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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079618/diffusion-weighted-mri-enables-to-accurately-grade-inflammatory-activity-in-patients-of-ileocolonic-crohn-s-disease-results-from-an-observational-study
#1
Xue-Hua Li, Can-Hui Sun, Ren Mao, Si-Yun Huang, Zhong-Wei Zhang, Xu-Feng Yang, Li Huang, Jin-Jiang Lin, Jian Zhang, Shomron Ben-Horin, Shi-Ting Feng, Min-Hu Chen, Zi-Ping Li
BACKGROUND: Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is a novel technique to evaluate bowel inflammation in Crohn's disease (CD). It remains unclear whether DWI could differentiate grades of inflammation activity and add to the accuracy of conventional magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) in defining disease activity. We aimed to assess the accuracy of DWI for evaluating ileocolonic CD inflammation compared with conventional MRE, using ileocolonoscopy as reference standard. METHODS: This was an observational study of CD patients who underwent both ileocolonoscopy and MRE with DWI...
January 10, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044950/clinico-pathological-profile-and-surgical-outcome-of-patients-of-gastrointestinal-tuberculosis-undergoing-laparotomy
#2
Priyank Pathak, Shantanu Kumar Sahu, Saurabh Agrawal
: Tuberculosis is one of the earliest diseases affecting the mankind. Abdominal tuberculosis constitutes a common public health issue in developing countries like ours. Gastrointestinal tuberculosis often involves the ileocecal region. Surgery in case of abdominal tuberculosis is required to overcome the deleterious effects of the disease like tissue disorganization, obstruction and perforatio. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: 1. To study the various clinical profiles of gastrointestinal tuberculosis in patients undergoing laparotomy; 2...
November 2016: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032878/manejo-endosc%C3%A3-pico-de-una-paciente-de-edad-avanzada-con-s%C3%A3-ndrome-de-bouveret
#3
M Povar Echeverria, J M Boudet Barraca, P E Auquilla Clavijo
 Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 94 años con síndrome de Bouveret, cuyo manejo diagnóstico y terapéutico fue a través de abordaje endoscópico. El síndrome de Bouveret es la imposibilidad de vaciamiento gástrico como consecuencia de la impactación de un cálculo biliar a nivel duodenal, siendo la forma de presentación menos frecuente del íleo biliar. El íleo biliar es una complicación de la colelitiasis, que presenta elevada morbimortalidad por lo que precisa de diagnóstico precoz y tratamiento urgente, que habitualmente es quirúrgico...
December 30, 2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013111/risk-of-rectal-cancer-after-colectomy-for-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis-a-national-cohort-study
#4
Maie Abdalla, Kalle Landerholm, Peter Andersson, Roland E Andersson, Pär Myrelid
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) have an increased risk of rectal cancer, so reconstruction with an ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) is generally preferred to an ileo-rectal anastomosis (IRA) after subtotal colectomy. Similarly, completion proctectomy is recommended for patients with ileostomy and diverted rectum, although this approach has been questioned because anti-inflammatory agents might reduce cancer risk. We performed a national cohort study in Sweden to assess the risk of rectal cancer in patients with UC who have an IRA, IPAA, or diverted rectum after subtotal colectomy...
December 21, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991017/-proctocolectomy-with-j-pouch-ileo-anal-anastomosis-performed-with-pph-stapler-our-experiences-after-88-cases
#5
Csaba Berki, Elemér Mohos, György Réti, Tamás Kovács, Zoltán Jánó, József Mohay, Sándor Horváth, Gábor Bognár, Krisztina Bene, Myroslav Horzov, Gábor Sándor, Gábor Tornai, Petra Mohos, Péter Szenkovits, Tibor Nagy, Csaba Orbán, Vivien Herpai, Attila Nagy
AIM: Ulcerative colitis (CU) or Familiar Polyposis (FAP) can be the indication for proctocolectomy reconstructed with J pouch. The complete removal of the colon mucosa is essential regarding the late complications and at the same time the atraumatic surgical technique is very important concerning on the long term functional results. Both aspects seems to be answered by the stapled ileo-anal anastomosis using a "procedure for prolaps and haemorrhoids (PPH)" stapler applied by us since 2000...
December 2016: Magyar Sebészet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970185/tct-798-comparison-of-cathter-guided-thrombolysis-and-ultrasound-accelerated-thrombolysis-for-the-treatment-of-acute-ileo-femoral-dvt
#6
Mohammad Ansari, Daniel Garcia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957308/single-incision-laparoscopy-surgery-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Sasan Saeed Far, Sepide Miraj
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery is a modern surgical technique in which operations are performed far from their location through small incisions elsewhere in the body. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review is aimed to overview single-incision laparoscopy surgery. METHODS: This systematic review was carried out by searching studies in PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, and IranMedex databases. The initial search strategy identified about 87 references...
October 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913997/mega-cecum-an-unrecognized-cause-of-symptoms-in-some-female-patients-with-uro-gynecological-symptoms-and-severe-slow-transit-constipation
#8
William Y Chey, Vincent Chang, Cameron M Hoellrich, Kae Yol Lee, Maxine Lubkin, Deborah Corcoran, Ta-Min Chang, William D Chey
BACKGROUND: A subset of female patients with severe constipation report overlapping uro-gynecological symptoms which have been attributed to visceral hypersensitivity. AIMS: To study colon morphology and motor function in female patients with medically refractory chronic constipation with or without uro-gynecological symptoms and to assess clinical outcomes following laparoscopic ileo-proctostomy. METHODS: Colon anatomy and cecal emptying time were assessed with plain films and fluoroscopy following a standardized test meal mixed with barium...
December 2, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912218/ileo-ileal-intussusception-as-an-unusual-cause-of-obscure-overt-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#9
Catarina Atalaia-Martins, Sandra Barbeiro, Pedro Marcos, Bruno Arroja, Cláudia Gonçalves, Maria Fernanda-Cunha, Paulo Alves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875281/effect-of-liraglutide-treatment-on-jejunostomy-output-in-patients-with-short-bowel-syndrome-an-open-label-pilot-study
#10
Mark Hvistendahl, Christopher Filtenborg Brandt, Siri Tribler, Rahim Mohammad Naimi, Bolette Hartmann, Jens Juul Holst, Jens Frederik Rehfeld, Mads Hornum, Jens Rikardt Andersen, Birthe Merete Henriksen, Per Brøbech Mortensen, Palle Bekker Jeppesen
BACKGROUND: An impaired hormonal "ileo-colonic brake" may contribute to rapid gastric emptying, gastric hypersecretion, high ostomy losses, and the need for parenteral support in end-jejunostomy short bowel syndrome (SBS) patients with intestinal failure (IF). Liraglutide, a glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist, may reduce gastric hypersecretion and dampen gastric emptying, thereby improving conditions for intestinal absorption. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In an 8-week, open-label pilot study, liraglutide was given subcutaneously once daily to 8 end-jejunostomy patients, aged 63...
October 3, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830519/postoperative-mortality-and-morbidity-in-older-patients-undergoing-emergency-right-hemicolectomy-for-colon-cancer
#11
Renata Tabola, George Mantese, Roberto Cirocchi, Alessandro Gemini, Veronica Grassi, Carlo Boselli, Stefano Avenia, Alessandro Sanguinetti, Nicola Avenia, Maciej Sroczynski, Jaroslaw Wierzbicki
INTRODUCTION: Even with the advances in surgical technique and perioperative care, morbidity and mortality after colorectal cancer surgery remain considerable, and patients (pt) who present as an emergency have an even higher mortality and morbidity rate. METHODS: A total of 35 pt with caecum or ascending colon cancer between January 2007 and June 2015, three departments in Italy and in Poland, were included in the study. The intention of surgery in all cases was curative resection with ileo-colic anastomosis...
November 9, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822614/outcome-and-functional-prognosis-of-pelvic-sepsis-after-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-in-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis
#12
Shozo Ide, Toshimitsu Araki, Yoshiki Okita, Mikio Kawamura, Yuji Toiyama, Minako Kobayashi, Masaki Ohi, Koji Tanaka, Yasuhiro Inoue, Keiichi Uchida, Yasuhiko Mohri, Masato Kusunoki
PURPOSE: Restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis is a surgical procedure for ulcerative colitis, but pouch failure or pelvic sepsis still occurs in some patients. We conducted this study to investigate the cause of pouch failure and evaluate defecatory function after pelvic sepsis. METHODS: A total of 234 patients who underwent restorative proctocolectomy were enrolled. We analyzed the cause of pouch failure, as well as defecatory function and manometric outcomes, with and without the complication of pelvic sepsis...
November 7, 2016: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771059/experimental-infection-of-new-zealand-merino-sheep-with-a-suspension-of-mycobacterium-avium-subspecies-paratuberculosis-map-strain-telford-kinetics-of-the-immune-response-histopathology-and-map-culture
#13
Venkata S R Dukkipati, Anne L Ridler, Keith G Thompson, Bryce M Buddle, Barry A Hedgespeth, Marian Price-Carter, Douglas J Begg, Richard J Whittington, Brigitte Gicquel, Alan Murray
A long-term study was undertaken to monitor immune responses, faecal cultures and clinical disease in sheep experimentally infected with Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (Map) strain Telford. New Zealand Merino lambs (N=56) were challenged with three oral doses of Map suspension. The lambs were weighed and faecal and blood samples obtained at different time-points. At 63 weeks post-challenge, surviving sheep were euthanised and samples of liver, ileo-caecal valve and mesenteric lymph node were collected for histopathology and Map culture...
November 15, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764889/circumferentially-oversewn-inverted-stapled-anastomosis
#14
Charbel Karam, Sally Lord, Rohan Gett, Alan P Meagher
BACKGROUND: Leak rates of over 5% following anastomoses between the ileum and colon continue to be reported in large series and are associated with substantial morbidity and with mortality rates of 10-20%. In 1994, we began performing circumferentially oversewn inverted stapled anastomoses in patients undergoing ileo-colic anastomoses or ileostomy closure. It has become increasingly apparent that this method is associated with a low risk of leakage, which we should report. METHODS: The anastomotic technique described was used in all patients undergoing ileo-colic anastomosis or closure of ileostomy by surgeon 1 (1994-2015) and in all ileo-colic anastomoses by surgeon 2 (2007-2015)...
October 20, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761722/robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-biliopancreatic-diversion-vertical-sleeve-gastrectomy-with-traditional-roux-en-y-duodenal-switch
#15
Muhammad A Jawad, Lars Nelson, Rena C Moon, Andre F Teixeira
BACKGROUND: Although effective, duodenal switch can be a complicated and time-consuming operation for surgeons. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to present our technique of biliopancreatic diversion and vertical sleeve gastrectomy, creating a 150-cm common channel and a 100-cm alimentary limb. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A robot-assisted technique was utilized in creating a biliopancreatic diversion and vertical sleeve gastrectomy. RESULTS: Laparoscopy was used for marking stitches and then the robot was docked...
January 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682647/ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-20%C3%A2-years-later-is-it-still-a-good-surgical-option-for-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis
#16
Gentilini Lorenzo, Coscia Maurizio, Lombardi Pietro Maria, Marta Tanzanu, Laureti Silvio, Podda Mariangela, Poggioli Gilberto
PURPOSE: Short-term results after ileo-pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) are well established; data are conflicting in long-standing patients. We retrospectively evaluated long-term complications and functional results after follow-up longer than 20 years. METHODS: Two hundred five patients with follow-up longer than 20 years have been identified out of 1112 IPAA performed in our institution; of these, 20 cases were lost at follow-up or decline to take part at the study...
December 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652039/subacute-intestinal-obstruction-by-enterolith-a-case-study
#17
V S Kappikeri, Akshay Mahesh Kriplani
INTRODUCTION: Enteroliths are an uncommon entity in humans and form a rare cause of subacute intestinal obstruction. They occur proximal to stricture or in a diverticulum or a blind loop due to stasis. CASE DESCRIPTION: 40 years male presenting with intermittent right lower abdominal pain since 1 year. Barium meal follow-through and CT abdomen diagnosed as a case of subacute intestinal obstruction with an enterolith in the distal ileal segment. On exploratory laparotomy multiple ileal strictures with mesenteric adhesions were noted...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622898/paediatric-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-and-european-society-of-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-guidelines
#18
Mike Thomson, Andrea Tringali, Jean-Marc Dumonceau, Marta Tavares, Merit M Tabbers, Raoul Furlano, Manon Spaander, Cesare Hassan, Christos Tzvinikos, Hanneke Ijsselstijn, Jérôme Viala, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Marc Benninga, Rok Orel, Yvan Vandenplas, Radan Keil, Claudio Romano, Eva Brownstone, Štěpán Hlava, Patrick Gerner, Werner Dolak, Rosario Landi, Wolf D Huber, Simon Everett, Andreas Vecsei, Lars Aabakken, Jorge Amil-Dias, Alessandro Zambelli
This guideline refers to infants, children, and adolescents ages 0 to 18 years. The areas covered include indications for diagnostic and therapeutic esophagogastroduodenoscopy and ileocolonoscopy; endoscopy for foreign body ingestion; corrosive ingestion and stricture/stenosis endoscopic management; upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding; endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography; and endoscopic ultrasonography. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and endoscopy specific to inflammatory bowel disease has been dealt with in other guidelines and are therefore not mentioned in this guideline...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622418/ileo-colic-intussusception-by-ileo-cecal-valve-lipoma-an-infrequent-ultrasonographic-occurrence-a-case-report
#19
Bogdan Stancu, Alexandra Chira, Romeo Ioan Chira, Ioana Grigorescu, Claudia Diana Gherman, Dan Lucian Dumitraşcu
We present a rare cause of intestinal obstruction in an adult, due to ileo-colic intussusception by a lipoma of the ileo-cecal valve and its ultrasonographic presentation. The case presented in emergency for spontaneously appearing and disappearing palpable elastic mass in the right iliac fossa. The ultrasonographic examination raised the suspicion of an ileo-colic intussusception due to a polypoid tumor. The contrast-enhanced computed tomography confirmed the finding and suggested that the polypoid tumor was more likely a lipoma...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565523/level-of-fecal-calprotectin-correlates-with-severity-of%C3%A2-small%C3%A2-bowel-crohn-s-disease-measured-by-balloon-assisted%C3%A2-enteroscopy-and-computed-tomography%C3%A2-enterography
#20
Tsunetaka Arai, Ken Takeuchi, Miyuki Miyamura, Rumiko Ishikawa, Akihiro Yamada, Masao Katsumata, Yoshinori Igarashi, Yasuo Suzuki
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Previous studies have not found a correlation between fecal level of calprotectin and small bowel Crohn's disease (CD). However, these studies evaluated patients mainly by ileocolonoscopy, which views up to only the terminal ileum rather than entire small intestine. We investigated whether level of fecal calprotectin (FC) is a marker of active CD of the small bowel, identified by balloon-assisted enteroscopy and computed tomography enterography (CTE). METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 123 patients with CD (35 with ileitis, 72 with ileocolitis, and 16 with colitis) evaluated by balloon-assisted enteroscopy from May 2012 through July 2015 at Toho University Sakura Medical Centre in Japan...
January 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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