keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Siameses

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886182/toxoplasma-gondii-seroprevalence-varies-by-cat-breed
#1
Kärt Must, Marjo K Hytönen, Toomas Orro, Hannes Lohi, Pikka Jokelainen
Toxoplasma gondii is a widespread zoonotic parasite that is relevant for veterinary and public health. The domestic cat, the definitive host species with the largest worldwide population, has become evolutionarily and epidemiologically the most important host of T. gondii. The outcome of T. gondii infection is influenced by congenital and acquired host characteristics. We detected differences in T. gondii seroprevalence by cat breed in our previous studies. The aims of this study were to estimate T. gondii seroprevalence in selected domestic cat breeds, and to evaluate whether being of a certain breed is associated with T...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873495/-defect-coverage-of-the-hand-using-a-rare-siamese-combined-flap
#2
Itai Pasternak, Urs Hug, Eva Meia Rüegg, Elmar Fritsche
We report 2 cases of extensive soft tissue defects simultaneously affecting the palm and dorsum of the hand. The defect was covered with a Siamese flap combination consisting of a free, distally extended lateral upper arm flap with microvascular anastomosis, and a posterior interosseous artery flap. We discuss possible indications, the operative technique and advantages versus disadvantages of this rarely applied flap combination.
September 5, 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680126/multiple-cues-produced-by-a-robotic-fish-modulate-aggressive-behaviour-in-siamese-fighting-fishes
#3
Donato Romano, Giovanni Benelli, Elisa Donati, Damiano Remorini, Angelo Canale, Cesare Stefanini
The use of robotics to establish social interactions between animals and robots, represents an elegant and innovative method to investigate animal behaviour. However, robots are still underused to investigate high complex and flexible behaviours, such as aggression. Here, Betta splendens was tested as model system to shed light on the effect of a robotic fish eliciting aggression. We evaluated how multiple signal systems, including a light stimulus, affect aggressive responses in B. splendens. Furthermore, we conducted experiments to estimate if aggressive responses were triggered by the biomimetic shape of fish replica, or whether any intruder object was effective as well...
July 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612380/breed-coat-color-and-hair-length-as-risk-factors-for-hyperthyroidism-in-cats
#4
V J Crossley, A Debnath, Y M Chang, R C Fowkes, J Elliott, H M Syme
BACKGROUND: Hyperthyroidism is very common in older cats, but the etiopathogenesis is poorly understood. Decreased risk of hyperthyroidism has been reported in certain colorpoint breeds, and this observation previously has been hypothesized to result from relatively greater tyrosine availability for thyroid hormone production because of limited ability to convert tyrosine to melanin pigment. However, studies investigating a potential link between coat pigmentation and risk of hyperthyroidism are limited...
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585658/cystinuria-caused-by-a-slc7a9-missense-mutation-in-siamese-crossbred-littermates-in-germany
#5
Stephanie Hilton, Keijiro Mizukami, Urs Giger
Cystinuria is caused by defective proximal renal tubular reabsorption of the amino acids cystine, ornithine, lysine, and arginine (COLA). The low solubility of cystine in mildly acidic urine may lead to the formation of urinary cystine crystals and uroliths. Much progress has been made recently in the diagnosis and understanding of cystinuria in companion animals. In cats, cystinuria affects equally both genders independent of neutering status and, despite being rare, already more cystinuria-causing mutations have been detected in cats compared to dogs...
June 1, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364643/a-multi-resolution-approach-for-spinal-metastasis-detection-using-deep-siamese-neural-networks
#6
Juan Wang, Zhiyuan Fang, Ning Lang, Huishu Yuan, Min-Ying Su, Pierre Baldi
Spinal metastasis, a metastatic cancer of the spine, is the most common malignant disease in the spine. In this study, we investigate the feasibility of automated spinal metastasis detection in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) by using deep learning methods. To accommodate the large variability in metastatic lesion sizes, we develop a Siamese deep neural network approach comprising three identical subnetworks for multi-resolution analysis and detection of spinal metastasis. At each location of interest, three image patches at three different resolutions are extracted and used as the input to the networks...
March 27, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344527/reverse-radial-forearm-flap-to-provide-arterial-inflow-to-a-toe-transfer
#7
Joohak Kim, Alfred P Yoon, Neil F Jones
Background: Toe-to-thumb transfer has become the gold standard for thumb reconstruction, but in badly mutilated hands, additional soft tissue coverage may be required or a suitable recipient artery may not be available. There are only 3 case reports describing the successful use of a reverse radial forearm flap for coverage of a soft tissue defect around the thumb as well as providing arterial inflow for a toe transfer, performed either simultaneously or secondarily. Methods: A single surgeon's experience of all toe-to-hand transfers performed in conjunction with a reverse radial forearm flap between 1995 and 2014 was reviewed, including patient demographics, type of toe transfer and vascular pedicle, whether immediate or secondary, follow-up, and complications...
March 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259903/siamese-crocodile-bile-induces-apoptosis-in-nci-h1299-human-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells-via-a-mitochondria-mediated-intrinsic-pathway-and-inhibits-tumorigenesis
#8
Ling Tian, Yi-Tao Deng, Xin Dong, Jia-Yi Fan, Hua-Liang Li, Yu-Mei Ding, Wei-Xi Peng, Qing-Xi Chen, Dong-Yan Shen
Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a widespread and particularly aggressive form of cancer. Patients with NSCLC and early metastases typically have poor prognosis, highlighting the critical need for additional drugs to improve disease outcome following surgical resection. The present study aimed to determine if Siamese crocodile bile (SCB) had an anti‑cancer effect on NCI‑H1299 human NSCLC cells. The inhibitory mechanism of SCB was examined in cell culture and nude mice. In vitro experimental results revealed that SCB inhibited the proliferation and colony‑forming ability of NCI‑H1299 cells by arresting cell cycle and inducing apoptosis...
April 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248337/separating-the-siamese-twins-using-a-%C3%AF-shifted-sagnac-interferometer-to-control-the-relative-weight-influence-of-circular-and-linear-birefringence-on-the-loop-transmission-facilitating-their-measurement
#9
Eric Want-Gauthier, Ilya Golub
We demonstrate a novel method to measure circular birefringence (CB) and linear birefringence (LB) present simultaneously in the device under study. By using a π-shifted Sagnac interferometer, the scheme eliminates the dependence on incoming polarization and on the orientation angle of the linear birefringence. Moreover, due to different handedness symmetry/response of CB and LB to counter-propagating waves, the technique allows us to control the relative influence of the two birefringences leading to a requirement of only two measurements to determine both of them...
March 1, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237550/of-fish-and-mirrors-fluoxetine-disrupts-aggression-and-learning-for-social-rewards
#10
Benjamin R Eisenreich, Susan Greene, Allen Szalda-Petree
Aggressive signaling is a key social behavior of male Siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens). Successfully establishing a territory and defending it from intruders has direct fitness effects, making Betta splendens a prime model for studies examining the biological underpinnings of aggressive behavior. Current research has outlined serotonin transporter pathways as one key component for the engagement and coordination of aggressive behavior in Betta splendens. Using the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor fluoxetine, we examined the impact of 10μmol exposures on associative learning and aggression between mirror and conspecific social reinforcers...
February 22, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236686/prozac-impacts-lateralization-of-aggression-in-male-siamese-fighting-fish
#11
Maryam HedayatiRad, Mohammad Ali Nematollahi, Mohammad Navid Forsatkar, Culum Brown
Previous studies have shown that Siamese fighting fish, Betta splendens, preferentially use right-eye during the aggressive displays. However, administration of antidepressant drugs may disrupt eye-use preference in association with a reduction in aggression; a phenomena that has not been explored in fish. The objective of the current study was to examine the effects of exposure to the antidepressant drug, fluoxetine, on lateralization in eye-use during aggressive displays in male Siamese fighting fish. Baseline aggression and lateralization in eye use of thirty fish were assessed toward live conspecifics, following which experimental subjects (n=15) were then exposed to fluoxetine (540ng/L) in a static renewal water system...
June 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165885/why-do-plants-need-so-many-cyclin-dependent-kinase-inhibitors
#12
Narender Kumar, John C Larkin
Cell cycle regulation is fundamental to growth and development, and Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitors (CKIs) are major negative regulators of the cell cycle. Plant genomes encode substantially more CKIs than metazoan or fungal genomes. Plant CKIs fall into 2 distinct families, KIP-RELATED PROTEINS (KRPs) and SIAMESE-RELATED proteins (SMRs). SMRs can inhibit both S-phase and M-phase CDK complexes in vitro and are transcribed throughout the cell cycle, yet SMRs do not inhibit DNA replication in vivo. This suggests that SMRs must be activated post transcriptionally after the start of S-phase, but the mechanism of this hypothesized activation is unknown...
February 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165234/reaching-across-the-divide-how-monometalation-of-one-binding-pocket-affects-the-empty-binding-pocket-in-a-siamese-twin-porphyrin-palladium-complex
#13
Anastasia Vogel, Sebastian Dechert, Christian Brückner, Franc Meyer
Siamese-twin porphyrin is a pyrazole-containing expanded porphyrin incorporating two porphyrin-like binding pockets. The macrocycle, however, does not possess an aromatic π system but rather two separated conjugation pathways that are isolated by the pyrazole junctions. Mono- and bimetallic complexes of the Siamese-twin porphyrin are known. This work addresses in detail the electronic consequences that monometalation (with Pd(II)) has on the electronic properties of the nonmetalated binding pocket by studying the solid-state structure, acid/base, and electrochemical properties of the monopalladium twin-porphyrin complex...
February 20, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159460/antimicrobial-effects-of-novel-peptides-cot2-and-sot2-derived-from-crocodylus-siamensis-and-pelodiscus-sinensis-ovotransferrins
#14
Bung-On Prajanban, Nisachon Jangpromma, Tomohiro Araki, Sompong Klaynongsruang
In light of the increasing threat of bacterial drug resistance to human health on a global scale, research and development of antimicrobial peptides as a novel class of potent antibiotics has gained considerable attention. The present study focuses on the structural evaluation and membrane interaction of two new cationic antimicrobial peptides, cOT2 and sOT2, derived from Siamese crocodile (Crocodylus siamensis) and Chinese softshell turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis) ovotransferrins. Here, cOT1 (+3) and sOT1 (+3) were derived from reptile ovotransferrins by chromatographic purification and characterized by mass spectrometry and N-terminal sequencing analysis...
May 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133850/imaging-diagnosis-radiographic-ultrasonographic-and-computed-tomographic-characteristics-of-a-duodenal-duplication-cyst-in-a-young-cat
#15
Amalia Agut, Juana D Carrillo, Miryam Martínez, Jose Murciano, Eliseo Belda, Antonio Bernabé, Marta Soler
A 7-month-old, 2.8 kg, intact female Siamese cat was evaluated for repetitive and intermittent episodes of vomiting and anorexia. Abdominal palpation revealed a round, firm, nonpainful mass in the right cranial abdomen. Ultrasonography findings were consistent with a cystic structure adjacent to the descending duodenum. The structure exhibited a "muscular rim sign." A duodenal duplication cyst was confirmed by histopathological analysis. Computed tomography ruled out concurrent vertebral anomalies and clarified anatomic relationships for surgical planning...
January 29, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920789/transcriptomic-effects-of-the-cell-cycle-regulator-lgo-in-arabidopsis-sepals
#16
Erich M Schwarz, Adrienne H K Roeder
Endoreduplication is a specialized cell cycle in which DNA replication occurs, but mitosis is skipped creating enlarged polyploid cells. Endoreduplication is associated with the differentiation of many specialized cell types. In the Arabidopsis thaliana sepal epidermis endoreduplicated giant cells form interspersed between smaller cells. Both the transcription factor Arabidopsis thaliana MERISTEM LAYER1 (ATML1) and the plant-specific cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor LOSS OF GIANT CELLS FROM ORGANS (LGO)/SIAMESE RELATED1 (SMR1) are required for the formation of giant cells...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520588/individual-boldness-traits-influenced-by-temperature-in-male-siamese-fighting-fish
#17
Mohammad Navid Forsatkar, Mohammad Ali Nematollahi, Peter A Biro, Christa Beckmann
Temperature has profound effects on physiology of ectothermic animals. However, the effects on temperature variation on behavioral traits are poorly studied in contrast to physiological endpoints. This may be important as even small differences in temperatures have large effects on physiological rates including overall metabolism, and behavior is known to be linked to metabolism at least in part. The primary aim of this study was to determine the effects of ambient temperature on boldness responses of a species of fish commonly used in behavioral experiments, the Siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens)...
October 15, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507762/connection-of-the-posterior-occipital-muscle-and-dura-mater-of-the-siamese-crocodile
#18
Jing-Hui Zhang, Wei Tang, Zhao-Xi Zhang, Bing-Yi Luan, Sheng-Bo Yu, Hong-Jin Sui
The myodural bridge was proposed initially in 1995. The myodural bridge is a connective tissue bridge that connects a pair of deep muscles at the suboccipital region to the dura mater. There have been numerous studies concerning the morphology and function of the myodural bridge. To determine whether a myodural bridge exists in reptiles, six Siamese crocodiles were investigated using gross anatomy dissection and P45 sheet plastination technologies. As a result, we demonstrated that the posterior occipital muscles of the Siamese crocodile are directly or indirectly connected to the proatlas, atlas, and intermembrane between them...
October 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503884/dna-damage-checkpoint-kinase-atm-regulates-germination-and-maintains-genome-stability-in-seeds
#19
Wanda M Waterworth, Steven Footitt, Clifford M Bray, William E Finch-Savage, Christopher E West
Genome integrity is crucial for cellular survival and the faithful transmission of genetic information. The eukaryotic cellular response to DNA damage is orchestrated by the DNA damage checkpoint kinases ATAXIA TELANGIECTASIA MUTATED (ATM) and ATM AND RAD3-RELATED (ATR). Here we identify important physiological roles for these sensor kinases in control of seed germination. We demonstrate that double-strand breaks (DSBs) are rate-limiting for germination. We identify that desiccation tolerant seeds exhibit a striking transcriptional DSB damage response during germination, indicative of high levels of genotoxic stress, which is induced following maturation drying and quiescence...
August 23, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476559/sudden-death-of-a-siamese-crocodile-crocodylus-siamensis-due-to-systemic-aspergillosis
#20
Kyoo-Tae Kim, Seung-Hun Lee, Dongmi Kwak
A 4-year-old female Siamese crocodile (Crocodylus siamensis) housed at a zoo died without any prior clinical signs. During necropsy, numerous scattered, well-demarcated, yellowish-white, firm nodules were observed throughout the liver and lungs. Microscopic examination with periodic acid-Schiff staining revealed granulomatous inflammation in the liver and lungs. Liver granulomas were characterized by the presence of a connective tissue barrier and hyphae, and the centers of the granulomas showed signs of necrosis...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
keyword
keyword
81088
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"