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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741519/cancer-prevention-lessons-learned-and-future-directions
#1
REVIEW
Barbara K Dunn, Barnett S Kramer
In this review, we address selected areas that are central to the state-of-the-art of cancer prevention science. The emphasis on prevention as a viable and critical approach to decreasing cancer mortality has gained traction in recent years, evidenced by its inclusion in the US Vice President's Cancer Initiative (also termed 'Moonshot'). Cancer prevention occurs by arresting, slowing down, or reversing the carcinogenic process before invasion into surrounding tissue or by avoiding or blocking causative exposure...
December 2016: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739051/effectiveness-of-nutritional-and-exercise-interventions-to-improve-body-composition-and-muscle-strength-or-function-in-sarcopenic-obese-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Christos Theodorakopoulos, Jacklyn Jones, Elaine Bannerman, Carolyn A Greig
Although sarcopenic obesity (SO) poses a major public health concern, a robust approach for the optimization of body composition and strength/function in SO has not yet been established. The purpose of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of nutritional (focusing on energy and protein modulation) and exercise interventions, either individually or combined, on body composition and strength/function in older adults with SO. MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL and SPORTDiscus were searched...
July 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737638/a-bone-health-intervention-for-chinese-immigrants-in-santa-clara-county
#3
Joanne Zou, Michelle DeCoux Hampton, Kate Shade, Leonard Kaku
BACKGROUND: Among Chinese immigrants, osteoporosis is undertreated, misdiagnosed, and a leading cause of fragility fractures. In orthopaedic surgery departments, prevention education and health behavior change programs are necessary to improve their bone health. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an osteoporosis prevention education program on participants' self-efficacy with regard to exercise and nutrition when provided by an orthopaedic surgery team during an annual Chinese Health Fair in Santa Clara County, CA...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737585/biomarkers-in-sports-and-exercise-tracking-health-performance-and-recovery-in-athletes
#4
Elaine C Lee, Maren S Fragala, Stavros A Kavouras, Robin M Queen, J Luke Pryor, Douglas J Casa
Biomarker discovery and validation is a critical aim of the medical and scientific community. Research into exercise and diet-related biomarkers aims to improve health, performance, and recovery in military personnel, athletes, and lay-persons. Exercise physiology research has identified individual biomarkers for assessing health, performance, and recovery during exercise training. However, there are few recommendations for biomarker panels for tracking changes in individuals participating in physical activity and exercise training programs...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736511/effects-of-methylsulfonylmethane-msm-on-exercise-induced-oxidative-stress-muscle-damage-and-pain-following-a-half-marathon-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#5
Eric D Withee, Kimberly M Tippens, Regina Dehen, Deanne Tibbitts, Douglas Hanes, Heather Zwickey
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress and muscle damage occur during exhaustive bouts of exercise, and many runners report pain and soreness as major influences on changes or breaks in training regimens, creating a barrier to training persistence. Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is a sulfur-based nutritional supplement that is purported to have pain and inflammation-reducing effects. To investigate the effects of MSM in attenuating damage associated with physical exertion, this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated the effects of MSM supplementation on exercise-induced pain, oxidative stress and muscle damage...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731637/do-low-income-cypriots-experience-food-stress-the-cost-of-a-healthy-food-basket-relative-to-guaranteed-minimum-income-in-nicosia-cyprus
#6
Stavri Chrysostomou, Sofia Andreou
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the cost, acceptability and affordability of the healthy food basket (HFB) among low-income families in Cyprus. METHODS: HFBs were constructed based on the National Guidelines for Nutrition and Exercise for six different types of households. Acceptability was tested through focus groups. Affordability was defined as the cost of the HFB as a percentage of the guaranteed minimum income (GMI). The value of the GMI is set to be equal to €480 for a single individual and increases with the size of the recipient unit in accordance with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development equivalence scales...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730865/psychological-assessment-of-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity
#7
Liya Pan, Xiaxi Li, Yi Feng, Li Hong
Objective This study aimed to analyse the psychological conditions and behaviour of a group of Chinese children and adolescents with obesity, and to develop an intervention for these young patients. Methods A group of 72 patients aged from 4 to 15 years were recruited from an obesity clinic. Patients, or the parents of children younger than 12 years, filled out a series of self-report questionnaires, and the responses were recorded and analysed. Results The 72 children and adolescents with obesity had a mean age of 9...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728570/health-promotion-interventions-for-community-dwelling-older-people-with-mild-or-pre-frailty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Rachael Frost, Celia Belk, Ana Jovicic, Federico Ricciardi, Kalpa Kharicha, Benjamin Gardner, Steve Iliffe, Claire Goodman, Jill Manthorpe, Vari M Drennan, Kate Walters
BACKGROUND: Mild or pre-frailty is common and associated with increased risks of hospitalisation, functional decline, moves to long-term care, and death. Little is known about the effectiveness of health promotion in reducing these risks. This systematic review aimed to synthesise randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating home and community-based health promotion interventions for older people with mild/pre-frailty. METHODS: We searched 20 bibliographic databases and 3 trials registers (January 1990 - May 2016) using mild/pre-frailty and associated terms...
July 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728559/effect-of-insulin-therapy-and-dietary-adjustments-on-safety-and-performance-during-simulated-soccer-tests-in-people-with-type-1-diabetes-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Javier Calvo-Marín, Gabriel Torrealba-Acosta, Matthew Campbell, Jesse Gaboury, Ajmol Ali, Chih Hao Chen-Ku
BACKGROUND: Despite the reduction in glycemic derangement in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) through dietary and therapeutic adjustments implemented before, during and after continuous exercise, evidence for its effectiveness with intermittent forms of exercise, such as soccer, is still lacking. METHODS/DESIGN: We designed a study protocol for a randomized, crossover, double-blinded, controlled trial, for the evaluation of the effect that a strategy of dietary and therapeutic modifications may have on safety and performance of persons with T1D in soccer training sessions and cognitive testing...
July 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727592/nutrition-exercise-and-skin-integrity-among-frail-older-adults-in-taiwan
#10
Chia-Te Chen, Heng-Hsin Tung, Tao-Hsin Tung, Jong-Chyou Denq
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to determine the correlation between nutrition status and skin integrity in the frail older adult population. DESIGN AND SETTING: Participants (N = 94) in this cross-sectional study were recruited through convenience sampling from the neurology and geriatrics outpatient department at a regional teaching hospital in Northern Taiwan. Study tools included a Basic Participant Profile Fill-in Sheet, which assesses demographic and exercise habit; the Comorbidity Index; Skin Integrity Evaluation Chart; Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form; and Taiwan International Physical Activity Questionnaire Form...
August 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727165/increased-fibre-and-reduced-trans-fatty-acid-intake-are-primary-predictors-of-metabolic-improvement-in-overweight-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-substudy-of-randomized-trial-between-diet-exercise-and-diet-plus-exercise-for-weight-control
#11
Åsa Nybacka, Per M Hellström, Angelica L Hirschberg
OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is commonly affected by obesity. PCOS phenotypes are prone to increased waist/hip ratio, insulin resistance and dyslipidaemia. This substudy was undertaken to evaluate the effects of lifestyle interventions on metabolic biomarkers in overweight/obese PCOS women, and the interventional effects of dietary components related to metabolic outcomes. DESIGN: Randomized three-arm parallel study. PATIENTS: Fifty-seven PCOS women (BMI >27kg/m(2) , age 18-40) were randomly assigned to diet (D, n=19), exercise (E, n=19) or diet plus exercise (DE, n=19) in three-arm fashion over 16 weeks...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724854/improvement-of-pulmonary-function-after-comprehensive-obesity-rehabilitation-program-in-obese-patients
#12
Tamao Takahashi, Satoru Ebihara, Masahiro Kohzuki
Obesity is a major risk factor of cardiovascular, osteoarthritis, metabolic and pulmonary disorders, and exercise is an efficient method for treating obesity. However, obese patients often complain of dyspnea on exertion, which makes it difficult to continue exercise program. Obesity is also known to have an adverse effect on pulmonary function. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a comprehensive obesity rehabilitation (COR) program on pulmonary function in Japanese patients with morbid obesity...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724351/impact-of-a-lay-led-home-based-intervention-programme-on-quality-of-life-in-community-dwelling-pre-frail-and-frail-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
A Kapan, E Winzer, S Haider, S Titze, K Schindler, C Lackinger, T E Dorner
BACKGROUND: Due to the demographic ageing process and the increasing number of pre-frail and frail individuals, new lifestyle interventions to enhance the quality of life (QoL) in community-dwelling older adults are necessary. Therefore, we performed a randomised controlled trial (RCT) to compare effects of a lay-led home-based physical and nutritional intervention programme with social support alone on different QoL domains in community-dwelling pre-frail and frail older adults. METHODS: In this analysis within a RCT (12 weeks), lay volunteers visited one-on-one pre-frail or frail older adults at home twice a week...
July 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722028/fat-free-mass-depletion-in-patients-with-copd-in-brazil-development-of-a-new-cutoff-point-and-its-relation-with-mortality-and-extrapulmonary-manifestations
#14
A Travassos, A Rodrigues, K C Furlanetto, L Donária, G W Bisca, A G Nellessen, F Pitta, N A Hernandes
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: None of the cutoff points for fat-free mass index (FFMI) were tested for the Brazilian population, and it is unknown whether the available ones are able to discriminate extrapulmonary disease manifestations. This cross-sectional study aims to develop and validate a cutoff point for FFM depletion based on Brazilian patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to verify its association and of previously published cutoffs with extrapulmonary manifestations...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721834/the-interaction-between-nutrition-and-exercise-for-promoting-health-and-performance
#15
Oliver C Witard, Derek Ball
The theme of The Nutrition Society Spring Conference 2017 was on the interaction between nutrition and exercise for promoting healthy ageing, maintaining cognitive function and improving the metabolic health of the population. The importance of this theme is highlighted by the public health issues surrounding obesity, diabetes and the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass (sarcopenia). The opening symposium provided a historical perspective of both invasive and non-invasive methodologies for measuring exercise energetics and energy balance...
July 19, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721648/recall-of-prenatal-counselling-among-obese-and-overweight-women-from-a-canadian-population-a-population-based-study
#16
Angela E Vinturache, Anika Winn, Suzanne C Tough
Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate the recall of prenatal counselling received among overweight and obese women in primary care settings. Methods A sample of 1996 women with singleton, term deliveries and pre-pregnancy BMI >18.5 kg/m(2) were identified from the All Our Babies pregnancy cohort. Information on socio-demographic characteristics and women's experiences with prenatal counselling on nutrition, vitamin and mineral supplements, exercise, weight gain, employment, alcohol and drug use, and smoking during pregnancy were collected through questionnaires administered at <25 weeks and 34-36 weeks gestation...
July 18, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720541/biological-sources-of-variation-of-serum-adiponectin-among-healthy-individuals-in-comparison-with-related-nutritional-and-inflammatory-markers
#17
Yoshihisa Shimizu, Kiyoshi Ichihara, Katsuyuki Nakajima
BACKGROUND: Serum adiponectin (AN) is a nutritional and inflammatory marker of various diseases. Its biological sources of variation (SVs) have been widely evaluated in, but its relationships with other related markers remain to be studied comprehensibly by use of multivariate analyses including factor analysis. METHODS: Serum specimens from 752 well-defined healthy subjects (295 males; 457 females) obtained from Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Vietnam were tested for total AN (tAN) and high-molecular-weight AN (hmAN) together with 71 major analytes...
July 15, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719669/a-whey-protein-based-multi-ingredient-nutritional-supplement-stimulates-gains-in-lean-body-mass-and-strength-in-healthy-older-men-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Kirsten E Bell, Tim Snijders, Michael Zulyniak, Dinesh Kumbhare, Gianni Parise, Adrian Chabowski, Stuart M Phillips
Protein and other compounds can exert anabolic effects on skeletal muscle, particularly in conjunction with exercise. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of twice daily consumption of a protein-based, multi-ingredient nutritional supplement to increase strength and lean mass independent of, and in combination with, exercise in healthy older men. Forty-nine healthy older men (age: 73 ± 1 years [mean ± SEM]; BMI: 28.5 ± 1.5 kg/m2) were randomly allocated to 20 weeks of twice daily consumption of either a nutritional supplement (SUPP; n = 25; 30 g whey protein, 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719251/erratum-ijsnem-27-3
#19
(no author information available yet)
The International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism 27(3), http://journals.humankinetics.com/toc/ijsnem/27/3 , was incorrectly paginated. The correct page range for this issue is 197-292. The online versions of these articles have been corrected.
August 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717334/osteoporosis-knowledge-among-future-healthcare-practitioners-findings-from-a-malaysian-public-university
#20
Mohamed Hassan Elnaem, Shazia Qasim Jamshed, Ramadan Mohamed Elkalmi, Muhammad Farhan Baharuddin, Muhammad Afif Johari, Nur Ashikin Binti Ab Aziz, Siti Farhanah Binti Ahmad Sabri, Nur Akmal Binti Ismail
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Students in relevant health-care academic programs are the future professionals who should play an active role in increasing community awareness regarding chronic diseases such as osteoporosis. This research aimed to evaluate the knowledge of osteoporosis, one of the growing health-care burdens in Malaysia, among students belong to three different health occupations programs in a Malaysian University. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was conducted to assess the level of knowledge on osteoporosis and to explore the potential association between the study program and osteoporosis-related knowledge among medicine, pharmacy, and allied health sciences students in a Malaysian University...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
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