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FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT SCREEN

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145321/acupuncture-and-constraint-induced-movement-therapy-for-a-patient-with-chronic-stroke-one-year-follow-up-case-report
#1
Yuanyuan Jin, Xiaoqing Jin, Yidan Chen, Jianfang Zhu
RATIONALE: Spasticity is a widespread problem in chronic stroke. To date, no study has reported the long-term (up to 1 year) outcomes of acupuncture in combination with constraint-induced movement therapy in patients with chronic stroke. This report describes the successful addition of acupuncture on spasticity and arm function in a patient with chronic stroke and arm paresis. PATIENT CONCERNS: At screening, the patient was unable to voluntarily extend her interphalangeal or metacarpophalangeal joints beyond the 10 degrees required for constraint-induced movement therapy...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116044/the-predictive-value-of-videostroboscopy-in-the-assessment-of-premalignant-lesions-and-early-glottis-cancers
#2
Anna Rzepakowska, Ewelina Sielska-Badurek, Ewa Osuch-Wójcikiewicz, Maria Sobol, Kazimierz Niemczyk
OBJECTIVE: To assess the sensitivity and specificity of larngovideostroboscopy (LVS) in the diagnosis of precancerous and malignant lesions of the vocal folds. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 175 patients (128 men and 47 women), aged 19-88 years, mean age 61.5, who were admitted to the clinic with diagnosed premalignant conditions of vocal fold mucosa (leukoplakia, chronic hypertrophic inflammatory lesions) and thickening or tumor on the vocal fold, there was performed LVS before the laryngeal microsurgery...
August 31, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114527/effects-of-special-exercise-programs-on-functional-movement-screen-scores-and-injury-prevention-in-preprofessional-young-football-players
#3
Engin Dinc, Bekir Eray Kilinc, Muge Bulat, Yunus Turgay Erten, Bülent Bayraktar
To increase movement capacity and to reduce injury risk in young soccer players by implementing a special functional exercise program based on functional movement screen (FMS) and correctives. 67 young male athletes 14-19 years of age from a Super League Football Club Academy participated in the study. Functional movement patterns were evaluated with FMS assessment protocol. Deep squat, hurdle step, inline lunge, shoulder mobility, active straight leg raise, trunk stability push-up, and rotatory stability were examined in FMS...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111631/physical-performance-characteristics-between-male-and-female-youth-surfing-athletes
#4
Bruno A Ferreira da Silva, Filipe M Clemente
BACKGRAUND: Despite some knowledge about the fitness levels of elite surfers, there is limited published research examining gender differences, particularly in young athletes. The purpose of this study was to describe and compare the sex differences in physical performance characteristics of elite youth surfers. It was also aimed to study the association between physical performance variables. METHODS: This longitudinal prospective study was based on a total of twenty male and female youth surfers performed a battery of physical performance tests: anthropometrics, weight-bearing dorsiflexion test, Functional Movement Screen, lower extremity dynamic stability, lower limb dynamic strength, paddling and apnea test...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097201/chloroplast-protein-plgg1-is-involved-in-abscisic-acid-regulated-lateral-root-development-and-stomatal-movement-in-arabidopsis
#5
Huan Dong, Ling Bai, Jie Chang, Chun-Peng Song
The plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) plays a crucial role in root architecture; however, the molecular mechanism of ABA-regulated lateral root (LR) growth is not well known. We screened an Arabidopsis thaliana mutant with LR growth that was sensitive to ABA from a T-DNA insertion mutant library, which was an allelic mutant of plgg1-1, termed plgg1-2. PLGG1 encodes a chloroplast protein that transports plastidic glycolate and glycerate. The length and number of LRs at the root-hypocotyl junction of plgg1-1 and plgg1-2 were significantly impaired under exogenous ABA treatment, and the transgenic plant complementary lines of plgg1-2 restored LR growth in response to ABA...
October 31, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072092/can-rehabilitation-improve-the-health-and-well-being-in-friedreich-s-ataxia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Sarah C Milne, Louise A Corben, Melissa Roberts, Anna Murphy, Geneieve Tai, Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis, Eppie M Yiu, Martin B Delatycki
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a six-week rehabilitation programme followed by a home exercise programme for Friedreich's ataxia. DESIGN: Randomized, delayed-start control single-blind trial. SETTING: Outpatient rehabilitation centre. SUBJECTS: Ambulant or non-ambulant individuals with Friedreich's ataxia. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomized to a six-week outpatient rehabilitation programme, immediately (intervention group) or after a six-week delayed-start (control group)...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068019/a-microfluidic-device-for-partial-immobilization-chemical-exposure-and-behavioural-screening-of-zebrafish-larvae
#7
Asal Nady, Amir Reza Peimani, Georg Zoidl, Pouya Rezai
The zebrafish larva is an important vertebrate model for sensory-motor integration studies, genetic screening, and drug discovery because of its excellent characteristics such as optical transparency, genetic manipulability, and genetic similarity to humans. Operations such as precise manipulation of zebrafish larvae, controlled exposure to chemicals, and behavioural monitoring are of utmost importance to the abovementioned studies. In this work, a novel microfluidic device is presented to easily stabilize an individual larva's head using a microfluidic trap while leaving the majority of the body and the tail unhindered to move freely in a downstream chamber...
October 25, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067749/combined-brain-and-peripheral-nerve-stimulation-in-chronic-stroke-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-motor-impairment
#8
Isabella S Menezes, Leonardo G Cohen, Eduardo A Mello, André G Machado, Paul Hunter Peckham, Sarah M Anjos, Inara L Siqueira, Juliana Conti, Ela B Plow, Adriana B Conforto
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate effects of somatosensory stimulation in the form of repetitive peripheral nerve sensory stimulation (RPSS) in combination with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), tDCS alone, RPSS alone, or sham RPSS + tDCS as add-on interventions to training of wrist extension with functional electrical stimulation (FES), in chronic stroke patients with moderate to severe upper limb impairments in a crossover design. We hypothesized that the combination of RPSS and tDCS would enhance the effects of FES on active range of movement (ROM) of the paretic wrist to a greater extent than RPSS alone, tDCS alone or sham RPSS + tDCS...
October 25, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064343/the-effect-of-functional-movement-training-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Wei-Cheng Chao, Jui-Chi Shih, Kuan-Chung Chen, Ching-Lin Wu, Nai-Yuan Wu, Chien-Sheng Lo
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of functional movement screen (FMS) based functional exercise in patients after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). DESIGN: Randomized controlled single-blind trial. SETTING: Institutional, single center. PATIENTS: A total of 38 patients who underwent ACLR were recruited and randomly assigned to group 1 (n = 19) or group 2 (n = 19). INTERVENTIONS: Both groups received 6-month routine rehabilitation immediately after surgery...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062339/an-under-diagnosed-geriatric-syndrome-sleep-disorders-among-older-adults
#10
Asli Tufan, Birkan Ilhan, Gulistan Bahat, Mehmet Akif Karan
INTRODUCTION: Sleep disorders are commonly under-diagnosed in the geriatric population. We aimed to determine the prevalence of sleep problems among older adults admitted to the geriatrics out-patient clinic. METHODS: Two hundred and three patients (136 female) older than 75 years of age were included in the study. Patients underwent comprehensive geriatric assessment, including identification of sleep problems using the Sleep Disturbance Scale, Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) Single-Question Screen questionnaire (RBD1Q) and The Johns Hopkins Restless Leg Syndrome Severity Scale...
June 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059982/ambulatory-gastric-mucosal-slow-wave-recording-for-chronic-experimental-studies
#11
Niranchan Paskaranandavadivel, Timothy Angeli, Abigail Stocker, Lindsay McElmurray, Gregory O'Grady, Thomas Abell, Leo K Cheng
Dysrhythmic bioelectric slow wave activity have been implicated in major functional motility disorders such as gastroparesis and chronic unexplained nausea and vomiting, but its correlation to symptoms is still unclear. For patients with severe gastroparesis, high-frequency gastric stimulation is offered as a therapy in some centers. Temporary gastric electrical stimulation has also been proposed an approach to screen patients who would benefit from the implantation of a permanent stimulator. In this study we introduced novel methods for recording slow wave activity from the gastric mucosa during the entire temporary stimulation phase of 5 days, in 3 patients...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059121/reliability-and-validity-of-the-floor-transfer-test-as-a-measure-of-readiness-for-independent-living-among-older-adults
#12
Gunay Ardali, Lori T Brody, Rebecca A States, Ellen M Godwin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The ability to get up from the floor after a fall is a basic skill required for functional independence. Consequently, the inability to safely get down and up from the floor or to perform a floor transfer (FT) may indicate decreased mobility and/or increased frailty. A reliable and valid test of FT ability is a critical part of the clinical decision-making process. The FT test is a simple, performance-based test that can be administered quickly and easily to determine a patient's ability to safely and successfully get down and up from the floor using any movement strategy and without time restriction...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045473/identification-of-functionally-important-micrornas-from-rice-inflorescence-at-heading-stage-of-a-qdty4-1-qtl-bearing-near-isogenic-line-under-drought-conditions
#13
Boon Huat Cheah, Sudhir Jadhao, Madavan Vasudevan, Ratnam Wickneswari, Kalaivani Nadarajah
A cross between IR64 (high-yielding but drought-susceptible) and Aday Sel (drought-tolerant) rice cultivars yielded a stable line with enhanced grain yield under drought screening field trials at International Rice Research Institute. The major effect qDTY4.1 drought tolerance and yield QTL was detected in the IR77298-14-1-2-10 Backcrossed Inbred Line (BIL) and its IR87705-7-15-B Near Isogenic Line (NIL) with 93.9% genetic similarity to IR64. Although rice yield is extremely susceptible to water stress at reproductive stage, currently, there is only one report on the detection of drought-responsive microRNAs in inflorescence tissue of a Japonica rice line...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031740/eyetracking-metrics-reveal-impaired-spatial-anticipation-in-behavioural-variant-frontotemporal-dementia
#14
Silvia Primativo, Camilla Clark, Keir X X Yong, Nicholas C Firth, Jennifer Nicholas, Daniel Alexander, Jason D Warren, Jonathan D Rohrer, Sebastian J Crutch
Eyetracking technology has had limited application in the dementia field to date, with most studies attempting to discriminate syndrome subgroups on the basis of basic oculomotor functions rather than higher-order cognitive abilities. Eyetracking-based tasks may also offer opportunities to reduce or ameliorate problems associated with standard paper-and-pencil cognitive tests such as the complexity and linguistic demands of verbal test instructions, and the problems of tiredness and attention associated with lengthy tasks that generate few data points at a slow rate...
October 12, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028805/what-drives-slow-wave-activity-during-early-non-rem-sleep-learning-during-prior-wake-or-effort
#15
Ziyang Li, Aarohi B Sheth, Bhavin R Sheth
What is the function of sleep in humans? One claim is that sleep consolidates learning. Slow wave activity (SWA), i.e. slow oscillations of frequency < 4 Hz, has been observed in electroencephalograms (EEG) during sleep; it increases with prior wakefulness and decreases with sleep. Studies have claimed that increase in SWA in specific regions of the sleeping brain is correlated with overnight improved performance, i.e. overnight consolidation, on a demanding motor learning task. We wondered if SWA change during sleep is attributable to overnight consolidation or to metabolic demand...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021837/the-bssg-rat-model-of-parkinson-s-disease-progressing-towards-a-valid-predictive-model-of-disease
#16
REVIEW
Jackalina M Van Kampen, Harold A Robertson
ABSTRACT: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder, classically considered a movement disorder. A great deal is known about the anatomical connections and neuropathology and pharmacological changes of PD, as they relate to the loss of dopaminergic function and the appearance of cardinal motor symptoms. Our understanding of the role of dopamine in PD has led to the development of effective pharmacological treatments of the motor symptoms in the form of dopamine replacement therapy using levodopa and dopaminergic agonists...
September 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019743/injury-prevention-in-male-youth-soccer-current-practices-and-perceptions-of-practitioners-working-at-elite-english-academies
#17
Paul J Read, Pablo Jimenez, Jon L Oliver, Rhodri S Lloyd
Forty-one practitioners inclusive of physiotherapists, sports scientists and strength and conditioning coaches from the academies of elite soccer clubs in the United Kingdom completed an on-line questionnaire which examined their: (1) background information; (2) perceptions of injury occurrence and risk factors; (3) screening and return to play; and (4) approach to designing and delivering injury prevention programmes with a response rate of 55% (41/75). Contact injuries were the most common mechanism reported and players between 13-16 years of age were perceived to be at the greatest risk...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956639/gender-may-have-an-influence-on-the-relationship-between-functional-movement-screen-scores-and-gait-parameters-in-elite-junior-athletes-a-pilot-study
#18
N Magyari, V Szakács, C Bartha, B Szilágyi, K Galamb, M O Magyar, T Hortobágyi, R M Kiss, J Tihanyi, J Négyesi
Aims The aim of this study was to examine the effects of gender on the relationship between Functional Movement Screen (FMS) and treadmill-based gait parameters. Methods Twenty elite junior athletes (10 women and 10 men) performed the FMS tests and gait analysis at a fixed speed. Between-gender differences were calculated for the relationship between FMS test scores and gait parameters, such as foot rotation, step length, and length of gait line. Results Gender did not affect the relationship between FMS and treadmill-based gait parameters...
September 1, 2017: Physiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952489/3d-printing-of-organs-on-chips
#19
REVIEW
Hee-Gyeong Yi, Hyungseok Lee, Dong-Woo Cho
Organ-on-a-chip engineering aims to create artificial living organs that mimic the complex and physiological responses of real organs, in order to test drugs by precisely manipulating the cells and their microenvironments. To achieve this, the artificial organs should to be microfabricated with an extracellular matrix (ECM) and various types of cells, and should recapitulate morphogenesis, cell differentiation, and functions according to the native organ. A promising strategy is 3D printing, which precisely controls the spatial distribution and layer-by-layer assembly of cells, ECMs, and other biomaterials...
January 25, 2017: Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942943/a-compartmentalized-culture-device-for-studying-the-axons-of-cns-neurons
#20
Mei-Yun Cheng, Hsing-Hua Ho, Tsung-Kai Huang, Chih-Fan Chuang, Hui-Yu Chen, Hui-Wen Chung, Wan-Chong Leong, Wen-Cheng Yang, Chien-Chung Fu, Yun-Hsin Hsu, Yen-Chung Chang
We report here the development of a compartmentalized culture device that allows the spatial separation of the somatodendrites and axons of central nervous system (CNS) neurons. The device consists of two compartments separated by a septum constructed by attaching a porous polycarbonate track etch (PCTE) filter on top of a microchannel-filled polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membrane. The surface and microchannels of the septum are coated and filled, respectively, with materials that support neuron growth and neurite migration...
September 21, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
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