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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331602/a-cross-continental-analysis-of-weight-gain-psychiatric-diagnoses-and-medication-use-during-inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-the-international-study-on-physical-illness-in-mentally-ill
#1
Christina Engelke, Christian Lange-Asschenfeldt, Stephanie Peter, Kai G Kahl, Karel Frasch, Jens I Larsen, Graziella G Bickel, Bernhard Bork, Bent A Jacobsen, Signe O Wallenstein-Jensen, Christoph Lauber, Birthe Mogensen, Jørgen A Nielsen, Wulf Rössler, Kenji J Tsuchiya, Kristian L Toftegaard, Ulla A Andersen, Richard Uwakwe, Povl Munk-Jørgensen, Joachim Cordes
Weight gain among psychiatric inpatients is a widespread phenomenon. This change in body mass index (BMI) can be caused by several factors. Based on recent research, we assume the following factors are related to weight gain during psychiatric inpatient treatment: psychiatric medication, psychiatric diagnosis, sex, age, weight on admission and geographic region of treatment. 876 of originally recruited 2328 patients met the criteria for our analysis. Patients were recruited and examined in mental health care centres in Nigeria (N = 265), Japan (N = 145) and Western-Europe (Denmark, Germany and Switzerland; N = 466)...
December 22, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331099/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-disruptive-behaviour-disorders-teacher-rating-scale-as-a-screening-tool-for-early-detection-of-disruptive-behaviour-disorders-in-schools-in-a-lower-middle-income-setting
#2
Olawunmi Olagundoye, Alex Igundunasse, Morenike Aluko
Background Despite the need to curb the menace resulting from the negative trajectory of disruptive behaviour disorders (DBD) in societies of the world today, there is yet a dearth of locally standardised tools for the early detection of these disorders in Nigeria. This study was aimed at standardising the DBD teacher rating scale (DBD-TRS) to be culturally specific using teachers' ratings of their students. Objectives To establish norm scores for the three categories of DBD on the DBD-TRS, to evaluate the reliability, validity, predictive power, sensitivity and specificity of DBD-TRS items for identifying DBD symptoms amongst children/adolescents between the ages of 4 and 16 years...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330988/microbiological-profile-from-middle-ear-and-nasopharynx-in-patients-suffering-from-chronic-active-mucosal-otitis-media
#3
Shahid Farooq Khattak, Nadeem Ahmed Sheikh, Adil Aleem, Muhammad Farooq, Kanwal Nadeem
BACKGROUND: Chronic otitis media is described as a tympanic membrane perforation and ear discharge for more than six weeks duration. Ascending infection from the nasopharynx into the middle ear cleft has been attributed to prevent resolution of chronic otitis media. This research aims to determine the association between the microbiological flora of the nasopharynx with that of the middle ear in patients suffering from chronic (active) mucosal otitis media.. METHODS: Our study is a hospital-based cross-sectional survey...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330675/recognizing-conserved-non-canonical-localization-patterns-of-toll-like-receptors-in-tissues-and-across-species
#4
REVIEW
Glenn Hamonic, J Alex Pasternak, Heather L Wilson
Toll-like receptors (TLR) 1, 2, 4, 5 and 6 were originally characterized as exclusively expressed on the cell surface and TLR 3, 7, 8 and 9 were said to be localized to the endosomes. However, continued research in this area shows that TLR localization may be altered across cell-types, and in response to stimulation, age or disease. Mucosal surfaces must remain tolerant to the commensal flora and thus intracellular or basal lateral localization of TLRs at mucosal surfaces may be necessary to prevent induction of an inflammatory response to commensal flora while still allowing the possibility for the receptors to prime an immune response when a pathogen has crossed the epithelial barrier...
January 12, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329561/strongyloides-stercoralis-and-hookworm-co-infection-spatial-distribution-and-determinants-in-preah-vihear-province-cambodia
#5
Armelle Forrer, Virak Khieu, Fabian Schär, Penelope Vounatsou, Frédérique Chammartin, Hanspeter Marti, Sinuon Muth, Peter Odermatt
BACKGROUND: Strongyloides stercoralis and hookworm are two soil-transmitted helminths (STH) that are highly prevalent in Cambodia. Strongyloides stercoralis causes long-lasting infections and significant morbidity but is largely neglected, while hookworm causes the highest public health burden among STH. The two parasites have the same infection route, i.e. skin penetration. The extent of co-distribution, which could result in potential high co-morbidities, is unknown in highly endemic settings like Cambodia...
January 12, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329167/a-physician-s-recommendation-for-hpv-vaccination-what-makes-african-american-mothers-compliant
#6
Jennifer L Cunningham-Erves, Kendria D Kelly-Taylor, Tilicia L Mayo-Gamble, Jason A Deakings, Laura L Talbott
BACKGROUND: Improving HPV vaccination among African American (AA) female adolescents to reduce the cervical cancer burden is important and cost-effective. The study objective is to identify factors most influential to AA mothers' likelihood to comply with a physician's recommendation to get their daughters the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey. Participants were recruited through online and community sites (i.e. schools, community centers, etc...
January 11, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329116/concussion-symptom-underreporting-among-incoming-national-collegiate-athletic-association-division-i-college-athletes
#7
Fiona N Conway, Marianne Domingues, Robert Monaco, Laura M Lesnewich, Anne E Ray, Brandon L Alderman, Sabrina M Todaro, Jennifer F Buckman
OBJECTIVE: Accurate diagnosis of sport-related concussions relies heavily on truthful self-reporting of symptom severity. Previous studies have emphasized lack of knowledge as a factor in symptom nondisclosure. This study sought to examine concussion knowledge and the relationship of knowledge to reasons for symptom nondisclosure. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data were collected during preparticipation athletic evaluations via electronic survey...
January 11, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329019/salidroside-influences-the-cellular-cross-talk-of-human-fetal-lung-diploid-fibroblasts-a-proteomic-approach
#8
Wenmin Xing, Wenyan Gao, Huili Su, Sanying Wang, Jing Zhang, Genxiang Mao, Jing Yan
Senescence is a complex multiple factor proces, which is still poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to find the proteome of cultured human fetal lung diploid fibroblasts (2BS) of different population doubling (PD), as well as the altered proteome induced by salidroside (SAL) in 2BS cells. Proteins were identified by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) combining matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time and flight mass spectrometry (MAL DI-TOF/MS). As a result, we found 16 proteins with two-fold variations in senescent cells or after SAL treatment, some being reduced such as reticulocalbin-1, heat shock protein beta-6, elongation factor 1-delta, F-actin-capping protein subunit alpha-1, and chloride intracellular channel 1...
January 5, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325771/a-cross-cultural-study-of-acceptability-and-food-pairing-for-hot-sauces
#9
Hyun-Jee Kim, Seo-Jin Chung, Kwang-Ok Kim, Belinda Nielsen, Rie Ishii, Michael O'Mahony
This study was conducted to understand the acceptance levels of hot sauces among consumers from different culinary cultures. Two newly developed hot sauces [fermented red chili pepper with soybean-paste-based sauce(GS) and fermented red chili-pepper-based sauce(KS)] were compared with Tabasco sauce(TB) and Sriracha sauce(SR). Two separate cross-cultural home-use tests(HUTs) were conducted: pizza and cream soup were provided as food items in HUT 1, whereas grilled chicken wings and rice noodle soup were provided in HUT 2...
January 8, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325574/applied-global-health-diplomacy-profile-of-health-diplomats-accredited-to-the-united-states-and-foreign-governments
#10
Matthew D Brown, Julie N Bergmann, Thomas E Novotny, Tim K Mackey
BACKGROUND: Global health diplomacy (GHD) is a burgeoning field bridging the priorities of global health and foreign affairs. Given the increasing need to mobilize disparate global health stakeholders coupled with the need to design complex public health partnerships to tackle issues of international concern, effective and timely cooperation among state actors is critical. Health Attachés represent this coordination focal point and are key diplomatic professionals at the forefront of GHD...
January 11, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325569/the-relevance-of-clinical-ethnography-reflections-on-10%C3%A2-years-of-a-cultural-consultation-service
#11
Melissa Dominicé Dao, Sophie Inglin, Sarah Vilpert, Patricia Hudelson
BACKGROUND: Training health professionals in culturally sensitive medical interviewing has been widely promoted as a strategy for improving intercultural communication and for helping clinicians to consider patients' social and cultural contexts and improve patient outcomes. Clinical ethnography encourages clinicians to explore the patient's explanatory model of illness, recourse to traditional and alternative healing practices, healthcare expectations and social context, and to use this information to negotiate a mutually acceptable treatment plan...
January 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324699/led-ct-scan-for-ph-distribution-on-a-cross-section-of-cell-culture-medium
#12
Nobuya Higashino, Toshio Takayama, Hiroaki Ito, Mitsuhiro Horade, Yasutaka Yamaguchi, Chia-Hung Dylan Tsai, Makoto Kaneko
In cell culture, the pH of the culture medium is one of the most important conditions. However, the culture medium may have non-uniform pH distribution due to activities of cells and changes in the environment. Although it is possible to measure the pH distribution with an existing pH meter using distributed electrodes, the method involves direct contact with the medium and would greatly increase the risk of contamination. Here in this paper, we propose a computed tomography (CT) scan for measuring pH distribution using the color change of phenol red with a light-emitting diode (LED) light source...
January 11, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324655/evaluation-of-an-accelerated-workflow-for-surveillance-of-esbl-ctx-m-producing-escherichia-coli-using-amplicon-based-next-generation-sequencing-and-automated-analysis
#13
Nilay Peker, John W A Rossen, Ruud H Deurenberg, Paula C Langereis, Erwin G C Raangs, Jan A Kluytmans, Alexander W Friedrich, Jacobien Veenemans, Bhanu Sinha
Outbreak management of extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing pathogens requires rapid and accurate diagnosis. However, conventional screening is slow and labor-intensive. The vast majority of the screened samples are negative and detection of non-outbreak-related resistant micro-organisms often complicates outbreak management. In a CTX-M-15-producing Escherichia coli outbreak, 149 fecal samples and rectal eSwabs were collected by a cross-sectional survey in a Dutch nursing home. Samples were processed by routine diagnostic methods...
January 11, 2018: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323507/the-chains-on-all-my-people-are-the-chains-on-me-restrictions-to-collective-autonomy-undermine-the-personal-autonomy-and-psychological-well-being-of-group-members
#14
Frank J Kachanoff, Donald M Taylor, Julie Caouette, Thomas H Khullar, Michael J A Wohl
Four studies assessed the potentially detrimental effects that restrictions to collective autonomy (i.e., a group's freedom to determine and practice its own identity) may have for the personal autonomy and psychological well-being of group members. In Study 1, using 3 distinct samples (NSample1a = 123, NSample1b = 129, NSample1c = 370), correlational and cross-cultural evidence indicates that perceived restrictions to the collective autonomy of one's group is directly associated with reduced personal autonomy, and indirectly associated with diminished well-being through personal autonomy...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321700/validation-and-reliability-study-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-stigma-scale-of-epilepsy
#15
Nevin Kuloğlu Pazarci, Nihan Parasiz Yükselen, Şenay Aydın, Zeynep Ünlüsoy Acar, Dilek Necioğlu Örken
Introduction: We aimed to validate the Turkish version of the Stigma Scale of Epilepsy (SSE) (from Brazil) and present the results. Method: The SSE was completed by 33 patients with epilepsy (PWE), 25 of the patients' family members, and 23 people from the community. Subjects were interviewed on an individual basis; a physician read the questions and the subjects wrote the answers on a sheet. The form was the same for all subjects. In addition, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Hamilton Anxiety Inventory (HAI), Short Form-36 (SF-36) were completed by the subjects...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321510/a-model-of-human-lung-fibrogenesis-for-the-assessment-of-anti-fibrotic-strategies-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#16
Katy M Roach, Amanda Sutcliffe, Laura Matthews, Gill Elliott, Chris Newby, Yassine Amrani, Peter Bradding
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive interstitial lung disease with limited therapeutic options. KCa3.1 ion channels play a critical role in TGFβ1-dependent pro-fibrotic responses in human lung myofibroblasts. We aimed to develop a human lung parenchymal model of fibrogenesis and test the efficacy of the selective KCa3.1 blocker senicapoc. 2 mm3 pieces of human lung parenchyma were cultured for 7 days in DMEM ± TGFβ1 (10 ng/ml) and pro-fibrotic pathways examined by RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry and collagen secretion...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321325/the-identification-and-characterization-of-sindbis-virus-rna-host-protein-interactions
#17
Autumn T LaPointe, Natasha N Gebhart, Megan E Meller, Richard W Hardy, Kevin J Sokoloski
Arthropod-borne viruses, such as the members of genus Alphavirus, are a significant concern to global public health. As obligate intracellular pathogens, RNA viruses must interact with the host cell machinery to establish, and complete, their viral lifecycles. Despite considerable efforts to define the host/pathogen interactions essential for alphaviral replication, an unbiased and inclusive assessment of alphaviral RNA:protein interactions has not been undertaken. Moreover, the biological and molecular importance of these interactions, in the full context of their molecular function as RNA-binding proteins, has not been fully realized...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320984/prevalence-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-of-uropathogens-from-cases-of-urinary-tract-infections-uti-in-shashemene-referral-hospital-ethiopia
#18
Wubalem Desta Seifu, Alemayehu Desalegn Gebissa
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) remains to be one of the most common infectious diseases diagnosed in developing countries. And a widespread use of antibiotics against uropathogens has led to the emergence of antibiotic resistant species. A laboratory based cross-sectional survey was conducted in Shashemene referral hospital to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of uropathogens. METHODS: We have collected 384 clean catch mid-stream urine samples from all suspected UTI outpatients using sterile screw capped container...
January 10, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319748/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-condom-self-efficacy-scale-application-to-brazilian-adolescents-and-young-adults
#19
Carla Suellen Pires de Sousa, Régia Christina Moura Barbosa Castro, Ana Karina Bezerra Pinheiro, Escolástica Rejane Ferreira Moura, Paulo César Almeida, Priscila de Souza Aquino
OBJECTIVE: translate and adapt the Condom Self-Efficacy Scale to Portuguese in the Brazilian context. The scale originated in the United States and measures self-efficacy in condom use. METHOD: methodological study in two phases: translation, cross-cultural adaptation and verification of psychometric properties. The translation and adaptation process involved four translators, one mediator of the synthesis and five health professionals. The content validity was verified using the Content Validation Index, based on 22 experts' judgments...
January 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318460/nebulization-of-antimicrobial-agents-in-mechanically-ventilated-adults-in-2017-an-international-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Joana Alves, Emine Alp, Despoina Koulenti, Zhongheng Zhang, Stephan Ehrmann, Stijn Blot, Matteo Bassetti, Andrew Conway-Morris, Rosa Reina, Enrique Teran, Candela Sole-Lleonart, Maria Ruiz-Rodríguez, Jordi Rello
2017 ESCMID practice guidelines reported safety concerns and weak evidence of benefit supporting use of aerosolized antibiotics in mechanically ventilated patients. Our primary goal was to assess current patterns of aerosolized antibiotic prescription in mechanically ventilated patients. A sequential global survey was performed prior to the release of the ESCMID guidelines, from the 1st of February to the 30th of April 2017, using an electronic platform. Responses were analyzed comparing geographical regions...
January 9, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
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