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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435318/endoscopic-management-of-bile-leaks-after-liver-transplantation-an-analysis-of-two-high-volume-transplant-centers
#1
Oriol Sendino, Alejandro Fernández-Simon, Ryan Law, Barham Abu Dayyeh, Michael Leise, Karina Chavez-Rivera, Henry Cordova, Jordi Colmenero, Gonzalo Crespo, Cristina Rodriguez de Miguel, Constantino Fondevila, Josep Llach, Miquel Navasa, Todd Baron, Andrés Cárdenas
Background: Bile leak after liver transplantation (LT) is commonly treated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP); however, there are limited data regarding the optimal treatment strategy. Objective: We aimed to examine the role of ERCP in LT recipients with bile leaks at two large institutions. Methods: We reviewed all ERCPs performed in LT recipients with bile leak and duct-to-duct biliary anastomosis at two high-volume transplant centers...
February 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428104/management-of-occluded-self-expanding-biliary-metal-stents-in-malignant-biliary-disease
#2
Simon Nennstiel, Isolde Tschurtschenthaler, Bruno Neu, Hana Algül, Monther Bajbouj, Roland M Schmid, Stefan von Delius, Andreas Weber
BACKGROUND: Occlusion of self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) in malignant biliary obstruction occurs in up to 40% of patients. This study aimed to compare the different techniques to resolve stent occlusion in our collective of patients. METHODS: Patients with malignant biliary obstruction and occlusion of biliary metal stent at a tertiary referral endoscopic center were retrospectively identified between April 1, 1994 and May 31, 2014. The clinical records were further analyzed regarding the characteristics of patients, malignant strictures, SEMS, management strategies, stent patency, subsequent interventions, survival time and case charges...
February 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375741/management-of-endoscopic-biliary-stenting-for-choledocholithiasis-evaluation-of-stent-exchange-intervals
#3
Gen Tohda, Masaki Dochin
AIM: To evaluate the best management of plastic stents in patients with choledocholithiasis who were unfit for endoscopic stone removal or surgery. METHODS: Between April 2007 and September 2017, 87 patients (median age 83.7 years) with symptomatic choledocholithiasis were treated with insertion of 7-Fr plastic stents because complete endoscopic stone retrieval was difficult, and their general condition was not suitable for surgery. Seventy of these patients agreed to regular stent management and stent exchange was carried out at every 6 mo (Group A, n = 35) or every 12 mo (Group B, n = 35)...
January 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358888/characterization-of-biofilms-in-biliary-stents-and-potential-factors-involved-in-occlusion
#4
Chetana Vaishnavi, Jayanta Samanta, Rakesh Kochhar
AIM: To quantify the components in biofilms and analyze the predisposing factors involved in occlusion of biliary stents. METHODS: In a prospective study conducted from April 2011 to March 2014 at a tertiary care hospital, all consecutive patients who required endoscopic biliary stent exchange/removal were included. Etiology of the biliary disease was diagnosed by imaging, cytology and on follow-up. Clinical details of patients with biliary stent retrieval were noted...
January 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251269/ii-brazilian-consensus-statement-on-endoscopic-ultrasonography
#5
Fauze Maluf-Filho, Joel Fernandez de Oliveira, Ernesto Quaresma Mendonça, Augusto Carbonari, Bruno Antônio Maciente, Bruno Chaves Salomão, Bruno Frederico Medrado, Carlos Marcelo Dotti, César Vivian Lopes, Cláudia Utsch Braga, Daniel Alencar M Dutra, Felipe Retes, Frank Nakao, Giovana Biasia de Sousa, Gustavo Andrade de Paulo, Jose Celso Ardengh, Juliana Bonfim Dos Santos, Luciana Moura Sampaio, Luciano Okawa, Lucio Rossini, Manoel Carlos de Brito Cardoso, Marco Antonio Ribeiro Camunha, Marcos Clarêncio, Marcos Eduardo Lera Dos Santos, Matheus Franco, Nutianne Camargo Schneider, Ramiro Mascarenhas, Rodrigo Roda, Sérgio Matuguma, Simone Guaraldi, Viviane Figueiredo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: At the time of its introduction in the early 80s, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) was indicated for diagnostic purposes. Recently, EUS has been employed to assist or to be the main platform of complex therapeutic interventions. METHODS: From a series of relevant new topics in the literature and based on the need to complement the I Brazilian consensus on EUS, twenty experienced endosonographers identified and reviewed the pertinent literature in databases...
November 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249861/biliary-obstruction-endoscopic-approaches
#6
REVIEW
Jeffrey H Lee, Tomas DaVee
Painless jaundice is a harbinger of malignant biliary obstruction, with the majority of cases due to pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Despite advances in treatment, including improved surgical techniques and neoadjuvant (preoperative) chemotherapy, long-term survival from pancreatic cancer is rare. This lack of significant improvement in outcomes is believed to be due to multiple reasons, including the advanced stage at diagnosis and lack of an adequate biomarker for screening and early detection, prior to the onset of jaundice or epigastric pain...
December 2017: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215539/biliary-stenting-in-patients-with-pancreatic-cancer-results-from-a-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Madeleine Payne, Elizabeth A Burmeister, Mary Waterhouse, Susan J Jordan, Dianne L OʼConnell, Neil D Merrett, David Goldstein, David Wyld, Vanessa L Beesley, Helen Gooden, Monika Janda, Rachel E Neale
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe management of biliary obstruction (BO) in the context of pancreatic cancer within a population-based cohort. METHODS: We examined management of BO in 1863 patients diagnosed as having pancreatic cancer in 2010/2011. We used descriptive statistics and logistic regression to describe patterns of biliary stent usage, complications and duration of patency, associations between preoperative stenting and surgical outcomes, and between patient factors and management of jaundice...
January 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205183/feasibility-of-conversion-of-percutaneous-cholecystostomy-to-internal-transmural-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-gallbladder-drainage
#8
Tanyaporn Chantarojanasiri, Saburo Matsubara, Hiroyuki Isayama, Yousuke Nakai, Naminatsu Takahara, Suguru Mizuno, Hirofumi Kogure, Ryunosuke Hakuta, Yukiko Ito, Minoru Tada, Kazuhiko Koike
BACKGROUND/AIM: Percutaneous cholecystostomy [percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD)] is the treatment of choice in surgically unfit patients with acute cholecystitis. However, PTGBD tube removal after symptoms resolution results in 41-46% recurrence. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of the conversion of PTGBD to transmural endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage (EUS-GBD) using plastic stents in patients unfit for cholecystectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent internal transmural EUS-GBD as a conversion from PTGBD were reviewed...
November 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192137/application-of-fully-covered-self-expandable-metallic-stents-with-and-without-antimigration-waist-versus-repeated-plastic-biliary-stent-placement-in-management-of-anastomotic-biliary-strictures-after-orthotopic-liver-transplantation
#9
Samir Zeair, Filip Butkiewicz, Jacek Butkiewicz, Robert Stasiuk
BACKGROUND Standard methods for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) management of anastomotic strictures (AS) after OLT includes repeated balloon dilation of the stricture with subsequent insertion of a plastic biliary stent (PBS). In post-OLT patients not responding to standard endoscopic treatment, the placement of fully covered self-expanding metal stents (FCSEMS) is a valid alternative to surgical treatment. The aim of this study was to compare the results of new FCSEMS implantation with the standard ERCP stricture management protocol and with conventional FCSEMS insertion...
December 1, 2017: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188552/intrahepatic-subcapsular-biloma-after-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-treated-by-endoscopic-biliary-drainage
#10
Hiroaki Igarashi, Hiroko Yamashita, Kiyoshi Tsuchiya, Dai Sugimoto, Itsuro Ogata
Several major complications from endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), including pancreatitis, cholangitis, and hemorrhage have been discussed in detail; however, a few uncommon but severe complications have been reported. We encountered an unusual case of post-ERCP intrahepatic subcapsular biloma. An 89-year-old woman with a 25-mm mass located at the hepatic hilum, suggestive of cholangiocarcinoma, underwent ERCP which demonstrated complete stricture of the common hepatic duct. Subsequently, two plastic stents were placed from the common bile duct to the right and left intrahepatic branches...
November 29, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170081/symptomatic-benign-distal-biliary-stricture-in-setting-of-anomalous-pancreaticobiliary-junction-treated-with-metal-biliary-and-temporary-plastic-pancreatic-stents
#11
Michael X Ma, Michael J Bourke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106289/insertion-of-fully-covered-self-expanding-metal-stents-in-benign-biliary-diseases
#12
Mariana Omodeo, Ignacio Malaga, Dante Manazzoni, Cecilia Curvale, Julio de Maria, Martín Alejandro Guidi, Raúl Matano
INTRODUCTION: Benign biliary diseases are traditionally treated using plastic stents. However, fully covered self-expanding metal stents are currently gaining acceptance for the treatment of these pathologies. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness and complications associated with the placement of temporary endoscopic fully covered self-expanding metal stents for the treatment of benign biliary diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective and observational study using a prospective database from a tertiary care center from March 2012 to May 2016...
November 6, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097348/percutaneous-transhepatic-techniques-for-retrieving-fractured-and-intrahepatically-dislodged-percutaneous-transhepatic-biliary-drainage-catheters
#13
Liu Hsien-Tzu, Tseng Hsiuo Shan, Chiu Nai Chi, Lin Yi Yang, Chiou Yi You, Liu Chien An
Dislodged intrabiliary drainage devices, including catheters, endoprostheses, and stents, may further impair drainage and cause various local reactions, vascular and gastrointestinal tract complications. Endoscopic approaches for management of plastic biliary endoprostheses have been extensively discussed. However, in rare cases of fracture of percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) catheters, only a percutaneous transhepatic technique for retrieving should be applied to avoid further damage by its rigid fragment...
November 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090502/endoscopic-treatment-of-anastomotic-biliary-stricture-after-adult-deceased-donor-liver-transplantation-with-multiple-plastic-stents-versus-self-expandable-metal-stents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Filippo Landi, Nicola de'Angelis, Ailton Sepulveda, Aleix Martínez-Pérez, Iradj Sobhani, Alexis Laurent, Olivier Soubrane
Anastomotic biliary strictures (ABSs) occur in up to 15% of patients after liver transplantation (LT). The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) versus multiple plastic stents (MPS). Databases were searched through April 2017. The outcome measures were technical success, stricture resolution, recurrence and complications. We synthesized the findings descriptively and performed a meta-analysis. Three randomized controlled trials and one retrospective cohort study were identified, including 179 MPS and 119 SEMS patients...
November 1, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090242/stent-patency-in-patients-with-distal-malignant-biliary-obstruction-receiving-chemo-radio-therapy
#15
Sylke Haal, Jeanin E van Hooft, Erik A J Rauws, Paul Fockens, Rogier P Voermans
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS:  Recent literature suggests that chemo(radio)therapy might reduce the patency of plastic stents in patients with malignant biliary obstruction. Whether this might also be valid for other types of stents is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of chemo(radio)therapy on the patency of fully-covered self-expandable metal stents (FCSEMSs) and plastic stents. PATIENTS AND METHODS:  We retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical records of patients with distal malignant biliary obstruction who underwent biliary stent placement between April 2001 and July 2015...
November 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080302/the-congested-bile-can-predict-the-outcomes-of-endoscopic-stenting-for-hilar-biliary-malignancies
#16
Ming-Xing Xia, Bo Sun, Ling Xing, Dao-Jian Gao, Xin Ye, Jun Wu, Tian-Tian Wang, Bing Hu
AIM: Endoscopic management of malignant hilar biliary obstruction (MHBO) remains challenging with relatively poor jaundice control and high infectious risk. The factors which affect the outcome of endoscopic therapy are still unclear. This retrospective cohort study was aimed to investigate predictive factors for the outcomes of biliary stenting in the setting of MHBO. METHODS: Between June 2015 and June 2016, consecutive patients with MHBO received primarily endoscopic stenting and completed follow-up at our institution were identified and their data were collected and evaluated...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062442/multiple-plastic-biliary-stent-placement-in-the-management-of-large-and-multiple-choledochal-stones-single-center-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Hasan Bektaş, Bünyamin Gürbulak, Zeynep Deniz Şahin, Yiğit Düzköylü, Şükrü Çolak, Esin Kabul Gürbulak, Mehmet Emin Güneş, Ekrem Çakar
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with sphincterotomy is the first step treatment modality of choledocholithiasis. In spite of an extended sphincterotomy, 10-15% of complex choledochal stones (larger than 15 mm and/or more than 3 stones) cannot be removed and recurrent ERCP procedures may be needed. AIM: To evaluate the role and efficiency of multiple biliary stent application in the treatment of large and multiple choledochal stones...
September 2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052124/endoscopic-biliary-stenting-for-unresectable-malignant-hilar-obstruction
#18
REVIEW
Mitsuharu Fukasawa, Shinichi Takano, Hiroko Shindo, Ei Takahashi, Tadashi Sato, Nobuyuki Enomoto
Palliative drainage is the primary treatment option for unresectable malignant hilar biliary obstruction (UMHBO) to improve the prognosis and quality of life. Currently, endoscopic biliary drainage is considered as a first-line treatment for UMHBO as well as for distal biliary obstruction. Self-expanding metal stents (SEMSs) are preferred over plastic stents (PSs) in patients with life expectancy of >3 months. However, endoscopic treatment of UMHBO is often more challenging and complex than that of distal biliary obstruction...
December 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033423/recurrent-bleeding-from-a-hepatic-artery-pseudoaneurysm-after-biliary-stent-placement
#19
Kenji Yamauchi, Daisuke Uchida, Hironari Kato, Hiroyuki Okada
A 78-year-old woman was admitted with benign biliary stenosis. A plastic stent was placed at the left branch to prevent obstructive cholangitis. Two weeks after the procedure, the patient was readmitted with cholangitis caused by hemobilia. However, computed tomography (CT), endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), peroral cholangioscopy, and abdominal angiography failed to establish the bleeding source. At the seventh bleeding, CT revealed a hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm for which coil embolization was successfully performed...
October 16, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026597/endoscopic-approach-for-management-of-biliary-strictures-in-liver-transplant-recipients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Dayse Pereira da Silva Aparício, José Pinhata Otoch, Edna Frasson de Souza Montero, Muhammad Ali Khan, Everson Luiz de Almeida Artifon
The most common biliary complication after liver transplantation is anastomotic stricture (AS) and it can occur isolated or in combination with other complications. Liver graft from a cadaveric donor or a living donor has an influence on the incidence of biliary strictures as well as on the response to endoscopic treatment. Endoscopic treatment using balloon dilation and insertion of biliary stents by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is the initial approach to these complications. AIM: The aim of this article is to compare different endoscopic techniques to treat post-liver transplantation biliary strictures...
October 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
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