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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913995/adenoma-prevalence-and-distribution-among-us-latino-subgroups-undergoing-screening-colonoscopy
#1
Sumedha V Chablani, Lina Jandorf, Katherine DuHamel, Kristen K Lee, Pathu Sriphanlop, Cristina Villagra, Steven H Itzkowitz
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading malignancy diagnosed among US Latinos. Latinos in the USA represent a heterogeneous amalgam of subgroups varying in genetic background, culture, and socioeconomic status. Little is known about the frequency of CRC precursor lesions found at screening colonoscopy among Latino subgroups. AIM: The aim was to determine the prevalence and distribution of histologically confirmed adenomas found at screening colonoscopy among average-risk, asymptomatic US Latinos according to their subgroup and socio-demographic background...
December 2, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912763/global-health-partnership-for-student-peer-to-peer-psychiatry-e-learning-lessons-learned
#2
REVIEW
Roxanne C Keynejad
BACKGROUND: Global 'twinning' relationships between healthcare organizations and institutions in low and high-resource settings have created growing opportunities for e-health partnerships which capitalize upon expanding information technology resources worldwide. E-learning approaches to medical education are increasingly popular but remain under-investigated, whilst a new emphasis on global health teaching has coincided with university budget cuts in many high income countries. RESULTS: King's Somaliland Partnership (KSP) is a paired institutional partnership health link, supported by Tropical Health and Education Trust (THET), which works to strengthen the healthcare system and improve access to care through mutual exchange of skills, knowledge and experience between Somaliland and King's Health Partners, UK...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910210/microbiological-evaluation-of-the-extension-wire-and-percutaneous-epidural-lead-anchor-site-following-a-2-stage-cut-down-spinal-cord-stimulator-procedure
#3
Abdul Ghaaliq Lalkhen, Mahindra Chincholkar, Jiten Patel
OBJECTIVES: There are concerns regarding bacterial colonization of the temporary extension leads and subsequent infection risk using the 2-stage cut-down approach in spinal cord stimulation (SCS). We sought to quantify the extent of bacterial colonization of the temporary extension wire and percutaneous epidural lead anchor site. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional observational study recruiting a pragmatic sample of 25 consecutive patients listed for a cut-down trial of SCS...
December 2, 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909737/-attitudes-towards-psychotherapy-in-south-korea-and-germany-a%C3%A2-cross-cultural-comparative-study
#4
W Schulz, M A Shin, G Schmid-Ott
BACKGROUND: Due to the relatively recent introduction of psychotherapy in South Korea and against the background of collectivist and Confucian values, it has been suggested that South Koreans harbor more negative attitudes towards psychotherapy compared to Germans and that the social acceptance of psychotherapy is lower. METHODS: We compared the attitudes of 99 women from South Korea with 98 German women using the questionnaire on attitudes towards psychotherapeutic treatment (FEP)...
December 1, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909040/association-between-organisational-and-workplace-cultures-and-patient-outcomes-systematic-review-protocol
#5
J Braithwaite, J Herkes, K Ludlow, G Lamprell, L Testa
INTRODUCTION: Despite widespread interest in the topic, no current synthesis of research is available analysing the linkages between organisational or workplace cultures on the one hand, and patient outcomes on the other. This protocol proposes a systematic review to analyse and synthesise the literature to date on this topic. The resulting review will discuss characteristics of included studies in terms of the type of healthcare settings researched, the measurements of organisational and workplace culture, patient outcomes measured and the influence of these cultures on patient outcomes...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907928/cytomorphological-analysis-of-lymph-node-lesions-in-hiv-positive-patients-with-cd4-count-correlation-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Sadia Siddiqa Nasser, Rashmi K Patil, Shreekanth K Kittur
OBJECTIVES: To study the cytomorphological spectrum of lymph node lesions in HIV-positive patients and correlate the cytological findings with the CD4 count. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study of 23 months' duration which included 110 HIV-positive cases proved according to the guidelines of the National AIDS Control Organisation. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) was done on clinically palpable lymph nodes. Special stains and culture were done wherever necessary...
December 2, 2016: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907154/pheromone-recognition-and-selectivity-by-comr-proteins-among-streptococcus-species
#7
Erin Shanker, Donald A Morrison, Antoine Talagas, Sylvie Nessler, Michael J Federle, Gerd Prehna
Natural transformation, or competence, is an ability inherent to bacteria for the uptake of extracellular DNA. This process is central to bacterial evolution and allows for the rapid acquirement of new traits, such as antibiotic resistance in pathogenic microorganisms. For the Gram-positive bacteria genus Streptococcus, genes required for competence are under the regulation of quorum sensing (QS) mediated by peptide pheromones. One such system, ComRS, consists of a peptide (ComS) that is processed (XIP), secreted, and later imported into the cytoplasm, where it binds and activates the transcription factor ComR...
December 2016: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906980/patterns-of-sexual-behavior-in-lowland-thai-youth-and-ethnic-minorities-attending-high-school-in-rural-chiang-mai-thailand
#8
Linda Aurpibul, Arunrat Tangmunkongvorakul, Patou Masika Musumari, Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Surapee Tarnkehard
INTRODUCTION: The rural areas of Northern Thailand are home to a large cultural diversity of ethnic minority groups. Previous studies have shown that young people in rural Thailand have low levels of knowledge on HIV/AIDS and high sexual risks. We compared sexual behaviors between the lowland Thai youth and the youth from ethnic minority groups. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This is a cross-sectional quantitative study conducted among high-school Thai and ethnic students in Chiang Mai...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906115/established-cell-surface-markers-efficiently-isolate-highly-overlapping-populations-of-skeletal-muscle-satellite-cells-by-fluorescence-activated-cell-sorting
#9
Claire C Maesner, Albert E Almada, Amy J Wagers
BACKGROUND: Fluorescent-activated cell sorting (FACS) has enabled the direct isolation of highly enriched skeletal muscle stem cell, or satellite cell, populations from postnatal tissue. Several distinct surface marker panels containing different positively selecting surface antigens have been used to distinguish muscle satellite cells from other non-myogenic cell types. Because functional and transcriptional heterogeneity is known to exist within the satellite cell population, a direct comparison of results obtained in different laboratories has been complicated by a lack of clarity as to whether commonly utilized surface marker combinations select for distinct or overlapping subsets of the satellite cell pool...
November 8, 2016: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905541/serbian-language-version-of-the-modified-checklist-for-autism-in-toddlers-revised-with-follow-up-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-assessment-of-reliability
#10
Mia Carakovac, Jelena Jovanovic, Marko Kalanj, Nenad Rudic, Olivera Aleksic-Hil, Branko Aleksic, Itzel Bustos Villalobos, Hideki Kasuya, Norio Ozaki, Dusica Lecic-Tosevski, Milica Pejovic-Milovancevic
Early detection of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has proven to be of high significance, however there is a limited availability of ASD screening tools in Serbian language. In this study we aim to translate, assess reliability and, in part, test the applicability of Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised, with Follow-Up (M-CHAT R/F) in Serbian Healthcare environment. We screened 128 children in three primary healthcare centres and 20 children in a tertiary psychiatric center, using M-CHAT R/F translated into Serbian language, between December 2014 and October 2015...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905056/principal-covariates-clusterwise-regression-pccr-accounting-for-multicollinearity-and-population-heterogeneity-in-hierarchically-organized-data
#11
Tom Frans Wilderjans, Eva Vande Gaer, Henk A L Kiers, Iven Van Mechelen, Eva Ceulemans
In the behavioral sciences, many research questions pertain to a regression problem in that one wants to predict a criterion on the basis of a number of predictors. Although in many cases, ordinary least squares regression will suffice, sometimes the prediction problem is more challenging, for three reasons: first, multiple highly collinear predictors can be available, making it difficult to grasp their mutual relations as well as their relations to the criterion. In that case, it may be very useful to reduce the predictors to a few summary variables, on which one regresses the criterion and which at the same time yields insight into the predictor structure...
November 30, 2016: Psychometrika
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904948/evaluation-of-the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-persian-version-of-patient-rated-elbow-evaluation-questionnaire
#12
Mohammad Reza Farazdaghi, Ali Mansoori, Omid Vosoughi, Amin Kordi Yoosefinejad
Elbow joint pathologies are highly prevalent in Persian-speaking countries. A reliable low-cost method like an appropriate questionnaire is mandatory for the early diagnosis of elbow joint disorders. Among designed questionnaires, Patient-Rated Elbow Evaluation (PREE) is an accepted commonly used scale evaluating pain and dysfunction of the patients. The aims of the study were to cross-culturally adapt and also to identify the psychometric properties of the Persian PREE. The original version of the PREE was translated and cross-culturally adapted to Persian according to the guidelines by Beaton et al...
November 30, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904743/frontline-worker-perceptions-of-medication-safety-in-india
#13
Sangeeta Sharma, Fauzia Tabassum, Sarbjeet Khurana, Kaveri Kapoor
BACKGROUND: To explore interprofessionals' perceptions about patient safety, particularly medication safety and associated factors and barriers. METHODS: A total of 389 respondents were recruited using convenience sample in the cross sectional survey. RESULTS: Medication safety was perceived as somewhat safe (60%). One-third of respondents witnessed 3-4 or more medication errors (MEs) within the past 1 year. Out of that, one quarter were reportedly, sentinel events...
December 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904592/factors-affecting-the-quality-of-hospital-hotel-services-from-the-patients-and-their-companions-point-of-view-a-national-study-in-iran
#14
Seyed Majid Shirzadi, Pouran Raeissi, Amir Ashkan Nasiripour, Seyed Jamaleddin Tabibi
BACKGROUND: The hospitality design of a hospital is a complex process that depends on careful planning, systematic thinking, and consideration of various factors. This study aimed to determine the viewpoints of patients and their relatives on factors affecting hospital hotel services in Iran in 2015. The results of this study can be used to design a suitable model for the assessment and improvement of hospitality service quality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 10 hospitals of Iran were included...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904544/comparative-evaluation-of-conventional-and-bactec-methods-for-detection-of-bacterial-infection
#15
Afshin Mohammad Alizadeh, Rehyhaneh Kabiri Movahed, Mona Mohammadnia
BACKGROUND: Infectious diseases are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. The aim of this study was to compare the results of blood culture employing the conventional and BACTEC methods for detection of bacterial infection in Taleghani Hospital, Tehran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a descriptive study carried out for 3 months (March 2014-May 2014) on 272 inpatients. Their blood culture results were analyzed using the two methods (BACTEC and conventional)...
2016: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904527/effect-of-th1-th2-cytokine-administration-on-proinflammatory-skov-3-cell-activation
#16
Aleksandra Mielczarek-Palacz, Justyna Sikora, Zdzisława Kondera-Anasz, Patrycja Mickiewicz, Adam Mickiewicz
INTRODUCTION: Interleukin(IL)-1β, IL-6 and IL-12 might associate with inflammatory processes in a tumor progression and create a specific microenvironment for tumor growth. The aim of the study was to assess whether the Th1 and Th2 type cytokines, such as IL-2 and IL-10, affect ovarian carcinoma continuous cell line (SKOV-3) pro-inflammatory activation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: SKOV-3 ovarian cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were stimulated by IL-2 and IL-10...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904520/a-diagnostic-one-step-real-time-reverse-transcription-polymerase-chain-reaction-method-for-accurate-detection-of-influenza-virus-type-a
#17
Mohammad Amin Behzadi, Mazyar Ziyaeyan, Abdolvahab Alborzi
INTRODUCTION: Influenza A is known as a public health concern worldwide. In this study, a novel one-step real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rtRT-PCR) assay was designed and optimized for the detection of influenza A viruses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The primers and probe were designed based on the analysis of 90 matrix nucleotide sequence data of influenza type A subtypes from the GenBank database of the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903954/gender-policing-during-childhood-and-the-psychological-well-being-of-young-adult-sexual-minority-men-in-the-united-states
#18
José A Bauermeister, Daniel Connochie, Laura Jadwin-Cakmak, Steven Meanley
Hegemonic masculinities (i.e., sets of socially accepted masculine behaviors and beliefs within a given time and culture) may affect the well-being of sexual minority men, yet quantitative relationships between these masculinities and well-being remain largely unexplored. Using data from a national cross-sectional survey of young sexual minority men (N = 1,484; ages 18-24 years), the current study examined the relationship between parental gender policing during childhood and adolescence and subsequent substance use and psychological distress...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903077/approaches-to-learning-among-occupational-therapy-undergraduate-students-a-cross-cultural-study
#19
Ted Brown, Kenneth N K Fong, Tore Bonsaksen, Tan Hwei Lan, Yuki Murdolo, Pablo Cruz Gonzalez, Lim Hua Beng
BACKGROUND: Students may adopt various approaches to academic learning. Occupational therapy students' approaches to study and the impact of cultural context have not been formally investigated to date. AIM: To examine the approaches to study adopted by undergraduate occupational therapy students from four different cultural settings. METHOD: 712 undergraduate occupational therapy students (n = 376 from Australia, n = 109 from Hong Kong, n = 160 from Norway and n = 67 from Singapore) completed the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students (ASSIST)...
November 30, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902880/monoamine-oxidase-inhibitory-activity-methyl-versus-chlorochalcone-derivatives
#20
Bijo Mathew, Gülberk Uçar, Githa Elizabeth Mathew, Sincy Mathew, Praseedha Kalatharakkal Purapurath, Fasil Moolayil, Smrithy Mohan, Sheeba Varghese Gupta
Numerous studies have shown that chalcones are promising scaffolds for the development of new monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B) inhibitors. As a continuation of our ongoing research into the development of reversible human MAO-B (hMAO-B) inhibitors, two series of twenty chalcones containing electron-donating and electron-withdrawing substituents were synthesized. All compounds were found to be competitive, selective, and reversible inhibitors of hMAO-B except (2E)-1-(4-methylphenyl)-3-(4-nitrophenyl)prop-2-en-1-one (P7) and (2E)-1-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-(4-nitrophenyl)prop-2-en-1-one (P17), which were found to be selective inhibitors of hMAO-A...
November 30, 2016: ChemMedChem
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