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Adverse childhood experience

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318338/latent-class-profiles-of-anxiety-symptom-trajectories-from-preschool-through-school-age
#1
Sarah J Kertz, Chad Sylvester, Rebecca Tillman, Joan L Luby
Anxiety typically arises early in childhood and decreases during school age. However, little is known about the earlier developmental course of anxiety in preschool, especially in at risk children, posing a clinically important problem. Given that anxiety in youth has a chronic course for some and also predicts later development of other mental health problems, it is important to identify factors early in development that may predict chronic anxiety symptoms. At-risk children (oversampled for depression) and caregivers completed 6 assessment waves beginning at preschool age (between 3-5...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318309/the-moderating-effect-of-risk-exposure-on-an-efficacious-intervention-for-maltreated-children
#2
Lindsey M Weiler, Heather N Taussig
The current study extends research on the impact of the Fostering Healthy Futures program (Taussig & Culhane, 2010), a 9-month mentoring and skills group preventive intervention for maltreated children, by examining whether the effect of Fostering Healthy Futures is moderated by children's baseline risk exposure (i.e., number of adverse childhood experiences). Participants included 156 racially and ethnically diverse children (ages 9-11, 50.7% female) recently placed in foster care due to maltreatment who were randomized to intervention or control conditions...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315191/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-adolescence
#3
REVIEW
Rebecca C Brown, Paul L Plener
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a common mental health threat among adolescents. This review aims to present the current literature on epidemiology, etiology, and therapeutic approaches with a focus on the period of adolescence. RECENT FINDINGS: NSSI is widespread among adolescents both in community as well as in clinical settings with lifetime prevalence rates between 17 and 60% in recent studies. It is influenced by multiple factors including social contagion, interpersonal stressors, neurobiological background, as well as emotional dysregulation and adverse experiences in childhood...
March 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302306/further-victimization-of-child-sexual-abuse-victims-a-latent-class-typology-of-re-victimization-trajectories
#4
Nina L Papalia, Stefan Luebbers, James R P Ogloff, Margaret Cutajar, Paul E Mullen, Emily Mann
The association between child sexual abuse (CSA) and risk for re-victimization is well-documented; however, less is known about the temporal progression of re-victimization experiences over the early life-course among CSA survivors, and whether this differs from that of those without known sexual abuse histories. This study investigated whether there are distinct temporal pathways of interpersonal re-victimization between the ages of 10-25 years among medically confirmed CSA cases, and considered whether abuse variables, re-victimization variables, and the presence of other adverse outcomes, were associated with heterogeneity in re-victimization pathways...
March 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296938/childhood-adversities-and-distress-the-role-of-resilience-in-a-representative-sample
#5
Manfred E Beutel, Ana N Tibubos, Eva M Klein, Gabriele Schmutzer, Iris Reiner, Rüya-Daniela Kocalevent, Elmar Brähler
While adverse childhood experiences have been shown to contribute to adverse health outcomes in adulthood, specifically distress and somatic symptoms, few studies have examined their joint effects with resilient coping style on adult adjustment. Hence, we aim to determine the association between resilient coping and distress in participants with and without reported childhood adversities. A representative German community sample (N = 2508) between 14-92 years (1334 women; 1174 men) was examined by the short form of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Brief Resilience Coping Scale, standardized scales of distress and somatoform symptoms...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292704/victimization-and-adversity-among-children-experiencing-war-related-parental-absence-or-deployment-in-a-nationally-representative-us-sample
#6
Heather A Turner, David Finkelhor, Sherry Hamby, Megan Henly
This study compares children and youth who have experienced lifetime war-related parental absence or deployment with those having no such history on a variety of victimization types, non-victimization adversity, trauma symptoms, and delinquency; and assesses whether cumulative adversity and victimization help to explain elevated emotional and behavioral problems among children of parents who have experienced war-related absence or deployment. The National Surveys of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV) are comprised of three cross-sectional telephone surveys conducted in 2008, 2011, and 2014...
March 11, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292658/non-violent-and-violent-forms-of-childhood-abuse-in-the-prediction-of-suicide-attempts-direct-or-indirect-effects-through-psychiatric-disorders
#7
Natalie J Sachs-Ericsson, Ian H Stanley, Julia L Sheffler, Edward Selby, Thomas E Joiner
BACKGROUND: Childhood abuse is linked to suicide. Potential pathways include the increased risk for the development of psychiatric disorders and the contribution of abuse to suicide capability. The current study compared the effects of childhood non-violent and violent abuse in the prediction of suicide attempts, and examined the potential mediated effects of psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Data from the National Comorbidity Surveys were obtained. At baseline, assessments of childhood non-violent abuse (e...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290763/psychosocial-risk-factors-and-treatment-of-new-onset-and-recurrent-depression-during-the-post-partum-period
#8
Pirjo Kettunen, Jukka Hintikka
BACKGROUND: When developing maternity care services, it is important to know how psychosocial factors affect the course of post-partum depression (PPD), and how depressed mothers are treated. AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess how adverse childhood experiences, poor present support and violence, and low socioeconomic status (SES) associate with PPD, specifically in new onset and recurrent post-partum depression. The second aim is to assess the treatment received for PPD...
March 14, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286001/understanding-high-utilization-of-unscheduled-care-in-pregnant-women-of-low-socioeconomic-status
#9
Pooja K Mehta, Tamala Carter, Cjloe Vinoya, Shreya Kangovi, Sindhu K Srinivas
BACKGROUND: Pregnant high utilizers of unscheduled care may be at particular risk for poor perinatal outcomes, but the drivers of this association have not been explored from the patient perspective. PURPOSE: We sought to understand maternal preference for unscheduled hospital-based obstetric care to inform interventions and improve value of publicly funded care during pregnancy. METHODS: We conducted a comparative qualitative analysis of in-depth semistructured interviews...
March 9, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284045/dosing-considerations-for-rufinamide-in-patients-with-lennox-gastaut-syndrome-phase-iii-trial-results-and-real-world-clinical-data
#10
Sanjeev Kothare, Gerhard Kluger, Rajesh Sachdeo, Betsy Williams, Omar Olhaye, Carlos Perdomo, Francesco Bibbiani
PURPOSE: Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS), a rare, severe form of childhood-onset epilepsy, is difficult to control. Rufinamide is indicated for adjunctive treatment of seizures associated with LGS in adults and pediatric patients aged ≥1 year. In clinical practice, rufinamide dosing and titration may differ from the trial setting. Here, rufinamide clinical trial data are compared with real-world experience to provide insight into optimal dosing and titration strategies. METHODS: Rufinamide Phase III and open-label extension (OLE) studies were reviewed; effect of titration and dose on adverse events (AEs) and concomitant AED use were analyzed...
February 17, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281919/retraumatization-mediates-the-effect-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-on-clinical-training-related-secondary-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#11
Lisa D Butler, Eugene Maguin, Janice Carello
Previous research (AuthorCitation1) has found that exposure to trauma-related material in graduate clinical coursework and field training can put students at risk for reactivations of feelings/memories from negative past experiences (retraumatization) and for secondary traumatic stress (STS) symptoms. The present report sought to examine the role, if any, of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in these outcomes. Using the AuthorCitaiton2 sample, we examined: (1) rates of ACEs in 195 graduate social work students, (2) whether the total number of ACEs was associated with training-related retraumatization (TRT) and/or STS symptoms, and (3) if TRT mediated the relationship between ACEs and STS symptoms...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281426/the-efficacy-of-intravitreal-antivascular-endothelial-growth-factor-as-primary-treatment-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity-experience-from-a-tertiary-hospital
#12
H Kana, I Mayet, D Soma, H Dawood Alli, S Biddulph
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vasoproliferative disease affecting premature babies and a major cause of blindness in childhood. Appropriate screening and treatment can prevent blindness. OBJECTIVE: To report on the efficacy of using antivascular endothelial growth factor (bevacizumab) as first-line therapy in ROP. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of patients with ROP treated at St John Eye Hospital, Johannesburg, South Africa, over a 3-year period...
February 27, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281135/resilience-resources-moderate-the-association-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-with-adulthood-inflammation
#13
Jean-Philippe Gouin, Warren Caldwell, Robbie Woods, William B Malarkey
BACKGROUND: Exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACE) has been associated with elevated circulating inflammatory markers in adulthood. Despite the robust effect of ACE on later health outcomes, not all individuals exposed to ACE suffer from poor health. PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to evaluate whether current resilience resources may attenuate the impact of ACE on inflammatory markers among individuals with elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. METHODS: Participants (N = 174) completed one-time self-report questionnaires assessing ACE exposure within the first 18 years of life and current resilience resources, and provided blood samples for interleukin-6 (IL-6) and CRP...
March 9, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277715/predicting-domestic-and-community-violence-by-soldiers-living-in-a-conflict-region
#14
Corina Nandi, Thomas Elbert, Manassé Bambonye, Roland Weierstall, Manfred Reichert, Anja Zeller, Anselm Crombach
OBJECTIVE: Past research revealed war trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms as potential predictors for domestic and community violence in crisis regions and among soldiers in different armed conflicts. The impact of family violence and other adversities experienced in childhood as well as of a combat-enhanced appeal for aggressive behavior (appetitive aggression) remains to be specified. METHOD: In the present study, the authors separately predicted violence against children, intimate partner violence and community violence in 381 Burundian soldiers returning from foreign deployment and living in a post- conflict region...
March 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270931/design-and-methods-of-the-pan-canadian-applying-biomarkers-to-minimize-long-term-effects-of-childhood-adolescent-cancer-treatment-able-nephrotoxicity-study-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#15
Kelly R McMahon, Shahrad Rod Rassekh, Kirk R Schultz, Maury Pinsk, Tom Blydt-Hansen, Cherry Mammen, Ross T Tsuyuki, Prasad Devarajan, Geoff D E Cuvelier, Lesley G Mitchell, Sylvain Baruchel, Ana Palijan, Bruce C Carleton, Colin J D Ross, Michael Zappitelli
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors experience adverse drug events leading to lifelong health issues. The Applying Biomarkers to Minimize Long-Term Effects of Childhood/Adolescent Cancer Treatment (ABLE) team was established to validate and apply biomarkers of cancer treatment effects, with a goal of identifying children at high risk of developing cancer treatment complications associated with thrombosis, graft-versus-host disease, hearing loss, and kidney damage. Cisplatin is a chemotherapy well known to cause acute and chronic nephrotoxicity...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264496/the-role-of-mindfulness-in-reducing-the-adverse-effects-of-childhood-stress-and-trauma
#16
REVIEW
Robin Ortiz, Erica M Sibinga
Research suggests that many children are exposed to adverse experiences in childhood. Such adverse childhood exposures may result in stress and trauma, which are associated with increased morbidity and mortality into adulthood. In general populations and trauma-exposed adults, mindfulness interventions have demonstrated reduced depression and anxiety, reduced trauma-related symptoms, enhanced coping and mood, and improved quality of life. Studies in children and youth also demonstrate that mindfulness interventions improve mental, behavioral, and physical outcomes...
February 28, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260193/management-and-prognosis-of-adrenocortical-tumors-in-children-can-we-find-out-an-appropriate-points-scoring-system-to-predict-prognosis
#17
Wei Ru, Min Yang, Shan Xu, Minju Li, Daxing Tang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Adrenocortical tumors (ACTs) are rare in childhood. There are no recognized criteria to exactly distinguish between benign and malignant forms, or predict prognosis. The incidence of tumor varies across geographic regions or ethnicities, as well as malignant proportion. The aim of this study is to examine a single institution's experience with pediatric ACTs and to validate the prognostic value of the biologic/pathologic criteria of Wienecke. METHODS: Records of 26 pediatric ACTs between 1994 and 2016 in our center were reviewed retrospectively...
March 4, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258336/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-disordered-gambling-assessing-the-mediating-role-of-emotion-dysregulation
#18
Julia C Poole, Hyoun S Kim, Keith S Dobson, David C Hodgins
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), such as sexual and physical abuse, have been established as risk factors for the development of disordered gambling. The underlying mechanism by which ACEs influence disordered gambling, however, remains unknown. The aims of the present research were to comprehensively investigate ten types of childhood adversity and their relationships to disordered gambling in adulthood, and to test whether emotion dysregulation mediated the relationship between ACEs and disordered gambling...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258335/gender-differences-in-the-effects-of-childhood-adversity-on-alcohol-drug-and-polysubstance-related-disorders
#19
Elizabeth A Evans, Christine E Grella, Dawn M Upchurch
PURPOSE: To examine gender differences in the associations between childhood adversity and different types of substance use disorders and whether gender moderates these relationships. METHODS: We analyzed data from 19,209 women and 13,898 men as provided by Wave 2 (2004-2005) of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) to examine whether gender moderates the associations between childhood adversity and DSM-IV defined lifetime occurrence of alcohol, drug, and polysubstance-related disorders...
March 3, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249881/non-epileptic-attack-disorder-the-importance-of-diagnosis-and-treatment
#20
Jon Mark Dickson, Marian Peacock, Richard A Grünewald, Stephanie Howlett, Paul Bissell, Markus Reuber
A 50-year-old woman was taken to hospital by emergency ambulance during her first seizure. She was admitted to hospital, treated with intravenous diazepam, diagnosed with epilepsy and started on antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy. This was ineffective so she was referred to a tertiary centre where she underwent video EEG and was diagnosed with non-epileptic attack disorder. Her experience of the diagnosis was positive; it allowed her to understand what was happening to her and to understand the link between her seizures, adverse childhood experiences and the death of her mother...
March 1, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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