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Diabet mellitus in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628802/metabolic-control-and-periodontal-treatment-decreases-elevated-oxidative-stress-in-the-early-phases-of-type-1-diabetes-onset
#1
Cüneyt A Aral, Özlem Nalbantoğlu, Bilge G Nur, Mustafa Altunsoy, Kübra Aral
OBJECTIVE: Recently, increasing concern has been focused on the contribution of oxidative stress in the pathology of periodontal disease and diabetes mellitus. Firstly, the present study aimed to analyze gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), salivary, and serum oxidative status in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) at diagnosis and systemically healthy children with and without gingivitis. Additionally, the diabetic patients were reevaluated after diabetes and periodontal treatment...
June 12, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620620/ngal-as-an-early-predictive-marker-of-diabetic-nephropathy-in-children-and-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Nektaria Papadopoulou-Marketou, Alexandra Margeli, Ioannis Papassotiriou, George P Chrousos, Christina Kanaka-Gantenbein, Jeanette Wahlberg
AIMS: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is often associated with early microvascular complications. Previous studies demonstrated that increased systolic (SAP) and diastolic arterial blood pressures (DAP) are linked to microvascular morbidity in T1D. The aim of the study was to investigate the predictive role of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in unravelling early cardio-renal dysfunction in T1D. METHODS: Two T1D patient groups participating in two-centre prospective cohorts were studied...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618748/evaluation-of-polyneuropathy-and-associated-risk-factors-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Hande Türkyilmaz, Orkide Güzel, Selvinaz Edizer, Aycan Ünalp
BACKGROUND/AIM: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most common metabolic diseases seen in the world today. Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is a chronic complication of the disease that is rarely reported in children, since it has a relatively longer latency period. Our main objective in this study is to determine the incidence rate of DN in pediatric DM patients and assess the risk factors associated with DN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 111 patients from January 2011 to May 2014 were reviewed in a retrospective manner...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615030/the-autoimmune-burden-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#4
Elena Tronconi, Angela Miniaci, Andrea Pession
BACKGROUND: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis of unknown origin which can be considered an autoimmune disease (AD). The aim of this study is to analyse the presence of two or more autoimmune diseases (polyautoimmunity) in patients suffering from JIA and to evaluate the occurrence of ADs in their families. METHODS: Seventy-nine patients diagnosed with JIA aged 0-21 years, admitted to the Paediatric Rheumatology Unit, Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Bologna were screened for ADs...
June 14, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613353/retinal-ganglion-cell-loss-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-without-diabetic-retinopathy
#5
Omer Karti, Ozlem Nalbantoglu, Saygin Abali, Ziya Ayhan, Selma Tunc, Tuncay Kusbeci, Behzat Ozkan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Early diabetic retinal changes in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) without diabetic retinopathy (DR) were examined using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty children with T1DM without DR and 60 normal children were enrolled in the study. SD-OCT was used to measure the ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL) and retinal nerve fiber (RNFL) thicknesses in all participants. RESULTS: The GC-IPL thickness was significantly decreased in all quadrants except the superior-nasal quadrant in children with diabetes (P < ...
June 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606115/peripheral-neuropathy-in-a-diabetic-child-treated-with-linezolid-for-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Aravind Swaminathan, Philipp du Cros, James A Seddon, Shamsiya Mirgayosieva, Rajabov Asladdin, Zulfiya Dusmatova
BACKGROUND: Extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis (TB) and multidrug resistant (MDR)-TB with additional resistance to injectable agents or fluoroquinolones are challenging to treat due to lack of available, effective drugs. Linezolid is one of the few drugs that has shown promise in treating these conditions. Long-term linezolid use is associated with toxicities such as peripheral and optic neuropathies. Diabetes mellitus (DM), especially when uncontrolled, can also result in peripheral neuropathy...
June 12, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598798/level-of-internet-use-among-greek-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#7
Katerina Daniilidou, Panagiota Triantafyllou, Maria Resta, Meropi Dimitriadou, Athanasios Christoforidis
Background Compulsive Internet use has emerged as a contemporary addictive behavior. Our aim was to investigate the reasons for Greek adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and their families to use the Internet and additionally to investigate the level of Internet use and its associations to demographic, socio-economic parameters and glycemic control. Methods Patients with T1DM, aged >12 years and their parents were recruited during their regular visits to the Pediatric Diabetes Clinic. A similar group of healthy children, age- and sex-matched served as a control group...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592815/impact-of-genotype-on-endocrinal-complications-of-children-with-alpha-thalassemia-in-china
#8
Hong-Cheng Luo, Qi-Sheng Luo, Fu-Gao Huang, Chun-Fang Wang, Ye-Sheng Wei
Alpha-thalassemia occurs with high frenquency in China. Four common α-globin gene deletion mutations (-SEA, -α3.7, and -α4.2, Haemoglobin Constant Spring (CS) mutation) were identified in Chinese patients. Individuals with alpha-thalassemia syndrome are more often of children. However report on endocrinal complications in children with alpha thalassemia in China are still absent. The present study aimed to investigate the impact of genotype on endocrinal complications in Chinese children. Association analysis between genotype and endocrinal compliaction development was conducted on 200 patients with 200 healthy controls...
June 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592611/fructose-replacement-of-glucose-or-sucrose-in-food-or-beverages-lowers-postprandial-glucose-and-insulin-without-raising-triglycerides-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Rebecca A Evans, Michael Frese, Julio Romero, Judy H Cunningham, Kerry E Mills
Background: Conflicting evidence exists on the effects of fructose consumption in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. No systematic review has addressed the effect of isoenergetic fructose replacement of glucose or sucrose on peak postprandial glucose, insulin, and triglyceride concentrations.Objective: The objective of this study was to review the evidence for postprandial glycemic and insulinemic responses after isoenergetic replacement of either glucose or sucrose in foods or beverages with fructose...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592607/maternal-dietary-intakes-of-refined-grains-during-pregnancy-and-growth-through-the-first-7-y-of-life-among-children-born-to-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#10
Yeyi Zhu, Sjurdur F Olsen, Pauline Mendola, Thorhallur I Halldorsson, Edwina H Yeung, Charlotta Granström, Anne A Bjerregaard, Jing Wu, Shristi Rawal, Jorge E Chavarro, Frank B Hu, Cuilin Zhang
Background: Refined grains, a major source of dietary carbohydrates, have been related to impaired glucose homeostasis and obesity. Emerging animal data suggest that in utero exposure to dietary refined carbohydrates may predispose offspring to an obese phenotype, indicating a potential role for nutritional programming in the early origins of obesity, but intergenerational human data are lacking.Objective: We prospectively investigated refined-grain intake during pregnancy in association with offspring growth through age 7 y among high-risk children born to women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590451/environmental-factors-associated-with-type-1-diabetes-development-a-case-control-study-in-egypt
#11
Nabil J Awadalla, Amal A Hegazy, Manal Abd El-Salam, Marwa Elhady
Uncertainty still exists regarding the role of some environmental risk in the development of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) both globally and in Egypt. The objective here was to explore the potential environmental risk factors associated with the development of T1DM among children in Egypt. A case-controlled study of 204 T1DM children and an equal number of age and sex-matched controls was conducted in Assiut, Egypt. Data regarding the parental, gestational, neonatal, and childhood possible risk factors for T1DM were evaluated...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583704/thyroid-disease-and-type-1-diabetes-in-dutch-children-a-nationwide-study-young-dudes-3
#12
Engelina Spaans, Eelco Schroor, Klaas Groenier, Henk Bilo, Nanne Kleefstra, Paul Brand
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of overt thyroid disease in children in The Netherlands with and without type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). STUDY DESIGN: Nationwide, retrospective cohort study in The Netherlands. Using the national registry of both healthcare reimbursement and pharmaceutical care, data of all Dutch children (aged 0-14 years) with a diagnosis of T1DM, or a diagnosis of hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism in the period 2009-2011. RESULTS: The prevalence of thyroid disease was 0...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582980/prevalence-of-adolescent-obesity-at-a-high-school-in-the-city-of-tshwane
#13
Nomusa A Ngwenya, Tendani S Ramukumba
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been reported to be on the rise in the world and South Africa is no exception. In recent years obesity has been reported to contribute to the increasing number of people with hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Africa has the fastest growing number of overweight and obese adolescents, with indications that in 2010, it had more than doubled since 1990. Some people might perceive being overweight as being round and healthy which might contribute to the increased rate of obesity in South Africa...
May 23, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579842/short-and-long-term-health-consequences-of-sleep-disruption
#14
REVIEW
Goran Medic, Micheline Wille, Michiel Eh Hemels
Sleep plays a vital role in brain function and systemic physiology across many body systems. Problems with sleep are widely prevalent and include deficits in quantity and quality of sleep; sleep problems that impact the continuity of sleep are collectively referred to as sleep disruptions. Numerous factors contribute to sleep disruption, ranging from lifestyle and environmental factors to sleep disorders and other medical conditions. Sleep disruptions have substantial adverse short- and long-term health consequences...
2017: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579536/effects-of-dietary-fructose-restriction-on-liver-fat-de-novo-lipogenesis-and-insulin-kinetics-in-children-with-obesity
#15
Jean-Marc Schwarz, Susan M Noworolski, Ayca Erkin-Cakmak, Natalie J Korn, Michael J Wen, Viva W Tai, Grace M Jones, Sergiu P Palii, Moises Velasco-Alin, Karen Pan, Bruce W Patterson, Alejandro Gugliucci, Robert H Lustig, Kathleen Mulligan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Consumption of sugar is associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and cardiovascular disease. The conversion of fructose to fat in liver (de novo lipogenesis, DNL) may be a modifiable pathogenetic pathway. We determined the effect of 9 days of isocaloric fructose restriction on DNL, liver fat, visceral fat (VAT), subcutaneous fat, and insulin kinetics in obese Latino and African American children with habitual high sugar consumption (fructose intake more than 50 g/day)...
June 1, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575100/prevalence-of-microalbuminuria-and-its-associated-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-korean-youth-data-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#16
Heeyeon Cho, Jae Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND: Microalbuminuria is a known early predictive factor for renal and cardiovascular diseases, not only for patients with diabetes mellitus or hypertension but also in the general population. However, the prevalence and risk factors associated with microalbuminuria in Korean youth are unknown. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study are to evaluate the prevalence of microalbuminuria and the association between microalbuminuria and obesity or cardiometabolic risk factors in Korean children and adolescents without diabetes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574011/coexistence-of-celiac-disease-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-children
#17
Preeti Singh, Anju Seth, Praveen Kumar, Sushma Sajjan
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and celiac disease (CD) tend to co-exist due to similar underlying genetic predisposition. Failure to recognize CD in patients with T1DM predisposes them to complications. The present study was aimed to assess children with T1DM for the presence of CD. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of the records of children with T1DM attending paediatric endocrinology clinic at a tertiary care hospital in north India from January 2006 to May 2014...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553591/impact-of-self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose-log-reliability-on-long-term-glycemic-outcomes-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#18
Chitra Selvan, Anubhav Thukral, Deep Dutta, Sujoy Ghosh, Subhankar Chowdhury
INTRODUCTION: Logbooks of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) are useful in the modulation of insulin regimens, which aid in achieving glycemic control in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). However, discrepancies in SMBG charting may impede its utility. This study aimed to assess the accuracy of log entries and its impact on long-term glycemic control. METHODS: SMBG in logbooks was compared with readings in glucometer memory and discrepancies between the two were evaluated in 101 children with T1DM...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552077/type-1-diabetes-mellitus-and-associated-risk-factors-in-patients-with-or-without-chd-a-case-control-study
#19
Anna Björk, Ann-Marie Svensson, Mir Nabi Pirouzi Fard, Peter Eriksson, Mikael Dellborg
BACKGROUND: Approximately 1% of children are born with CHD, and 90-95% reach adulthood. Increased exposure to infections and stress-strain can contribute to an increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes mellitus. CHD may increase the risk of more serious infections, stress-strain, and increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: We analysed the onset of and the risk of mortality and morbidity associated with concurrent CHD in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus compared with patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus without CHD...
May 29, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544229/clinical-heterogeneity-of-type-1-diabetes-t1d-found-in-asia
#20
REVIEW
Yongsoo Park, Kupper A Wintergerst, Zhiguang Zhou
Diabetes mellitus among young patients in Asia is caused by a complex set of factors. Although T1D remains the most common form of diabetes in children, the recent unabated increase in obesity has resulted in the emergence of T2D as a new type of diabetes at adolescent and young adult age. In addition to the typical autoimmune type 1 diabetes (T1aD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients, there is a variable incidence of cases of non-autoimmune types of T1D associated with insulin deficiency (T1bD). Additional forms have been described, including fulminant T1D (FT1D)...
May 19, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
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