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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817645/translation-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-simplified-chinese-version-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-return-to-sport-after-injury-acl-rsi-scale
#1
Tianwu Chen, Peng Zhang, Yunxia Li, Kate Webster, Jian Zhang, Wei Yao, Yue Yin, Chingchong Ai, Shiyi Chen
PURPOSE: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the anterior cruciate ligament-return to sport after injury (ACL-RSI) into simplified Chinese [ACL-RSI (Cn)]. METHOD: In this diagnostic study, the translation, cross-culturally adaptation, and validation of the ACL-RSI was performed according to international guidelines. A total of 112 patients with ACL reconstruction participated in this study. All were capable of competitive sports before the injury and completed the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome (KOOS), the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK), and the Tegner activity score...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816589/acculturation-influences-postpartum-eating-activity-and-weight-retention-in-low-income-hispanic-women
#2
Chantel L Martin, Deborah F Tate, Andrew Schaffner, Anna Brannen, Karen Erickson Hatley, Molly Diamond, Karen Munoz-Christian, Jeremy Pomeroy, Teresa Sanchez, Adrian Mercado, Todd Hagobian, Suzanne Phelan
BACKGROUND: Low-income Hispanic women experience elevated rates of high postpartum weight retention (PPWR), which is an independent risk factor for lifetime obesity. Sociocultural factors might play an important role among Hispanic women; however, very few studies have examined this association. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to examine the associations between acculturation and maternal diet, physical activity, and PPWR. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study of baseline data from 282 Hispanic women participating in the FitMoms/Mamás Activas study, a randomized controlled trial examining the impact of primarily an internet-based weight control program, in reducing PPWR among low-income women...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816575/cross-cultural-translation-validity-and-reliability-of-the-french-version-of-the-neurophysiology-of-pain-questionnaire
#3
Christophe Demoulin, Pauline Brasseur, Nathalie Roussel, Clara Brereton, Fabienne Humblet, Daniel Flynn, Julien Van Beveren, Thomas Osinsky, Anne-Françoise Donneau, Jean-Michel Crielaard, Marc Vanderthommen, Olivier Bruyère
Pain physiology education is an important component in the management of patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain. The Neurophysiology of Pain Questionnaire (NPQ) was developed in English to assess pain physiology knowledge in patients. This study aimed to translate the NPQ into French (NPQ-Fr) and to investigate the main psychometric properties of the NPQ-Fr. The translation was performed using the best practice translation guidelines. One hundred and one French-speaking patients with chronic non-specific spinal pain completed the NPQ-Fr to assess its acceptability and presence of floor/ceiling effects and test its dimensionality...
August 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815895/health-professional-students-rural-placement-satisfaction-and-rural-practice-intentions-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Tony Smith, Keith Sutton, Sabrina Pit, Kuda Muyambi, Daniel Terry, Annie Farthing, Claire Courtney, Merylin Cross
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to profile students undertaking placements at University Departments of Rural Health (UDRHs) and investigate factors affecting students' satisfaction and intention to enter rural practice. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey comprising 21 core questions used by all UDRHs. SETTING: Eleven UDRHs across Australia that support students' placements in regional, rural and remote locations. PARTICIPANTS: Medical, nursing and allied health students who participated in UDRH placements between July 2014 and November 2015 and completed the questionnaire...
August 16, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814743/nutritional-status-and-the-influence-of-tv-consumption-on-female-body-size-ideals-in-populations-recently-exposed-to-the-media
#5
Jean-Luc Jucker, Tracey Thornborrow, Ulrik Beierholm, D Michael Burt, Robert A Barton, Elizabeth H Evans, Mark A Jamieson, Martin J Tovée, Lynda G Boothroyd
Television consumption influences perceptions of attractive female body size. However, cross-cultural research examining media influence on body ideals is typically confounded by differences in the availability of reliable and diverse foodstuffs. 112 participants were recruited from 3 Nicaraguan villages that differed in television consumption and nutritional status, such that the contribution of both factors could be revealed. Participants completed a female figure preference task, reported their television consumption, and responded to several measures assessing nutritional status...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814513/escape-of-tick-borne-flavivirus-from-2-c-methylated-nucleoside-antivirals-is-mediated-by-a-single-conservative-mutation-in-ns5-that-has-a-dramatic-effect-on-viral-fitness
#6
Ludek Eyer, Hirofumi Kondo, Darina Zouharova, Minato Hirano, James J Valdés, Memi Muto, Tomas Kastl, Shintaro Kobayashi, Jan Haviernik, Manabu Igarashi, Hiroaki Kariwa, Marketa Vaculovicova, Jiri Cerny, Rene Kizek, Andrea Kröger, Stefan Lienenklaus, Milan Dejmek, Radim Nencka, Martin Palus, Jiri Salat, Erik De Clercq, Kentaro Yoshii, Daniel Ruzek
Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) causes a severe and potentially fatal neuroinfection in humans. Despite its high medical relevance, no specific antiviral therapy is currently available. Here we demonstrate that treatment with a nucleoside analog, 7-deaza-2' -C-methyladenosine (7-deaza-2' -CMA), substantially improved disease outcome, increased survival, and reduced signs of neuroinfection and viral titers in the brains of mice infected with a lethal dose of TBEV. To investigate the mechanism of action of 7-deaza-2' -CMA, two drug-resistant TBEV clones were generated and characterized...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814114/cross-cultural-validation-of-the-falls-efficacy-scale-international-to-assess-concerns-about-falls-among-hungarian-community-living-older-people
#7
Éva Kovács, Franciska Rozs, Anna Petridisz, Réka Erdős, Eszter Majercsik
PURPOSE: The Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) is a reliable and valid tool for assessing concerns about falling. Our aims were to translate, culturally adapt, and evaluate the main psychometric characteristics (internal consistency, reproducibility, and convergent construct validity) of the Hungarian version of the FES-I on a sample of community-living older adults. METHODS: After translating and culturally adapting the original scale, 165 community-living older adults (aged 60 years or over) participated in the measurements and filled in the questionnaire...
August 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813478/development-and-validation-of-a-multi-dimensional-measure-of-intellectual-humility
#8
Mark Alfano, Kathryn Iurino, Paul Stey, Brian Robinson, Markus Christen, Feng Yu, Daniel Lapsley
This paper presents five studies on the development and validation of a scale of intellectual humility. This scale captures cognitive, affective, behavioral, and motivational components of the construct that have been identified by various philosophers in their conceptual analyses of intellectual humility. We find that intellectual humility has four core dimensions: Open-mindedness (versus Arrogance), Intellectual Modesty (versus Vanity), Corrigibility (versus Fragility), and Engagement (versus Boredom). These dimensions display adequate self-informant agreement, and adequate convergent, divergent, and discriminant validity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812935/motivations-for-learning-of-family-medicine-residents-trained-in-competency-based-education
#9
Oksana Babenko, Olga Szafran, Sudha Koppula, Lillian Au
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Family physicians regularly encounter clinical uncertainty and ambiguity and thus, are expected to engage in on-going learning to respond to changing needs of family practice. Using Achievement Goal Theory, the objective of this study was to examine motivations for learning of family medicine residents in a competency-based program. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study, employing a survey methodology with family medicine residents at the mid-point of training at a Canadian university...
August 16, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812525/a-cross-cultural-exploration-of-abortion-fund-patients-in-the-usa-and-the-republic-of-ireland-northern-ireland-and-the-isle-of-man
#10
Gretchen E Ely, Travis W Hales, D Lynn Jackson
This paper details results of a study examining administrative case data from 2010-2015 from abortion funds serving the USA and the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man. Driven by the available data, the researchers compared organisational characteristics, patient characteristics, procedural costs, patient resources and the ratio between patient resources and procedural costs. Independent t-tests were conducted to assess whether differences in characteristics, costs or resources were significant...
August 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811792/antimicrobial-susceptibility-patterns-of-clinical-isolates-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolated-from-patients-of-respiratory-tract-infections-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-peshawar
#11
Abdul Samad, Tanveer Ahmed, Afaq Rahim, Abdul Khalil, Iftikhar Ali
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the prevalence and susceptibility pattern of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and multidrug-resistant (MDR) isolates in patients suffering from respiratory tract infection. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted from January to December 2014 in Northwest General Hospital and Research Centre, Peshawar. A total of 615 sputum samples were collected from both in and out-patients. Sputum samples were collected as per standard procedure and were inoculated on Blood, MacConkey and Chocolate agar...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809752/association-of-obesity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-children-and-adolescents-the-weight-disorders-survey-of-the-caspian-iv-study
#12
Silva Hovsepian, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Aryan Madady, Morteza Mansourian, Armita Mahdavi Gorabi, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: Considering the role of different ethnical, cultural and geographical factors in health related quality of life (HRQOL) as well as the perception of different populations regarding various weight disorders, we aimed to evaluate the association between body mass index (BMI) and HRQOL in Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was part of the Weight Disorders Survey of the CASPIAN-IV study. During this study, students aged 6-18 years from urban and rural areas of 30 provinces of Iran were selected...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808851/assessing-the-measurement-invariance-of-the-brief-multidimensional-students-life-satisfaction-scale-in-chinese-and-american-adolescents
#13
Yifang Zeng, Yu Ling, E Scott Huebner, Yushu He, Peng Fu
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the measurement invariance of the Brief Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (BMSLSS) and latent means across early adolescents from two diverse cultural settings, China and America. METHODS: We sampled 2045 middle school students (960 males) from China and 1747 middle school students (887 males) from America. Confirmatory factor analysis and multi-group confirmatory factor analysis were performed to examine the factor structure and the measurement equivalence across the two cultures and then examined latent mean differences between Chinese early adolescents and American early adolescents...
August 14, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808690/the-hemagglutinin-esterase-fusion-glycoprotein-is-a-primary-determinant-of-the-exceptional-thermal-and-acid-stability-of-influenza-d-virus
#14
Jieshi Yu, Busha Hika, Runxia Liu, Zizhang Sheng, Ben M Hause, Feng Li, Dan Wang
Influenza D virus (IDV) is unique among four types of influenza viruses in that it utilizes cattle as a primary reservoir. The thermal and acid stability of IDV were examined and directly compared with those of influenza A virus (IAV), influenza B virus (IBV), and influenza C virus (ICV). The results of our experiments demonstrated that only IDV had a high residual infectivity (~2.5 log units of 50% tissue culture infective dose [TCID50]/ml) after a 60-min exposure to 53°C in solution at a neutral pH, and remarkably, IDV retained this infectivity even after exposure to 53°C for 120 min...
July 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808412/cross-cultural-adaptation-translation-and-validation-of-the-toronto-extremity-salvage-score-for-extremity-bone-and-soft-tissue-tumor-patients-in-netherlands
#15
Julie J Willeumier, C W P G van der Wal, Robert J P van der Wal, P D S Dijkstra, Thea P M Vliet Vlieland, Michiel A J van de Sande
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the Toronto Extremity Salvage Score (TESS) to Dutch and to validate the translated version. METHODS: The TESS lower and upper extremity versions (LE and UE) were translated to Dutch according to international guidelines. The translated version was validated in 98 patients with surgically treated bone or soft tissue tumors of the LE or UE. To assess test-retest reliability, participants were asked to fill in a second questionnaire after one week...
2017: Sarcoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807698/-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-cancer-behavior-inventory-brief-version
#16
Emine Iyigun, Sevinc Tastan, Elif Gezginci, Serap Korkmaz, Selcuk Demiral, Murat Beyzadeoglu
CONTEXT: Cancer Behavior Inventory-Brief Version is a simple and non-burdensome tool used to evaluate the self-efficacy of the cancer patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Cancer Behavior Inventory-Brief Version. METHODS: This methodological study was conducted on 143 cancer patients who received radiotherapy at the Department of Radiation Oncology at a Training and Research Hospital in Turkey...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807499/making-the-hard-decisions-ethical-care-decisions-in-wartime-nursing-practice
#17
Janice Agazio, Petra Goodman
BACKGROUND: Codes of ethics set forth standards of ethical conduct for nurses. However, nurses involved in wartime operations, or disasters, may often have their moral compass challenged by the patient care decisions necessary under adverse conditions. Reverse triage, resource allocation, and promotion of patient autonomy present multiple challenges to meeting commonly applied ethical principles. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to use the International Council of Nursing code of ethics as a framework to organize the ethical issues emerging from wartime nursing...
June 30, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807104/understanding-practitioner-professionalism-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-lessons-from-student-and-registrar-placements-at-an-urban-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-primary-healthcare-service
#18
Deborah A Askew, Vivian J Lyall, Shaun C Ewen, David Paul, Melissa Wheeler
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples continue to be pathologised in medical curriculum, leaving graduates feeling unequipped to effectively work cross-culturally. These factors create barriers to culturally safe health care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. In this pilot pre-post study, the learning experiences of seven medical students and four medical registrars undertaking clinical placements at an urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander primary healthcare service in 2014 were followed...
August 15, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806305/dimensions-of-posttraumatic-growth-in-patients-with-cancer-a-mixed-method-study
#19
Mehdi Heidarzadeh, Maryam Rassouli, Jeannine M Brant, Farahnaz Mohammadi-Shahbolaghi, Hamid Alavi-Majd
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic growth (PTG) refers to positive outcomes after exposure to stressful events. Previous studies suggest cross-cultural differences in the nature and amount of PTG. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore different dimensions of PTG in Iranian patients with cancer. METHODS: A mixed method study with convergent parallel design was applied to clarify and determine dimensions of PTG. Using the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), confirmatory factor analysis was used to quantitatively identify dimensions of PTG in 402 patients with cancer...
August 12, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806206/chronic-pain-and-associated-factors-in-india-and-nepal-a-pilot-study-of-the-vanderbilt-global-pain-survey
#20
Jenna L Walters, Kelly Baxter, Hannah Chapman, Tracy Jackson, Adinarayanan Sethuramachandran, Marcus Couldridge, Hem Raj Joshi, Pankaj Kundra, Xulei Liu, Divya Nair, Bonnie Sullivan, Matthew S Shotwell, Ryan J Jense, Nicholas J Kassebaum, K A Kelly McQueen
BACKGROUND: Evaluation and treatment of chronic pain worldwide are limited by the lack of standardized assessment tools incorporating consistent definitions of pain chronicity and specific queries of known social and psychological risk factors for chronic pain. The Vanderbilt Global Pain Survey (VGPS) was developed as a tool to address these concerns, specifically in the low- and middle-income countries where global burden is highest. METHODS: The VGPS was developed using standardized and cross-culturally validated metrics, including the Brief Pain Inventory and World Health Organization Disability Assessment Scale, as well as the Pain Catastrophizing Scale, the Fibromyalgia Survey Questionnaire along with queries about pain attitudes to assess the prevalence of chronic pain and disability along with its psychosocial and emotional associations...
August 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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