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Acheampong Yaw Amoateng, Phidelia Theresa Doegah, Christopher Udomboso
This study used data from the 2008 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey to investigate the association between selected socio-demographic factors and dietary behaviour as measured by fruit and vegetable consumption among a sample of 6139 young people aged 15-34 years in Ghana. Overall, fruit and vegetable consumption was low in young people, but females were likely to consume more fruit and vegetables than their male counterparts. Respondents from the Mande ethnic group, those who resided in rural areas and those living in the Brong/Ahafo, Ashanti and the Eastern regions consumed more fruit and vegetables than those from other regions...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
Justice Nonvignon, Genevieve Cecilia Aryeetey, Keziah L Malm, Samuel Agyei Agyemang, Vivian N A Aubyn, Nana Yaw Peprah, Constance N Bart-Plange, Moses Aikins
BACKGROUND: Despite the significant gains made globally in reducing the burden of malaria, the disease remains a major public health challenge, especially in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) including Ghana. There is a significant gap in financing malaria control globally. The private sector could become a significant source of financing malaria control. To get the private sector to appreciate the need to invest in malaria control, it is important to provide evidence of the economic burden of malaria on businesses...
2016: Malaria Journal
Jonathan Mensah Dapaah, Rachel Spronk
With the upscaling of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in resource-poor countries, many HIV-positive persons in Ghana have been accessing treatment in hospitals. Prevalence is relatively low compared to other African countries, 1.30%. HIV/AIDS remains heavily stigmatised in Ghana, which influences the provision and use of ART. This article investigates how HIV-positive persons accessing care and treatment go about their everyday lives in the ART clinic and how they have eventually come to see the clinic as a safe place that they call 'home'...
December 2016: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
Mariany Ashanty Morales, Bianca Marie Mendoza, Laura Corley Lavine, Mark Daniel Lavine, Douglas Bruce Walsh, Fang Zhu
Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) is an extensively used, high-throughput method to analyze transcriptional expression of genes of interest. An appropriate normalization strategy with reliable reference genes is required for calculating gene expression across diverse experimental conditions. In this study, we aim to identify the most stable reference genes for expression studies of xenobiotic adaptation in Tetranychus urticae, an extremely polyphagous herbivore causing significant yield reduction of agriculture...
2016: International Journal of Biological Sciences
Samuel Bosomprah, Winfred Dotse-Gborgbortsi, Patrick Aboagye, Zoe Matthews
OBJECTIVE: To identify and evaluate clusters of births that occurred outside health facilities in Ghana for targeted intervention. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using a convenience sample of live births registered in Ghanaian health facilities from January 1 to December 31, 2014. Data were extracted from the district health information system. A spatial scan statistic was used to investigate clusters of home births through a discrete Poisson probability model...
November 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Rauf Audu, Berko Panyin Anto, George Asumeng Koffuor, Akua Afriyie Abruquah, Kwame Ohene Buabeng
OBJECTIVE: Malaria rapid diagnostic test (MRDT) provides a good alternative to malaria microscopy diagnosis, particularly in resource-constrained settings. This study therefore evaluated MRDT in private retail pharmacies (PRPs) as a critical step in community case malaria management. METHODS: In a prospective, cross-over, validation survey at six PRPs in the Ashanti Region of Ghana, 1200 patients presenting with fever in the preceding 48 h were sampled. Fingerstick blood samples were collected for preparation of thick and thin blood films for malaria microscopy...
July 2016: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
Akosua Adom Agyeman, Richard Ofori-Asenso, Andy Mprah, George Ashiagbor
BACKGROUND: To fully understand the burden of hepatitis C (HCV) infection in Ghana towards informing appropriate preventive measures, accurate prevalence estimates are needed. In this study, we estimate the prevalence of chronic HCV infection by systematically reviewing primary studies published between 1995 and 2015. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted as per the PRISMA guidelines. Comprehensive searches for hepatitis C prevalence studies for the years 1995-2015 were conducted in PubMed, ScienceDirect, Google Scholar, Africa Journals Online (AJOL) and the WHO African Index Medicus databases...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Alexander Martin-Odoom, Evelyn Yayra Bonney, Derek Kofi Opoku
BACKGROUND: Patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) usually develop some form of ocular complication in the different segments of the eye due to immune deficiency. In Ghana, data regarding ocular complications among HIV/AIDS patients is scarce. This study investigated the occurrence of ocular complications in HIV infected patients undergoing antiretroviral therapy at the Agogo Presbyterian Hospital in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. METHODS: Blood samples were taken from 100 confirmed HIV infected patients...
2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Amelie Leva, Daniel Eibach, Ralf Krumkamp, Julia Käsmaier, Dennis Rubbenstroth, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Jürgen May, Egbert Tannich, Marcus Panning
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus is one of the leading causes of childhood diarrhoea worldwide. The highest disease burden is seen in resource-constrained settings of sub-Saharan Africa. Recently, commercial multiplex PCR panels proved their accuracy to diagnose infectious gastroenteritis in Europe and the USA. However, data on their performance using samples from tropical regions in general and to detect rotavirus in particular remains scant. We aimed to analyse the diagnostic performance of the Luminex xTAG gastrointestinal pathogens panel, a multiplex PCR, to detect rotavirus in stool samples from Ghanaian children...
2016: Virology Journal
Gladys Buruwaa Nuamah, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Kofi Mensah Akohene, Daniel Boateng, Dominic Dobin, Kwasi Addai-Donkor
BACKGROUND: Obstetric referrals, otherwise known as maternal referrals constitute an eminent component of emergency care, and key to ensuring safe delivery and reducing maternal and child mortalities. The efficiency of Obstetric referral systems is however marred by the lack of accessible transportation and socio-economic disparities in access to healthcare. This study evaluated the role of socio-economic factors, perception and transport availability in honouring Obstetric referrals from remote areas to referral centres...
2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
Jonathan Mensah Dapaah, Kodjo A Senah
BACKGROUND: While most studies on HIV/AIDS often identify stigmatization and patients' unwillingness to access health care as critical problems in the control of the pandemic, very few studies have focused on the possible consequences of accessing health care by sero-positives. This paper examines the socio-psychological trauma patients experience in their desire to access health care in two health facilities in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. METHODS: Through participant observation, informal conversation and in-depth interviews, data were collected from health workers and clients of the voluntary counselling (VCT) and antiretroviral therapy units in the two hospitals...
2016: BMC Medical Ethics
R Akuffo, J A M Brandful, A Zayed, A Adjei, N Watany, N T Fahmy, R Hughes, B Doman, S V Voegborlo, D Aziati, D Pratt, J A Awuni, N Adams, E Dueger
BACKGROUND: Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever Virus (CCHFV) is a zoonotic virus transmitted by Ixodid ticks and causes Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) disease in humans with up to 50 % mortality rate. METHODS: Freshly slaughtered livestock at the Kumasi abattoir in the Ashanti Region of Ghana were examined for the presence of ticks once a month over a 6-month period from May to November 2011. The ticks were grouped into pools by species, sex, and animal source...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Simon Edvardson, Yael Elbaz-Alon, Chaim Jalas, Ashanti Matlock, Krishna Patel, Katherine Labbé, Avraham Shaag, Jane E Jackman, Orly Elpeleg
Autosomal-recessive cerebellar atrophy is usually associated with inactivating mutations and early-onset presentation. The underlying molecular diagnosis suggests the involvement of neuronal survival pathways, but many mechanisms are still lacking and most patients elude genetic diagnosis. Using whole exome sequencing, we identified homozygous p.Val55Ala in the THG1L (tRNA-histidine guanylyltransferase 1 like) gene in three siblings who presented with cerebellar signs, developmental delay, dysarthria, and pyramidal signs and had cerebellar atrophy on brain MRI...
June 15, 2016: Neurogenetics
Mikael Petrosyan, Adham M Khalafallah, Ashanti L Franklin, Tina Doan, Timothy D Kane
PURPOSE: Minimally invasive procedures for enteral access in children have evolved over the years, resulting in various techniques of gastrostomy tube placement. The two most common techniques are laparoscopic gastrostomy (LG) and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). Our study compares the outcomes of both procedures exclusively in children under the age of five. METHODS: All procedures relating to enteral access in children <5 years of age were reviewed retrospectively from July 2009 to July of 2014 as approved by our Institutional Review Board...
July 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Felix Asante, Joseph Yaw Yeboah, Kabila Abass, Charlotte Monica Mensah, Lawrencia Pokuah Siaw
The impact of strong cultural beliefs on specific reasons for traditional medicine (TRM) use among individuals and populations has long been advanced in health care and spatio-medical literature. Yet, little has been done in Ghana and the Ashanti Region in particular to bring out the precise "pull" and "push" relative influences on TRM utilization. With a qualitative research approach involving rural and urban character, the study explored health beliefs and motivations for TRM use in Kumasi Metropolis and Sekyere South District, Ghana...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
Richard Ofori-Asenso, Akosua Adom Agyeman
BACKGROUND: Although, chronic hepatitis B (HBV) is considered to be of significant public health importance in Ghana, not many reviews detailing the burden (prevalence) of the disease have been conducted. This study was aimed at summarizing the available information and to make an accurate estimate of HBV infection prevalence in Ghana over the last two decades (1995-2015). METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, ScienceDirect, Google Scholar and Africa Journals Online (AJOL) databases to retrieve primary studies published between 1st January 1995 and 4th October 2015, assessing the prevalence of HBV among populations in Ghana...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Richard Ephraim, Isaac Donko, Samuel A Sakyi, Joyce Ampong, Hope Agbodjakey
BACKGROUND: Viral hepatitis is a serious public health problem affecting billions of people globally with maternal-fetal transmission on the rise. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the prevalence and factors associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections among pregnant women in the Asante Akim North Municipality, in the Ashanti region of Ghana. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study 168 pregnant women were recruited from the Agogo Presbyterian hospital...
September 2015: African Health Sciences
Papa Kofi Amissah-Reynolds, Isaac Monney, Lucy Mawusi Adowah, Samuel Opoku Agyemang
Dogs are popular pets that live closely with humans. However, this cohabitation allows for the transmission of zoonotic parasites to humans. In Ghana, very little is known about zoonotic parasites in dogs. We examined excrements of 154 dogs for intestinal helminthes using saturated sodium chloride as a floatation medium and further interviewed 100 dog owners regarding knowledge on zoonosis and pet management practices. Thirteen parasite species were identified, with an overall prevalence of 52.6%. Nematodes were more common than cestodes, with Toxocara canis being the most prevalent helminth (18...
2016: Journal of Parasitology Research
Charles Kwame R Gyamfi, Isaac Amankwaa, Frank Owusu Sekyere, Daniel Boateng
INTRODUCTION: Although quarry operations have high economic significance, the effects they cause to the workers in terms of excessive noise production cannot be overlooked. This cross-sectional study assessed the extent of noise exposure and its influence on hearing capabilities among quarry workers in Ashanti region. METHODS: The study involved 400 workers randomly selected from five quarries in Ashanti region from April to June 2012. Data was collected using structured questionnaires, physical examination, and audiological assessments...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Emmanuel Arhin, Musah S Zango
Ten samples of 100 g weight were subsampled from 1400 g of the clay balls from which the contained trace element levels were determined by X-ray fluorescence technique. The results of trace elements in the clay balls were calibrated using certified reference materials "MAJMON" and "BH-1." The results showed elevated concentrations but with different concentration levels in the regions, particularly with arsenic, chromium, cobalt, Cs, Zr and La. These trace elements contained in the clay balls are known to be hazardous to human health...
January 27, 2016: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
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