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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108913/religion-and-public-health-moral-tradition-as-both-problem-and-solution
#1
Michael Rozier
Despite strong religious influence in the development of medicine and medical ethics, religion has been relatively absent in the rise of preventive medicine and population health. Episodic, clinical medicine has a powerful hold on the religious imagination in health care. Nevertheless, Hebrew Scripture, elements of rabbinical teaching, and modern concepts of social justice all can be used to inspire action in health care that goes beyond clinical medicine. The Christian tradition can call upon the corporal works of mercy, virtue ethics, and Catholic social teaching, as well as the modern history Catholic sisters in the U...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105614/-effect-of-surgeons-on-palliative-treatment-for-malignant-tumors
#2
Jin Gu
For advanced stage tumor patients who can not receive radical treatment, quite a part of them require surgical intervention. Surgeons play a important role and are still the main force in palliative treatment for tumors. But in present medical education system, training contents for surgeon involving palliative treatment are few. In fact, surgeons have responsibilities for improving the quality of life, ameliorating pain, preserving the dignity and relieving symptoms of patients in the palliative treatment of tumors...
January 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104541/does-the-biopsychosocial-spiritual-model-of-addiction-apply-in-an-islamic-context-a-qualitative-study-of-jordanian-addicts-in-treatment
#3
Hamad Al Ghaferi, Christine Bond, Catriona Matheson
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of research in the published literature on substance use and addiction in the Middle East and Islamic countries. This study was the first to explore whether the biopsychosocial-spiritual model of addiction was relevant to an addicted treatment population in Jordan, an Islamic country. METHODS: A qualitative study design using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews were conducted with a sample of 25 males in addiction treatment. The sample was drawn from a cohort of in-patients at a treatment centre in Amman, Jordan who had already participated in a quantitative survey...
November 23, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098955/the-impact-of-childhood-cancer-perceptions-of-adult-survivors
#4
Victoria W Willard, James L Klosky, Chenghong Li, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Tara M Brinkman, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Sean Phipps
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to describe perceptions and associated risk factors of the impact of cancer on functional outcomes, including social relationships, exercise, finances, and religion, among adult survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS: Evaluable participants included 3001 adult survivors (mean age, 32.5 years; range, 18.3-63.8 years; 24.1 years from diagnosis; 50.8% male; 84.9% Caucasian) who were enrolled in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort study...
January 18, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095908/limiting-treatment-and-shortening-of-life-data-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-germany-on-frequencies-determinants-and-patients-involvement
#5
Birte Malena Dahmen, Jochen Vollmann, Stephan Nadolny, Jan Schildmann
BACKGROUND: Limiting treatment forms part of practice in many fields of medicine. There is a scarcity of robust data from Germany. Therefore, in this paper, we report results of a survey among German physicians with a focus on frequencies, aspects of decision making and determinants of limiting treatment with expected or intended shortening of life. METHODS: Postal survey among a random sample of physicians working in the area of five German state chambers of physicians using a modified version of the questionnaire of the EURELD Consortium...
January 17, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093756/mottainai-a-japanese-sense-of-anima-mundi
#6
Yuriko Sato
The Japanese expression 'Mottainai!' can be translated as 'What a waste!' or 'Don't be wasteful!' However, mottainai means much more than that. It expresses a sense of concern or regret for whatever is wasted because its intrinsic value is not properly utilized. Buddhism and Japan's indigenous religion, Shinto, are integral to the Japanese psyche, accordingly the other-than-human world is also experienced and lived in daily life. In the Japanese worldview everything in nature is endowed with spirit, every individual existence is dependent on others and all are connected in an ever-changing world...
February 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092717/the-culture-war-modern-economics-and-environmental-education-in-the-united-states
#7
Eugene C Hargrove
Teaching ethics in public schools in the United States has been made almost impossible because of the Culture War and Modern Economics. When Catholics began to migrate to the United States in the early nineteenth century, they found that Protestant religion and ethics were taught in public schools and they created their own parochial schools. This controversy has continued for two hundred years. To encourage the Catholics to send their children to the public schools, by 1860 religion and ethics had been removed from the public schools...
September 2016: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092209/executive-function-is-an-important-consideration-for-coping-strategy-use-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Lisa B Grech, Litza A Kiropoulos, Katherine M Kirby, Ernest Butler, Mark Paine, Robert Hester
INTRODUCTION: Executive function deficits are prevalent in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS), and PwMS use less adaptive coping than healthy controls. This cross-sectional study assessed whether there is a relationship between executive function and coping in PwMS. METHOD: One hundred and seven participants with relapsing remitting or secondary progressive MS (n = 83 and 24, respectively; age M = 48.8 ± 11.1 years) completed measures of coping and executive function...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091738/-historical-pain-concepts-cultural-influences-on-pain-perception-and-interpretation
#9
D Schäfer
In the age of globalization and cultural diversification differing concepts of pain in patient care are of increasing importance. Historical models of the origin and interpretation of pain, which in this article are presented in a cursory and exemplary way, help to understand the panoply of modern concepts outside of medicine. Basically, pain was viewed not only in religion and philosophy but also by premodern physicians as a psychophysical phenomenon crucially depending on the determination by a "soul" therefore creating therapeutic options even before the discovery of an effective analgesia...
January 13, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091432/depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-road-traffic-accident-victims-managed-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-southern-nigeria
#10
J E Asuquo, B E Edet, I E Abang, E A Essien, O G Osakwe, E J Aigbomain, K C Chigbundu
BACKGROUND: Psychological responses to traumatic events vary widely across different cultures but studies in the developing countries are scant. The objective of this study is to determine prevalence of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among patients involved in road traffic accident (RTA) compared with that of the general population using a matched control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study design was case control and employed the convenient sampling technique...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089535/farmer-attitudes-and-perceptions-to-the-re-use-of-fertiliser-products-from-resource-oriented-sanitation-systems-the-case-of-vellore-south-india
#11
Prithvi Simha, Cecilia Lalander, Björn Vinnerås, M Ganesapillai
Relatively little research has been conducted to date on farmer attitudes towards the use of fertilisers from resource-oriented sanitation systems. This study employed a psycho-sociological approach to identify factors that encourage, or discourage, negative and positive attitudes to human waste recycling among farmers in southern India. A survey involving face-to-face interviews was performed with 120 randomly sampled farmers, taking into account the following factors: gender, age, religion, caste, type of farming, farm size, annual income and farming history...
January 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088052/positive-and-negative-life-events-and-reasons-for-living-modulate-suicidal-ideation-in-a-sample-of-patients-with-history-of-suicide-attempts
#12
Camélia Laglaoui Bakhiyi, Isabelle Jaussent, Séverine Beziat, Renaud Cohen, Catherine Genty, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Marion Leboyer, Pascal Le Vaou, Sébastien Guillaume, Philippe Courtet
BACKGROUND: The influence of life events on suicidal behavior remains inconclusive, while reasons for living (RFL) may be protective. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the association between positive and negative life events and suicidal ideation (SI) and the interaction between life events and RFL on SI. METHOD: Patients with history of suicide attempts (n = 338) underwent a comprehensive clinical evaluation, including SI (Beck's Suicidal Ideation scale), RFL (Reasons for Living Inventory, RFLI) and life events (family, school, student or professional, social, health and religion-related and other life events) during the last twelve months...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086926/maternal-health-care-service-seeking-behaviors-and-associated-factors-among-women-in-rural-haramaya-district-eastern-ethiopia-a-triangulated-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#13
Dereje Kifle, Telake Azale, Yalemzewod Assefa Gelaw, Yayehirad Alemu Melsew
BACKGROUND: Regular utilization of maternal health care services reduces maternal morbidity and mortality. This study assessed the maternal health care seeking behavior and associated factors of reproductive age women in rural villages of Haramaya district, East Ethiopia. METHODS: Community based cross sectional study supplemented with qualitative data was conducted in Haramaya district from November 15 to Decemeber 30, 2015. A total of 561 women in reproductive age group and who gave birth in the last 2 years were randomly included...
January 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081032/a-systematic-review-of-the-factors-influencing-ethnic-minority-women-s-cervical-cancer-screening-behavior-from-intrapersonal-to-policy-level
#14
Dorothy N S Chan, Winnie K W So
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer can be prevented by effective screening using Papanicolaou tests, but the utilization rate is lower among ethnic minorities than in the general population. Understanding the factors influencing minorities' use of such screening can aid the design of an appropriate intervention to increase their uptake rate. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to examine the factors that influence ethnic minority women in using cervical cancer screening and the similarities and differences in associated factors across different groups and to explore the interrelationships between the factors identified...
January 9, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074706/christians-cut-popular-religion-and-the-global-health-campaign-for-medical-male-circumcision-in-swaziland
#15
Casey Golomski, Sonene Nyawo
Swaziland faces one of the worst HIV epidemics in the world and is a site for the current global health campaign in sub-Saharan Africa to medically circumcise the majority of the male population. Given that Swaziland is also majority Christian, how does the most popular religion influence acceptance, rejection or understandings of medical male circumcision? This article considers interpretive differences by Christians across the Kingdom's three ecumenical organisations, showing how a diverse group people singly glossed as 'Christian' in most public health acceptability studies critically rejected the procedure in unity, but not uniformly...
January 11, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070765/health-impacts-of-religious-practices-and-beliefs-associated-with-the-church-of-jesus-christ-of-latter-day-saints
#16
Rocío de Diego Cordero, Bárbara Badanta Romero
The aim of the study is to discuss the relationship between lifestyle marked by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and health. PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, WOS y Scopus were the databases used for this literature review, with these descriptors: "Mormons", "mormons religion", "health". Inclusion criteria were articles with full text available, published between 2005 and 2016, in English or Spanish language. Results show that following the restrictive Mormon doctrine generates beneficial effects for the health...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067605/near-death-experiences-posttraumatic-growth-and-life-satisfaction-among-burn-survivors
#17
David Royse, Karen Badger
Survivors of large burns may face positive and negative psychological after-effects from close-to-death injuries. This study is the first to examine their near-death experiences (NDEs) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) and life satisfaction afterwards. With an available sample of 92 burn survivors, half met the criteria for an NDE using an objective scale. Those who indicated religion was a source of strength and comfort had high scores on life satisfaction, PTG, and the NDE Scale. Individuals with larger burns reported greater PTG than those with smaller total body surface area burned (TBSA)...
January 9, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064288/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-on-standard-precautions-for-prevention-of-hiv-infection-among-clinical-year-medical-students
#18
H P Chee, Y C Ong
BACKGROUND: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) can be transmitted through blood, vaginal secretion, infected semen, breast milk as well as blood containing saliva, vomitus and urine. Health care workers (HCWs) are at risk of HIV infection; and standard precautions is a guideline to be followed by HCWs to prevent it. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to evaluate the level of knowledge, attitude and practice on standard precautions for prevention of HIV infection; and its associated factors...
October 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063910/racial-ethnic-differences-in-contraceptive-preferences-beliefs-and-self-efficacy-among-women-veterans
#19
Lisa S Callegari, Xinhua Zhao, Eleanor Bimla Schwarz, Elian Rosenfeld, Maria K Mor, Sonya Borrero
BACKGROUND: Significant racial/ethnic disparities in unintended pregnancy persist in the US, with the highest rates observed among low-income black and Hispanic women. Differences in contraceptive preferences, beliefs, and self-efficacy may be instrumental in understanding contraceptive behaviors that underlie higher rates of unintended pregnancy among racial/ethnic minorities. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to understand how contraceptive preferences, beliefs and self-efficacy vary by race and ethnicity among women veterans...
January 4, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063879/the-effect-of-vishram-a-grass-roots-community-based-mental-health-programme-on-the-treatment-gap-for-depression-in-rural-communities-in-india-a-population-based-study
#20
Rahul Shidhaye, Vaibhav Murhar, Siddharth Gangale, Luke Aldridge, Rahul Shastri, Rachana Parikh, Ritu Shrivastava, Suvarna Damle, Tasneem Raja, Abhijit Nadkarni, Vikram Patel
BACKGROUND: VISHRAM was a community-based mental health programme with the goal of addressing the mental health risk factors for suicide in people from 30 villages in the Amravati district in Vidarbha, central India. We aimed to assess whether implementation of VISHRAM was associated with an increase in the proportion of people with depression who sought treatment (contact coverage). METHODS: A core strategy of VISHRAM was to increase the demand for care by enhancing mental health literacy and to improve the supply of evidence-based interventions for depression and alcohol-use disorders...
January 4, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
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