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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735048/emergence-of-different-acinetobacter-baumannii-clones-in-a-croatian-hospital-and-correlation-with-antibiotic-susceptibility
#1
Ranko Ladavac, Branka Bedenić, Mirna Vranić-Ladavac, Nada Barišić, Natalie Karčić, Karoline Pompe, Antun Ferenčić, Aleksandar Stojanović, Harald Seifert, Stjepan Katić, Paul G Higgins
OBJECTIVES: During routine diagnostic laboratory work, the clinical microbiologist observed an increase of Acinetobacter baumannii isolates with three different carbapenem susceptibility patterns: susceptible, intermediate and resistant. Isolates belonging to the same carbapenem susceptibility phenotype exhibited identical susceptibility/resistance patterns to non-β-lactam antibiotics. This prompted us to analyze the mechanisms of carbapenem-resistance and the molecular epidemiology of the isolates...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718299/felt-age-desired-and-expected-lifetime-in-the-context-of-health-well-being-and-successful-aging
#2
Neala Ambrosi-Randić, Marina Nekić, Ivana Tucak Junaković
This study examines the interrelations of three different aspects of the subjective age: felt, desired and expected, as well as their relations with the chronological age (CA), health, and psychological well-being variables. Four hundred and twenty-three community-dwelling Croatian adults, aged 60-95 years, participated in the study. All three subjective age measures significantly correlated with the CA. Self-rated health were better predictors of the subjective age compared to the psychological variables. Among psychological variables, successful aging was the only significant predictor of the felt and expected age, while optimism showed to be the only significant predictor of the desired age...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707120/the-ninth-international-congress-of-the-croatian-society-of-nuclear-medicine-rovinj-may-04-07-2017
#3
Dražen Huić, Sanja Kusačić Kuna, Anja Tea Golubić
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698539/croatian-rotatory-oblique-three-dimensional-osteotomy-croto-a-modified-wilson-s-osteotomy-for-adult-hallux-valgus-intended-to-prevent-dorsal-displacement-of-the-distal-fragment-and-to-reduce-shortening-of-the-first-metatarsal-bone
#4
Robert Kolundžić, Mladen Mađarević, Vladimir Trkulja, Tomislav Crnković, Igor Šmigovec, Daniel Matek
Aim To evaluate biomechanical and clinical outcomes of a newly developed modification of the Wilson's osteotomy for hallux valgus: a three-dimensional subcaptial correction of the metatarsal head position with a simultaneous lateral and plantar shift with derotation intended to reduce displacement of the distal fragment and shortening of the first metatarsal bone. Methods Thirty four feet (28 female patients) underwent the new procedure and were evaluated before and 12 to 84 months (median=25.5) after the surgery...
August 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698538/warfarin-should-not-be-used-for-thromboprohylaxis-in-elective-major-orthopaedic-surgery-a-croatian-perspective
#5
Robert Kolundžić, Marijana Šimić Jovičić, Maja Ðinkić, Tadija Petrović, Tomislav Crnković, Vladimir Trkulja
Aim To identify modes of venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in patients undergoing elective major orthopaedic surgery (total hip or knee arthroplasty, THA/TKA) at a single university-associated hospital in Croatia. Methods A retrospective analysis of consecutive patients subjected to THA or TKA over a two-year period (2014-2015) with a focus on anticoagulation during the first 15 post-surgical days (period of highest VTE risk). Results Of 603 identified patients three (0.5%) were not anticoagulated (haemophilia) and others received perioperative doses of low molecular weight heparins (LMWH)...
August 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694721/does-small-equal-predatory-analysis-of-publication-charges-and-transparency-of-editorial-policies-in-croatian-open-access-journals
#6
Jadranka Stojanovski, Ana Marušić
INTRODUCTION: We approach the problem of "predatory" journals and publishers from the perspective of small scientific communities and small journals that may sometimes be perceived as "predatory". Among other characteristics of "predatory" journals two most relevant are their business model and the quality of the editorial work. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analysed 444 Croatian open access (OA) journals in the Hrčak (portal of Croatian scientific journals) digital journal repository for the presence of article processing charges as a business model and the transparency of editorial policies...
June 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694716/transparency-and-public-accessibility-of-clinical-trial-information-in-croatia-how-it-affects-patient-participation-in-clinical-trials
#7
Ivana Šolić, Ana Stipčić, Ivančica Pavličević, Ana Marušić
INTRODUCTION: Despite increased visibility of clinical trials through international trial registries, patients often remain uninformed of their existence, especially if they do not have access to adequate information about clinical research, including the language of the information. The aim of this study was to describe the context for transparency of clinical trials in Croatia in relation to countries in Central and Eastern Europe, and to assess how informed Croatian patients are about clinical trials and their accessibility...
June 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692681/cervical-hpv-type-specific-pre-vaccination-prevalence-and-age-distribution-in-croatia
#8
Ivan Sabol, Nina Milutin Gašperov, Mihaela Matovina, Ksenija Božinović, Goran Grubišić, Ivan Fistonić, Dragan Belci, Laia Alemany, Sonja Džebro, Mara Dominis, Mario Šekerija, Sara Tous, Silvia de Sanjosé, Magdalena Grce
The main etiological factor of precancerous lesion and invasive cervical cancer are oncogenic human papillomaviruses types (HPVs). The objective of this study was to establish the distribution of the most common HPVs in different cervical lesions and cancer prior to the implementation of organized population-based cervical screening and HPV vaccination in Croatia. In this study, 4,432 cervical specimens, collected through a 16-year period, were tested for the presence of HPV-DNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with three sets of broad-spectrum primers and type-specific primers for most common low-risk (LR) types (HPV-6, 11) and the most common high-risk (HR) types (HPV-16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, 58)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676512/anemia-is-correlated-with-malnutrition-and-inflammation-in-croatian-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-multicenter-nationwide-study
#9
Josipa Radić, Nikolina Bašić-Jukić, Božidar Vujičić, Dragan Klarić, Goran Radulović, Marko Jakić, Klara Jurić, Karmela Altabas, Željka Grđan, Ivana Kovačević-Vojtušek, ValentináCorić Martinović, Nikola Janković, Marijana Gulin, Dragan Ljutić, Sanjin Rački
Malnutrition, inflammation, and anemia are common in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. In this study, correlations between Malnutrition Inflammation Score (MIS), laboratory and anthropometric parameters, and anemia indices in Croatian PD patients were analyzed. One hundred and one PD patients (males/females 54/47, age 58.71 ± 14.68 years, mean PD duration 21.82 ± 21.71 months) were included. Clinical, laboratory, and anthropometric parameters were measured. Statistically significant correlations between MIS and erythropoietin weekly dose per kg of body weight (ESA weekly dose), hemoglobin (Hb), and erythrocytes were found (r = 0...
July 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651698/an-association-between-pla2g6-and-pla2g4c-gene-polymorphisms-and-schizophrenia-risk-and-illness-severity-in-a-croatian-population
#10
Sergej Nadalin, Alena Buretić-Tomljanović
We investigated the allele and genotype frequency of the rs4375 and rs1549637 polymorphisms in phospholipase A2 (PLA2)G6 and PLA2G4C genes in 203 patients with schizophrenia and 191 controls in a Croatian population. We hypothesized that these polymorphic variations might influence the age of schizophrenia onset and Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale psychopathology (PANSS) data. We detected a significant overrepresentation of the PLA2G6-CT and PLA2G4C-AT genotype combination in patients compared with controls (14...
June 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636581/the-psylog-mobile-application-development-of-a-tool-for-the-assessment-and-monitoring-of-side-effects-of-psychotropic-medication
#11
Martina Rojnic Kuzman, Olivier Andlauer, Kai Burmeister, Boris Dvoracek, Rebekka Lencer, Katja Koelkebeck, Alexander Nawka, Florian Riese
Mobile health interventions are regarded as affordable and accessible tools that can enhance standard psychiatric care. As part of the mHealth Psycho-Educational Intervention Versus Antipsychotic-Induced Side Effects (mPIVAS) project (www.psylog.eu), we developed the mobile application "PsyLOG" based on mobile "smartphone" technology to monitor antipsychotic-induced side effects. The aim of this paper is to describe the rationale and development of the PsyLOG and its clinical use. The PsyLOG application runs on smartphones with Android operating system...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635371/deoxynivalenol-and-zearalenone-in-unprocessed-cereals-and-soybean-from-different-cultivation-regions-in-croatia
#12
Jelka Pleadin, Jadranka Frece, Tina Lešić, Manuela Zadravec, Nada Vahčić, Mladenka Malenica Staver, Ksenija Markov
The aim of this study was to investigate into the occurrence of deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEN) in unprocessed cereals and soybean sampled in 2014 and 2015 from different fields located in Croatian regions. A total of 306 samples were analyzed for DON and 415 samples for ZEN concentrations using quantitative ELISA methods. In 2014, DON and ZEN were determined in all samples in the mean concentrations of 1,461 ± 2,265 µg/kg and 656 ± 853 µg/kg, respectively, while in 2015 these means were 2,687 ± 2,731 µg/kg and 1,140 ± 1,630 µg/kg, respectively...
June 21, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627834/characteristics-and-distribution-of-penile-lesions-in-croatian-men-with-laboratory-confirmed-low-risk-and-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-hpv-infection
#13
Tomislav Mestrovic, Zora Profozic, Marijana Neuberg, Goran Kozina, Ivan Savic, Velimir Profozic
BACKGROUND: Studies that compare penoscopic evaluation with the results of molecular human papillomavirus (HPV) testing are scarce. This study assessed and compared both type and distribution of various penile lesions using penoscopy (peniscopy) technique in Croatian men with different, laboratory-confirmed HPV status. METHODS: From a large cohort of men attending an outpatient STD clinic for HPV testing, a total of 120 patients were randomly selected and grouped into those positive for low-risk HPV, high-risk HPV, both low-risk and highrisk HPV, and those with negative results...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624888/steady-state-pharmacokinetics-of-mycophenolic-acid-in-renal-transplant-patients-exploratory-analysis-of-the-effects-of-cyclosporine-recipients-and-donors-abcc2-gene-variants-and-their-interactions
#14
N Božina, Z Lalić, S Nađ-Škegro, A Borić-Bilušić, T Božina, Ž Kaštelan, V Trkulja
PURPOSE: The study aims to evaluate the impact of recipients' and donors' polymorphisms in multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2) gene ABCC2 -24C>T and 1249G>A on disposition of mycophenolic acid (MPA) and their interaction with cyclosporine (CsA) (compared to tacrolimus, TAC) in stable de novo adult renal transplant patients of Croatian origin. METHODS: A total of 68 recipient-donor pairs were genotyped. Steady-state pharmacokinetics of MPA was assessed by the model-independent method...
June 18, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613042/allele-frequencies-of-15-str-loci-in-bosnian-and-herzegovinian-population
#15
Amela Pilav, Naris Pojskić, Anesa Ahatović, Mirela Džehverović, Jasmina Čakar, Damir Marjanović
AIM: To determine newest the most accurate allele frequencies for 15 short tandem repeat (STR) loci in the Bosnian and Herzegovinian population, calculate statistical parameters, and compare them with the relevant data for seven neighboring populations. METHODS: Genomic DNA was obtained from buccal swabs of 1000 unrelated individuals from all regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Genotyping was performed using PowerPlex® 16 System to obtain allele frequencies for 15 polymorphic STR loci including D3S1358, TH01, D21S11, D18S51, Penta E, D5S818, D13S317, D7S820, D16S539, CSF1PO, Penta D, vWA, D8S1179, TPOX, and FGA...
June 14, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613039/sex-estimation-standards-for-medieval-and-contemporary-croats
#16
Željana Bašić, Ivana Kružić, Ivan Jerković, Deny Anđelinović, Šimun Anđelinović
AIM: To develop discriminant functions for sex estimation on medieval Croatian population and test their application on contemporary Croatian population. METHODS: From a total of 519 skeletons, we chose 84 adult excellently preserved skeletons free of antemortem or postmortem changes and took all standard measurements. Sex was estimated/determined using standard anthropological procedures and ancient DNA (amelogenin analysis) where pelvis was insufficiently preserved or where sex morphological indicators were not consistent...
June 14, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595782/hair-for-a-long-term-biological-indicator-tissue-for-assessing-the-strontium-nutritional-status-of-men-and-women
#17
J Prejac, V Višnjević, A A Skalny, A R Grabeklis, N Mimica, B Momčilović
Strontium (Sr) is a trace element that closely resembles calcium metabolism. At the present time there is no available long-term biological indicator tissue for assessing the human Sr nutritional status. Here we have presented a novel concept on how to assess the Sr nutritional status by studying the frequency distribution properties of hair Sr ((Sr)H) concentration. In this prospective, observational, cross-sectional, and exploratory epidemiological study, we analyzed (Sr)H in 311 apparently healthy adult Croatians (123 men, 188 women)...
July 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591430/qualitative-hplc-dad-esi-tof-ms-analysis-cytotoxic-and-apoptotic-effects-of-croatian-endemic-centaurea-ragusina-l-aqueous-extracts
#18
Mila Radan, Ivana Carev, Vele Tešević, Olivera Politeo, Vedrana Čikeš Čulić
Centaurea ragusina L., an endemic Croatian plant species, revealed a good cytotoxic activity of aqueous extracts on human bladder (T24) and human glioblastoma (A1235) cancer cell lines. The chemical constituents were tentatively identified using high performance liquid chromatography HPLC-DAD-ESI-TOF-MS in negative ionization mode. The main compounds of herba extract were sesquiterpene lactones: solstitialin A-3, 13 diacetate and epoxyrepdiolide; organic acid: quinic acid. The main compounds of flower extract were organic acids: quinic acid, citric acid and malic acid; sesquiterpene lactone: cynaropicrin; phenolic compounds: chlorogenic acid and phenylpropanoid: syringin...
June 7, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579968/problem-gambling-among-adolescent-girls-in-croatia-the-role-of-different-psychosocial-predictors
#19
Aleksandra Huic, Dora Dodig Hundric, Valentina Kranzelic, Neven Ricijas
Although, compared to boys, adolescent girls gamble less often and less problematically, prevalence studies still show significant numbers of at risk/problem gamblers among girls. However, girl gambling has been on the sidelines of adolescent gambling research. The available studies usually focus only on a narrow set of correlates often ignoring that adolescent gambling is a complex phenomenon determined by various factors. Also, they often measure gambling related consequences with instruments that are not specifically developed for use on adolescents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573965/characterization-of-croatian-rape-brassica-sp-honey-by-pollen-spectrum-physicochemical-characteristics-and-multielement-analysis-by-icp-oes
#20
Blanka Bilić Rajs, Ivana Flanjak, Jelena Mutić, Vesna Vukojević, Slađana Đurđić, Ljiljana Primorac
Rape (Brassica sp.) unifloral honey from Croatia was characterized by certain physicochemical parameters, micro- and macroelement content, and pollen spectrum, as determined in 21 honey samples. The Brassica sp. pollen type was predominant in the analyzed samples and ranged between 60 and 98%, with Trifolium spp., Robinia pseudoacacia, Rosaceae, Helianthus annuus, Salix spp., and Taraxacum officinale as the main accompanying pollen types. The electrical conductivity mean value was 0.22 ± 0.05 mS/cm and the glucose/fructose ratio mean value was 1...
June 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
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