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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088259/integration-for-coexistence-implementation-of-intercultural-health-care-policy-in-ghana-from-the-perspective-of-service-users-and-providers
#1
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Adjoa Afriyie Poku, Simon Boateng, Padmore Adusei Amoah, Alhassan Abdul Mumin, Jacob Obodai, Williams Agyemang-Duah
OBJECTIVE: In spite of the World Health Organization's recommendations over the past decades, Ghana features pluralistic rather than truly integrated medical system. Policies about the integration of complementary medicine into the national health care delivery system need to account for individual-level involvement and cultural acceptability of care rendered by health care providers. Studies in Ghana, however, have glossed over the standpoint of the persons of the illness episode about the intercultural health care policy framework...
January 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088227/simplified-chinese-version-of-the-forgotten-joint-score-fjs-for-patients-who-underwent-joint-arthroplasty-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation
#2
Shiqi Cao, Ning Liu, Wuxiang Han, Yunpeng Zi, Fan Peng, Lexiang Li, Qiwei Fu, Yi Chen, Weijie Zheng, Qirong Qian
BACKGROUND: The Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) is a newly developed health-related quality of life (HRQoL) questionnaire designed to evaluate the awareness after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study cross-culturally adapted and psychometrically validated a simplified Chinese version of the FJS (SC-FJS). METHODS: Cross-cultural adaptation was performed according to the internationally recognized guidelines. One-hundred and fifty participants who underwent primary TKA were recruited in this study...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088186/concentration-of-fine-needle-aspirates-similar-to-molecular-method-improves-sensitivity-of-the-diagnosis-of-tuberculous-lymphadenitis-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#3
Olifan Zewdie, Tamrat Abebe, Adane Mihret, Eyob Hirpa, Gobena Ameni
BACKGROUND: Tuberculous lymphadenitis (TBLN) diagnosis has been a true challenge solely by clinical evidence in developing countries, due to limited the diagnostic facility on hand. However, the availability and affordability of available diagnostic tools in resource-limited settings like Ethiopia necessitates the quest for other techniques with added value over direct Z-N microscopy. Therefore, we aimed at to assess whether the concentration of lymph node aspirate similarly improves the detection rate of tuberculous lymphadenitis or not...
January 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087801/occurrence-of-similar-mycoviruses-in-pathogenic-saprotrophic-and-mycorrhizal-fungi-inhabiting-the-same-forest-stand
#4
Eeva J Vainio, Taina Pennanen, Tiina Rajala, Jarkko Hantula
Fungal viruses (mycoviruses) are considered to be highly host specific, but phylogenetic analysis supports the occasional occurrence of horizontal transmission between species. We used an extensive sampling strategy to investigate whether similar viruses occur in more than one fungal species of the same forest habitat. Mycelial samples were collected from in-growth mesh bags (N = 259), fruiting bodies (N = 173) and cultured isolates (N = 68) at a forest site where the spatial distribution of viral infections in clonal individuals of the wood decay fungus H...
January 12, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086967/translation-cross-cultural-adaption-and-measurement-properties-of-the-evidence-based-practice-profile
#5
Kristine Berg Titlestad, Anne Kristin Snibsoer, Hilde Stromme, Monica Wammen Nortvedt, Birgitte Graverholt, Birgitte Espehaug
BACKGROUND: The evidence-based practice profile (EBP(2)) questionnaire assesses students' self-reported knowledge, behaviour and attitudes related to evidence-based practice. The aim of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt EBP(2) into Norwegian and to evaluate the reliability, validity and responsiveness of the Norwegian version. METHODS: EBP(2) was translated and cross-culturally adapted using recommended methodology. Face validity and feasibility were evaluated in a pilot on bachelor students and health and social workers (n = 18)...
January 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086926/maternal-health-care-service-seeking-behaviors-and-associated-factors-among-women-in-rural-haramaya-district-eastern-ethiopia-a-triangulated-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#6
Dereje Kifle, Telake Azale, Yalemzewod Assefa Gelaw, Yayehirad Alemu Melsew
BACKGROUND: Regular utilization of maternal health care services reduces maternal morbidity and mortality. This study assessed the maternal health care seeking behavior and associated factors of reproductive age women in rural villages of Haramaya district, East Ethiopia. METHODS: Community based cross sectional study supplemented with qualitative data was conducted in Haramaya district from November 15 to Decemeber 30, 2015. A total of 561 women in reproductive age group and who gave birth in the last 2 years were randomly included...
January 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086919/the-safety-attitudes-questionnaire-ambulatory-version-psychometric-properties-of-the-slovenian-version-for-the-out-of-hours-primary-care-setting
#7
Zalika Klemenc-Ketis, Matjaz Maletic, Vesna Stropnik, Ellen Tveter Deilkås, Dag Hofoss, Gunnar Tschudi Bondevik
BACKGROUND: Several tools have been developed to measure safety attitudes of health care providers, out of which the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) is regarded as one of the most appropriate ones. In 2007, it was adapted to outpatient (primary health care) settings and in 2014 it was tested in out-of-hours health care settings in Norway. The purpose of this study was to translate the English version of the SAQ-Ambulatory Version (SAQ-AV) to Slovenian language; to test its reliability; and to explore its factor structure...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086898/the-intergenerational-production-of-depression-in-south-korea-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
B G Jeong, G Veenstra
BACKGROUND: Although a number of studies have uncovered relationships between parental capital and the manifestation of depression in their children, little is known about the mechanisms that undergird the relationships. This study investigates the intergenerational effects of the cultural and economic capitals of South Korean parents on depressive symptoms in their adult children and the degree to which the capitals of the adult children explain them. METHODS: We employed nationally representative cross-sectional survey data from the 2006 Korea Welfare Panel Study...
January 13, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081227/diagnostic-accuracy-of-genexpert-mtb-rif-assay-in-comparison-to-conventional-drug-susceptibility-testing-method-for-the-diagnosis-of-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#9
Pratikshya Pandey, Narayan Dutt Pant, Komal Raj Rijal, Bhawana Shrestha, Sirita Kattel, Megha Raj Banjara, Bhagwan Maharjan, Rajendra Kc
Xpert MTB/RIF assay is regarded as a great achievement of modern medicine for the rapid diagnosis of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). The main purpose of this study was to determine the performance of Xpert MTB/RIF assay compared to conventional drug susceptibility testing (DST) method for the diagnosis of MDR-TB. A comparative cross sectional study was carried out at German-Nepal Tuberculosis Project, Kathmandu, Nepal, from April 2014 to September 2014. A total of 88 culture positive clinical samples (83 pulmonary and 5 extra-pulmonary) received during the study period were analyzed for detection of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis by both GeneXpert MTB/RIF assay and conventional DST method...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080105/cross-cultural-feigning-assessment-a-systematic-review-of-feigning-instruments-used-with-linguistically-ethnically-and-culturally-diverse-samples
#10
Alicia Nijdam-Jones, Barry Rosenfeld
The cross-cultural validity of feigning instruments and cut-scores is a critical concern for forensic mental health clinicians. This systematic review evaluated feigning classification accuracy and effect sizes across instruments and languages by summarizing 45 published peer-reviewed articles and unpublished doctoral dissertations conducted in Europe, Asia, and North America using linguistically, ethnically, and culturally diverse samples. The most common psychiatric symptom measures used with linguistically, ethnically, and culturally diverse samples included the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology, the Miller Forensic Assessment of Symptoms Test, and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079863/the-modified-patient-enablement-instrument-a-portuguese-cross-cultural-adaptation-validity-and-reliability-study
#11
Mafalda Remelhe, Pedro M Teixeira, Irene Lopes, Luís Silva, Jaime Correia de Sousa
Enabling patients with asthma to obtain the knowledge, confidence and skills they need in order to assume a major role in the management of their disease is cost effective. It should be an integral part of any plan for long-term control of asthma. The modified Patient Enablement Instrument (mPEI) is an easily administered questionnaire that was adapted in the United Kingdom to measure patient enablement in asthma, but its applicability in Portugal is not known. Validity and reliability of questionnaires should be tested before use in settings different from those of the original version...
January 12, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078390/group-development-and-integration-in-a-cross-disciplinary-and-intercultural-research-team
#12
Naomi Kirk-Lawlor, Shorna Allred
Cross-disciplinary research is necessary to solve many complex problems that affect society today, including problems involving linked social and environmental systems. Examples include natural resource management or scarcity problems, problematic effects of climate change, and environmental pollution issues. Intercultural research teams are needed to address many complex environmental matters as they often cross geographic and political boundaries, and involve people of different countries and cultures. It follows that disciplinarily and culturally diverse research teams have been organized to investigate and address environmental issues...
January 11, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078097/rasch-analysis-of-stamps-s-index-of-work-satisfaction-in-nursing-population
#13
Nora Ahmad, Nelson Ositadimma Oranye, Alyona Danilov
AIM: One of the most commonly used tools for measuring job satisfaction in nursing is the Stamps Index of Work Satisfaction. Several studies have reported on the reliability of the Stamps' tool based on traditional statistical model. The aim of this study was to apply the Rasch model to examine the adequacy of Stamps's Index of Work Satisfaction for measuring nurses' job satisfaction cross-culturally and to determine the validity and reliability of the instrument using the Rasch criteria...
January 2017: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077415/international-multiphase-mixed-methods-study-protocol-to-develop-a-cross-cultural-patient-reported-outcome-instrument-for-children-and-young-adults-with-cleft-lip-and-or-palate-cleft-q
#14
Karen W Y Wong Riff, Elena Tsangaris, Tim Goodacre, Christopher R Forrest, Andrea L Pusic, Stefan J Cano, Anne F Klassen
INTRODUCTION: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments should be developed according to rigorous guidelines in order to provide clinically meaningful, scientifically sound measurement. Understanding the methodology behind instrument development informs the selection of the most appropriate tool. This mixed methods protocol describes the development of an internationally applicable PRO instrument, the CLEFT-Q, for evaluating outcomes of treatment for cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The study includes three main phases that occur iteratively and interactively...
January 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077213/inhibition-of-dopamine-receptor-d3-signaling-in-dendritic-cells-increases-antigen-cross-presentation-to-cd8-t-cells-favoring-anti-tumor-immunity
#15
Claudio Figueroa, Felipe Gálvez-Cancino, Cesar Oyarce, Francisco Contreras, Carolina Prado, Catalina Valeria, Sebastián Cruz, Alvaro Lladser, Rodrigo Pacheco
Dendritic cells (DCs) display the unique ability for cross-presenting antigens to CD8(+) T-cells, promoting their differentiation into cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTLs), which play a pivotal role in anti-tumor immunity. Emerging evidence points to dopamine receptor D3 (D3R) as a key regulator of immunity. Accordingly, we studied how D3R regulates DCs function in anti-tumor immunity. The results show that D3R-deficiency in DCs enhanced expansion of CTLs in vivo and induced stronger anti-tumor immunity. Co-culture experiments indicated that D3R-inhibition in DCs potentiated antigen cross-presentation and CTLs activation...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077124/important-patient-characteristics-differ-prior-to-total-knee-arthroplasty-and-total-hip-arthroplasty-between-switzerland-and-the-united-states
#16
Patricia D Franklin, Hermes Miozzari, Panayiotis Christofilopoulos, Pierre Hoffmeyer, David C Ayers, Anne Lübbeke
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after total knee (TKA) and hip (THA) arthroplasty are often generalized internationally. Patient-dependent factors and preoperative symptom levels may differ across countries. We compared preoperative patient and clinical characteristics from two large cohorts, one in Switzerland, the other in the US. METHODS: Patient characteristics were collected prospectively on all elective primary TKAs and THAs performed at a large Swiss hospital and in a US national sample...
January 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077105/the-prevalence-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-a-farm-worker-community-in-the-boland-district-south-africa
#17
Maritza J Kruger, Theo A Nell
BACKGROUND: In South Africa, not much is known about MetS in farm working communities. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of the MetS in a farm working population from the Boland winelands district of the Western Cape, South Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was followed among farm workers (aged 20-60 years) from surrounding wine estates. The questionnaires used described socio-demographic status, ethnic background, alcohol consumption, smoking, exercise and daily medication...
January 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076643/translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-rating-scale-for-countertransference-rsct-to-american-english
#18
Rafael Mondrzak, Camila Reinert, Andreia Sandri, Lucas Spanemberg, Eduardo L Nogueira, Mirella Bertoluci, Claudio Laks Eizirik, Nina Rosa Furtado
Introduction: The Rating Scale for Countertransference (RSCT) - originally, Escala para Avaliação de Contratransferência (EACT) - is a self-administered instrument comprising questions that assess 23 feelings (divided into three blocs, closeness, distance, and indifference) that access conscious countertransferential emotions and sentiments. This paper describes the process of translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the RSCT into American English. Methods: This study employed the guidelines proposed by the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) Task Force for Translation and Cultural Adaptation which define 10 steps for translation and cross-cultural adaptation of self-report instruments...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076641/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-checklist-5-pcl-5-and-life-events-checklist-5-lec-5-for-the-brazilian-context
#19
Eduardo de Paula Lima, Alina Gomide Vasconcelos, William Berger, Christian Haag Kristensen, Elizabeth do Nascimento, Ivan Figueira, Mauro Vitor Mendlowicz
Objective: To describe the process of cross-cultural adaptation of the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist 5 (PCL-5) and the Life Events Checklist 5 (LEC-5) for the Brazilian sociolinguistic context. Method: The adaptation process sought to establish conceptual, semantic, and operational equivalence between the original items of the questionnaire and their translated versions, following standardized protocols. Initially, two researchers translated the original version of the scale into Brazilian Portuguese...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076636/body-dysmorphic-symptoms-scale-for-patients-seeking-esthetic-surgery-cross-cultural-validation-study
#20
Tatiana Dalpasquale Ramos, Maria José Azevedo de Brito, Mônica Sarto Piccolo, Maria Fernanda Normanha da Silva Martins Rosella, Miguel Sabino, Lydia Masako Ferreira
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Rhinoplasty is one of the most sought-after esthetic operations among individuals with body dysmorphic disorder. The aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt and validate the Body Dysmorphic Symptoms Scale. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-cultural validation study conducted in a plastic surgery outpatient clinic of a public university hospital. METHODS: Between February 2014 and March 2015, 80 consecutive patients of both sexes seeking rhinoplasty were selected...
November 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
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