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Adverse childhood experience

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350573/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-screening-for-adverse-childhood-experiences-in-prenatal-care
#1
Tracy Flanagan, Amy Alabaster, Brigid McCaw, Nicole Stoller, Carey Watson, Kelly C Young-Wolff
INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are common among pregnant women and contribute to increased risk for negative perinatal outcomes, yet few clinicians screen prenatal patients for ACEs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of screening for ACEs in standard prenatal care. METHODS: We evaluated a 4-month pilot (March 2016-June 2016) to screen pregnant women (at ∼14-23 weeks of gestation) for ACEs and resiliency in two Kaiser Permanente Northern California medical centers (N = 480)...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349715/-sex-is-a-sin-afro-caribbean-parent-and-teen-perspectives-on-sex-conversations
#2
Kemesha S Gabbidon, Mary Shaw-Ridley
This study characterized (a) mothers' childhood and teenage experiences with sex conversations and (b) families' perceptions of current parent-child sex conversations within two underserved Afro-Caribbean communities in the U.S. Fourteen dyads comprised of Haitian and Jamaican mothers and teens (aged 14-18) living in Miami, Florida, completed semi-structured interviews sharing their experiences with sex conversations. Researchers analyzed data using thematic content analysis. Mothers' mean age was 41.85 years, (SD = 5...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328889/respiratory-phenotypes-for-preterm-infants-children-and-adults-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-and-more
#3
Joseph M Collaco, Sharon A McGrath-Morrow
Ongoing advancements in neonatal care since the late 1980's have led to increased numbers of premature infants surviving well beyond the neonatal period. As a result of increased survival, many individuals born preterm manifest chronic respiratory symptoms throughout infancy, childhood and adult life. The archetypical respiratory disease of prematurity, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), is the second most common chronic pediatric respiratory disease after asthma. However, there are several commonly held misconceptions...
January 12, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327631/the-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-adult-traumatic-brain-injury-concussion-a-scoping-review
#4
Zechen Ma, Mark T Bayley, Laure Perrier, Priya Dhir, Lana Dépatie, Paul Comper, Lesley Ruttan, Christine Lay, Sarah E P Munce
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences are significant risk factors for physical and mental illnesses in adulthood. Traumatic brain injury/concussion is a challenging condition where pre-injury factors may affect recovery. The association between childhood adversity and traumatic brain injury/concussion has not been previously reviewed. The research question addressed is: What is known from the existing literature about the association between adverse childhood experiences and traumatic brain injury/concussion in adults? METHODS: All original studies of any type published in English since 2007 on adverse childhood experiences and traumatic brain injury/concussion outcomes were included...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324274/mediators-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-suicidality
#5
Minna Rytilä-Manninen, Henna Haravuori, Sari Fröjd, Mauri Marttunen, Nina Lindberg
We investigated whether psychiatric symptomatology, impulsivity, family and social dysfunction, and alcohol use mediate the relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and suicidality. The study population comprised 206 adolescent psychiatric inpatients and 203 age- and gender-matched adolescents from the community. ACEs and suicidality were assessed using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children - Present and Lifetime version, the Life Events Checklist, and a structured background data collection sheet...
January 8, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310065/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-and-their-association-to-postpartum-depression
#6
Bathsheba Mahenge, Heidi Stöckl, Mucho Mizinduko, Jacob Mazalale, Albrecht Jahn
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and intimate partner violence (IPV) are recognized global health problems. Both ACEs and IPV have been linked to adverse physical and mental health problems for both mothers and infants. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of physical and/or sexual ACEs and IPV and their association to symptoms of postpartum depression among postpartum women in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in three health centers in the three districts of Dar es Salaam, comprising Ilala, Kinondoni and Temeke...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309827/adverse-childhood-experiences-are-associated-with-self-regulation-and-the-magnitude-of-the-error-related-negativity-difference
#7
Christine L Lackner, Diane L Santesso, Jane Dywan, Deborah O'Leary, Terrance J Wade, Sidney J Segalowitz
Trauma and stress, like that which occurs as a result of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), can change brain structure and function, especially in medial prefrontal and hippocampal areas, and can impact self-regulatory skill. The error-related negativity (ERN) is a medial frontal negative event-related potential (ERP) component that is more negative when a participant makes an erroneous versus correct response. We investigated the association of ACEs to adolescents' ERN and self-regulation. Forty-three 12-15 year olds performed a flanker task while EEG data were recorded...
January 5, 2018: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306559/differential-associations-of-adverse-childhood-experience-on-maternal-health
#8
Nicole M Racine, Sheri L Madigan, Andre R Plamondon, Sheila W McDonald, Suzanne C Tough
INTRODUCTION: The current study examined whether three distinct antecedent factors related to maternal adverse childhood experiences were differentially associated with maternal health and psychosocial outcomes in the antepartum period. It was hypothesized that all three adverse childhood experience factors would be positively associated with poor health prior to pregnancy, poor reproductive health history, and health complications and psychosocial difficulties during pregnancy. METHODS: Data from 1,994 women (mean age=30...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300720/prevalence-and-trends-in-prepregnancy-normal-weight-48-states-new-york-city-and-district-of-columbia-2011-2015
#9
Nicholas P Deputy, Bhanuja Dub, Andrea J Sharma
Women who enter pregnancy at a weight above or below normal weight, defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 18.5-24.9 (calculated as weight in kg/height in m2), are more likely to experience adverse pregnancy outcomes and to have infants who experience adverse health outcomes. For example, prepregnancy underweight (BMI <18.5) increases the risk for small-for-gestational-age births, whereas prepregnancy overweight (BMI 25.0-29.9) and obesity (BMI ≥30.0) increase risks for cesarean delivery, large-for-gestational-age births, and childhood obesity (1)...
January 5, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295018/is-there-a-cumulative-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-emerging-adulthood
#10
Valentina Nikulina, Melissa Gelin, Amanda Zwilling
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been shown to cumulatively predict a range of poor physical and mental health outcomes across adulthood. The cumulative effect of ACEs on intimate partner violence (IPV) in emerging adulthood has not been previously explored. The current study examined the individual and cumulative associations between nine ACEs (emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, witnessing domestic violence, living with a mentally ill, substance abusing, or incarcerated household member) and IPV in a diverse sample of college students ( N = 284; Mage = 20...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295003/applying-structural-equation-modeling-to-measure-violence-exposure-and-its-impact-on-mental-health-malawi-violence-against-children-and-young-women-survey-2013
#11
Amy Z Fan, Jin Liu, Howard Kress, Sundeep Gupta, Mary Shawa, Nellie Wadonda-Kabondo, James Mercy
This study examines exposure to multiple forms of violence among Malawian children and youth and their association with mental health outcomes. The Malawi Violence Against Children and Young Women Survey was conducted among a nationally representative sample of males and females aged 13 to 24 years ( n = 2,162) in Malawi in 2013. The experience of sexual, physical, and emotional violence prior to age 18 and during the past 12 months and associated health outcomes were ascertained using a comprehensive interview...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294795/environmental-dysfunctions-childhood-maltreatment-and-women-s-intimate-partner-violence-victimization
#12
Maria Lo Cascio, Cinzia Guarnaccia, Maria Rita Infurna, Laura Mancuso, Anna Maria Parroco, Francesca Giannone
Childhood maltreatment is considered a crucial explanatory variable for intimate partner violence (IPV) in adulthood. However, a developmental multifactorial model for the etiology of IPV is not shared by researchers yet. This study has investigated the role of a wide range of childhood maltreatments and family and social dysfunctions in predicting IPV; furthermore, it tests a model where childhood maltreatment mediates the relationship between environmental dysfunctions and IPV. The sample included 78 women: IPV (38) and non-IPV (40)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294760/extending-the-aces-framework-examining-the-relations-between-childhood-abuse-and-later-victimization-and-perpetration-with-college-men
#13
Laura A Voith, RaeAnn E Anderson, Shawn P Cahill
Research has revealed that forms of violence are interconnected, but less work focuses on the interconnection of victimization and perpetration, particularly with men. Subsequently, our understanding of the complexities of violence exposure in men's lives and related policies and treatments remains limited. The present study utilizes a sample of at-risk for violence involvement, college men, to examine the relationships between childhood victimization, adulthood victimization, and adulthood perpetration. Participants are 423 college men receiving course credit who completed a battery of standardized questionnaires via an anonymous web survey...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294721/developmental-timing-of-childhood-physical-and-sexual-maltreatment-predicts-adult-depression-and-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#14
Jessica Jaye Capretto
Child physical and sexual maltreatment have emerged as documented risk factors for a wide range of health problems in adulthood, including depression and post-traumatic stress symptoms. Prior research focuses on generalized childhood adversities without accounting for how different critical details about the maltreatment may affect outcomes in adulthood. The present study examines the impact of two critical details, timing and type of child maltreatment, on depression and post-traumatic stress symptoms in adulthood...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294699/listening-to-the-therapeutic-needs-of-male-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#15
Charlene Rapsey, Anna Campbell, Ken Clearwater, Tess Patterson
Childhood sexual abuse of males is not uncommon with estimated prevalence rates across countries and different studies indicating that 8% of boys experience sexual abuse before age 18. A number of adverse outcomes are recognized in terms of mental health, behavioral, and relational difficulties. However, research also indicates that there is potential for healing. The present study explores the barriers, benefits, and processes involved in engagement in formal therapy for adult survivors of CSA from the male survivor's point of view...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294679/childhood-trauma-social-networks-and-the-mental-health-of-adult-survivors
#16
F David Schneider, Cynthia A Loveland Cook, Joanne Salas, Jeffrey Scherrer, Ivy N Cleveland, Sandra K Burge
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of childhood trauma to the quality of social networks and health outcomes later in adulthood. Data were obtained from a convenience sample of 254 adults seen in one of 10 primary care clinics in the state of Texas. Standardized measures of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), stressful and supportive social relationships, medical conditions, anxiety, depression, and health-related quality of life were administered. Using latent class analysis, subjects were assigned to one of four ACE classes: (a) minimal childhood abuse (56%), (b) physical/verbal abuse of both child and mother with household alcohol abuse (13%), (c) verbal and physical abuse of child with household mental illness (12%), and (d) verbal abuse only (19%)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289662/th17-t-regulator-cell-balance-and-nk-cell-numbers-in-relation-to-psychosis-liability-and-social-stress-reactivity
#17
J Counotte, H A Drexhage, J M Wijkhuijs, R Pot-Kolder, V Bergink, H W Hoek, W Veling
BACKGROUND: Psychotic disorders are characterized by a deranged immune system, including altered number and function of Natural Killer (NK) and T cells. Psychotic disorders arise from an interaction between genetic vulnerability and exposure to environmental risk factors. Exposure to social adversity during early life is particularly relevant to psychosis risk and is thought to increase reactivity to subsequent minor daily social stressors. Virtual reality allows controlled experimental exposure to virtual social stressors...
December 28, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288538/experiences-of-adults-who-as-children-lived-with-a-parent-experiencing-mental-illness-in-a-small-scale-society
#18
Kristianna Dam, Durita G Joensen, Elisabeth O C Hall
INTRODUCTION: An estimated 23% of children worldwide live with a parent experiencing mental illness. These children are exposed to emotional and psychosocial challenges. Little is known about these children when living in small-scale societies. AIM: To explore how adults, who as children lived with parents experiencing mental illness in a small-scale society, recalled their childhood life. METHOD: Individual interviews with 11 adults were analysed using content analysis...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285632/infant-health-and-future-childhood-adversity
#19
Nancy E Reichman, Hope Corman, Kelly Noonan, Manuel E Jiménez
Objective To investigate the extent to which disabling infant health conditions are associated with adverse childhood experiences at age 5. Methods We conducted a secondary analysis of data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a national urban birth cohort. We estimated logistic regression models of associations between the presence of a disabling infant health condition and the child's ACE exposures at age 5, controlling for factors that preceded the child's birth, including the mother's sociodemographic characteristics, physical health, mental illness, and substance abuse and the parents' criminal justice system involvement and domestic violence or sexual abuse...
December 28, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283610/adverse-childhood-experiences-screening-and-health-in-children-from-birth-to-age-5
#20
Lorraine M McKelvey, Nicola A Conners Edge, Shalese Fitzgerald, Shashank Kraleti, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell
INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have lifetime consequences for health and development. This study examined whether there is evidence to support a screening approach that assesses children's current exposures to risks that act as proxies for ACEs, measured in a way that falls below a threshold of explicit abuse, neglect, or illegal behavior. METHOD: We used data collected during routine home visitations of at-risk children aged 0-5. Home visitors used the Family Map Inventories (FMI; Whiteside-Mansell et al...
December 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
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