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FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT SCREEN

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727641/decreased-average-power-of-the-hip-external-muscles-as-a-predictive-parameter-for-lower-extremity-injury-in-women-a-prospective-study
#1
Ruth Verrelst, Damien Van Tiggelen, Roel De Ridder, Erik Witvrouw
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively identify hip strength associated risk factors contributing to the development of lower extremity (LE) injury. DESIGN: Data were prospectively collected on healthy female physical education students. SETTING: This study was conducted in the institution of the University of Ghent. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-nine female physical education students aged 19.53 ± 1.07 years. ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS: Testing included isokinetic hip strength measurements of abductors, adductors, internal rotators, and external rotators (ERs)...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720075/physical-activity-body-functions-and-disability-among-middle-aged-and-older-spanish-adults
#2
Alexandre Caron, Alba Ayala, Javier Damián, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, Javier Almazán, Juan Manuel Castellote, Madgalena Comin, Maria João Forjaz, Jesús de Pedro
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is a health determinant among middle-aged and older adults. In contrast, poor health is expected to have a negative impact on PA. This study sought to assess to what extent specific International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) health components were associated with PA among older adults. METHODS: We used a sample of 864 persons aged ≥50 years, positively screened for disability or cognition in a cross-sectional community survey in Spain...
July 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715271/comparison-of-trunk-impairment-scale-versions-1-0-and-2-0-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-validation-study
#3
Ylva Nilsagård, Anna Carling, Oskar Davidsson, Lisbeth Franzén, Anette Forsberg
BACKGROUND: Trunk control impairment often accompanies multiple sclerosis (MS). Trunk stability is necessary for movements of extremities, as are selective trunk movements for normal gait. Measuring trunk function is thus of interest. METHODS: We examined the relationships between the Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS1.0 and TIS2.0) and the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), 5 sit-to-stand test (5STS), Timed Up and Go test (TUG), 10-m timed walk test (10TW), 2-min walk test (2MWT), Falls Efficacy Scale - International, and 12-item MS Walking Scale (MSWS-12) in 47 outpatients...
July 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714791/influence-of-body-composition-on-functional-movement-screen%C3%A2-scores-in-collegiate-football-players
#4
Constantine P Nicolozakes, Daniel K Schneider, Ben Rower, James Borchers, Timothy E Hewett
CONTEXT: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) is used to identify movement asymmetries and deficiencies. While obesity has been reported to impede movement, the correlation between body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage (BF%), and FMS™ in athletes is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is a relationship between BMI, BF%, and FMS™ scores in a sample of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I football athletes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705044/the-genetics-of-hair-cell-function-in-zebrafish
#5
Teresa Nicolson
Our ears are remarkable sensory organs, providing the important senses of balance and hearing. The complex structure of the inner ear, or 'labyrinth', along with the assorted neuroepithelia, have evolved to detect head movements and sounds with impressive sensitivity. The rub is that the inner ear is highly vulnerable to genetic lesions and environmental insults. According to National Institute of Health estimates, hearing loss is one of the most commonly inherited or acquired sensorineural diseases. To understand the causes of deafness and balance disorders, it is imperative to understand the underlying biology of the inner ear, especially the inner workings of the sensory receptors...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Neurogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696012/inhibition-of-snk-spar-signaling-pathway-promotes-the-restoration-of-motor-function-in-a-rat-model-of-ischemic-stroke
#6
Qing-Yu Fan, Jing-Jie Liu, Gui-Lian Zhang, Hai-Qin Wu, Ru Zhang, Shu-Qin Zhan, Na Liu
This study aimed to investigate the effects of SPAR signaling pathway on the restoration of motor function in ischemic stroke (IS). Sprague-Dawley male rats were separated into the control and sham groups, as well as the group for middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model establishment. Successfully established rat ischemic models were randomly divided into model, SNK(MCAO-del) and pcDNA3.1-SNK groups. The evaluation of motor function among the rats in each group was assessed using a balance beam, a screen test and the Garcia scoring method...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692958/grift-a-device-for-quantifying-physiological-and-pathological-mirror-movements-in-children
#7
E Jaspers, K Klingels, C Simon-Martinez, H Feys, D G Woolley, N Wenderoth
Mirror movements (MM) typically occur during unilateral actions and manifest as involuntary muscle activity of the passive limb, which "mirror" voluntary actions executed by the contralateral homologous body part. They are a normal motor feature in young children and gradually disappear during the first decade of life. In children suffering from neurological disorders, e.g. due to an early brain lesion as in unilateral cerebral palsy, the amplitude and occurrence of MM has been proposed to yield relevant information for diagnosis and therapy...
July 5, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680701/finger-and-foot-tapping-as-alternative-outcomes-of-upper-and-lower-extremity-function-in-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Makoto Tanigawa, Jason Stein, John Park, Peter Kosa, Irene Cortese, Bibiana Bielekova
BACKGROUND: While magnetic resonance imaging contrast-enhancing lesions represent an excellent screening tool for disease-modifying treatments in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), this biomarker is insensitive for testing therapies against compartmentalized inflammation in progressive multiple sclerosis (MS). Therefore, alternative sensitive outcomes are needed. Using machine learning, clinician-acquired disability scales can be combined with timed measures of neurological functions such as walking speed (e...
January 2017: Multiple Sclerosis Journal—Experimental, Translational and Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674492/aberrant-intrinsic-activity-and-connectivity-in-cognitively-normal-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Deborah L Harrington, Qian Shen, Gabriel N Castillo, J Vincent Filoteo, Irene Litvan, Colleen Takahashi, Chelsea French
Disturbances in intrinsic activity during resting-state functional MRI (rsfMRI) are common in Parkinson's disease (PD), but have largely been studied in a priori defined subnetworks. The cognitive significance of abnormal intrinsic activity is also poorly understood, as are abnormalities that precede the onset of mild cognitive impairment. To address these limitations, we leveraged three different analytic approaches to identify disturbances in rsfMRI metrics in 31 cognitively normal PD patients (PD-CN) and 30 healthy adults...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672863/development-of-a-computer-writing-system-based-on-eog
#10
Alberto López, Francisco Ferrero, David Yangüela, Constantina Álvarez, Octavian Postolache
The development of a novel computer writing system based on eye movements is introduced herein. A system of these characteristics requires the consideration of three subsystems: (1) A hardware device for the acquisition and transmission of the signals generated by eye movement to the computer; (2) A software application that allows, among other functions, data processing in order to minimize noise and classify signals; and (3) A graphical interface that allows the user to write text easily on the computer screen using eye movements only...
June 26, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666180/history-of-cannabis-use-is-associated-with-altered-gait
#11
Verity Pearson-Dennett, Gabrielle Todd, Robert A Wilcox, Adam P Vogel, Jason M White, Dominic Thewlis
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence that cannabinoid receptors are located in movement-related brain regions (e.g., basal ganglia, cerebral cortex, and cerebellum), and that chronic cannabis use is associated with structural and functional brain changes, little is known about the long-term effect of cannabis use on human movement. The aim of the current study was to investigate balance and walking gait in adults with a history of cannabis use. We hypothesised that cannabis use is associated with subtle changes in gait and balance that are insufficient in magnitude for detection in a clinical setting...
June 21, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662238/use-of-audiometric-measurement-for-assessment-of-vocal-fold-function-in-postextubation-infants
#12
Yi-Chun Carol Liu, Indu Varier, Julina Ongkasuwan
Importance: Infants with vocal-fold motion impairment (VFMI) have an increased risk of aspiration and pulmonary complications. Flexible nasolaryngoscopy (FNL) is the gold standard for evaluation of vocal-fold mobility. Although safe, FNL causes measurable physiologic changes. Noxious stimuli, especially in neonates in the cardiovascular intensive care unit, may cause imbalance between the pulmonary and systemic circulations and potentially circulatory collapse. Objective: To examine whether bedside measurement of infant cry volume using a smartphone application can be a screening tool for vocal-fold movement in FNL...
June 29, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659510/swedish-massage-a-systematic-review-of-its-physical-and-psychological-benefits
#13
Débora M Barreto, Marcus V A Batista
Context • Swedish massage is the systematic application of manual pressure and the movement of soft tissue, with rhythmical pressure and stroking to obtain or maintain health. Studies have revealed its many benefits. Objective • The aim of the current study was to determine the results of past studies that evaluated the benefits of Swedish massage for various populations and to highlight its relevance as an alternative medical practice in health promotion and disease prevention. Methods • The research team performed a review of the literature using the key terms massage, relaxation, and benefits of massage...
April 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647021/reprint-of-minimizing-noise-in-pediatric-task-based-functional-mri-adolescents-with-developmental-disabilities-and-typical-development
#14
Catherine Fassbender, Prerona Mukherjee, Julie B Schweitzer
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) represents a powerful tool with which to examine brain functioning and development in typically developing pediatric groups as well as children and adolescents with clinical disorders. However, fMRI data can be highly susceptible to misinterpretation due to the effects of excessive levels of noise, often related to head motion. Imaging children, especially with developmental disorders, requires extra considerations related to hyperactivity, anxiety and the ability to perform and maintain attention to the fMRI paradigm...
July 1, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641235/computer-aided-training-sensorimotor-cortex-functions-in-humans-before-the-upper-limb-transplantation-using-virtual-reality-and-sensory-feedback
#15
Marek Kurzynski, Anna Jaskolska, Jaroslaw Marusiak, Andrzej Wolczowski, Przemyslaw Bierut, Lukasz Szumowski, Jerzy Witkowski, Katarzyna Kisiel-Sajewicz
One of the biggest problems of upper limb transplantation is lack of certainty as to whether a patient will be able to control voluntary movements of transplanted hands. Based on findings of the recent research on brain cortex plasticity, a premise can be drawn that mental training supported with visual and sensory feedback can cause structural and functional reorganization of the sensorimotor cortex, which leads to recovery of function associated with the control of movements performed by the upper limbs. In this study, authors - based on the above observations - propose the computer-aided training (CAT) system, which generating visual and sensory stimuli, should enhance the effectiveness of mental training applied to humans before upper limb transplantation...
June 15, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610652/novel-insights-into-the-role-of-cell-free-seminal-mrnas-on-semen-quality-and-cryotolerance-of-spermatozoa-in-bulls-bos-taurus
#16
Munivenkatappa Shilpa, Sellappan Selvaraju, Venkataswamy GirishKumar, Sivashanmugam Parthipan, Krishnan B Binsila, Arunachalam Arangasamy, Janivara Parameshwaraiah Ravindra
The aim of the present study was to ascertain the effectiveness of seminal plasma mRNAs as markers to assess the reproductive performance of bulls. Semen samples (33 ejaculates) from 11 bulls were evaluated for sperm kinematic and functional parameters. Total RNA was isolated from cell-free seminal (cfs) using TRIzol LS reagent and the concentration of cfs-RNA was 24.4±2.3µgmL-1 seminal plasma. The cfs-RNA was fragmented to a size of 25-500bp. Of the cfs-mRNAs screened using real time PCR, expression of protamine 1 (PRM1) was positively (P<0...
June 14, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605316/examining-differences-in-movement-competency-in-professional-baseball-players-born-in-the-united-states-and-dominican-republic
#17
Garrett S Bullock, Taylor Chapman, Thomas Joyce, Robert Prengle, Taylor Stern, Robert J Butler
CONTEXT: Dominican Republic (DR) players have different training norms, which can affect their resiliency and performance. The variance among DR players training regimens may be influenced by the degree of training incorporating fundamental movement patterns. OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in fundamental movement patterns in United States (US) versus DR born professional baseball players. PARTICIPANTS: 142 players (76 DR and 66 US born) that were recently selected by an MLB team...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597694/everyday-functioning-of-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-and-impairments-in-executive-function-a-qualitative-investigation
#18
Aleksandra Kudlicka, John V Hindle, Laura E Spencer, Linda Clare
PURPOSE: Executive function is the key area of cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease. This study investigated how cognitive difficulties impact on everyday life of people with Parkinson's disease and their carers, and whether they explicitly mention executive-type difficulties. METHODS: Semistructured interviews with 11 people with Parkinson's disease and six carers were analyzed thematically. People with Parkinson's disease performed within the normal range on cognitive screening tests, but all had abnormal scores on tests of executive function...
June 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593095/load-enhanced-movement-quality-screening-and-tactical-athleticism-an-extension-of-evidence
#19
Stephen M Glass, Randy J Schmitz, Christopher K Rhea, Scott E Ross
BACKGROUND: Military organizations use movement quality screening for prediction of injury risk and performance potential. Currently, evidence of an association between movement quality and performance is limited. Recent work has demonstrated that external loading strengthens the relationship between movement screens and performance outcomes. Such loading may therefore steer us toward robust implementations of movement quality screens while maintaining their appeal as cost effective, field-expedient tools...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585674/real-time-video-streaming-to-surgical-loupe-mounted-head-up-display-for-navigated-meningioma-resection
#20
Roberto Diaz, Jang Yoon, Robert Chen, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa, Robert Wharen, Ricardo Komotar
AIM: Wearable technology interfaces with normal human movement and function, thereby enabling more efficient and adaptable use.We developed a wearable display system for use with intra-operative neuronavigation for brain tumor surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Google glass head-up display system was adapted to surgical loupes with a video-streaming integrated hardware and software device for display of the Stealth S7 navigation screen. Phantom trials of surface ventriculostomy were performed...
April 30, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
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