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Khuda Bakhsh, Naeem Ahmad, M Asif Kamran, Sarfraz Hassan, Qasir Abbas, Rashed Saeed, M Sadiq Hashmi
BACKGROUND: Farm workers and female cotton pickers are exposed to residual impacts of pesticide use in cotton production, in addition to dust, ultraviolet radiation, etc. Cotton picking causes various health hazards among cotton pickers with varied health cost. A soil bacterium known as Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) is incorporated in cotton seed through genetic modification and it has resistance against certain bollworms of cotton. So it is considered that Bt cotton fields have less pesticide exposure compared to non-Bt cotton fields...
2016: BMC Public Health
Mairead Eastin Moloney
The medicalisation of sleep is a rich and growing area of sociological interest. Previous research suggests that medicalisation is occurring within the context of physician office visits, but the inner workings remain unclear. This study is the first to provide perspectives on the office visit interaction from both sleepless patients (n = 27) and the physicians (n = 8) who treat them. Analyses of semi-structured qualitative interviews reveal that sleep-related conversations are typically patient-initiated in routine office visits...
September 4, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
Zeynep Taş Cengiz, Hasan Yılmaz, Mutalip Çiçek, Yunus Emre Beyhan, Ahmet Cumhur Dülger
The aim of this study was to present three cystoisosporiasis cases diagnosed in pediatric patients of the Yuzuncu Yil University Medical Faculty. In the study, stool samples of the patients were evaluated by native-Lugol and modified acid-fast staining methods in the Parasitology Laboratory. The first case was a 4-year-old male child diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). It was reported that the patient had abdominal pain, and permanent bloody and mucous diarrhea (8-10 times a day) was present for almost 1 week after the beginning of ALL treatment...
June 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Kaye K Gaines
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Urologic Nursing
Ozalp Ekinci, Meltem Çobanoğullari Direk, Nuran Ekinci, Cetin Okuyaz
Almost one-fifth of children who sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI) are under the risk of attention problems after injury. The efficacy and tolerability of methylphenidate (MPH) in children with a history of TBI have not been completely identified. In this case report, MPH-induced manic symptoms in an adolescent with TBI will be summarized. A male patient aged 17 years was admitted with the complaints of attention difficulties on schoolwork and forgetfullness which became evident after TBI. Long-acting MPH was administered with the dose of 18 mg/day for attention problems...
August 31, 2016: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Joydeep Majumder, Bhavani S Bagepally, Priyanka Shah, Sanjay Kotadiya, Suresh Yadav, Nibedita Naha
BACKGROUND: Workers exposed to heavy manual material handling (MMH) in a hot working environment succumb to severe physical stress and psychological stress. AIMS: (1) Recognize the heat load at workplaces of ceramic industry and iron industry, and (2) comparatively examine the characteristics of self-reported physiological responses and heat-health perception among these workers. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Cross-sectional prospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Workplace microclimate in the ceramic industry and iron industry was monitored...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Jia-Hou Poh, Pearlynne L H Chong, Michael W L Chee
Sleep deprivation can result in degradation of sustained attention through increased distraction by task-irrelevant exogenous stimuli. However, attentional failures in the sleep-deprived state could also be a result of task-unrelated thoughts (TUTs, or mind wandering). Here, well-rested and sleep-deprived participants performed a visual search task under high and low perceptual load conditions. Thought probes were administered at irregular intervals to gauge the frequency of TUTs and level of meta-awareness of mind wandering...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
Eduard J De Bruin, Francisca J A van Steensel, Anne Marie Meijer
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate cost-effectiveness of adolescent cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI) in group- and Internet-delivered formats, from a societal perspective with a time horizon of 1 y. METHODS: Costs and effects data up to 1-y follow-up were obtained from a randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing Internet CBTI to face-to-face group CBTI. The study was conducted at the laboratory of the Research Institute of Child Development and Education at the University of Amsterdam, and the academic youth mental health care center UvAMinds in Amsterdam...
2016: Sleep
Aurélie Van Lancker, Dimitri Beeckman, Sofie Verhaeghe, Nele Van Den Noortgate, Ann Van Hecke
BACKGROUND: Accurate detection of symptoms is essential in palliative care. Identification of clustering of symptom is valuable to develop target interventions. This area is largely understudied in older palliative cancer patients. OBJECTIVES: To identify symptom clustering in older palliative cancer patients, and patient groups based on the clustering of symptoms, and to evaluate the difference in functional dependence and experiencing life as not meaningful between the identified patient groups...
September 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Alice Pearl Sedziafa, Eric Y Tenkorang, Adobea Y Owusu
Intimate partner violence has implications for women's health globally. Patrilineal women have been shown to have increased risk of experiencing intimate partner violence, yet, the health consequences of intimate partner violence in patrilineal women have not been thoroughly explored or documented. This study used qualitative in-depth interviews to explore the health effects of intimate partner violence among 15 ever-partnered Ghanaian patrilineal women. Participants attributed violence to several factors including gendered domestic relations, cultural and marital rites and alcohol use, among other factors...
June 9, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Sabine Sawatzky, Marianne Schario, Andrea Stroux, Lena Lünnemann, Torsten Zuberbier, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Natalie Garcia Bartels
BACKGROUND: Dry skin is a common skin condition in childhood. Few studies exist investigating the influence of daily skin care on dry skin in infants at risk of developing atopic dermatitis (AD). We aimed to assess the effect of skin care on dry skin in this special cohort using validated scores for AD and analysis of skin microtopography. METHODS: 43 children were randomized to group 1 (G1) and group 2 (G2) and 22 infants to group 3 (G3). During 16 weeks, G1 and G3 applied daily a plant-based emollient and G2 a petrolatum-based emollient...
2016: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
Juveria Zaheer, Wes Shera, A Ka Tat Tsang, Samuel Law, Wai Lun Alan Fung, Rahel Eynan, June Lam, Xiaoqian Zheng, Liu Pozi, Paul S Links
RATIONALE: Recent studies have highlighted higher rates of suicidal ideation and behaviour and associated themes of gender role stress in Chinese women residing in North America. However, qualitative studies, which privilege their voices in the discourse of suicide prevention and provide insight into their experiences, are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To gain an understanding of the life histories, patterns of distress and constructions of suicide of Chinese-Canadian women with a history of suicidal behaviour...
July 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Mark J Sarnak, Mark Unruh
Disorders of sleep have been associated with adverse outcomes in both the general population and in patients with chronic kidney disease. McMullan et al. add to this literature by demonstrating an association between short sleep duration and more rapid decline in glomerular filtration rate. We discuss the potential implications of these results but also offer some caution in over-interpretation of the data, given limitations in both the assessment of sleep as well as the kidney outcomes.
June 2016: Kidney International
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Heather Wood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Nature Reviews. Neurology
Christine J Syrek, Oliver Weigelt, Corinna Peifer, Conny H Antoni
It is almost common sense that work stress leads to sleep impairment, but the question of how work-related stressors impair employee sleep remains open. This study focuses on the role of rumination as the underlying mechanism for sleep impairment. Specifically, the authors contribute to recent research differentiating affective rumination from problem-solving pondering and examine the impact of both forms of rumination on the stressor-sleep relationship. Following theories of rumination and the Zeigarnik effect, they focus on unfinished tasks as a key onset for rumination...
April 21, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
Andreas Otte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Han Luo, Hongliu Yang, Bin Huang, Ding Yuan, Jingqiang Zhu, Jichun Zhao
OBJECTIVE: General malnutrition usually occurs in critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients because of shortness of appetite and sleeplessness leaded by chronic pain. And amputation frequently is end-point of CLI patients. So the aim of this study was to assess the predictive ability of Geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) for predicting amputation in patients with CLI. METHODS: A retrospective study was designed. Demographics, history, comorbidity, and risk factors for peripheral vascular disease of admitted patients, and laboratory study were documented...
2016: PloS One
Takayuki Kageyama, Takashi Yano, Sonoko Kuwano, Shinichi Sueoka, Hideki Tachibana
The association of wind turbine noise (WTN) with sleep and physical/mental health has not been fully investigated. To investigate the relationship of WTN with the prevalence of self-reported symptoms of sleep and health problems, a socioacoustic survey of 1079 adult residents was conducted throughout Japan (2010-2012): 747 in 34 areas surrounding wind turbine plants and 332 in 16 control areas. During face-to-face interviews, the respondents were not informed of the purpose of the survey. Questions on symptoms such as sleeplessness and physical/mental complaints were asked without specifying reasons...
March 2016: Noise & Health
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