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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435330/first-case-of-imported-chikungunya-infection-in-croatia-2016
#1
Boris Luksic, Nenad Pandak, Edita Drazic-Maras, Svjetlana Karabuva, Mislav Radic, Andrea Babic-Erceg, Ljubo Barbic, Vladimir Stevanovic, Tatjana Vilibic-Cavlek
In recent years, several European countries reported cases of imported chikungunya infection. We present the first imported clinically manifested chikungunya fever in Croatia. A 27-year-old woman returned to Croatia on 21 March 2016, after she stayed in Costa Rica for two months where she had noticed a mosquito bite on her left forearm. Five days after the mosquito bite she developed severe arthralgias, fever and erythematous papular rash. In next few days symptoms gradually subsided. After ten days she felt better, but arthralgias re-appeared accompanied with morning stiffness...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428673/migrant-general-practitioners-experiences-of-using-interpreters-in-health-care-a-qualitative-explorative-study
#2
Ferid Krupic, Kristian Samuelsson, Nabi Fatahi, Olof Skoldenberg, Arkan S Sayed-Noor
BACKGROUND: According to the UNHCR, 250 million people currently live outside their country of birth. The growing multicultural population poses a major challenge to healthcare professionals who aim to provide individualized, holistic care, which respects the individual's autonomy. To ensure basic rights, healthcare interventions should be guided by the value of benefiting others; individuals should be treated honestly, equally, and impartially. OBJECTIVE: To investigate immigrant doctors' experiences of using interpreters in the Swedish health-care system...
February 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425977/prospective-analysis-of-the-influence-of-sport-and-educational-factors-on-the-prevalence-and-initiation-of-smoking-in-older-adolescents-from-croatia
#3
Natasa Zenic, Djivo Ban, Sanja Jurisic, Mladen Cubela, Jelena Rodek, Ljerka Ostojic, Mario Jelicic, Antonino Bianco, Damir Sekulic
The prevalence of smoking among Croatian adolescents is alarmingly high, but no previous study has prospectively examined the sport- and academic-factors associated with smoking and smoking initiation. This study aimed to prospectively examine the associations between scholastic (educational) achievement and sport factors and smoking in 16- to 18-year-old adolescents. This two-year prospective cohort study included 644 adolescents who were 16 years of age at baseline (46% females). Baseline testing was implemented at the beginning of the 3rd year of high school (September 2014) when participants were 16 years old...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422288/general-dentists-awareness-of-how-to-cope-with-medical-emergencies-in-paediatric-dental-patients
#4
Ivana Čuković-Bagić, Sandra Hrvatin, Jesenka Jeličić, Dubravka Negovetić Vranić, Mirjana Kujundžić Tiljak, Hrvoje Pezo, Luc Marks
BACKGROUND: General dentists (GDs) should be aware of the symptoms, signs, diagnoses and treatment of medical emergencies in paediatric patients. AIM: To evaluate the knowledge of GDs in coping with medical emergencies, and to identify whether they are confident to diagnose and treat medical emergencies in paediatric patients. DESIGN: The questionnaire was conducted immediately before the beginning of national dental meetings and continuing education seminars in Croatia, attended by the GDs, in order to obtain a representative sample...
April 19, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394107/prevalence-type-and-etiology-of-dental-and-soft-tissue-injuries-in-children-in-croatia
#5
Josip Škaričić, Marko Vuletić, Sandra Hrvatin, Jesenka Jeličić, Ivana Čuković-Bagić
The prevalence, type and etiology of dental and soft tissue injuries and relationship between the time of arrival and sustaining soft tissue injury were analyzed in this retrospective study conducted at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, University Dental Clinic in Zagreb, Croatia, during the 2010-2014 period using documentation on 447 patients (264 male and 183 female) aged 1-16 years with injuries of primary and permanent teeth. The highest prevalence of traumatic dental injury (TDI) was found in the 7-12 age group and maxillary central incisors were most frequently affected (80...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394105/introducing-scientific-writing-as-mandatory-topic-in-bachelor-nursing-program-experience-of-the-university-of-dubrovnik-croatia
#6
Mihaela Zidarić, Višnja Vičić-Hudorović, Narcis Hudorović
One of the methods that have been used to encourage student reflection skills is scientific writing. The purpose of this article is to discuss implementation of obligatory study topic with the main objective to increase the skills of scientific writing among students of Bachelor Nursing Curriculum and its relation to scientific publishing volume of Bachelor degree students from the University of Dubrovnik. By searching the local rank database called HRČAK, data were collected on publication volume of the Bachelor course students at the University of Dubrovnik from 2010 to 2014...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392741/policies-and-practices-in-haemostasis-testing-among-laboratories-in-croatia-a-survey-on-behalf-of-a-working-group-for-laboratory-coagulation-of-the-croatian-society-of-medical-biochemistry-and-laboratory-medicine
#7
Ana Bronić, Desiree Coen Herak, Sandra Margetić, Marija Milić
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this survey was to assess current policies and practice in haemostasis testing among both hospital and outpatient laboratories in Republic of Croatia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire with seventy questions divided into nine sections was created in May 2015. Participants were asked about their practice related to test request form, sample collection, prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time assays, other individual haemostasis assays, point-of-care testing (POCT), reporting of coagulation tests results and quality assurance of procedures, the personnel and other laboratory resources, as well as on issues related to education and implementation of additional coagulation assays in their laboratory...
February 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392737/external-quality-assessment-of-medical-laboratories-in-croatia-preliminary-evaluation-of-post-analytical-laboratory-testing
#8
Jasna Lenicek Krleza, Adrijana Dorotic, Ana Grzunov
INTRODUCTION: Proper standardization of laboratory testing requires assessment of performance after the tests are performed, known as the post-analytical phase. A nationwide external quality assessment (EQA) scheme implemented in Croatia in 2014 includes a questionnaire on post-analytical practices, and the present study examined laboratory responses in order to identify current post-analytical phase practices and identify areas for improvement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In four EQA exercises between September 2014 and December 2015, 145-174 medical laboratories across Croatia were surveyed using the Module 11 questionnaire on the post-analytical phase of testing...
February 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392736/preanalytical-external-quality-assessment-of-the-croatian-society-of-medical-biochemistry-and-laboratory-medicine-and-croqalm-finding-undetected-weak-spots
#9
Nora Nikolac, Jasna Lenicek Krleza, Ana-Maria Simundic
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this paper is to present results of first two years of preanalytical external quality assessment (EQA) in Croatia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This paper summarizes results from 6 rounds of preanalytical EQA during 2014-2016 in 161-175 Croatian laboratories (number ranged between cycles). EQA was designed as an online survey of the compliance with National recommendations for phlebotomy (NRP). Forty-seven questions in 5 categories are analyzed (materials and equipment, patient identification, patient preparation, sampling and storage)...
February 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392735/evaluating-performance-in-sweat-testing-in-medical-biochemistry-laboratories-in-croatia
#10
Merica Aralica, Jasna Lenicek Krleza
INTRODUCTION: Sweat test has a diagnostic role in evaluation of cystic fibrosis. Its performance includes sweat stimulation, collection and analysis. All listed may be sources of inconsistencies in everyday practice. The aim of this study was an evaluation of external quality assessment (EQA) of sweat chloride measurement including sweat test performance in medical biochemistry laboratories in Croatia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: EQA for sweat chloride measurement was provided by Croatian Centre for Quality Assessment in Laboratory Medicine (CROQALM) in five consecutive exercises to medical biochemistry laboratories (MBL) that offered sweat testing...
February 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392730/external-quality-assessment-in-croatia-problems-challenges-and-specific-circumstances
#11
REVIEW
Jasna Lenicek Krleza, Ivana Celap, Jelena Vlasic Tanaskovic
In Croatian medical laboratories (ML), external quality assessment (EQA) has a long tradition of almost half of a century. At national level, EQA is provided by Croatian Centre for Quality Assessment in Laboratory Medicine (CROQALM) which is a part of Croatian Society of Medical Biochemistry and Laboratory Medicine.
This case study aimed to summarize the main challenges, which are set to CROQALM and their possible solutions.
CROQALM has 10 schemes, covering majority of analysis for which medical biochemistry laboratories in Croatia are authorized for, including pre-analytical and post-analytical phase of laboratory work...
February 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390412/first-recorded-case-of-paramyxovirus-infection-introduced-into-a-healthy-snake-collection-in-croatia
#12
Jelena Prpic, Tomislav Keros, Maja Lang Balija, Dubravko Forcic, Lorena Jemersic
BACKGROUND: In the present study, we describe the first paramyxovirus infection in a snake collection in Croatia caused by an introduction of new snakes that were not previously tested and didn't show any signs of disease. CASE PRESENTATION: In less than a month after introduction into a healthy colony, new snakes began to show respiratory symptoms (i.e. mouth opening, wheezing, etc.) and died within a month and a half after antibiotic therapy was applied. The same symptoms and a high mortality rate were then observed in in-contact snakes from other collections belonging to different snake families...
April 8, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384418/the-lipid-composition-of-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-of-brown-bears-ursus-arctos-in-croatia
#13
Lana Vranković, Ivančica Delaš, Slaven Reljić, Đuro Huber, Nadica Maltar-Strmečki, Karla Klobučar, Gabriela Krivić, Zvonko Stojević, Jasna Aladrović
The composition of adipose tissue in brown bears (Ursus arctos) is highly variable and depends on an individual's feeding habits. Fatty acid composition of subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) may provide insight into brown bear feeding habits, for which data are scarce. The aim of this study was to determine the lipid composition of SAT and variations in the composition of fatty substances with regard to gender and to assess SAT relative to season and body mass (BM) of brown bears in Croatia. Seventy-six tissue samples of brown bear SAT were analyzed in this study...
May 2017: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376903/the-prevalence-and-impact-of-babesia-canis-and-theileria-sp-in-free-ranging-grey-wolf-canis-lupus-populations-in-croatia
#14
Ana Beck, Doroteja Huber, Adam Polkinghorne, Andrea Gudan Kurilj, Valerija Benko, Vladimir Mrljak, Slaven Reljić, Josip Kusak, Irena Reil, Relja Beck
BACKGROUND: Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. are important emerging causes of disease in dogs. Alongside these domesticated hosts, there is increasing recognition that these piroplasms can also be found in a range of wild animals with isolated reports describing the presence of these pathogen in foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and captive grey wolves (Canis lupus). The prevalence and impact of these infections in free-ranging populations of canids are unknown. To gain a better insight into the epidemiology and pathogenesis of piroplasm infections in free-ranging grey wolves, pathological and molecular investigations into captive and free-ranging grey wolves in Croatia were performed...
April 4, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373154/internet-addiction-through-the-phase-of-adolescence-a-questionnaire-study
#15
Silvana Karacic, Stjepan Oreskovic
BACKGROUND: Adolescents increasingly use the Internet for communication, education, entertainment, and other purposes in varying degrees. Given their vulnerable age, they may be prone to Internet addiction. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to identify possible differences in the purpose of Internet use among adolescents with respect to age subgroup, country of residence, and gender and the distribution of Internet addiction across age subgroups. Another aim was to determine if there is a correlation between the purpose of Internet use and age and if this interaction influences the level of addiction to the Internet...
April 3, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371744/chronic-physical-illnesses-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-are-independently-associated-with-higher-rates-of-psychiatric-rehospitalization-a-cross-sectional-study-in-croatia
#16
I Filipcic, I Simunovic Filipcic, E Ivezic, K Matic, N Tunjic Vukadinovic, S Vuk Pisk, D Bodor, Z Bajic, M Jakovljevic, N Sartorius
BACKGROUND: Increased physical morbidity in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs) is well documented. However, much less is known about the association between somatic comorbidities and psychosis treatment outcomes. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study, nested within the larger frame of a prospective cohort study, was done in 2016 at Psychiatric Hospital Sveti Ivan, Zagreb, Croatia. Data were collected on a consecutive sample of 301 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia spectrum disorders who achieved a stable therapeutic dosage...
March 10, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365675/costs-of-occupational-injuries-and-illnesses-in-croatia
#17
Marijana Bađun
Apart from influencing the quality of life, occupational injuries and illnesses can pose a large economic burden to a society. There are many studies that estimate the costs of occupational injuries and illnesses in highly developed economies, but the evidence for other countries is scarce. This study aimed to estimate the financial costs of occupational injuries and illnesses to Croatian government and employers in 2015. Workers were excluded due to the lack of data. Costs were estimated by analysing available data sources on occupational health and safety...
March 1, 2017: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364651/influence-of-soil-characteristics-on-rare-earth-fingerprints-in-mosses-and-mushrooms-example-of-a-pristine-temperate-rainforest-slavonia-croatia
#18
Željka Fiket, Gordana Medunić, Martina Furdek Turk, Maja Ivanić, Goran Kniewald
The present study aims to investigate levels and distribution of rare earth elements (REE) in soils, mosses and mushrooms of a pristine temperate rainforest, a non-polluted natural system, in order to characterise their environmental availability and mobility. The multielement analysis of digested soil, moss and mushroom samples was performed by High Resolution Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry. The distribution of rare earths in mosses and mushrooms was found primarily affected by local pedological setting...
July 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359387/how-to-improve-opportunistic-screening-by-using-emrs-and-other-data-the-prevalence-of-undetected-diabetes-mellitus-in-target-population-in-croatia
#19
M Vrca Botica, L Carkaxhiu, J Kern, I Pavlić Renar, I Botica, I Zelić, D Iliev, A Vrca
OBJECTIVES: Opportunistic screening for type 2 diabetes (T2D) has not been adopted as part of routine practice. The aim of the study was to investigate the yield of opportunistic target screening for T2D in Croatia and to evaluate the process of screening by using data from electronic medical record. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted opportunistic screening in 23 general practitioners (GPs) in a population of 13,344 patients aged 45-70 years. METHODS: First, after excluding patients with T2D, patients with risk factors for T2D were derived from the electronic medical record and GP's assessment during the preconsultation phase...
April 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356815/a-higher-level-classification-of-the-pannonian-and-western-pontic-steppe-grasslands-central-and-eastern-europe
#20
Wolfgang Willner, Anna Kuzemko, Jürgen Dengler, Milan Chytrý, Norbert Bauer, Thomas Becker, Claudia Biţă-Nicolae, Zoltán Botta-Dukát, Andraž Čarni, János Csiky, Ruzica Igić, Zygmunt Kącki, Iryna Korotchenko, Matthias Kropf, Mirjana Krstivojević-Ćuk, Daniel Krstonošić, Tamás Rédei, Eszter Ruprecht, Luise Schratt-Ehrendorfer, Yuri Semenishchenkov, Zvjezdana Stančić, Yulia Vashenyak, Denys Vynokurov, Monika Janišová
QUESTIONS: What are the main floristic patterns in the Pannonian and western Pontic steppe grasslands? What are the diagnostic species of the major subdivisions of the class Festuco-Brometea (temperate Euro-Siberian dry and semi-dry grasslands)? LOCATION: Carpathian Basin (E Austria, SE Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Slovenia, N Croatia and N Serbia), Ukraine, S Poland and the Bryansk region of W Russia. METHODS: We applied a geographically stratified resampling to a large set of relevés containing at least one indicator species of steppe grasslands...
January 2017: Applied Vegetation Science
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