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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324836/variation-in-angler-distribution-and-catch-rates-of-stocked-rainbow-trout-in-a-small-reservoir
#1
Brian S Harmon, Dustin R Martin, Christopher J Chizinski, Kevin L Pope
We investigated the spatial and temporal relationship of catch rates and angler party location for two days following a publicly announced put-and-take stocking of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Catch rates declined with time since stocking and distance from stocking. We hypothesized that opportunity for high catch rates would cause anglers to fish near the stocking location and disperse with time, however distance between angler parties and stocking was highly variable at any given time. Spatially explicit differences in catch rates can affect fishing quality...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321870/contrasting-genetic-metrics-and-patterns-among-naturalized-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-in-two-patagonian-lakes-differentially-impacted-by-trout-aquaculture
#2
Cristian B Canales-Aguirre, Lisa W Seeb, James E Seeb, María I Cádiz, Selim S Musleh, Ivan Arismendi, Gonzalo Gajardo, Ricardo Galleguillos, Daniel Gomez-Uchida
Different pathways of propagation and dispersal of non-native species into new environments may have contrasting demographic and genetic impacts on established populations. Repeated introductions of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to Chile in South America, initially through stocking and later through aquaculture escapes, provide a unique setting to contrast these two pathways. Using a panel of single nucleotide polymorphisms, we found contrasting genetic metrics and patterns among naturalized trout in Lake Llanquihue, Chile's largest producer of salmonid smolts for nearly 50 years, and Lake Todos Los Santos (TLS), a reference lake where aquaculture has been prohibited by law...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315698/first-identification-and-characterization-of-streptococcus-iniae-obtained-from-tilapia-oreochromis-aureus-farmed-in-mexico
#3
C Ortega, I García, R Irgang, R Fajardo, D Tapia-Cammas, J Acosta, R Avendaño-Herrera
This is the first study to isolate, identify and characterize Streptococcus iniae as the causative disease agent in two tilapia (Oreochromis aureus) populations. The populations were geographically isolated, of distinct origins, and did not share water sources. Affected fish showed various external (e.g., exophthalmia and cachexia, among others) and internal (e.g., granulomatous septicaemia and interstitial nephritis, among others) signs. All internal organ samples produced pure cultures, two of which (one from each farm, termed S-1 and S-2) were subjected to biochemical, PCR and 16S rRNA sequencing (99...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313263/genome-incompatibility-between-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-and-sea-trout-salmo-trutta-and-induction-of-the-interspecies-gynogenesis
#4
Marcin Polonis, Takafumi Fujimoto, Stefan Dobosz, Tomasz Zalewski, Konrad Ocalewicz
Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) and sea trout (Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1758) show large karyotypic differences and their hybrid offspring is not viable due to unstable karyotype and chromosome fragmentation. However, gametes from these two species were used to induce gynogenetic development. Rainbow trout eggs activated by UV-irradiated sea trout sperm were subjected to high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) shock to prevent release of the 2nd polar body (early shock) or to inhibit the first cleavage (late shock) in order to produce diploid meiotic gynogenotes and gynogenetic doubled haploids (DHs), respectively...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Applied Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305330/role-of-a-macrophage-receptor-with-collagenous-structure-marco-in-regulating-monocyte-macrophage-functions-in-ayu-plecoglossus-altivelis
#5
Le Zhang, Li Nie, Shi-Yu Cai, Jie Chen, Jiong Chen
Macrophage receptor with collagenous structure (MARCO) plays essential roles in phagocytic cell-mediated innate immune responses. However, studies regarding MARCO, especially its functions, are limited in teleost species. In this study, we identified a MARCO molecule (PaMARCO) from ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis). PaMARCO shared conserved functional domains with its mammalian counterparts. Sequence analysis showed that PaMARCO was most closely related to its rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) counterpart. PaMARCO expression was upregulated in all tested immune tissues and monocytes/macrophages (MO/MΦ) upon Vibrio anguillarum infection, and blocking its function significantly decreased the immune responses of MO/MΦ during infection...
January 2, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304407/the-effect-of-chlorpyrifos-on-salinity-acclimation-of-juvenile-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#6
Bagher Mojazi Amiri, Elvis Genbo Xu, Allison Kupsco, Marissa Giroux, Mahbubeh Hoseinzadeh, Daniel Schlenk
As a part of their unique life cycle, most salmonids undergo a transition from fresh water to salt water requiring various adjustments in metabolism, osmoregulation and ion regulation. Exposure to pesticides may affect the acclimation of juvenile salmonids to salt water during downstream migration to estuaries. Using the Caspian Sea as a model waterbody, the present study aimed to determine how the toxicity of the organophosphate pesticide chlorpyrifos (CPF) impacts saline acclimation of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)...
December 28, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290103/mechanisms-of-thermal-adaptation-and-evolutionary-potential-of-conspecific-populations-to-changing-environments
#7
Zhongqi Chen, Anthony P Farrell, Amanda Matala, Shawn R Narum
Heterogeneous and ever-changing thermal environments drive the evolution of populations and species, especially when extreme conditions increase selection pressure for traits influencing fitness. However, projections of biological diversity under scenarios of climate change rarely consider evolutionary adaptive potential of natural species. In this study, we tested for mechanistic evidence of evolutionary thermal adaptation among ecologically divergent redband trout populations (Oncorhynchus mykiss gairdneri) in cardiorespiratory function, cellular response and genomic variation...
December 31, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288811/effects-of-dietary-oxidized-fish-oil-supplementation-on-oxidative-stress-and-antioxidant-defense-system-in-juvenile-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#8
Stéphanie Fontagné-Dicharry, Laurence Larroquet, Karine Dias, Marianne Cluzeaud, Cécile Heraud, Dominique Corlay
The objective of the study was to characterize the response of the antioxidant defense system against dietary prooxidant conditions in rainbow trout juveniles. Fish (initial mean weight: 62 ± 1 g) were fed three fishmeal and plant-derived protein-based diets supplemented with 15% fresh fish oil (CTL diet), 15% fresh fish oil from tuna by-products (BYP diet) or 15% autooxidized fish oil (OX diet) over a 12-week growth trial at 17.5 ± 0.5 °C. No significant differences in growth performance were recorded between dietary groups...
December 27, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282608/dietary-application-of-the-probiotic-lactobacillus-plantarum-426951-enhances-immune-status-and-growth-of-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-vaccinated-against-yersinia-ruckeri
#9
Mehdi Soltani, Komael Pakzad, Ali Taheri-Mirghaed, Saeed Mirzargar, Seyed Pezhman Hosseini Shekarabi, Parasto Yosefi, Narges Soleymani
This study was aimed to assess the effect of oral application of Lactobacillus plantarum (2 × 107 CFU g-1 feed) as a probiotic on growth performance and immune status of vaccinated rainbow trout (29.5 ± 2 g) to yersiniosis at 16 ± 2 °C for 72 days. Fish were randomly allocated into 12 fiber glass tanks (4100 L) at a density of 80 fish per tank (240 fish per treatment). The results revealed that the activity of lysozyme and alkaline phosphatase was significantly higher in immunized fish fed with diet supplemented with probiotic (vaccine +probiotic) than that in the immunized group fed with basal diet (vaccine group) while no significant differences in levels of hematological parameters, complements, total IgM, proteins, and the intestine lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were detected...
December 27, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274924/vp2-pta-motif-encoding-dna-vaccine-confers-protection-against-lethal-challenge-with-infectious-pancreatic-necrosis-virus-ipnv-in-trout
#10
Sohrab Ahmadivand, Mehdi Soltani, Mahdi Behdani, Øystein Evensen, Ehsan Alirahimi, Elahe Soltani, Reza Hassanzadeh, Javad Ashrafi-Helan
IPNV in Atlantic salmon is represented by various strains with different virulence and immunogenicity linked to various motifs of the VP2 capsid. IPNV variant with P217, T221, A247 (PTA) motif is found to be avirulent in Atlantic salmon, but virulent in rainbow trout, and other salmonid species. This study describes a DNA vaccine delivered intramuscularly encoding the VP2 protein of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) with PTA motif that confers high protection in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)...
December 21, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238889/immunomodulatory-effects-of-rhodomyrtus-tomentosa-leaf-extract-and-its-derivative-compound-rhodomyrtone-on-head-kidney-macrophages-of-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#11
Pinanong Na-Phatthalung, Mariana Teles, Supayang Piyawan Voravuthikunchai, Lluís Tort, Camino Fierro-Castro
Rhodomyrtus tomentosa is a medicinal plant that shows biological effects including immunomodulatory activity on human and other mammals but not in fish. In this study, we evaluated the in vitro immunomodulatory effects of R. tomentosa leaf extract and its active compound, rhodomyrtone, on the immune responses, using rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) head kidney (HK) macrophages as a model. The tested immune functions included the expression of genes involved in innate immune and inflammatory responses and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
December 13, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236159/rapid-detection-of-sublethal-toxicity-using-locomotor-activity-of-rainbow-trout-juveniles
#12
Tomas Makaras, Gintaras Svecevičius, Nijolė Kazlauskienė, Danguolė Montvydienė
This study examined changes in locomotor activity of the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) juveniles exposed to sublethal concentrations of hexavalent chromium (Cr6+) (as a single pollutant) and landfill leachate (as an complex mixture of mainly organic compounds, including trace amounts of metals). Fish were first examined for baseline behavior patterns for 3 h to determine the appropriate duration of acclimation and the control level. The average velocity of fish was found to be the most informative among other endpoints throughout the 3 h long acclimation...
December 13, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223736/transepithelial-transfer-of-phenanthrene-but-not-of-benzo-a-pyrene-is-inhibited-by-fatty-acids-in-the-proximal-intestine-of-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#13
Stefan de Gelder, Henrik Sundh, Thamar N M Pelgrim, Josef D Rasinger, Lotte van Daal, Gert Flik, Marc H G Berntssen, Peter H M Klaren
The inclusion of vegetable oils in aquafeeds introduces contaminating polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in salmonids. Since lipophilic PAHs solubilize in micelles composed of lipids, bile salts and fatty acids, dietary lipid composition can alter intestinal transepithelial PAH transfer. We studied the uptake of two PAHs, viz. benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) and phenanthrene (PHE), in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) intestine. We also investigated the effects of two fatty acids, viz. fish oil-derived eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) and vegetable oil-derived oleic acid (18:1n-9) on intestinal uptake...
December 6, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190806/size-conditional-smolting-and-the-response-of-carmel-river-steelhead-to-two-decades-of-conservation-efforts
#14
Juan Lopez Arriaza, David A Boughton, Kevan Urquhart, Marc Mangel
Threshold effects are common in ecosystems and can generate counterintuitive outcomes in management interventions. A threshold effect proposed for steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) is size-conditional smolting and marine survival. Steelhead are anadromous, maturing in the ocean but migrating to freshwater to spawn, where their offspring reside for one or more years before smolting-physiologically transforming to a saltwater form-and migrating to the ocean. In conditional smolting, juveniles transform only if growth exceeds a threshold body size prior to migration season, and subsequent marine survival correlates with size at ocean entry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188048/effects-of-cooking-techniques-on-fatty-acid-and-oxylipin-content-of-farmed-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#15
Katrina Flaskerud, Michael Bukowski, Mikhail Golovko, LuAnn Johnson, Stephen Brose, Ashrifa Ali, Beth Cleveland, Matthew Picklo, Susan Raatz
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of various cooking techniques on the fatty acid and oxylipin content of farmed rainbow trout. Rainbow trout is an excellent source of long-chain omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) which have beneficial health effects. Fillets of 2-year-old farmed rainbow trout were baked, broiled, microwaved, or pan-fried in corn (CO), canola (CaO), peanut (PO), or high oleic sunflower oil (HOSO). Fatty acids and oxidized lipids were extracted from these samples and their respective raw fillet samples...
November 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160217/morphological-and-molecular-confirmation-of-myxobolus-cerebralis-myxospores-infecting-wild%C3%A2-caught-and-cultured-trout-in-north-carolina-se-usa
#16
Carlos F Ruiz, Jacob M Rash, Cova R Arias, Doug A Besler, Raphael Orélis-Ribeiro, Matthew R Womble, Jackson R Roberts, Micah B Warren, Candis L Ray, Stacey Lafrentz, Stephen A Bullard
We used microscopy and molecular biology to provide the first documentation of infections of Myxobolus cerebralis (Myxozoa: Myxobolidae), the etiological agent of whirling disease, in trout (Salmonidae) from North Carolina (USA) river basins. A total of 1085 rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss, 696 brown trout Salmo trutta, and 319 brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis from 43 localities across 9 river basins were screened. Myxospores were observed microscopically in pepsin-trypsin digested heads of rainbow and brown trout from the Watauga River Basin...
November 21, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148587/experimental-infection-by-yersinia-ruckeri-o1-biotype-2-induces-brain-lesions-and-neurological-signs-in-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#17
H K Strøm, M Ohtani, B Nowak, T S Boutrup, B Jones, M K Raida, A M Bojesen
Pathological manifestations in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) following experimental waterborne infection with Yersinia ruckeri serotype O1 biotype 2 (strain 07111224) were investigated. Rainbow trout were exposed to 8 × 10(7)  CFU/ml of Y. ruckeri by bath for 6 hr, and mortality was then monitored for 22 days post-infection (dpi). Organs were sampled at 3 dpi and also from moribund fish showing signs of severe systemic infection such as bleeding, exophthalmia or erratic swimming behaviour. Y. ruckeri was observed in the meninges and diencephalon of the brain, and lamina propria of olfactory organ at 3 dpi...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146445/interplay-between-daily-rhythmic-serum-mediated-bacterial-killing-activity-and-immune-defence-factors-in-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#18
Carlo C Lazado, Manuel Gesto, Lone Madsen, Alfred Jokumsen
Circadian rhythm is emerging as an important regulator of immune functions. However, there is a paucity of information on the influence of this biological phenomenon in the antimicrobial factors in teleost fish. This study investigated the dynamics and interplay of serum-mediated bacterial killing activity and immune defence factors throughout the light:dark (LD) cycle in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). The juvenile fish came from two different emergence time fractions (i.e., late and early) that were believed to exhibit behavioural and physiological differences...
November 13, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137620/isocitrate-dehydrogenase-mutation-in-vibrio-anguillarum-results-in-virulence-attenuation-and-immunoprotection-in-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#19
Xiangyu Mou, Edward J Spinard, Shelby L Hillman, David R Nelson
BACKGROUND: Vibrio anguillarum is an extracellular bacterial pathogen that is a causative agent of vibriosis in finfish and crustaceans with mortality rates ranging from 30% to 100%. Mutations in central metabolism (glycolysis and the TCA cycle) of intracellular pathogens often result in attenuated virulence due to depletion of required metabolic intermediates; however, it was not known whether mutations in central metabolism would affect virulence in an extracellular pathogen such as V...
November 14, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126991/rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-adipose-tissue-undergoes-major-changes-in-immune-gene-expression-following-bacterial-infection-or-stimulation-with-pro-inflammatory-molecules
#20
Kimberly A Veenstra, Eakapol Wangkahart, Tiehui Wang, Lincoln Tubbs, Juliette Ben Arous, Christopher J Secombes
In mammals, visceral adipose is increasingly seen as playing an important role in immune function with numerous pro-inflammatory, anti-inflammatory and immune-modulating proteins and peptides being identified in adipocytes. Adipose is also now known as a tissue that has an important role in the regulation of peritoneal immune responses. Despite this, only lately has consideration been given to visceral adipose as an important immune tissue in fish, especially in the context of intraperitoneal vaccination. The present study demonstrates that fish visceral adipose is capable of expressing a large range of immune molecules in response to stimulation with a live bacterium (A...
November 7, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
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