keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cross cultural

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431128/binge-drinking-and-well-being-in-european-older-adults-do-gender-and-region-matter
#1
Sonsoles Fuentes, Usama Bilal, Iñaki Galán, Joan R Villalbí, Albert Espelt, Marina Bosque-Prous, Manuel Franco, Mariana Lazo
We aimed to describe gender and region differences in the prevalence of binge drinking and in the association between binge drinking and well-being, among older adult Europeans. This is a cross-sectional study using the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) wave 4, conducted between 2011 and 2012, including 58 489 individuals aged 50 years or older. Sixteen European countries were grouped in four drinking culture regions: South, Central, North and East. We categorized drinking patterns as: never, former, no-binge and binge drinkers...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431012/replication-and-repair-of-a-reduced-2%C3%AE-deoxyguanosine-abasic-site-interstrand-cross-link-in-human-cells
#2
Nathan E Price, Lin Li, Kent S Gates, Yinsheng Wang
Apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) sites, or abasic sites, which are a common type of endogenous DNA damage, can forge interstrand DNA-DNA cross-links via reaction with the exocyclic amino group on a nearby 2΄-deoxyguanosine or 2΄-deoxyadenosine in the opposite strand. Here, we utilized a shuttle vector method to examine the efficiency and fidelity with which a reduced dG-AP cross-link-containing plasmid was replicated in cultured human cells. Our results showed that the cross-link constituted strong impediments to DNA replication in HEK293T cells, with the bypass efficiencies for the dG- and AP-containing strands being 40% and 20%, respectively...
April 20, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430928/typology-and-dynamics-of-heavier-drinking-styles-in-great-britain-1978-2010
#3
Robin C Purshouse, Alan Brennan, Daniel Moyo, James Nicholls, Paul Norman
Aims: To identify a typology of heavier drinking styles in Great Britain and to identify socio-demographic trends in the typology over the period 1978-2010. Methods: We applied multiple correspondence analysis and agglomerative hierarchical clustering to beverage-specific quantity-frequency measures of alcohol consumption in the repeated cross-sectional General Lifestyle Survey of Great Britain, 1978-2010. The cluster analysis focuses on the 60,043 adult respondents over this period reporting average drinking levels above the UK Government guidelines...
May 1, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429562/predictors-of-the-health-related-quality-of-life-of-chinese-people-with-major-neurocognitive-disorders-and-their-caregivers-the-roles-of-self-esteem-and-caregiver-s-burden
#4
Daniel Kim-Wan Young, Petrus Yat-Nam Ng, Timothy Kwok
AIM: The present research study aimed to identify and compare the clinical and non-clinical factors that predict the self-reported and proxy-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of people with major neurocognitive disorder (PwND) who are living at home in a Chinese society. METHODS: A total of 57 Chinese PwND-family caregiver dyads that were using the services of local senior centers were recruited through a cross-sectional survey with convenience sampling...
April 20, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429239/development-and-initial-validation-of-a-short-three-dimensional-inventory-of-character-strengths
#5
Wenjie Duan, He Bu
PURPOSE: Character strength is described as a positive and organized pattern of emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. It serves as a schema that organizes categories of information toward the self, others, and the world, and provides the self-aware knowledge that facilitates the pursuit of goals, values, and ethical principles. Recent research has suggested that three reliable factors emerge from the measures of character strengths: caring, inquisitiveness, and self-control. The goal of this paper is to develop a psychometrically sound short measure of character strength...
April 20, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429046/western-ontario-shoulder-instability-index-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-turkish-version
#6
Selda Basar, Gurkan Gunaydin, Zeynep Hazar Kanik, Ugur Sozlu, Zeynep Beyza Alkan, Omer Osman Pala, Seyit Citaker, Ulunay Kanatli
One way to measure the effectiveness of a specific treatment is to utilize measurements designed specifically for the disorder. Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index (WOSI) is a subjective self-report scale indicating the latest condition of the patients with shoulder instability. The objective is to study the cultural adaptation, validity, and reliability of WOSI in Turkish population with shoulder disability. First, WOSI was translated and culturally adapted from English into Turkish. Afterward, in order to determine the level of reliability, internal consistency and test-retest analyses were conducted...
April 20, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428258/deletion-of-inositol-requiring-enzyme-1%C3%AE-in-podocytes-disrupts-glomerular-capillary-integrity-and-autophagy
#7
Daniel Robert Kaufman, Joan Papillon, Louise Larose, Takao Iwawaki, Andrey V Cybulsky
Inositol-requiring enzyme-1α (IRE1α) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-transmembrane endoribonuclease-kinase, which plays an essential function in extraembryonic tissues during normal development, and is activated during ER stress. To address the functional role of IRE1α in glomerular podocytes, we produced podocyte-specific IRE1α deletion mice. In male mice, deletion of IRE1α in podocytes resulted in albuminuria beginning at 5 months of age, and worsening with time. Electron microscopy revealed focal podocyte foot process effacement in 9-month old male IRE1α deletion mice, as well as microvillous transformation of podocyte plasma membranes...
April 20, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428122/challenges-in-the-management-of-chagas-disease-in-latin-american-migrants-in-europe
#8
REVIEW
B Monge-Maillo, R López-Vélez
 Chagas disease (CD) is endemic in Latin America. Due to migration, the infection has crossed borders and it is estimated that 68 000-120 000 people with CD are currently living in Europe and 30% of them may develop visceral involvement. However, up to 90% of CD cases in Europe remain undiagnosed. The challenges which have to be overcome in CD are related to screening, diagnostic tools and therapeutic management in non-endemic countries. AIMS : The aim of this review is to highlight how healthcare management for Latin American migrants with CD in Europe may be improved...
April 17, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426537/supportive-care-needs-and-association-with-quality-of-life-of-mexican-adults-with-solid-cancers
#9
Svetlana V Doubova, Maria Guadalupe Casales-Hernández, Ricardo Perez-Cuevas
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer have supportive care needs. Studies that analyze the relationship between supportive care needs and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) are scarce. Cultural differences in supportive care needs and perceived QoL are also worth analyzing. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the association between supportive care needs and HRQoL of Mexican adults given a diagnosis of solid cancers. METHODS: We performed a secondary data analysis of a cross-sectional survey of 825 adult patients with cancer treated at the Oncology Hospital of the Mexican Institute of Social Security...
April 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425777/self-reported-dependence-on-mobile-phones-in-young-adults-a-european-cross-cultural-empirical-survey
#10
Olatz Lopez-Fernandez, Daria J Kuss, Lucia Romo, Yannick Morvan, Laurence Kern, Pierluigi Graziani, Amélie Rousseau, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf, Anja Bischof, Ann-Kathrin Gässler, Adriano Schimmenti, Alessia Passanisi, Niko Männikkö, Maria Kääriänen, Zsolt Demetrovics, Orsolya Király, Mariano Chóliz, Juan José Zacarés, Emilia Serra, Mark D Griffiths, Halley M Pontes, Bernadeta Lelonek-Kuleta, Joanna Chwaszcz, Daniele Zullino, Lucien Rochat, Sophia Achab, Joël Billieux
Background and aims Despite many positive benefits, mobile phone use can be associated with harmful and detrimental behaviors. The aim of this study was twofold: to examine (a) cross-cultural patterns of perceived dependence on mobile phones in ten European countries, first, grouped in four different regions (North: Finland and UK; South: Spain and Italy; East: Hungary and Poland; West: France, Belgium, Germany, and Switzerland), and second by country, and (b) how socio-demographics, geographic differences, mobile phone usage patterns, and associated activities predicted this perceived dependence...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425257/role-of-hygienic-factors-in-the-etiology-of-allergic-disorders-in-children
#11
Şule Yeşil, Ahmet Kan, Olkar Abdulmajed, Arzu Bakirtaş, Nedim Sultan, Sadık M Demirsoy
BACKGROUND/AIM: We investigated the role of body flora and chronic inflammatory infections in the etiology of allergic disorders in Turkish children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty pediatric asthma patients with positive skin prick tests and 40 age-matched healthy subjects with negative skin prick tests were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Serum H. pylori IgG, viral hepatitis serology, IL-10, and TGF-beta levels were measured. Stool and throat cultures were taken and tested for occurrence of microorganisms...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425146/a-deep-nasopharyngeal-swab-versus-nonendoscopic-bronchoalveolar-lavage-for-isolation-of-bacterial-pathogens-from-preweaned-calves-with-respiratory-disease
#12
L Van Driessche, B R Valgaeren, L Gille, F Boyen, R Ducatelle, F Haesebrouck, P Deprez, B Pardon
BACKGROUND: Nonendoscopic bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) is a practical alternative for a deep nasopharyngeal swab (DNS) to sample the airways of a large number of calves in a short period of time. The extent of commensal overgrowth and agreement of BAL with DNS culture results in preweaned calves are unknown. OBJECTIVES: To compare commensal overgrowth and bacterial culture results between DNS and BAL samples. ANIMALS: A total of 183 preweaned calves (144 with bovine respiratory disease and 39 healthy animals)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424873/the-changes-in-the-reproductive-barrier-between-hexaploid-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l-and-rye-secale-cereale-l-different-states-lead-to-different-fates
#13
Natalia Tikhenko, Twan Rutten, Angelika Senula, Myroslava Rubtsova, E R Joachim Keller, Andreas Börner
The changes in the reproductive barrier between hexaploid wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.) and rye ( Secale cereale L.) can be induced using in situ embryo rescue of abnormal embryos, yielding stable fertile amphidiploid plants. In intergeneric crosses between hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and rye (Secale cereale L.), postzygotic barriers may occur at different stages of hybrid development. One such mechanism is embryo lethality, which is genetically determined by the interaction and expression of two incompatible genes in wheat (Eml-A1) and rye (Eml-R1)...
April 19, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424417/mesenchymal-stem-cells-differentially-affect-the-invasion-of-distinct-glioblastoma-cell-lines
#14
Barbara Breznik, Helena Motaln, Miloš Vittori, Ana Rotter, Tamara Lah Turnšek
Glioblastoma multiforme are an aggressive form of brain tumors that are characterized by distinct invasion of single glioblastoma cells, which infiltrate the brain parenchyma. This appears to be stimulated by the communication between cancer and stromal cells. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are part of the glioblastoma microenvironment, and their 'cross-talk' with glioblastoma cells is still poorly understood. Here, we examined the effects of bone marrow-derived MSCs on two different established glioblastoma cell lines U87 and U373...
March 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423884/integrating-market-chain-assessments-with-zoonoses-risk-analysis-in-two-cross-border-pig-value-chains-in-lao-pdr
#15
Anna Okello, Tassilo Tamino Tiemann, Phouth Inthavong, Boualam Khamlome, Ammaly Phengvilaysouk, Soukanh Keonouchanh, Chattouphone Keokhamphet, Virasack Somoulay, Kate Blaszak, Stuart Blacksell, Walter Okello, John Allen
Lao PDR's recent accession to the World Trade Organization necessitates a greater understanding of the patterns and risk of livestock production in order to better align national policy with the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. This eco-health study describes the integration of market chain and zoonoses risk analyses at two strategic cross border points between Lao PDR, Thailand and Viet Nam. Information gained from smallholder farmer/trader interviews was integrated with serological surveys for pig-associated zoonoses - including hepatitis E virus, Taenia solium and Trichinella - to identify potential linkages between disease risk and pig production and slaughter in low input systems common across the country...
March 25, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423685/tumor-fibroblast-interactions-stimulate-tumor-vascularization-by-enhancing-cytokine-driven-production-of-mmp9-by-tumor-cells
#16
Michelle Limoge, Alfiya Safina, Amy Beattie, Lauren Kapus, Alexander M Truskinovsky, Andrei V Bakin
Advance-stage breast carcinomas include significant amounts of fibroblasts and infiltrating immune cells which have been implicated in tumor growth, recurrence, and response to therapy. The present study investigated the contribution of fibroblasts to tumor growth using direct tumor-fibroblast co-cultures and tumor xenograft models. Our findings revealed that fibroblasts enhance breast carcinoma growth by promoting the tumor vasculature via the MMP9-dependent mechanism. In tumor-fibroblast co-cultures, fibroblasts increased expression of TGF-β, TNF, and IL-1β cytokines in tumor cells...
March 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423529/pif-promotes-brain-re-myelination-locally-while-regulating-systemic-inflammation-clinically-relevant-multiple-sclerosis-m-smegmatis-model
#17
Giuseppe Migliara, Martin Mueller, Alessia Piermattei, Chaya Brodie, Michael J Paidas, Eytan R Barnea, Francesco Ria
Neurologic disease diagnosis and treatment is challenging. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating autoimmune disease with few clinical forms and uncertain etiology. Current studies suggest that it is likely caused by infection(s) triggering a systemic immune response resulting in antigen/non-antigen-related autoimmune response in central nervous system (CNS). New therapeutic approaches are needed. Secreted by viable embryos, PreImplantation Factor (PIF) possesses a local and systemic immunity regulatory role...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423477/something-has-shifted-nursing-students-global-perspective-following-international-clinical-placements
#18
Shelley Gower, Ravani Duggan, Jaya A R Dantas, Duncan Boldy
AIMS: To examine understandings of global health issues among nursing students following participation in an international clinical placement during their pre-registration university education. BACKGROUND: Universities use international clinical placements, especially in developing countries, to develop cultural awareness in students, however little is known about the longer term influences on students' understandings of global nursing. DESIGN: A retrospective cross-sectional design was used, using an exploratory, descriptive qualitative approach...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422444/validation-of-the-mandarin-chinese-version-of-the-pain-sensitivity-questionnaire-psq
#19
Xiaoli Quan, Daniel Yee Tak Fong, Angela Yee Man Leung, Qin Liao, Ruth Ruscheweyh, Pui Hing Chau
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The Pain Sensitivity Questionnaire (PSQ), a self-reported scale, has been used to assess the pain sensitivity level in a Caucasian population. However, a validated Mandarin Chinese version of the PSQ is not available. This study was aimed to translate the PSQ into Mandarin Chinese (PSQ-C) and validate it to measure pain sensitivity among Chinese people. METHODS: The English version of the PSQ has been translated into Mandarin Chinese (PSQ-C), according to the standard steps of cross-cultural adaptation of self-reported scales...
April 18, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421509/appendix-e-rapid-i-tm-closed-vitrification-device-by-vitrolife
#20
Mark G Larman
Cryopreservation of gametes and embryos is a growing technique in numerous reproductive fields including human-assisted reproduction. With improved understanding of embryo physiology and optimized culture conditions, there are now more embryos than ever to vitrify for potential use in subsequent cycles. Many gametes and embryos have been cryopreserved in open systems, but there are concerns with regard to contamination from the liquid nitrogen and also cross-contamination between patients' germplasm. The development of the Rapid-i™, a closed vitrification device that does not use direct contact with liquid nitrogen during vitrification or subsequent storage, will be discussed as well as clinical protocols for human oocytes and embryos...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
keyword
keyword
81059
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"