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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430710/angiotensin-converting-enzyme-insertion-deletion-gene-polymorphism-and-interferon-%C3%AE-treatment-response-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-preliminary-report
#1
Smiljana Ristić, Nada Starčević Čizmarević, Polona Lavtar, Luca Lovrečić, Olivio Perković, Juraj Sepčić, Saša Šega Jazbec, Miljenko Kapović, Borut Peterlin
We investigated the effect of the functional insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism in the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene on the response to interferon-β (IFN-β) therapy in Croatian and Slovenian patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). A total of 275 IFN-β treated MS patients [162 responders (Rs) and 113 nonresponders (NRs)] were genotyped by PCR. The ACE I/D genotype distribution and allele frequencies did not differ between female Rs and NRs. However, male NRs tended to have a greater prevalence of the DD genotype (P=0...
April 20, 2017: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425977/prospective-analysis-of-the-influence-of-sport-and-educational-factors-on-the-prevalence-and-initiation-of-smoking-in-older-adolescents-from-croatia
#2
Natasa Zenic, Djivo Ban, Sanja Jurisic, Mladen Cubela, Jelena Rodek, Ljerka Ostojic, Mario Jelicic, Antonino Bianco, Damir Sekulic
The prevalence of smoking among Croatian adolescents is alarmingly high, but no previous study has prospectively examined the sport- and academic-factors associated with smoking and smoking initiation. This study aimed to prospectively examine the associations between scholastic (educational) achievement and sport factors and smoking in 16- to 18-year-old adolescents. This two-year prospective cohort study included 644 adolescents who were 16 years of age at baseline (46% females). Baseline testing was implemented at the beginning of the 3rd year of high school (September 2014) when participants were 16 years old...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416892/anthropometric-and-physical-characteristics-allow-differentiation-of-young-female-volleyball-players-according-to-playing-position-and-level-of-expertise
#3
M Milić, Z Grgantov, K Chamari, L P Ardigò, A Bianco, J Padulo
The aim of our study was to determine the differences in some anthropometric and physical performance variables of young Croatian female volleyball players (aged 13 to 15) in relation to playing position (i.e., independent variable) and performance level within each position (i.e., independent variable). Players were categorized according to playing position (i.e., role) as middle blockers (n=28), opposite hitters (n=41), passer-hitters (n=54), setters (n=30), and liberos (n=28). Within each position, players were divided into a more successful group and a less successful group according to team ranking in the latest regional championship and player quality within the team...
March 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394105/introducing-scientific-writing-as-mandatory-topic-in-bachelor-nursing-program-experience-of-the-university-of-dubrovnik-croatia
#4
Mihaela Zidarić, Višnja Vičić-Hudorović, Narcis Hudorović
One of the methods that have been used to encourage student reflection skills is scientific writing. The purpose of this article is to discuss implementation of obligatory study topic with the main objective to increase the skills of scientific writing among students of Bachelor Nursing Curriculum and its relation to scientific publishing volume of Bachelor degree students from the University of Dubrovnik. By searching the local rank database called HRČAK, data were collected on publication volume of the Bachelor course students at the University of Dubrovnik from 2010 to 2014...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392741/policies-and-practices-in-haemostasis-testing-among-laboratories-in-croatia-a-survey-on-behalf-of-a-working-group-for-laboratory-coagulation-of-the-croatian-society-of-medical-biochemistry-and-laboratory-medicine
#5
Ana Bronić, Desiree Coen Herak, Sandra Margetić, Marija Milić
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this survey was to assess current policies and practice in haemostasis testing among both hospital and outpatient laboratories in Republic of Croatia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire with seventy questions divided into nine sections was created in May 2015. Participants were asked about their practice related to test request form, sample collection, prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time assays, other individual haemostasis assays, point-of-care testing (POCT), reporting of coagulation tests results and quality assurance of procedures, the personnel and other laboratory resources, as well as on issues related to education and implementation of additional coagulation assays in their laboratory...
February 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392738/the-role-of-laboratory-testing-in-detection-and-classification-of-chronic-kidney-disease-national-recommendations
#6
REVIEW
Vanja Radišić Biljak, Lorena Honović, Jasminka Matica, Branka Krešić, Sanela Šimić Vojak
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common clinical condition with significant adverse consequences for the patient and it is recognized as a significant public health problem. The role of laboratory medicine in diagnosis and management of CKD is of great importance: the diagnosis and staging are based on estimation of glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and assessment of albuminuria (or proteinuria). Therefore, the joint working group of the Croatian society of medical biochemistry and laboratory medicine and Croatian chamber of medical biochemists for laboratory diagnostics in CKD issued this national recommendation regarding laboratory diagnostics of CKD...
February 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392736/preanalytical-external-quality-assessment-of-the-croatian-society-of-medical-biochemistry-and-laboratory-medicine-and-croqalm-finding-undetected-weak-spots
#7
Nora Nikolac, Jasna Lenicek Krleza, Ana-Maria Simundic
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this paper is to present results of first two years of preanalytical external quality assessment (EQA) in Croatia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This paper summarizes results from 6 rounds of preanalytical EQA during 2014-2016 in 161-175 Croatian laboratories (number ranged between cycles). EQA was designed as an online survey of the compliance with National recommendations for phlebotomy (NRP). Forty-seven questions in 5 categories are analyzed (materials and equipment, patient identification, patient preparation, sampling and storage)...
February 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392735/evaluating-performance-in-sweat-testing-in-medical-biochemistry-laboratories-in-croatia
#8
Merica Aralica, Jasna Lenicek Krleza
INTRODUCTION: Sweat test has a diagnostic role in evaluation of cystic fibrosis. Its performance includes sweat stimulation, collection and analysis. All listed may be sources of inconsistencies in everyday practice. The aim of this study was an evaluation of external quality assessment (EQA) of sweat chloride measurement including sweat test performance in medical biochemistry laboratories in Croatia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: EQA for sweat chloride measurement was provided by Croatian Centre for Quality Assessment in Laboratory Medicine (CROQALM) in five consecutive exercises to medical biochemistry laboratories (MBL) that offered sweat testing...
February 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392730/external-quality-assessment-in-croatia-problems-challenges-and-specific-circumstances
#9
REVIEW
Jasna Lenicek Krleza, Ivana Celap, Jelena Vlasic Tanaskovic
In Croatian medical laboratories (ML), external quality assessment (EQA) has a long tradition of almost half of a century. At national level, EQA is provided by Croatian Centre for Quality Assessment in Laboratory Medicine (CROQALM) which is a part of Croatian Society of Medical Biochemistry and Laboratory Medicine.
This case study aimed to summarize the main challenges, which are set to CROQALM and their possible solutions.
CROQALM has 10 schemes, covering majority of analysis for which medical biochemistry laboratories in Croatia are authorized for, including pre-analytical and post-analytical phase of laboratory work...
February 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373154/internet-addiction-through-the-phase-of-adolescence-a-questionnaire-study
#10
Silvana Karacic, Stjepan Oreskovic
BACKGROUND: Adolescents increasingly use the Internet for communication, education, entertainment, and other purposes in varying degrees. Given their vulnerable age, they may be prone to Internet addiction. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to identify possible differences in the purpose of Internet use among adolescents with respect to age subgroup, country of residence, and gender and the distribution of Internet addiction across age subgroups. Another aim was to determine if there is a correlation between the purpose of Internet use and age and if this interaction influences the level of addiction to the Internet...
April 3, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365675/costs-of-occupational-injuries-and-illnesses-in-croatia
#11
Marijana Bađun
Apart from influencing the quality of life, occupational injuries and illnesses can pose a large economic burden to a society. There are many studies that estimate the costs of occupational injuries and illnesses in highly developed economies, but the evidence for other countries is scarce. This study aimed to estimate the financial costs of occupational injuries and illnesses to Croatian government and employers in 2015. Workers were excluded due to the lack of data. Costs were estimated by analysing available data sources on occupational health and safety...
March 1, 2017: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339415/lifestyle-factors-in-croatian-seafarers-as-relating-to-health-and-stress-on-board
#12
Ana Slišković, Zvjezdan Penezić
BACKGROUND: Seafaring is characterized by specific stressors and health risks. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article was to compare the prevalence of various lifestyle factors between the shipping and home environments, and in addition to test the relations between lifestyle factors, perceived stress on board, and health in seafarers. METHODS: A total of 530 Croatian seafarers participated in an on-line survey. The questionnaire contained requests for demographic data and a set of questions relating to lifestyle, stress on board, physical health symptoms, and mental health...
March 23, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314484/impact-of-health-policy-and-practice-on-finding-the-best-fit-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-after-metformin-failure-croatian-pilot-study
#13
Maja Cigrovski Berković, Davorka Herman Mahečić, Marina Gradišer, Ines Bilić-Ćurčić
AIM: We assessed the impact of clinical practice and health policy on the choice and efficacy of different second-line therapies for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) after failure of metformin. METHODS: This retrospective database analysis included 200 patients with a follow-up period of 6 months. The primary end-point was achievement of HbA1c <7% and fasting (FBG) and postprandial glucose levels (PPG) <7.2mmol/L and <10mmol/L, respectively after three and six months of different add-on treatments...
March 14, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291974/comorbid-depression-and-suicide-ideation-in-patients-with-combat-related-ptsd-the-role-of-temperament-character-and-trait-impulsivity
#14
Nenad Jakšić, Branka Aukst Margetić, Darko Marčinko
BACKGROUND: War veterans with PTSD have a high chance of developing major depressive disorder (MDD) at some point, while they can also exhibit increased suicidal tendencies. The primary goal of this research was to investigate whether personality dimensions, including temperament, character, and trait impulsivity, were associated with comorbid MDD, as well as with suicidal ideation in psychiatric patients suffering from combat-related PTSD. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 148 Croatian male war veterans (mean age 49...
March 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291972/efficacy-safety-and-tolerability-of-augmentative-rtms-in-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder-mdd-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-croatia
#15
Igor Filipcic, Zeljko Milovac, Strahimir Sucic, Tomislav Gajsak, Ivona Simunovic Filipcic, Ena Ivezic, Vjekoslav Aljinovic, Ivana Orgulan, Sandra Zecevic Penic, Zarko Bajic
BACKGROUND: An increasing body of research suggest that repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) is effective and safe treatment option for patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). The Psychiatric Hospital "Sveti Ivan" has the first TMS laboratory with rTMS and deep TMS (dTMS) in Croatia. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy, safety and tolerability of augmentative rTMS treatment vs standard treatment in Croatian patients with major depressive disorder (MDD)...
March 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275278/occupational-health-problems-among-dentists-in-croatia
#16
Marin Vodanović, Slavica Sović, Ivan Galić
AIM: To assess the health status among dentists in Croatia regarding the symptoms of musculoskeletal, dermatological, sight, hearing and neurological disorders. METHODS: The anonymous online survey was conducted among 506 Croatian dentists. RESULTS: It was found that over 78.18% of the surveyed dentists experienced work related pain in upper back, 76.97% of them in lower back. Work-related skin problems were reported by 29.29% of dentists...
December 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272018/genetic-polymorphisms-of-cytochrome-p450-enzymes-cyp2c9-cyp2c19-cyp2d6-cyp3a4-and-cyp3a5-in-the-croatian-population
#17
Lana Ganoci, Tamara Božina, Nikica Mirošević Skvrce, Mila Lovrić, Petar Mas, Nada Božina
BACKGROUND: Data on the frequency of pharmacogenetic polymorphisms in the Croatian population are limited. We determined and analyzed frequencies for the most important CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP3A4, and CYP3A5 genetic variants in the Croatian population. METHODS: 2637 subjects were included. Genotyping was performed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using TaqMan® DME or TaqMan® SNP Genotyping Assays, and by PCR, and PCR-RFLP analysis. RESULTS: For CYP2C9, allele frequencies of *2 and *3 variant were 14...
March 1, 2017: Drug Metabolism and Personalized Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220563/skin-health-and-protection-at-work-in-croatian-beautician-apprentices
#18
Jelena Macan, Željka Babić, Tea Samardžić
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162814/eu-accession-a-policy-window-opportunity-for-nursing
#19
REVIEW
Paul De Raeve, Anne-Marie Rafferty, Louise Bariball, Ruth Young, Olga Boiko
European enlargement has been studied in a wide range of policy areas within and beyond health. Yet the impact of EU enlargement upon one of the largest health professions, nursing, has been largely neglected. This paper aims to explore nurse leadership using a comparative case study method in two former Communist countries, Romania and Croatia. Specifically, it considers the extent to which engagement in the EU accession policy-making process provided a policy window for the leaders to formulate and implement a professional agenda while negotiating EU accession...
January 25, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141593/clinical-and-virological-characteristics-of-hantavirus-infections-in-a-2014-croatian-outbreak
#20
Tatjana Vilibic-Cavlek, Alena Furic, Ljubo Barbic, Irena Tabain, Vladimir Stevanovic, Gordana Mlinaric-Galinovic
INTRODUCTION: Croatia is endemic for hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), with both Puumala (PUUV) and Dobrava virus (DOBV) documented. Several large outbreaks were recorded in 1995, 2002, and 2012. We analyzed demographic, clinical, laboratory, and virological characteristics of HFRS cases detected in three geographically close natural foci (Ogulin, Slunj, and the Plitvice Lakes surroundings) during the 2014 outbreak. METHODOLOGY: From January to December 2014, 122 patients with suspected HFRS were tested for hantavirus IgM/IgG antibodies using an indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA)...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
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