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Marko Šimunović, Joško Božić, Lukrecija Milić, Ivana Unić, Veselin Škrabić
Obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS) are one of the biggest public health issues in child and adolescent population. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this hospital based study is the first report on the prevalence of MS in obese children and adolescents in Dalmatia, the Mediterranean part of Croatia. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of individual cardiovascular risk factors and MS. Between January 2009 and June 2014, 201 obese subjects aged 6 to 18 were analyzed retrospectively from our Pediatric Endocrine Unit database...
2016: International Journal of Endocrinology
Maja Rupnik, Arjana Tambic Andrasevic, Elena Trajkovska Dokic, Ivanka Matas, Milica Jovanovic, Selma Pasic, Aleksander Kocuvan, Sandra Janezic
While Clostridium difficile epidemiology is well documented in many European countries, data are largely missing for South Eastern European region. Here we report the PCR ribotype distribution of 249 C. difficile isolates received for typing from six hospital settings from Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republic of Macedonia and Serbia in time period from 2008 to 2015. Twenty-four PCR ribotypes were detected. The majority of strains from Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia belonged to PCR ribotype 027 (65.8%)...
October 14, 2016: Anaerobe
Sanja Pintarić, Ivan Zeljković, Gordana Pehnec, Višnja Nesek, Mislav Vrsalović, Hrvoje Pintarić
The aim of this study was to investigate whether nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O3), and certain meteorological conditions had an impact on cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related emergency department (ED) visits in the metropolitan area of Zagreb. This retrospective, ecological study included 20,228 patients with a cardiovascular disease as their primary diagnosis who were examined in the EDs of two Croatian University Hospitals, Sisters of Charity and Holy Spirit, in the study period July 2008-June 2010. The median of daily CVD-related ED visits during the study period was 28 and was the highest during winter...
September 1, 2016: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
Anna Agakova, Frano Vučković, Lucija Klarić, Gordan Lauc, Felix Agakov
Ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) is the established technology for accurate analysis of IgG Fc N-glycosylation due to its superior sensitivity, resolution, speed, and its capability to provide branch-specific information of glycan species. Correct and cost-efficient preprocessing of chromatographic data is the major prerequisite for subsequent analyses ranging from inference of structural isomers to biomarker discovery and prediction of humoral immune response from characterized changes in glycosylation...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
August Cesarec, Robert Likić
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and has considerable impact on healthcare budgets and patients' quality of life. Trastuzumab (Herceptin(®)) is a monoclonal antibody directed against the human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER2) for the treatment of breast cancer. Several trastuzumab biosimilars are currently in development. In 2015, trastuzumab was the drug with the highest financial consumption among all drugs in Croatia. This model estimates the 1-year budget impact of the introduction of biosimilar trastuzumab in Croatia...
October 11, 2016: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
Viktor Ulicsni, Ingvar Svanberg, Zsolt Molnár
BACKGROUND: There is scarce information about European folk knowledge of wild invertebrate fauna. We have documented such folk knowledge in three regions, in Romania, Slovakia and Croatia. We provide a list of folk taxa, and discuss folk biological classification and nomenclature, salient features, uses, related proverbs and sayings, and conservation. METHODS: We collected data among Hungarian-speaking people practising small-scale, traditional agriculture. We studied "all" invertebrate species (species groups) potentially occurring in the vicinity of the settlements...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Kelvin Kf Tsoi, Hoyee W Hirai, Felix Ch Chan, Sian Griffiths, Joseph Jy Sung
BACKGROUND & AIM: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a condition with preponderance in the elderly. The aim of this study is to estimate future CRC incidence with respect to the ageing population, and compare trends across developing and developed regions. METHODS: Cancer and population data were extracted from the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Annual incidence rates for the major types of cancer in 118 selected populations were extracted from 102 cancer registries in 39 countries worldwide...
October 5, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Snjezana Cukljek, Vesna Juresa, Janko Babic
Education of nurses in the Republic of Croatia is being developed as a result of compliance with education in the European Union and the implementation of nursing research that leads to the growth of the whole profession. However, prejudice against the nursing profession is still present and therefore it is necessary to explore the attitudes of the general population and the population of nurses in the nursing profession in order to discover the causes of such prejudices and act on them. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to present transcultural adaptation and validation of the Nursing Image Questionnaire, which was created by Toth and associates (1998)...
September 23, 2016: Nurse Education Today
Igor Jerković, Zvonimir Marijanović, Marina Zekić, Carlo I G Tuberoso
Rare Moltkia petraea (Tratt.) Griseb. honey from Croatia was first time characterised. The spectrophotometric assays on CIE L*a*b*Cab *hab ° colour coordinates, total phenol content and antioxidant capacity (FRAP, CUPRAC, DPPH(●) and ABTS(●+) assays) determined higher honey values generally close to dark honeys ranges. Headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) on two fibres after GC-FID and GC-MS revealed the major compounds 2-phenylacetaldehyde (12.8%; 15.6%), benzaldehyde (11.1%; 10.0%), octane (9...
October 8, 2016: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Simona Hvalič-Touzery, Hanna Hopia, Sanna Sihvonen, Sadhna Diwan, Soma Sen, Brigita Skela-Savič
BACKGROUND: Internationalization of practical training in health and social care study programs is an important aspect of higher education. However, field mentors' and classroom teachers' competence in guiding culturally diverse students varies widely in European countries, and the majority does not have enough training in guiding foreign students. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine which factors enhance the efficacy of international practical placement experiences in health and social care study programs...
September 28, 2016: Nurse Education Today
Ivana Goic-Barisic, Jasna Hrenovic, Ana Kovacic, Martina Šeruga Musić
Six carbapenem-resistant isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii were recovered from untreated and treated municipal wastewater of the capital city of Zagreb, Croatia. Molecular identification of environmental isolates of A. baumannii was performed by amplification, sequencing, and phylogenetic analyses of rpoB gene. The presence of blaOXA genes encoding OXA-type carbapenemases (OXA-51-like, OXA-23, and OXA-40-like) was confirmed by multiplex PCR and sequencing. Phylogenetic analyses corroborated the affiliation of detected blaOXA genes to three different clusters and showed association of environmental OXAs with those described from clinical isolates...
October 2016: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
Krešimir Matoš, Zrinka Jurec, Ivan Galić, Marin Vodanović
INTRODUCTION: Occupational diseases are diseases caused by occupational exposures at the workplace, while diseases related to work are diseases caused by many factors, wherein the harmful work conditions are one of the possible causes. Dental medicine is a profession with a high risk of developing occupational diseases. The aim of this paper was to present the results of a survey about occupational health risks and health related habits among dental students at the School of Dental Medicine University of Zagreb and to show how this survey led to an improvement in education by introducing a new course into the dental curriculum...
March 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Gregory Polyzois, Panagiotis Lagouvardos, Josip Kranjcic, Denis Vojvodic
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate through a questionnaire the knowledge, attitudes and possible differences in the use of flexible RPDPs among dentists in Greece and Croatia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire of 16 questions was originally created in English, translated into Greek and Croatian language following a two way translation and tested for apprehension, precision, clarity and homogeneity by a number of native English speaking Greek and Croatian dentists...
December 2015: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Marijana Radić, Tomislav Benjak, Vlasta Dečković Vukres, Željko Rotim, Irina Filipović Zore
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is the most common oral disease affecting all age groups and a major cause of tooth loss. Although a decrease in the prevalence of dental caries has been marked across the globe, in many countries it has remained a major oral-health problem. AIM: The objective of this paper was to show the trends in the DMFT/dmft index ​​in Croatia, compare it with European countries and present further courses of action oriented towards promotion of oral health and decrease in caries prevalence...
December 2015: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Maris Hindrikson, Jaanus Remm, Malgorzata Pilot, Raquel Godinho, Astrid Vik Stronen, Laima Baltrūnaité, Sylwia D Czarnomska, Jennifer A Leonard, Ettore Randi, Carsten Nowak, Mikael Åkesson, José Vicente López-Bao, Francisco Álvares, Luis Llaneza, Jorge Echegaray, Carles Vilà, Janis Ozolins, Dainis Rungis, Jouni Aspi, Ladislav Paule, Tomaž Skrbinšek, Urmas Saarma
The grey wolf (Canis lupus) is an iconic large carnivore that has increasingly been recognized as an apex predator with intrinsic value and a keystone species. However, wolves have also long represented a primary source of human-carnivore conflict, which has led to long-term persecution of wolves, resulting in a significant decrease in their numbers, genetic diversity and gene flow between populations. For more effective protection and management of wolf populations in Europe, robust scientific evidence is crucial...
September 28, 2016: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
Antti Oksanen, Mar Siles-Lucas, Jacek Karamon, Alessia Possenti, Franz J Conraths, Thomas Romig, Patrick Wysocki, Alice Mannocci, Daniele Mipatrini, Giuseppe La Torre, Belgees Boufana, Adriano Casulli
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to provide a systematic review on the geographical distribution of Echinococcus multilocularis in definitive and intermediate hosts in the European Union (EU) and adjacent countries (AC). The relative importance of the different host species in the life-cycle of this parasite was highlighted and gaps in our knowledge regarding these hosts were identified. METHODS: Six databases were searched for primary research studies published from 1900 to 2015...
September 28, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
M Huic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
D Korolija Marinic, S Varga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
M Kucan, D Vitezic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
Mile Vuković, Dušanka Matić, Ana Kovač, Irena Vuković, Chris Code
PURPOSE: Public awareness of aphasia has been surveyed in a number of countries revealing that it is universally low. We report results of surveys in the Balkan countries Serbia and Montenegro and compare results with data from Croatia and Slovenia. METHODS: Convenience surveys of the general public were conducted in public places like shopping centers/malls and parks in Serbia (N = 400) and Montenegro (N = 500) using an adapted version of the public awareness of aphasia survey questionnaire...
September 27, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
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