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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161176/translation-and-cultural-adaptation-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-interprofessional-facilitation-scale
#1
Junji Haruta, Raoul Breugelmans, Hiroshi Nishigori
Effective interaction in interprofessional collaboration requires skills in interprofessional facilitation. The need for interprofessional learning and practice in Japan is highlighted by Japan's status as one of the most rapidly aging societies because good care for elderly people with complex needs requires effective collaboration between different professional groups. The development of interprofessional facilitation skills (including management of the additional complexities) among learners or professionals enhances interprofessional learning and consensus building and empowers them to make appropriate commitments when faced with difficult challenges...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160489/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-filial-responsibility-protocol-for-use-in-brazil
#2
Marines Aires, Fernanda Laís Fengler Dal Pizzol, Duane Mocellin, Idiane Rosset, Eliane Pinheiro de Morais, Lisiane Manganelli Girardi Paskulin
OBJECTIVE: To carry out a cross-cultural adaptation of the Filial Responsibility protocol for use in Brazil with adult child caregivers for elderly parents. METHOD: A methodological study that included the steps of initial translation, synthesis of translations, back-translation, committee of experts, pre-test, evaluation of psychometric measures and submission to authors. The protocol comprises a qualitative step, closed questions and seven scales: Filial Expectation, Subsidiary Compassion, Caregiver burden, Life Satisfaction, Personal Well-being and Quality of Relationships...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160381/quality-of-communication-questionnaire-for-copd-patients-receiving-palliative-care-translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-for-use-in-brazil
#3
Flávia Del Castanhel, Suely Grosseman
OBJECTIVE: To translate the Quality of Communication Questionnaire (QOC) to Portuguese and adapt it for use in Brazil in COPD patients receiving palliative care. METHODS: After approval from the first author of the original QOC and the local research ethics committee, the original, 13-item version of the questionnaire was independently translated to Brazilian Portuguese by two Brazilian translators fluent in English. The two translations were analyzed by a bilingual physician and the two Brazilian translators, who reached a consensus and produced another Portuguese version of the QOC...
September 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158689/assessment-of-chronic-pain-and-access-to-pain-therapy-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#4
Rosaria Del Giorno, Paolo Frumento, Giustino Varrassi, Antonella Paladini, Stefano Coaccioli
Background: Chronic pain (CP) has been shown as an important public health problem, and several studies emphasize the need to strengthen the health care and social systems to reduce its marginalization. This study aimed to: evaluate the epidemiology of CP in the general population in an Italian area; and assess the awareness of a specific law, unanimously approved in Parliament, which provides citizens the right to access pain management (Italian Law 38/2010). Methods: A cross-sectional population-based study carried out during the spring of 2014 at Narni, Umbria, Italy...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158641/development-of-an-efficient-and-reproducible-regeneration-system-in-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l
#5
Rakesh Kumar, Harohalli Masthigowda Mamrutha, Amandeep Kaur, Karnam Venkatesh, Anita Grewal, Raj Kumar, Vinod Tiwari
The availability of reproducible regeneration system through tissue culture is a major bottleneck in wheat improvement program. The present study has considered to develop an efficient callus induction and regeneration system using mature and immature embryos as explants in recently released agronomically superior spring wheat varieties. An efficient sterilization process was standardized using 0.1% HgCl2 and 70% ethanol for both seeds and embryos. The maximum possible combinations of plant growth regulators (PGRs) were evaluated for their effect on different wheat regeneration processes through tissue culture starting from callus to root induction...
October 2017: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158623/criterion-validity-of-the-hrqolisp-e-a-new-context-specific-screening-tool-for-poststroke-depression
#6
Akin Ojagbemi, Mayowa Owolabi, Joshua Akinyemi, Bruce Ovbiagele
Objectives: The optimal tool for identifying postsroke depression (PSD) is yet to be identified. In the present study, we rely on the depression subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D) as a meaningful criterion to investigate the psychometric properties of the HRQOLISP-E, a new context-specific screening tool for PSD developed from a large cross-cultural sample. Methods: We assessed baseline data being collected as part of an intervention to improve one-year blood pressure control among recent (≤one month) stroke survivors...
2017: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157865/peptide-yy-3-36-modulates-intracellular-calcium-through-activation-of-the-phosphatidylinositol-pathway-in-hippocampal-neurons
#7
Michelle Flores Domingues, Dênis Reis de Assis, Angela Regina Piovesan, Cháriston André Dal Belo, Jaderson Costa da Costa
Peptide YY (PYY) belongs to the neuropeptide Y (NPY) family, which also includes the pancreatic polypeptide (PP) and NPY. PYY is secreted by the intestinal L cells, being present in the blood stream in two active forms capable of crossing the blood brain barrier, PYY (1-36) and its cleavage product, PYY (3-36). PYY is a selective agonist for the Y2 receptor (Y2R) and these receptors are abundant in the hippocampus. Here we investigated the mechanisms by which PYY (3-36) regulates intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)]i) in hippocampal neurons by employing a calcium imaging technique in hippocampal cultures...
November 7, 2017: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157727/an-opportunistic-route-to-success-towards-a-change-of-paradigm-to-fully-exploit-the-potential-of-cell-penetrating-peptides
#8
Estel Collado Camps, Roland Brock
About 25years ago it was demonstrated that certain peptides possess the ability to cross the plasma membrane. This led to the development of cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) as vectors to mediate the cellular entry of (macro-)molecules that do not show cell entry by themselves. Nonetheless, in spite of an early bloom of promising pre-clinical studies, not a single CPP-based drug has been approved, yet. It is a paradigm in CPP research that the peptides are taken up by virtually all cells. In exploratory research and early preclinical development, this assumption guides the choice of the therapeutic target...
November 4, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157233/integrating-acute-stroke-telemedicine-consultations-into-specialists-usual-practice-a-qualitative-analysis-comparing-the-experience-of-australia-and-the-united-kingdom
#9
Kathleen L Bagot, Dominique A Cadilhac, Christopher F Bladin, Caroline L Watkins, Michelle Vu, Geoffrey A Donnan, Helen M Dewey, Hedley C A Emsley, D Paul Davies, Elaine Day, Gary A Ford, Christopher I Price, Carl R May, Alison S R McLoughlin, Josephine M E Gibson, Catherine E Lightbody
BACKGROUND: Stroke telemedicine can reduce healthcare inequities by increasing access to specialists. Successful telemedicine networks require specialists adapting clinical practice to provide remote consultations. Variation in experiences of specialists between different countries is unknown. To support future implementation, we compared perceptions of Australian and United Kingdom specialists providing remote acute stroke consultations. METHODS: Specialist participants were identified using purposive sampling from two new services: Australia's Victorian Stroke Telemedicine Program (n = 6; 2010-13) and the United Kingdom's Cumbria and Lancashire telestroke network (n = 5; 2010-2012)...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156867/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-assessment-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-vulnerability-to-abuse-screening-scale
#10
Güler Duru Aşiret, Gülcan Bağcıvan, Münevver Özcan, Beste Başak Eröksüz, Nalan Akbayrak, Nuran Akdemir
Background/aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Vulnerability to Abuse Screening Scale (VASS). Materials and methods: This was a methodological study. The sample included 140 elderly individuals. Data were collected by using a questionnaire form, the VASS, and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). The Cronbach alpha value was calculated and test?retest reliability was tested for the reliability analyses. Results: The Cronbach alpha value calculated for the VASS (12 items) was 0...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155937/nanoparticle-based-lateral-flow-biosensor-combined-with-multiple-cross-displacement-amplification-for-rapid-visual-and-sensitive-detection-of-vibrio-cholerae
#11
Yi Wang, Hui Li, Yan Wang, Lu Zhang, Jingyun Zhang, Jianguo Xu, Changyun Ye
Vibrio cholerae (V. cholerae) is an important human pathogen that is responsible for cholera, a severe acute watery diarrhea. In the current study, a multiple cross displacement amplification (MCDA) coupled with amplicon detection by chromatographic lateral flow biosensor (LFB) method (MCDA-LFB) was successfully established and evaluated for identification of V. cholerae. A set of ten primers was designed specifically to recognize ten different regions of the V. cholerae-specific gene ompW. The optimized time and temperature conditions for the MCDA were 30 min at 63˚C...
November 16, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155847/context-and-culture-associated-with-alcohol-use-amongst-youth-in-major-urban-cities-a-cross-country-population-based-survey
#12
Anne W Taylor, Bridgette M Bewick, Alfred B Makanjuola, Ling Qian, Valentina V Kirzhanova, Paulo Alterwain
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption patterns are dependent upon culture and context. The aim of this study was to interview people aged 18-34 year old living in four cities in different regions of the world to explore differences in a range of alcohol measures to assist in determining culturally appropriate alcohol initiatives for this age group. METHOD: Multistage random sampling was consistent across the four cities (Ilorin (Nigeria), Wuhan (China), Montevideo (Uruguay) and Moscow (Russia))...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155786/isolation-and-cultivation-of-adult-rat-cardiomyocytes
#13
Franziska Nippert, Rolf Schreckenberg, Klaus-Dieter Schlüter
In an intact heart, adjacent cells influence adult cardiomyocytes. With the method of isolation and cultivation of adult cardiomyocytes, a precise investigation of the behavior of these cells under specific treatments and environments is possible. This manuscript presents a protocol for successful isolation and cultivation of adult rat ventricular cardiomyocytes (ARVC). The rat is sacrificed by cervical dislocation under deep anesthesia. Then, the heart is extracted and the aorta is uncovered. Subsequently, perfusion on the Langendorff perfusion system with calcium depletion and collagenase treatment is performed...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154392/rapid-and-simple-detection-of-ureaplasma-species-from-vaginal-swab-samples-using-a-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-method
#14
Kazumasa Fuwa, Mitsuko Seki, Yoshiyasu Hirata, Itaru Yanagihara, Yukiko Nakura, Chika Takano, Kazumichi Kuroda, Satoshi Hayakawa
PROBLEM: Ureaplasma species occasionally cause chorioamnionitis and premature labor. We developed a novel assay employing a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method to detect Ureaplasma parvum and Ureaplasma urealyticum. METHOD OF STUDY: Loop-mediated isothermal amplification primers were designed to amplify Ureaplasma-specific ureaseB genes. Four U. parvum strains, 5 U. urealyticum strains and 14 reference bacterial species were evaluated. Forty-six vaginal swab samples were analyzed by LAMP, culture, and PCR...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153225/are-there-clinical-signs-and-symptoms-of-infection-to-indicate-the-presence-of-multidrug-resistant-bacteria-in-venous-ulcers
#15
Silvana de Lima Vieira Dos Santos, Marlene Andrade Martins, Marinésia Aparecida do Prado, José Verdú Soriano, Maria Márcia Bachion
The selection of topical and systemic therapies for the treatment of venous ulcers with signs of infection is challenging and should be accompanied by specific precautionary measures to protect against cross-contamination in the presence of multidrug-resistant microorganisms. However, there are still no clinical indicators for this situation, and confirmation of resistant strains occurs through culture and sensitivity, which can take up to 14 days. During this period, protective measures may no longer be taken, contributing to the spread of these pathogens...
December 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152733/factorial-and-convergent-validity-of-the-youth-psychopathic-traits-inventory-short-version-in-ghana
#16
Samuel Adjorlolo, Bruce D Watt
Studies have shown the existence of psychopathy construct in Western cultures. However, there is a general lack of research on this topical issue in non-Western countries, specifically sub-Saharan Africa. Consequently, this study investigated the factorial and convergent validity of the Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory-Short Version (YPI-S) in 327 adolescents in Ghana. Confirmatory factor analysis supported a three-factor structure (interpersonal, behavioural and affective) of psychopathy that was invariant across gender...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152327/proangiogenic-alginate-g-pyrrole-hydrogel-with-decoupled-control-of-mechanical-rigidity-and-electrically-conductivity
#17
Ross J DeVolder, Yongbeom Seo, Hyunjoon Kong
Background: An electrically conductive hydrogel has emerged to regulate cellular secretion activities with electrical stimulation. However, the electrical conductivity of typical hydrogel systems decreases with increasing elastic modulus of the hydrogels because of decreased transport of ions through a polymeric cross-linked mesh. Method: This study hypothesized that the inverse dependency between electrical conductivity and elastic modulus would be made through the cross-linking of conductive monomer-units conjugated to a hydrophilic polymeric backbone...
2017: Biomaterials Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152311/associations-of-out-of-school-physical-activity-sedentary-lifestyle-and-socioeconomic-status-with-weight-status-and-adiposity-of-cameroon-children
#18
Lifoter K Navti, Mary B Atanga, Loveline L Niba
Background: Low physical activity and a sedentary lifestyle are contributing to overweight/obesity in children. This study aims to explore relationships between out of school physical activity, sedentary lifestyle and socioeconomic status indicators with children's weight status and adiposity. Methods: Five hundred twenty-two children of ages 5 to 12 years were randomly selected in a school-based cross sectional study in Bamenda, Cameroon. Weight and height were measured and BMI calculated...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151893/defining-the-gap-a-systematic-review-of-the-difference-in-rates-of-diabetes-related-foot-complications-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-australians-and-non-indigenous-australians
#19
REVIEW
Matthew West, Vivienne Chuter, Shannon Munteanu, Fiona Hawke
Background: The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community has an increased risk of developing chronic illnesses including diabetes. Among people with diabetes, foot complications are common and make a significant contribution to the morbidity and mortality associated with this disease. The aim of this review was to systematically evaluate the literature comparing the rates of diabetes related foot complications in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians to non-Indigenous Australians...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151792/fluoxetine-modulates-sex-steroid-levels-in-vitro
#20
Diana Lupu, Marcus O D Sjödin, Mukesh Varshney, Johan Lindberg, Felicia Loghin, Joëlle Rüegg
Background and aims: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are antidepressants increasingly prescribed against depression during and after pregnancy. However, these compounds cross the placenta and are found in breast milk, thus reaching, and possibly affecting, the fetus and infant during critical developmental stages. Fluoxetine (FLX), a widely used SSRI, can interfere with estrogen signaling, which is important for the development of female sex organs and certain brain areas, among others...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
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