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Detergent pods

S Albores-Moreno, J A Alayón-Gamboa, A J Ayala-Burgos, F J Solorio-Sánchez, C F Aguilar-Pérez, L Olivera-Castillo, J C Ku-Vera
An experiment was carried out to determine the effect of supplementing ground pods of Enterolobium cyclocarpum in a basal ration of Pennisetum purpureum grass on feed intake, rumen volatile fatty acids (VFAs), and protozoa and methane (CH4) production by hair sheep. Four male sheep (Pelibuey × Katahdin) with a mean live weight of 27.0 kg (SD ± 0.5) were supplemented with 0.00, 0.15, 0.30, and 0.45 kg of dry matter (DM) of E. cyclocarpum pods daily; equivalent to 0.00, 4.35, 8.70, and 13.05 g of crude saponins, respectively...
March 23, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Laura Settimi, Felice Giordano, Laura Lauria, Anna Celentano, Fabrizio Sesana, Franca Davanzo
OBJECTIVE: To analyse paediatric exposures to pod and traditional laundry detergents in Italy and changes in exposure trends. METHODS: Analyses of a series of patients aged <5 years and exposed to laundry detergents between September 2010 and June 2015, identified by the National Poison Control in Milan. RESULTS: In comparison with patients exposed to traditional laundry detergents (n=1150), a higher proportion of those exposed to pods (n=1649) were managed in hospital (68% vs 42%), had clinical effects (75% vs 22%) and moderate/high severity outcomes (13% vs <1%)...
February 10, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
R Sterling Haring, Isaac D Sheffield, Shannon Frattaroli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
Phayvanh P Sjogren, David E Skarda, Albert H Park
OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical presentations and management of detergent pod ingestion at a tertiary children's hospital. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of children diagnosed with detergent pod ingestion from June 2010 and March 2015. RESULTS: Nine cases of detergent pod ingestion were included over a 5-year period. The average age was 26.3 months (range, 11-43 months). Eight (89%) of the cases were female...
February 2017: Laryngoscope
Thomas A Swain, Gerald McGwin, Russell Griffin
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have reported that children are at risk of severe injuries from exposure to laundry detergent pods. For the first time, this study sought to compare demographic and exposure characteristics and risk among children exposed to pod and non-pod laundry detergents presenting to emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: Data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) from 2012-2014 were used. All observations with injuries involving laundry detergent (NEISS code 0949) were included in this study...
June 23, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Victor Nallathambi Gunaseelan
In this study, the biochemical CH4 potential, rate, biodegradability, NaOH treatment and the influence of chemical composition on CH4 yield of yard wastes generated from seven trees were examined. All the plant parts were sampled for their chemical composition and subjected to the biochemical CH4 potential assay. The component parts exhibited significant variation in biochemical CH4 potential, which was reflected in their ultimate CH4 yields that ranged from 109 to 382 ml g(-1) volatile solids added and their rate constants that ranged from 0...
March 2016: Waste Management & Research
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: American Journal of Nursing
Laura Wallis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: American Journal of Nursing
Paul E Stromberg, Michele H Burt, S Rutherfoord Rose, Kirk L Cumpston, Michael P Emswiler, Brandon K Wills
INTRODUCTION: Single-use laundry detergent pods (LDPs) were introduced to the United States in 2010 but had been available in Europe as early as 2001. Case reports of unintentional exposures noted vomiting, ocular injuries, respiratory depression, and central nervous system depression. We summarize clinical effects from unintentional LDP exposures reported to a single poison center over 15 months. METHODS: Electronic poison center records were searched using verbatim field and both product and generic codes to identify laundry pod exposures from January 1, 2012, through April 9, 2013...
March 2015: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Natasha Sidhu, Matthew W Jaeger
Concentrated liquid detergent pods are an emerging public health hazard, especially in pediatric patients. Ingestion is a more common route of exposure for liquid detergent pods compared with non-pod detergents and it tends to be associated with more severe adverse effects. We present 3 cases that demonstrate the varied clinical symptoms resulting from detergent pod ingestion. These cases not only demonstrate findings such as gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms but also show more rare neurological symptoms...
December 2014: Pediatric Emergency Care
Lauren I Karel, Michele C Handzel, Jamie M Rosini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
Rachel E Whitney, Carl R Baum, Paul L Aronson
Although ocular injury from alkaline household cleaning products is well described, there is less known about the significance and extent of injury with ocular exposure to detergent pods. We report a 12-month-old with diffuse corneal abrasion caused by ocular contact with a laundry detergent pod. In addition to the known risks with aspiration with detergent pods, the potential for severe ocular injury is important for parents and clinicians to recognize. Children with ocular exposure to detergent pods should seek immediate medical care...
February 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
Amanda L Valdez, Marcel J Casavant, Henry A Spiller, Thiphalak Chounthirath, Huiyun Xiang, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVE: Laundry detergent pods are a new product in the US marketplace. This study investigates the epidemiologic characteristics and outcomes of laundry detergent pod exposures among young children in the United States. METHODS: Using data from the National Poison Data System, exposures to laundry detergent pods among children younger than 6 years of age during 2012-2013 were investigated. RESULTS: There were 17 230 children younger than 6 years exposed to laundry detergent pods in 2012-2013...
December 2014: Pediatrics
Michael E Gray, Constance E West
Laundry and dishwasher detergent "pods" were introduced to the United States market in 2010 and are sold by several manufacturers. They represent a high percentage of household cleaning product exposure in the United Kingdom. We present a consecutive case series of 10 children seen in a 9-month period with corneal injuries from exposure to liquid detergent pods.
October 2014: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Sarika Singh, Purmina Dey Sarkar
UNLABELLED: Background. Thyroid hormones are the most important factors involved in the regulation of the basal metabolic condition, as well as in the oxidative metabolism. Hypothyroidism is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity, which cannot be fully explained by the atherogenic lipid profile observed in these patients. AIM: Study of serum lipids, tHcy, hs-CRP, MDA and PON-1 levels in SCH and overt Hypothyroidism: Before and After Therapy" METHODS: 100 hypothyroid (56 SCH and 44 OH) and 100 controls, with a mean age range 20-65 years were enrolled for this study...
August 20, 2014: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
M I Fortea, S López-Miranda, A Serrano-Martínez, P Hernández-Sánchez, M P Zafrilla, A Martínez-Cachá, E Núñez-Delicado
Peroxidase (POD) was extracted from red alga (Mastocarpus stellatus) using Triton X-114 and characterised by UV-spectrophotometry. Optimum activity using 2,2´-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazolinesulphonic acid) (ABTS) as the H-donor was obtained at pH 5.0. In the presence of the anionic detergent, sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), however, POD was inactivated at all the pH values studied and totally inactivated at 1mM SDS. When the enzyme was kinetically characterised, the KM and Vm values for ABTS were found to be 13mM and 40μM/min, respectively...
August 1, 2011: Food Chemistry
Enrique Loyra-Tzab, Luis Armando Sarmiento-Franco, Carlos Alfredo Sandoval-Castro, Ronald Herve Santos-Ricalde
The nutrient digestibility, nitrogen balance and in vivo metabolizable energy supply of Mucuna pruriens whole pods fed to growing Pelibuey lambs was investigated. Eight Pelibuey sheep housed in metabolic crates were fed increasing levels of Mucuna pruriens pods: 0 (control), 100 (Mucuna100), 200 (Mucuna200) and 300 (Mucuna300) g/kg dry matter. A quadratic (p<0.002) effect was observed for dry matter (DM), neutral detergent fibre (aNDF), nitrogen (N) and gross energy (GE) intakes with higher intakes in the Mucuna100 and Mucuna200 treatments...
July 2013: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Erika Smith, Erica Liebelt, Jan Nogueira
INTRODUCTION: Laundry detergent pod (LDP) exposures in children have resulted in several referrals to the emergency department. Signs and symptoms can include gastrointestinal symptoms (vomiting, drooling), neurological symptoms (depressed sensorium), or metabolic changes (lactic acidosis). There is limited literature on esophageal injury following LDP ingestions. CASE SERIES: We reviewed three cases of pediatric LDP ingestions that underwent an upper endoscopy in a tertiary care pediatric hospital...
September 2014: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
A Villa, C Médernach, N Arropetian, F Lagrange, J Langrand, R Garnier
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the toxicity of liquid detergent capsules for children. METHODS: Analysis of 684 consecutive cases from the Paris Poison Center (2011-2012). RESULTS: Most enquiries (97 %) concerned children 5 years of age or younger. The main circumstances of exposure were ingestion alone (72.4 %) or together with eye or skin contact (7.5 % and 7.3 %, respectively). The effects observed were generally due to the irritating properties of concentrated detergents: minor digestive disturbances (particularly vomiting in nearly 50 % of cases) after ingestion and conjunctivitis and/or keratitis after eye contact...
June 2014: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
I Claudet, R Honorat, A Casasoprana, E Grouteau, N Franchitto
UNLABELLED: New concentrated laundry pods, available on the European market for approximately 10 years, are associated with more severe intoxications compared to classic laundry detergents. AIM: To compare symptoms and severity after exposure to classic laundry detergents and new laundry pods in a pediatric population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study conducted between 1st January 2002 and 30th June 2013 including all laundry detergent exposure patients admitted to our tertiary level pediatric emergency unit...
June 2014: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
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