Read by QxMD icon Read

American heart association guidelines

Matthew E Levy, Alan E Greenberg, Manya Magnus, Naji Younes, Amanda Castel
Statin coverage has been examined among HIV-infected patients using Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) and American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines, although not with newer National Lipid Association (NLA) guidelines. We investigated statin eligibility, prescribing practices, and therapeutic responses using these three guidelines. Sociodemographic, clinical, and laboratory data were collected between 2011 and 2016 for HIV-infected outpatients enrolled in the DC Cohort, a multi-center, prospective, observational study in Washington, DC...
February 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
Steve A Aguilar, Nicholas Asakawa, Cameron Saffer, Christine Williams, Steven Chuh, Lewei Duan
Introduction: A benefit of in-hospital cardiac arrest is the opportunity for rapid initiation of "high-quality" chest compressions as defined by current American Heart Association (AHA) adult guidelines as a depth 2-2.4 inches, full chest recoil, rate 100-120 per minute, and minimal interruptions with a chest compression fraction (CCF) ≥ 60%. The goal of this study was to assess the effect of audiovisual feedback on the ability to maintain high-quality chest compressions as per 2015 updated guidelines...
March 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Justin O Szot, Hartmut Cuny, Gillian M Blue, David T Humphreys, Eddie Ip, Katrina Harrison, Gary F Sholler, Eleni Giannoulatou, Paul Leo, Emma L Duncan, Duncan B Sparrow, Joshua W K Ho, Robert M Graham, Nicholas Pachter, Gavin Chapman, David S Winlaw, Sally L Dunwoodie
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart disease (CHD)-structural abnormalities of the heart that arise during embryonic development-is the most common inborn malformation, affecting ≤1% of the population. However, currently, only a minority of cases can be explained by genetic abnormalities. The goal of this study was to identify disease-causal genetic variants in 30 families affected by CHD. METHODS: Whole-exome sequencing was performed with the DNA of multiple family members...
March 2018: Circ Genom Precis Med
Mohammed N Alkhatib, Tamer Abd-Alghafoor, AlaaEldeen Elmassry, Loai Albarqouni, Bettina Böttcher, Maha Alfaqawi
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The aim of this study was to assess the standard of care for patients with acute ischaemic stroke at the internal medicine department of Nasser Hospital, Gaza Strip. METHODS: For this retrospective clinical audit, we selected a random sample of 100 medical records for patients with stroke who were admitted to Nasser Hospital between January and August, 2016. Clinical practice was compared with the recommendations in the 2013 American Heart Association and American Stroke Association guidelines...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Mehmet Özkan, Sabahattin Gündüz, Macit Kalçık, Mustafa Ozan Gürsoy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
David J Tester, Leonie C H Wong, Pritha Chanana, Amie Jaye, Jared M Evans, David R FitzPatrick, Margaret J Evans, Peter Fleming, Iona Jeffrey, Marta C Cohen, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen, Michael A Simpson, Elijah R Behr, Michael J Ackerman
BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a leading cause of postneonatal mortality. Genetic heart diseases (GHDs) underlie some cases of SIDS. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the spectrum and prevalence of GHD-associated mutations as a potential monogenic basis for SIDS. METHODS: A cohort of 419 unrelated SIDS cases (257 male; average age 2.7 ± 1.9 months) underwent whole exome sequencing and a targeted analysis of 90 GHD-susceptibility genes...
March 20, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Jaime Fernández-Sarmiento, Joseph A Carcillo, Claudia M Salinas, Edgar F Galvis, Paula A López, Andrés Jagua-Gualdrón
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate adherence to the sepsis bundle before and after an educational strategy and its impact on hospital stay. DESIGN: A prospective, analytic, before-and-after study of children with severe sepsis and septic shock who presented to the emergency department. SETTING: Carried out from January to December 2014 in the emergency department of a quaternary care hospital. PATIENTS: Of a total of 19,836 children who presented to the emergency department, 4,383 had an infectious pathology, with 203 of these showing severe sepsis and septic shock (124 pre intervention, and 79 post intervention)...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Takuya Oikawa, Yasuhiko Sakata, Kotaro Nochioka, Masanobu Miura, Kanako Tsuji, Takeo Onose, Ruri Abe, Shintaro Kasahara, Masayuki Sato, Takashi Shiroto, Jun Takahashi, Satoshi Miyata, Hiroaki Shimokawa
BACKGROUND: The beneficial prognostic impact of statins has been established in patients with ischemic heart disease but not in those with heart failure (HF). In addition, it is still unclear whether patients benefit from statins regardless of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined 2444 consecutive stage C or D HF patients with ischemic heart disease registered in CHART-2 (Chronic Heart Failure Registry and Analysis in the Tohoku District 2), a multicenter, prospective, observational cohort study in Japan...
March 14, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Ping Hu, Fengchang Qiao, Yan Wang, Lulu Meng, Xiuqing Ji, Chunyu Luo, Tianhui Xu, Ran Zhou, Jingjing Zhang, Bin Yu, Leilei Wang, Ting Wang, Qiong Pan, Dingyuan Ma, Dong Liang, Zhengfeng Xu
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the diagnostic yield of targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) in prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart defects (CHDs) and for investigating the possible genetic etiology of prenatal CHD cases. METHODS: Forty-four fetuses with CHDs and normal molecular karyotypes underwent targeted NGS in this study. Fetal genomic DNA was directly extracted from amniotic fluid cells in each prenatal case. A customized targeted NGS panel containing 77 CHD-associated genes was designed to detect variants in the coding regions and the splicing sites of these genes...
March 13, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Wilbert S Aronow, William H Frishman
The 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association hypertension guidelines diagnose hypertension if systolic blood pressure (SBP) is ≥ 130 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) is ≥ 80 mmHg. Increased BP is SBP 120-129 mmHg with DBP < 80 mmHg. Lifestyle measures should be used to treat individuals with increased BP. Lifestyle measures plus BP-lowering drugs should be used for secondary prevention of recurrent cardiovascular events in individuals with clinical cardiovascular disease (coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, or stroke) and an average SBP ≥ 130 mmHg or an average DBP ≥ 80 mmHg...
March 13, 2018: Drugs
Dana E Niles, Jordan Duval-Arnould, Sophie Skellett, Lynda Knight, Felice Su, Tia T Raymond, Todd Sweberg, Anita I Sen, Dianne L Atkins, Stuart H Friess, Allan R de Caen, Hiroshi Kurosawa, Robert M Sutton, Heather Wolfe, Robert A Berg, Annemarie Silver, Elizabeth A Hunt, Vinay M Nadkarni
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric in-hospital cardiac arrest cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality metrics have been reported in few children less than 8 years. Our objective was to characterize chest compression fraction, rate, depth, and compliance with 2015 American Heart Association guidelines across multiple pediatric hospitals. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study of data from a multicenter resuscitation quality collaborative from October 2015 to April 2017. SETTING: Twelve pediatric hospitals across United States, Canada, and Europe...
March 10, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Ambarish Pandey, Kershaw V Patel, Li Liang, Adam D DeVore, Roland Matsouaka, Deepak L Bhatt, Clyde W Yancy, Adrian F Hernandez, Paul A Heidenreich, James A de Lemos, Gregg C Fonarow
Importance: Among patients hospitalized with heart failure (HF), the long-term clinical implications of hospitalization at hospitals based on 30-day risk-standardized mortality rates (RSMRs) is not known. Objective: To evaluate the association of hospital-specific 30-day RSMR with long-term survival among patients hospitalized with HF in the American Heart Association Get With The Guidelines-HF registry. Design, Setting, and Participants: The longitudinal observational study included 106 304 patients with HF who were admitted to 317 centers participating in the Get With The Guidelines-HF registry from January 1, 2005, to December 31, 2013, and had Medicare-linked follow-up data...
March 12, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
Subir Bhatia, Shilpkumar Arora, Sravya M Bhatia, Mohammed Al-Hijji, Yogesh N V Reddy, Parshva Patel, Charanjit S Rihal, Bernard J Gersh, Abhishek Deshmukh
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains an independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. CKD complicates referral for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients because of the risk for acute kidney injury and the need for dialysis, with American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines underscoring the limited data on these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using the National Inpatient Sample to analyze hospitalizations in the United States from 2004 to 2014, we sought to assess PCI utilization and in-hospital outcomes in NSTEMI admissions with CKD...
March 10, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Robert A Phillips, Jiaqiong Xu, Leif E Peterson, Ryan M Arnold, Joseph A Diamond, Adam E Schussheim
BACKGROUND: The lower rate of primary outcome events in the intensive treatment group in SPRINT (Systolic Pressure Intervention Trial) was associated with increased clinically significant serious adverse events (SAEs). In 2017, the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association issued risk-based blood pressure treatment guidelines. The authors hypothesized that stratification of the SPRINT population by degree of future cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk might identify a group which could benefit the most from intensive treatment...
March 2, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Jacob A Udell, Gregg C Fonarow, Thomas M Maddox, Christopher P Cannon, W Frank Peacock, Warren K Laskey, Maria V Grau-Sepulveda, Eric E Smith, Adrian F Hernandez, Eric D Peterson, Deepak L Bhatt
BACKGROUND: Sex-based differences in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) mortality may attenuate with age due to better symptom recognition and prompt care. Hypothesis Age is a modifier of temporal trends in sex-based differences in ACS care. METHODS: Among 104,817 eligible patients with ACS enrolled in the AHA GWTG-CAD registry between 2003-2008, care and in-hospital mortality were evaluated stratified by sex and age (<65 years and ≥65 years). Temporal trends within sex and age groups were assessed for two care processes: the percentage of patients with ST-elevation MI (STEMI) presenting to PCI capable hospitals with a door-to-balloon time ≤ 90 minutes (DTB90) and the proportion of eligible patients with ACS treated with aspirin within 24 hours of presentation...
March 9, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
Yochai Schonmann, Oz Bleich, Andre Matalon, Hanny Yeshua
Aims The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) cholesterol recommendations in a contemporary non-US cohort. Methods and results This is a historical cohort analysis of electronic records from Israel's largest health provider. All patients in the Tel Aviv district eligible for primary cardiovascular prevention were followed between January 2005 and December 2015. Risk was estimated by the pooled cohort equations. Statin eligibility was determined by USPSTF and American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) recommendations...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Katherine L Brown, Deborah A Ridout, Christina Pagel, Monica Lakhanpaul, Suzan Kakat, Victoria Banks, Rodney Franklin, Thomas Witter, Rhian Lakhani, Shane Tibby, David Anderson, Victor Tsang, Aparna U Hoskote, Jo Wray
Introduction The objective of this study was to prospectively validate the "Brief Developmental Assessment", which is a new early recognition tool for neurodevelopmental abnormalities in children with heart disease that was developed for use by cardiac teams. METHODS: This was a prospective validation study among a representative sample of 960 pre-school children with heart disease from three United Kingdom tertiary cardiac centres who were analysed grouped into five separate age bands...
April 2018: Cardiology in the Young
Amir Qaseem, Timothy J Wilt, Devan Kansagara, Carrie Horwitch, Michael J Barry, Mary Ann Forciea
Description: The American College of Physicians developed this guidance statement to guide clinicians in selecting targets for pharmacologic treatment of type 2 diabetes. Methods: The National Guideline Clearinghouse and the Guidelines International Network library were searched (May 2017) for national guidelines, published in English, that addressed hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) targets for treating type 2 diabetes in nonpregnant outpatient adults. The authors identified guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence and the Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement...
March 6, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Aref A Bin Abdulhak, Mary Vaughan-Sarrzin, Peter Kaboli, Phillip A Horwitz, Hilary Mosher, Gardar Sigurdsson, Nicholas E Walker, Robert Wallace, Jennifer G Robinson
BACKGROUND: The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association blood cholesterol guideline recommends high-intensity statin therapy among certain groups of patients, but full implementation of the guideline has not yet been satisfactory. We aimed to investigate the temporal trends and predictors of high-intensity statin therapy among veterans who had been treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and followed up by cardiologists within the Veterans Health Administrative system...
March 4, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Lane M Smith, Chadwick D Miller
Acute aortic dissection (AAD) sits at the intersection of rare, deadly, and expensive to diagnose conditions. It is a disease that every emergency physician (EP) considers on a daily basis, but encounters only a handful during a career. Considerable attention has been given to this disease after the American Heart Association, American College of Cardiology, and 10 cosponsoring professional societies published the 2010 thoracic aortic disease guidelines to improve the missed or delayed treatment of AAD (1)...
March 2, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"