-stage breast cancer patients was sent surveys about 2 to 3 months after surgery ( N = 3930; RR, 68%). We conducted an inductive thematic analysis of open-ended responses about why women chose their risk estimates in a uniquely large sub-sample ( N = 1,754)...
August 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813298/infidelity-in-romantic-relationships
#9
REVIEW
Frank D Fincham, Ross W May
This article summarizes the current state of research on the prediction of infidelity and provides a foundation for advancing knowledge on this topic by offering specific recommendations for future research. The prevalence, terminological diversity, and impact of infidelity on numerous indicators of wellness is first discussed. This is followed by a discussion of the individual, relationship, and contextual factors that have received systematic attention in attempting to predict infidelity. Highlights include various demographics, the closing gender gap, cohabitation, religion, and the role of the internet in facilitating infidelity...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813272/religiosity-and-parenting-recent-directions-in-process-oriented-research
#10
REVIEW
Marcie C Goeke-Morey, E Mark Cummings
Most faith traditions, in principle, promote family life and positive parent-child relationships. In recent years, research has moved beyond questions of whether religion supports positive parenting towards addressing more nuanced process-oriented questions, including how, why, and when religion is linked with adaptive or maladaptive parenting. Relations between religion and multiple specific parenting behaviors (e.g., involvement, warmth, authoritative parenting, communication) are identified, including contexts for when and why relations between religion and parenting are adaptive or maladaptive...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813073/functional-health-literacy-and-quality-of-life-of-high-school-adolescents-in-state-schools-in-belo-horizonte
#11
Poliana Cristina Rocha, Dálian Cristina Rocha, Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Purpose: To investigate the association between functional health literacy and sociodemographic factors, quality of life, self-perception of health, and perception of contexts of violence in adolescents in state schools in Belo Horizonte. Methods: This is a cross-sectional analytical observational study with a probabilistic sample of 384 adolescents between 15 and 19 years old. Data collection was carried out in schools and included self-reporting questionnaires to assess the functional health literacy, socioeconomic classification, self-perceived health, and quality of life...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812371/two-physical-activity-measures-paffenbarger-physical-activity-questionnaire-versus-aerobics-center-longitudinal-study-as-predictors-of-adult-onset-type-2-diabetes-in-a-follow-up-study
#12
Serena Tonstad, Patti Herring, Jerry Lee, Jennifer Duxbury Johnson
PURPOSE: To compare 2 self-report methods of measuring weekly minutes of physical activity based on the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study (ACLS) questionnaire and question 6 of the Paffenbarger Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ) to determine the better predictor of adult-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). DESIGN: An observational, prospective study. SETTING: Survey data from the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2) collected between 2002 and 2006 (baseline) and the Psychosocial Manifestations of Religion Sub-Study (PsyMRS), an AHS-2 subset collected 1 to 4 years later...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811838/ethical-religion-in-primary-care
#13
Malcolm Torry
Religion is increasingly significant in UK society, and is highly significant for many patients and primary care practitioners. An important task for the practitioner is to ensure that the place of religion in the patient/practitioner relationship is treated with the same ethical seriousness as every other aspect of that relationship. The article finds the 'four principles of biomedical ethics' to be applicable, and recent GMC guidelines to be consistent with the four principles. The article applies the four principles to the particular case of practitioners wearing religious symbolism...
July 2017: London Journal of Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810347/-history-of-world-neurosurgery
#14
X Wang
In 5000 BC, South American tribes digged the bones in the living head to seek ways to communicate with the gods, which was primitive trephination and may be the first neurosurgical behavior. In 2600 BC, Imhotep in ancient Egypt took the brain out of the head from the nose, for a better preserve of the mummy, which was a prototype of modern transsphenoidal surgery. And the development of anatomy in ancient Greek laid a solid foundation for neurosurgery. From 500 to 1500 AD, the rise of religion and the occurrence of war, prompted a large number of craniocerebral trauma, which contributed greatly to the early development of neurosurgery as a distinct specialty...
May 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803042/who-are-likely-to-attempt-suicide-again-a-comparative-study-between-the-first-and-multiple-timers
#15
Yanzheng Liu, Jie Zhang, Long Sun
BACKGROUND: Various explanations account for suicide incidents, and some patients continue to attempt afterwards and others never again. The suicide mortality rate increases with the number of serious attempts. The prevention of secondary attempt of suicide should be an important approach to reduce suicide mortality. However, the characteristics of the targeted population of repeated suicide attempters are understudied. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional data collection from hospital emergency room from patients who had either attempted suicide for the first time (n=721) or for two or more times (n=70)...
July 20, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802638/spiritual-perspectives-of-emergency-medicine-doctors-and-nurses-in-caring-for-end-of-life-patients-a-mixed-method-study
#16
Yingting Zhang, Rakhee Yash Pal, Wai San Wilson Tam, Alice Lee, Mabel Ong, Lay Hwa Tiew
BACKGROUND: End-of-life care is becoming more prevalent in the Emergency Department. Quality end-of-life care includes spiritual support. As spirituality is a relatively vague concept, understanding healthcare professionals' spiritual perspectives is important. AIMS: To explore the perspectives of Emergency Department doctors and nurses in (i) spirituality, (ii) spiritual care domain in end-of-life care and (iii) factors influencing spiritual care provision in the Emergency Department...
August 9, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799821/a-review-of-palliative-and-hospice-care-in-the-context-of-islam-dying-with-faith-and-family
#17
Maximiliano Mendieta, Robert W Buckingham
BACKGROUND: By starting to understand Muslim culture, we can seek common ground with Islamic culture within the American experience and bridge opportunities for better palliative and hospice care here and in Middle Eastern countries. The United States, Canada, and Europe are education hubs for Middle Eastern students, creating an opportunity for the palliative and hospice care philosophy to gain access by proxy to populations of terminally ill patients who can benefit from end-of-life care...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799292/profits-and-prophets-derrida-on-linguistic-bereavement-and-im-possibility-in-nursing
#18
Barbara Pesut
The work of Jacques Derrida has received relatively little attention within nursing philosophy. Perhaps this is because Derrida is known best for deconstructing philosophy itself, a task he performed by making language unintelligible to make a point. This in itself makes his work daunting for nurses who do applied philosophy. Despite these difficulties, Derrida's focus on holding open a space for ideas, particularly those ideas that are invisible or unpopular, holds potential for enhancing the diversity of ideas within nursing...
August 11, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795917/assessing-evidence-of-inequalities-in-access-to-medication-for-diabetic-populations-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#19
Yodi Christiani, Teerapon Dhippayom, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
Background Inequalities in access to medications among people diagnosed with diabetes in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is a public health concern since untreated diabetes can lead to severe complications and premature death. Objective To assess evidence of inequalities in access to medication for diabetes in adult populations of people with diagnosed diabetes in LMICs. Design We conducted a systematic review of the literature using the PRISMA-Equity guidelines. A search of five databases - PubMed, Cochrane, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and EMBASE - was conducted from inception to November 2015...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795309/religious-identity-and-health-inequalities-in-canada
#20
Maryam Dilmaghani
In the past few decades, most new immigrants to Canada have originated from non-Christian countries. During the same period, the unaffiliation rates have sharply increased in Canada. This paper investigates whether there are any health inequalities associated with religious identity, including also the individuals who do not identify with organized religion in the analysis. The study uses the Canadian General Social Survey of 2012 (N = 23,093), focused on Caregiving and Care-receiving. Employing multivariate regression analysis and controlling for a large set of characteristics inclusive of the degree of religious commitment, individuals who identify as Protestant are found at a physical and mental health advantage, compared with Roman Catholics and most other groups...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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