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Lovro Štefan, Maroje Sorić, Antonela Devrnja, Vilko Petrić, Marjeta Mišigoj-Duraković
Background Little is known about the concurrent change in physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior (SB) and sport participation (SP) during adolescence. The main purpose of this prospective and partly objective study was to simultaneously investigate PA, SBs and SP changes between the 1st and 2nd grades of high school in urban adolescents. Methods In this 1-year follow-up study, the participants were 81 secondary-school students (28 boys and 53 girls) aged 15.5 years at the baseline. PA was assessed with the SenseWear Armband multi-sensor activity monitor, while SBs were assessed by using School Health Action, Planning and Evaluation System (SHAPES) PA questionnaire...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Nikša Dulčić, Vlaho Brailo, Valentina Rezo, Marina Rukavina, Vedran Sablić, Ivica Pelivan
Objectives: The aim of the study was to establish the subjective perception of dental medicine students' knowledge and skills in prosthodontics and to determine both how their perception changed during their study, by gaining clinical experience. Also, the aim was to investigate if there were any socio-demographic factors that influenced students' perception. Methods: The research, based on an anonymous survey for dental medicine students was carried out at the School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb in 2015...
December 2017: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Alma Mihaljević-Peleš, Maja Bajs Janović, Ana Stručić, Marina Šagud, Milena Skočić HanŽek, Maja Živković, Špiro Janović
Despite controversy, ECT has been recognized as significantly effective for the treatment of mental disorders since 1938, when Cerletti and Bini introduced ECT in clinical psychiatric practice for treatment of schizophrenia. In the next period, indication for ECT switched more toward depression and catatonia. ECT was even banned from psychiatric training in 1960's, due to the anti-psychiatric movement, which were fortified by Oscar winning movie "One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest". Due to its robust effectiveness, ECT revived in the early 1980's and today holds its position in clinical psychiatric practices around the world...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Ivana Šola, Mirta Stipaničev, Valerija Vujčić, Božena Mitić, Ana Huđek, Gordana Rusak
Native Crocus taxa are abundant in regions with moderate and dry climate; however, their potential in the food industry has thus far been neglected. The objective of this study was to compare the quantitative and qualitative flavonoid content and antioxidant and cytotoxic activity in organs of several populations of Croatian native taxa and assess their potential for application in the food industry. The dominant flavonoids in the native Crocus taxa were kaempferol and quercetin. Tepals contained similar or higher concentrations of flavonoid-glycosides than other organs...
June 2, 2018: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
Suzana Ljubojević Hadžavdić, Wolfgang Uter, Maja Ilijanić Samošćanec, Jeanne D Johansen
BACKGROUND: Methylisothiazolinone (MI) caused an epidemic of contact allergy in Europe, as shown by data from many countries, but no studies from Croatia exist. Also, data are lacking on the severity of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) caused by MI, and its impact on quality of life and prognosis. OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of MI contact allergy among Croatian dermatitis patients, identify causative exposures, assess the impact of disease, and study the prognosis...
May 30, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
Petar Medakovic, Zrinka Biloglav, Ivan Padjen, Ivan Pristas, Mladen Jukic, Franko Zuvela, Gordana Ivanac, Boris Brkljacic, Tena Jukic, Lana Turk
The aim of the study was to quantify the total coronary atherosclerotic burden in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) defined by coronary computed tomography adapted Leaman score (CT-LeSc) and to estimate its cut-off level for high coronary atherosclerotic burden. We enrolled 434 consecutive patients referred to coronary computed tomography angiography, of which 261 patients fulfilled the study inclusion criteria. Demographic and clinical characteristics, as well as CAD risk factors were obtained...
May 25, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Emanuela Cristiani, Anita Radini, Dušan Borić, Harry K Robson, Isabella Caricola, Marialetizia Carra, Giuseppina Mutri, Gregorio Oxilia, Andrea Zupancich, Mario Šlaus, Dario Vujević
In this contribution we dismantle the perceived role of marine resources and plant foods in the subsistence economy of Holocene foragers of the Central Mediterranean using a combination of dental calculus and stable isotope analyses. The discovery of fish scales and flesh fragments, starch granules and other plant and animal micro-debris in the dental calculus of a Mesolithic forager dated to the end of the 8th millenium BC and buried in the Vlakno Cave on Dugi Otok Island in the Croatian Archipelago demonstrates that marine resources were regularly consumed by the individual together with a variety of plant foods...
May 25, 2018: Scientific Reports
Branka Marinović
On a Sunday afternoon almost six months ago, we were deeply moved by the news that our Krešimir is no longer with us. The sad news spread from Sarajevo with the speed only most horrible and saddest news can achieve. And everybody who was reached by these news wondered whether it was possible and whether it was true. Because our professor Kostović left us a day before his 48th birthday. Krešimir Kostović was born on the 16th October 1969 in Zagreb, where he completed primary and secondary education. He enrolled at the University of Zagreb School of Medicine in 1988, and got his medical degree in 1995...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Natko Gereš, Pamela Orpinas, Urelija Rodin, Danijela Štimac-Grbić, Aida Mujkić
Prevention of bullying is paramount to creating a positive and welcoming school environment. This study compared the following characteristics reported by students who had perpetrated bullying in Croatian schools and those who did not: gender, type of school, family wealth, negative emotionality, behaviors that may compromise health, and endorsement of traditional masculinity. Within the framework of the "Croatian Adolescent Masculinity Study," second and third grade students of secondary schools (equivalent to tenth and eleventh grade in the United States) in the city of Zagreb ( N = 4,072) completed a cross-sectional, paper-and-pencil survey...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Kosta Bovan, Benjamin Banai, Irena Pavela Banai
Introduction: Studies show that natural disasters influence voters' perception of incumbent politicians. To investigate whether voters are prone to punish politicians for events that are out of their control, this study was conducted in the previously unstudied context of Croatia, and by considering some of the methodological issues of previous studies. Method: Matching method technique was used, which ensures that affected and non-affected areas are matched on several control variables...
April 6, 2018: PLoS Currents
Sime Devcic, Damir Sekulic, Divo Ban, Zvonimir Kutlesa, Jelena Rodek, Dorica Sajber
Background : The prevalence of alcohol drinking (AD) in Croatian adolescents is alarming, but there is an evident lack of prospective analyses of the protective/risk factors of AD. This study aimed to prospectively investigate the relationships between scholastic and sport factors and harmful alcohol drinking (HD) in older adolescents. Methods : The participants (n = 644, 53.7% females) were 16 years of age at study baseline and were tested at baseline and again 20 months later (follow-up). The predictors included four variables of scholastic achievement and four factors evidencing involvement in sport...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Lovro Štefan, Goran Sporiš, Tomislav Krističević
Background: Although previous evidence has shown that physical activity and physical fitness lower the level of psychological distress, little is known of simultaneous associations between of physical activity and physical fitness and with psychological distress, especially in young adults. Therefore, the main purpose of the present study was to explore both separate and simultaneous association between physical activity and physical fitness with psychological distress. Methods: Participants in this cross-sectional study were 2,100 university students (1,041 men and 1,059 women) chosen from eight faculties in the city of Zagreb...
2018: PeerJ
Majda Vrkić Kirhmajer, Viola Macolić Šarinić, Livija Šimičević, Iva Ladić, Krešimir Putarek, Ljiljana Banfić, Nada Božina
Up to the beginning of 2018, a total of eight cases describing rare but clinically important drug interactions between rosuvastatin and ticagrelor which resulted in rhabdomyolysis have been noted in the Global World Health Organization (WHO) adverse drug reaction (ADR) database (VigiBase) as well as in available literature. There are several possible factors which could contribute to the onset of rhabdomyolysis: old age, initially excessive rosuvastatin dose, drug-drug interactions (DDI) on metabolic enzymes (CYPs and UGTs) and drug transporter levels (ABCB1, ABCG2, OATP1B1) and pharmacogenetic predisposition...
May 7, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Ivan Miskulin, Corinne Peek-Asa, Maja Miskulin
The aim of this study was to describe the alcohol consumption patterns and to identify the association of injury with excess drinking among Croatian students. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 845 university students by the use of the WHO AUDIT questionnaire. A total of 39.9% of the university students reported some level of excess drinking and 21.3% reported that injury to themselves or others occurred as a result of their alcohol use. Conclusively, these results demonstrate a significant need for comprehensive programs to reduce alcohol intake and associated alcohol problems, as well as programs to reduce injuries among Croatian university students...
2018: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Ivana Barać, Nada Prlić, Robert Lovrić, Sanja Kanisek, Lorna Dubac Nemet, Jadranka Plužarić
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to develop and psychometrically test a Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS) that measures attitudes toward job satisfaction among hospital nurses in Croatia. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was applied with 584 nurses. RESULTS: A seven-factor model of the measure was confirmed relative χ2 = 2.8, goodness of fit index = .9, comparative fit index = .83. The Cronbach's α was 0.83 for the total scale...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Measurement
Tanja Pekez-Pavliško, Maja Račić, Dinka Jurišić
Objective: To explore family physicians' attitudes, previous experience and self-assessed preparedness to respond or to assist in mass casualty incidents in Croatia. Methods: The cross-sectional survey was carried out during January 2017. Study participants were recruited through a Facebook group that brings together family physicians from Croatia. They were asked to complete the questionnaire, which was distributed via Knowledge and attitudes toward disaster preparedness were evaluated by 18 questions...
April 2018: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
Marija Čatipović, Martina Marković, Josip Grgurić
BACKGROUND: Validating a questionnaire/instrument before proceeding to the field for data collection is important. METHODS: An 18-item breastfeeding intention, 39-item attitude and 44-item knowledge questionnaire was validated in a Croatian sample of secondary-school students ( N = 277). RESULTS: For the intentions, principal component analysis (PCA) yielded a four-factor solution with 8 items explaining 68.3% of the total variance. Cronbach’s alpha (0...
April 27, 2018: Children
T Katanec, S Singh, M Majstorovic, I Klaric, N G Herman, A M Moursi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to differentiate anxious from nonanxious adolescents and evaluate gender differences in anxiety with respect to previous negative dental and medical experiences. The purpose was also to evaluate a causative relationship between child medical fear and dental anxiety. STUDY DESIGN: This study sampled 113 Croatian adolescents from 15 to18 years of age. Children's Fear Survey Schedule - Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS) was used for the assessment of child dental anxiety regarding visits to the dentist and receiving dental treatment...
2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Laurel O'Bright, Tanya R Peckmann, Susan Meek
Latin American populations are traditionally reported as one ancestral group in the forensic anthropology literature. However, this study illustrates the need for population-specific methodologies for ancestral groups that are considered Latin American. This project evaluated the accuracy of the sex estimation discriminant function created from the tibia of a Mexican population, when applied to a Chilean population. The maximum distal epiphyseal breadth (MDEB) and the anterior-posterior diameter at the nutrient foramen (APDNF) were measured on 203 tibiae (108 males and 95 females) from the Subactual Skeletal Collection at the University of Chile...
June 2018: Forensic Science International
Frano KrŠiniĆ
An investigation of large tintinnids was carried out during the Arctic-Antarctic cruise aboard the S/V "Croatian Tern" in the period from 1994 to 1997. Samples were collected at 33 stations by vertical tows with a Nansen net with a 53 µm mesh size in the Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic, Labrador Sea, Baffin Bay, the Beaufort, Chukchi and Bering Seas, East North Pacific, South Pacific, South East Pacific, Scotia Sea, and South West Atlantic. A total of 47 species of tintinnids were found, with the greatest diversity in the Tropical areas of the Pacific, Arctic and Subarctic...
March 21, 2018: Zootaxa
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