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"Predicted adult height"

Silvano Bertelloni, Francesco Massart, Mario Miccoli, Giampiero I Baroncelli
Early puberty (EP) has been defined as the onset of puberty in the low-normal range; it may be a cause for concern regarding a possible impairment of adult height (AH). This paper meta-analysed data on AH after spontaneous growth or after gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analog treatment in girls with EP. A computerized literature search was conducted from 1980 to June 30, 2016. Only published studies in English were considered. Eight papers were selected (483 cases). In untreated girls (n = 300), predicted adult height (PAH) at start of follow-up (-0...
April 1, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
Jessica A Ferris, Mitchell E Geffner
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess aromatase inhibitor (AI) efficacy in increasing predicted adult height (PAH) and to describe clinical and biochemical safety profiles of AI-treated boys. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted at an academic children's hospital endocrinology clinic. Twenty-one boys with predicted short stature and/or rapidly advancing bone age, divided as Tanner stage (TS) I-III Group 1 (G1, n=9) and TS IV-V Group 2 (G2, n=12), were treated with AIs, either letrozole or anastrozole (mean duration, G1: 2...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Andrea Estrada, Alison M Boyce, Beth A Brillante, Lori C Guthrie, Rachel I Gafni, Michael T Collins
OBJECTIVE: McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) is a rare disorder with a broad spectrum including precocious puberty (PP) due to recurrent estrogen-secreting ovarian cysts. This study evaluates the long-term safety and efficacy of letrozole treatment in large cohort of girls with MAS-associated PP. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis. METHODS: Clinical data, including history and physical examination, bone age, and pelvic ultrasounds, were reviewed on 28 letrozole-treated girls...
November 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
Emmie N Upners, Anders Juul
BACKGROUND: Reduction of adult height by sex steroid treatment was introduced decades ago in tall statured children, but controlled trials are lacking and treatment is controversial. In this study, we wanted to evaluate the phenotypic characteristics in girls referred due to tall stature and the effect of oral administration of 17β-estradiol on predicted adult height in girls. METHODS: A single-centre retrospective observational study of 304 girls evaluated consecutively due to tall stature between 1993 and 2013...
July 13, 2016: Pediatric Research
Mengjie Wang, Youjie Zhang, Dan Lan, Jennifer W Hill
The addition of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) to GnRH agonist (GnRHa) to treat central precocious puberty (CPP) is controversial. We systemically reviewed and evaluated the efficacy and safety of the rhGH and GnRHa adjunctive therapy in Chinese children with CPP and assessed the influence of age and therapy duration on the efficacy of the combined treatment. A total of 464 patients were included from 14 studies. Compared with baseline, administration of GnRHa plus rhGH led to a significant increase in height, predicted adult height (PAH) and height standard deviation for bone age (HtSDS-BA), corresponding to a weighted mean difference (WMD) (95%CI) of 9...
April 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
Sabine E Hannema, Lars Sävendahl
Tall stature is a common reason for consultation of a paediatric endocrinologist. It is important to always consider underlying pathology. We propose a diagnostic flowchart based on five questions. (1) Does the child have tall stature? (2) Is there evidence of a syndrome? (3) Has there been growth acceleration? (4) Are there signs of puberty? (5) Does the child grow within the target height range? Diagnostic tests can then be ordered targeted to the suspected disorder. The Bayley-Pinneau and Tanner-Whitehouse methods are reasonably accurate in predicting adult height based on bone age in girls, but neither method performs well in boys...
2016: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
Susanne E Stalman, Anke Pons, Jan M Wit, Gerdine A Kamp, Frans B Plötz
OBJECTIVE: No evidence-based guideline has been published about optimal referral criteria and diagnostic work-up for tall stature in children. The aim of our study was to describe auxological and clinical characteristics of a cohort of children referred for tall stature, to identify potential candidates for adult height reduction, and to use these observations for developing a simple algorithm for diagnostic work-up and follow-up in clinical practice. METHODS: Data regarding family and medical history, auxological measurements, bone age development, physical examination, additional diagnostic work-up, and final diagnosis were collected from all children referred for tall stature, irrespective of their actual height standard deviation score (HSDS)...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
Erica A Eugster
The histrelin implant has emerged as a therapeutic option for the treatment of central precocious puberty that has been favorably received by patients and providers. Inserted subcutaneously, the 50-mg implant provides continuous release of the potent gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog (GnRHa) histrelin. Profound suppression of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis occurs within 1 month of its placement resulting in pubertal arrest, attenuation of skeletal advancement and a progressive increase in predicted adult height...
2016: Endocrine Development
YunHee Gyon, Yeong Ju Yun, Yong-Dae Kim, Heon-Seok Han
The use of a GnRH agonist (GnRHa) in central precocious puberty (CPP) is known to slow puberty progression, subsequently prevent early menarche, and attenuate the height loss caused by advanced skeletal maturation. But enhancing the final height has been so controversial that an additional approach has been used. We investigated the menarcheal age and near final height (NFH) in girls with CPP treated with GnRHa (N = 61) or GnRHa combined GH (N = 24). GnRHa was started at 8.1 ± 0.7 yr and administered for 2...
October 2015: Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology: Case Reports and Clinical Investigations: Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology
D T Papadimitriou, E Dermitzaki, M Papagianni, G Papaioannou, V Papaevangelou, A Papadimitriou
PURPOSE: Aromatase inhibitors have been used to increase predicted adult height (PAH) in boys but in girls only in McCune-Albright syndrome. We investigated whether anastrozole combined with leuprorelin for up to 2 years is safe and effective in improving PAH in girls with early puberty and compromised growth, compared to leuprorelin alone. METHODS: The "GAIL" study: girls treated with an aromatase inhibitor and an LHRH analogue, ISRCTN11469487, was a 7-year prospective phase IIa study with parallel design, performed at Athens Medical Center (C-A), and Attikon University Hospital, Athens, Greece (C-B)...
April 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Yue-Hong Tao, Bi-He Zeng, Nazir Sharif
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between the suppression of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis (HPGA) and the predicted adult height (PAH) in girls with central precocious puberty (CPP) during the treatment with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue (GnRHa), in order to provide guidance for individualized GnRHa dose adjustment in clinical practice. METHODS: The clinical data of 75 CPP girls were collected, and then height, bone age (BA), uterine and ovarian volumes, and peak luteinizing hormone (LH), peak follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and estradiol (E2) levels were recorded at different time points of GnRHa treatment...
October 2015: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Niamh McGrath, Michael J O'Grady
BACKGROUND: As a result of the essential role of oestrogens in epiphyseal closure, aromatase inhibitors have been trialled as an intervention to improve height outcomes in male children and adolescents by inhibiting the conversion of testosterone to oestradiol. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of aromatase inhibitors in male children and adolescents with short stature. SEARCH METHODS: To identify relevant trials, we searched the Cochrane Library (2014, Issue 7), MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the World Health Organization (WHO) ICTRP trial register from their inception until August 2014...
October 8, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
W Wang, X P Luo, L X Cai, Z R Cui, X Y Luo, R K Luo
Polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene are associated with idiopathic short stature (ISS) in several countries. This study aimed to identify a possible correlation between polymorphisms in the VDR promoter in Chinese children with ISS and the efficacy of the recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) treatment. Pre-pubertal children with ISS and healthy age- and gender-matched children (N = 95 each) were enrolled in this study. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the VDR promoter (rs11568820 at the Cdx-2-binding site upstream of exon 1e and rs4516035 at -1012 upstream of exon 1a) were typed...
September 8, 2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
D Carmody, S S Ladsaria, R K Buikema, R K Semple, S A W Greeley
BACKGROUND: Congenital insulin resistance syndromes are caused by biallelic mutations within the insulin receptor gene (INSR). Recombinant human insulin-like growth factor (rhIGF1) has been used with mixed success; however, rigorous assessment of its efficacy is lacking. Here, we describe a child with a homozygous mutation in INSR successfully treated with rhIGF1 for more than 5 years. CASE REPORT: The patient presented with osmotic diabetes symptoms and was noted to have dysplastic dentition, hypertrichosis, coarse and dysmorphic facial features...
March 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Younghee Kwun, Su Jin Kim, Jieun Lee, Tsuyoshi Isojima, Doo-Seok Choi, Duk-Kyung Kim, June Huh, I-Seok Kang, MiSun Chang, Sung Yoon Cho, Young Bae Sohn, Sung Won Park, Dong-Kyu Jin
Patients with Marfan syndrome (MFS) presents with primary skeletal manifestations such as tall stature, chest wall abnormality, and scoliosis. These primary skeletal manifestations affect the growth pattern in MFS. Therefore, it is not appropriate to use normal growth charts to evaluate the growth status of MFS. We aimed to develop disease-specific growth charts for Korean MFS patients and to use these growth charts for understanding the growth patterns in MFS and managing of patients with MFS. Anthropometric data were available from 187 males and 152 females with MFS through a retrospective review of medical records...
July 2015: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Anya Rothenbuhler, Agnès Linglart, Pierre Bougnères
BACKGROUND: When given during the course of puberty, anastrozole (A), an aromatase inhibitor, has been shown to increase the predicted adult height (PAH) of GH-deficient (GHD) boys treated with recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH). Our study questioned whether this treatment could retain some of its effects in non-GHD adolescent boys if started only at the very end of puberty, a time when rhGH treatment is denied to short adolescents who have almost reached their final height. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect on adult height of a combination of rhGH and A, compared with rhGH alone, at the end of puberty in boys with idiopatic short stature (ISS)...
2015: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology
Lawrence A Silverman, E Kirk Neely, Gad B Kletter, Katherine Lewis, Surya Chitra, Oksana Terleckyj, Erica A Eugster
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The histrelin implant has proven to be an effective method of delivering GnRH analog (GnRHa) therapy to children with central precocious puberty (CPP), yet there are limited data available regarding hormonal suppression and auxological changes during an extended course of therapy. DESIGN: This was a phase 3, prospective, open-label study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-six children with CPP who participated in a phase 3, open-label study and required further GnRHa therapy were eligible to continue treatment receiving a new implant upon removal of the prior 12-month histrelin implant during a long-term extension phase...
June 2015: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Jose Bernardo Quintos, Michael H Guo, Andrew Dauber
BACKGROUND: Recently, whole exome sequencing identified heterozygous defects in the aggrecan (ACAN) gene in three families with short stature and advanced bone age. OBJECTIVE: We report a novel frameshift mutation in ACAN in a family with dominantly inherited short stature, advanced bone age, and premature growth cessation. This is the first case of targeted sequencing of ACAN in this phenotype and confirms that ACAN sequencing is warranted in patients with this rare constellation of findings...
July 2015: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Yan Liang, Hong Wei, Jie Li, Ling Hou, Jianling Zhang, Wei Wu, Yanqin Ying, Xiaoping Luo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term efficacy of triptorelin 3.75 mg subcutaneously every 6 weeks on the final height in girls with idiopathic central precocious puberty (ICPP). METHODS: Forty females with ICPP received triptorelin 3.75 mg every 6 weeks subcutaneously in our hospital from 2002 to December 2010 and reached their final heights were enrolled. These patients were treated with triptorelin alone (group A, n=17) or triptorelin+recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) (group B, n=23)...
July 2015: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Mo Kyung Jung, Kyung Chul Song, Ah Reum Kwon, Hyun Wook Chae, Duk Hee Kim, Ho-Seong Kim
PURPOSE: There is controversy surrounding the growth outcomes of treatment with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) in central precocious puberty (CPP). We analyzed height preservation after treatment with GnRHa with and without growth hormone (GH) in girls with CPP. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 82 girls with idiopathic CPP who had been treated with GnRHa at Severance Children's Hospital from 2004 to 2014. We assessed the changes in height standard deviation score (SDS) for bone age (BA), and compared adult height (AH) with midparental height (MPH) and predicted adult height (PAH) during treatment in groups received GnRHa alone (n=59) or GnRHa plus GH (n=23)...
December 2014: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
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