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Kathryn Knight
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
Anna K Moffat, Gerry Redmond
OBJECTIVES: Young people's perspectives on the association between having a family member with a chronic health concern (FHC) and their own health are under-researched. This study used young people's reports to assess the prevalence of FHCs and their association with negative health outcomes, with an aim of identifying potential inequalities between marginalised and non-marginalised young people. Family cohesion was examined as a moderating factor. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the Australian Child Wellbeing Project survey were used...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Open
Lesley Jo Weaver
The existing literature on Indian ethnopsychology has long asserted that somatization is a key aspect of experiences of distress. The study of idioms of distress arose out of work done in India (Nichter in Cult Med Psychiatry 5(4):379-408, 1981), but ironically, little subsequent work has systematically explored idioms of distress in this part of the world. This ethnographic study focused on the term tension (tenśan) and its relation to a cultural syndrome among women in urban North India. This syndrome appears to involve rapid-onset anger, irritation, rumination, and sleeplessness as key symptoms...
January 3, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Janet M Y Cheung, Bandana Saini, Delwyn J Bartlett, Tracey-Lea Laba, Paul H Mason
The insomnia illness experience can be conceptualised as a form of biographical disruption. Using a critical interpretive phenomenological lens 51 in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with patients from specialist sleep and psychology clinics (n = 22) and the general community (n = 29). Patients' narratives revealed key phases of their illness trajectories as they recognise, rethink and respond to insomnia. Their biographical events served as reference points for both patient groups to make sense of their illness experiences as they transitioned from a perceived state of sleeplessness to clinical insomnia...
December 7, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
Barry Krakow, Victor A Ulibarri, Natalia D McIver, Michael R Nadorff
Objective: Evidence indicates that behavioral or drug therapy may not target underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms for chronic insomnia, possibly due to previously unrecognized high rates (30%-90%) of sleep apnea in chronic insomnia patients. Although treatment studies with positive airway pressure (PAP) demonstrate decreased severity of chronic sleep maintenance insomnia in patients with co-occurring sleep apnea, sleep-onset insomnia has not shown similar results. We hypothesized advanced PAP technology would be associated with decreased sleep-onset insomnia severity in a sample of predominantly psychiatric patients with comorbid sleep apnea...
September 29, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
Praneet S Iyer, Rishitha Yelisetti, Varun Miriyala, Waqas Siddiqui, Anand Kaji
Rhabdomyolysis is defined as a syndrome characterized by muscle necrosis and the release of intracellular muscle constituents into the circulation. We present a case of a 35-year-old male who exercised for 2 h after ingesting energy drink and subsequently presented with rhabdomyolysis. After excluding common and uncommon causes of rhabdomyolysis, we reached the conclusion that the likely cause was the ingestion of energy drink 'NEON VOLT' in a setting of mild dehydration. Increasing physical activity and intense exercise is becoming a trend in many countries, due to its many health-related benefits such as prevention of obesity...
2016: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Khuda Bakhsh, Naeem Ahmad, M Asif Kamran, Sarfraz Hassan, Qasir Abbas, Rashed Saeed, M Sadiq Hashmi
BACKGROUND: Farm workers and female cotton pickers are exposed to residual impacts of pesticide use in cotton production, in addition to dust, ultraviolet radiation, etc. Cotton picking causes various health hazards among cotton pickers with varied health cost. A soil bacterium known as Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) is incorporated in cotton seed through genetic modification and it has resistance against certain bollworms of cotton. So it is considered that Bt cotton fields have less pesticide exposure compared to non-Bt cotton fields...
2016: BMC Public Health
Mairead Eastin Moloney
The medicalisation of sleep is a rich and growing area of sociological interest. Previous research suggests that medicalisation is occurring within the context of physician office visits, but the inner workings remain unclear. This study is the first to provide perspectives on the office visit interaction from both sleepless patients (n = 27) and the physicians (n = 8) who treat them. Analyses of semi-structured qualitative interviews reveal that sleep-related conversations are typically patient-initiated in routine office visits...
September 4, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
Zeynep Taş Cengiz, Hasan Yılmaz, Mutalip Çiçek, Yunus Emre Beyhan, Ahmet Cumhur Dülger
The aim of this study was to present three cystoisosporiasis cases diagnosed in pediatric patients of the Yuzuncu Yil University Medical Faculty. In the study, stool samples of the patients were evaluated by native-Lugol and modified acid-fast staining methods in the Parasitology Laboratory. The first case was a 4-year-old male child diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). It was reported that the patient had abdominal pain, and permanent bloody and mucous diarrhea (8-10 times a day) was present for almost 1 week after the beginning of ALL treatment...
June 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Kaye K Gaines
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Urologic Nursing
Ozalp Ekinci, Meltem Çobanoğullari Direk, Nuran Ekinci, Cetin Okuyaz
Almost one-fifth of children who sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI) are under the risk of attention problems after injury. The efficacy and tolerability of methylphenidate (MPH) in children with a history of TBI have not been completely identified. In this case report, MPH-induced manic symptoms in an adolescent with TBI will be summarized. A male patient aged 17 years was admitted with the complaints of attention difficulties on schoolwork and forgetfullness which became evident after TBI. Long-acting MPH was administered with the dose of 18 mg/day for attention problems...
August 31, 2016: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Joydeep Majumder, Bhavani S Bagepally, Priyanka Shah, Sanjay Kotadiya, Suresh Yadav, Nibedita Naha
BACKGROUND: Workers exposed to heavy manual material handling (MMH) in a hot working environment succumb to severe physical stress and psychological stress. AIMS: (1) Recognize the heat load at workplaces of ceramic industry and iron industry, and (2) comparatively examine the characteristics of self-reported physiological responses and heat-health perception among these workers. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Cross-sectional prospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Workplace microclimate in the ceramic industry and iron industry was monitored...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Jia-Hou Poh, Pearlynne L H Chong, Michael W L Chee
Sleep deprivation can result in degradation of sustained attention through increased distraction by task-irrelevant exogenous stimuli. However, attentional failures in the sleep-deprived state could also be a result of task-unrelated thoughts (TUTs, or mind wandering). Here, well-rested and sleep-deprived participants performed a visual search task under high and low perceptual load conditions. Thought probes were administered at irregular intervals to gauge the frequency of TUTs and level of meta-awareness of mind wandering...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
Eduard J De Bruin, Francisca J A van Steensel, Anne Marie Meijer
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate cost-effectiveness of adolescent cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI) in group- and Internet-delivered formats, from a societal perspective with a time horizon of 1 y. METHODS: Costs and effects data up to 1-y follow-up were obtained from a randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing Internet CBTI to face-to-face group CBTI. The study was conducted at the laboratory of the Research Institute of Child Development and Education at the University of Amsterdam, and the academic youth mental health care center UvAMinds in Amsterdam...
August 1, 2016: Sleep
Aurélie Van Lancker, Dimitri Beeckman, Sofie Verhaeghe, Nele Van Den Noortgate, Ann Van Hecke
BACKGROUND: Accurate detection of symptoms is essential in palliative care. Identification of clustering of symptom is valuable to develop target interventions. This area is largely understudied in older palliative cancer patients. OBJECTIVES: To identify symptom clustering in older palliative cancer patients, and patient groups based on the clustering of symptoms, and to evaluate the difference in functional dependence and experiencing life as not meaningful between the identified patient groups...
September 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Alice Pearl Sedziafa, Eric Y Tenkorang, Adobea Y Owusu
Intimate partner violence has implications for women's health globally. Patrilineal women have been shown to have increased risk of experiencing intimate partner violence, yet, the health consequences of intimate partner violence in patrilineal women have not been thoroughly explored or documented. This study used qualitative in-depth interviews to explore the health effects of intimate partner violence among 15 ever-partnered Ghanaian patrilineal women. Participants attributed violence to several factors including gendered domestic relations, cultural and marital rites and alcohol use, among other factors...
June 9, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Sabine Sawatzky, Marianne Schario, Andrea Stroux, Lena Lünnemann, Torsten Zuberbier, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Natalie Garcia Bartels
BACKGROUND: Dry skin is a common skin condition in childhood. Few studies exist investigating the influence of daily skin care on dry skin in infants at risk of developing atopic dermatitis (AD). We aimed to assess the effect of skin care on dry skin in this special cohort using validated scores for AD and analysis of skin microtopography. METHODS: 43 children were randomized to group 1 (G1) and group 2 (G2) and 22 infants to group 3 (G3). During 16 weeks, G1 and G3 applied daily a plant-based emollient and G2 a petrolatum-based emollient...
2016: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
Juveria Zaheer, Wes Shera, A Ka Tat Tsang, Samuel Law, Wai Lun Alan Fung, Rahel Eynan, June Lam, Xiaoqian Zheng, Liu Pozi, Paul S Links
RATIONALE: Recent studies have highlighted higher rates of suicidal ideation and behaviour and associated themes of gender role stress in Chinese women residing in North America. However, qualitative studies, which privilege their voices in the discourse of suicide prevention and provide insight into their experiences, are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To gain an understanding of the life histories, patterns of distress and constructions of suicide of Chinese-Canadian women with a history of suicidal behaviour...
July 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Mark J Sarnak, Mark Unruh
Disorders of sleep have been associated with adverse outcomes in both the general population and in patients with chronic kidney disease. McMullan et al. add to this literature by demonstrating an association between short sleep duration and more rapid decline in glomerular filtration rate. We discuss the potential implications of these results but also offer some caution in over-interpretation of the data, given limitations in both the assessment of sleep as well as the kidney outcomes.
June 2016: Kidney International
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