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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237653/-low-bone-mineral-density-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-prevalence-and-related-factors
#1
Rocío Galindo Zavala, Esmeralda Núñez Cuadros, Laura Martín Pedraz, Gisela Díaz-Cordovés Rego, Carlos Sierra Salinas, Antonio Urda Cardona
INTRODUCTION: Height adjustment is currently recommended for Z-score bone mineral density (BMD) assessed by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. At present there are no studies that evaluate the prevalence of low BMD in paediatric patients with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) in Spain following current recommendations. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate low BMD in JIA in paediatric patients with JIA in Spain following the latest recommendations, as well as to assess associated factors...
February 23, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236606/physical-function-differences-between-the-stages-from-normal-cognition-to-moderate-alzheimer-disease
#2
Chisato Fujisawa, Hiroyuki Umegaki, Kazushi Okamoto, Hirotaka Nakashima, Masafumi Kuzuya, Kenji Toba, Takashi Sakurai
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the differences in the physical function test results across stages from normal cognition (NC) to moderate Alzheimer disease (AD) and how risk factors of physical function decline are correlated with the physical function test results. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of outpatients at the Memory Disorder Outpatient Center of Japan's National Center of Geriatrics and Gerontology. PARTICIPANTS: We enrolled 882 individuals aged ≥65 diagnosed with NC (n = 210), amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI; n = 273), mild AD (n = 181) or moderate AD (n = 197)...
February 21, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229646/special-nutrition-intervention-is-required-for-muscle-protective-efficacy-of-physical-exercise-in-elderly-people-at-highest-risk-of-sarcopenia
#3
A Molnár, I Jónásné Sztruhár, Á A Csontos, Cs Ferencz, Sz Várbíró, B Székács
Progressive loss of muscle mass and strength is a physiological consequence of aging, and without interventions, it usually deteriorates into sarcopenia. In this study, the hypothesis that combined special nutritional-physiotherapeutical intervention to prevent or reverse this biological deterioration in elderly people was tested. The effects of the regular resistance muscle training (PT, n = 17) alone and the combined exercise + special nutrition therapy containing whey protein and vitamin D (PT + NT, n = 17) were monitored for 3 months in 34 elderly patients (12 men and 22 women; mean age: 66...
September 2016: Physiol Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228940/beneficial-effects-of-nonpharmacological-interventions-in-the-management-of-essential-hypertension
#4
REVIEW
Anastasios Vamvakis, Eugenia Gkaliagkousi, Areti Triantafyllou, Eleni Gavriilaki, Stella Douma
Essential hypertension is a major health problem causing excess cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Management of essential hypertension consists of pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions. In order to prevent and/or treat hypertension, parameters like nutrition, body weight, and physical exercise should be evaluated and taken under consideration for improvement. A large body of evidence clearly support that the role of salt, alcohol, fruits, and vegetables is important for high blood pressure...
January 2017: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228115/weight-loss-and-exercise-for-communities-with-arthritis-in-north-carolina-we-can-design-and-rationale-of-a-pragmatic-assessor-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Stephen P Messier, Leigh F Callahan, Daniel P Beavers, Kate Queen, Shannon L Mihalko, Gary D Miller, Elena Losina, Jeffrey N Katz, Richard F Loeser, Sara A Quandt, Paul DeVita, David J Hunter, Mary F Lyles, Jovita Newman, Betsy Hackney, Joanne M Jordan
BACKGROUND: Recently, we determined that in a rigorously monitored environment an intensive diet-induced weight loss of 10% combined with exercise was significantly more effective at reducing pain in men and women with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) than either intervention alone. Compared to previous long-term weight loss and exercise trials of knee OA, our intensive diet-induced weight loss and exercise intervention was twice as effective at reducing pain intensity. Whether these results can be generalized to less intensively monitored cohorts is unknown...
February 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227217/acceptability-of-a-team-based-mobile-health-mhealth-application-for-lifestyle-self-management-in-individuals-with-chronic-illnesses
#6
Andrea L Hartzler, Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Shiwali Mohan, Michael Silva, Paula Lozano, James D Ralston, Evette Ludman, Dori Rosenberg, Katherine M Newton, Lester Nelson, Peter Pirolli, Andrea L Hartzler, Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Shiwali Mohan, Michael Silva, Paula Lozano, James D Ralston, Evette Ludman, Dori Rosenberg, Katherine M Newton, Lester Nelson, Peter Pirolli, Dori Rosenberg, James D Ralston, Evette Ludman, Katherine M Newton, Lester Nelson, Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Shiwali Mohan, Michael Silva, Paula Lozano, Peter Pirolli, Andrea L Hartzler
With increased incidence of chronic illnesses arising due to unhealthy lifestyle habits, it is increasingly important to leverage technology applications to promote and sustain health behavior change. We developed a smartphone-based application, NutriWalking (NW), which recommends personalized daily exercise goals and promotes healthy nutritional habits in small peer teams. Here, we demonstrate an early study of usability and acceptability of this app in patients with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Depression...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212202/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-adolescent-health-promotion-scale-in-chile-differences-by-socioeconomic-status-and-gender
#7
Cristian A Rojas-Barahona, Jorge Gaete, Esterbina Olivares, Carla E Förster, Eugenio Chandia, Mei-Yen Chen
BACKGROUND: The promotion of healthy behaviors is a relevant issue worldwide, especially among adolescent populations, as this is the developmental stage where most unhealthy behaviors become ingrained. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Adolescent Health Promotion Scale (AHPS) in a Chilean sample of early adolescents. METHODS: The sample was composed of 1,156 adolescents aged 10-14 years from schools in San Felipe, Chile...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208581/macronutrient-intakes-in-553-dutch-elite-and-sub-elite-endurance-team-and-strength-athletes-does-intake-differ-between-sport-disciplines
#8
Floris Wardenaar, Naomi Brinkmans, Ingrid Ceelen, Bo Van Rooij, Marco Mensink, Renger Witkamp, Jeanne De Vries
Web-based 24-h dietary recalls and questionnaires were obtained from 553 Dutch well-trained athletes. The total energy and macronutrient intake was compared between discipline-categories (endurance, team, and strength) within gender, and dietary inadequacy, i.e., too low or high intakes, according to selected recommendations and guidelines, was evaluated by applying a probability approach. On average, 2.83 days per person were reported with a mean energy intake of 2566-2985 kcal and 1997-2457 kcal per day, for men and women, respectively...
February 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207558/association-between-oral-health-behavior-and-periodontal-disease-among-korean-adults-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#9
Kyungdo Han, Jun-Beom Park
This study was performed to assess the association between oral health behavior and periodontal disease using nationally representative data.This study involved a cross-sectional analysis and multivariable logistic regression analysis models using the data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. A community periodontal index greater than or equal to code 3 was used to define periodontal disease.Adjusted odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals of periodontitis for the toothbrushing after lunch group and the toothbrushing before bedtime group were 0...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204901/the-effect-of-hydration-status-on-the-measurement-of-lean-tissue-mass-by-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry
#10
Clodagh M Toomey, William G McCormack, Phil Jakeman
PURPOSE: Athletes cycle between exercise and recovery. Exercise invokes changes in total body water from thermal sweating, muscle and hepatic glycogen depletion and metabolic water loss. Recovery from exercise results in rehydration, substrate repletion, and possible glycogen supercompensation. Such changes may corrupt the measurement of hydrated tissues, such as lean tissue mass (LTM), by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of exercise and thermal dehydration and subsequent glycogen supercompensation on DXA-based measurement of body composition...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203323/the-effects-of-nutrition-exercise-and-a-praying-program-on-reducing-iron-overload-in-patients-with-beta-thalassemia-major-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Zahra Molazem, Roghaye Noormohammadi, Roya Dokouhaki, Maryam Zakerinia, Zahra Bagheri
BACKGROUND: Excessive iron accumulation in the visceral organs creates problems for patients with beta-thalassemia major. Despite chelation therapy, mortality rate from the complications of this disease is still quite high. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of nutrition, exercise, and a praying program at reducing iron overload in patients with beta-thalassemia major. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial assessed the effect of the designed care program on iron overload...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198035/testing-the-effect-of-dietary-carotenoids-on-larval-survival-growth-and-development-in-the-critically-endangered-southern-corroboree-frog
#12
Phillip G Byrne, Aimee J Silla
The success of captive breeding programs (CBPs) for threatened species is often limited due to a lack of knowledge of the nutritional conditions required for optimal growth and survival. Carotenoids are powerful antioxidants known to accelerate vertebrate growth and reduce mortality. However, the effect of carotenoids on amphibian life-history traits remains poorly understood. The aim of our study was to use a manipulative laboratory experiment to test the effect of dietary-carotenoid supplementation during the larval life stage on the survival, growth and development of the critically endangered southern corroboree frog (Pseudophryne corroboree)...
February 15, 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196791/use-of-information-and-communication-technologies-among-older-people-with-and-without-frailty-a-population-based-survey
#13
Niina Susanna Keränen, Maarit Kangas, Milla Immonen, Heidi Similä, Heidi Enwald, Raija Korpelainen, Timo Jämsä
BACKGROUND: Use of information and communication technologies (ICT) among seniors is increasing; however, studies on the use of ICT by seniors at the highest risk of health impairment are lacking. Frail and prefrail seniors are a group that would likely benefit from preventive nutrition and exercise interventions, both of which can take advantage of ICT. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to quantify the differences in ICT use, attitudes, and reasons for nonuse among physically frail, prefrail, and nonfrail home-dwelling seniors...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188319/clinical-inquiry-do-pedometers-increase-activity-and-improve-health-outcomes
#14
Devin Schock, Jon O Neher, Sarah Safranek
In overweight and obese patients, exercise interventions using a pedometer increase steps by about a mile per day over the same interventions without access to pedometer information and are associated with a modest 4 mm Hg reduction in systolic blood pressure (BP) over baseline. In overweight patients with diabetes, pedometer use with nutritional counseling is associated with 0.86 kg greater weight loss than nutritional counseling alone.
January 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187344/evaluation-of-implementing-a-community-based-exercise-intervention-during-pregnancy
#15
Lene A H Haakstad, Birgitte Sanda, Ingvild Vistad, Linda Reme Sagedal, Hilde Lohne Seiler, Monica K Torstveit
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the implementation of a community-based exercise intervention (the Norwegian Fit for Delivery study) during pregnancy. DESIGN: descriptive, explorative. SETTING: healthcare clinics in southern Norway, including urban and rural settings. PARTICIPANTS: healthy, nulliparous women with singleton pregnancy of ≤20 gestational weeks, age ≥18 years and body mass index ≥19kg/m(2). METHODS: women were randomised to either twice-weekly supervised exercise sessions combined with nutritional counselling (n=303) or standard prenatal care (n=303)...
January 21, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187143/the-relation-between-exercise-and-glaucoma-in-a-south-korean-population-based-sample
#16
Shuai-Chun Lin, Sophia Y Wang, Louis R Pasquale, Kuldev Singh, Shan C Lin
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between exercise and glaucoma in a South Korean population-based sample. DESIGN: Population-based, cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 11,246 subjects, 40 years and older who underwent health care assessment as part of the 2008-2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. METHODS: Variables regarding the duration (total minutes per week), frequency (days per week), and intensity of exercise (vigorous, moderate exercise and walking) as well as glaucoma prevalence were ascertained for 11,246 survey participants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181776/cardiovascular-adjustments-to-heat-stress-during-prolonged-exercise
#17
Luna Rizzo, Martin W Thompson
Prolonged effort in hot environments is increasing popular in extreme sports. The number of long distance athletes taking part in races in extremely warm condition, as in deserts, is larger than in the past and also the race distances are increased thus. The demanding for the heart function are higher than those challenged in the past only by few athletes and in easier conditions. This puts news challenges on the professional involved in these activities and there is a need to better understand how the cardiocirculatory system responses in these extreme environmental conditions...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179214/self-management-support-program-for-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases-user-centered-development-of-the-tailored-web-based-program-vascular-view
#18
Saskia Puijk-Hekman, Betsie Gi van Gaal, Sebastian Jh Bredie, Maria Wg Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Sandra van Dulmen
BACKGROUND: In addition to medical intervention and counseling, patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) need to manage their disease and its consequences by themselves in daily life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to describe the development of "Vascular View," a comprehensive, multi-component, tailored, Web-based, self-management support program for patients with CVD, and how this program will be tested in an early randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS: The Vascular View program was systematically developed in collaboration with an expert group of 6 patients, and separately with a group of 6 health professionals (medical, nursing, and allied health care professionals), according to the following steps of the intervention mapping (IM) framework: (1) conducting a needs assessment; (2) creating matrices of change objectives; (3) selecting theory-based intervention methods and practical applications; (4) organizing methods and applications into an intervention program; (5) planning the adaption, implementation, and sustainability of the program, and (6) generating an evaluation plan...
February 8, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169593/arthritis-related-limitations-predict-insufficient-physical-activity-in-adults-with-prediabetes-identified-in-the-nhanes-2011-2014
#19
Shiela M Strauss, Margaret McCarthy
Purpose The purpose of the study was to determine the extent to which arthritis-related limitations are salient in predicting less than the recommended amount of time for adults with prediabetes to spend on moderate or vigorous physical activity. Methods Data from the 2011-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in the United States were used to identify the predictors of insufficient physical activity in a large sample of adults with prediabetes 20 years of age and older (n = 2536). Results When extrapolated to more than 45 million adults in the United States at least 20 years of age with prediabetes, 42...
February 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169211/toward-harmonization-of-the-nutrition-care-process-terminology-and-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-dietetics-results-of-a-mapping-exercise-and-implications-for-nutrition-and-dietetics-practice-and-research
#20
Gabriele Gäbler, Michaela Coenen, Claudia Bolleurs, Willy K Visser, Sytske Runia, Yvonne F Heerkens, Tanja A Stamm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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