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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318420/severity-of-symptoms-persists-for-decades-in-fibromyalgia-a-26-year-follow-up-study
#1
Risto Isomeri, Marja Mikkelsson, Markku Partinen, Markku J Kauppi
The aim of this study is to find out the outcome of 28 patients who got the diagnosis of primary fibromyalgia (pFM) 26 years ago. In 1986, 56 patients with widespread pain were examined and filled in a base questionnaire (BQ). Of them, 42 fulfilled the Yunus criteria for pFM. Twenty-six years later, addresses of 38 patients were found, and an extensive follow-up questionnaire (FupQ) was mailed to them. Of them, 28 (74%) answered the FupQ. This included nine identical questions with the BQ and questions concerning changes in their symptoms and quality of life (Qol)...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280848/could-melatonin-be-the-cure-for-sleepless-nights
#2
Bailey Heminger, Daniel J Sheridan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219941/testing-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-postpartum-sleep-quality-scale-in-turkish-women
#3
İlkay Boz, Nida Selvi
BACKGROUND: Postpartum sleeplessness has been observed to be an important health problem in Turkey. However, no scale is currently available to evaluate quality of sleep in Turkish postpartum women. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to test the validity and reliability of the Turkish Postpartum Sleep Quality Scale (T-PSQS). METHODS: The sample of this methodological study surveyed 100 women during their first 2 postpartum weeks. Data were obtained using a personal characteristics form and the PSQS...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185258/corticosteroids-for-chronic-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyradiculoneuropathy
#4
REVIEW
Richard Ac Hughes, Man Mohan Mehndiratta, Yusuf A Rajabally
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) is a progressive or relapsing and remitting paralysing illness, probably due to an autoimmune response, which should benefit from corticosteroid treatment. Non-randomised studies suggest that corticosteroids are beneficial. Two commonly used corticosteroids are prednisone and prednisolone. Both are usually given as oral tablets. Prednisone is converted into prednisolone in the liver so that the effect of the two drugs is usually the same...
November 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167039/psychological-and-psychiatric-symptoms-of-terminally-ill-patients-with-cancer-and-their-family-caregivers-in-the-home-care-setting-a-nation-wide-survey-from-the-perspective-of-bereaved-family-members-in-japan
#5
Makoto Kobayakawa, Asao Ogawa, Michiko Konno, Akiko Kurata, Jun Hamano, Tatsuya Morita, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Satoru Tsuneto, Yasuo Shima, Maho Aoyama, Mitsunori Miyashita
OBJECTIVE: The psychological and psychiatric symptoms of terminally ill cancer patients are highly problematic and have been associated with greater burden among caregivers. Until now, the extent of these problems in the home care setting was unclear. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted as part of a nationwide survey from the perspective of bereaved family members in Japan (J-HOPE3). The bereaved family members rated the symptoms of delirium and suicidal ideation of patients with cancer, and the sleeplessness and depressed mood of family caregivers utilizing home care services in the one month before the patients' deaths...
December 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166793/the-use-and-discontinuation-of-hormone-replacement-therapy-in-women-in-south-china
#6
K Chu, Y Song, N D Chatooah, Q Weng, Q Ying, L Ma, F Qu, J Zhou
OBJECTIVE: The use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) started later in China than in European countries. The purpose of the present study was to investigate HRT patterns and reasons for the initiation and discontinuation of HRT among women in South China. METHODS: A telephone survey about menopausal status, the use of HRT, reasons for HRT discontinuation and duration of HRT treatment was conducted in 2014. RESULTS: A total of 825 telephone surveys were carried out, and 217 previous HRT users and 390 current users were recruited for this study...
November 23, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153443/subjective-sleep-disturbances-are-associated-with-intrinsic-motivation-toward-sleep-related-thinking
#7
Keisuke Takano, Filip Raes
Biased information processing has been highlighted as a possible vulnerability factor for sleep problems. A theory states that perceived sleeplessness triggers a strong approach motivation (or craving) for sleep, and then activates persistent preoccupation with sleep. However, there is no clear evidence that perceived sleeplessness is associated with such a motivation toward sleep-related information. Thus, we examined the untested idea that people with subjective sleep disturbances would prefer sleep-related topics, using a modified version of the pay-per-view task...
November 13, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133223/phenotypical-differences-of-childhood-and-adult-onset-atopic-dermatitis
#8
Jonathan I Silverberg, Paras P Vakharia, Rishi Chopra, Ryan Sacotte, Neha Patel, Supriya Immaneni, Takeisha White, Robert Kantor, Derek Y Hsu
BACKGROUND: Little is known about adult-onset atopic dermatitis (AD). OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations and clinical characteristics of adult-onset AD. METHODS: A prospective study of 356 adults with AD (age ≥18 years) was performed using standardized questionnaires and examination. AD severity was assessed using the Patient-Oriented Eczema Measure, Eczema Area and Severity Index, Scoring Atopic Dermatitis, body surface area, and numeric rating scale for itch and sleeplessness...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117754/generation-and-characterization-of-new-alleles-of-quiver-qvr-that-encodes-an-extracellular-modulator-of-the-shaker-potassium-channel
#9
Hongyu Ruan, Atsushi Ueda, Xiaomin Xing, Xuxuan Wan, Benjamin Strub, Spencer Mukai, Kaan Certel, David Green, Kyle Belozerov, Wei-Dong Yao, Wayne Johnson, Jim Jung-Ching Lin, Arthur J Hilliker, Chun-Fang Wu
Our earlier genetic screen uncovered a paraquat-sensitive leg-shaking mutant quiver(1) (qvr(1)), whose gene product interacts with the Shaker (Sh) K(+) channel. We also mapped the qvr locus to EY04063 and noticed altered day-night activity patterns in these mutants. Such circadian behavioral defects were independently reported by another group, who employed the qvr(1) allele we supplied them, and attributed the extreme restless phenotype of EY04063 to the qvr gene. However, their report adopted a new noncanonical gene name sleepless (sss) for qvr...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Neurogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061111/normative-prosthodontic-care-need-does-it-impact-the-daily-life-of-young-saudis-with-high-level-of-oral-diseases-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Fahad Al-Harbi, Maha El Tantawi
BACKGROUND: Assessing the need for prosthodontic care previously included older age groups. There is less information about younger populations who may need this care because of high disease levels. The aim of this study was to assess the normative need for prosthodontic care in a young Saudi population with high oral disease levels, the associated factors and its impact on daily life. METHODS: A cross sectional study included Saudi adults in the Eastern Province in 2016...
October 23, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059210/measures-of-cardiovascular-autonomic-activity-in-insomnia-disorder-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Marina-Marinela Nano, Pedro Fonseca, Rik Vullings, Ronald M Aarts
BACKGROUND: Insomnia disorder is a widespread sleep disorder with a prevalence of approximately 10%. Even though the link between insomnia and cardiovascular activity is not exactly clear, it is generally assumed that cardiovascular autonomic modifications could occur as a result of sleeplessness, or, alternatively, that autonomic alterations could be an expression of a hyper-arousal state. This review investigates whether cardiovascular measures are different between insomniacs and controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043298/professional-burnout-and-concurrent-health-complaints-in-neonatal-nursing
#12
Natalija Skorobogatova, Nida Žemaitienė, Kastytis Šmigelskas, Rasa Tamelienė
The aim of this study was to analyze nurses' professional burnout and health complaints and the relationship between the two components. METHODS: The anonymous survey included 94 neonatal intensive care nurses from two centers of perinatology. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) was used to evaluate professional burnout; it consisted of 3 components, Emotional Exhaustion, Depersonalization, and Personal Accomplishments, with 22 items in total. Health complaints were evaluated by 21 items, where nurses were asked to report the occurrence of symptoms within the last year...
2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040744/tobacco-exposure-and-sleep-disturbance-in-498-208-uk-biobank-participants
#13
D Boakye, C A Wyse, C A Morales-Celis, S M Biello, M E S Bailey, S Dare, J Ward, J M R Gill, J P Pell, D F Mackay
Background: The prevalence of sleep disturbance is high and increasing. The study investigated whether active, former and passive smoking were associated with sleep disturbance. Methods: This cross-sectional study used data from the UK Biobank: a cohort study of 502 655 participants, of whom 498 208 provided self-reported data on smoking and sleep characteristics. Multivariable multinomial and logistic regression models were used to examine the associations between smoking and sleep disturbance...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031741/further-evidences-for-sleep-instability-and-impaired-spindle-delta-dynamics-in-schizophrenia-a-whole-night-polysomnography-study-with-neuroloop-gain-and-sleep-cycle-analysis
#14
Arun Sasidharan, Sunil Kumar, Ajay Kumar Nair, Ammu Lukose, Vrinda Marigowda, John P John, Bindu M Kutty
OBJECTIVE: Sleep offers a unique window into the brain dysfunctions in schizophrenia. Many past sleep studies have reported abnormalities in both macro-sleep architecture (like increased awakenings) as well as micro-sleep-architecture (like spindle deficits) in patients with schizophrenia (PSZ). The present study attempts to replicate previous reports of macro- and micro-sleep-architectural abnormalities in schizophrenia. In addition, the study also examined sleep-stage changes and spindle-delta dynamics across sleep-cycles to provide further evidence in support of the dysfunctional thalamocortical mechanisms causing sleep instability and poor sleep maintenance associated with schizophrenia pathophysiology...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029214/sleepless-night-and-day-the-plight-of-progressive-supranuclear-palsy
#15
Christine M Walsh, Leslie Ruoff, Kathleen Walker, Alaisa Emery, Jonathan Varbel, Elissaios Karageorgiou, Phi N Luong, Irida Mance, Hilary W Heuer, Adam L Boxer, Lea T Grinberg, Joel H Kramer, Bruce L Miller, Thomas C Neylan
Objectives: To elucidate the unique sleep and waking characteristics in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), a neurodegenerative disease associated with motor deficits and dementia that largely affects the brainstem and thalamic regions. Methods: A total of 20 PSP and 16 healthy older adult controls participated in this study. The participants underwent an overnight polysomnography and multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) the following day. Prior to the MSLT last trial, they were asked to complete the Stanford Sleepiness Scale...
November 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966337/influences-of-low-frequency-and-other-noises-produced-by-wind-turbines-an-epidemiological-literature-review
#16
Tatsuhiko Kubo, Hideki Hasunuma, Yoshitaka Morimatsu, Yoshihisa Fujino, Kunio Hara, Tatsuya Ishitake
Objectives Due to its' environment-friendly and clean energy characteristics, wind power has been increasingly used globally, particularly in advanced countries. However, concerns about health hazards, especially due to low-frequency and other noises generated from wind turbines, have been reported repeatedly. In order to manage adverse health effects appropriately, regulatory standards or guidelines that consider the health of residents need to be developed. To provide a scientific basis for the development of such regulatory standards and guidelines, this paper conducted a literature review to analyze epidemiological studies involving residents living in the vicinity of wind farms...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960164/cognitive-expectancies-for-hypnotic-use-among-older-adult-veterans-with-chronic-insomnia
#17
Constance H Fung, Jennifer L Martin, Karen Josephson, Lavinia Fiorentino, Joseph M Dzierzewski, Stella Jouldjian, Yeonsu Song, Juan Carlos Rodriguez Tapia, Michael N Mitchell, Cathy A Alessi
OBJECTIVES: To examine relationships between cognitive expectancies about sleep and hypnotics and use of medications commonly used for insomnia (hypnotics). METHODS: We analyzed baseline data from older veterans who met diagnostic criteria for insomnia and were enrolled in a trial comparing CBTI delivered by a supervised, sleep educator to an attention control condition (N = 159; 97% male, mean age 72 years). We classified individuals as hypnotic users (N = 23) vs...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959202/a-58-year-old-male-with-cognitive-deteriorations-caused-by-septum-pellucidum-cyst-a-case-report
#18
Li-Ming Chen, Ming-Xin Zhu, Yu-Fen Zhang, Se-Hui Ma, Yao Yi, Lie-Xin Xia, Yan Wu, Lei Pei
Dementia is known to be induced by vascular dementia and certain neurodegenerative diseases. The presenting features of disordered memory, intellect and personality often result in referral to a neurologist initially. Septum pellucidum cyst (SPC) is a rare clinical finding and defined as a cystic structure between the lateral ventricles. SPC induced memory disorder and dementia has been seldom reported in which the clinical features are atypical and can be misdiagnosed. The main difficulty is to establish a correlation between symptoms and the cyst...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893459/placing-the-patient-at-the-centre-of-chronic-wound-care-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#19
REVIEW
Naomi Fearns, Stephen Heller-Murphy, Joanna Kelly, Jenny Harbour
BACKGROUND: Chronic wounds are a major health burden and have a severe impact on well-being. This synthesis of qualitative studies was undertaken to inform a health technology assessment of antimicrobial wound dressings. It aimed to explore patients' experiences of chronic wounds and determine improvements for clinical practice. METHOD: Inclusion criteria included use of qualitative methods, and English language publication. Databases searched included MEDLINE (Ovid), MEDLINE in Process (Ovid), EMBASE (Ovid), CINAHL (EBSCOHost), and PsychInfo (EBSCOHost)...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748168/potentiating-effects-of-perovskia-abrotanoides-karel-on-pentobarbital-induced-sleep
#20
Fatemeh Forouzanfar, Azar Hosseini, Mohammad Sadegh Amiri, Hassan Rakhshandeh
OBJECTIVE: Sleeplessness is the most common sleep disorder. In this study the hypnotic effect of the hydro-alcoholic extract (HAE) of Perovskia abrotanoides Karel. and its water fraction (WF), ethyl acetate fraction (EAF) and n-butanol fraction (NBF) were studied in mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The test compounds were administered intraperitoneally to mice 30 min before the administration of sodium pentobarbital (30 mg/kg.). Moreover, the influence of flumazenil on the hypnotic effect of the extracts was evaluated...
May 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
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