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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650078/genetic-diversity-of-human-metapneumovirus-in-hospitalized-children-with-acute-respiratory-infections-in-croatia
#1
M Jagušić, A Slovic, S Ljubin Sternak, G Mlinarić-Galinović, D Forčić
Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is recognized as a global and frequent cause of acute respiratory tract infections among people of all ages. The objectives of this study were molecular epidemiology and evolutionary analysis of HMPV strains which produced moderate and severe acute respiratory tract infections in children in Croatia during four consecutive seasons (2011-2014). A total of 117 HMPV-positive samples collected from hospitalized paediatric patients presenting with acute respiratory tract infections and tested by direct immunofluorescence assay were first analyzed by amplifying a part of the F gene...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649781/anti-d-reagents-should-be-chosen-accordingly-to-the-prevalence-of-d-variants-in-the-obstetric-population
#2
Jelena Lukacevic Krstic, Slavica Dajak, Jasna Bingulac-Popovic, Vesna Dogic, Jela Mratinovic-Mikulandra
BACKGROUND: Resolving ambiguous results of D antigen typing is crucial for appropriate and rational administration of anti-D immunoprophylaxis and transfusion practice in obstetric population. The aim of the study was to establish selection criteria of anti-D reagents for our population. METHODS: A total of 12 689 samples from primiparous women in Split-Dalmatia County, Croatia, were typed for RhD antigen during the period of 5 years. Ambiguous results were submitted to additional serologic investigation and genotyping...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642700/pricing-and-reimbursement-of-biosimilars-in-central-and-eastern-european-countries
#3
Paweł Kawalec, Ewa Stawowczyk, Tomas Tesar, Jana Skoupa, Adina Turcu-Stiolica, Maria Dimitrova, Guenka I Petrova, Zinta Rugaja, Agnes Männik, Andras Harsanyi, Pero Draganic
Objectives: The aim of this study was to review the requirements for the reimbursement of biosimilars and to compare the reimbursement status, market share, and reimbursement costs of biosimilars in selected Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries. Methods: A questionnaire-based survey was conducted between November 2016 and January 2017 among experts from the following CEE countries: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Croatia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, and Romania. The requirements for the pricing and reimbursement of biosimilars were reviewed for each country...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636574/early-intervention-programme-for-patients-with-psychotic-disorders-in-sveti-ivan-psychiatric-hospital-ripepp-sociodemographic-and-baseline-characteristics-of-the-participants
#4
Branka Restek-Petrović, Ana Majdančić, Sven Molnar, Majda Grah, Ena Ivezić, Igor Filipčić, Anamarija Bogović, Vladimir Grošić, Nina Mayer, Slobodanka Kezić, Irena Pavlović
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric hospital "Sveti Ivan" in Zagreb, Croatia, offers an outpatient Early intervention programme for patients with psychotic disorders (RIPEPP), consisting of psychoeducational workshops and group psychodynamic psychotherapy. The aim of this study was to describe sociodemographic and baseline characteristics of the participants, in order to provide better understanding of this population, and to assist with the development of more effective therapeutic approaches. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Since 2008, a total of 245 patients with first episodes of psychosis and their family members participated in the programme...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636570/use-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-central-eastern-european-countries-an-overview
#5
Gábor Gazdag, Jozef Dragasek, Rozália Takács, Margus Lõokene, Tomasz Sobow, Aleksey Olekseev, Gabor S Ungvari
Though a number of reports on the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been published from the Central-Eastern European region over the past two decades, a systematic review of this literature has not been published. Thus the aim of this paper was to review recent trends in ECT practice in Central-Eastern Europe. Systematic literature search was undertaken using the Medline, PSYCHINFO and EMBASE databases covering the period between January 2000 and December 2013. Relevant publications were found from the following countries: Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Ukraine, but none from Albania and Moldova...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635371/deoxynivalenol-and-zearalenone-in-unprocessed-cereals-and-soybean-from-different-cultivation-regions-in-croatia
#6
Jelka Pleadin, Jadranka Frece, Tina Lešić, Manuela Zadravec, Nada Vahčić, Mladenka Malenica Staver, Ksenija Markov
The aim of this study was to investigate into the occurrence of deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEN) in unprocessed cereals and soybean sampled in 2014 and 2015 from different fields located in Croatian regions. A total of 306 samples were analyzed for DON and 415 samples for ZEN concentrations using quantitative ELISA methods. In 2014, DON and ZEN were determined in all samples in the mean concentrations of 1,461 ± 2,265 µg/kg and 656 ± 853 µg/kg, respectively, while in 2015 these means were 2,687 ± 2,731 µg/kg and 1,140 ± 1,630 µg/kg, respectively...
June 21, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625676/comprehensive-determination-of-macrolide-antibiotics-their-synthesis-intermediates-and-transformation-products-in-wastewater-effluents-and-ambient-waters-by-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#7
Ivan Senta, Ivona Krizman-Matasic, Senka Terzic, Marijan Ahel
Macrolide antibiotics are a prominent group of emerging contaminants frequently found in wastewater effluents and wastewater-impacted aquatic environments. In this work, a novel analytical method for simultaneous determination of parent macrolide antibiotics (azithromycin, erythromycin, clarithromycin and roxithromycin), along with their synthesis intermediates, byproducts, metabolites and transformation products in wastewater and surface water was developed and validated. Samples were enriched using solid-phase extraction on Oasis HLB cartridges and analyzed by reversed-phase liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614909/global-patterns-and-trends-in-stomach-cancer-incidence-age-period-and-birth-cohort-analysis
#8
Ganfeng Luo, Yanting Zhang, Pi Guo, Li Wang, Yuanwei Huang, Ke Li
The cases of stomach cancer (SC) incidence are increasing per year and the SC burden has remained very high in some countries. We aimed to evaluate the global geographical variation in SC incidence and temporal trends from 1978 to 2007, with an emphasis on the effect of birth cohort. Joinpoint regression and age-period-cohort model were applied. From 2003 to 2007, male rate were 1.5- to 3-fold higher than female in all countries. Rates were highest in Eastern Asian and South American countries. Except for Uganda, all countries showed favorable trends...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613204/-testicular-cancer-epidemiology-in-developing-countries-review-of-the-literature
#9
Mauricio Medina-Rico, Hugo López-Ramos
OBJECTIVE: Testicular cancer (TC) is the most common cancer in men between 15 and 44 years. It has been reported that the incidence of TC is rising. The aim of this article is to determine the epidemiology of TC in Colombia. METHODS: A literature review on four databases was performed PubMed, Embase, Lilacs and Scielo. Studies of incidence, prevalence, mortality and survival of TC were taken from different countries. Studies included were published in the last 10 years...
June 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611400/the-importance-of-naming-cryptic-species-and-the-conservation-of-endemic-subterranean-amphipods
#10
Teo Delić, Peter Trontelj, Michal Rendoš, Cene Fišer
Molecular taxonomy often uncovers cryptic species, reminding us that taxonomic incompleteness is even more severe than previous thought. The importance of cryptic species for conservation is poorly understood. Although some cryptic species may be seriously threatened or otherwise important, they are rarely included in conservation programs as most of them remain undescribed. We analysed the importance of cryptic species in conservation by scrutinizing the South European cryptic complex of the subterranean amphipod Niphargus stygius sensu lato...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607671/epidemiology-of-ocular-trauma-in-children-requiring-hospital-admission-a-16-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Kajo Bućan, Anita Matas, Josipa Marin Lovrić, Darko Batistić, Ivna Pleština Borjan, Livia Puljak, Ivona Bućan
BACKGROUND: To study the epidemiology of ocular trauma requiring hospital admission in children under 18 years in age. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included pediatric patients with ocular injuries at the Ophthalmology Department of the Clinical Hospital Centre, Split, Croatia, from 2000 to 2015, classified according to the Birmingham Eye Trauma Terminology. RESULTS: There were 353 children hospitalized, 82% of boys (mean age 11 years) and 18% of girls (mean age 10 years)...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605924/marijuana-smoking-among-school-aged-adolescents-in-the-br%C3%A4-ko-district-of-bosnia-and-herzegovina-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Anto Domić, Husref Tahirović, Mojca Čižek Sajko, Borislav Đulabić
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the prevalence of marijuana smoking among school-aged adolescents in the Brčko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with particular regard to their gender, age and residence, and the frequency of marijuana smoking in the past thirty days in relation to their peers in the rest of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia and the Republic of Serbia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This research, designed as a cross-sectional study and based on the ESPAD (European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs) questionnaire, adjusted to this research, encompassed 4,188 adolescents from elementary and secondary schools...
May 2017: Acta Medica Academica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602147/compliance-with-who-unicef-bfhi-standards-in-croatia-after-implementation-of-the-bfhi
#13
Irena Zakarija-Grković, Marija Boban, Sunčana Janković, Anamarija Ćuže, Tea Burmaz
BACKGROUND: The primary goal of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) is to create conditions in maternity facilities that enable women to initiate and sustain the practice of breastfeeding exclusively. Research aim: This study aimed to determine hospital practices and breastfeeding rates before and after BFHI implementation and assess compliance with UNICEF/World Health Organization (WHO) standards for seven of the BFHI's Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding ( Ten Steps). METHODS: Mothers of healthy, term infants ( N = 1,115) were recruited from the postnatal ward of the University Hospital of Split, Croatia, between February 2008 and July 2011 and followed for 12 months in a repeated-measures, prospective, longitudinal, three-group, nonequivalent, cohort study...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601727/does-serial-3rd-trimester-ultrasound-improve-detection-of-small-for-gestational-age-babies-comparison-of-screening-policies-in-2-european-maternity-units
#14
Vesna Sokol Karadjole, Umber Agarwal, Edina Berberovic, Borna Poljak, Zarko Alfirevic
OBJECTIVE: Methods for the antenatal detection of small for gestational age babies (SGA) differ between countries. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of routine versus selective small for gestational age babies screening policy using data from two European Maternity Units. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study from Liverpool Women's Hospital, UK, that uses selective third trimester sonography and from the University Hospital Centre Zagreb, Croatia, that uses routine third trimester sonography for SGA detection...
June 3, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600530/global-temporal-patterns-of-pancreatic-cancer-and-association-with-socioeconomic-development
#15
Martin C S Wong, Johnny Y Jiang, Miaoyin Liang, Yuan Fang, Ming Sze Yeung, Joseph J Y Sung
Pancreatic cancer induces a substantial global burden. We examined its global incidence/mortality rates and their correlation with socioeconomic development (Human Development Index [HDI] and Gross Domestic Product [GDP] in 2000 as proxy measures). Data on age-standardized incidence/mortality rates in 2012 were retrieved from the GLOBOCAN database. Temporal patterns in 1998-2007 were assessed for 39 countries according to gender. The Average Annual Percent Change (AAPC) of the incidence/mortality trends was evaluated using joinpoint regression analysis...
June 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593419/multiple-detection-of-zoonotic-variegated-squirrel-bornavirus-1-rna-in-different-squirrel-species-suggests-a-possible-unknown-origin-for-the-virus
#16
Kore Schlottau, Bernd Hoffmann, Timo Homeier-Bachmann, Christine Fast, Rainer G Ulrich, Martin Beer, Donata Hoffmann
The recently discovered variegated squirrel bornavirus 1 (VSBV-1) caused the death of three squirrel breeders in Germany. Subsequent first screening of squirrels with in vivo collected swab samples and a VSBV-1-specific RT-qPCR revealed not only variegated squirrel infections (Sciurus variegatoides), but also Prevost's squirrels (Callosciurus prevostii) as positive for VSBV-1 genome. In this study, 328 squirrels were tested using the established RT-qPCR assays. In 16 individual animals VSBV-1 RNA could be detected; 15 individuals were from small breedings and zoological gardens in Germany, with the remaining individual being from a zoological garden in Croatia...
June 7, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587955/-daisy-like-crystals-a-rare-and-unknown-type-of-urinary-crystal
#17
G B Fogazzi, R Anderlini, S Canovi, C Covarelli, J Gras, J Kučera, A Proietti, D Rogic, R Teboul, C Ferraris Fusarini, F de Liso, G Garigali, M Daudon
BACKGROUND: Crystals are well known structures of urinary sediment, most of which are identified by the combined knowledge of crystal morphology, birefringence features at polarized light, and urine pH. In this paper, we report on a cohort of subjects whose urine contained a very rare type of crystal, which we first described in 2004 and which, based on its peculiar morphology, we define as "daisy-like crystal" (DLcr). METHODS: Reports on DLcr were spontaneously sent to our laboratory over a 10...
June 3, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579968/problem-gambling-among-adolescent-girls-in-croatia-the-role-of-different-psychosocial-predictors
#18
Aleksandra Huic, Dora Dodig Hundric, Valentina Kranzelic, Neven Ricijas
Although, compared to boys, adolescent girls gamble less often and less problematically, prevalence studies still show significant numbers of at risk/problem gamblers among girls. However, girl gambling has been on the sidelines of adolescent gambling research. The available studies usually focus only on a narrow set of correlates often ignoring that adolescent gambling is a complex phenomenon determined by various factors. Also, they often measure gambling related consequences with instruments that are not specifically developed for use on adolescents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577572/using-ellenberg-pignatti-values-to-estimate-habitat-preferences-of-wild-food-and-medicinal-plants-an-example-from-northeastern-istria-croatia
#19
Ivana Vitasović Kosić, Josip Juračak, Łukasz Łuczaj
BACKGROUND: The paper presents the first ethnobotanical application of Ellenberg indicator values, which are widely used in European plant ecology. The aim of the study was to find out if Ellenberg values (indicating habitat preferences) differ for wild food and medicinal plants used in north-eastern Istria (Croatia). We used Ellenberg-Pignatti values (the version of Ellenberg values used in this part of Europe). METHODS: Fifty semi-structured interviews were carried out among local key informants, asking which wild food and medicinal plants they used...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573965/characterization-of-croatian-rape-brassica-sp-honey-by-pollen-spectrum-physicochemical-characteristics-and-multielement-analysis-by-icp-oes
#20
Blanka Bilić Rajs, Ivana Flanjak, Jelena Mutić, Vesna Vukojević, Slađana Đurđić, Ljiljana Primorac
Rape (Brassica sp.) unifloral honey from Croatia was characterized by certain physicochemical parameters, micro- and macroelement content, and pollen spectrum, as determined in 21 honey samples. The Brassica sp. pollen type was predominant in the analyzed samples and ranged between 60 and 98%, with Trifolium spp., Robinia pseudoacacia, Rosaceae, Helianthus annuus, Salix spp., and Taraxacum officinale as the main accompanying pollen types. The electrical conductivity mean value was 0.22 ± 0.05 mS/cm and the glucose/fructose ratio mean value was 1...
June 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
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