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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904409/morphological-characterization-and-chemical-composition%C3%A2-of-fruits-of-the-traditional-croatian-chestnut-variety%C3%A2-lovran-marron
#1
Igor Poljak, Nada Vahčić, Milica Gačić, Marilena Idžojtić
'Lovran Marron' is the only known traditional Croatian variety of the sweet chestnut. The objective of this study is to specify qualitative and quantitative morphological characteristics and to analyze the chemical composition of the 'Lovran Marron' fruits as well as to compare them to Marušnjak fruits (trees from the 'Lovran Marron' seed) and fruits from the local natural sweet chestnut population. Seven morphological characteristics were measured: fruit mass, height, width and thickness, scar length and width, and the length of the longest intrusion of the seed coat into the kernel...
June 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904404/phenolic-composition-antioxidant-capacity-and-in-vitro-cytotoxicity-assessment-of-fruit-wines
#2
Ana Ljevar, Natka Ćurko, Marina Tomašević, Kristina Radošević, Višnja Gaurina Srček, Karin Kovačević Ganić
Fruit wines contain a wide range of phenolic compounds with biological effects, but their composition and potential benefits to human health have been studied to the much lesser extent compared to grape wines. The aim of this research is to study the phenolic profile of different types of fruit wines and to evaluate their antioxidant and biological potential. Commercially available fruit wines from blackberry, cherry, raspberry, blackcurrant, strawberry and apple produced in Croatia were analyzed. To the best of our knowledge, this study represents the first comprehensive screening of Croatian fruit wines...
June 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904402/microbiological-quality-and-variability-of-natural-microbiota-in-croatian-cheese-maturing-in-lambskin-sacks
#3
Jadranka Frece, Marija Vrdoljak, Mija Filipčić, Marko Jelić, Iva Čanak, Željko Jakopović, Jelka Pleadin, Ivana Gobin, Tibela Landeka Dragičević, Ksenija Markov
As in the traditional production of cheese in lambskin sacks raw cow's or sheep's milk is mostly used, the purpose of this study is to see how the production affects the microbiological quality of the cheese. To do that, we tested 39 samples of raw cow's and sheep's milk, curd, ripened cheese (15, 30 and 45 days) and lambskin sacks for native microbial population. Two-thirds of the milk, curd and cheese samples had higher counts of staphylococci and enterobacteria than permitted by regulations. Not a single sample had Salmonella and Listeria monocytogenes, but we did find Escherichia coli in sheep's milk and cheese, and yeast and mould in both types of milk and cheese...
June 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900889/campylobacter-jejuni-strains-coresistant-to-tetracycline-and-ciprofloxacin-in-patients-with-gastroenteritis-in-croatia
#4
Merica Carev, Ana Kovačić, Anita Novak, Marija Tonkić, Ana Jerončić
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic-resistant Campylobacter jejuni strains are rapidly emerging worldwide. Here, we aimed to determine the antibiotic-resistance patterns and genetic structure of C. jejuni from stool samples of symptomatic patients in Dalmatia, the largest Croatian county. METHODS: In a population-based laboratory surveillance programme for campylobacteriosis in Dalmatia from May 2012 to May 2013, C. jejuni (n = 76) were collected from stool samples of all the patients hospitalized with gastroenteritis and matched positive outpatients (n = 77)...
November 30, 2016: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899830/the-development-of-the-croatian-competency-framework-for-pharmacists
#5
Iva Mucalo, Maja Ortner Hadžiabdić, Tihana Govorčinović, Martina Šarić, Andreia Bruno, Ian Bates
Objective. To adjust and validate the Global Competency Framework (GbCF) to be relevant for Croatian community and hospital pharmacists. Methods. A descriptive study was conducted in three steps: translation, consensus development, and validation by an expert panel and public consultation. Panel members were representatives from community pharmacies, hospital pharmacies, regulatory and professional bodies, academia, and industry. Results. The adapted framework consists of 96 behavioral statements organized in four clusters: Pharmaceutical Public Health, Pharmaceutical Care, Organization and Management, and Personal and Professional Competencies...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899030/childhood-vaccine-refusal-and-hesitancy-intentions-in-croatia-insights-from-a-population-based-study
#6
Anja Repalust, Sandra Šević, Stanko Rihtar, Aleksandar Štulhofer
Considering that programmatic data suggest a recent rise in vaccine refusal in Croatia, this study, first of its kind in Southeast Europe, aimed to estimate the prevalence, and sociodemographic, and sociocultural determinants of childhood vaccine refusal and hesitancy (CVRH) intentions among Croatian adults. Multi-stage stratified population-based survey included 1000 individuals aged 18-88 years (Mage = 47.7, SD = 17.8), of whom 51.7% were women. The outcome, a categorical indicator, distinguished among individuals who would approve vaccinating their children (vaccine accepting), those who would approve some but not all vaccines (vaccine hesitant), and those who would refuse vaccination (vaccine refusing)...
November 29, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883316/to-accept-or-refuse-patient-s-gift-in-money-and-how-case-report-with-review
#7
Vesna Kos
This report describes a (rare) situation when a patient's first gift to a young doctor was in money. This happened in very specific circumstances - in a refugee camp during the War in Croatia. The data are taken from a large study on gifts, conducted on a representative sample of Croatian general practitioners (GPs), N = 265, from 2358 in total. Pro and contra factors are discussed, considering tradition and customs, but also a lack of knowledge of young doctors in handling gifts in general. The intention of this report is primarily educative, with review of (scarce) literature, and recommendations, where the generally accepted rules might have exceptions...
November 1, 2016: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883178/genotype-phenotype-correlation-in-44-czech-slovak-croatian-and-serbian-patients-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-ii
#8
Lenka Dvorakova, Hana Vlaskova, Adrijan Sarajlija, Danijela Petkovic Ramadza, Helena Poupetova, Eva Hruba, Anna Hlavata, Vladimir Bzduch, Karolina Peskova, Gabriela Storkanova, Bozica Kecman, Maja Djordjevic, Ivo Baric, Ksenija Fumic, Ingeborg Barisic, Martin Reboun, Jan Kulhanek, Jiri Zeman, Martin Magner
Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (Hunter syndrome, MPS II, OMIM 309900) is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficiency of iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS). We analysed clinical and laboratory data from 44 Slavic patients with this disease. In total, 21 Czech, 7 Slovak, 9 Croatian and 7 Serbian patients (43 M/1 F) were included in the study (median age 11.0 years, range 1.2-43 years). Birth prevalence ranged from 1:69,223 (Serbia) to 1:192,626 (Czech Rep.). In the majority of patients (71%), the disease manifested in infancy...
November 24, 2016: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875921/a-retrospective-review-of-paediatric-adverse-drug-reactions-reported-in-lombardy-and-croatia-from-2005-to-2013
#9
Carla Carnovale, Marta Gentili, Marco Matacena, Marina Dimov Di Giusti, Darko Krnic, Barbara Dolinic, Darija Kolaric, Zeljana Margan Koletic, Viola Macolic Sarinic, Maja Culjak, Ida Fortino, Luca Merlino, Emilio Clementi, Sonia Radice
OBJECTIVE: to characterise the adverse drugs reactions (ADRs) reported in the Lombard and Croatian paediatric population and to compare data to specific paediatric age groups, in terms of trend, pattern and severity of ADRs, increasing understanding of paediatric ADRs. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We selected and analysed all the spontaneous reports in which children were involved (0 < 18 years old) reported in the Lombardy and in Croatian pharmacovigilance databases from 1(th) March 2005 to 31(th) December 2013...
December 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855435/pharmacist-competences-and-impact-of-pharmacist-intervention-on-medication-adherence-an-observational-study
#10
Jelena Boskovic, Arijana Mestrovic, Marcel Leppée, Martina Bago, Zvonimir Sostar, Dario Naletilic
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine the results of pharmacist interventions on patient's adherence to drugs in community settings. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study was designed using a standard EQ-SDQ questionnaire and a Culig questionnaire about the adherence to drug. General Level Framework (GLF) was used as a tool for competence assessment among community pharmacists. Participants were pharmacists that issued the medication on repeat prescription in the pharmacy...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855431/predictors-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-6-9-weeks-after-delivery-a-prospective-cohort-study-public-mental-health-perspective
#11
Azijada Srkalović Imširagić, Dražen Begić, Iris Sarajlić, Irena Rojnić Palavra, Mirjana Orban
BACKGROUND: There are numerous benefits of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) on mother and child wellbeing. The objective was to find out whether depression, posttraumatic stress disorder and personality traits at the time of delivery are associated with EBF six to nine weeks after delivery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The targeted population were women who delivered in Croatian largest University maternity hospital. The scores of The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), The Big Five Inventory (BFI) and The Impact of Events Scale (revised) - IES-R three to five days after childbirth were measured to predict self-reported EBF status six to nine weeks after the delivery...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822747/venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-ards-outcome-analysis-of-a-croatian-referral-center-for-respiratory-ecmo
#12
Marko Kutleša, Anđa Novokmet, Renata Josipović Mraović, Bruno Baršić
BACKGROUND: The use of venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) as a rescue therapy in severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has become well established; however, the affirmation of evidence on VV-ECMO application and the analysis of patient outcomes after VV-ECMO treatment for ARDS continues. The aim of the study is to identify variables that affected the outcome of patients treated with VV-ECMO for severe ARDS outside a major ECMO center. METHODS: The study included adult patients with severe ARDS treated with ECMO at a tertiary care hospital in Zagreb, Croatia between October 2009 and July 2014...
November 7, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812403/the-impact-of-il-6-and-il-28b-gene-polymorphisms-on-treatment-outcome-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-infection-among-intravenous-drug-users-in-croatia
#13
Zoran Bogdanović, Ivana Marinović-Terzić, Sendi Kuret, Ana Jerončić, Nikola Bradarić, Gea Forempoher, Ozren Polašek, Šimun Anđelinović, Janoš Terzić
BACKGROUND: Several genes and their single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with either spontaneous resolution of hepatitis C infection or better treatment-induced viral clearance. We tested a cohort of intravenous drug users (IVDU) diagnosed with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) for treatment response and its association with the SNPs in the interleukin-6 (rs1800795-IL6) and the interleukin-28B (rs12979860-IL28B) genes. METHODS: The study included 110 Croatian IVDU positive for anti-HCV antibody...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812312/unusual-pattern-in-haemoglobin-electrophoresis-in-croatian-population-a-case-report
#14
Dragana Segulja, Danica Matisic, Lorena Honovic, Josip Batinic, Dunja Rogic
Haemoglobinopathies are hereditary disorders of globin chain synthesis and are the most common inherited diseases worldwide. Haemoglobin E is a structural haemoglobin variant characteristic for South East Asian population. We present a rare and unusual finding of haemoglobin E detected in University Hospital Centre Zagreb by capillary zone electrophoresis. Detection of haemoglobin structural variant helped to avoid misdiagnosis of sideropenic anemia and thus potentially harmful therapeutic intervention. In today's European multiethnic population haemoglobinopathies are a public health issue and Croatian laboratory professionals should be aware of a possibility of finding an unusual haemoglobin pattern...
October 15, 2016: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812308/daily-salivary-cortisol-profile-insights-from-the-croatian-late-adolescence-stress-study-class
#15
Daniela Šupe-Domić, Goran Milas, Irena Drmić Hofman, Lada Rumora, Irena Martinović Klarić
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to examine basal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity and to determine associations of various covariates (gender, sleep-wake rhythm, demographic, academic, life style and health-related characteristics) with altered daily salivary cortisol profiles in late adolescence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The total analytic sample consisted of 903 Croatian secondary school students aged 18 - 21 years (median 19 years). Salivary cortisol was sampled at home at three time points over the course of one week and its concentrations were measured by using the enzyme immunoassay...
October 15, 2016: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812307/laboratory-testing-of-extravascular-body-fluids-in-croatia-a-survey-of-the-working-group-for-extravascular-body-fluids-of-the-croatian-society-of-medical-biochemistry-and-laboratory-medicine
#16
Lara Milevoj Kopcinovic, Zeljka Vogrinc, Irena Kocijan, Jelena Culej, Merica Aralica, Anja Jokic, Dragana Antoncic, Marija Bozovic
INTRODUCTION: We hypothesized that extravascular body fluid (EBF) analysis in Croatia is not harmonized and aimed to investigate preanalytical, analytical and postanalytical procedures used in EBF analysis in order to identify key aspects that should be addressed in future harmonization attempts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous online survey created to explore laboratory testing of EBF was sent to secondary, tertiary and private health care Medical Biochemistry Laboratories (MBLs) in Croatia...
October 15, 2016: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812306/current-practice-in-laboratory-diagnostics-of-autoimmune-diseases-in-croatia-%C3%A2-survey-of-the-working-group-for-laboratory-diagnostics-of-autoimmune-diseases-of-the-croatian-society-of-medical-biochemistry-and-laboratory-medicine
#17
Andrea Tešija Kuna, Lovorka Đerek, Ana Kozmar, Vedrana Drvar
INTRODUCTION: With the trend of increasing incidence of autoimmune diseases, laboratories are faced with exponential growth of the requests for tests relating the diagnosis of these diseases. Unfortunately, the lack of laboratory personnel experienced in this specific discipline of laboratory diagnostic, as well as an unawareness of a method limitation often results in confusion for clinicians. The aim was to gain insight into number and type of Croatian laboratories that perform humoral diagnostics with the final goal to improve and harmonize laboratory diagnostics of autoimmune diseases in Croatia...
October 15, 2016: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812301/blood-gas-testing-and-related-measurements-national-recommendations-on-behalf-of-the-croatian-society-of-medical-biochemistry-and-laboratory-medicine
#18
REVIEW
Lora Dukić, Lara Milevoj Kopčinović, Adrijana Dorotić, Ivana Baršić
Blood gas analysis (BGA) is exposed to risks of errors caused by improper sampling, transport and storage conditions. The Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) generated documents with recommendations for avoidance of potential errors caused by sample mishandling. Two main documents related to BGA issued by the CLSI are GP43-A4 (former H11-A4) Procedures for the collection of arterial blood specimens; approved standard - fourth edition, and C46-A2 Blood gas and pH analysis and related measurements; approved guideline - second edition...
October 15, 2016: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809349/genetic-and-morphological-variation-in-an-ecosystem-engineer-lithophyllum-byssoides-corallinales-rhodophyta
#19
Laura Pezzolesi, Annalisa Falace, Sara Kaleb, Jazmin J Hernandez-Kantun, Carlo Cerrano, Fabio Rindi
Lithophyllum byssoides is a common coralline alga in the intertidal zone of Mediterranean coasts, where it produces biogenic concretions housing a high algal and invertebrate biodiversity. This species is an ecosystem engineer and is considered a target for conservation efforts, but designing effective conservation strategies currently is impossible due to lack of information about its population structure. The morphological and molecular variation of L. byssoides was investigated using morphoanatomy and DNA sequences (psbA and cox2,3) obtained from populations at 15 localities on the Italian and Croatian coasts...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806009/tapering-practices-of-croatian-open-class-powerlifting-champions
#20
Jozo Grgic, Pavle Mikulic
The aim of this study was to explore tapering practices among 10 Croatian open-class powerlifting champions (mean ± SD: age 29.2 ± 3.2 years; Wilks coefficient 355.1 ± 54.8). The athletes were interviewed about their tapering practices using a semi-structured interview, after which the audio content was transcribed. The athletes reported decreasing training volume during the taper by 50.5 ± 11.7% using a step type or an exponential type of taper with a fast decay. Training intensity was maintained or increased during the taper, and it reached its highest values 8 ± 3 days before the competition...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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