keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

discontinuing hormonal contraceptives

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723394/discontinuation-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception-versus-short-term-hormonal-methods-in-urban-ghana-a-pilot-longitudinal-study
#1
Sarah D Rominski, Abubakar Manu, Ernest Maya, Emmanuel S K Morhe, Vanessa K Dalton
Rates of contraceptive discontinuation are high worldwide,1 including in Ghana.2 Although long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods are widely available and safe for most women,3 few Ghanaian women use them.4 We aimed to prospectively assess whether discontinuation rates differed among women who adopted a LARC method versus those who adopted a short-term hormonal method. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694506/dietary-intake-and-eating-behavior-in-depot-medroxyprogesterone-acetate-users-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
P Silva, S Qadir, A Fernandes, L Bahamondes, J F Peipert
Because of weight gain, women often discontinue hormonal contraception, especially depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA). Our objective was to conduct a systematic review of studies describing dietary intake or eating behavior in DMPA users to understand whether the use of DMPA is associated with changes in dietary habits and behaviors leading to weight gain. We searched the PubMed, POPLINE, CENTRAL Cochrane, Web of Science, and EMBASE databases for reports published in English between 1980 and 2017 examining dietary intake or eating behavior in healthy women in reproductive age and adolescents using DMPA (150 mg/mL)...
2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496473/etonogestrel-implant-use-in-women-primarily-choosing-a-combined-oral-contraceptive-pill-a-proof-of-concept-trial
#3
Melissa J Chen, Jennifer K Hsia, Mitchell D Creinin
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated a novel concept of initiating the etonogestrel implant as a "back-up" method in women who desire using combined oral contraceptives (COC) but want to decrease their risk of unintended pregnancy with a more effective method. STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective cohort study, we planned to include 20 women as a proof-of-concept. We enrolled both new COC starters and continuing COC users and placed an etonogestrel implant. Participants completed daily bleeding diaries and attended follow-up visits at 1, 3, and 6 months...
February 26, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355224/rationale-and-design-of-a-multi-center-open-label-randomised-clinical-trial-comparing-hiv-incidence-and-contraceptive-benefits-in-women-using-three-commonly-used-contraceptive-methods-the-echo-study
#4
G Justus Hofmeyr, Charles S Morrison, Jared M Baeten, Tsungai Chipato, Deborah Donnell, Peter Gichangi, Nelly Mugo, Kavita Nanda, Helen Rees, Petrus Steyn, Douglas Taylor
BACKGROUND: In vitro, animal, biological and observational clinical studies suggest that some hormonal methods, particularly depot medroxyprogesterone acetate - DMPA, may increase women's risk of HIV acquisition. DMPA is the most common contraceptive used in many countries worst affected by the HIV epidemic. To provide robust evidence for contraceptive decision-making among women, clinicians and planners, we are conducting the Evidence for Contraceptive Options and HIV Outcomes (ECHO) study in four countries with high HIV incidence and DMPA use: Kenya, South Africa, Swaziland, and Zambia (Clinical Trials...
December 29, 2017: Gates open research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323577/ongoing-or-previous-mental-disorders-predispose-to-adverse-mood-reporting-during-combined-oral-contraceptive-use
#5
Hanna Bengtsdotter, Cecilia Lundin, Kristina Gemzell Danielsson, Marie Bixo, Juliane Baumgart, Lena Marions, Jan Brynhildsen, Agota Malmborg, Ingela Lindh, Inger Sundström Poromaa
PURPOSE: Previous studies have emphasised that women with pre-existing mood disorders are more inclined to discontinue hormonal contraceptive use. However, few studies have examined the effects of combined oral contraceptives (COC) on mood in women with previous or ongoing mental disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a supplementary analysis of an investigator-initiated, double-blinded, randomised clinical trial during which 202 women were treated with either a COC (1...
February 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283683/period-prevalence-and-perceived-side-effects-of-hormonal-contraceptive-use-and-the-menstrual-cycle-in-elite-athletes
#6
Daniel Martin, Craig Sale, Simon B Cooper, Kirsty J Elliott-Sale
PURPOSE: To identify the period prevalence of hormonal contraceptive (HC) use and characterise the perceived side effects associated with the menstrual cycle and HC use. METHODS: 430 elite female athletes completed a questionnaire to assess; the period prevalence of HC use, the reasons for initiation and discontinuation of HCs and the side effects experienced by HC and non-HC users. Descriptive statistics, between-group comparisons and associations between categorical variables were calculated...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211679/contemporary-hormonal-contraception-and-the-risk-of-breast-cancer
#7
Lina S Mørch, Charlotte W Skovlund, Philip C Hannaford, Lisa Iversen, Shona Fielding, Øjvind Lidegaard
BACKGROUND: Little is known about whether contemporary hormonal contraception is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. METHODS: We assessed associations between the use of hormonal contraception and the risk of invasive breast cancer in a nationwide prospective cohort study involving all women in Denmark between 15 and 49 years of age who had not had cancer or venous thromboembolism and who had not received treatment for infertility. Nationwide registries provided individually updated information about the use of hormonal contraception, breast-cancer diagnoses, and potential confounders...
December 7, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201429/side-effects-and-the-need-for-secrecy-characterising-discontinuation-of-modern-contraception-and-its-causes-in-ethiopia-using-mixed-methods
#8
Alexandra Alvergne, Rose Stevens, Eshetu Gurmu
Background: Contraceptive discontinuation is a major barrier to reducing global unmet needs for family planning, but the reasons why women discontinue contraception are poorly understood. Here we use data from Ethiopia to investigate (i) the magnitude of contraceptive discontinuation in 2005-2011, (ii) how the risk of discontinuation varies with method type and education level and (iii) the barriers to continuation. Our main hypothesis is that contraceptive discontinuation is driven by the experience of physiological side-effects associated with the use of hormonal contraception, rather than a lack of formal education...
2017: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148890/changes-in-the-use-of-long-acting-reversible-contraceptive-methods-among-u-s-nulliparous-women-results-from-the-2006-2010-2011-2013-and-2013-2015-national-survey-of-family-growth
#9
Timothy O Ihongbe, Saba W Masho
OBJECTIVE: Nulliparous women in the United States have high rates of unintended pregnancy comparable with parous women. Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) are recommended as first-line contraceptive choices to reduce unintended pregnancy. However, use of LARCs among nulliparous women has been low. This study aims to examine changes in the prevalence of current LARC use among sexually experienced U.S. nulliparous women across the time period of 2006-2010, 2011-2013, and 2013-2015, and examine correlates of use...
March 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038072/amenorrhea-rates-and-predictors-during-1-year-of-levonorgestrel-52-mg-intrauterine-system-use
#10
Philip D Darney, Gretchen S Stuart, Michael A Thomas, Carrie Cwiak, Andrea Olariu, Mitchell D Creinin
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate amenorrhea patterns and predictors of amenorrhea during the first year after levonorgestrel 52 mg intrauterine system (IUS) placement. STUDY DESIGN: This cohort analysis includes 1714 nulliparous and parous women who received a Liletta® levonorgestrel 52 mg IUS in a multicenter trial to evaluate efficacy and safety for up to 8 years. Participants maintained a daily diary with bleeding information. We assessed bleeding patterns in 90-day intervals; amenorrhea was defined as no bleeding or spotting in the preceding 90 days...
March 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931356/menopause-a-complex-and-controversial-journey
#11
Salam Chalouhi
Menopause is defined as permanent cessation of menstrual periods, determined retrospectively after a woman has experienced 12 months of amenorrhea without any other obvious cause. Over the years, the discourse surrounding the Climacteric was mainly elicited as a "disease of the castrates", as opposed to the feminist views. There has been a large feminist contribution to both the debate of contraception and menopause in the last few years. Over the years, menopause has been treated in a uniform fashion, as a disease, excluding the different circumstances and lived experiences that patients go through during this sensitive period...
September 2017: Post Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686517/osteoporosis-management
#12
REVIEW
Pelin Batur, Sheila Rice, Paola Barrios, Andrea Sikon
The clinical update serves as a brief review of recently published, high-impact, and potentially practice changing journal articles summarized for our readers. Topics include menopause, sexual dysfunction, breast health, contraception, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular disease. In this clinical update, we selected recent publications relevant to osteoporosis management. We highlight articles on the safety of long-term use of denosumab and bisphosphonates, fracture risk after discontinuing menopausal hormone therapy, calcium intake and cardiovascular risk, as well as the value of repeat dual X-ray absorptiometry scanning to monitor those on osteoporosis treatment...
August 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662700/risk-of-unsafe-abortion-associated-with-long-term-contraception-behaviour-a-case-control-study-from-sri-lanka
#13
Carukshi Arambepola, Lalini C Rajapaksa
BACKGROUND: When faced with an unintended pregnancy, some women choose to undergo an unsafe abortion, while others do not. This choice may depend on long-term contraception that shapes the fertility goals of women, along with many other risk factors. We assessed the risk for unsafe abortion associated with contraceptive practices based on women's long-term behaviour, and its likely modification by the use of different types of contraceptives among women in Sri Lanka. METHODS: An unmatched case-control study was conducted in nine hospitals among 171 women admitted for care following an unsafe abortion (Cases) and 600 women admitted to same hospitals for delivery of an unintended term pregnancy (Controls)...
June 29, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376343/oral-contraception-and-menstrual-bleeding-during-treatment-of-venous-thromboembolism-expert-opinion-versus-current-practice-combined-results-of-a-systematic-review-expert-panel-opinion-and-an-international-survey
#14
REVIEW
F A Klok, K Schreiber, K Stach, W Ageno, S Middeldorp, S Eichinger, A Delluc, M Blondon, C Ay
INTRODUCTION: The optimal management of oral contraception and menstrual bleeding during treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is largely unknown. We aimed to elicit expert opinion and compare that to current practice as assessed by a world-wide international web-based survey among physicians. METHODS: 10 international thrombosis experts and 10 abnormal uterine bleeding experts independently completed a questionnaire containing three hypothetical patient cases each with four different scenarios, and additional queries covering different severities of VTE, patient circumstances, hormonal contraceptives and both thrombotic and bleeding complications...
May 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369748/reasons-for-discontinuation-of-reversible-contraceptive-methods-by-women-with-epilepsy
#15
Hannah B Mandle, Kaitlyn E Cahill, Kristen M Fowler, W Allen Hauser, Anne R Davis, Andrew G Herzog
OBJECTIVE: To report the reasons for discontinuation of contraceptive methods by women with epilepsy (WWE). METHODS: These retrospective data come from a web-based survey regarding the contraceptive practices of 1,144 WWE in the community, ages 18-47 years. We determined the frequencies of contraceptive discontinuations and the reasons for discontinuation. We compared risk ratios for rates of discontinuation among contraceptive methods and categories. We used chi-square analysis to test the independence of discontinuation reasons among the various contraceptive methods and categories and when stratified by antiepileptic drug (AED) categories...
May 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284221/uptake-of-hormonal-contraceptives-and-correlates-of-uptake-in-a-phase-iii-clinical-trial-in-rural-south-western-uganda
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Andrew Abaasa, Mitzy Gafos, Zacchaeus Anywaine, Andrew Nunn, Angela Crook, Jonathan Levin, Sheena McCormack, Anatoli Kamali
BACKGROUND: Use of a reliable contraception method has become an inclusion criterion in prevention trials to minimize time off product. We report on hormonal contraceptive prevalence, uptake, sustained use and correlates of use in the Microbicides Development Programme (MDP 301) trial at the Masaka Centre in Uganda. METHODS: HIV negative women in sero-discordant relationships were enrolled and followed-up for 52 to 104 weeks from 2005 to 2009. Contraceptive use data was collected through self-report at baseline and dispensing records during follow-up...
March 11, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277799/missed-pills-frequency-reasons-consequences-and-solutions
#17
REVIEW
Nathalie Chabbert-Buffet, Christian Jamin, Iñaki Lete, Paloma Lobo, Rossella E Nappi, Axelle Pintiaux, Günther Häusler, Christian Fiala
OBJECTIVES: Oral hormonal contraception is an effective contraceptive method as long as regular daily intake is maintained. However, a daily routine is a constraint for many women and can lead to missed pills, pill discontinuation and/or unintended pregnancy. This article describes the frequency of inconsistent use, the consequences, the risk factors and the possible solutions. METHODS: The article comprises a narrative review of the literature. RESULTS: Forgetting one to three pills per cycle is a frequent problem among 15-51% of users, generally adolescents...
June 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256913/family-planning-and-zika-virus-need-for-renewed-and-cohesive-efforts-to-ensure-availability-of-intrauterine-contraception-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#18
Moazzam Ali, Kelsey Miller, Rodolfo Federico Gómez Ponce de Leon
OBJECTIVES: The advantages of intrauterine contraception (IUC) are well established (highly effective, low discontinuation rate, easy to use, low cost, and suitable for immediate postpartum use), but low levels of use in many countries and declining use in others are causes for concern. Due to the ongoing Zika virus outbreak, public health officials are calling for the continued practice of safe sex and the delay of pregnancy. Our study was conducted to assess the current situation of IUC availability and provision in Latin America and to determine the role of national policies in meeting the contraceptive needs of the populations in these countries...
April 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163088/risk-of-luteal-phase-pregnancy-with-any-cycle-day-initiation-of-subdermal-contraceptive-implants
#19
Molly Richards, Stephanie B Teal, Jeanelle Sheeder
OBJECTIVES: To determine rates of luteal phase pregnancy (LPP) in young women initiating subdermal implants on any day of the menstrual cycle. STUDY DESIGN: We assessed a retrospective cohort of young women receiving contraceptive implants at an adolescent Title-X clinic. Patients with negative pregnancy tests were eligible for same-day insertion, regardless of cycle day, contraceptive use, or last intercourse. We computed LPP rates for those within manufacturer guidelines for insertion (≤5 days of menstrual onset or ≤7 days post-discontinuing hormonal contraception) and outside these guidelines...
April 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137855/amh-mis-as-a-contraceptive-that-protects-the-ovarian-reserve-during-chemotherapy
#20
Motohiro Kano, Amanda E Sosulski, LiHua Zhang, Hatice D Saatcioglu, Dan Wang, Nicholas Nagykery, Mary E Sabatini, Guangping Gao, Patricia K Donahoe, David Pépin
The ovarian reserve represents the stock of quiescent primordial follicles in the ovary which is gradually depleted during a woman's reproductive lifespan, resulting in menopause. Müllerian inhibiting substance (MIS) (or anti-Müllerian hormone/AMH), which is produced by granulosa cells of growing follicles, has been proposed as a negative regulator of primordial follicle activation. Here we show that long-term parenteral administration of superphysiological doses of MIS, using either an adeno-associated virus serotype 9 (AAV9) gene therapy vector or recombinant protein, resulted in a complete arrest of folliculogenesis in mice...
February 28, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
keyword
keyword
81034
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"