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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785606/where-did-roman-masons-get-their-material-from-a-preliminary-drifts-pca-investigation-on-mortar-aggregates-from-x-regio-buildings-in-the-veneto-area-ne-italy-and-their-potential-sources
#1
Alessandra De Lorenzi Pezzolo, Michela Colombi, Gian Antonio Mazzocchin
In this work, preliminary results are presented of an ongoing investigation aiming to identify the possible material sources employed by ancient Romans in their building activity in the X Regio, the European region corresponding to present north-eastern Italy and Istria (Croatia and Slovenia). The 63-420 μm fraction of the aggregate component recovered from eleven mortar fragments of buildings located in the Veneto area (in or close to Lio Piccolo, Vicenza, and Padua) is studied by diffuse reflection infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy and compared through principal component analysis to samples collected from local potential sources of raw materials...
May 22, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785603/trace-and-macro-elements-in-the-femoral-bone-as-indicators-of-long-term-environmental-exposure-to-toxic-metals-in-european-brown-bear-ursus-arctos-from-croatia
#2
Maja Lazarus, Tatjana Orct, Slaven Reljić, Marija Sedak, Nina Bilandžić, Jasna Jurasović, Đuro Huber
We explored the long-term accumulation of aluminium, strontium, cadmium and lead in the compact and trabecular bone of the femoral epiphysis, metaphysis and diaphysis in 41 brown bears (Ursus arctos) from Croatia. Also, we assessed their influence on macro and trace elements (sodium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, cobalt, copper, zinc and barium) in bears' bone. There were no sex differences in element levels in general, while age was associated with bone length and levels of all elements, except for cadmium...
May 21, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783084/organochlorine-pesticides-ocps-and-polychlorinated-biphenyls-pcbs-in-cyprinidae-fish-towards-hints-of-their-arrangements-using-advanced-classification-methods
#3
Snježana Herceg Romanić, Gordana Vuković, Darija Klinčić, Marijana Matek Sarić, Ivan Župan, Davor Antanasijević, Aleksandar Popović
To tackle the ever-present global concern regarding human exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) via food products, this study strived to indicate associations between organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in lake-fish tissue depending on the species and sampling season. Apart from the monitoring initiatives recommended in the Global Monitoring Plan for POPs, the study discussed 7 OCPs and 18 PCB congeners determined in three Cyprinidae species (rudd, carp, and Prussian carp) from Vransko Lake (Croatia), which are widely domesticated and reared as food fish across Europe and Asia...
May 18, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782309/in-memoriam-assistant-professor-kre%C3%A5-imir-kostovi%C3%A4-md-phd-16-october-1969-15-october-2017
#4
Branka Marinović
On a Sunday afternoon almost six months ago, we were deeply moved by the news that our Krešimir is no longer with us. The sad news spread from Sarajevo with the speed only most horrible and saddest news can achieve. And everybody who was reached by these news wondered whether it was possible and whether it was true. Because our professor Kostović left us a day before his 48th birthday. Krešimir Kostović was born on the 16th October 1969 in Zagreb, where he completed primary and secondary education. He enrolled at the University of Zagreb School of Medicine in 1988, and got his medical degree in 1995...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782297/treatment-of-scabies-and-pediculosis-in-health-education-publications-and-folk-medicine-of-eastern-croatia-slavonija-baranja-and-western-srijem-county
#5
Ivanka Muršić, Igor Kuric, Marija Raguž, Tatjana Kovačević, Dora Muršić
Scabies and pediculosis are common parasitic infestations of the skin and hair, manifesting with intense pruritus and effectively treated with modern medications. Because of the attached social stigma linking it with poverty and poor hygiene, patients will often attempt alternative folk-based remedies before confiding in their physicians. We conducted a comprehensive bibliographical study of historic folk literature and interviewed 70 individuals experienced in everyday application of folk medicine in order to categorize available remedies and provide a modern, scientific comment on their effectiveness and dangers...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777924/views-and-experiences-with-regard-to-antibiotic-use-of-hospitalised-patients-in-five-european-countries-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#6
V Zanichelli, A A Monnier, G Tebano, M Stanić Benić, I C Gyssens, C Pulcini, V Vlahović-Palčevski, M Schindler, S Harbarth, M Hulscher, B D Huttner
OBJECTIVES: To explore inpatients experiences and views with regard to antibiotics in 5 European hospitals. METHODS: Qualitative study where a patient-centred framework was used to explore inpatients' experiences concerning antibiotic treatment. A purposeful sample of inpatients treated with antibiotics in 5 hospitals (Belgium-BE, Croatia-HR, France-FR, Netherlands-NL, Switzerland-CH) participated in interviews (all centres) and focus groups (CH). RESULTS: 31 interviews (BE=5, HR=10, F=9, NL=5, CH=2) and three focus groups (CH= 11 participants) were performed...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770268/do-natural-disasters-affect-voting-behavior-evidence-from-croatian-floods
#7
Kosta Bovan, Benjamin Banai, Irena Pavela Banai
Introduction: Studies show that natural disasters influence voters' perception of incumbent politicians. To investigate whether voters are prone to punish politicians for events that are out of their control, this study was conducted in the previously unstudied context of Croatia, and by considering some of the methodological issues of previous studies. Method: Matching method technique was used, which ensures that affected and non-affected areas are matched on several control variables...
April 6, 2018: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769748/comparative-ecologic-relationships-of-saturated-fat-sucrose-food-groups-and-a-mediterranean-food-pattern-score-to-50-year-coronary-heart-disease-mortality-rates-among-16-cohorts-of-the-seven-countries-study
#8
Daan Kromhout, Alessandro Menotti, Adalberta Alberti-Fidanza, Paolo Emilio Puddu, Peter Hollman, Anthony Kafatos, Hanna Tolonen, Hisashi Adachi, David R Jacobs
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We studied the ecologic relationships of food groups, macronutrients, eating patterns, and an a priori food pattern score (Mediterranean Adequacy Index: MAI) with long-term CHD mortality rates in the Seven Countries Study. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Sixteen cohorts (12,763 men aged 40-59 years) were enrolled in the 1960s in seven countries (US, Finland, The Netherlands, Italy, Greece, former Yugoslavia: Croatia/Serbia, Japan). Dietary surveys were carried out at baseline and only in a subsample of each cohort...
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764527/an-outbreak-of-haemorrhagic-fever-with-renal-syndrome-linked-with-mountain-recreational-activities-in-zagreb-croatia-2017
#9
Z Lovrić, B Kolarić, M L Kosanović Ličina, M Tomljenović, O Đaković Rode, K Danis, B Kaić, V Tešić
In 2017 Zagreb faced the largest outbreak of haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) to date. We investigated to describe the extent of the outbreak and identify risk factors for infection. We compared laboratory-confirmed cases of Hantavirus infection in Zagreb residents with the onset of illness after 1 January 2017, with individually matched controls from the same household or neighbourhood. We calculated adjusted matched odds ratios (amOR) using conditional logistic regression. During 2017, 104 cases were reported: 11-81 years old (median 37) and 71% (73) male...
May 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761281/characteristics-quality-and-contribution-to-signal-detection-of-spontaneous-reports-of-adverse-drug-reactions-via-the-web-radr-mobile-application-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#10
Ingrid Oosterhuis, Henric Taavola, Philip M Tregunno, Petar Mas, Sara Gama, Victoria Newbould, Ola Caster, Linda Härmark
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous reporting of suspected adverse drug reactions is key for efficient post-marketing safety surveillance. To increase usability and accessibility of reporting tools, the Web-Recognising Adverse Drug Reactions (WEB-RADR) consortium developed a smartphone application (app) based on a simplified reporting form. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the characteristics, quality and contribution to signals of reports submitted via the WEB-RADR app...
May 14, 2018: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757974/evidencing-protective-and-risk-factors-for-harmful-alcohol-drinking-in-adolescence-a-prospective-analysis-of-sport-participation-and-scholastic-achievement-in-older-adolescents-from-croatia
#11
Sime Devcic, Damir Sekulic, Divo Ban, Zvonimir Kutlesa, Jelena Rodek, Dorica Sajber
Background : The prevalence of alcohol drinking (AD) in Croatian adolescents is alarming, but there is an evident lack of prospective analyses of the protective/risk factors of AD. This study aimed to prospectively investigate the relationships between scholastic and sport factors and harmful alcohol drinking (HD) in older adolescents. Methods : The participants (n = 644, 53.7% females) were 16 years of age at study baseline and were tested at baseline and again 20 months later (follow-up). The predictors included four variables of scholastic achievement and four factors evidencing involvement in sport...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753352/patient-access-to-medicines-for-rare-diseases-in-european-countries
#12
Andreja Detiček, Igor Locatelli, Mitja Kos
BACKGROUND: The number of authorized orphan and non-orphan medicines for rare diseases has increased in Europe. Patient access to these medicines is affected by high costs, weak efficacy/safety evidence, and societal value. European health care systems must determine whether paying for expensive treatments for only a few patients is sustainable. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate patient access to orphan and non-orphan medicines for rare diseases in 22 European countries during 2005 to 2014...
May 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746225/clinical-radiologic-pathologic-and-molecular-characteristics-of-long-term-survivors-of-diffuse-intrinsic-pontine-glioma-dipg-a-collaborative-report-from-the-international-and-european-society-for-pediatric-oncology-dipg-registries
#13
Lindsey M Hoffman, Sophie E M Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Niclas Colditz, Joshua Baugh, Brooklyn Chaney, Marion Hoffmann, Adam Lane, Christine Fuller, Lili Miles, Cynthia Hawkins, Ute Bartels, Eric Bouffet, Stewart Goldman, Sarah Leary, Nicholas K Foreman, Roger Packer, Katherine E Warren, Alberto Broniscer, Mark W Kieran, Jane Minturn, Melanie Comito, Emmett Broxson, Chie-Schin Shih, Soumen Khatua, Murali Chintagumpala, Anne Sophie Carret, Nancy Yanez Escorza, Timothy Hassall, David S Ziegler, Nicholas Gottardo, Hetal Dholaria, Renee Doughman, Martin Benesch, Rachid Drissi, Javad Nazarian, Nada Jabado, Nathalie Boddaert, Pascale Varlet, Géraldine Giraud, David Castel, Stephanie Puget, Chris Jones, Esther Hulleman, Piergiorgio Modena, Marzia Giagnacovo, Manila Antonelli, Torsten Pietsch, Gerrit H Gielen, David T W Jones, Dominik Sturm, Stefan M Pfister, Nicolas U Gerber, Michael A Grotzer, Elke Pfaff, André O von Bueren, Darren Hargrave, Guirish A Solanki, Filip Jadrijevic Cvrlje, Gertjan J L Kaspers, William P Vandertop, Jacques Grill, Simon Bailey, Veronica Biassoni, Maura Massimino, Raphaël Calmon, Esther Sanchez, Brigitte Bison, Monika Warmuth-Metz, James Leach, Blaise Jones, Dannis G van Vuurden, Christof M Kramm, Maryam Fouladi
Purpose Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a brainstem malignancy with a median survival of < 1 year. The International and European Society for Pediatric Oncology DIPG Registries collaborated to compare clinical, radiologic, and histomolecular characteristics between short-term survivors (STSs) and long-term survivors (LTSs). Materials and Methods Data abstracted from registry databases included patients from North America, Australia, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Italy, France, the United Kingdom, and Croatia...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742519/differences-in-reporting-the-ragweed-pollen-season-using-google-trends-across-15-countries
#14
Jean Bousquet, Ioana Agache, Uwe Berger, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Jean-Pierre Besancenot, Philippe J Bousquet, Tom Casale, Gennaro d'Amato, Igor Kaidashev, Musa Khaitov, Ralph Mösges, Kristof Nekam, Gabrielle L Onorato, Davor Plavec, Aziz Sheikh, Michel Thibaudon, Robert Vautard, Mihaela Zidarn
BACKGROUND: Google Trends (GT) searches trends of specific queries in Google, which potentially reflect the real-life epidemiology of allergic rhinitis. We compared GT terms related to ragweed pollen allergy in American and European Union countries with a known ragweed pollen season. Our aim was to assess seasonality and the terms needed to perform the GT searches and to compare these during the spring and summer pollen seasons. METHODS: We examined GT queries from January 1, 2011, to January 4, 2017...
May 9, 2018: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740990/prevalence-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-croatia-data-from-national-and-non-governmental-organization-registries
#15
Tomislav Benjak, Vesna Štefančić, Željka Draušnik, Ivan Cerovečki, Dijana Roginić, Mario Habek, Sandra Mihel, Ranko Stevanović
AIM: To update the estimate of multiple sclerosis (MS) prevalence in Croatia using multiple epidemiological tools. METHODS: This level IV, epidemiological study gathered data from three national patient registries and one database of a non-governmental MS patients' organization. Data were extracted on all individuals who had undergone hospital MS treatment, consulted their primary health care providers about MS-related symptoms, been listed as having MS-related disability, or been members of the mentioned non-governmental organization in 2015...
April 30, 2018: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740989/activity-of-fosfomycin-against-nosocomial-multiresistant-bacterial-pathogens-from-croatia-a-multicentric-study
#16
Luka Bielen, Robert Likić, Viktorija Erdeljić, Ivana Mareković, Nataša Firis, Marijana Grgić-Medić, Ana Godan, Ivan Tomić, Blaženka Hunjak, Alemka Markotić, Danijela Bejuk, Vladimira Tičić, Silvana Balzar, Branka Bedenić
AIM: To determine in vitro susceptibility of multiresistant bacterial isolates to fosfomycin. METHODS: In this prospective in vitro study (local non-random sample, level of evidence 3), 288 consecutively collected multiresistant bacterial isolates from seven medical centers in Croatia were tested from February 2014 until October 2016 for susceptibility to fosfomycin and other antibiotics according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute methodology. Susceptibility to fosfomycin was determined by agar dilution method, while disc diffusion was performed for in vitro testing of other antibiotics...
April 30, 2018: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737189/emerging-human-pathogen-acinetobacter-baumannii-in-the-natural-aquatic-environment-a-public-health-risk
#17
Svjetlana Dekić, Göran Klobučar, Tomislav Ivanković, Davor Zanella, Matej Vucić, Jean-Paul Bourdineaud, Jasna Hrenović
Bacterium Acinetobacter baumannii is an emerging human pathogen whose presence in the aquatic environment raises the issue of public health risk. Fish colonization represents the potential route of pathogen transmission to humans. The aim was to examine the colonization of A. baumannii to freshwater fish Poecilia reticulata. An extensively drug-resistant A. baumannii was tested at three concentrations in natural spring water. Additionally, 70 fish from the Sava River (Croatia) were screened for the presence of A...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734626/sources-and-geographic-origin-of-particulate-matter-in-urban-areas-of-the-danube-macro-region-the-cases-of-zagreb-croatia-budapest-hungary-and-sofia-bulgaria
#18
M G Perrone, S Vratolis, E Georgieva, S Török, K Šega, B Veleva, J Osán, I Bešlić, Z Kertész, D Pernigotti, K Eleftheriadis, C A Belis
The contribution of main PM pollution sources and their geographic origin in three urban sites of the Danube macro-region (Zagreb, Budapest and Sofia) were determined by combining receptor and Lagrangian models. The source contribution estimates were obtained with the Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) receptor model and the results were further examined using local wind data and backward trajectories obtained with FLEXPART. Potential Source Contribution Function (PSCF) analysis was applied to identify the geographical source areas for the PM sources subject to long-range transport...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729905/access-to-orphan-drugs-comparison-across-balkan-countries
#19
REVIEW
Ana V Pejcic, Georgi Iskrov, Mihajlo Michael Jakovljevic, Rumen Stefanov
The aim of this study was to compare orphan drug access in a sample of Balkan countries: five EU Member States (Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Romania, Slovenia) and two EU Candidates (Serbia, Montenegro). The comparative analysis was based on a cross-sectional study and included medicinal products with an active orphan designation and market authorisation on January 1, 2017. Access to orphan drugs is an ongoing challenge in these countries. Three clusters of countries were identified in terms of orphan drug access: Greece and Slovenia, making the top tier, Romania, Bulgaria, and Croatia, being in the middle, and EU Candidates, Serbia and Montenegro, forming the bottom tier, where a substantial number of EU market approved orphan drugs was not even registered...
April 26, 2018: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724283/development-and-psychometric-testing-of-the-croatian-version-of-the-job-satisfaction-scale-in-hospital-nurses
#20
Ivana Barać, Nada Prlić, Robert Lovrić, Sanja Kanisek, Lorna Dubac Nemet, Jadranka Plužarić
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to develop and psychometrically test a Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS) that measures attitudes toward job satisfaction among hospital nurses in Croatia. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was applied with 584 nurses. RESULTS: A seven-factor model of the measure was confirmed relative χ2 = 2.8, goodness of fit index = .9, comparative fit index = .83. The Cronbach's α was 0.83 for the total scale...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Measurement
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