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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904414/near-infrared-spectroscopic-analysis-of-total-phenolic-content-and-antioxidant-activity-of-berry-fruits
#1
Jasenka Gajdoš Kljusurić, Kiril Mihalev, Ivana Bečić, Ivana Polović, Mariya Georgieva, Senka Djaković, Želimir Kurtanjek
This study evaluates the feasibility of using near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy as a rapid and environmentally friendly technique for validation and prediction of the total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant activity (AOA) indices (as 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging, inhibition time (IT) of the Briggs-Rauscher oscillating reaction, and relative antioxidant capacity (RAC)) of berry fruit extracts. The analysed berry samples originated from Croatia (blackberries, wild blueberries, raspberries, red currants and strawberries) and Bulgaria (wild blueberries, raspberries and strawberries)...
June 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904410/involvement-of-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-tocopherol-isomers-from%C3%A2-pumpkin-cucurbita-pepo-l-seed-oil-or-oil-mixtures-in%C3%A2-the-biphasic-dpph%C3%AB-disappearance-kinetics
#2
Dalibor Broznić, Gordana Čanadi Jurešić, Čedomila Milin
The antioxidant activity of three types of pumpkin seed oil or oil mixtures (cold- -pressed, produced from roasted seed paste and salad) produced in the northern part of Croatia and the kinetics of their behaviour as free radical scavengers were investigated using DPPH˙. In addition, the involvement of oil tocopherol isomers (α-, γ- and δ-) in different steps of DPPH˙ disappearance and their impact on the rate of reaction were analysed. The kinetics of DPPH˙ disappearance is a two-step process. In the first step, rapid disappearance of DPPH˙ occurs during the first 11 min of the reaction, depending on the oil type, followed by a slower decline in the second step...
June 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904404/phenolic-composition-antioxidant-capacity-and-in-vitro-cytotoxicity-assessment-of-fruit-wines
#3
Ana Ljevar, Natka Ćurko, Marina Tomašević, Kristina Radošević, Višnja Gaurina Srček, Karin Kovačević Ganić
Fruit wines contain a wide range of phenolic compounds with biological effects, but their composition and potential benefits to human health have been studied to the much lesser extent compared to grape wines. The aim of this research is to study the phenolic profile of different types of fruit wines and to evaluate their antioxidant and biological potential. Commercially available fruit wines from blackberry, cherry, raspberry, blackcurrant, strawberry and apple produced in Croatia were analyzed. To the best of our knowledge, this study represents the first comprehensive screening of Croatian fruit wines...
June 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900889/campylobacter-jejuni-strains-coresistant-to-tetracycline-and-ciprofloxacin-in-patients-with-gastroenteritis-in-croatia
#4
Merica Carev, Ana Kovačić, Anita Novak, Marija Tonkić, Ana Jerončić
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic-resistant Campylobacter jejuni strains are rapidly emerging worldwide. Here, we aimed to determine the antibiotic-resistance patterns and genetic structure of C. jejuni from stool samples of symptomatic patients in Dalmatia, the largest Croatian county. METHODS: In a population-based laboratory surveillance programme for campylobacteriosis in Dalmatia from May 2012 to May 2013, C. jejuni (n = 76) were collected from stool samples of all the patients hospitalized with gastroenteritis and matched positive outpatients (n = 77)...
November 30, 2016: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899030/childhood-vaccine-refusal-and-hesitancy-intentions-in-croatia-insights-from-a-population-based-study
#5
Anja Repalust, Sandra Šević, Stanko Rihtar, Aleksandar Štulhofer
Considering that programmatic data suggest a recent rise in vaccine refusal in Croatia, this study, first of its kind in Southeast Europe, aimed to estimate the prevalence, and sociodemographic, and sociocultural determinants of childhood vaccine refusal and hesitancy (CVRH) intentions among Croatian adults. Multi-stage stratified population-based survey included 1000 individuals aged 18-88 years (Mage = 47.7, SD = 17.8), of whom 51.7% were women. The outcome, a categorical indicator, distinguished among individuals who would approve vaccinating their children (vaccine accepting), those who would approve some but not all vaccines (vaccine hesitant), and those who would refuse vaccination (vaccine refusing)...
November 29, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896566/croatia-needs-a-gender-incongruence-diagnosis-for-prepubertal-children
#6
Nataša Jokić-Begić, Velimir Altabas, Vesna Antičević, Goran Arbanas, Dražen Begić, Srećko Budi, Miroslav Dumić, Marina Grubić, Jasenka Grujić, Nenad Jakušić, Gordana Stipančić, Davorka Šarić, Iva Žegura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888326/secondary-sulfur-and-nitrogen-species-in-pm10-from-the-rijeka-bay-area-croatia
#7
Ana Alebic-Juretic, Boris Mifka
Samples of PM10 were collected over a 12 month period at two sites approximately 5 km apart. Site 1 was an urban site in the center of the city of Rijeka, Croatia, and Site 2 was an industrial site in the proximity of a shipyard, located in the southeastwards direction from the city. No significant differences in airborne concentrations of PM10 or secondary inorganic ions were found between the two sites. Therefore, the sampling continued only at Site 1. The dominant airborne compound was ammonium sulfate, being approximately six times more abundant in the summer (S) months than ammonium nitrate...
November 25, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883316/to-accept-or-refuse-patient-s-gift-in-money-and-how-case-report-with-review
#8
Vesna Kos
This report describes a (rare) situation when a patient's first gift to a young doctor was in money. This happened in very specific circumstances - in a refugee camp during the War in Croatia. The data are taken from a large study on gifts, conducted on a representative sample of Croatian general practitioners (GPs), N = 265, from 2358 in total. Pro and contra factors are discussed, considering tradition and customs, but also a lack of knowledge of young doctors in handling gifts in general. The intention of this report is primarily educative, with review of (scarce) literature, and recommendations, where the generally accepted rules might have exceptions...
November 1, 2016: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875921/a-retrospective-review-of-paediatric-adverse-drug-reactions-reported-in-lombardy-and-croatia-from-2005-to-2013
#9
Carla Carnovale, Marta Gentili, Marco Matacena, Marina Dimov Di Giusti, Darko Krnic, Barbara Dolinic, Darija Kolaric, Zeljana Margan Koletic, Viola Macolic Sarinic, Maja Culjak, Ida Fortino, Luca Merlino, Emilio Clementi, Sonia Radice
OBJECTIVE: to characterise the adverse drugs reactions (ADRs) reported in the Lombard and Croatian paediatric population and to compare data to specific paediatric age groups, in terms of trend, pattern and severity of ADRs, increasing understanding of paediatric ADRs. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We selected and analysed all the spontaneous reports in which children were involved (0 < 18 years old) reported in the Lombardy and in Croatian pharmacovigilance databases from 1(th) March 2005 to 31(th) December 2013...
December 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863363/exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-twelve-european-countries-results-of-the-european-cardiac-rehabilitation-registry
#10
Werner Benzer, Bernhard Rauch, Jean-Paul Schmid, Ann Dorthe Zwisler, Paul Dendale, Constantinos H Davos, Evangelia Koudi, Attila Simon, Ana Abreu, Nana Pogosova, Dan Gaita, Bojan Miletic, Gerd Bönner, Taoufik Ouarrak, Hannah McGee
AIM: Results from EuroCaReD study should serve as a benchmark to improve guideline adherence and treatment quality of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in Europe. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from 2.054 CR patients in 12 European countries were derived from 69 centres. 76% were male. Indication for CR differed between countries being predominantly ACS in Switzerland (79%), Portugal (62%) and Germany (61%), elective PCI in Greece (37%), Austria (36%) and Spain (32%), and CABG in Croatia and Russia (36%)...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855427/anger-in-adulthood-in-participants-who-lost-their-father-during-the-war-in-croatia-when-they-were-in-their-formative-age
#11
Ivana Lončar, Mladen Lončar
BACKGROUND: Loss of parents in early childhood can have serious long-term psychological consequences. Abandoned by a close figure of attachment, many persons have developed the emotion of anger, even though the separation was caused by death. The traumatic experience of the loss of a parent is particularly hard in war, because most often it does not occur as an individual trauma. Our aim is to research anger as a personality trait in persons whose father had died in war at a time when they were children, and to compare it with an appropriate civilian control group of subjects...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848129/neonatal-risk-mortality-scores-as-predictors-for-health-related-quality-of-life-of-infants-treated-in-nicu-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#12
K Lah Tomulic, J Mestrovic, M Zuvic, K Rubelj, B Peter, I Bilic Cace, A Verbic
PURPOSE: To determine the relationship of Apgar scores, gestational age and neonatal risk mortality scores to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) for infants at the age of 8 months treated after birth in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: All surviving infants treated in two-third level NICUs in Rijeka, Croatia (from August 2013 to August 2014) were included in this prospective, cross-sectional study. For all neonates, the Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology (SNAP), SNAP with Perinatal Extension (SNAP-PE) and their simplified modifications (SNAP II and SNAP-PE II) were calculated...
November 15, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847393/motivation-and-career-perceptions-of-dental-students-at-the-school-of-dental-medicine-university-of-zagreb-croatia
#13
Mihaela Kobale, Marija Klaić, Gabriela Bavrka, Marin Vodanović
PURPOSE: Health care studies are usually considered to be complex, demanding and time consuming. The right motivation toward choosing a career in the health field is of utmost importance for the successful completion of studies. The aim of this study was to gain insight into the factors motivating students at the School of Dental Medicine University of Zagreb, Croatia and, also, to examine their career perceptions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Based on specific questions from available literature, a questionnaire was designed and a total of 270 questionnaires were distributed to the first year students during 2013, 2014 and 2015...
September 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846312/phenological-variation-in-ambrosia-artemisiifolia-l-facilitates-near-future-establishment-at-northern-latitudes
#14
Romain Scalone, Andreas Lemke, Edita Štefanić, Anna-Karin Kolseth, Sanda Rašić, Lars Andersson
The invasive weed Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) constitutes a great threat to public health and agriculture in large areas of the globe. Climate change, characterized by higher temperatures and prolonged vegetation periods, could increase the risk of establishment in northern Europe in the future. However, as the species is a short-day plant that requires long nights to induce bloom formation, it might still fail to produce mature seeds before the onset of winter in areas at northern latitudes characterized by short summer nights...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833575/study-protocol-on-cognitive-performance-in-bulgaria-croatia-and-the-netherlands-the-normacog-brief-battery
#15
Lea Jakob, Lana Bojanić, Desislava D Tsvetanova, Eike K Buabang, Nienke J de Bles, Alexandra Sarafoglou, Annet Dijkzeul, Rocio Del Pino
The Normacog Brief Battery (NBB) provides a comprehensive overview of an individual's cognitive functioning within a short amount of time. It was originally developed for the Spanish population in Spain. However, there is a considerable need for brief batteries in clinical neuropsychological assessment, especially in eastern European countries. Cultural background and other individual characteristics-such as age, level of education, and sex-are shown to influence both cognition and patients' performance on neuropsychological tests...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822747/venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-ards-outcome-analysis-of-a-croatian-referral-center-for-respiratory-ecmo
#16
Marko Kutleša, Anđa Novokmet, Renata Josipović Mraović, Bruno Baršić
BACKGROUND: The use of venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) as a rescue therapy in severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has become well established; however, the affirmation of evidence on VV-ECMO application and the analysis of patient outcomes after VV-ECMO treatment for ARDS continues. The aim of the study is to identify variables that affected the outcome of patients treated with VV-ECMO for severe ARDS outside a major ECMO center. METHODS: The study included adult patients with severe ARDS treated with ECMO at a tertiary care hospital in Zagreb, Croatia between October 2009 and July 2014...
November 7, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817753/spearman-s-hypothesis-tested-comparing-saudi-arabian-children-and-adolescents-with-various-other-groups-of-children-and-adolescents-on-the-items-of-the-standard-progressive-matrices
#17
Jan Te NijenhuiS, Adel A Batterjee, Michael Van Den Hoek, Jüri Allik, Vladimir Sukhanovskiy
Spearman's hypothesis tested at the level of items states that differences between ethnic groups on the items of an IQ test are a function of the g loadings of these items, such that there are small differences between ethnic groups on items with low g loadings and large differences between ethnic groups on items with high g loadings; this has been confirmed in a limited number of studies. In this paper, Spearman's hypothesis was tested, comparing a group of Saudi children and adolescents (N=3209) with other groups of children and adolescents from Denmark, Cyprus, Croatia, Bosnia, South Africa, Estonia, Ukraine, Ireland, Russia and Chile (total N=9333)...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815939/endothelial-lipase-plasma-levels-are-increased-in-both-sexes-in-stable-coronary-artery-disease-and-only-in-women-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-but-not-associated-with-the-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease
#18
Matias Trbušić, Ines Potočnjak, Beate Tiran, Tomislava Bodrožić-Džakić, Milan Milošević, Vesna Degoricija, Saša Frank
AIM: To investigate whether endothelial lipase (EL) plasma levels are increased in stable coronary artery disease (sCAD) and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients, as well as to test the association of EL plasma levels and the severity of CAD and sex. METHODS: The study was performed as a single-center, cross-sectional, observational research on 72 sCAD and 187 ACS patients in the Sisters of Charity University Hospital Centre, Zagreb, Croatia, between December 1, 2011 and December 1, 2012...
October 31, 2016: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815932/mediterranean-diet-in-the-southern-croatia-does-it-still-exist
#19
Ivana Kolčić, Ajka Relja, Andrea Gelemanović, Ana Miljković, Kristina Boban, Caroline Hayward, Igor Rudan, Ozren Polašek
AIM: To assess the adherence to the Mediterranean diet in the population of Dalmatia in southern Croatia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed within the 10001 Dalmatians cohort, encompassing 2768 participants from Korčula and Vis islands and the City of Split, who were recruited during 2011-2014. Using the data obtained from food frequency questionnaire we calculated the Mediterranean Diet Serving Score (MDSS). Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the characteristics associated with the adherence to the Mediterranean diet, with age, sex, place of residence, education attainment, smoking, and physical activity as covariates...
October 31, 2016: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813468/molecular-identification-of-the-rumen-flukes-paramphistomum-leydeni-and-paramphistomum-cervi-in-a-concurrent-infection-of-the-red-deer-cervus-elaphus
#20
M Sindičić, F Martinković, T Strišković, M Špehar, I Štimac, M Bujanić, D Konjević
Paramphistomosis, caused by paramphistomid flukes, is a gastrointestinal parasitic disease of domestic and wild ruminants. Originally thought to be limited to the tropics and subtropics, the disease has recently been reported in temperate regions. Here we describe the concurrent infection of a red deer doe (Cervus elaphus) with Paramphistomum leydeni and Paramphistomum cervi. This is the first report of P. leydeni in Croatia. Flukes were identified on the basis of morphological keys (tegumental papillae) and sequencing of the internal transcribed spacer region 2 in ribosomal DNA...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Helminthology
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