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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165723/the-impact-of-hyperosmolarity-on-long-term-outcome-in-patients-presenting-with-severe-hyperglycemic-crisis-a-population-based-study
#1
Ivan Kruljac, Miroslav Ćaćić, Petra Ćaćić, Lora Stanka Kirigin Biloš, Davor Kust, Božidar Perić, Maja Filipović-Grčić, Gorana Mirošević, Vedran Ostojić, Mario Štefanović, Milan Vrkljan
Aims We compared characteristics of patients with hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) and patients with severe hyperglycemia without the signs of hyperosmolarity and ketoacidosis; analyzed long-term all-cause mortality and potential prognostic factors. Methods The studied population included 261 749 adults. HHS was diagnosed in patients with plasma glucose >33.0 mmol/L, ketonuria <1+, and serum osmolarity >320 mmol/L. Patients with plasma glucose >33.0 mmol/L, ketonuria <1+ and serum osmolarity <320 mmol/L were considered as controls (nHHS)...
November 17, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163460/links-between-soil-fungal-diversity-and-plant-and-soil-properties-on-the-loess-plateau
#2
Yang Yang, Yanxing Dou, Yimei Huang, Shaoshan An
Previous studies have revealed inconsistent correlations between fungal diversity and plant/soil properties from local to global scales. Here, we investigated the internal relationships between soil fungal diversity and plant/soil properties on the Loess Plateau following vegetation restoration, using Illumina sequencing of the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) region for fungal identification. We found significant effects of land use types (Af, Artificial forest; Ns, Natural shrub; Ag, Artificial grassland; Ng, Natural grassland; Sc, slope cropland) on soil fungal communities composition, and the dominant phyla were Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, and Zygomycota, which transitioned from Basidiomycota-dominant to Ascomycota-dominant community due to vegetation restoration...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163251/consumer-neuroscience-based-metrics-predict-recall-liking-and-viewing-rates-in-online-advertising
#3
Jaime Guixeres, Enrique Bigné, Jose M Ausín Azofra, Mariano Alcañiz Raya, Adrián Colomer Granero, Félix Fuentes Hurtado, Valery Naranjo Ornedo
The purpose of the present study is to investigate whether the effectiveness of a new ad on digital channels (YouTube) can be predicted by using neural networks and neuroscience-based metrics (brain response, heart rate variability and eye tracking). Neurophysiological records from 35 participants were exposed to 8 relevant TV Super Bowl commercials. Correlations between neurophysiological-based metrics, ad recall, ad liking, the ACE metrix score and the number of views on YouTube during a year were investigated...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160816/optimization-of-goat-milk-with-ace-inhibitory-peptides-fermented-by-lactobacillus-bulgaricus-lb6-using-response-surface-methodology
#4
Guowei Shu, Xiaoyu Shi, He Chen, Zhe Ji, Jiangpeng Meng
In the present study, the incubation conditions of goat milk fermented by Lactobacillus bulgaricus LB6 were optimized to increase the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE, EC 3.4.15.1) inhibitory activity by Box-Behnken design of response surface methodology. Incubation temperature, whey powder, and calcium lactate had significant effects on ACE inhibition rate and viable counts of LB6 during incubation. The results showed that optimal conditions of fermentation were found to be 37.05 °C, 0.8% (w/w) whey powder and 0...
November 21, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157821/poricoic-acid-za-a-novel-ras-inhibitor-attenuates-tubulo-interstitial-fibrosis-and-podocyte-injury-by-inhibiting-tgf-%C3%AE-smad-signaling-pathway
#5
Ming Wang, Dan-Qian Chen, Min-Chang Wang, Hua Chen, Lin Chen, Dan Liu, Hui Zhao, Ying-Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of tubulo-interstitial fibrosis and glomerulosclerosisis was characterized by cellular hypertrophy, extracellular matrix accumulation and podocyte detachment. Poricoic acid ZA (PZA) is a tetracyclic triterpenoid compound extracted from the surface layer of Poria cocos (LPC), which have been used extensively for diuretic and renoprotective effects. METHODS: The anti-fibrotic effect of PZA is investigated in HK-2 cells and podocytes induced by TGF-β1 and angiotensin II (ANGII)...
December 1, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157802/identification-and-in-silico-characterization-of-a-novel-peptide-inhibitor-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-from-pigeon-pea-cajanus-cajan
#6
K A Ayub Nawaz, Swapna Merlin David, Easwaran Murugesh, Murugesan Thandeeswaran, Kalarikkal Gopikrishnan Kiran, Ramasamy Mahendran, Muthusamy Palaniswamy, Jayaraman Angayarkanni
BACKGROUND: Plants are important sources of bioactive peptides. Among these, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory peptides have a major focus on their ability to prevent hypertension. Inhibition of ACE has been established as an effective approach for the treatment of ACE associated diseases. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: Some synthetic ACE inhibitory drugs cause side effects and hence there is a constant interest in natural compounds as alternatives. STUDY DESIGN: The study was designed to identify and characterize a peptide molecule from pigeon pea which has the biological property to inhibit ACE and can be developed as a therapeutic approach towards hypertension...
December 1, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157100/imbalanced-plasma-ace-and-ace2-level-in-the-uremic-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases-and-its-change-during-a-single-hemodialysis-session
#7
Chung-Wei Yang, Li-Che Lu, Chia-Chu Chang, Ching-Chang Cho, Wen-Yeh Hsieh, Chin-Hung Tsai, Yi-Chang Lin, Chih-Sheng Lin
BACKGROUND: The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has significant influences on heart and renal disease progression. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) and angiotensin converting enzyme II (ACE2) are major peptidases of RAS components and play counteracting functions through angiotensin II (Ang II)/ATIR and angiotensin-(1-7) (Ang-(1-7))/Mas axis, respectively. METHODS: There were 360 uremic patients on regular hemodialysis (HD) treatment (inclusive of 119 HD patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and 241 HD patients without CVD and 50 healthy subjects were enrolled in this study...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156223/exploring-apoe-genotype-effects-on-ad-risk-and-%C3%AE-amyloid-burden-in-individuals-with-subjective-cognitive-decline-the-facehbi-study-baseline-results
#8
Sonia Moreno-Grau, O Rodríguez-Gomez, A Sanabria, A Perez-Cordon, D Sanchez-Ruiz, C Abdelnour, S Valero, I Hernandez, M Rosende-Roca, A Mauleon, L Vargas, A Lafuente, S Gil, M A Santos-Santos, M Alegret, A Espinosa, G Ortega, M Guitart, A Gailhajanet, I de Rojas, O Sotolongo-Grau, S Ruiz, N Aguilera, J Papasey, E Martin, E Peleja, F Lomeña, F Campos, A Vivas, M Gomez-Chiari, M A Tejero, J Giménez, M Serrano-Ríos, A Orellana, L Tarraga, A Ruiz, M Boada
INTRODUCTION: Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) has been proposed as a potential preclinical stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Nevertheless, the genetic and biomarker profiles of SCD individuals remain mostly unexplored. METHODS: We evaluated apolipoprotein E (APOE) Ɛ4's effect in the risk of presenting SCD, using the Fundacio ACE Healthy Brain Initiative (FACEHBI) SCD cohort and Spanish controls, and performed a meta-analysis addressing the same question. We assessed the relationship between APOE dosage and brain amyloid burden in the FACEHBI SCD and Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative cohorts...
November 17, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155480/intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-for-elderly-patients-with-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#9
Caineng Cao, Qiaoying Hu, Xiaozhong Chen
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes and patterns of failure after intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for elderly patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: Fifty-two patients treated with IMRT were eligible for study inclusion. Comorbidity was rated using the Adult Comorbidity Evaluation-27 (ACE-27) system. RESULTS: Twenty-six patients (50.0%) had an ACE-27 score of 1; and 6 (11.5%) had an ACE-27 score of 2...
November 20, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155324/angiotensin-receptor-blocker-irbesartan-reduces-stress-induced-intestinal-inflammation-via-at1a-signaling-and-ace2-dependent-mechanism-in-mice
#10
Maimaiti Yisireyili, Yasuhiro Uchida, Koji Yamamoto, Takayuki Nakayama, Xian Wu Cheng, Tadashi Matsushita, Shigeo Nakamura, Toyoaki Murohara, Kyosuke Takeshita
Stress is associated with pathophysiology of both irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and hypertension. Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) have anti-inflammatory properties via inhibition of angiotensin II (Ang II)/Ang II type I receptor axis (AT1). Inhibition of the classical RAS pathway is also involved in upregulation of angiotensin converting enzyme-2 (ACE2), which activates the Ang-(1-7) /Mas pathway to counteract inflammatory signaling and acts as a partner of the amino acid transporter, B(0)AT-1, to absorb tryptophan for regulation of microbiota-gut-brain axis...
November 16, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155121/evaluation-of-protein-c-and-protein-s-levels-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-receiving-therapy-with-statins-and-ace-inhibitors-or-angiotensin-ii-receptor-blockers
#11
Şerife Aktaş, Sema Uçak, Fatma Kurt, Mehmet Taşdemir, Orkide Kutlu, Pınar Eker
AIMS: To evaluate protein C, protein S level in patients with diabetes mellitus receiving statin and ACE inhibitor/ARB therapy. METHODS: 95 patients were included in the study and divided into four groups depending on the use of statin and ACE inhibitor/ARB therapy. Group 1 comprised of patients receiving statin therapy (n=15), Group 2 comprised of patients receiving ACE inhibitor/ARB therapy (n=31), Group 3 comprised of patients receiving statin and ACE inhibitor/ARB therapy (n=23), and Group 4 comprised of patients who did not receive either statin or ACE inhibitor/ARB therapy (n=26)...
November 15, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153683/preeclampsia-is-associated-with-ace-i-d-polymorphism-obesity-and-oxidative-damage-in-mexican-women
#12
José A González-Garrido, José R García-Sánchez, José M Tovar-Rodríguez, Ivonne M Olivares-Corichi
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine whether the angiotensin-converting enzyme insertion/deletion (ACE I/D) polymorphism, obesity and oxidative damage are risk factors for the development of preeclampsia in Mexican women. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 66 women with preeclampsia (PE) and 37 women with normal pregnancies (NP) were included in the study. DNA was extracted from whole blood, and the ACE I/D polymorphism was evaluated by polymerase chain reaction. ACE activity and oxidative damage were assessed in plasma...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146264/combination-of-amplified-rdna-restriction-analysis-and-high-throughput-sequencing-revealed-the-negative-effect-of-colistin-sulfate-on-the-diversity-of-soil-microorganisms
#13
Tingli Fan, Yongxue Sun, Jinju Peng, Qun Wu, Yi Ma, Xiaohui Zhou
Colistin sulfate is widely used in both human and veterinary medicine. However, its effect on the microbial ecologyis unknown. In this study, we determined the effect of colistin sulfate on the diversity of soil microorganisms by amplified rDNA restriction analysis (ARDRA) and high-throughput sequencing.ARDRAshowed that the diversity of DNA from soil microorganisms was reduced after soil was treated with colistin sulfate, with the most dramatic reductionobserved after 35days of treatment. High-throughput sequencing showed that the Chao1 and abundance-based coverage estimators (ACE) were reduced in the soils treated with colistin sulfate for 35 dayscompared to those treated with colistin sulfate for 7days...
January 2018: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142427/cinnamaldehyde-cinnamic-acid-and-cinnamyl-alcohol-the-bioactives-of-cinnamomum-cassia-exhibit-hdac8-inhibitory-activity-an-in-vitro-and-in-silico-study
#14
Mangesh Patil, Amit S Choudhari, Savita Pandita, Md Ataul Islam, Prerna Raina, Ruchika Kaul-Ghanekar
Background: The altered expression of histone deacetylase family member 8 (HDAC8) has been found to be linked with various cancers, thereby making its selective inhibition a potential strategy in cancer therapy. Recently, plant secondary metabolites, particularly phenolic compounds, have been shown to possess HDAC inhibitory activity. Objective: In the present work, we have evaluated the potential of cinnamaldehyde (CAL), cinnamic acid (CA), and cinnamyl alcohol (CALC) (bioactives of Cinnamomum) as well as aqueous cinnamon extract (ACE), to inhibit HDAC8 activity in vitro and in silico...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141503/association-of-the-genetic-and-traditional-risk-factors-of-ischaemic-heart-disease-with-stemi-and-nstemi-development
#15
Diana Žaliaduonytė-Pekšienė, Vaiva Lesauskaitė, Rasa Liutkevičienė, Vytenis Tamakauskas, Vilius Kviesulaitis, Giedrė Šinkūnaitė-Maršalkienė, Sandrita Šimonytė, Simonita Mačiulskytė, Eglė Tamulevičiūtė-Prascienė, Olivija Gustienė, Abdonas Tamošiūnas, Remigijus Žaliūnas
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the influence of traditional risk factors of ischaemic heart disease and genetic factors to predict different types of acute coronary syndromes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five hundred and twenty-three patients with acute coronary syndromes (393 with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and 130 with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)) comprised the study group. The control group consisted of 645 subjects free from symptoms of ischaemic heart disease and stroke...
October 2017: Journal of the Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone System: JRAAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140729/gene-expression-and-gene-associations-during-the-development-of-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-in-the-dahl-salt-sensitive-model-of-hypertension
#16
Jeffrey Yim, Hyokeun Cho, Simon W Rabkin
Gene expression and associations were examined in a model of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), a condition with minimal effective treatment. Genes with at least two studies showing significant changes in Dahl rat with heart failure were examined by meta-analysis. Significantly increased in expression were iNOS, p47phox, ADM, ANP, OPN, ACE, MCP-1, GP91PHOX, ICAM-1, TGF-β1, CTGF, ET-1, p22phox, ETB, BNP, ETA, MMP13, Col1a1, MMP2, TIMP1, Col3a1, Il-1β, β-MHC, ECE1, MMP14, AGT, and MMP9...
November 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140276/clinical-profile-associated-with-adverse-childhood-experiences-the-advent-of-nervous-system-dysregulation
#17
Jorina Elbers, Cynthia R Rovnaghi, Brenda Golianu, Kanwaljeet J S Anand
BACKGROUND: We report the prevalence of children with multiple medical symptoms in a pediatric neurology clinic, describe their symptom profiles, and explore their association with adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 100 consecutive patients from an outpatient pediatric neurology clinic. Patients were included if they were ≥5 years old and reported ≥4 symptoms that were unexplained for ≥3-months. Symptom profiles across six functional domains were recorded: (1) executive dysfunction, (2) sleep disturbances, (3) autonomic dysregulation, (4) somatization, (5) digestive symptoms, and (6) emotional dysregulation...
November 15, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139608/current-state-of-screening-high-ace-youth-and-emerging-adults-in-primary-care
#18
Michelle Pardee, Elizabeth Kuzma, Chin Hwa Gina Y Dahlem, Nicole Boucher, Cynthia S Darling-Fisher
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Trauma comes in many forms, including interpersonal, community, and institutional trauma. The adverse childhood event (ACE) studies demonstrated that adverse experiences in childhood can have a profound, cumulative impact on the course of health and development over a lifetime. It is critical for healthcare providers, such as nurse practitioners (NPs), working in primary care to screen adolescents and emerging adults for a history of ACEs and trauma. A review of current assessment tools used in assessing this population in health settings is needed to determine how screening for ACEs is being performed...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138810/angiotensin-converting-enzyme-2-angiotensin-1-7-mas-axis-prevents-pancreatic-acinar-cell-inflammatory-response-via-inhibition-of-the-p38-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#19
Xiaozheng Yu, Lijian Cui, Fei Hou, Xiaoya Liu, Yan Wang, Yan Wen, Cheng Chi, Chunyun Li, Ruixia Liu, Chenghong Yin
The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)2-angiotensin‑(Ang)-(1-7)-Mas axis in the pathogenesis of pancreatitis and the association between this axis and the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK)/nuclear factor (NF-κB) signaling pathway in pancreatic acinar cells. Mouse pancreatic acinar cancer (MPC-83) cells were stimulated with 10 nM caerulein (CAE) to create an in vitro model of acute pancreatitis, and collected for analysis at 2, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h post stimulation...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138270/low-and-high-renin-heart-failure-phenotypes-with-clinical-implications
#20
Noemi Pavo, Georg Goliasch, Raphael Wurm, Johannes Novak, Guido Strunk, Mariann Gyöngyösi, Marko Poglitsch, Marcus D Säemann, Martin Hülsmann
BACKGROUND: Blockade of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) represents a main strategy in the therapy of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), but the role of active renin concentration (ARC) for guiding therapy in the presence of an RAS blockade remains to be established. This study assessed angiotensin profiles of HFrEF patients with distinct RAS activations as reflected by ARC. METHODS: Two cohorts of stable chronic HFrEF patients on optimal medical treatment (OMT) were enrolled...
November 14, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
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