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Detergent pods

Rais Vohra, Serena Huntington, Yelena Fenik, Derek Phan, Nancy Ta, Richard J Geller
BACKGROUND: Single-use detergent sacs (SUDSs) represent a relatively new household hazard to children. Brand differences and packaging changes may contribute to differential risks with accidental exposure. We sought to identify high-risk features from SUDS exposures in children and to assess whether product packaging changed trends in SUDS exposures reported to poison centers. METHODS: In this institutional review board-approved, retrospective chart review of SUDS exposures from January 2013 to August 2015, deidentified case records of a large statewide poison control system were extracted and analyzed for clinical associations and trends...
May 2, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
M Thomas Quail
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Nursing
Alice Wang, Royal Law, Rebecca Lyons, Ekta Choudhary, Amy Wolkin, Joshua Schier
CONTEXT: The National Poison Data System (NPDS) is a database and surveillance system for US poison centers (PCs) call data. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC) use NPDS to identify incidents of potential public health significance. State health departments are notified by CDC of incidents identified by NPDS to be of potential public health significance. Our objective was to describe the public health impact of CDC's notifications and the use of NPDS data for surveillance...
December 13, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
Katherine A O'Donnell
Nonpharmaceutical household products are the most common substances involved in exploratory ingestions in young children. Fortunately, most of these products are not toxic if ingested in small volumes. However, there are several household products that have the potential to cause significant toxicity and, rarely, fatalities in young children. Key products reviewed in this article include alcohols, button batteries, corrosive cleaning products, laundry detergent pods, hydrocarbons, and magnets. [Pediatr Ann...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
Vincent R Lee, Michael Connolly, Diane P Calello
The American Association of Poison Control Centers' National Poison Data Surveillance System provides real-time toxico-surveillance and epidemiologic trends, and pediatric ingestions comprise most of those reports. The sequences in social and physical developmental milestones from young childhood to adolescence reveal the vulnerability of these age groups to a wide variety of potential poisonous ingestions. Most pediatric ingestions are exploratory. Some common agents associated with pediatric fatalities include disc batteries, laundry detergent "pods," opioid analgesics, acetaminophen, benzodiazepines, and amphetamines...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
Lucy Wang Halpern
Pods are responsible for over a quarter of toddlers' chemical ocular burns.
May 2017: American Journal of Nursing
S Albores-Moreno, J A Alayón-Gamboa, A J Ayala-Burgos, F J Solorio-Sánchez, C F Aguilar-Pérez, L Olivera-Castillo, J C Ku-Vera
An experiment was carried out to determine the effect of supplementing ground pods of Enterolobium cyclocarpum in a basal ration of Pennisetum purpureum grass on feed intake, rumen volatile fatty acids (VFAs), and protozoa and methane (CH4) production by hair sheep. Four male sheep (Pelibuey × Katahdin) with a mean live weight of 27.0 kg (SD ± 0.5) were supplemented with 0.00, 0.15, 0.30, and 0.45 kg of dry matter (DM) of E. cyclocarpum pods daily; equivalent to 0.00, 4.35, 8.70, and 13.05 g of crude saponins, respectively...
April 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Laura Settimi, Felice Giordano, Laura Lauria, Anna Celentano, Fabrizio Sesana, Franca Davanzo
OBJECTIVE: To analyse paediatric exposures to pod and traditional laundry detergents in Italy and changes in exposure trends. METHODS: Analyses of a series of patients aged <5 years and exposed to laundry detergents between September 2010 and June 2015, identified by the National Poison Control in Milan. RESULTS: In comparison with patients exposed to traditional laundry detergents (n=1150), a higher proportion of those exposed to pods (n=1649) were managed in hospital (68% vs 42%), had clinical effects (75% vs 22%) and moderate/high severity outcomes (13% vs <1%)...
February 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
R Sterling Haring, Isaac D Sheffield, Shannon Frattaroli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
Phayvanh P Sjogren, David E Skarda, Albert H Park
OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical presentations and management of detergent pod ingestion at a tertiary children's hospital. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of children diagnosed with detergent pod ingestion from June 2010 and March 2015. RESULTS: Nine cases of detergent pod ingestion were included over a 5-year period. The average age was 26.3 months (range, 11-43 months). Eight (89%) of the cases were female...
February 2017: Laryngoscope
Thomas A Swain, Gerald McGwin, Russell Griffin
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have reported that children are at risk of severe injuries from exposure to laundry detergent pods. For the first time, this study sought to compare demographic and exposure characteristics and risk among children exposed to pod and non-pod laundry detergents presenting to emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: Data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) from 2012-2014 were used. All observations with injuries involving laundry detergent (NEISS code 0949) were included in this study...
December 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Victor Nallathambi Gunaseelan
In this study, the biochemical CH4 potential, rate, biodegradability, NaOH treatment and the influence of chemical composition on CH4 yield of yard wastes generated from seven trees were examined. All the plant parts were sampled for their chemical composition and subjected to the biochemical CH4 potential assay. The component parts exhibited significant variation in biochemical CH4 potential, which was reflected in their ultimate CH4 yields that ranged from 109 to 382 ml g(-1) volatile solids added and their rate constants that ranged from 0...
March 2016: Waste Management & Research
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: American Journal of Nursing
Laura Wallis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: American Journal of Nursing
Paul E Stromberg, Michele H Burt, S Rutherfoord Rose, Kirk L Cumpston, Michael P Emswiler, Brandon K Wills
INTRODUCTION: Single-use laundry detergent pods (LDPs) were introduced to the United States in 2010 but had been available in Europe as early as 2001. Case reports of unintentional exposures noted vomiting, ocular injuries, respiratory depression, and central nervous system depression. We summarize clinical effects from unintentional LDP exposures reported to a single poison center over 15 months. METHODS: Electronic poison center records were searched using verbatim field and both product and generic codes to identify laundry pod exposures from January 1, 2012, through April 9, 2013...
March 2015: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Natasha Sidhu, Matthew W Jaeger
Concentrated liquid detergent pods are an emerging public health hazard, especially in pediatric patients. Ingestion is a more common route of exposure for liquid detergent pods compared with non-pod detergents and it tends to be associated with more severe adverse effects. We present 3 cases that demonstrate the varied clinical symptoms resulting from detergent pod ingestion. These cases not only demonstrate findings such as gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms but also show more rare neurological symptoms...
December 2014: Pediatric Emergency Care
Lauren I Karel, Michele C Handzel, Jamie M Rosini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
Rachel E Whitney, Carl R Baum, Paul L Aronson
Although ocular injury from alkaline household cleaning products is well described, there is less known about the significance and extent of injury with ocular exposure to detergent pods. We report a 12-month-old with diffuse corneal abrasion caused by ocular contact with a laundry detergent pod. In addition to the known risks with aspiration with detergent pods, the potential for severe ocular injury is important for parents and clinicians to recognize. Children with ocular exposure to detergent pods should seek immediate medical care...
February 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
Amanda L Valdez, Marcel J Casavant, Henry A Spiller, Thiphalak Chounthirath, Huiyun Xiang, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVE: Laundry detergent pods are a new product in the US marketplace. This study investigates the epidemiologic characteristics and outcomes of laundry detergent pod exposures among young children in the United States. METHODS: Using data from the National Poison Data System, exposures to laundry detergent pods among children younger than 6 years of age during 2012-2013 were investigated. RESULTS: There were 17 230 children younger than 6 years exposed to laundry detergent pods in 2012-2013...
December 2014: Pediatrics
Michael E Gray, Constance E West
Laundry and dishwasher detergent "pods" were introduced to the United States market in 2010 and are sold by several manufacturers. They represent a high percentage of household cleaning product exposure in the United Kingdom. We present a consecutive case series of 10 children seen in a 9-month period with corneal injuries from exposure to liquid detergent pods.
October 2014: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
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