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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228508/breast-milk-iodine-concentration-is-a-more-accurate-biomarker-of-iodine-status-than-urinary-iodine-concentration-in-exclusively-breastfeeding-women
#1
Susanne Dold, Michael B Zimmermann, Abdelmounaim Aboussad, Mohamed Cherkaoui, Qingzhen Jia, Tomislav Jukic, Zvonko Kusic, Antonio Quirino, Zhongna Sang, Teofilo Ol San Luis, Elena Vandea, Maria Andersson
Background: Iodine status in populations is usually assessed by the median urinary iodine concentration (UIC). However, iodine is also excreted in breast milk during lactation; thus, breast milk iodine concentration (BMIC) may be a promising biomarker of iodine nutrition in lactating women. Whether the mammary gland can vary fractional uptake of circulating iodine in response to changes in dietary intake is unclear.Objective: We evaluated UIC and BMIC as biomarkers for iodine status in lactating women with a wide range of iodine intakes...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215802/occurrence-of-halogenated-and-organophosphate-flame-retardants-in-sediment-and-fish-samples-from-three-european-river-basins
#2
Monica Giulivo, Ettore Capri, Eleni Kalogianni, Radmila Milacic, Bruno Majone, Federico Ferrari, Ethel Eljarrat, Damià Barceló
Classic (polybromodiphenyl ethers, PBDEs) and emerging halogenated flame retardants (HFRs) such as decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE) and halogenated norbornenes, as well as organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) were analysed in 52 sediments and 27 fish samples from three European river basins, namely the Evrotas (Greece), the Adige (Italy) and the Sava (Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia). This is the first time that FR levels have been reported in these three European river basins. The highest contamination was found in the Adige and Sava rivers, whereas lower values were obtained for the Evrotas...
February 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199185/age-and-sex-related-differences-in-normal-pituitary-gland-and-fossa-volumes
#3
Hrvoje Ivan Pecina, Tatjana Cicvara Pecina, Vlasta Vyroubal, Ivan Kruljac, Mario Slaus
This study investigates the influence of age and sex on the volumes of the pituitary fossa and gland in 91 males and 108 females from Croatia who underwent magnetic resonance imaging of the endocranium for complaints not related to the pituitary gland. Isometric 3DT1 MPRAGE and 3DT1 MPR sequences were obtained on 1.5. Tesla and analysed on ISSA software. The volumes were obtained from the sum of all the areas multiplied by the thickness of the section. The mean volume of the pituitary fossa for males was 1111...
March 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187637/revision-of-fossil-bibionidae-insecta-diptera-from-french-oligocene-deposits
#4
John Skartveit, André Nel
All available material of fossil Bibionidae from French Oligocene localities, including the German locality of Kleinkembs right next to the border with France, is revised, and the species redescribed. Several publications (notably Heer 1856, Oustalet 1870 and Théobald 1937) have dealt with this material but there is a large degree of duplication leading to numerous synonyms. In addition, many of the named species have been assigned to the wrong genus. We have found seven species of Penthetria, eleven species of Plecia, seven species of Bibio and a single species of Dilophus in the material of previously named species...
January 23, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176903/analysis-of-perioperative-pain-management-in-vascular-surgery-indicates-that-practice-does-not-adhere-with-guidelines-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#5
Krste Boric, Matija Boric, Teo Boric, Livia Puljak
BACKGROUND: Inadequate treatment of pain related to surgery may be associated with complications and prolonged recovery time and increased morbidity and mortality rates. We investigated perioperative pain management in vascular surgery and compared it with the relevant guidelines for the treatment of perioperative pain. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study on 501 patients who underwent vascular surgery at the University Hospital Split, Croatia. We collected the following data from patients' charts: age, gender, premedication, preoperative patient's physical status, type of surgery, duration of surgery and anesthesia, type of anesthesia, postoperative analgesia, and need for intensive care...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169565/tracing-how-normative-messages-may-influence-physical-activity-intention
#6
René van Bavel, Gabriele Esposito, Tom Baranowski, Néstor Duch-Brown
Normative messages have been shown to increase intention to do physical activity (PA). We traced how 'positive' and 'negative' normative messages influenced PA intention by comparing constructs of the model of goal-directed behaviour with descriptive norms (MGDB+DN) across control and treatment groups in an experiment. 16 to 24 year-old respondents (n=1200) in Bulgaria, Croatia and Romania were asked about their age, sex, and levels of PA before being exposed to positive and negative normative messages and completing a questionnaire with MGDB+DN scales...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168391/erratum-to-mental-health-issues-of-refugee-children-lessons-from-croatia
#7
Vlatka Boričević Maršanić, Tomislav Franić, Katarina Dodig Ćurković
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162814/eu-accession-a-policy-window-opportunity-for-nursing
#8
REVIEW
Paul De Raeve, Anne-Marie Rafferty, Louise Bariball, Ruth Young, Olga Boiko
European enlargement has been studied in a wide range of policy areas within and beyond health. Yet the impact of EU enlargement upon one of the largest health professions, nursing, has been largely neglected. This paper aims to explore nurse leadership using a comparative case study method in two former Communist countries, Romania and Croatia. Specifically, it considers the extent to which engagement in the EU accession policy-making process provided a policy window for the leaders to formulate and implement a professional agenda while negotiating EU accession...
January 25, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159463/the-incidence-and-aetiology-of-acute-pancreatitis-across-europe
#9
REVIEW
Stephen E Roberts, Sian Morrison-Rees, Ann John, John G Williams, Tim H Brown, David G Samuel
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis is increasingly one of the most important acute gastrointestinal conditions throughout much of the world, although incidence and aetiology varies across countries and regions. This study investigated regional and national patterns in the incidence and aetiology of acute pancreatitis, demographic patterns in incidence and trends over time in incidence across Europe. METHODS: A structured review of acute pancreatitis incidence and aetiology from studies of hospitalised patient case series, cohort studies or other population based studies from 1989 to 2015 and a review of trends in incidence from 1970 to 2015 across all 51 European states...
January 19, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159250/survey-of-t-2-ht-2-toxins-in-unprocessed-cereals-food-and-feed-coming-from-croatia-and-bosnia-herzegovina
#10
Jelka Pleadin, Višnja Vasilj, Nina Kudumija, Danijela Petrović, Milica Vilušić, Mario Škrivanko
The aim of this study was to investigate into the level of T-2/HT-2 toxins in different unprocessed cereals (n=201), as well as in marketed cereal-based products (n=58), feed components (n=191) and feedstuffs (n=91) coming from Croatia and Bosnia & Herzegovina. The number of positive samples of unprocessed cereals for food production (>LOD) ranged from 30.4% in barley to 68.8% in oat whereas for feed components ranged from 26.9% in wheat to 86.1% in oat. The maximal values found in unprocessed oat and oat-based feed components were 304...
June 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141593/clinical-and-virological-characteristics-of-hantavirus-infections-in-a-2014-croatian-outbreak
#11
Tatjana Vilibic-Cavlek, Alena Furic, Ljubo Barbic, Irena Tabain, Vladimir Stevanovic, Gordana Mlinaric-Galinovic
INTRODUCTION: Croatia is endemic for hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), with both Puumala (PUUV) and Dobrava virus (DOBV) documented. Several large outbreaks were recorded in 1995, 2002, and 2012. We analyzed demographic, clinical, laboratory, and virological characteristics of HFRS cases detected in three geographically close natural foci (Ogulin, Slunj, and the Plitvice Lakes surroundings) during the 2014 outbreak. METHODOLOGY: From January to December 2014, 122 patients with suspected HFRS were tested for hantavirus IgM/IgG antibodies using an indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA)...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129383/surveying-europe-s-only-cave-dwelling-chordate-species-proteus-anguinus-using-environmental-dna
#12
Judit Vörös, Orsolya Márton, Benedikt R Schmidt, Júlia Tünde Gál, Dušan Jelić
In surveillance of subterranean fauna, especially in the case of rare or elusive aquatic species, traditional techniques used for epigean species are often not feasible. We developed a non-invasive survey method based on environmental DNA (eDNA) to detect the presence of the red-listed cave-dwelling amphibian, Proteus anguinus, in the caves of the Dinaric Karst. We tested the method in fifteen caves in Croatia, from which the species was previously recorded or expected to occur. We successfully confirmed the presence of P...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128193/the-utility-of-thyroid-transcription-factor-1-ttf-1-napsin-a-excision-repair-cross-complementing-1-ercc1-anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-alk-and-the-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-egfr-expression-in-small-biopsy-in-prognosis-of-patients-with-lung-adenocarcinoma
#13
Marina Piljić Burazer, Suzana Mladinov, Vesna Ćapkun, Sendi Kuret, Merica Glavina Durdov
BACKGROUND The present study was carried out in order to evaluate our institutional experience with small biopsy in diagnosis and molecular testing of lung adenocarcinoma. Few specific and predictive markers have been evaluated and correlated with clinicopathologic characteristics and survival in patients with lung adenocarcinoma who received platinum-based chemotherapy. There have not been such reports from Croatia. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 142 cases of lung adenocarcinoma were retrospectively investigated in small biopsies for the immunohistochemical expression of TTF-1, napsin A, ERCC1, ALK, and the EGFR mutation by real-time polymerase chain reaction (rtPCR)...
January 27, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124861/nosocomial-blood-stream-infections-in-patients-treated-with-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-at-the-croatian-referral-center-for-respiratory-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#14
Marko Kutleša, Marija Santini, Vladimir Krajinović, Neven Papić, Anđa Novokmet, Renata Josipović Mraović, Bruno Baršić
BACKROUND: The incidence of complication rates in patients treated with venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) remains substantial and impacts the results of any future trial dealing with ECMO efficacy. Of these complications blood stream infections (BSI) are less well studied. Our objective was to report influence of BSI in ARDS patients treated with VV ECMO. METHODS: 100 adult patients with ARDS treated with VV ECMO at the tertiary care hospital in Zagreb, Croatia between the October of 2009 and the June of 2016 were prospectively included in the study...
January 25, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121267/lead-cadmium-and-mercury-contents-and-bioaccumulation-potential-of-wild-edible-saprophytic-and-ectomycorrhizal-mushrooms-croatia
#15
Ivan Širić, Ante Kasap, Dalibor Bedeković, Jerzy Falandysz
Lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), and mercury (Hg) contents in ten species of edible mushrooms in Trakošćan, Croatia were determined. In addition, the similarity between the studied species was determined by cluster analysis. The caps and stipes of the fruiting bodies were analysed separately. The analyses were carried out by inductively coupled plasma - optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). The greatest mean lead concentrations of 1.91 and 1.60 mg kg (-1) were determined in caps and stipes of Macrolepiota procera...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115906/prevalence-of-thermotolerant-campylobacter-spp-in-chicken-meat-in-croatia-and-multilocus-sequence-typing-of-a-small-subset-of-campylobacter-jejuni-and-campylobacter-coli-isolates
#16
Marina Mikulić, Andrea Humski, Bela Njari, Mario Ostović, Sanja Duvnjak, Željko Cvetnić
In order to detect thermotolerant Campylobacter spp., 241 samples of fresh chicken meat, at retail in Croatia, were analysed according to a standard method, followed by biochemical test and molecular polymerase chain reaction/restriction enzyme analysis for exact species determination. Campylobacter spp. prevalence was 73.86%. Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli were isolated from 53.53 and 15.35% of the samples, respectively. In 4.98% of isolates thermotolerant Campylobacter spp. were not determined...
December 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115905/genetic-diversity-and-symbiotic-efficiency-of-indigenous-common-bean-rhizobia-in-croatia
#17
Ines Pohajda, Katarina Huić Babić, Ivana Rajnović, Sanja Kajić, Sanja Sikora
Nodule bacteria (rhizobia) in symbiotic associations with legumes enable considerable entries of biologically fixed nitrogen into soil. Efforts are therefore made to intensify the natural process of symbiotic nitrogen fixation by legume inoculation. Studies of field populations of rhizobia open up the possibility to preserve and probably exploit some indigenous strains with hidden symbiotic or ecological potentials. The main aim of the present study is to determine genetic diversity of common bean rhizobia isolated from different field sites in central Croatia and to evaluate their symbiotic efficiency and compatibility with host plants...
December 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109660/spatial-distribution-of-soil-chemical-properties-in-an-organic-farm-in-croatia
#18
Igor Bogunovic, Paulo Pereira, Eric C Brevik
Soil pH, electrical conductivity (EC), organic matter (OM), available phosphorus (AP), and potassium (AK) are some of the most important indicators of soil fertility. These soil parameters are highly variable in space and time, especially in agricultural areas, with implications for crop production. The aim of this work was to study the spatial variability of pH, EC, OM, AP and AK using kriging and co-kriging methods in the Rasa River Valley (Croatia). As co-variates for each variable we considered the distance from the sea (DFS), distance from the river channels (DFC), pH, EC, OM, AP and AK...
January 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102275/croatia-s-science-minister-rejects-calls-to-resign-amid-plagiarism-scandal
#19
Mićo Tatalović, Nenad Jarić Dauenhauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089444/health-care-associated-infections-in-neonates-children-and-adolescents-an-analysis-of-paediatric-data-from-the-european-centre-for-disease-prevention-and-control-point-prevalence-survey
#20
Walter Zingg, Susan Hopkins, Angèle Gayet-Ageron, Alison Holmes, Mike Sharland, Carl Suetens
BACKGROUND: In 2011-12, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) held the first Europe-wide point-prevalence survey of health-care-associated infections in acute care hospitals. We analysed paediatric data from this survey, aiming to calculate the prevalence and type of health-care-associated infections in children and adolescents in Europe and to determine risk factors for infection in this population. METHODS: Point-prevalence surveys took place from May, 2011, to November, 2012, in 1149 hospitals in EU Member States, Iceland, Norway, and Croatia...
January 12, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
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