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American heart association guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634218/high-quality-statin-trials-support-the-2013-acc-aha-cholesterol-guidelines-after-hope-3-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#1
Martin B Mortensen, Matthew J Budoff, Dong Li, Khurram Nasir, Michael J Blaha, Veit Sandfort, Carlos J Rodriguez, Pamela Ouyang, Erling Falk
The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guideline on cholesterol treatment to prevent atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) has been criticized for lowering the risk thresholds for primary prevention with statin therapy. Although the ≥ 7.5% (class I) and ≥ 5% (class IIa) 10-year ASCVD risk thresholds were identified as new indications for treatment by extrapolating results obtained in randomized controlled trials (RCT) of statin therapy, results from population-based European cohorts indicate that >30% of individuals eligible for statin therapy by class I recommendations do not have RCT data supporting statin efficacy...
June 20, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628144/-application-of-the-china-par-risk-prediction-model-for-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-in-a-rural-northern-chinese-population
#2
X Tang, D D Zhang, L He, Y Cao, J W Wang, N Li, S P Huang, H D Dou, P Gao, Y H Hu
OBJECTIVE: To validate five-year risk prediction models for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) in a contemporary rural Northern Chinese population. METHODS: Totally 6 489 rural adults aged 40 to 79 years without clinical ASCVD were enrolled at baseline between June and August 2010, and followed up through January 2017. Expected prediction risk using the China-PAR (prediction for ASCVD risk in China) model was compared with the pooled cohort equations (PCE) reported in the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guideline...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625367/impact-of-aha-s-2007-guideline-change-on-incidence-of-infective-endocarditis-in-infants-and-children
#3
Rie Sakai Bizmark, Ruey-Kang R Chang, Yusuke Tsugawa, Kenneth M Zangwill, Ichiro Kawachi
Use a nationally representative sample to assess impacts of new clinical guidelines issued by the American Heart Association (AHA) in 2007 for many types of invasive procedures, with recommendations for significant decreases in antimicrobial prophylaxis use. STUDY DESIGN: Interrupted time series analyses of pediatric hospitalizations for Infective Endocarditis (IE), using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) ICD-9-CM diagnostic codes, identified IE hospitalizations for patients <18 years old from 2001 to 2012...
July 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620111/dietary-fats-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-presidential-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#4
REVIEW
Frank M Sacks, Alice H Lichtenstein, Jason H Y Wu, Lawrence J Appel, Mark A Creager, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Michael Miller, Eric B Rimm, Lawrence L Rudel, Jennifer G Robinson, Neil J Stone, Linda V Van Horn
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading global cause of death, accounting for 17.3 million deaths per year. Preventive treatment that reduces CVD by even a small percentage can substantially reduce, nationally and globally, the number of people who develop CVD and the costs of caring for them. This American Heart Association presidential advisory on dietary fats and CVD reviews and discusses the scientific evidence, including the most recent studies, on the effects of dietary saturated fat intake and its replacement by other types of fats and carbohydrates on CVD...
June 15, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617684/non-infarct-related-artery-revascularization-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-patients-with-multivessel-disease
#5
Asim N Cheema, Shamir R Mehta, Subodh Verma, Akshay Bagai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Multivessel disease (MVD) is common in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and is associated with significant risk of future cardiovascular (CV) events including short and longer-term mortality. In this review, we examine the pathophysiologic construct contributing to adverse prognosis of MVD in STEMI, relevant available evidence that currently guides the management of the noninfarct-related artery (IRA) stenosis and define the remaining knowledge gaps for future studies...
June 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608183/acc-aats-aha-ase-asnc-scai-scct-sts-2017-appropriate-use-criteria-for-coronary-revascularization-in-patients-with-stable-ischemic-heart-disease-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-appropriate-use-criteria-task-force-american-association-for-thoracic
#6
Manesh R Patel, John H Calhoon, Gregory J Dehmer, James Aaron Grantham, Thomas M Maddox, David J Maron, Peter K Smith
The American College of Cardiology, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, and American Association for Thoracic Surgery, along with key specialty and subspecialty societies, have completed a 2-part revision of the appropriate use criteria (AUC) for coronary revascularization. In prior coronary revascularization AUC documents, indications for revascularization in acute coronary syndromes and stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD) were combined into 1 document. To address the expanding clinical indications for coronary revascularization, and to align the subject matter with the most current American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines, the new AUC for coronary artery revascularization were separated into 2 documents addressing SIHD and acute coronary syndromes individually...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606999/invasive-management-strategies-and-antithrombotic-treatments-in-patients-with-non-st-segment-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-china-findings-from-the-improving-ccc-project-care-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-china
#7
Qing Yang, Ying Wang, Jing Liu, Jun Liu, Yongchen Hao, Sidney C Smith, Yong Huo, Gregg C Fonarow, Changsheng Ma, Junbo Ge, Kathryn A Taubert, Louise Morgan, Yang Guo, Wei Wang, Yujie Zhou, Dong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Early invasive strategies and antithrombotic treatments are key treatments of non-ST-segment-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS). Few studies have examined the use of these strategies in patients with NSTE-ACS in China. This study aimed to assess the applications of invasive strategies and antithrombotic treatments in patients with NSTE-ACS and compare their outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: A nationwide registry study, Improving CCC (Care for Cardiovascular Disease in China) ACS project, was launched in 2014 as a collaborative study of the American Heart Association and Chinese Society of Cardiology (CSC), with 142 participating hospitals reporting details of clinical management and outcomes of patients with NSTE-ACS...
June 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596038/predictors-of-30-day-postoperative-major-adverse-clinical-events-after-carotid-artery-stenting-an-analysis-of-the-procedure-targeted-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program
#8
Kyla M Bennett, John R Hoch, John E Scarborough
BACKGROUND: Information about carotid artery stenting (CAS) is largely derived from clinical trials, consensus statements, and outcomes comparisons between CAS and carotid endarterectomy. Given these limitations, the goal of this study was to identify risk factors for adverse outcomes after CAS among hospitals participating in the CAS-targeted American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP). METHODS: Our study sample consisted of patients from the 2012 to 2015 CAS-targeted ACS NSQIP data set...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595881/outcomes-of-alcohol-septal-ablation-in%C3%A2-younger%C3%A2-patients-with-obstructive-hypertrophic%C3%A2-cardiomyopathy
#9
Max Liebregts, Lothar Faber, Morten K Jensen, Pieter A Vriesendorp, Jaroslav Januska, Jan Krejci, Peter R Hansen, Hubert Seggewiss, Dieter Horstkotte, Radka Adlova, Henning Bundgaard, Jurriën M Ten Berg, Josef Veselka
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the safety and outcomes of alcohol septal ablation (ASA) in younger patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. BACKGROUND: The American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association guidelines reserve ASA for older patients and patients with serious comorbidities. Data on long-term age-specific outcomes after ASA are scarce. METHODS: A total of 1,197 patients (mean age 58 ± 14 years) underwent ASA for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy...
June 12, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586605/burden-of-atherosclerosis-risk-among-different-ethinicity-a-hidden-health-challenge
#10
Tariq Ashraf, Kanwal Fatima Aamir, Abdul Samad Achakzai, Naeem Mengal, Muhammad Tariq Karim
OBJECTIVE: Atherosclerosis risk and incidence of developing chronic cardiovascular conditions vary greatly between ethnic groups in South Asian population. To evaluate different ethnic groups in Pakistan, population based study was conducted at Karachi, the largest metropolitan city of Pakistan; to assess ten years and lifetime estimated cardiovascular disease risks without preexisting cardiovascular disease in Pakistani subjects by using Pooled Cohort Risk equation (calculator) as per American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) 2013 guidelines...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578141/physiologic-correlates-of-intraoperative-blood-transfusion-among-patients-undergoing-major-gastrointestinal-operations
#11
Marcelo Cerullo, Faiz Gani, Sophia Y Chen, Joseph K Canner, William W Yang, Steven M Frank, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for transfusion focus on nadir levels of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin triggers may not be helpful, however, in defining appropriate intraoperative use of packed red blood cells. We sought to define the use of intraoperative packed red blood cells relative to quantitative physiologic factors at the time of operation. METHODS: Prospective intraoperative data on patients undergoing a major gastrointestinal operation between 2010 and 2014 were analyzed...
May 31, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570379/promoting-evidence-based-practice-at-a-primary-stroke-center-a-nurse-education-strategy
#12
Christina Anne Case
BACKGROUND: Promoting a culture of evidence-based practice within a health care facility is a priority for health care leaders and nursing professionals; however, tangible methods to promote translation of evidence to bedside practice are lacking. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to design and implement a nursing education intervention demonstrating to the bedside nurse how current evidence-based guidelines are used when creating standardized stroke order sets at a primary stroke center, thereby increasing confidence in the use of standardized order sets at the point of care and supporting evidence-based culture within the health care facility...
July 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554990/the-role-of-scube1-in-the-pathogenesis-of-no-reflow-phenomenon-presenting-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#13
Hasan Ata Bolayır, Hakan Güneş, Tarık Kıvrak, Ömer Şahin, Dursun Akaslan, Recep Kurt, Aslı Bolayır, Oya İmadoğlu
OBJECTIVE: SCUBE1 [signal peptide-CUB (complement C1r/C1 s)-EGF (epidermal growth factor)-like domain-containing protein 1] might function as a novel platelet-endothelial adhesion molecule and play pathological roles in cardiovascular biology. Acute myocardial infarction is one of the most common causes of death in modern society. The concept of "no reflow" (NR) refers to a state of myocardial tissue hypoperfusion in the presence of a patent epicardial coronary artery. The main mechanisms of this phenomenon are thought to be high platelet activity and much thrombus burden...
May 24, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554878/adherence-to-aha-guidelines-when-adapted-for-augmented-reality-glasses-for-assisted-pediatric-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Johan N Siebert, Frederic Ehrler, Alain Gervaix, Kevin Haddad, Laurence Lacroix, Philippe Schrurs, Ayhan Sahin, Christian Lovis, Sergio Manzano
BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are nowadays recognized as the world's most authoritative resuscitation guidelines. Adherence to these guidelines optimizes the management of critically ill patients and increases their chances of survival after cardiac arrest. Despite their availability, suboptimal quality of CPR is still common. Currently, the median hospital survival rate after pediatric in-hospital cardiac arrest is 36%, whereas it falls below 10% for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552658/epinephrine-dosing-interval-and-survival-outcomes-during-pediatric-in-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#15
Derek B Hoyme, Sonali S Patel, Ricardo A Samson, Tia T Raymond, Vinay M Nadkarni, Michael G Gaies, Dianne L Atkins
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend epinephrine every 3-5min during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. For adults with in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA), longer dosing intervals are associated with improved survival to discharge. This study investigates whether longer epinephrine dosing intervals were associated with improved survival to discharge during pediatric IHCA. METHODS: Retrospective review of AHA Get With The Guidelines-Resuscitation registry identified 1630 pediatric IHCAs that met inclusion criteria...
May 25, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552064/management-of-blood-pressure-and-heart-rate-in-acute-decompensated-heart-failure-with-volume-overload
#16
Duygu Kocyigit, Kadri Murat Gurses, Muhammed Ulvi Yalcin, Lale Tokgozoglu
BACKGROUND Heart failure (HF) is a global health problem. Like most chronic diseases, HF also courses with acute exacerbations, which have been found to be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. A substantial proportion of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) patients clinically present with volume overload. METHODS The goal of this work was to review the current literature and recent guidelines of European Society of Cardiology and American Heart Association/ American College of Cardiology regarding the management strategies in patients with ADHF and volume overload...
May 25, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549764/effect-of-the-american-heart-association-2007-guidelines-on-the-practice-of-dental-prophylaxis-for-the-prevention-of-infective-endocarditis-in-olmsted-county-minnesota
#17
Daniel C DeSimone, Abdelghani El Rafei, Douglas W Challener, Alan B Carr, James A Kelly, Walter A Rocca, Jennifer L St Sauver, Cynthia M Bock-Goodner, Brian D Lahr, James M Steckelberg, Walter R Wilson, Larry M Baddour
OBJECTIVE: To determine the adherence of dental providers to the 2007 American Heart Association (AHA) infective endocarditis prevention guidelines regarding antibiotic drug administration before invasive dental procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included all adults (≥18 years old) with a moderate-risk (MR) or high-risk (HR) cardiac condition who received dental care at participating dental offices from January 1, 2005, through June 1, 2015, in Olmsted County, Minnesota...
May 10, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538842/-diagnostic-concordance-between-seven-definitions-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-overweight-and-obese-adults
#18
Eduardo Cabrera-Rode, Beatriz Stusser, Wenny Cálix, Neraldo Orlandi, Janet Rodríguez, Ileana Cubas-Dueñas, Ragmila Echevarría, Aimee Álvarez
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the level of diagnostic concordance between seven definitions of metabolic syndrome (MS) in a group of overweight and obese adults. Materials and Methods: 350 subjects aged from 19 to 70 years were recruited for study from a clinic for overweight and obese subjects. The definitions of MS used were those given by the WHO (World Health Organization), EGIR (European Group for the Study of Insulin Resistance), NCEP- ATPIII (Adult Treatment Panel), AHA/NHLBI (American Heart Association), IDF (International Diabetes Federation), and JIS (Joint Interim Statement) as well as the Szabo criteria...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534599/untreated-dyslipidemia-in-lebanese-patients-with-schizophrenia
#19
Marouan Zoghbi, Chadia Haddad, Pascale Salameh, Georges Haddad, Souheil Hallit
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of statin-untreated schizophrenic patients needing treatment according to the 2013 American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines and to compare the performance of these guidelines to the 2004 National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP-III) recommendations. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using medical charts, patient inverventions, and various anthropometric measures between April 2016 and July 2016 at the Psychiatric Hospital of the Cross enrolled 329 patients with schizophrenia (DSM-5 criteria) to determine dyslipidemia and risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD)...
May 18, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530431/socioeconomic-status-and-parenting-during-adolescence-in-relation-to-ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-black-and-white-men
#20
Karen A Matthews, Jennifer M Boylan, Karen P Jakubowski, Jenny M Cundiff, Laisze Lee, Dustin A Pardini, J Richard Jennings
OBJECTIVE: American Heart Association (AHA) developed a new metric to evaluate ideal cardiovascular health based on optimal levels of 7 cardiovascular risk factors and health behaviors. We evaluated the relationships of parenting characteristics and academic achievement in adolescence in relation to ideal cardiovascular health in midlife men. METHOD: We measured cardiovascular risk factors in 171 Black and 136 White men and their ideal cardiovascular health score was constructed based on AHA guidelines...
May 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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