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Body builders

Christopher R D'Adamo, James S Novick, Termeh M Feinberg, Valerie J Dawson, Larry E Miller
OBJECTIVE: Iron deficiency is the most common nutrient deficiency in the world. While deficiency can often be resolved through dietary supplementation with iron, adverse events are common and frequently preclude compliance. The objective of this study was to determine whether a food-derived dietary supplement containing a low dose of iron and nutrients that increase iron absorption could resolve iron deficiency with fewer adverse events than reported at higher doses. METHODS: A pilot clinical trial (NCT02683369) was conducted among premenopausal women with nonanemic iron deficiency that was verified by blood screening...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Gajapathiraju Chamarthi, Abhilash Koratala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 25, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
Guido Filler, Misan Lee
IMPORTANCE: Changes in kidney function are typically followed by the sequential estimation of glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Formulae for eGFR work well on a population basis, but there are well-known conditions where they do not work. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to summarize the existing literature on special populations in the pediatric age range and provide recommendations on how to estimate GFR in these populations. FINDINGS: The reliability of creatinine depends on muscle mass, while cystatin C (not widely available) is limited by inflammation and changes in protein catabolism...
December 7, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Erin G Stone
Many institutions have implemented clinical decision support systems (CDSSs). While CDSS research papers have focused on benefits of these systems, there is a smaller body of literature showing that CDSSs may also produce unintended adverse consequences (UACs). Detailed here are 2 cases of UACs resulting from a CDSS. Both of these cases were related to external systems that fed data into the CDSS. In the first case, lack of knowledge of data categorization in an external pharmacy system produced a UAC; in the second case, the change of a clinical laboratory instrument produced the UAC...
September 23, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
Peivand Bastani, Ali Amjad Nia, Mohammadreza Shabanpoor, Safoora Mehravar, Sara Kashefian
OBJECTIVE: This study is conducted on Iranian pharmacists, coaches, and athletes regarding sports supplements to assess their knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding sports supplements. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 2015. The study population consisted of all community pharmacists, bodybuilders, and bodybuilding coaches. The questionnaire was applied consisting some demographic questions and 25 questions for assessing KAP (6, 9, and 10, respectively)...
July 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
Michelle L Smith, James F X Jones
Two material 3D printing is becoming increasingly popular, inexpensive and accessible. In this paper, freely available printable files and dual extrusion fused deposition modelling were combined to create a number of functional anatomical models. To represent muscle and bone FilaFlex3D flexible filament and polylactic acid (PLA) filament were extruded respectively via a single 0.4 mm nozzle using a Big Builder printer. For each filament, cubes (5 mm3 ) were printed and analyzed for X, Y, and Z accuracy. The PLA printed cubes resulted in errors averaging just 1...
January 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Kübra Aral, Eynar Berdeli, Cüneyt A Aral, Afig Berdeli, Merve Atan
The effects of bodybuilding and protein supplements on periodontal tissues have not yet been evaluated. The present study aimed to examine the periodontal status and interleukin (IL)-1β, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing C-terminal caspase-recruitment domain (ASC), and caspase 1 (CASP1) gene expression levels of body builders compared with those of controls. Twenty-five bodybuilders with gingivitis (BB-G) who used protein powder supplements were compared with 25 nonexercising males with (G) and 25 without (H) gingivitis...
2017: Journal of Oral Science
Giovanni Defazio, M Esposito, G Abbruzzese, C L Scaglione, G Fabbrini, G Ferrazzano, S Peluso, R Pellicciari, A F Gigante, G Cossu, R Arca, L Avanzino, F Bono, M R Mazza, L Bertolasi, R Bacchin, R Eleopra, C Lettieri, F Morgante, M C Altavista, L Polidori, R Liguori, S Misceo, G Squintani, M Tinazzi, R Ceravolo, E Unti, L Magistrelli, M Coletti Moja, N Modugno, M Petracca, N Tambasco, M S Cotelli, M Aguggia, A Pisani, M Romano, M Zibetti, A R Bentivoglio, A Albanese, P Girlanda, A Berardelli
The Italian Dystonia Registry is a multicenter data collection system that will prospectively assess the phenomenology and natural history of adult-onset dystonia and will serve as a basis for future etiological, pathophysiological and therapeutic studies. In the first 6 months of activity, 20 movement disorders Italian centres have adhered to the registry and 664 patients have been recruited. Baseline historical information from this cohort provides the first general overview of adult-onset dystonia in Italy...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
Or Friedman, Ehud Arad, Oded Ben Amotz
In the pursuit of success in sports, some athletes are not deterred by health risks associated with the (mis)use of black market preparations of dubious origin as performance-enhancing agents. Several studies published in the recent years demonstrated that anabolic-androgenic steroids, but also stimulants and growth hormones, are misused by numerous recreational athletes from all over the world. Trenbolone is an anabolic steroid routinely used in the finishing phase of beef production to improve animal performance and feed efficiency...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
S A Povzun
A 42-year-old female body builder who had used anabolic androgenic steroids (AASs) for 18 years to build up muscle mass died from liver rupture. The cause of the latter was multiple abscesses caused by Actinomyces, which developed in the presence of immunodeficiency. The postmortem changes in different organs were due to hormonal imbalance. The paper gives the data available in the literature pertaining to the analysis of the effects of AASs taken in supraphysiological doses on the body and their non-medical application...
July 2016: Arkhiv Patologii
Silvio Tafuri, Angela Notarnicola, Antonello Monno, Francesco Ferretti, Biagio Moretti
BACKGROUND: even if CrossFit training programs accounted actually more than 7500 gyms affiliated in the USA and more than 2000 in Europe and involved today more than 1 million of people, actually there were not several studies about the effect of the CrossFit on the health and sport performance. The aim of these research was to evaluate the performance in 7 fundamental movement patterns using a standardized methods, the Functional Movement Screen (FMS). METHODS: we enrolled three groups of athletes (age 17-40 years; >6 months of training programs): CrossFitters, body builders and professional weightlifters...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Cherie M Kuzmiak, Lynn Damitz, Rachael Burke, Michael Hwang
There has been a significant surge in aesthetic chest surgery for men in the last several years. Male chest enhancement is performed with surgical placement of a solid silicone pectoral implant. In the past, male chest correction and implantation were limited to the treatment of men who had congenital absence or atrophy of the pectoralis muscle and pectus excavatum deformity. But today, the popularization of increased chest and pectoral size fostered by body builders has more men desiring chest correction with implantation for non-medical reasons...
March 2016: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
Chad Schaive, Tobias S Kohler
Steroid abuse is common across gyms across the world. This unique article features an inside perspective/opinion in a question and answer format from a former steroid user/high level body builder.
April 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
R Chew, S Nigam, P Sivakumaran
Secondary alveolar proteinosis is a rare lung disease which may be triggered by a variety of inhaled particles. The diagnosis is made by detection of anti-granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor antibodies in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, which appears milky white and contains lamellar bodies. Aluminium has been suggested as a possible cause, but there is little evidence in the literature to support this assertion. We report the case of a 46-year-old former boilermaker and boat builder who developed secondary alveolar proteinosis following sustained heavy aluminium exposure...
August 2016: Occupational Medicine
Joon Young Kang, Ryunhyung Kim, Hyunsun Kim, Yeonjune Kang, Susan Hahn, Zhengrui Fu, Mamoon I Khalid, Enja Schenck, Thomas Thesen
The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has risen significantly in the last ten years, and today, roughly 1 in 68 children has been diagnosed. One hallmark set of symptoms in this disorder are stereotypical motor movements. These repetitive movements may include spinning, body-rocking, or hand-flapping, amongst others. Despite the growing number of individuals affected by autism, an effective, accurate method of automatically quantifying such movements remains unavailable. This has negative implications for assessing the outcome of ASD intervention and drug studies...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Hooman Angoorani, Farzin Halabchi
BACKGROUND: The high prevalence and potential side effects of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) misuse by athletes has made it a major public health concern. Epidemiological studies on the abuse of such drugs are mandatory for developing effective preventive drug control programs in sports community. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of AAS abuse and their association with some psycho-socio-demographic factors in Iranian male recreational body-builders. METHODS: Between March and October 2011; 906 recreational male body-builders from 103 randomly selected bodybuilding clubs in Tehran, Iran were participated in this study...
December 2015: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Maria José Scochi, Silvana Martins Mishima, Marina Peduzzi
Professor Maria Cecília Puntel de Almeida (1944-2009) built a professional and academic career of which the main feature was her attempt to create and strengthen the interface between Nursing and Public Health in Brazil. From the beginning of her career she recognized this connection and understood the complexity of health problems and peoples' needs when seeking care. Her commitment took the form of both scientific output and also her contributions to the various fields in which she worked. As well as her contribution to the concept of the work process of nursing, she contributed to thinking on health practices and multi-professional training in the construction of a differentiated body of knowledge, which she approached from the perspective of the struggle for democracy in health and understanding of this as a right of citizenship...
December 2015: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Kavous Shahsavari Nia, Farzad Rahmani, Hanieh Ebrahimi Bakhtavar, Yashar Hashemi Aghdam, Moloud Balafar
Over the four decades, a significant decrease has been observed in age-related mortality caused by cardiovascular disease. People in developing countries suffer from CAD at a relatively younger age and about half of MI occurs under the age of fifty years. Abuse of anabolic steroids is one of the less common causes of atherosclerosis. In this report, a 23-year-old body builder male referred to emergency department (ED) with myocardial infarction (MI) following chronic Trenbolone acetate consumption. It seems that a comprehensive history of steroid consumption in young patients referred to ED with the chief complaint of chest pain or its equivalents is necessary in adjunct to other cardiac risk factors...
2014: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Diego A S Silva, Rafael C Da Silva, Eliane C A Gonçalves
Identifying the factors that influence the body image of body builders is important for understanding this construct. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between body image and age, socioeconomic status, and place of residence of body builders from two cities in Brazil. A cross-sectional study of 301 body builders with an average age of 25.2 yr. (SD = 3.5) was carried out. The Muscle Silhouette Measure scale was used, in which the discrepancy between current and desired silhouette was examined...
October 2015: Perceptual and Motor Skills
Priscilla Agbenyefia, Christina A Arnold, Robert Kirkpatrick
"Nutritional supplements" that promise an increase in muscle mass and strength are becoming a go to item as enhancing one's physical appearance becomes a more important part of our society. This is alarming because many of these nutritional supplements rely on androgen precursors to deliver their promises, without adequately informing consumers of the potential side effects of such agents. These products may conceal the presence of potent androgens to avoid regulatory sanctions and become more appealing to consumers...
April 2014: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
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