Read by QxMD icon Read

New pharmaceutical product

Stefan Wanning, Richard Süverkrüp, Alf Lamprecht
In spray freeze-srying (SFD), a solution is sprayed into a refrigerant medium, frozen, and subsequently sublimation dried, which allows the production of flowable lyophilized powders. SFD allows commonly freeze-dried active pharmaceutical ingredients (e.g., proteins and peptides) to be delivered using new applications such as needle-free injection and nasal or pulmonary drug delivery. In this study, a droplet stream was injected into a vortex of cold gas in order to reduce the risk of droplet collisions and therefore droplet growth before congelation, which adversely affects the particle size distribution...
October 19, 2016: AAPS PharmSciTech
Seong-Choon Choe
There are several classes of anti-hypertensive agents in the world, the most recently developed agent is angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB). There are already 8 ARBs in the market, but still medical unmet need for treatment of hypertension is existed. The 'ideal' anti-hypertensive agent would have a number of characteristics: (1) effective in lowering blood pressure to recommend goals; (2) high efficacy as monotherapy; (3) rapid onset of effect; (4) convenient once-daily administration to maximize compliance; (5) sustained efficacy over 24 hours; (6) response increases with higher doses (clear dose-response effect); and (7) optimum tolerability profile...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Dennis G Hall, Taras Rybak, Tristan Verdelet
Multicomponent reactions (MCR), transformations employing three or more simple substrates in a single and highly atom-economical operation, are very attractive in both natural product synthesis and diversity-oriented synthesis of druglike molecules. Several popular multicomponent reactions were designed by combining two well-established individual reactions that utilize mutually compatible substrates. In this regard, it is not surprising that the merging of two reactions deemed as workhorses of stereoselective synthesis, the Diels-Alder cycloaddition and carbonyl allylboration, would produce a powerful and highly versatile tandem MCR process...
October 18, 2016: Accounts of Chemical Research
Elisabeth Richter, Silvia Berkner, Ina Ebert, Bernhard Förster, Nadin Graf, Monika Herrchen, Ute Kühnen, Jörg Römbke, Markus Simon
BACKGROUND: Residues of veterinary medicinal products (VMPs) enter the environment via application of manure onto agricultural areas where in particular antibiotics can cause phytotoxicity. Terrestrial plant tests according to OECD guideline 208 are part of the environmental risk assessment of VMPs. However, this standard approach might not be appropriate for VMPs which form non-extractable residues or transformation products in manure and manure-amended soil. Therefore, a new test design with a more realistic exposure scenario via manure application is needed...
2016: Environmental Sciences Europe
Jinru Zhang, Nicholas Liu, Ralph A Cacho, Zhou Gong, Zhu Liu, Wenming Qin, Chun Tang, Yi Tang, Jiahai Zhou
Nonribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPSs) in fungi biosynthesize important pharmaceutical compounds, including penicillin, cyclosporine and echinocandin. To understand the fungal strategy of forging the macrocyclic peptide linkage, we determined the crystal structures of the terminal condensation-like (CT) domain and the holo thiolation (T)-CT complex of Penicillium aethiopicum TqaA. The first, to our knowledge, structural depiction of the terminal module in a fungal NRPS provides a molecular blueprint for generating new macrocyclic peptide natural products...
October 17, 2016: Nature Chemical Biology
Fehmida Bibi, Muhammad Faheem, Esam I Azhar, Muhammad Yasir, Sana Akhter Alvi, Mohammad A Kamal, Ikram Ullah, Muhammad I Nasser
Sponges are rich source of bioactive natural products synthesized by the symbiotic bacteria belonging to different phyla. Due to a competition for space and nutrients the marine bacteria associated with sponges could produce more antibiotic substances. To explore the proactive potential of marine microbes extensive research has been done. These bioactive metabolites have some unique properties that are pharmaceutically important. To date, majority of these metabolites have been identified from marine invertebrates of which sponges predominate...
October 12, 2016: Current Drug Metabolism
Liz Jamieson, Ian C K Wong, Finella Craig, Nanna Christiansen, Karen Brombley, Catherine Tuleu, Emily Harrop
OBJECTIVES: This paper seeks to highlight from a UK perspective the current lack of a research evidence base in paediatric palliative care that has resulted in a paucity of available medicines with appropriate formulations (strength and dosage form) to provide symptom management for children with life-limiting illnesses and to raise awareness of this group of 'therapeutic orphans'. Currently, clinicians have limited, often unsuitable medication choices for their paediatric palliative care patients, with little hope of moving away from the status quo...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Kathrin I Mohr
For thousands of years people were delivered helplessly to various kinds of infections, which often reached epidemic proportions and have cost the lives of millions of people. This is precisely the age since mankind has been thinking of infectious diseases and the question of their causes. However, due to a lack of knowledge, the search for strategies to fight, heal, and prevent the spread of communicable diseases was unsuccessful for a long time. It was not until the discovery of the healing effects of (antibiotic producing) molds, the first microscopic observations of microorganisms in the seventeenth century, the refutation of the abiogenesis theory, and the dissolution of the question "What is the nature of infectious diseases?" that the first milestones within the history of antibiotics research were set...
October 15, 2016: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
Jennifer Herrmann, Tadeja Lukežič, Angela Kling, Sascha Baumann, Stephan Hüttel, Hrvoje Petković, Rolf Müller
Natural products continue to be a predominant source for new anti-infective agents. Research at the Helmholtz Institute for Pharmaceutical Research Saarland (HIPS) and the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI) is dedicated to the development of new lead structures against infectious diseases and, in particular, new antibiotics against hard-to-treat and multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens. In this chapter, we introduce some of the concepts currently being employed in the field of antibiotic discovery...
October 15, 2016: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
Daniel P Bondeson, Craig M Crews
Protein homeostasis networks are highly regulated systems responsible for maintaining the health and productivity of cells. Whereas therapeutics have been developed to disrupt protein homeostasis, more recently identified techniques have been used to repurpose homeostatic networks to effect degradation of disease-relevant proteins. Here, we review recent advances in the use of small molecules to degrade proteins in a selective manner. First, we highlight all-small-molecule techniques with direct clinical application...
October 12, 2016: Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology
Gilbert J Choi, Qilei Zhu, David C Miller, Carol J Gu, Robert R Knowles
Despite advances in hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) catalysis, there are currently no molecular HAT catalysts that are capable of homolysing the strong nitrogen-hydrogen (N-H) bonds of N-alkyl amides. The motivation to develop amide homolysis protocols stems from the utility of the resultant amidyl radicals, which are involved in various synthetically useful transformations, including olefin amination and directed carbon-hydrogen (C-H) bond functionalization. In the latter process-a subset of the classical Hofmann-Löffler-Freytag reaction-amidyl radicals remove hydrogen atoms from unactivated aliphatic C-H bonds...
October 12, 2016: Nature
Xiao Xiao, Minghao Feng, Xuefeng Jiang
A novel reagent, which introduces two sulfur atoms in one step, was designed and used for the construction of diverse disulfanes by copper-catalyzed oxidative cross-coupling under mild reaction conditions. By applying this stable and readily prepared reagent, late-stage modification of pharmaceuticals and natural products can be achieved straightforward. The scaled-up experiments further indicated the practicality of this protocol. The pH value of the system plays a key role in achieving highly selective cleavage of the C-S bond instead of a S-S bond in the transformation...
October 11, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Dick B S Brashier, Ashok Kumar Sharma, Neha Akhoon
Drug Abuse has become a major challenging problem for the society. It effects people of all countries economical strata's and all ages. According. Monetary loss all over the world regarding drug abuse is in million dollars, it not only has an impact on human productivity and healthcare cost but also on cost of crimes conducted by these drugs and alcohol abuse. Therapeutic vaccine has come as new approach to deal with this problem, after failures in search for a pharmaceutical agent to deal with drug of abuse and alcohol...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Renata Rivera-Madrid, Margarita Aguilar-Espinosa, Yair Cárdenas-Conejo, Luz E Garza-Caligaris
Bixa orellana (family Bixaceae) is a neotropical fast growing perennial tree of great agro-industrial value because its seeds have a high carotenoid content, mainly bixin. It has been used since pre-colonial times as a culinary colorant and spice, and for healing purposes. It is currently used as a natural pigment in the food, in pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries, and it is commercially known as annatto. Recently, several studies have addressed the biological and medical properties of this natural pigment, both as potential source of new drugs or because its ingestion as a condiment or diet supplement may protect against several diseases...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Lisa Murray, Antonio Arias, Jibin Li, Sid Bhoopathy, Ismael J Hidalgo
To improve the quality of pharmaceutical products in their markets, several Latin American countries have begun to require that new generic products demonstrate bioequivalence against innovator or reference products. However, given the number of products involved, it is not feasible to rely on clinical studies to comply with this requirement. Instead, it makes sense to adopt or develop strategies that are appropriate to the characteristics of the region. To streamline drug development and accelerate patients' access to quality drug products, 15 years ago the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) decided to grant exemptions from clinical bioequivalence studies (i...
August 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Wiebke Landwehr, Corinna Wolf, Joachim Wink
Bacteria have been by far the most promising resource for antibiotics in the past decades and will in all undoubtedly remain an important resource of innovative bioactive natural products in the future. Actinobacteria have been screened for many years, whereas the Myxobacteria have been underestimated in the past. Even though Actinobacteria belong to the Gram-positive and Myxobacteria to the Gram-negative bacteria both groups have a number of similar characters, as they both have huge genomes with in some cases more than 10kB and a high GC content and they both can differentiate and have often cell cycles including the formation of spores...
October 5, 2016: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
Marjan Dzeparoski, Suzana Trajkovic-Jolevska
Marketing strategy is correlated with the regulations for the corresponding product category. Accordingly, there is a big difference in the marketing strategy of food supplements and over-the-counter medicines. In this paper are presented 2 different marketing strategies of a new small pharmaceutical company in two studies. The findings of studies analysis can be used for developing marketing strategies in the wider sense and other products, for other small to medium sized companies in other countries of interest with similar regulations and help them understand how to position and promote themselves and their products...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Khadijeh Alishah, Sedigheh Asad, Khosro Khajeh, Neda Akbari
Uric acid, a side product of nucleotide metabolism, should be cleared from blood stream since its accumulation can cause cardiovascular diseases and gout. Uricase (urate oxidase) converts uric acid to 5-hydroxyisourate, but it is absent in human and other higher apes. Yet, the recombinant form of uricase, Rasburicase, is now commercially available to cure tumor lysis syndrome by lowering serum uric acid level. Developing new methods to efficiently purify pharmaceutical proteins like uricase has attracted researchers' attention...
November 2016: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
Ellis C O'Neill, Steven Kelly
The photosynthetic, autotrophic lifestyle of plants and algae position them as ideal platform organisms for sustainable production of biomolecules. However, their use in industrial biotechnology is limited in comparison to heterotrophic organisms, such as bacteria and yeast. This usage gap is in part due to the challenges in generating genetically modified plants and algae and in part due to the difficulty in the development of synthetic biology tools for manipulating gene expression in these systems. Plant and algal metabolism, pre-installed with multiple biosynthetic modules for precursor compounds, bypasses the requirement to install these pathways in conventional production organisms, and creates new opportunities for the industrial production of complex molecules...
October 4, 2016: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
Evan O Romero, Connor P Reidy, Andrea N Bootsma, Noah M PreFontaine, Nicholas W Vryhof, David C Wierenga, Carolyn E Anderson
N-Alkyl 2-pyridones and other enolizable heterocycles are important synthetic constructs, due to their prevalence in natural products and pharmaceutical targets and their capacity to serve as models for a number of biological and chemical processes. The disclosed Au(I)-catalyzed reaction utilizes 2-propargyloxypyridines to access N-alkylated 2-pyridone products derived from both 5-exo and 6-endo addition of the nitrogen to the pendent alkyne. Experimental and computational studies suggest that the desired 5-exo N-alkenyl 2-pyridonyl ethers are formed reversibly in the transformation...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"