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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149044/the-effect-of-hock-injury-laterality-and-lameness-on-lying-behaviors-and-lying-laterality-in-holstein-dairy-cows
#1
Nicole L Eberhart, Peter D Krawczel
Lactating dairy cattle divide their lying equally between their left side and their right side. However, discomfort, such as pregnancy and cannulation, can cause a cow to shift lying side preference. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of lameness and hock injuries on lying behaviors, particularly lying laterality, of lactating dairy cows. Cows from four commercial farms in eastern Croatia that had lying behavior data, health score data, and production records were used in the study. Health scores including hock injuries and locomotion were collected once per cow...
November 17, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147802/executive-summary-of-the-12th-hht-international-scientific-conference
#2
Jillian W Andrejecsk, Anna E Hosman, Luisa M Botella, Claire L Shovlin, Helen M Arthur, Sophie Dupuis-Girod, Elisabetta Buscarini, Christopher C W Hughes, Franck Lebrin, Christine L Mummery, Marco C Post, Johannes J Mager
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia is an autosomal dominant trait affecting approximately 1 in 5000 people. A pathogenic DNA sequence variant in the ENG, ACVRL1 or SMAD4 genes, can be found in the majority of patients. The 12th International Scientific HHT Conference was held on June 8-11, 2017 in Dubrovnik, Croatia to present and discuss the latest scientific achievements, and was attended by over 200 scientific and clinical researchers. In total 174 abstracts were accepted of which 58 were selected for oral presentations...
November 16, 2017: Angiogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145647/trends-and-correlates-of-waterpipe-use-in-the-european-union-analysis-of-selected-eurobarometer-surveys-2009-2017
#3
Filippos T Filippidis, Mohammed Jawad, Constantine I Vardavas
Introduction: To assess the trends and correlates of waterpipe use between 2009 and 2017 in the 28 European Union (EU) member states. Methods: We analysed data from wave 72.3 (2009, n=27,788); wave 77.1 (2012, n=26,751); wave 82.4 (2014, n=27,801); and wave 87.1 (2017, n=27,901) of the Eurobarometer survey. Representative samples of EU residents aged ≥15 years were asked to report ever use of waterpipe. Regular waterpipe use, i.e. at least once a month was also assessed in 2017...
November 14, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143786/dietary-factors-associated-with-plasma-thyroid-peroxidase-and-thyroglobulin-antibodies
#4
Antonela Matana, Vesela Torlak, Dubravka Brdar, Marijana Popović, Bernarda Lozić, Maja Barbalić, Vesna Boraska Perica, Ante Punda, Ozren Polašek, Caroline Hayward, Tatijana Zemunik
The knowledge about dietary habits and their influence in the development of autoimmune thyroid disease is insufficient. The aim of this study was to analyse the association of dietary factors and plasma thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO-Ab) and/or thyroglobulin antibodies (Tg-Ab). The study enrolled 1887 participants originating from the South Croatia. Participants with elevated plasma TPO-Ab and/or Tg-Ab were defined as cases (n = 462) and those with TPO-Ab and/or Tg-Ab within referent values were defined as controls (n = 1425)...
October 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139649/construction-of-the-questionnaire-on-foreign-language-learning-strategies-in-specific-croatian-context
#5
Nikolina Božinović, Joško Sindik
Learning strategies are special thoughts or behaviours that individuals use to understand, learn or retain new information, according to the point of view of O’Malley & Chamot. The other view, promoted by Oxford, believes learning strategies are specific actions taken by the learner to make learning easier, faster, more enjoyable, and more transferrable to new situations of language learning and use. The use of appropriate strategies ensures greater success in language learning. The aim of the research was to establish metric characteristics of the Questionnaire on learning strategies created by the author, in line with the template of the original SILL questionnaire (Strategy Inventory for Language Learning)...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135122/the-role-of-the-multidisciplinary-team-in-the-decision-making-process-in-stage-one-testicular-cancer-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#6
Tomislav Omrcen, Andrija Katic, Eduard Vrdoljak
PURPOSE: To analyze the role of a multidisciplinary team (MDT) in the decision-making process in clinical stage one (CS I) testicular cancer (TC). METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated data on 115 consecutive patients with CS I TC (excluding stage IS) who were referred to the Department of Oncology, University Hospital of Split, Croatia, from 2003 to 2012. Fifty-six patients (48.7%) were referred between 2003 and 2007, before the introduction of the MDT and 59 patients (51...
September 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129667/prevalence-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-in-the-mediterranean-region-of-europe
#7
Elena Scarpato, Sanja Kolacek, Danijela Jojkic-Pavkov, Vlatka Konjik, Nataša Živković, Enriqueta Roman, Aco Kostovski, Nikolina Zdraveska, Eyad Altamimi, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Thomai Karagiozoglou-Lampoudi, Raanan Shamir, Michal Rozenfeld Bar Lev, Aziz Koleilat, Sirin Mneimneh, Dario Bruzzese, Rosaura Leis, Annamaria Staiano, Panayota Kafritsa, Sandra Brusa, Angelo Campanozzi, Claudio Romano, Silvia Salvatore, Evelina Kotzakioulafi, Josefa Barrio, Maria Luz Cilleruelo, Mercedes Juste, Carolina Gutiérrez-Junquera, Tena Trbojević, Lana Ivković
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children from the Mediterranean area of Europe. We aimed to assess the prevalence of FGIDs in children and adolescents in this region. METHODS: We collected data on 13,750 children (4-18 years old) enrolled in the Mediterranean-European Area Project, a school-based health study performed in Croatia, Greece, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Macedonia, Serbia, and Spain...
November 9, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122123/general-versus-spinal-anaesthesia-in-proximal-femoral-fracture-surgery-treatment-outcomes
#8
Mirjana Lončarić-Katušin, Petar Mišković, Vlasta Lavrnja-Skolan, Juraj Katušin, Bore Bakota, Josip Žunić
BACKGROUND: Proximal femoral fractures are a major public health problem because of the increasing proportion of elderly individuals in the general population. The mode of choice for anaesthesia in surgical treatment of these fractures is still debated in terms of better postoperative outcome. The aim of our study was to compare the effect of general over spinal anaesthesia on mortality in proximal femoral fracture surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of 115 patients aged at least 70 years who underwent surgery for proximal femoral fracture...
November 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120152/first-aid-management-in-emergency-care-of-dental-injuries-%C3%A2-knowledge-among-teachers-in-rijeka-croatia
#9
Danko Bakarčić, Sandra Hrvatin, Mia Maroević, Nataša Ivančić Jokić
The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to investigate the knowledge and attitude regarding emergency treatment of dental trauma among elementary school teachers in the city of Rijeka, Croatia. A total of 144 teachers answered a four-part questionnaire which comprised questions regarding demographic data, role and responsibility at the working place, knowledge about dental trauma, and motivation for further education on the topic. Nearly half of the participants (47.2%) reported having seen at least one dental trauma in their professional careers...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120150/incidence-etiology-and-outcome-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-patients-with-percutaneous-tracheotomy
#10
Tihana Magdić Turković, Melanija Obraz, Milana Zlatić Glogoški, Ida Juranić, Bruna Bodulica, Josipa Kovačić
Although the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is very high, there are still many uncertainties about clinical course of VAP among tracheotomized patients. The goal of the present study was to determine the impact of tracheotomy on VAP incidence and etiology, as well as outcome of VAP patients with tracheotomy. The study was conducted in a 15-bed Surgical and Neurosurgical Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center in Zagreb, Croatia. The study included all patients undergoing only percutaneous tracheotomy during the study period...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116720/the-croatian-model-of-integrative-prospective-management-of-epilepsy-and-pregnancy
#11
Snježana Miškov, Romana Gjergja Juraški, Ivan Mikula, Silvio Bašić, Marija Bošnjak Pašić, Vesna Košec, Zlatko Sabol, Aleksandra Fučić, Tomislav Sajko, Vanja Bašić Kes
Epilepsy is the most common neurological complication in pregnancy. Women with epilepsy have a higher risk of complications in pregnancy. In Croatia, women with epilepsy are treated by neurologists at tertiary centers according to the place of residence. We prospectively followed-up pregnancies in women with epilepsy and healthy controls, and analyzed the factors responsible for their delivery outcomes and development of their babies. Healthy pregnant women had a higher level of education and economic status, but pregnant women with epilepsy took folic acid in a higher proportion than controls, possibly due to timely preconception counseling...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114162/a-new-cave-centipede-from-croatia-eupolybothrus-liburnicus-sp-n-with-notes-on-the-subgenus-schizopolybothrus-verhoeff-1934-chilopoda-lithobiomorpha-lithobiidae
#12
Nesrine Akkari, Ana Komerički, Alexander M Weigand, Gregory D Edgecombe, Pavel Stoev
A new species of Eupolybothrus Verhoeff, 1907 discovered in caves of Velebit Mountain in Croatia is described. E. liburnicussp. n. exhibits a few morphological differences from its most similar congeners, all of which are attributed to the subgenus Schizopolybothrus Verhoeff, 1934, and two approaches to species delimitation using the COI barcode region identify it as distinct from the closely allied E. cavernicolus Stoev & Komerički, 2013. E. spiniger (Latzel, 1888) is redescribed and a lectotype is designated for it as well as E...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105777/temporal-trends-in-rainwater-tank-suicides-in-rijeka-croatia-a-30-year-study
#13
Antun Ferenčić, Ivan Šoša, Drazen Cuculic, Valter Stemberga, Roger W Byard
Although drowning in rainwater tanks is a generally rare phenomenon, this method for suicide has been observed in parts of Croatia. Review of autopsy records at the University of Rijeka, Croatia, was undertaken from 1987 to 2016 to examine this phenomenon. Of 469 drowning deaths, there were 35 suicides in rainwater tanks (7.5%). Overall drowning deaths showed no temporal trends. In contrast, suicidal drownings in rain water tanks showed a marked decline over the years, with 15 cases in 1987-1991, seven in 1992-1996, six in 1997-2001, six in 2002-2006, one in 2007-2011, and none in 2012-2016...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105283/the-present-and-future-disease-burden-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infections-with-today-s-treatment-paradigm-volume-4
#14
H L Y Chan, C J Chen, O Omede, J Al Qamish, K Al Naamani, A Bane, S S Tan, M Simonova, I Cardenas, M Derbala, O Akin, R O Phillips, M K Abdelmageed, M Abdulla, D Adda, A Al Baqali, N Al Dweik, K Al Ejji, I Al Ghazzawi, S Al Kaabi, M Al Sadadi, J Al Salman, M AlBadri, S A Al-Busafi, H E Al-Romaihi, W Ampofo, K Antonov, C Anyaike, F Arome, S Blach, M M Borodo, S M Brandon, B Bright, M T Butt, D S Chen, P J Chen, R N Chien, W L Chuang, D Cuellar, A A Elbardiny, C Estes, E Farag, J Fung, I Gamkrelidze, V Garcia, J Genov, Z Ghandour, M Ghuloom, B Gomez, J Gunter, J Habeeb, O Hajelssedig, W Hamoudi, S M Himatt, I Hrstic, C C Hu, C F Huang, Y T Hui, R Jahis, D Jelev, A K John, K S Kaliaskarova, Y Kamel, J H Kao, J Khamis, H Khattabi, I Khoudri, A Konysbekova, I Kotzev, M S Lai, W C Lao, J Layden, M H Lee, O Lesi, M Li, A Lo, C K Loo, B Lukšić, A Maaroufi, A O Malu, L Mateva, R Mitova, R Mohamed, M Morović, K Murphy, B Mustapha, A Nersesov, E Ngige, R Njouom, O Njoya, D Nonković, S Obekpa, S Oguche, E E Okolo, C Omuemu, P Ondoa, O Opare-Sem, S Owusu-Ofori, Y N Prokopenko, H Razavi, D Razavi-Shearer, K Razavi-Shearer, B Redae, T Reic, T Rinke de Wit, C Rios, S Robbins, L R Roberts, S J Sanad, J D Schmelzer, M Sharma, T H Su, K Sultan, K Tchernev, O T Y Tsang, S Tsang, C Tzeuton, S Ugoeze, B Uzochukwu, R Vi, A Vince, H U Wani, V W S Wong, A Workneh, R Yacoub, K I Yesmembetov, M Youbi, M F Yuen, H Nde
Factors influencing the morbidity and mortality associated with viremic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection change over time and place, making it difficult to compare reported estimates. Models were developed for 17 countries (Bahrain, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Colombia, Croatia, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ghana, Hong Kong, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Morocco, Nigeria, Qatar and Taiwan) to quantify and characterize the viremic population as well as forecast the changes in the infected population and the corresponding disease burden from 2015 to 2030...
October 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102034/under-reporting-bicycle-accidents-to-police-in-the-cost-tu1101-international-survey-cross-country-comparisons-and-associated-factors
#15
D Shinar, P Valero-Mora, M van Strijp-Houtenbos, N Haworth, A Schramm, Guido De Bruyne, V Cavallo, J Chliaoutakis, J Dias, O E Ferraro, A Fyhri, A Hursa Sajatovic, K Kuklane, R Ledesma, O Mascarell, A Morandi, M Muser, D Otte, M Papadakaki, J Sanmartín, D Dulf, M Saplioglu, G Tzamalouka
Police crash reports are often the main source for official data in many countries. However, with the exception of fatal crashes, crashes are often underreported in a biased manner. Consequently, the countermeasures adopted according to them may be inefficient. In the case of bicycle crashes, this bias is most acute and it probably varies across countries, with some of them being more prone to reporting accidents to police than others. Assessing if this bias occurs and the size of it can be of great importance for evaluating the risks associated with bicycling...
October 26, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100541/the-phylogenetic-position-of-the-enigmatic-balkan-aulopyge-huegelii-teleostei-cyprinidae-from-the-perspective-of-host-specific-dactylogyrus-parasites-monogenea-with-a-description-of-dactylogyrus-omenti-n-sp
#16
Michal Benovics, Maria Lujza Kičinjaová, Andrea Šimková
BACKGROUND: The host specificity of fish parasites is considered a useful parasite characteristic with respect to understanding the biogeography of their fish hosts. Dactylogyrus Diesing, 1850 (Monogenea) includes common parasites of cyprinids exhibiting different degrees of host specificity, i.e. from strict specialism to generalism. The phylogenetic relationships and historical dispersions of several cyprinid lineages, including Aulopyge huegelii Heckel, 1843, are still unclear. Therefore, the aims of our study were to investigate (i) the Dactylogyrus spp...
November 3, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094814/trends-in-incidence-of-lung-cancer-in-croatia-from-2001-to-2013-gender-and-regional-differences
#17
Katarina Josipa Siroglavić, Marina Polić Vižintin, Ingrid Tripković, Mario Šekerija, Suzana Kukulj
AIM: To provide an overview of the lung cancer incidence trends in the City of Zagreb (Zagreb), Split-Dalmatia County (SDC), and Croatia in the period from 2001 to 2013. METHOD: Incidence data were obtained from the Croatian National Cancer Registry. For calculating incidence rates per 100 000 population, we used population estimates for the period 2001-2013 from the Croatian Bureau of Statistics. Age-standardized rates of lung cancer incidence were calculated by the direct standardization method using the European Standard Population...
October 31, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094809/setting-up-research-infrastructure-for-secondary-use-of-routinely-collected-health-care-data-in-croatia
#18
EDITORIAL
Kristina Fišter, Borna Pleše, Ivan Pristaš, Tobias Kurth, Mirjana Kujundžić Tiljak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091207/esgap-inventory-of-target-indicators-assessing-antibiotic-prescriptions-a-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Philip Howard, Benedikt Huttner, Bojana Beovic, Guillaume Beraud, Diamantis P Kofteridis, José Pano Pardo, Jeroen Schouten, Céline Pulcini
Background: A variety of indicators is commonly used to monitor antibiotic prescriptions as part of national antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) programmes. Objectives: To make an inventory of indicators that assess antibiotic prescriptions and are linked to specific targets and incentives, at a national level. Methods: A cross-sectional survey (three-item questionnaire) was conducted in 2017 among all ESGAP (ESCMID Study Group for Antimicrobial stewardshiP) members, coming from 23 European countries and 16 non-European countries...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089113/first-evidence-of-establishment-of-the-rayed-pearl-oyster-pinctada-imbricata-radiata-leach-1814-in-the-eastern-adriatic-sea
#20
Ana Gavrilović, Marina Piria, Xiang-Zhao Guo, Jurica Jug-Dujaković, Ana Ljubučić, Alen Krkić, Neven Iveša, Bruce A Marshall, Jonathan P A Gardner
The Mediterranean Sea is increasingly under threat from invasive species that may negatively affect biodiversity and/or modify ecosystem structure and function. The bivalve mollusc Pinctada imbricata radiata is listed among the 100 most invasive species in the Mediterranean. A first finding of an established population of P. imbricata radiata in the coastal waters of the eastern Adriatic Sea, is presented in this paper. Six and then 30 live specimens were collected in 2015 and in 2017, respectively, at depths of 5 to 15m from the island of Mljet, Croatia...
October 28, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
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