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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938142/insulin-regimens-and-glycemic-control-in-different-parts-of-europe-over-4years-after-starting-insulin-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-data-from-the-credit-non-interventional-study
#1
Lawrence Blonde, Michel Marre, Maya Vincent, Sandrine Brette, Valerie Pilorget, Nicholas Danchin, Giacomo Vespasiani, Philip Home
AIMS: A number of insulin regimens are used in type 2 diabetes. This analysis aims to better understand the evolution of insulin therapy in different regions of Europe. METHODS: Data from people starting any insulin were collected in eastern Europe (EEur: Croatia, Russia, Ukraine), northern Europe (NEur: Finland, Germany, UK) and southern Europe (SEur: France, Italy, Portugal, Spain). Retrospective data on starting insulin and prospective follow-up data were extracted from clinical records...
August 31, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934639/changes-in-nursing-students-expectations-of-nursing-clinical-faculties-competences-a-longitudinal-mixed-methods-study
#2
Robert Lovrić, Nada Prlić, Dragana Milutinović, Igor Marjanac, Boštjan Žvanut
BACKGROUND: Changes in nursing students' expectations of their clinical nursing faculty competences over the course of time are an insufficiently researched phenomenon. OBJECTIVES: To explore what competences BSc nursing students expect from their clinical faculties during their clinical training, and whether their expectations changed during their three-year studies. Furthermore, to survey factors which influenced their expectations and whether the fulfilment levels of their expectations influenced their feelings, learning, and behaviour...
September 8, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934073/essentialist-beliefs-about-homosexuality-predict-positive-and-negative-behavioral-intentions-toward-lesbian-women-and-gay-men
#3
Aleksandra Huic, Margareta Jelic, Zeljka Kamenov
This study focuses on essentialist beliefs about homosexuality as determinants of discriminatory intentions against gay men and lesbian women (LG), and the readiness to engage in positive action toward them. A sample of 997 exclusively heterosexual adults participated in an on-line study set in Croatia, a country with high homophobia undergoing social change which threatens the higher status of the heterosexual majority. Beliefs about immutability and universality of homosexuality were associated with less intentions to discriminate, and more readiness to engage in positive behavior, while discreteness beliefs were inversely related to both...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923181/centenarians-in-europe
#4
Laetitia Teixeira, Lia Araújo, Daniela Jopp, Oscar Ribeiro
OBJECTIVES: The group of individuals aged 80 and over is growing faster than other segments of the population, and within this group the number of centenarians has risen exponentially worldwide. This paper reports the numbers of centenarians (total, and ratio relative to total population) in 32 European countries and their key characteristics: gender distribution, level of education, and type of residence. STUDY DESIGN: Population based study. MEASURES: We used national census data collected in 2011 for individuals aged 100 and over living in Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK...
October 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915786/nutrition-in-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-the-continental-and-mediterranean-regions-of-croatia
#5
Jozica Sikic, Mira Stipcevic, Hrvoje Vrazic, Jasna Cerkez Habek, Eduard Margetic, Dario Gulin
BACKGROUND: The aim of this observational study was to evaluate the effect of Mediterranean and continental nutrition on cardiovascular risk in patients with acute and chronic coronary heart disease in Croatia. METHODS: The study included 1284 patients who were hospitalized in a 28-month period due to acute or chronic ischaemic heart disease in hospitals across Croatia. An individual questionnaire was prepared which enabled recording of various cardiovascular risk factors...
September 16, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913757/mycobacterium-shimoidei-cavitary-pulmonary-disease-with-favorable-outcome
#6
Vide Popovic, Dragan Arar, Dragica Roso Popovic, Igor Barisic, Marija Tonkic, Irena Peric, Anita Novak, Zana Rubic, Vera Katalinic-Jankovic, Mateja Jankovic Makek, Ivana Goic-Barisic
We report a case of cavitary pulmonary disease caused by Mycobacterium shimoidei in 67-year-old female with history of asthma. Even though susceptibility testing was not available, choice of treatment regimen (streptomycin, rifampicin, ethambutol, and clarithromycin), based on a few cases with favorable outcome reported in the literature, resulted with an excellent clinical, microbiological, and radiological response. This is the first report of pulmonary disease caused by M. shimoidei, but also the first ever isolation of M...
September 14, 2017: Folia Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905230/molecular-detection-of-anaplasma-platys-anaplasma-phagocytophilum-and-wolbachia-sp-but-not-ehrlichia-canis-in-croatian-dogs
#7
Doroteja Huber, Irena Reil, Sanja Duvnjak, Daria Jurković, Damir Lukačević, Miroslav Pilat, Ana Beck, Željko Mihaljević, Lea Vojta, Adam Polkinghorne, Relja Beck
The bacteria Anaplasma platys, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Ehrlichia canis are tick-borne agents that cause canine vector-borne disease. The prevalence of these pathogens in South Eastern Europe is unknown with the exception of an isolated case of A. platys detected in a dog imported into Germany from Croatia. To gain a better insight into their presence and prevalence, PCR-based screening for these bacterial pathogens was performed on domesticated dogs from different regions of Croatia. Blood samples from 1080 apparently healthy dogs from coastal and continental parts of Croatia as well as tissue samples collected from 63 deceased dogs with a history of anaemia and thrombocytopenia were collected for molecular screening by an Anaplasmataceae-specific 16S rRNA conventional PCR...
September 14, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903698/media-violence-and-other-aggression-risk-factors-in-seven-nations
#8
Craig A Anderson, Kanae Suzuki, Edward L Swing, Christopher L Groves, Douglas A Gentile, Sara Prot, Chun Pan Lam, Akira Sakamoto, Yukiko Horiuchi, Barbara Krahé, Margareta Jelic, Wei Liuqing, Roxana Toma, Wayne A Warburton, Xue-Min Zhang, Sachi Tajima, Feng Qing, Poesis Petrescu
Cultural generality versus specificity of media violence effects on aggression was examined in seven countries (Australia, China, Croatia, Germany, Japan, Romania, the United States). Participants reported aggressive behaviors, media use habits, and several other known risk and protective factors for aggression. Across nations, exposure to violent screen media was positively associated with aggression. This effect was partially mediated by aggressive cognitions and empathy. The media violence effect on aggression remained significant even after statistically controlling a number of relevant risk and protective factors (e...
July 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893178/evaluation-design-of-urban-health-centres-europe-uhce-preventive-integrated-health-and-social-care-for-community-dwelling-older-persons-in-five-european-cities
#9
Carmen B Franse, Antonius J J Voorham, Rob van Staveren, Elin Koppelaar, Rens Martijn, Elisa Valía-Cotanda, Tamara Alhambra-Borrás, Tasos Rentoumis, Lovorka Bilajac, Vanja Vasiljev Marchesi, Tomislav Rukavina, Arpana Verma, Greg Williams, Gary Clough, Jorge Garcés-Ferrer, Francesco Mattace Raso, Hein Raat
BACKGROUND: Older persons often have interacting physical and social problems and complex care needs. An integrated care approach in the local context with collaborations between community-, social-, and health-focused organisations can contribute to the promotion of independent living and quality of life. In the Urban Health Centres Europe (UHCE) project, five European cities (Greater Manchester, United Kingdom; Pallini (in Greater Athens Area), Greece; Rijeka, Croatia; Rotterdam, the Netherlands; and Valencia, Spain) develop and implement a care template that integrates health and social care and includes a preventive approach...
September 11, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879543/apex-predatory-mammals-as-bioindicator-species-in-environmental-monitoring-of-elements-in-dinaric-alps-croatia
#10
Maja Lazarus, Ankica Sekovanić, Tatjana Orct, Slaven Reljić, Josip Kusak, Jasna Jurasović, Đuro Huber
Tissue element investigations of apex terrestrial mammals are very scarce in Europe. We quantified 16 essential and nonessential elements in the kidney cortex, liver, and muscle tissue of 467 brown bears (Ursus arctos), 125 gray wolves (Canis lupus), one Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx), and three golden jackals (Canis aureus) from Croatia by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Renal cadmium (0.6% of animals) and lead (1%) and hepatic lead (5%) were found in toxicologically relevant levels for mammals only in bears, while the other elements were within normal range...
September 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874524/direct-dating-of-neanderthal-remains-from-the-site-of-vindija-cave-and-implications-for-the-middle-to-upper-paleolithic-transition
#11
Thibaut Devièse, Ivor Karavanić, Daniel Comeskey, Cara Kubiak, Petra Korlević, Mateja Hajdinjak, Siniša Radović, Noemi Procopio, Michael Buckley, Svante Pääbo, Tom Higham
Previous dating of the Vi-207 and Vi-208 Neanderthal remains from Vindija Cave (Croatia) led to the suggestion that Neanderthals survived there as recently as 28,000-29,000 B.P. Subsequent dating yielded older dates, interpreted as ages of at least ∼32,500 B.P. We have redated these same specimens using an approach based on the extraction of the amino acid hydroxyproline, using preparative high-performance liquid chromatography (Prep-HPLC). This method is more efficient in eliminating modern contamination in the bone collagen...
September 5, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870258/opportunities-and-challenges-in-rheumatology-research-in-central-europe
#12
EDITORIAL
Zoltán Szekanecz, Branimir Anic, Gábor Héjj, Iztok Holc, Aniella Hunka, Eugene Kucharz, Klaus Machold, Miroslav Mayer, Artur Pahor, Rudolf Puchner, Jozef Rovensky, Ladislav Senolt, Alena Tuchynova, Jiri Vencovsky, Josef S Smolen
The Central European Congress of Rheumatology (CECR) has been organized by seven Central European countries: Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia. These countries have lots of similarities, but also differences, with respect to rheumatology research. In this paper, based on questionnaires, we wish to demonstrate achievements and difficulties in rheumatology research performed in our region.
September 4, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857525/discourse-ethics-public-health-abortion-and-conscientious-objection-in-croatia
#13
Ana Borovečki, Sanja Babić-Bosanac
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857523/awareness-and-use-of-evidence-based-medicine-information-among-patients-in-croatia-a-nation-wide-cross-sectional-study
#14
Danijel Nejašmić, Ivana Miošić, Davorka Vrdoljak, Snježana Permozer Hajdarović, Marion Tomičić, Rudika Gmajnić, Ines Diminić Lisica, Jelena Sironić Hreljanović, Vlatka Pleh, Venija Cerovečki, Anita Tomljenović, Sanja Bekić, Minka Jerčić, Karla Tuđa, Livia Puljak
AIM: To determine the use of evidence-based medicine (EBM) information and the level of awareness and knowledge of EBM among patients in Croatia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 987 patients in 10 family medicine practices in Croatia. Patients from both urban (n=496) and rural (n=482) areas were surveyed. A 27-item questionnaire was used to collect data about sources that patients searched for medical information, patient awareness and use of Cochrane systematic reviews and other EBM resources, and their demographic characteristics...
August 31, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857519/mortality-and-causes-of-death-among-croatian-male-olympic-medalists
#15
Vedran Radonić, Damir Kozmar, Darko Počanić, Helena Jerkić, Ivan Bohaček, Tomislav Letilović
AIM: To compare the overall and disease-specific mortality of Croatian male athletes who won one or more Olympic medals representing Yugoslavia from 1948 to 1988 or Croatia from 1992 to 2016, and the general Croatian male population standardized by age and time period. METHODS: All 233 Croatian male Olympic medalists were included in the study. Information on life duration and cause of death for the Olympic medalists who died before January 1, 2017, was acquired from their families and acquaintances...
August 31, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857412/epidemiological-and-clinical-features-of-leptospirosis-in-a-highly-endemic-area-over-three-time-periods
#16
Ljiljana Mišić-Majerus, Josipa Habuš, Zrinka Štritof, Nevenka Bujić, Vesna Mađarić, Gordana Kolaric-Sviben, Silvijo Vince, Zdenka Peršić, Nenad Turk
OBJECTIVES: To present the features of human leptospirosis over three time periods (1970-1975; 2000-2005; 2010-2015), to compare the collected data and determine whether the incidence, seasonal and spatial distribution, prevalence of presumptive infective serogroups and clinical features have changed over the last 50 years. METHODS: Epidemiological and clinical data obtained from patients hospitalized and treated in a focus of leptospirosis, Koprivnica-Križevci County in Croatia, were analysed...
August 31, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851425/direct-evidence-for-an-expanded-circulation-area-of-the-recently-identified-balkan-virus-sandfly-fever-naples-virus-species-in-several-countries-of-the-balkan-archipelago
#17
Nazli Ayhan, Bulent Alten, Vladimir Ivovic, Vit Dvořák, Franjo Martinkovic, Jasmin Omeragic, Jovana Stefanovska, Dusan Petric, Slavica Vaselek, Devrim Baymak, Ozge E Kasap, Petr Volf, Remi N Charrel
BACKGROUND: Recently, Balkan virus (BALKV, family Phenuiviridae, genus Phlebovirus) was discovered in sand flies collected in Albania and genetically characterised as a member of the Sandfly fever Naples species complex. To gain knowledge concerning the geographical area where exposure to BALKV exists, entomological surveys were conducted in 2014 and 2015, in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH), Kosovo, Republic of Macedonia and Serbia. RESULTS: A total of 2830 sand flies were trapped during 2014 and 2015 campaigns, and organised as 263 pools...
August 29, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844101/monitoring-of-selected-pharmaceuticals-in-surface-waters-of-croatia
#18
Martina Ivešić, Adela Krivohlavek, Irena Žuntar, Sonja Tolić, Sandra Šikić, Valerija Musić, Ivan Pavlić, Andrea Bursik, Nives Galić
Sulfonamides, macrolides, torasemide, fumagillin, and chloramphenicol were simultaneously analyzed in surface water samples by using solid-phase extraction (SPE) and reversed-phase (RP) liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS). In the pre-concentration and clean-up process, the pH value of samples and volume of the solvent for extraction of analytes from cartridge were optimized. Extraction recoveries were high with values in the range from 62 to 115%. Limits of quantification (LoQ) were in the range from 0...
August 26, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828483/global-prevalence-of-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-among-children-and-youth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Shannon Lange, Charlotte Probst, Gerrit Gmel, Jürgen Rehm, Larry Burd, Svetlana Popova
Importance: Prevalence estimates are essential to effectively prioritize, plan, and deliver health care to high-needs populations such as children and youth with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). However, most countries do not have population-level prevalence data for FASD. Objective: To obtain prevalence estimates of FASD among children and youth in the general population by country, by World Health Organization (WHO) region, and globally. Data Sources: MEDLINE, MEDLINE in process, EMBASE, Education Resource Information Center, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Science, PsychINFO, and Scopus were systematically searched for studies published from November 1, 1973, through June 30, 2015, without geographic or language restrictions...
August 21, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826679/worldwide-burden-of-and-trends-in-mortality-from-gallbladder-and-other-biliary-tract-cancers
#20
Lindsey A Torre, Rebecca L Siegel, Farhad Islami, Freddie Bray, Ahmedin Jemal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gallbladder cancer has a low rate of survival, a unique geographic distribution, and is associated with lifestyle factors that have changed in recent decades. Little is known about the extent to which behavioral patterns have affected global trends in gallbladder cancer. We investigated recent mortality patterns and trends worldwide. METHODS: We collected data from the World Health Organization's Cancer Mortality Database to examine sex-specific, age-standardized rates of death from gallbladder and other biliary tract cancers (excluding intrahepatic bile duct cancer; ICD-9 code 156 or ICD-10 C23-24)...
August 18, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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