Read by QxMD icon Read

Exosomes liver

Nuray Erin, Nur Ogan, Azmi Yerlikaya
PURPOSE: Metastatic breast cancer is resistant to many conventional treatments and novel therapeutic targets are needed. We previously isolated subsets of 4T1 murine breast cancer cells which metastasized to liver (4TLM), brain (4TBM), and heart (4THM). Among these cells, 4TLM is the most aggressive one, demonstrating mesenchymal phenotype. Here we compared secreted proteins from 4TLM, 4TBM, and 4THM cells and compared with that of hardly metastatic 67NR cells to detect differentially secreted factors involved in organ-specific metastasis...
March 20, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Ibtehaj Naqvi, Ruwan Gunaratne, Jessica E McDade, Angelo Moreno, Rachel E Rempel, Douglas C Rouse, Silvia Gabriela Herrera, David S Pisetsky, Jaewoo Lee, Rebekah R White, Bruce A Sullenger
Nucleic acid binding polymers (NABPs) have been extensively used as vehicles for DNA and RNA delivery. More recently, we discovered that a subset of these NABPs can also serve as anti-inflammatory agents by capturing pro-inflammatory extracellular nucleic acids and associated protein complexes that promote activation of toll-like receptors (TLRs) in diseases such as lupus erythematosus. Nucleic-acid-mediated TLR signaling also facilitates tumor progression and metastasis in several cancers, including pancreatic cancer (PC)...
February 23, 2018: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
Xiao Fu, Mengjie Liu, Shengyang Qu, Jiequn Ma, Yamin Zhang, Tingting Shi, Hongqing Wen, Yujuan Yang, Shuhong Wang, Jing Wang, Kejun Nan, Yu Yao, Tao Tian
BACKGROUND: Multidrug resistance is the main obstacle for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treatment. miR-32-5p is involved in HCC progression but its function in multidrug resistance is still unclear. Here we aim to find out the function of miR-32-5p in inducing multidrug resistance and its underlying mechanisms of transforming sensitive cell to resistant cell. METHODS: We detected the expression of miR-32-5p and PTEN in the multidrug-resistant cell line (Bel/5-FU) and the sensitive cell line (Bel7402), HCC and para-carcinoma liver tissues through real-time PCR...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Zulong Xie, Xuedong Wang, Xinxin Liu, Huaan Du, Changbin Sun, Xin Shao, Jiangtian Tian, Xia Gu, Hailong Wang, Jinwei Tian, Bo Yu
BACKGROUND: Obesity is causally associated with atherosclerosis, and adipose tissue (AT)-derived exosomes may be implicated in the metabolic complications of obesity. However, the precise role of AT-exosomes in atherogenesis remains unclear. We herein aimed to assess the effect of AT-exosomes on macrophage foam cell formation and polarization and subsequent atherosclerosis development. METHODS AND RESULTS: Four types of exosomes isolated from the supernatants of ex vivo subcutaneous AT and visceral AT (VAT) explants that were derived from wild-type mice and high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice were effectively taken up by RAW264...
March 3, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Lin Luo, Ze-Ping Yu, Han Qin, Ze-Xin Zhu, Ming-Heng Liao, Hao-Tian Liao, Ke-Fei Yuan, Yong Zeng
Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to play vital roles in liver regeneration. Previous studies mainly focused on the functions of intracellular miRNAs, while the functions of circulating exosomal miRNAs in liver regeneration remain largely unknown. The aim of this study was to identify the key exosomal miRNA that played vital roles in liver regeneration. Methods: The Sprague-Dawley male rats were assigned to 70% partially hepatectomized group (n = 6) and sham surgery group (n = 6)...
February 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
Jie Zheng, Lingqi Yu, Wen Chen, Xiaoyan Lu, Xiaohui Fan
The toxicological mechanisms of liver injury caused by most traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) remain largely unknown. Due to the unique features, exosomal microRNAs (miRNAs) are currently attracting major interests to provide further insights into toxicological mechanisms. Thus, taking Fructus Meliae Toosendan as an example of hepatoxic TCM, this study aimed to elucidate its hepatotoxicity mechanisms through profiling miRNAs in circulating exosomes of Fructus Meliae Toosendan water extract (FMT)-exposed mice...
February 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Gaofeng Liang, Shu Kan, Yanliang Zhu, Shuying Feng, Wenpo Feng, Shegan Gao
Introduction: Exosomes are closed-membrane nanovesicles that are secreted by a variety of cells and exist in most body fluids. Recent studies have demonstrated the potential of exosomes as natural vehicles that target delivery of functional small RNA and chemotherapeutics to diseased cells. Methods: In this study, we introduce a new approach for the targeted delivery of exosomes loaded with functional miR-26a to scavenger receptor class B type 1-expressing liver cancer cells...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Xiaojiaoyang Li, Runping Liu, Zhiming Huang, Emily C Gurley, Xuan Wang, Juan Wang, Hongliang He, Hu Yang, Guanhua Lai, Luyong Zhang, Jasmohan S Bajaj, Melanie White, William M Pandak, Phillip B Hylemon, Huiping Zhou
Cholestatic liver injury is an important clinical problem with limited understanding of disease pathologies. Exosomes are small extracellular vesicles released by a variety of cells including cholangiocytes. Exosome-mediated cell-cell communication can modulate various cellular functions by transferring a variety of intracellular components to target cells. Our recent studies indicate that the long non-coding RNA H19 is mainly expressed in cholangiocytes and its aberrant expression is associated with significant down-regulation of small heterodimer partner (SHP) in hepatocytes and cholestatic liver injury in multidrug resistance 2 knockout (Mdr2-/- ) mice...
February 9, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Jun-Yi Wu, An-Lai Ji, Zhong-Xia Wang, Guang-Hui Qiang, Zhen Qu, Jun-Hua Wu, Chun-Ping Jiang
The liver has great regenerative capacity after functional mass loss caused by injury or disease. Many studies have shown that primary hepatocyte-derived exosomes, which can deliver biological information between cells, promote the regenerative process of the liver. However, the yield of exosomes is very limited. Recent studies have demonstrated that exosome-mimetic nanovesicles (NVs) can be prepared from cells with almost 100 times the production yield compared with exosomes. Thus, this study investigated the therapeutic capacity of exosome-mimetic NVs from primary hepatocytes in liver regeneration...
February 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
Apeksha Damania, Deepika Jaiman, Arun Kumar Teotia, Ashok Kumar
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are an attractive therapeutic agent in regenerative medicine. Recently, there has been a paradigm shift from differentiation of MSCs to their paracrine effects at the injury site. Several reports elucidate the role of trophic factors secreted by MSCs toward the repair of injured tissues. We hypothesize that fractionating the MSC secretome will enrich exosomes containing soluble bioactive molecules, improving its therapeutic potential for liver failure...
February 6, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Young-Eun Cho, Esteban Mezey, James P Hardwick, Norman Salem, Dahn L Clemens, Byoung-Joon Song
This study investigated the role of ethanol-inducible cytochrome P450-2E1 (CYP2E1) in enhancing CYP2E1 and other P450 proteins in extracellular vesicles (EVs) from alcohol-exposed rodents and human patients with alcoholism and their effects on oxidative hepatocyte injury. Female Fischer rats and wild-type or Cyp2e1-null mice were exposed to three oral doses of binge ethanol or dextrose control at 12-hour intervals. Plasma EV and hepatic proteins from alcohol-exposed rodents, patients with alcoholism, and their respective controls were isolated and characterized...
September 2017: Hepatology Communications
Sarah E Thacker, Manisha Nautiyal, Monicah A Otieno, Paul B Watkins, Merrie Mosedale
Recent evidence supports that alterations in hepatocyte-derived exosomes (HDE) may play a role in the pathogenesis of drug-induced liver injury (DILI). HDE-based biomarkers also hold promise to improve the sensitivity of existing in vitro assays for predicting DILI liability. Primary human hepatocytes (PHH) provide a physiologically relevant in vitro model to explore the mechanistic and biomarker potential of HDE in DILI. However, optimal methods to study exosomes in this culture system have not been defined...
January 27, 2018: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
Scott W Ferguson, Jinli Wang, Christine J Lee, Maixian Liu, Sriram Neelamegham, John M Canty, Juliane Nguyen
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-derived exosomes mediate tissue regeneration in a variety of diseases including ischemic heart injury, liver fibrosis, and cerebrovascular disease. Despite an increasing number of studies reporting the therapeutic effects of MSC exosomes, the underlying molecular mechanisms and their miRNA complement are poorly characterized. Here we microRNA (miRNA)-profiled MSC exosomes and conducted a network analysis to identify the dominant biological processes and pathways modulated by exosomal miRNAs...
January 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
Laura Santangelo, Veronica Bordoni, Claudia Montaldo, Eleonora Cimini, Alessandra Zingoni, Cecilia Battistelli, Gianpiero D'Offizi, Maria R Capobianchi, Angela Santoni, Marco Tripodi, Chiara Agrati
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is known to cause major alterations in the cross-talk between hepatic and immune cells thus contributing to the liver disease pathogenesis. Extracellular vesicles have been proved to act as major players in cell-cell communication, and their cargo changes in relation to pathophysiological states. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of chronic HCV infection and direct-acting antivirals (DAA) on exosome-delivered microRNAs and on their ability to modulate the innate immune response...
January 22, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Tian Fang, Hongwei Lv, Guishuai Lv, Ting Li, Changzheng Wang, Qin Han, Lexing Yu, Bo Su, Linna Guo, Shanna Huang, Dan Cao, Liang Tang, Shanhua Tang, Mengchao Wu, Wen Yang, Hongyang Wang
The communication between tumor-derived elements and stroma in the metastatic niche has a critical role in facilitating cancer metastasis. Yet, the mechanisms tumor cells use to control metastatic niche formation are not fully understood. Here we report that in the lung metastatic niche, high-metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells exhibit a greater capacity to convert normal fibroblasts to cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) than low-metastatic HCC cells. We show high-metastatic HCC cells secrete exosomal miR-1247-3p that directly targets B4GALT3, leading to activation of β1-integrin-NF-κB signaling in fibroblasts...
January 15, 2018: Nature Communications
Martin Whitham, Benjamin L Parker, Martin Friedrichsen, Janne R Hingst, Marit Hjorth, William E Hughes, Casey L Egan, Lena Cron, Kevin I Watt, Rhiannon P Kuchel, Navind Jayasooriah, Emma Estevez, Tim Petzold, Catherine M Suter, Paul Gregorevic, Bente Kiens, Erik A Richter, David E James, Jørgen F P Wojtaszewski, Mark A Febbraio
Exercise stimulates the release of molecules into the circulation, supporting the concept that inter-tissue signaling proteins are important mediators of adaptations to exercise. Recognizing that many circulating proteins are packaged in extracellular vesicles (EVs), we employed quantitative proteomic techniques to characterize the exercise-induced secretion of EV-contained proteins. Following a 1-hr bout of cycling exercise in healthy humans, we observed an increase in the circulation of over 300 proteins, with a notable enrichment of several classes of proteins that compose exosomes and small vesicles...
January 9, 2018: Cell Metabolism
Amine Meliani, Florence Boisgerault, Zachary Fitzpatrick, Solenne Marmier, Christian Leborgne, Fanny Collaud, Marcelo Simon Sola, Severine Charles, Giuseppe Ronzitti, Alban Vignaud, Laetitia van Wittenberghe, Beatrice Marolleau, Fabienne Jouen, Sisareuth Tan, Olivier Boyer, Olivier Christophe, Alain R Brisson, Casey A Maguire, Federico Mingozzi
Results from clinical trials of liver gene transfer for hemophilia demonstrate the potential of the adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector platform. However, to achieve therapeutic transgene expression, in some cases high vector doses are required, which are associated with a higher risk of triggering anti-capsid cytotoxic T-cell responses. Additionally, anti-AAV preexisting immunity can prevent liver transduction even at low neutralizing antibody (NAb) titers. Here, we describe the use of exosome-associated AAV (exo-AAV) vectors as a robust liver gene delivery system that allows the therapeutic vector dose to be decreased while protecting from preexisting humoral immunity to the capsid...
October 24, 2017: Blood Advances
Chun Zhang, Xi Yang, Quan Qi, Yuhai Gao, Qiang Wei, Shuwen Han
BACKGROUND: Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) is a contagious liver disease that results from infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV). The most serious consequence of CHC is HCV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). OBJECTIVE: To illustrate the clinical significance of lncRNA HEIH expression in serum and exosomes in the development of HCV-related HCC. METHODS: Thirty-five CHC, twenty-two HCV-induced cirrhosis and ten HCV-related HCC patients in Huzhou Central Hospital from January 2016 to September 2016 were recruited in the present study...
December 22, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
Rahul Bhome, Rebecca W Goh, Marc D Bullock, Nir Pillar, Stephen M Thirdborough, Massimiliano Mellone, Reza Mirnezami, Dieter Galea, Kirill Veselkov, Quan Gu, Timothy J Underwood, John N Primrose, Olivier De Wever, Noam Shomron, A Emre Sayan, Alex H Mirnezami
Colorectal cancer is a global disease with increasing incidence. Mortality is largely attributed to metastatic spread and therefore, a mechanistic dissection of the signals which influence tumor progression is needed. Cancer stroma plays a critical role in tumor proliferation, invasion and chemoresistance. Here, we sought to identify and characterize exosomal microRNAs as mediators of stromal-tumor signaling. In vitro, we demonstrated that fibroblast exosomes are transferred to colorectal cancer cells, with a resultant increase in cellular microRNA levels, impacting proliferation and chemoresistance...
December 28, 2017: Aging
Atsunori Tsuchiya, Yuichi Kojima, Shunzo Ikarashi, Satoshi Seino, Yusuke Watanabe, Yuzo Kawata, Shuji Terai
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapies have been used in clinical trials in various fields. These cells are easily expanded, show low immunogenicity, can be acquired from medical waste, and have multiple functions, suggesting their potential applications in a variety of diseases, including liver disease and inflammatory bowel disease. MSCs help prepare the microenvironment, in response to inflammatory cytokines, by producing immunoregulatory factors that modulate the progression of inflammation by affecting dendritic cells, B cells, T cells, and macrophages...
2017: Inflammation and Regeneration
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"