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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991760/centenary-of-the-birth-of-academician-prof-dr-isak-tadzer-founder-of-the-pathophysiology-and-nuclear-medicine-in-macedonia
#1
Borislav Karanfilski
Academician Prof. Dr. Isak Tadzer was born a hundred years ago on December 24, 1916 in Sofia. He completed the primary and secondary education at the German College in Sofia. In 1935 he began his studies at the Medical Faculty in Vienna, which he had to stop because of the annexation of Austria to Germany in 1938. He returned to Bulgaria where he continued his studies and graduated from the Medical Faculty in Sofia in 1941. During the War, 1941-1944, he was forcedly mobilized and he worked as a doctor in several villages...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980879/skin-reactions-to-latex-in-dental-professionals-first-croatian-data
#2
Iva Japundžić, Liborija Lugović-Mihić
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of undesirable skin reactions to latex in dental professionals and students of the School of Dental Medicine in Zagreb, Croatia. METHODS: Our research included 444 participants, of which 200 agreed to undergo a skin prick test (SPT). All participants answered a questionnaire in which we asked about incidence of skin lesions, duration of occupational exposure to latex, localization of skin lesions and symptoms. A statistical analysis of the questionnaire and test results was then carried out...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976883/is-the-burnout-syndrome-associated-with-elder-mistreatment-in-nursing-homes-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study-among-nurses
#3
Marijana Neuberg, Danica Železnik, Tomislav Meštrović, Rosana Ribić, Goran Kozina
As this issue has not yet been addressed in Croatia, our aim was to explore the presence of the burnout syndrome in nurses and see how it is related to their perception of elder mistreatment in nursing homes and extended care units. The burnout syndrome was assessed in 171 nursing professionals with a standardised Maslach Burnout Inventory for Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) for three dimensions: emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DP), and personal accomplishment (PA). High EE was reported by 43...
September 26, 2017: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976879/patient-safety-culture-shapes-presenteeism-and-absenteeism-a-cross-sectional-study-among-croatian-healthcare-workers
#4
Hana Brborović, Ognjen Brborović
Healthcare workers have high rates of injuries and illnesses at the workplace, and both their absence from work due to illness (absenteeism) or working ill (presenteeism) can compromise patient safety and the quality of health care delivered. Following this premise, we wanted to determine whether presenteeism and absenteeism were associated with patient safety culture (PSC) and in what way. Our sample consisted of 595 Croatian healthcare workers (150 physicians and 445 nurses) who answered the short-form WHO Health and Work Performance Questionnaire and the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture...
September 26, 2017: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974826/evaluation-of-the-medical-academic-community-of-bosnia-and-herzegovina-based-on-scopus-parameters
#5
EDITORIAL
Izet Masic
INTRODUCTION: The academic community of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) is represented by four Academies, which include eminent personalities in the field of medical sciences (Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Department for Medical Sciences (ANUBiH), Academy of Sciences and Arts of the Republika Srpska (ANURS), Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts in BiH (HAZU B&H), and the Academy of Medical Sciences of Bosnia and Herzegovina (AMNuBiH)). AIM: To present scientometric analysis of members of the medical sphere of the ANUBiH, ANURS, HAZU B&H and AMNuBiH, to evaluate members and their scientific rating...
June 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961491/the-fate-of-carbapenem-resistant-bacteria-in-a-wastewater-treatment-plant
#6
Jasna Hrenovic, Tomislav Ivankovic, Damir Ivekovic, Sinisa Repec, Drazenka Stipanicev, Marin Ganjto
Wastewater treatment plants have been considered potential sources of antibiotic resistance gene exchange and release into the environment. The aim of our study was to quantify environmental and human-associated carbapenem-resistant bacterial populations (CRBPs) across wastewater treatment stages and correlate bacterial counts to physicochemical and other bacteriological parameters in order to see their behaviour in wastewater and sludge and their potential dissemination in the environment. Samples were taken from five sites (treatment stages) of the largest Croatian wastewater treatment plant (20 per site) over 10 months of monitoring...
September 22, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949320/-bunanje-xx-century-abuse-of-atropa-belladonna-halucinogenic-berries-in-continental-croatia
#7
Zdravko Lacković
BACKGROUND: Atropa belladonna (Engl. deadly nightshade, Cro. velebilje, bunika) is a plant containing pharmacologically active, potentially toxic alkaloids: atropine, hyocyamine and scopolamine. The risk of poisoning in children is important because of possible confusion of black/dark blue belladonna fruit berries with other edible berries. There are many reports in literature of accidental intoxication but no report on traditional intentional usage to achieve hallucinogenic effects. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Here we report purposeful ingestion of Atropa belladonna berries for hallucinatory effects among adolescents in Bjelovar region in north part of Croatia...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949312/internet-addiction-and-mental-health-status-of-adolescents-in-croatia-and-germany
#8
Silvana Karacic, Stjepan Oreskovic
BACKGROUND: The research examines the influence of internet addiction of adolescents in Croatia and Germany and its impact on the subjective feeling of health status. The purpose of this paper is also to give insight into how the Internet addiction which is a risky health behavior affects the health status of adolescents. The excessive use of Internet is linked with the lower health status of Croatian adolescents as well as of the adolescents in Germany. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Respondents are defined as students who attend school regularly ages 11-18...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942732/is-graves-disease-a-primary-immunodeficiency-new-immunological-perspectives-on-an-endocrine-disease
#9
REVIEW
Tristan Struja, Alexander Kutz, Stefan Fischli, Christian Meier, Beat Mueller, Mike Recher, Philipp Schuetz
BACKGROUND: Uncertainty about factors influencing the susceptibility and triggers for Graves' disease persists, along with a wide variation in the response to anti-thyroid drugs, currently at approximately 50% of non-responders. The aim of this narrative review is to summarize immunological concepts, with a combined endocrine and immunological perspective, to highlight potential new areas of research. MAIN TEXT: Relevant studies were identified through a systematic literature search using the PubMed and EMBASE databases in March 2016...
September 25, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923406/negative-environmental-impacts-of-antibiotic-contaminated-effluents-from-pharmaceutical-industries
#10
Ana Bielen, Ana Šimatović, Josipa Kosić-Vukšić, Ivan Senta, Marijan Ahel, Sanja Babić, Tamara Jurina, Juan José González Plaza, Milena Milaković, Nikolina Udiković-Kolić
Effluents from pharmaceutical industries are recognized as significant contributors to aquatic pollution with antibiotics. Although such pollution has been mostly reported in Asia, knowledge on industrial discharges in other regions of the world, including Europe, and on the effects associated with such exposures is still limited. Thus, we performed chemical, microbiological and ecotoxicological analyses of effluents from two Croatian pharmaceutical industries during four seasons. In treated effluents of the company synthesizing macrolide antibiotic azithromycin (AZI), the total concentration of AZI and two macrolide by-products from its synthesis was 1-3 orders of magnitude higher in winter and springtime (up to 10...
September 9, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918336/total-and-cytosolic-concentrations-of-twenty-metals-metalloids-in-the-liver-of-brown-trout-salmo-trutta-linnaeus-1758-from-the-karstic-croatian-river-krka
#11
Zrinka Dragun, Vlatka Filipović Marijić, Nesrete Krasnići, Dušica Ivanković, Damir Valić, Jakov Žunić, Damir Kapetanović, Irena Vardić Smrzlić, Zuzana Redžović, Ivana Grgić, Marijana Erk
Total and cytosolic concentrations of twenty metals/metalloids in the liver of brown trout Salmo trutta (Linnaeus, 1758) were studied in the period from April 2015 to May 2016 at two sampling sites on Croatian river Krka, to establish if river water contamination with metals/metalloids downstream of Knin town has influenced metal bioaccumulation in S. trutta liver. Differences were observed between two sites, with higher concentrations of several elements (Ag, As, Ca, Co, Na, Se, Sr, V) found downstream of Knin town, whereas few others (Cd, Cs, Mo, Tl) were, unexpectedly, increased at the Krka River spring...
September 14, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915786/nutrition-in-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-the-continental-and-mediterranean-regions-of-croatia
#12
Jozica Sikic, Mira Stipcevic, Hrvoje Vrazic, Jasna Cerkez Habek, Eduard Margetic, Dario Gulin
BACKGROUND: The aim of this observational study was to evaluate the effect of Mediterranean and continental nutrition on cardiovascular risk in patients with acute and chronic coronary heart disease in Croatia. METHODS: The study included 1284 patients who were hospitalized in a 28-month period due to acute or chronic ischaemic heart disease in hospitals across Croatia. An individual questionnaire was prepared which enabled recording of various cardiovascular risk factors...
September 16, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912327/whole-genome-sequence-of-the-first-sequence-type-27-brucella-ceti-strain-isolated-from-european-waters
#13
Sanja Duvnjak, Silvio Špičić, Darja Kušar, Bojan Papić, Irena Reil, Maja Zdelar-Tuk, Željko Pavlinec, Martina Đuras, Tomislav Gomerčić, Rene S Hendriksen, Željko Cvetnić
Brucella spp. that cause marine brucellosis are becoming more important, as the disease appears to be more widespread than originally thought. Here, we report a whole and annotated genome sequence of Brucella ceti CRO350, a sequence type 27 strain isolated from a bottlenose dolphin carcass found in the Croatian part of the northern Adriatic Sea.
September 14, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905230/molecular-detection-of-anaplasma-platys-anaplasma-phagocytophilum-and-wolbachia-sp-but-not-ehrlichia-canis-in-croatian-dogs
#14
Doroteja Huber, Irena Reil, Sanja Duvnjak, Daria Jurković, Damir Lukačević, Miroslav Pilat, Ana Beck, Željko Mihaljević, Lea Vojta, Adam Polkinghorne, Relja Beck
The bacteria Anaplasma platys, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Ehrlichia canis are tick-borne agents that cause canine vector-borne disease. The prevalence of these pathogens in South Eastern Europe is unknown with the exception of an isolated case of A. platys detected in a dog imported into Germany from Croatia. To gain a better insight into their presence and prevalence, PCR-based screening for these bacterial pathogens was performed on domesticated dogs from different regions of Croatia. Blood samples from 1080 apparently healthy dogs from coastal and continental parts of Croatia as well as tissue samples collected from 63 deceased dogs with a history of anaemia and thrombocytopenia were collected for molecular screening by an Anaplasmataceae-specific 16S rRNA conventional PCR...
September 14, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903432/genetic-variation-and-forensic-characteristic-analysis-of-25-strs-of-a-novel-fluorescence-co-amplification-system-in-chinese-southern-shaanxi-han-population
#15
Yao-Shun Liu, Jian-Gang Chen, Ting Mei, Yu-Xin Guo, Hao-Tian Meng, Jian-Fei Li, Yuan-Yuan Wei, Xiao-Ye Jin, Bo-Feng Zhu, Li-Ping Zhang
We analyzed the genetic polymorphisms of 15 autosomal and 10 Y-chromosomal STR loci in 214 individuals of Han population from Southern Shaanxi of China and studied the genetic relationships between Southern Shaanxi Han and other populations. We observed a total of 150 alleles at 15 autosomal STR loci with the corresponding allelic frequencies ranging from 0.0023 to 0.5210, and the combined power of discrimination and exclusion for the 15 autosomal STR loci were 0.99999999999999998866 and 0.999998491, respectively...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886894/satisfaction-with-facial-profile-aesthetics-are-norms-overrated
#16
I Manevska, A Pavlic, V Katic, M Trinajstic Zrinski, M Drevensek, S Spalj
This study aimed to explore to what extent adults perceive deviations from the norm of a balanced profile with normal occlusion as reducing satisfaction with facial appearance and having a psychosocial impact. This cross-sectional study included 225 Caucasian subjects (64% women) aged 18-42 years. Their facial profiles were analyzed photogrammetrically and they were classified into three categories: within, below, or above the standard range for the Croatian population with a normal occlusion. Psychosocial issues were assessed by self-reported satisfaction with facial appearance and domains from the Orthognathic Quality of Life Questionnaire: social aspects of dentofacial aesthetics (SA), facial aesthetics concern (FA), and awareness of dentofacial aesthetics (AW)...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879515/testicular-adrenal-rest-tumors-in-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-cross-sectional-study-of-51-croatian-male-patients
#17
Miroslav Dumic, Vlatko Duspara, Zorana Grubic, Sasa Kralik Oguic, Veselin Skrabic, Vesna Kusec
Testicular adrenal rest tumors (TARTs) are common cause of infertility in males with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). We studied the role of genotype and disease regulation on TART development, their impact on gonadal function, and frequency in 47 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) and four 11-hydroxylase deficiency (11-OHD) male patients. Testicular ultrasound (TU), genotype, hormonal measurement in 51, and spermiogram in five patients were performed. TARTs were detected in 14 SW21-OHD and one 11-OHD patient: 1/8 patients aged <7 years (1...
September 6, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867945/genetic-biochemical-nutritional-and-antimicrobial-characteristics-of-pomegranate-punica-granatum-l-%C3%A2-grown-in-istria
#18
Ana Miklavčič Višnjevec, Ajda Ota, Mihaela Skrt, Bojan Butinar, Sonja Smole Možina, Nina Gunde Cimerman, Marijan Nečemer, Alenka Baruca Arbeiter, Matjaž Hladnik, Marin Krapac, Dean Ban, Milena Bučar-Miklavčič, Nataša Poklar Ulrih, Dunja Bandelj
This study characterises the genetic variability of local pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) germplasm from the Slovenian and Croatian areas of Istria. The bioactive components and antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of ethanol and water extracts of different parts of pomegranate fruit were also determined, along with their preliminary nutritional characterisation. Twenty-six different genotypes identified with microsatellite analysis indicate the great diversity of pomegranate in Istria. The pomegranate fruit ethanol extracts represent rich sources of phenolic compounds (mean value of the mass fraction in exocarp and mesocarp expressed as gallic acid is 23 and 16 mg/g, respectively)...
June 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857522/validation-of-the-croatian-version-of-civiq-quality-of-life-questionnaire-in-patients-with-chronic-venous-disorders
#19
Tamara Sinožić, Ksenija Baždarić, Dina Šverko, Alen Ružić, Milica Katić
AIM: To test the psychometric properties of the Croatian version of the Chronic Venous Insufficiency Quality of Life (CIVIQ) Questionnaire and to assess the quality of life in patients with chronic venous disorders of all stages. METHODS: This cross-sectional study performed between 2014 and 2015 in a private family practice assessed the factorial validity, cross-sectional validity, and reliability of the Croatian CIVIQ 20-item questionnaire completed by 428 adult patients (78% women) with chronic venous disorders classified according to the Clinical-Etiologic-Anatomic-Pathophysiologic (CEAP) C classification as stages C1-C6...
August 31, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857519/mortality-and-causes-of-death-among-croatian-male-olympic-medalists
#20
Vedran Radonić, Damir Kozmar, Darko Počanić, Helena Jerkić, Ivan Bohaček, Tomislav Letilović
AIM: To compare the overall and disease-specific mortality of Croatian male athletes who won one or more Olympic medals representing Yugoslavia from 1948 to 1988 or Croatia from 1992 to 2016, and the general Croatian male population standardized by age and time period. METHODS: All 233 Croatian male Olympic medalists were included in the study. Information on life duration and cause of death for the Olympic medalists who died before January 1, 2017, was acquired from their families and acquaintances...
August 31, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
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