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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741289/grommets-ventilation-tubes-for-recurrent-acute-otitis-media-in-children
#1
REVIEW
Roderick P Venekamp, Paul Mick, Anne Gm Schilder, Desmond A Nunez
BACKGROUND: Acute otitis media (AOM) is one of the most common childhood illnesses. While many children experience sporadic AOM episodes, an important group suffer from recurrent AOM (rAOM), defined as three or more episodes in six months, or four or more in one year. In this subset of children AOM poses a true burden through frequent episodes of ear pain, general illness, sleepless nights and time lost from nursery or school. Grommets, also called ventilation or tympanostomy tubes, can be offered for rAOM...
May 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673140/euthanasia-of-cattle-practical-considerations-and-application
#2
REVIEW
Jan Keith Shearer
Acceptable methods for the euthanasia of cattle include overdose of an anesthetic, gunshot and captive bolt. The use of anesthetics for euthanasia is costly and complicates carcass disposal. These issues can be avoided by use of a physical method such as gunshot or captive bolt; however, each requires that certain conditions be met to assure an immediate loss of consciousness and death. For example, the caliber of firearm and type of bullet are important considerations when gunshot is used. When captive bolt is used, a penetrating captive bolt loaded with the appropriate powder charge and accompanied by a follow up (adjunctive) step to assure death are required...
April 17, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673069/short-term-memory-impairment-in-vestibular-patients-can-arise-independently-of-psychiatric-impairment-fatigue-and-sleeplessness
#3
Laura Smith, David Wilkinson, Mayur Bodani, Rowena Bicknell, S S Surenthiran
Vestibular dysfunction is associated with visual short-term memory impairment; however, it remains unclear if this impairment arises as a direct result of the vestibular dysfunction or is a consequence of comorbid changes in mood, affect, fatigue, and/or sleep. To this end, we assessed the concurrence and interdependence of these comorbidities in 101 individuals recruited from a tertiary balance clinic with a neuro-otological diagnosis. Over fifty per cent of the sample showed reduced visuospatial short-term memory, 60% and 37% exceeded cut-off on the Beck Anxiety and Depression Inventories, respectively, 70% exceeded cut-off on the Fatigue Severity Scale, 44% reported daytime sleepiness on the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and 78% scored above cut-off on the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553406/definition-causes-and-consequences-of-hamm-idiom-of-distress-in-arabic-in-the-palestinian-context-a-qualitative-study
#4
Abeer A Nasir, Razan Salah, Abla Sayyed Ahmad, Samah Abu Hijleh, Sa'eed Abu Kattab, Alia Al Kurd, Rawan Al Sharif, Raed Amro, Ahmad Khatib, Hana' Mousa, Walaa Shamasnah, Khammisa Shqerat, Rita Giacaman
BACKGROUND: Hamm is an Arabic word that is used to express suffering. Idioms of distress are communicated differently in different contexts and cultures. Understanding idioms of distress and symptoms can help in diagnosis and lead to socioculturally sensitive health care. METHODS: In this qualitative study, we did semi-structured interviews with men and women of all age groups. Questions focused on the definition, causes, and consequences of Hamm. Responses were analysed by reading and re-reading interview transcripts until themes and subthemes emerged...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546585/sleepless-from-the-get-go-sleep-problems-prior-to-initiating-cancer-treatment
#5
Eric S Zhou, Karen Clark, Christopher J Recklitis, Richard Obenchain, Matthew Loscalzo
PURPOSE: Cancer patients are likely to experience sleep problems. Understanding their perception of sleep problems is important as subjective symptom experience is associated with treatment-seeking behavior. We explored the prevalence of sleep problems and its correlates in a large sample of cancer patients at an important but understudied stage of their cancer journey: prior to initiating treatment. METHODS: Cancer patients (5702) (67.5% female; 76.9% White; 23...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520036/genome-wide-analysis-of-insomnia-disorder
#6
Murray B Stein, Michael J McCarthy, Chia-Yen Chen, Sonia Jain, Joel Gelernter, Feng He, Steven G Heeringa, Ronald C Kessler, Matthew K Nock, Stephan Ripke, Xiaoying Sun, Gary H Wynn, Jordan W Smoller, Robert J Ursano
Insomnia is a worldwide problem with substantial deleterious health effects. Twin studies have shown a heritable basis for various sleep-related traits, including insomnia, but robust genetic risk variants have just recently begun to be identified. We conducted genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of soldiers in the Army Study To Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (STARRS). GWAS were carried out separately for each ancestral group (EUR, AFR, LAT) using logistic regression for each of the STARRS component studies (including 3,237 cases and 14,414 controls), and then meta-analysis was conducted across studies and ancestral groups...
March 8, 2018: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514368/multiple-low-doses-of-intravenous-corticosteroids-to-improve-early-rehabilitation-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Donghai Li, Jinhai Zhao, Zhouyuan Yang, Pengde Kang, Bin Shen, Fuxing Pei
Low doses of corticosteroids have been proved to be effective in decreasing the inflammatory cytokines and relieving the pain. However, the optimal dosage of corticosteroids in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is undetermined. A total of 103 patients were randomly divided into three groups. Group A containing 32 patients received normal saline. Group B including 36 patients used two doses of 100 mg hydrocortisone, given 2 hours before and 8 hours after surgery. Group C involving 35 patients received four doses of 100 mg hydrocortisone, 8 hours apart...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511652/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-whole-body-electromyostimulation-in-applying-to-human-body-based-from-graded-exercise-test
#8
Yong-Seok Jee
Recently, whole body-electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) has upgraded its functions and capabilities and has overcome limitations and inconveniences from past systems. Although the efficacy and safety of EMS have been examined in some studies, specific guidelines for applying WB-EMS are lacking. To determine the efficacy and safety of applying it in healthy men to improve cardiopulmonary and psychophysiological variables when applying WB-EMS. Sixty-four participants were randomly grouped into control group (without electrical stimuli) or WB-EMS group after a 6-week baseline period...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509121/perchance-to-dream-pathology-pharmacology-and-politics-in-a-24-hour-economy
#9
Iain Brassington
The lack of sleep is a significant problem in the modern world. The structure of the economy means that 24 hour working is required from some of us, sometimes because we are expected to be able to respond to share-price fluctuations on the other side of the planet, sometimes because we are expected to serve kebabs to people leaving nightclubs, and sometimes because lives depend on it. The immediate effect is that we feel groggy; but there may be much more sinister long-term effects of persistent sleep deprivation and disruption, the evidence for which is significant, and worth taking seriously...
April 2018: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486370/pre-sleep-arousal-can-be-associated-with-efficient-processing-of-sleep-related-information
#10
Keisuke Takano, Louise Vanden Poel, Filip Raes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cognitive bias to sleep-related information is thought to be a core feature of sleep disturbances. The bias may enhance pre-sleep arousal, such as excessive worry about sleeplessness, which prevents people from initiating normal sleep onset. The present study focused on (a) attention bias toward sleep-related stimuli and (b) difficulty in updating working memory for sleep-related stimuli as two possible mechanisms underlying pre-sleep cognitive arousal. METHOD: Participants (n = 61, a community sample) completed a dot-probe task (with sleep-related and matched control word stimuli) and a 1-back and 2-back task (with sleep-related and non-sleep-related pictorial stimuli)...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463075/adverse-effects-of-doping-with-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-aas-in-competitive-athletics-recreational-sports-and-bodybuilding
#11
Elena Vorona, Eberhard Nieschlag
Despite the fact that sports organizations and legislators have introduced various mechanisms to discourage athletes from using performance and appearance enhancing substances a high percentage of athletes admits to their unabated application. In competitive athletics, bodybuilding and in recreational sports anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) continue to be the substances most abused. This review summarizes the side effects of AAS abuse on organs and system functions in both sexes. High doses of AAS cause a significant increase of erythrocytes und haemoglobin concentration, which may lead to thromboembolism, intracardiac thrombosis and stroke...
February 19, 2018: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350276/effect-of-swimming-exercise-on-premenstrual-syndrome
#12
Ahmed Mohamed Maged, Amr H Abbassy, Hend R S Sakr, Heba Elsawah, Heba Wagih, Asmaa I Ogila, Amal Kotb
OBJECTIVE: To study the effectiveness of performing swimming on the severity of symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized controlled trial that was conducted on 70 women diagnosed with PMS divided randomly into two equal groups: Group I included women who engaged into exercise and group II controls. Daily Symptoms Report was filled at the start and at end of the study. RESULTS: At the posttreatment evaluation, there was a highly significant difference between the study and control groups regarding anxiety (0 vs...
April 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318420/severity-of-symptoms-persists-for-decades-in-fibromyalgia-a-26-year-follow-up-study
#13
Risto Isomeri, Marja Mikkelsson, Markku Partinen, Markku J Kauppi
The aim of this study is to find out the outcome of 28 patients who got the diagnosis of primary fibromyalgia (pFM) 26 years ago. In 1986, 56 patients with widespread pain were examined and filled in a base questionnaire (BQ). Of them, 42 fulfilled the Yunus criteria for pFM. Twenty-six years later, addresses of 38 patients were found, and an extensive follow-up questionnaire (FupQ) was mailed to them. Of them, 28 (74%) answered the FupQ. This included nine identical questions with the BQ and questions concerning changes in their symptoms and quality of life (Qol)...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280848/could-melatonin-be-the-cure-for-sleepless-nights
#14
Bailey Heminger, Daniel J Sheridan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219941/testing-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-postpartum-sleep-quality-scale-in-turkish-women
#15
İlkay Boz, Nida Selvi
BACKGROUND: Postpartum sleeplessness has been observed to be an important health problem in Turkey. However, no scale is currently available to evaluate quality of sleep in Turkish postpartum women. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to test the validity and reliability of the Turkish Postpartum Sleep Quality Scale (T-PSQS). METHODS: The sample of this methodological study surveyed 100 women during their first 2 postpartum weeks. Data were obtained using a personal characteristics form and the PSQS...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185258/corticosteroids-for-chronic-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyradiculoneuropathy
#16
REVIEW
Richard Ac Hughes, Man Mohan Mehndiratta, Yusuf A Rajabally
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) is a progressive or relapsing and remitting paralysing illness, probably due to an autoimmune response, which should benefit from corticosteroid treatment. Non-randomised studies suggest that corticosteroids are beneficial. Two commonly used corticosteroids are prednisone and prednisolone. Both are usually given as oral tablets. Prednisone is converted into prednisolone in the liver so that the effect of the two drugs is usually the same...
November 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167039/psychological-and-psychiatric-symptoms-of-terminally-ill-patients-with-cancer-and-their-family-caregivers-in-the-home-care-setting-a-nation-wide-survey-from-the-perspective-of-bereaved-family-members-in-japan
#17
Makoto Kobayakawa, Asao Ogawa, Michiko Konno, Akiko Kurata, Jun Hamano, Tatsuya Morita, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Satoru Tsuneto, Yasuo Shima, Maho Aoyama, Mitsunori Miyashita
OBJECTIVE: The psychological and psychiatric symptoms of terminally ill cancer patients are highly problematic and have been associated with greater burden among caregivers. Until now, the extent of these problems in the home care setting was unclear. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted as part of a nationwide survey from the perspective of bereaved family members in Japan (J-HOPE3). The bereaved family members rated the symptoms of delirium and suicidal ideation of patients with cancer, and the sleeplessness and depressed mood of family caregivers utilizing home care services in the one month before the patients' deaths...
December 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166793/the-use-and-discontinuation-of-hormone-replacement-therapy-in-women-in-south-china
#18
K Chu, Y Song, N D Chatooah, Q Weng, Q Ying, L Ma, F Qu, J Zhou
OBJECTIVE: The use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) started later in China than in European countries. The purpose of the present study was to investigate HRT patterns and reasons for the initiation and discontinuation of HRT among women in South China. METHODS: A telephone survey about menopausal status, the use of HRT, reasons for HRT discontinuation and duration of HRT treatment was conducted in 2014. RESULTS: A total of 825 telephone surveys were carried out, and 217 previous HRT users and 390 current users were recruited for this study...
February 2018: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153443/subjective-sleep-disturbances-are-associated-with-intrinsic-motivation-toward-sleep-related-thinking
#19
Keisuke Takano, Filip Raes
Biased information processing has been highlighted as a possible vulnerability factor for sleep problems. A theory states that perceived sleeplessness triggers a strong approach motivation (or craving) for sleep, and then activates persistent preoccupation with sleep. However, there is no clear evidence that perceived sleeplessness is associated with such a motivation toward sleep-related information. Thus, we examined the untested idea that people with subjective sleep disturbances would prefer sleep-related topics, using a modified version of the pay-per-view task...
January 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133223/phenotypical-differences-of-childhood-and-adult-onset-atopic-dermatitis
#20
Jonathan I Silverberg, Paras P Vakharia, Rishi Chopra, Ryan Sacotte, Neha Patel, Supriya Immaneni, Takeisha White, Robert Kantor, Derek Y Hsu
BACKGROUND: Little is known about adult-onset atopic dermatitis (AD). OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations and clinical characteristics of adult-onset AD. METHODS: A prospective study of 356 adults with AD (age ≥18 years) was performed using standardized questionnaires and examination. AD severity was assessed using the Patient-Oriented Eczema Measure, Eczema Area and Severity Index, Scoring Atopic Dermatitis, body surface area, and numeric rating scale for itch and sleeplessness...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
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