keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Developmental programming

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045909/an-integrative-review-of-graduate-transition-programmes-developmental-considerations-for-nursing-management
#1
REVIEW
Shannon Bakon, Judy Craft, Lisa Wirihana, Martin Christensen, Jennie Barr, Lily Tsai
Graduate transition programmes have been developed to recruit new nursing staff and facilitate an effective transition from nursing student to Registered Nurse within the clinical environment. Therefore the aim of this paper was to explore the various elements included in nursing graduate transition programmes. An integrative review was undertaken incorporating a strict inclusion criterion, critical appraisal, and thematic analysis of 30 studies. There are numerous transition programmes available yet there remains a lack of transparency regarding their aims/objectives, course content, support timeframe and the type of support provided...
October 10, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045324/a-ball-skills-intervention-in-preschoolers-the-champ-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Leah E Robinson, Sanne L C Veldman, Kara K Palmer, Anthony D Okely
PURPOSE: Fundamental motor skills (FMS) contribute to positive health trajectories. A high level of competence in ball skills (a subset of FMS) is a predictor for time spent in moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity during adolescence. This study examined the effects of a ball skills intervention on ball skill competence among preschool-aged boys and girls. METHODS: This is a two-armed randomized controlled trial. A total of 124 preschoolers (Mage ± SD = 48...
November 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044119/the-wnt-target-sp5-negatively-regulates-wnt-transcriptional-programs-in-human-pluripotent-stem-cells
#3
Ian J Huggins, Tomas Bos, Olivia Gaylord, Christina Jessen, Brianna Lonquich, Angeline Puranen, Jenna Richter, Charlotte Rossdam, David Brafman, Terry Gaasterland, Karl Willert
The WNT/β-catenin signaling pathway is a prominent player in many developmental processes, including gastrulation, anterior-posterior axis specification, organ and tissue development, and homeostasis. Here, we use human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) to study the dynamics of the transcriptional response to exogenous activation of the WNT pathway. We describe a mechanism involving the WNT target gene SP5 that leads to termination of the transcriptional program initiated by WNT signaling. Integration of gene expression profiles of wild-type and SP5 mutant cells with genome-wide SP5 binding events reveals that SP5 acts to diminish expression of genes previously activated by the WNT pathway...
October 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042395/nuclear-receptor-profiling-in-prostatospheroids-and-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#4
Zhu Wang, Dinglan Wu, Chi-Fai Ng, Jeremy Yuen-Chun Teoh, Shan Yu, Yuliang Wang, Franky Leung Chan
Nuclear receptors (NRs), which belong to a superfamily of transcription factors and consist of a total of 48 members in humans, govern the expression of genes involved in a board range of developmental, reproductive, metabolic and immunological programs. Given the significant importance of androgen receptor and a few known NRs in the progression of prostate cancer, we surveyed the expression profiles of the entire NR superfamily in three-dimensional (3D) cultured prostatospheroids derived from different prostate cancer cell lines and a tumor xenograft model of castration-resistant prostate cancer VCaP-CRPC by quantitative real-time RT-PCR...
October 17, 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040680/variable-levels-of-resistance-of-soybean-genotypes-on-the-performance-of-euschistus-heros-hemiptera-pentatomidae
#5
Efrain S Souza, Vinícius F Canassa, José P F Bentivenha, Edson L L Baldin, Caroline G Pierozzi, André L Lourenção, Luiz E R Pannuti
The Neotropical brown stink bug Euschistus heros (Fabr.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) is one of the major soybean pests in South America. This species is responsible for high levels of infestation, causes critical damage to seeds, it is associated with leaf retention on plants, and it is extremely difficult to manage. Host plant resistance is a notable technique to assist in reducing the stink bug population in soybean crops. The antibiosis resistance of soybean genotypes to E. heros was evaluated in laboratory...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040673/assimilation-of-omics-strategies-to-study-the-cuticle-layer-and-suberin-lamellae-in-plants
#6
Hagai Cohen, Jedrzej Szymanski, Asaph Aharoni, Eva Dominguez
The assembly of the lipophilic cuticle layer and suberin lamellae, approximately 450 million years ago, was a major evolutionary development that enabled plants to colonize terrestrial habitats. The cuticle layer is composed of cutin polyester and embedded cuticular waxes, whereas the suberin lamellae consist of very long chain fatty acid derivatives, glycerol, and phenolics cross-linked with alkyl ferulate-embedded waxes. Due to their substantial biological roles in plant life, the mechanisms underlying the assembly of these structures have been extensively investigated...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039766/identification-and-characterization-of-tale-homeobox-genes-in-the-endangered-fern-vandenboschia-speciosa
#7
Mercedes Ruiz-Estévez, Mohammed Bakkali, Rubén Martín-Blázquez, Manuel A Garrido-Ramos
We report and discuss the results of a quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis of the expression patterns of seven three amino acid loop extension (TALE) homeobox genes (four KNOTTED-like homeobox (KNOX) and three BEL1-like homeobox (BELL) genes) identified after next generation sequencing (NGS) and assembly of the sporophyte and gametophyte transcriptomes of the endangered fern species Vandenboschia speciosa. Among the four KNOX genes, two belonged to the KNOX1 class and the other two belonged to the KNOX2 class...
October 17, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039163/-screening-for-amino-acid-metabolic-disorders-of-newborns-in-zhejiang-province-prevalence-outcome-and-follow-up
#8
Xinwen Huang, Yu Zhang, Fang Hong, Jing Zheng, Jianbin Yang, Fan Tong, Huaqing Mao, Xiaolei Huang, Xuelian Zhou, Rulai Yang, Zhengyan Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the result and follow-up data of screening for newborn amino acid metabolic disorders in Zhejiang province. METHODS: A total of 1 861 262 newborns were screened for amino acid metabolic disorders during January 2009 and December 2016 in Zhejiang province. The screening results and the follow-up data were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: One hundred and sixty four cases were diagnosed as amino acid metabolic disorders with a prevalence of 1:11 349, including 83 with hyperphenylalaninaemia (1:22 400), 29 with neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused by citrin deficiency (1:64 138), 16 with methionine S-adenosyltransferase deficiency (1:116 250), 9 with maple syrup urine disease (1:206 667), 8 with argininemia (1:232 500), 7 with citrullinemia type Ⅰ (1:265 700), 6 with hyperprolinemia type Ⅰ (1:310 000), and 2 with carbamylphosphate synthetase Ⅰ deficiency(1:930 000)...
May 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037253/asxl-gain-of-function-truncation-mutants-defective-and-dysregulated-forms-of-a-natural-ribosomal-frameshifting-product
#9
Adam M Dinan, John F Atkins, Andrew E Firth
BACKGROUND: Programmed ribosomal frameshifting (PRF) is a gene expression mechanism which enables the translation of two N-terminally coincident, C-terminally distinct protein products from a single mRNA. Many viruses utilize PRF to control or regulate gene expression, but very few phylogenetically conserved examples are known in vertebrate genes. Additional sex combs-like (ASXL) genes 1 and 2 encode important epigenetic and transcriptional regulatory proteins that control the expression of homeotic genes during key developmental stages...
October 16, 2017: Biology Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035632/a-multi-objective-optimization-model-and-orthogonal-design-based-hybrid-heuristic-algorithm-for-regional-urban-mining-management-problems
#10
Hao Wu, Zhong Wan
In this paper, a multi-objective mixed-integer piecewise nonlinear programming model (MOMIPNLP) is built to formulate the management problem of urban mining system, where the decision variables are associated with buy-back pricing, choices of sites, transportation planning and adjustment of production capacity. Different from the existing approaches, the social negative effect, generated from structural optimization of the recycling system, is minimized in our model, as well as the total recycling profit and utility from environmental improvement are jointly maximized...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034510/youth-program-adult-leader-s-directive-assistance-and-autonomy-support-and-development-of-adolescents-agency-capacity
#11
David M Hansen, E Whitney Moore, Nadia Jessop
Developing a capacity for exercising agency is an important developmental task of adolescence. Many organized youth programs provide adolescents opportunities to build their capacity to exercise agency. The researchers tested hypotheses that adult youth program leader's directive assistance and autonomy support would promote adolescents' capacity for agency. They surveyed 441 high school adolescents and 11 adult advisors from 10 Future Farmers of America chapters twice over 2 years. Adolescents self-reported on their capacity for agency and advisors reported on each adolescent's capacity...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034475/2d-4d-digit-ratio-is-not-a-biomarker-of-developmental-programming-in-baboons-papio-hamadryas-species
#12
Hillary F Huber, Cun Li, Peter W Nathanielsz
We hypothesized second-to-fourth hand digit ratio (2D:4D) is a biomarker of developmental programming in 3 baboon groups: intrauterine growth restriction (7 females, 8 males), exposure during fetal life to synthetic glucocorticoids (4 females, 5 males), and controls (66 females, 20 males). 2D:4D was similar between sexes and groups.
October 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033968/dancing-with-hormones-a-current-perspective-of-nitrate-signaling-and-regulation-in-arabidopsis
#13
REVIEW
Peizhu Guan
In nature and agriculture, nitrate availability is a main environmental cue for plant growth, development and stress responses. Nitrate signaling and regulation are hence at the center of communications between plant intrinsic programs and the environment. It is also well known that endogenous phytohormones play numerous critical roles in integrating extrinsic cues and intrinsic responses, regulating and refining almost all aspects of plant growth, development and stress responses. Therefore, interaction between nitrate and phytohormones, such as auxins, cytokinins, abscisic acid, gibberellins, and ethylene, is prevalent...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033363/convergent-transcriptional-programs-regulate-camp-levels-in-c-%C3%A2-elegans-gabaergic-motor-neurons
#14
Bin Yu, Xiaolin Wang, Shuai Wei, Tao Fu, Emmanuel Enoch Dzakah, Ahmed Waqas, Walter W Walthall, Ge Shan
Both transcriptional regulation and signaling pathways play crucial roles in neuronal differentiation and plasticity. Caenorhabditis elegans possesses 19 GABAergic motor neurons (MNs) called D MNs, which are divided into two subgroups: DD and VD. DD, but not VD, MNs reverse their cellular polarity in a developmental process called respecification. UNC-30 and UNC-55 are two critical transcription factors in D MNs. By using chromatin immunoprecipitation with CRISPR/Cas9 knockin of GFP fusion, we uncovered the global targets of UNC-30 and UNC-55...
October 11, 2017: Developmental Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031946/spermatozoa-dna-methylation-patterns-differ-due-to-peripubertal-age-in-bulls
#15
Simon Lambert, Patrick Blondin, Christian Vigneault, Rémi Labrecque, Isabelle Dufort, Marc-André Sirard
In the dairy industry, using semen as soon as the bull is mature enough to produce it is advantageous for breeding purposes. Mammalian spermatogenesis is a hormone-dependent developmental program in which a complex cascade of events must take place to ensure that germ cells reach the proper stage of development at the proper time. Conventional indicators of semen quality such as sperm cell motility and viability usually improve as bulls mature, meeting quality criteria satisfactorily at around 16 months. Using semen before that age may affect embryo viability, but other changes occurring during the peripubertal period should be considered...
October 6, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031471/gunslingers-poker-players-and-chickens-3-decision-making-under-mental-performance-pressure-in-junior-elite-athletes
#16
Beth L Parkin, Vincent Walsh
BACKGROUND: Having investigated the decision making of world class elite and subelite athletes (see Parkin and Walsh, 2017; Parkin et al., 2017), here the abilities of those at the earliest stage of entry to elite sport are examined. Junior elite athletes have undergone initial national selection and are younger than athletes examined previously (mean age 13 years). Decision making under mental pressure is explored in this sample. During performance an athlete encounters a wide array of mental pressures; these include the psychological impact of errors, negative feedback, and requirements for sustained attention in a dynamic environment (Anshel and Wells, 2000; Mellalieu et al...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031469/gunslingers-poker-players-and-chickens-2-decision-making-under-physical-performance-pressure-in-subelite-athletes
#17
Beth L Parkin, Vincent Walsh
BACKGROUND: Having investigated the influence of acute physical exhaustion on decision-making in world-class elite athletes in Parkin et al. (2017), here a similar method is applied to subelite athletes. These subelite athletes were enrolled on a Team GB talent development program and were undergoing training for possible Olympic competition in 4-8 years. They differ from elite athletes examined previously according to expertise and age. While considered elite (Swann et al., 2015), the subelite athletes had approximately 8 years fewer sporting experience and were yet to obtain sustained success on the international stage...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030792/a-universal-intervention-program-increases-ethnic-racial-identity-exploration-and-resolution-to-predict-adolescent-psychosocial-functioning-one-year-later
#18
Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Olga Kornienko, Sara Douglass Bayless, Kimberly A Updegraff
Ethnic-racial identity formation represents a key developmental task that is especially salient during adolescence and has been associated with many indices of positive adjustment. The Identity Project intervention, which targeted ethnic-racial identity exploration and resolution, was designed based on the theory that program-induced changes in ethnic-racial identity would lead to better psychosocial adjustment (e.g., global identity cohesion, self-esteem, mental health, academic achievement). Adolescents (N =215; Mage =15...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030490/early-sex-dependent-differences-in-response-to-environmental-stress
#19
Serafin Pérez-Cerezales, Priscila Ramos-Ibeas, Dimitrios Rizos, Pat Lonergan, Pablo Bermejo-Alvarez, Alfonso Gutierrez-Adan
Developmental plasticity enables the appearance of long-term effects in offspring caused by exposure to environmental stressors during embryonic and foetal life. These long-term effects can be traced to pre- and post-implantation development, and in both cases the effects are usually sex-specific. During preimplantation development, male and female embryos exhibit an extensive transcriptional dimorphism mainly driven by incomplete X-chromosome inactivation. These early developmental stages are crucial for the establishment of epigenetic marks that will be conserved throughout development, making it a particularly susceptible period for the appearance of long-term epigenetic-based phenotypes...
October 13, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030469/single-cell-gene-expression-analysis-reveals-regulators-of-distinct-cell-subpopulations-among-developing-human-neurons
#20
Jiaxu Wang, Piroon Jenjaroenpun, Akshay Bhinge, Vladimir Espinosa Angarica, Antonio Del Sol, Intawat Nookaew, Vladimir A Kuznetsov, Lawrence W Stanton
The stochastic dynamics and regulatory mechanisms that govern differentiation of individual human neural precursor cells (NPC) into mature neurons are currently not fully understood. Here, we used single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) of developing neurons to dissect/identify NPC subtypes and critical developmental stages of alternative lineage specifications. This study comprises an unsupervised, high-resolution strategy for identifying cell developmental bifurcations, tracking the stochastic transcript kinetics of the subpopulations, elucidating regulatory networks, and finding key regulators...
October 13, 2017: Genome Research
keyword
keyword
81045
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"