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Maja Lazarus, Ankica Sekovanić, Tatjana Orct, Slaven Reljić, Jasna Jurasović, Đuro Huber
The influence of reproductive and (early) life stages on toxic metal levels was investigated in the brown bear (Ursus arctos), the largest mammalian predator species in Croatia. The purpose was to examine critical clusters in a population that might be at a higher risk of adverse health effects caused by metals as environmental contaminants. Levels of cadmium, mercury and lead in muscle, liver and kidney cortex of 325 male and 139 female bears, quantified by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, were analysed according to distinct bear life stages (young: cub, yearling, subadult; mature: adult)...
December 12, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Martina Laktić, Krešimir Kuftinec, Asja Čelebić, Ines Kovačić, Mohamed Nasser Alhajj, Sanja Peršić Kiršić
Objective: To develop the Croatian version of the 41-item Dental Environment Stress questionnaire (DES) for stress assessment of dental students in both, preclinical and clinical years of study and to test its psychometric properties in Croatian dental student population. Materials and Methods: The English version of the 41-Item DES questionnaire was first translated into the Croatian language. Subsequently, it was set on the google drive and filled out by a total of 202 students from the School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb and 30 additional students from other Faculties...
September 2017: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Albina Dumic, Ivan Miskulin, Matea Matic Licanin, Aida Mujkic, Daniela Cacic Kenjeric, Maja Miskulin
Chronic non-communicable diseases are a significant public health problem and imbalanced nutrition is one of the most significant risk factor for them. The objective of this study was to examine Croatia's general practitioners' nutrition counselling practice and determine the factors that influence such practice. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 444 (17.0%) randomly selected general practitioners (GPs) in Croatia from May to July 2013 via a 32-item anonymous questionnaire. Study showed that 77.0% of participants had provided nutrition counselling exclusively to patients with specific health risks; 18...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Maja Miljanović, Joško Sindik, Vibor Milunović, Vesna Kralj Škoc, Marijana Braš, Veljko Đorđević
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer should be systematically screened for psychological problems at key points in their pathway. Usage of self-report scales for measuring anxiety and depression (such as Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS)) is a very practical methodfor detecting anxiety and depression. The aim of this research was to determine latent structure, reliability and cut-off scores of HADSin a Croatian sample of adult patients suffering from advanced metastatic cancer...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
Goran Vrgoc, Jurica Vrbanec, Randi Krog Eftedal, Petra Lederer Dembic, Sanja Balen, Zlatko Dembic, Zdravko Jotanovic
Primary osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common type of a joint disease. It has a polygenic risk inheritance pattern and affects older people. The etiology of this disease is not fully understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between polymorphisms in pro-inflammatory interleukin-17 (IL17A and IL17F) and anti-inflammatory Toll-like Receptor 10 (TLR10) genes with the risk for development of advanced stage hip and knee primary OA in the Croatian population. A total of 500 OA patients and 597 controls were genotyped for IL17A SNP (rs2275913), IL17F SNPs (rs763780 and rs1889570), and TLR10 (rs11096957) genes...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Daniela Šupe-Domić, Goran Milas, Lada Stanišić, Irena Drmić Hofman, Irena Martinović Klarić
Introduction: The aim of this nested study is to provide the reference intervals for already published measurements of salivary cortisol from the Croatian Adolescence Stress Study (CLASS). Material and methods: A total of 969 individuals (372 males and 597 females) were included in the reference sample (age range: 18-21 years). Salivary cortisol concentrations were determined by the enzyme immunoassay (LUCIO-Medical ELISA Salivary Cortisol Kit, Nal von Minden, Germany) in the Department of Medical Laboratory Diagnostics, University Hospital Split...
February 15, 2018: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
Mirjana Fuček, Živka Dika, Sandra Karanović, Ivana Vuković Brinar, Vedran Premužić, Jelena Kos, Ante Cvitković, Maja Mišić, Josip Samardžić, Dunja Rogić, Bojan Jelaković
Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a significant public health problem and it is not possible to precisely predict its progression to terminal renal failure. According to current guidelines, CKD stages are classified based on the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and albuminuria. Aims of this study were to determine the reliability of predictive equation in estimation of CKD prevalence in Croatian areas with endemic nephropathy (EN), compare the results with non-endemic areas, and to determine if the prevalence of CKD stages 3-5 was increased in subjects with EN...
February 15, 2018: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
Jadranka Stojanovski, Ana Marušić
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.11613/BM.2017.032.].
October 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
Ivana Ćelap, Ines Vukasović, Gordana Juričić, Ana-Maria Šimundić
The International vocabulary of metrology - Basic and general concepts and associated terms (VIM3, 2.26 measurement uncertainty, JCGM 200:2012) defines uncertainty of measurement as a non-negative parameter characterizing the dispersion of the quantity values being attributed to a measurand, based on the information obtained from performing the measurement. Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) has published a very detailed guideline with a description of sources contributing to measurement uncertainty as well as different approaches for the calculation (Expression of measurement uncertainty in laboratory medicine; Approved Guideline, CLSI C51-A 2012)...
October 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
Ankica Sekovanić, Jasna Jurasović, Martina Piasek, Daria Pašalić, Tatjana Orct, Antonija Sulimanec Grgec, Sandra Stasenko, Karmen Branović Čakanić, Anamarija Jazbec
The main source of exposure for all essential and toxic elements in the general population is diet. In smokers, the main route for cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) intake is the inhalation of tobacco smoke. Besides gender, age, nutrition, lifestyle, and physiological conditions such as pregnancy, specific genetic characteristics also influence individual element uptake. Metallothionein MT2 is a cysteine-rich low-weight protein found ubiquitously throughout the body. Specific gene polymorphism may influence MT2 expression and subsequent binding, transfer and organ accumulation of metals, though data on these influences are lacking, especially in human mother-newborn pairs...
January 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Z Grubic, M Maskalan, L Radmanic, K Š Jankovic, M B Kamenaric, R Zunec
The aim of the present study was to investigate frequency and haplotype distribution of DRB4 alleles in the Croatian population. The investigated sample consisted of 288 cadaveric samples positive for one of the DR53 alleles. HLA-A,-B,-C,-DRB1, and -DQB1 typing was performed using the PCR-SSP low resolution method, while HLA-DRB4 and selected HLA class II specificities typing was performed using PCR-SSP at the allelic level. Three different DRB4 alleles were observed among DRB1*04 samples; DRB4*01:02 (2.38%), DRB4*01:03 (91...
November 20, 2017: HLA
Nikolina Božinović, Joško Sindik
Learning strategies are special thoughts or behaviours that individuals use to understand, learn or retain new information, according to the point of view of O’Malley & Chamot. The other view, promoted by Oxford, believes learning strategies are specific actions taken by the learner to make learning easier, faster, more enjoyable, and more transferrable to new situations of language learning and use. The use of appropriate strategies ensures greater success in language learning. The aim of the research was to establish metric characteristics of the Questionnaire on learning strategies created by the author, in line with the template of the original SILL questionnaire (Strategy Inventory for Language Learning)...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
Jelena Šarac
This paper presents a review of the 50-year long anthropological and epidemiological research of the Susak population. Island of Susak is an example of extreme genetic isolate, with a very low level of heterozygosity and a significantly high level of inbreeding, due to the practice of endogamy. Its specific features have put the island in the focus of diverse research during the last five decades and in this study we additionally present new insights into the island’s maternal genetic heritage. For this purpose, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup diversity was defined based on SNPs of the control and coding region on the sample of 64 autochthonous individuals from the island...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
Matea Majerović, Mislav Jelaković, Marina Premužić, Ivana Knežević Štromar, Davor Radić, Marko Mance, Stjepko Pleština, Rajko Ostojić, Nadan Rustemović, Zeljko Krznarić
PURPOSE: For patients at high-risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), biannual ultrasound surveillance has long been recommended, in order to detect the tumor in the early, potentially curative stages. However, globally reported HCC surveillance rates vary greatly, ranging from as low as 1.7 to as high as 80%. Our aim was to assess the utilization of surveillance with biannual ultrasound in high-risk Croatian patients and to identify the factors that impact the implementation of the recommended protocol...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
Tonći Mašina, Tomislav Madžar, Vera Musil, Milan Milošević
Increasing awareness of healthy lifestyle is important during the period of adolescence because habits are difficult to modify in adulthood. The aim of the study was to examine gender differences in health-promoting lifestyle among medical students and to analyze changes between the first and second year of the study. This cross sectional study was conducted on a sample of 1186 students (36% male). Data were collected by self-administered anonymous questionnaire, the Health- Promoting Lifestyle Profile [HPLP II] (Adult Version), and analyzed by descriptive statistics and nonparametric tests...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
Jonathan A Grubb, Lisa R Muftić
Service provision for domestic violence (DV) survivors has been a long-standing staple of shelters in the United States. Although shelter services provide numerous benefits for survivors, barriers tied to acquisition remain a pressing concern when combatting DV. Nevertheless, there has been minimal research exploring barriers to service acquisition on a cross-national level. As such, the current research cross-nationally examines perceptions of shelter staff regarding acquisition barriers as well as the effectiveness of local agencies to meet survivor needs and differences in populations served in the United States (specifically Texas) as well as in Bosnia and Herzegovina...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Mia Lujo, Marko Meštrović, Ana Ivanišević Malčić, Jurica Matijević, Silvana Jukić
The purpose of the research was to compare oral health behavior and plaque indices between Croatian first-year and final-year dental students. Therefore, 46.9% of first-year and 47% of final-year dental students were surveyed using the Hiroshima University Dental Behavior Inventory (HU-DBI) questionnaire and had their plaque indices determined. Descriptive statistics analysis, nonparametric tests, and correlation analysis were performed (p<0.05). Sixth-year students had a significantly better mean HU-DBI score (8...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
Goranka Radmilović, Valentina Matijević, Iris Zavoreo
Numerous adverse factors are acting in the prenatal, perinatal and postnatal period of life and may be the cause of later mild or severe deviations from normal psychomotor development. Therefore, it is crucial to identify infants with neurological risk factors and infants that already have a delay from orderly development, in order to immediately initiate the rehabilitation process. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is difference in the assessment of psychomotor development in neurological risk children based on the psychomotor development test (Croatian, Razvoj psihomotorike, RPM test) and clinical evaluation of neuromotor development...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
Snježana Miškov, Romana Gjergja Juraški, Ivan Mikula, Silvio Bašić, Marija Bošnjak Pašić, Vesna Košec, Zlatko Sabol, Aleksandra Fučić, Tomislav Sajko, Vanja Bašić Kes
Epilepsy is the most common neurological complication in pregnancy. Women with epilepsy have a higher risk of complications in pregnancy. In Croatia, women with epilepsy are treated by neurologists at tertiary centers according to the place of residence. We prospectively followed-up pregnancies in women with epilepsy and healthy controls, and analyzed the factors responsible for their delivery outcomes and development of their babies. Healthy pregnant women had a higher level of education and economic status, but pregnant women with epilepsy took folic acid in a higher proportion than controls, possibly due to timely preconception counseling...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
Josip Kranjčić, Mario Šlaus, Marin Vodanović, Sanja Peršić, Denis Vojvodić
Articular eminence inclination (AEI) of the temporomandibular joint leads the mandible in its movements. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to determine AEI values in medieval (MP) and recent (RP) Croatian population. The study was carried out on two groups of specimens: first group with 30 MP human dry skulls, while the other, serving as control group consisted of 137 dry skulls. The AEI was measured on lateral digital skull images as the angle between the best fi t line drawn along the posterior wall of the articular eminence and the Frankfurt horizontal plane...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
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