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"Phase angle"

Karin Törne, Andreas Örnberg, Jonas Weissenrieder
: During implantation load-bearing devices experience stress that may influence its mechanical and corrosion profile and potentially lead to premature rupture. The susceptibility to stress corrosion cracking (SCC) of the Mg-Al alloy AZ61 and Zn was studied in simulated body fluid (m-SBF) and whole blood by slow strain rate (SSR) testing in combination with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and further ex-situ analysis including scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
October 22, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Gilad Yahav, Eran Barnoy, Nir Roth, Lior Turgeman, Dror Fixler
Fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) is an essential tool in many scientific fields such as biology and medicine thanks to the known advantages of the fluorescence lifetime (FLT) over the classical fluorescence intensity (FI). However, the frequency domain (FD) FLIM technique suffers from its strong dependence on the reference and its compliance to the sample. In this paper, we suggest a new way to calculate the FLT by using the crossing point (CRPO) between the modulation and phase FLTs measured over several light emitting diode (LED) DC currents values instead of either method alone...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
G W Peterson, M McEntee, C R Harris, A D Klevitch, A W Fountain, J R Soliz, A Balboa, A J Hauser
Electrical impedance spectroscopy, in conjunction with the metal-organic framework (MOF) UiO-66-NH2, is used to detect trace levels of the explosive simulant 2,6-dinitrotoluene. The combination of porosity and functionality of the MOF provides an effective dielectric structure, resulting in changes of impedance magnitude and phase angle. The promising data indicate that MOFs may be used in low-cost, robust explosive detection devices.
October 20, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Vaidas Vicka, Laurynas Rimsevicius, Alvita Gincaite, Diana Sukackiene, Marius Miglinas
OBJECTIVE: Water balance and blood pressure (BP) alterations are strongly associated in haemodialysis (HD) patients. Aim of this study was to determine whether bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) parameters can be used as predictors of intradialytic hypotension (IDH). DESIGN AND METHOD: We conducted an observational study of chronic HD patients. BIA was measured before the HD procedure using InBody S10 (Biospace, Seoul, Korea) body composition analyzer. Intracellular water (ICW), extracellular water (ECW), total body water (TBW), ECW/TBW ratio and phase angle (PhA) were selected as markers of hydration state and thus possible predictors of IDH...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Ya-Chen Chen, Tzu-Chien Hsiao
BACKGROUND: Thoracoabdominal asynchrony is often adopted to discriminate respiratory diseases in clinics. Conventionally, Lissajous figure analysis is the most frequently used estimation of the phase difference in thoracoabdominal asynchrony. However, the temporal resolution of the produced results is low and the estimation error increases when the signals are not sinusoidal. Other previous studies have reported time-domain procedures with the use of band-pass filters for phase-angle estimation...
October 6, 2016: Biomedical Engineering Online
Milad Samaee, Mohammad Tafazzoli-Shadpour, Hamed Alavi
Many cardiovascular diseases are closely associated with hemodynamic parameters. The main purpose of this study is mimicking a physiological blood flow in stenotic arteries to provide an understanding of hemodynamic parameters. An experimental setup was designed to produce original pulsatile flow and measure pressure pulse waves through a compliant tube. Moreover, a numerical model considering fluid-solid interaction was developed to investigate wall shear stress and circumferential stress waves, based on the results of the experiments...
October 5, 2016: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
Flavia Feijó Nunes, Lílian Bassani, Sabrina Alves Fernandes, Maria Eugênia Deutrich, Bianca Coccaro Pivatto, Cláudio Augusto Marroni
Background: Patients with liver disease often present protein-energy malnutrition. The assessment of food intake is very important in the investigation regarding the "health-disease" process. Objective: To assess dietary intake of cirrhotic patients through food record during 3 days, correlating it with the nutritional status of the patient and the stage of the disease. Methods: Cirrhotic outpatients from the Santa Casa de Misericórdia Hospital, RS, Brazil, were assessed...
October 2016: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Bojan Gavrilovic, T Douglas Bradley, Daniel Vena, Owen D Lyons, Joseph M Gabriel, Milos R Popovic, Azadeh Yadollahi
OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is highly prevalent in patients with fluid-retaining conditions. Using bioimpedance measurements, previous studies have shown that the greater the amount of fluid redistributed from the legs to the neck overnight, the greater the severity of OSA. Our objective was to investigate factors that predispose the development or worsening of OSA in response to experimental fluid overload. METHODS: Fifteen normotensive and non-obese adult men with and without OSA underwent polysomnography (PSG) during which normal saline was infused intravenously at a minimal rate to keep the vein open (control) or as a bolus of 22 ml/kg body weight (approximately 2 L) in a random order and crossed over after a week...
July 2016: Sleep Medicine
Adam J Kuchnia, Levi M Teigen, Abigail J Cole, Urvashi Mulasi, M Cristina Gonzalez, Steven B Heymsfield, David M Vock, Carrie P Earthman
BACKGROUND: Raw bioimpedance parameters (eg, 50-kHz phase angle [PA] and 200-kHz/5-kHz impedance ratio [IR]) have been investigated as predictors of nutrition status and/or clinical outcomes. However, their validity as prognostic measures depends on the availability of appropriate reference data. Using a large and ethnically diverse data set, we aimed to determine if ethnicity influences these measures and provide expanded bioimpedance reference data for the U.S. POPULATION: HASH(0x47125a0) METHODS: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) is an ongoing compilation of studies conducted by the U...
September 26, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
D B Amin, I M Lawless, D Sommerfeld, R M Stanley, B Ding, J J Costi
The complex, direction-dependent, poro-viscoelastic properties of the intervertebral disc (disc) suggest that investigations of the six degree of freedom (6DOF) behaviour may be susceptible to inter-test variation in mechanical response if the disc does not return to initial conditions between loading directions. No studies have quantified the effects of sequential multi-directional loading on the consistency of the compressive response of the disc throughout a 6DOF testing protocol. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the effect of 6DOF loading on the compressive properties (stiffness and phase angle) of human discs, as evaluated by a reference compression test performed after each single DOF test...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
Junqiang Sun, Xiaoxiong Xiong, Eugene Waluschka, Menghua Wang
The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) is one of five instruments onboard the Suomi National Polar-Orbiting Partnership (SNPP) satellite that launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, on October 28, 2011. It is a whiskbroom radiometer that provides ±56.28° scans of the Earth view. It has 22 bands, among which 14 are reflective solar bands (RSBs). The RSBs cover a wavelength range from 410 to 2250 nm. The RSBs of a remote sensor are usually sensitive to the polarization of incident light...
September 20, 2016: Applied Optics
Vaidas Vicka, Laurynas Rimsevicius, Alvita Gincaite, Diana Sukackiene, Marius Miglinas
OBJECTIVE: Water balance and blood pressure (BP) alterations are strongly associated in haemodialysis (HD) patients. Aim of this study was to determine whether bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) parameters can be used as predictors of intradialytic hypotension (IDH). DESIGN AND METHOD: We conducted an observational study of chronic HD patients. BIA was measured before the HD procedure using InBody S10 (Biospace, Seoul, Korea) body composition analyzer. Intracellular water (ICW), extracellular water (ECW), total body water (TBW), ECW/TBW ratio and phase angle (PhA) were selected as markers of hydration state and thus possible predictors of IDH...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Gerard Amorós-Figueras, Esther Jorge, Tomás García-Sánchez, Ramón Bragós, Javier Rosell-Ferrer, Juan Cinca
Myocardial electrical impedance is a biophysical property of the heart that is influenced by the intrinsic structural characteristics of the tissue. Therefore, the structural derangements elicited in a chronic myocardial infarction should cause specific changes in the local systolic-diastolic myocardial impedance, but this is not known. This study aimed to characterize the local changes of systolic-diastolic myocardial impedance in a healed myocardial infarction model. Six pigs were successfully submitted to 150 min of left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery occlusion followed by reperfusion...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Yirui Wu, Palaiahnakote Shivakumara, Tong Lu, Chew Lim Tan, Michael Blumenstein, Govindaraj Hemantha Kumar
Text recognition in video/natural scene images has gained significant attention in the field of image processing in many computer vision applications, which is much more challenging than recognition in plain background images. In this paper, we aim to restore complete character contours in video/scene images from gray values, in contrast to the conventional techniques that consider edge images/binary information as inputs for text detection and recognition. We explore and utilize the strengths of zero crossing points given by the Laplacian to identify stroke candidate pixels (SPC)...
December 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
Bruno Areias, Carla Santos, Renato M Natal Jorge, Fernanda Gentil, Marco Pl Parente
The ear is one of the most complex organs in the human body. Sound is a sequence of pressure waves, which propagates through a compressible media such as air. The pinna concentrates the sound waves into the external auditory meatus. In this canal, the sound is conducted to the tympanic membrane. The tympanic membrane transforms the pressure variations into mechanical displacements, which are then transmitted to the ossicles. The vibration of the stapes footplate creates pressure waves in the fluid inside the cochlea; these pressure waves stimulate the hair cells, generating electrical signals which are sent to the brain through the cochlear nerve, where they are decoded...
September 2, 2016: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Carolina Gálvez-Montón, Ramon Bragós, Carolina Soler-Boti Ja, Idoia Díaz-Güemes, Cristina Prat-Vidal, Verónica Crisóstomo, Francisco M Sánchez-Margallo, Aida Llucià-Valldeperas, Paco Bogónez-Franco, Isaac Perea-Gil, Santiago Roura, Antoni Bayes-Genis
: : Cardiac tissue engineering, which combines cells and biomaterials, is promising for limiting the sequelae of myocardial infarction (MI). We assessed myocardial function and scar evolution after implanting an engineered bioactive impedance graft (EBIG) in a swine MI model. The EBIG comprises a scaffold of decellularized human pericardium, green fluorescent protein-labeled porcine adipose tissue-derived progenitor cells (pATPCs), and a customized-design electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) monitoring system...
September 2, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Mustafa Kemal Kilic, Muhammet Cemal Kizilarslanoglu, Gunes Arik, Basak Bolayir, Ozgur Kara, Hacer Dogan Varan, Fatih Sumer, Mehmet Emin Kuyumcu, Meltem Halil, Zekeriya Ulger
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is an important problem for older adults, leading to morbidity and mortality; therefore, early detection with a precise method is essential. We aimed to investigate the role of bioelectrical impedance analysis-derived phase angle as a determinant of sarcopenia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross section of 263 community-dwelling and hospitalized older adults (>65 years) were assessed in terms of sarcopenia with bioelectrical indices and anthropometric measurements...
September 2, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Mingyu Hu, Nan Zhou, Bo Xu, Wuyong Chen, Jianxin Wu, Jin Zhou
The aim of this study was first to quantify intra-limb coordination and then to explore the gender differences of 180 healthy children aged 3-6. The children's joint Euler angles and angular velocities were measured and were used to calculate the phase angle (PA) and continuous relative phase (CRP). Firstly, a portrait of the mean and standard deviation (SD) of PA and CRP was applied to quantify coordination in the knees and ankles; then five key events in walking were selected and their inter-age differences were assessed by One-way ANOVA...
August 25, 2016: Gait & Posture
Gang Xue, Yanjun Liu, Muqun Zhang, Hongpeng Ding
The kinematics model based on the Slender-Body theory is proposed from the bionic movement of real fish. The Panel method is applied to the hydrodynamic performance analysis innovatively, with the Gauss-Seidel method to solve the Navier-Stokes equations additionally, to evaluate the flexible deformation of fish in swimming accurately when satisfying the boundary conditions. A physical prototype to mimic the shape of tuna is developed with the revolutionized technology of rapid prototyping manufacturing. The hydrodynamic performance for rigid oscillating hydrofoil is analyzed with the proposed method, and it shows good coherence with the cases analyzed by the commercial software Fluent and the experimental data from robofish...
2016: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
Kaspar-Josche Streitberger, Andreas Fehlner, Florence Pache, Anna Lacheta, Sebastian Papazoglou, Judith Bellmann-Strobl, Klemens Ruprecht, Alexander Brandt, Jürgen Braun, Ingolf Sack, Friedemann Paul, Jens Wuerfel
OBJECTIVES: Application of multifrequency magnetic resonance elastography (MMRE) of the brain parenchyma in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) compared to age matched healthy controls (HC). METHODS: 15 NMOSD patients and 17 age- and gender-matched HC were examined using MMRE. Two three-dimensional viscoelastic parameter maps, the magnitude |G*| and phase angle φ of the complex shear modulus were reconstructed by simultaneous inversion of full wave-field data in 1...
August 29, 2016: European Radiology
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