keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Adverse childhood experience

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155486/toxic-stress-and-child-refugees
#1
John S Murray
The purpose of this article was to describe the phenomenon of toxic stress and its impact on the physical and mental health of child refugees. Almost two decades ago, researchers found that recurring adverse childhood events (ACEs; e.g., physical, psychological, and sexual abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction such as substance abuse, mental illness, and criminal behavior) were associated with a significant increase in serious illnesses during adulthood. Illnesses include heart, lung, and liver disease, cancer, and bone fractures...
November 20, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151165/methods-for-understanding-childhood-trauma-modifying-the-adverse-childhood-experiences-international-questionnaire-for-cultural-competency
#2
Megan Quinn, Gabrielle Caldara, Kathleen Collins, Heather Owens, Ifeoma Ozodiegwu, Elaine Loudermilk, Jill D Stinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141978/cobalamin-status-from-pregnancy-to-early-childhood-lessons-from-global-experience
#3
REVIEW
Rima Obeid, Michelle Murphy, Pol Solé-Navais, Chittaranjan Yajnik
Low cobalamin intake and status during pregnancy or lactation have been linked to adverse maternal and perinatal health outcomes, whereas low cobalamin status during early childhood is associated with impaired development in children. Women who begin pregnancy with depleted stores (low or very low plasma cobalamin) will give birth to depleted infants who are likely to develop deficiency symptoms during the first few weeks or months postpartum. Newly ingested cobalamin during pregnancy and lactation (from diet or supplements) is transferred to the child and is not likely to correct cobalamin status in depleted women...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141785/environmental-adversities-and-psychotic-symptoms-the-impact-of-timing-of-trauma-abuse-and-neglect
#4
Inga Schalinski, Susanne Breinlinger, Vanessa Hirt, Martin H Teicher, Michael Odenwald, Brigitte Rockstroh
BACKGROUND: Trauma and adverse childhood experiences (ACE) occur more often in mental illness, including psychosis, than in the general population. Individuals with psychosis (cases) report a higher number and severity (dose) of adversities than healthy controls. While a dose-dependent increase of adversities has been related to more severe psychopathology, the role of type and timing is still insufficiently understood on the exacerbation of positive and negative psychotic symptoms. Moreover, dissociative symptoms were examined as potential mediator between adversities and severity of psychotic symptoms...
November 13, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140276/clinical-profile-associated-with-adverse-childhood-experiences-the-advent-of-nervous-system-dysregulation
#5
Jorina Elbers, Cynthia R Rovnaghi, Brenda Golianu, Kanwaljeet J S Anand
BACKGROUND: We report the prevalence of children with multiple medical symptoms in a pediatric neurology clinic, describe their symptom profiles, and explore their association with adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 100 consecutive patients from an outpatient pediatric neurology clinic. Patients were included if they were ≥5 years old and reported ≥4 symptoms that were unexplained for ≥3-months. Symptom profiles across six functional domains were recorded: (1) executive dysfunction, (2) sleep disturbances, (3) autonomic dysregulation, (4) somatization, (5) digestive symptoms, and (6) emotional dysregulation...
November 15, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139608/current-state-of-screening-high-ace-youth-and-emerging-adults-in-primary-care
#6
Michelle Pardee, Elizabeth Kuzma, Chin Hwa Gina Y Dahlem, Nicole Boucher, Cynthia S Darling-Fisher
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Trauma comes in many forms, including interpersonal, community, and institutional trauma. The adverse childhood event (ACE) studies demonstrated that adverse experiences in childhood can have a profound, cumulative impact on the course of health and development over a lifetime. It is critical for healthcare providers, such as nurse practitioners (NPs), working in primary care to screen adolescents and emerging adults for a history of ACEs and trauma. A review of current assessment tools used in assessing this population in health settings is needed to determine how screening for ACEs is being performed...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137868/what-works-in-inclusion-health-overview-of-effective-interventions-for-marginalised-and-excluded-populations
#7
REVIEW
Serena Luchenski, Nick Maguire, Robert W Aldridge, Andrew Hayward, Alistair Story, Patrick Perri, James Withers, Sharon Clint, Suzanne Fitzpatrick, Nigel Hewett
Inclusion health is a service, research, and policy agenda that aims to prevent and redress health and social inequities among the most vulnerable and excluded populations. We did an evidence synthesis of health and social interventions for inclusion health target populations, including people with experiences of homelessness, drug use, imprisonment, and sex work. These populations often have multiple overlapping risk factors and extreme levels of morbidity and mortality. We identified numerous interventions to improve physical and mental health, and substance use; however, evidence is scarce for structural interventions, including housing, employment, and legal support that can prevent exclusion and promote recovery...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135081/adverse-childhood-experiences-aces-and-adiposity-in-adolescents-a-cross-cohort-comparison
#8
Ana Luiza G Soares, Alicia Matijasevich, Ana M B Menezes, Maria Cecília Assunção, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Laura D Howe, Helen Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and adiposity in adolescents from two cohorts in different socioeconomic contexts. METHODS: Data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC, United Kingdom) and the 1993 Pelotas Cohort (Brazil) were used. Six ACEs were assessed in both cohorts up to age 15. At 15 years, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) were measured, and at 18 years, BMI, fat mass index, and android fat percentage were assessed...
November 14, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134659/annual-research-review-the-persistent-and-pervasive-impact-of-being-bullied-in-childhood-and-adolescence-implications-for-policy-and-practice
#9
REVIEW
Louise Arseneault
BACKGROUND: We have known for some time that being bullied was associated with children's and adolescents' adjustment difficulties and well-being. In recent years, we have come to recognise that the impact of childhood bullying victimisation on the development of mental health problems is more complex. This paper aims to review the evidence for an independent contribution of childhood bullying victimisation to the development of poor outcomes throughout the life span, including mental, physical and socioeconomic outcomes, and discuss the implications for policy and practice...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119819/stories-of-survival-children-s-narratives-of-psychosocial-well-being-following-paediatric-critical-illness-or-injury
#10
Joseph C Manning, Pippa Hemingway, Sarah A Redsell
Survival from critical illness can expose children to an array of negative physical and psychological problems. While the perspective of parents and professionals have been well documented, there is limited understanding of how childhood critical care survivors make sense of their experiences in relation to psychosocial well-being. We aimed to explore long-term psychosocial well-being of childhood survivors of critical illness through their stories. A qualitative, exploratory study using serial in-depth interviews was employed...
September 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117877/post-traumatic-symptomatology-and-compulsions-as-potential-mediators-of-the-relation-between-child-sexual-abuse-and-auditory-verbal-hallucinations
#11
Simon McCarthy-Jones
BACKGROUND: Whilst evidence is mounting that childhood sexual abuse (CSA) can be a cause of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH), it is unclear what factors mediate this relation. Recent evidence suggests that post-traumatic symptomatology may mediate the CSA-AVH relation in clinical populations, although this hypothesis has not yet been tested in the general population. There is also reason to believe that obsessive ideation could mediate the CSA-AVH relation. AIMS: To test for evidence to falsify the hypotheses that post-traumatic symptomatology, obsessions, compulsions, anxiety and depression mediate the relation between CSA and AVH in a general population sample...
November 9, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113506/latent-classes-and-cumulative-impacts-of-adverse-childhood-experiences
#12
Gia Elise Barboza
Studies of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have gauged severity using a cumulative risk (CR) index. Few studies have focused on the nature of the context of adversity and their association with psychosocial outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine the patterning of ACEs and to explore the resultant patterns' association with HIV risk-taking, problem drinking, and depressive symptoms in adulthood. Latent class analysis (LCA) was used to identify homogeneous, mutually exclusive "classes" of 11 of the most commonly used ACEs...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105572/mild-adverse-childhood-experiences-increase-neural-efficacy-during-affective-theory-of-mind
#13
Benedetta Vai, Martina Riberto, Davide Ghiglino, Irene Bollettini, Andrea Falini, Francesco Benedetti, Sara Poletti
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) affect the development of social cognition (and identify a risk factor for several physical and mental disorders). Theory of Mind (ToM) is a key predictor of social functioning, mental health, and quality of life. No previous study explored the effect of mild ACEs on the neural correlates of ToM in healthy humans. In 23 healthy participants, we used brain blood oxygen level-dependent fMRI to study the effect of ACEs on the neural responses to tasks targeting affective and cognitive ToM...
November 5, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104801/childhood-adversities-are-not-a-predictors-of-sstr4met-in-alcoholics
#14
Dominika Berent, Michał Pogórski, Dominika Kulczycka-Wojdala, Ewa Kusideł, Marian Macander, Zofia Pawłowska
Background: Genome methylation may modulate synaptic plasticity, being a potential background for mental disorder. Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), known to be frequently reported by patients with alcohol dependence (AD), have been proposed as one of environmental inequities influencing DNA methylation. The study is aiming 1.To assess a promoter region methylation in gene for somatostatin receptor subtype-4 (SSTR4), a receptor for somatostatin, a neurotransmitter engaged in neuroplasticity and memory formation, in patients with AD; 2...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096774/thinking-across-generations-unique-contributions-of-maternal-early-life-and-prenatal-stress-to-infant-physiology
#15
Sarah A O Gray, Christopher W Jones, Katherine P Theall, Erin Glackin, Stacy S Drury
OBJECTIVE: Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) is a parasympathetic-mediated biomarker of self-regulation linked to lifespan mental and physical health outcomes. Intergenerational impacts of mothers' exposure to prenatal stress have been demonstrated, but evidence for biological embedding of maternal preconception stress, including adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), on infant RSA is lacking. We examine the independent effects of maternal ACEs and prenatal stress on infant RSA, seeking to broaden the understanding of the earliest origins of mental and physical health risk...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094450/management-of-pediatric-psoriasis-with-acitretin-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Smriti Subedi, Qian Yu, Zeyu Chen, Yuling Shi
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin which can occur at any age-group. Psoriasis in childhood is not uncommon and has genetic susceptibility but usually, an environmental trigger such as infection is thought to initiate the disease process. Pediatric psoriasis has profound effects on both physical and psychosocial health of the patient. Treatment of mild psoriasis can be done with topical therapies but those which do not respond to topical therapies can be treated with phototherapy and systemic therapies...
November 1, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094067/comorbidities-confounding-the-outcomes-of-surgery-for-third-window-syndrome-outlier-analysis
#17
P Ashley Wackym, Heather T Mackay-Promitas, Shaban Demirel, Gerard J Gianoli, Martin S Gizzi, Dale M Carter, David A Siker
Objective: Patients with third window syndrome and superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD) symptoms whose surgical outcomes placed them as outliers were systematically studied to determine comorbidities that were responsible for their poor outcomes due to these confounding factors. Study Design: Observational analytic case-control study in a tertiary referral center. Methods: Twelve adult patients with clinical SSCD syndrome underwent surgical management and had outcomes that did not resolve all of their subjective symptoms...
October 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084329/association-between-early-life-adversity-and-risk-for-poor-emotional-and-physical-health-in-adolescence-a-putative-mechanistic-neurodevelopmental-pathway
#18
Joan L Luby, Deanna Barch, Diana Whalen, Rebecca Tillman, Andy Belden
Importance: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been associated with poor mental and physical health outcomes. However, the mechanism of this effect, critical to enhancing public health, remains poorly understood. Objective: To investigate the neurodevelopmental trajectory of the association between early ACEs and adolescent general and emotional health outcomes. Design, Setting, and Participants: A prospective longitudinal study that began when patients were aged 3 to 6 years who underwent neuroimaging later at ages 7 to 12 years and whose mental and physical health outcomes were observed at ages 9 to 15 years...
October 30, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080551/the-dexamethasone-corticotropin-releasing-hormone-test-in-healthy-and-depressed-women-with-and-without-childhood-adversity
#19
Carsten Spitzer, Christian Otte, Linn K Kuehl, Anita May, Katharina Schultebraucks, Julian Hellmann-Regen, Katja Wingenfeld
BACKGROUND: Alterations of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis are a prominent finding in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Inconsistencies regarding a hyper- or hypoactive HPA axis may be explained by the moderating effect of childhood adverse experiences (ACE) which are associated with both HPA axis dysfunction and MDD in adulthood. We aimed to systematically disentangle the effects of ACE and MDD on HPA axis by comparing healthy women with and without childhood adversity and women with MDD with and without ACE...
October 23, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066713/hallucinations-in-borderline-personality-disorder-prevalence-characteristics-and-associations-with-comorbid-symptoms-and-disorders
#20
Maria B A Niemantsverdriet, Christina W Slotema, Jan Dirk Blom, Ingmar H Franken, Hans W Hoek, Iris E C Sommer, Mark van der Gaag
To establish the point prevalence of hallucinations in borderline personality disorder (BPD), telephone interviews were conducted with 324 outpatients diagnosed with BPD. Then a subgroup (n = 98) was interviewed in person to investigate the co-occurrence of these phenomena with other psychotic symptoms, comorbid psychiatric disorders, prior childhood adversities, and adult life stressors. For hallucinations in general a point prevalence of 43% was found, with rates for hallucinations in separate sensory modalities ranging from 8-21%...
October 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
8107
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"