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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443978/characterisation-of-the-vascular-pathology-in-sigmodon-hispidus-rodentia-cricetidae-following-experimental-infection-with-angiostrongylus-costaricensis-nematoda-metastrongylidae
#1
Danielle Ingrid Bezerra de Vasconcelos, Ester Maria Mota, Marcelo Pelajo-Machado
BACKGROUND: Angiostrongylus costaricensis is a nematode that causes human abdominal angiostrongyliasis, a disease found mainly in Latin American countries and particularly in Brazil and Costa Rica. Its life cycle involves exploitation of both invertebrate and vertebrate hosts. Its natural reservoir is a vertebrate host, the cotton rat Sigmodon hispidus. The adult worms live in the ileo-colic branches of the upper mesenteric artery of S. hispidus, causing periarteritis. However, there is a lack of data on the development of vasculitis in the course of infection...
May 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431493/pan-intestinal-capsule-endoscopy-in-patients-with-postoperative-crohn-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#2
Johannes Hausmann, Renate Schmelz, Jens Walldorf, Natalie Filmann, Stefan Zeuzem, Jörg G Albert
BACKGROUND: Patients are at increased risk of disease recurrence after surgical treatment of Crohn's disease. Endoscopic detection of postoperative, ileo-colonic inflammation is well established, but the potential of pan-intestinal endoscopy is yet unknown. METHODS: This prospective multicenter pilot study assessed the value of pan-intestinal capsule endoscopy using a colon capsule endoscope for the detection of inflammatory recurrence of Crohn´s disease. Patients who had been operatively treated for Crohn´s disease were included...
April 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403326/characterisation-of-the-vascular-pathology-in-sigmodon-hispidus-rodentia-cricetidae-following-experimental-infection-with-angiostrongylus-costaricensis-nematoda-metastrongylidae
#3
Danielle Ingrid Bezerra de Vasconcelos, Ester Maria Mota, Marcelo Pelajo-Machado
BACKGROUND: Angiostrongylus costaricensis is a nematode that causes human abdominal angiostrongyliasis, a disease found mainly in Latin American countries and particularly in Brazil and Costa Rica. Its life cycle involves exploitation of both invertebrate and vertebrate hosts. Its natural reservoir is a vertebrate host, the cotton rat Sigmodon hispidus. The adult worms live in the ileo-colic branches of the upper mesenteric artery of S. hispidus, causing periarteritis. However, there is a lack of data on the development of vasculitis in the course of infection...
April 6, 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394957/-intestinal-failure-due-to-short-bowel-syndrome-impact-of-a-multidisciplinary-intestinal-rehabilitation-program
#4
María Elena Molina, Felipe Bellolio, Julieta Klaassen, Javier Gómez, Constanza Villalón, Juan Francisco Guerra, Álvaro Zúñiga
BACKGROUND: In patients suffering intestinal failure due to short bowel, the goal of an Intestinal Rehabilitation Program is to optimize and tailor all aspects of clinical management, and eventually, wean patients off lifelong parenteral nutrition. AIM: To report the results of our program in patients suffering intestinal failure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A registry of all patients referred to the Intestinal Failure unit between January 2009 and December 2015 was constructed...
November 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367709/the-microbial-fermentation-characteristics-depend-on-both-carbohydrate-source-and-heat-processing-a-model-experiment-with-ileo-cannulated-pigs
#5
Tina Skau Nielsen, Henry Jørgensen, Knud Erik Bach Knudsen, Helle Nygaard Lærke
The effects of carbohydrate (CHO) source and processing (extrusion cooking) on large intestinal fermentation products were studied in ileo-cannulated pigs as a model for humans. Pigs were fed diets containing barley, pea or a mixture of potato starch:wheat bran (PSWB) either raw or extrusion cooked. Extrusion cooking reduced the amount of starch fermented in the large intestine by 52-96% depending on the CHO source and the total pool of butyrate in the distal small intestine + large intestine by on average 60% across diets...
April 2, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357060/visceral-scalloping-on-abdominal-computed-tomography-due-to-abdominal-tuberculosis
#6
Vishal Sharma, Anmol Bhatia, Sarthak Malik, Navjeet Singh, Surinder S Rana
OBJECTIVE: Scalloping of visceral organs is described in pseudomyxoma peritonei, malignant ascites, among other conditions, but not tuberculosis. METHODS: We report findings from a retrospective study of patients with abdominal tuberculosis who had visceral scalloping on abdominal computed tomography (CT). Diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis was made on the basis of combination of clinical, biochemical, radiological and microbiological criteria. The clinical data, hematological and biochemical parameters, and findings of chest X-ray, CT, Mantoux test, and HIV serology were recorded...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346037/prognostic-significance-of-granulomas-in-children-with-crohn-s-disease
#7
Benjamin Rothschild, Firas Rinawi, Yonatan Herman, Osnat Nir, Raanan Shamir, Amit Assa
OBJECTIVES: Granulomas have long been considered the histological hallmark of Crohn's disease (CD). Currently, there is considerable dispute with regards to their prognostic implications. We aimed to determine the effect of granulomas on phenotypic features and disease's long-term outcomes in a large cohort of pediatric CD patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of pediatric CD patients diagnosed at the Schneider Children's Medical Center were reviewed retrospectively...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318090/caecal-bascule-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#8
Jin-Soo Park, Kheng-Seong Ng, Christopher J Young
BACKGROUND: Caecal bascule is a rare condition characterized by the inferior pole of the caecum folding on a horizontal axis antero-superiorly towards the ascending colon, potentially causing obstruction. An unusual variant of volvulus, diagnosis is challenging due to its obscurity. We present the experience of an Australian tertiary-referral hospital with the diagnosis/management of caecal bascule, and review cases reported in the literature to raise awareness of this uncommon diagnosis...
March 20, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303069/ileo-ileal-knot-a-rare-case-of-acute-strangulated-intestinal-obstruction
#9
Kohei Taniguchi, Ryo Iida, Tomohiko Watanabe, Masahiko Nitta, Masao Tomioka, Kazuhisa Uchiyama, Akira Takasu
Strangulated intestinal obstruction is one of the most common types of acute abdomen and requires urgent surgical treatment. Herein, we report a very rare case of strangulated intestinal obstruction caused by an ileo-ileal knot. An 80-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with suspicion of strangulation ileus and underwent emergency laparotomy after investigation by exploratory single-port laparoscopy. During surgery, a small bowel gangrene caused by an ileo-ileal knot was found. The gangrenous segment was resected, and primary anastomosis was performed...
February 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286192/endoscopic-and-histologic-healing-in-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-treated-with-thalidomide
#10
Marzia Lazzerini, Vincenzo Villanacci, Maria Chiara Pellegrin, Stefano Martelossi, Giuseppe Magazzù, Salvatore Pellegrino, Maria Cristina Lucanto, Arrigo Barabino, Angela Calvi, Serena Arrigo, Paolo Lionetti, Massimo Fontana, Giovanna Zuin, Giuseppe Maggiore, Matteo Bramuzzo, Massimo Maschio, Marianna Salemme, Stefania Manenti, Lorenzi Luisa, Giuliana Decorti, Marcella Montico, Alessandro Ventura
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Mucosal healing, determined by endoscopic evaluation, is one of the most important prognostic markers for patients with inflammatory bowel diseases. Findings from histologic evaluation, however, could complement findings from endoscopy in assessing mucosal responses to treatment. We analyzed long term results of children treated with thalidomide to determine the association between clinical response and histology and endoscopy findings. METHODS: We collected data from 2 multi-center trials of 70 children with refractory Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) (2-18 years old; ileo-colonic or colonic disease) given thalidomide or placebo (NCT00720538)...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263043/the-relationship-between-method-of-anastomosis-and-anastomotic-failure-after-right-hemicolectomy-and-ileo-caecal-resection-an-international-snapshot-audit
#11
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Anastomosis technique following right sided colonic resection is widely variable and may affect patient outcomes. This study aimed to assess the association between leak and anastomosis technique (stapled versus handsewn) METHODS: This was a prospective, multicentre, international audit including patients undergoing elective or emergency right hemicolectomy or ileo-caecal resection operations over a two-month period in early 2015. The primary outcome measure was the presence of anastomotic leak within 30 days of surgery, using a pre-specified definition...
March 6, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258628/intracorporeal-anastomoses-in-emergency-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery-from-a-series-of-59-cases-where-and-how-to-do-it-a-technical-note
#12
Salomone Di Saverio, Arianna Birindelli, Matteo Mandrioli, Mauro Podda, Gian Andrea Binda
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopy offers the benefits of minimally invasive surgery and faster recovery. Acute surgical patients may potentially benefit from the greatest advantages of emergency laparoscopy, even more clinically relevant in acute rather than elective patients. Fashioning a laparoscopic intra-corporeal anastomosis (ICA) after emergent colorectal resection, whenever technically feasible and non-contraindicated for the patients' general and hemodynamic condition, represents the most challenging technical skill to be learned...
March 4, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254387/colectomy-induces-an-aldosterone-mediated-increase-in-jejunal-glucose-uptake-in-rats
#13
Maha Khachab, Amjad Kanaan, Dania Awad, Elie Deeba, Samira Osman, Camille F Nassar
AIMS: The main function of the colon is water and electrolyte absorption. Total colectomy eliminates this colonic function and may alter the absorptive capacity of the small intestine for nutrients. This study examines the effect of total colectomy on jejunal glucose absorption and investigates the potential role of aldosterone in mediating the alterations in glucose uptake post-colectomy using the aldosterone antagonist spironolactone. MAIN METHODS: Total colectomy with ileo-rectal anastomosis was performed on anesthetized rats...
April 1, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247718/-technical-features-of-uretral-intestinoplasty-part-3-laparoscopic-ileo-and-appendiceal-ureteroplasty
#14
B K Komyakov, B G Guliev, V A Ochelenko
PURPOSE: Presentation of the results and the technical features of the laparoscopic intestinal and appendicular ureteroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2001 to 2015, intestinal and appendicular ureteroplasty was performed in 103 patients. ileum was used for the replacement of ureteral defects in 78 (75.7%) patients, appendix - in 21 (20.4%), and colon - in 4 (3.9%). In 10 (9.7%) cases, the surgery was performed laparoscopically. Among them, 7 patients underwent ileoureteroplasty (6 - laparoscopic ileoureterocystoanastomosis, 1 - right-sided laparoscopic ileoureterocystoanastomosis by Yang-Monti) and 3 patients underwent appendiceal ureteroplasty...
August 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247653/-technical-features-of-intestinal-ureteroplasty-part-1-left-sided-ileoureteroplasty
#15
B K Komyakov
AIM: To examine the results of intestinal ureteroplasty and present the technical features of left-sided ileoureteroplasty. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 2001 to 2015, 78 patients underwent isolated substitutions of the ureter using a segment of the ileum, including 57 (73.1%) one-sided and 21 (26.9%), two-sided. One patient underwent concurrent left ileoureterocystoplasty and right appendicular ureterocystoplasty. In two observations of duplicated ureter Wallace-type ileoureterocystoplasty was carried out...
April 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240037/meckel-s-diverticulum-perforated-by-a-fishbone-an-unusual-presentation
#16
Fernando Karel Fonseca Sosa
Finding a Meckel's diverticulum during a laparotomy is rare, operating on a patient for a complication of diverticulum is rare, but if this complication is the result of a perforation of the diverticulum by a foreign body, then we are in the presence of a medical curiosity. OBJECTIVE: To present the following case because despite being known, the etiological agent that caused the perforation is very unusual. METHOD: male 53 years old with a history of emergency surgically underwent surgery for acute appendicitis 10 years where he underwent an appendectomy and a non-complicated Meckel's diverticulum was identified...
February 27, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239325/crohn-s-disease-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-in-an-adolescent-patient-who-had-undergone-long-ileo-colonic-anastomosis-for-hirschsprung-s-disease-as-an-infant
#17
Ha Yeon Kim, Tae Wook Kim
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic, idiopathic, inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract. In rare cases, CD has been associated with Hirschsprung's disease (HD); however, the underlying pathophysiology of this and other comorbidities is not yet fully understood. In this report, we describe the case of a 17-year-old patient who was diagnosed with both CD and ankylosing spondylitis (AS), having undergone a long ileo-colonic anastomosis to treat HD at 12 months of age. To our knowledge, this is the first documented case of CD combined with AS in a patient with HD...
January 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229080/small-bowel-obstruction-due-to-a-giant-meckel-s-diverticulum
#18
Andreas Minh Luu, Kirsten Meurer, Torsten Herzog, Waldemar Uhl, Andrea Tannapfel, Chris Braumann
BACKGROUND: Meckel's diverticulum is the most common congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract, with an average length of 3 cm. Complications occur in 6.4% and most commonly include inflammation and gastrointestinal bleeding. Preoperative diagnosis is demanding and achieved in 4%. CASE REPORT: A 34-year-old otherwise healthy patient presented with an acute abdomen due to small bowel obstruction. Computed tomography scan could not identify the underlying cause...
December 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212351/black-box%C3%A2-gastrointestinal%C3%A2-tract-needs%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-prospects%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-gaining%C3%A2-insights%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-fate%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-fat-%C3%A2-protein-%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-starch%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-case%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-exocrine%C3%A2-pancreatic%C3%A2-insufficiency%C3%A2-by%C3%A2-using%C3%A2-fistulated%C3%A2-pigs
#19
REVIEW
Anne Mößeler, Josef Kamphues
Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) results in the maldigestion and malabsorption of nutrients. The digestive processes in humans and other monogastric species like rat and pig are characterized by a predominantly enzymatic digestion within the small intestine and microbial fermentation located in the hindgut. For protein, it is doctrine that only prececally absorbed amino acids can be transferred to the amino acid pool of the host, while postileal absorption of nitrogen-containing compounds occurs mainly in the form of ammonia, being a burden rather than a benefit for the organism...
February 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193213/a-case-report-of-spontaneous-umbilical-enterocutaneous-fistula-resulting-from-an-incarcerated-richter-s-hernia-with-a-brief-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Wei Chen, Lei Liu, Hui Huang, Mianxu Jiang, Tao Zhang
BACKGROUND: Richter's hernia is a high-risk ischaemic gastrointestinal disorder that is typically diagnosed in a delayed manner due to a lack of obvious symptoms. Spontaneous umbilical enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) resulting from an incarcerated Richter's hernia is extremely rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 62-year-old female presented with a chief complaint of recurrent umbilical region infection for the preceding 20 months with no symptoms of ileus. Preoperative CT and fistulography revealed an incarcerated Richter's hernia complicated by an ECF...
February 13, 2017: BMC Surgery
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