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Aleksandar Ž Kostić, Lazar M Kaluđerović, Biljana P Dojčinović, Miroljub B Barać, Vojka B Babić, Marina P Mačukanović-Jocić
BACKGROUND: Bee pollen has already proved to be a good supplement rich in content of iron and zinc. Studies about application of flower pollen in food industry and medicine have been started. Bearing in mind prevalence of maize as crop culture its pollen will be easily available. The mineral composition of pollen of seven Serbian maize hybrids was analyzed in order to establish its nutritional value and benefits of its implementation in the human diet using ICP method. RESULTS: Presence of twenty four different macro- (nine) and micronutrients (fifteen) was detected...
October 24, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
G Teofilovski-Parapid, R Jankovic, V Kanjuh, R Virmani, N Danchin, N Prates, D V Simic, B Parapid
PURPOSE: Myocardial bridge is a congenital anomaly with a markedly variable reported incidence on autopsy (4.7%-86%), likely related to geographical regions. Our previous retrospective study showed a prevalence of 0.8%, which we doubted to be the true one in the examined sample of the Serbian population. To assess the importance of the phenomenon we conducted a 2-year prospective study at the same institution. METHODS: Ninety-six cadaver hearts from adult individuals of both genders (51 men, 45 women) who died from natural causes underwent special dissection...
October 21, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
Nataša Milošević, Vladimir Jakšić, Jan Sudji, Bojan Vuković, Tijana Ičin, Nataša Milić, Milica Medić Stojanoska
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a ubiquitous environmental pollutant which is often associated with various health issues. In this study 103 healthy female volunteers in reproductive age from Serbian north province Vojvodina were enrolled and examined for the BPA exposure in the urine samples after 12 h of fasting. BPA was found in 35.92 % (37/103) of subjects. Statistically significant increment in waist circumference (p = 0.045) and waist-to-height ratio (p = 0.037) was observed among the BPA positive women in comparison with the women who had the same energetic balance and had not been exposed to BPA...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Christina Mitropoulou, Vasilios Fragoulakis, Ljiljana B Rakicevic, Mirjana M Novkovic, Athanassios Vozikis, Dragan M Matic, Nebojsa M Antonijevic, Dragica P Radojkovic, Ron H van Schaik, George P Patrinos
INTRODUCTION: Clopidogrel, which is activated by the CYP2C19 enzyme, is among the drugs for which all major regulatory agencies recommend genetic testing to be performed to identify a patient's CYP2C19 genotype in order to determine the optimal antiplatelet therapeutic scheme. The CYP2C19*2 and CYP2C19*3 variants are loss-of-function alleles, leading to abolished CYP2C19 function and thus have the risk of thrombotic events for carriers of these alleles on standard dosages, while the CYP2C19*17 allele results in CYP2C19 hyperactivity...
October 21, 2016: Pharmacogenomics
Natasa M Milic, Srdjan Masic, Jelena Milin-Lazovic, Goran Trajkovic, Zoran Bukumiric, Marko Savic, Nikola V Milic, Andja Cirkovic, Milan Gajic, Mirjana Kostic, Aleksandra Ilic, Dejana Stanisavljevic
BACKGROUND: The scientific community increasingly is recognizing the need to bolster standards of data analysis given the widespread concern that basic mistakes in data analysis are contributing to the irreproducibility of many published research findings. The aim of this study was to investigate students' attitudes towards statistics within a multi-site medical educational context, monitor their changes and impact on student achievement. In addition, we performed a systematic review to better support our future pedagogical decisions in teaching applied statistics to medical students...
2016: PloS One
Vladimir Tomović, Marija Jokanović, Mila Tomović, Milana Lazović, Branislav Šojić, Snežana Škaljac, Maja Ivić, Sunčica Koćić-Tanackov, Igor Tomašević, Aleksandra Martinović
Concentrations of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) were determined in livers (n = 52) and kidneys (n = 52) of female cattle (345-2717 days old) from dairy farms in the region Vojvodina. Cd and Pb were analysed by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry, after microwave digestion. Cd and Pb concentrations did not exceed the Serbian and European maximum set limits in any sample. The Cd concentrations in the livers and kidneys ranged from 0.033 to 0.151 mg kg(-1) wet weight and from 0.055 to 0...
October 18, 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
Dragana Dragas Milovanovic, Mihajlo Jakovljevic, Milica Scekic, Natasa Djordjevic
BACKGROUND: The number of adolescents who use caffeine is constantly increasing. As juvenile age is vulnerable, it is reasonable to expect that they will differently perceive reason and react to caffeine use than adults, and be more prone to unwanted physiological and psychological consequences of its consumption. AIM: Analysis of the scope and pattern of caffeine consumption among adolescents in Serbia. STUDY DESIGN: The cross-sectional survey was implemented in the study population of 191 Serbian adolescents during 2010...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Biljana Škrbić, Jelena Živančev, Grigorije Jovanović, Marinella Farre
About 10 heavy elements were determined in 90 samples of baby food collected from Spanish and Serbian market. The results indicated that iron, manganese and copper were most frequently detected. Tin was the predominant toxic element in both Spanish and Serbian samples, with occurrence frequencies of 12.5% and 10.0%, respectively. Element intake for Spanish and Serbian infants were estimated and compared with the recommended reference values, for the majority of elements being lower than one. However, iron and manganese intake through consumption of infant/follow-on formulas were assessed to be higher than the respective daily intakes...
October 9, 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
D Milićević, I Nastasijevic, Z Petrovic
Mycotoxins are a group of naturally occurring toxic chemical substances, produced mainly by microscopic filamentous fungal species. Regarding potential synergisms or even mitigating effects between toxic elements, mycotoxin contamination will continue to be an area of concern for producers, manufacturers, regulatory agencies, researchers and consumers in the future. In Serbia, recent drought and then flooding confirmed that mycotoxins are one of the foodborne hazards most susceptible to climate change. In this article, we review key aspects of mycotoxin contamination of the food supply chain and implications for public health from the Serbian perspective...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part C, Environmental Carcinogenesis & Ecotoxicology Reviews
Francesco Lietz, Giovanni Piumatti, Cristina Mosso, Jelena Marinkovic, Vesna Bjegovic-Mikanovic
Today well-being attracts the attention of public health professionals who are looking to explore life satisfaction as a whole and its specific domains. In order to contribute in moving the measurement of subjective well-being from a primarily academic activity to the sphere of intervention, we need to assess tools to measure multidimensional well-being (MWB) adopting state-of-the-art statistical techniques. Through structural equation modelling our goal was to test a MWB model among Italian and Serbian university students and to further observe its relationships with measures of life goals' pursuing...
October 5, 2016: Health Promotion International
Milica Paut Kusturica, Ana Tomas, Zdenko Tomic, Dragica Bukumiric, Aleksandar Corac, Olga Horvat, Ana Sabo
INTRODUCTION: An ongoing issue of expired medications accumulating in some households is a universal problem around the world. The aim of the study was to investigate the extent and structure of expired medications in Serbian households, and to determine which therapeutic groups generated the most waste. METHODS: This was an observational, cross-sectional study conducted in households in the city of Novi Sad, Serbia. The study had been performed over 8 month period (December 2011 - July 2012) and it consisted of personal insights into the medication inventory in households...
September 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Ljiljana Vucic, Branislav Glisic, Darija Kisic-Tepavcevic, Uros Vucic, Jelena Drulovic, Tatjana Pekmezovic
INTRODUCTION: Dentofacial disorders may potentially significantly affect the quality of life. Objectives of this study were to validate translated and culturally adapted Orthognatic Quality of Life Questionnaire (OQLQ) on a cohort of Serbian patients with malocclusions. METHODS: The questionnaire was validated in 111 consecutive patients with malocclusions, seen between December 2014 and February 2015 at the Clinic of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Belgrade...
September 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
S Peric, M Vujnic, V Dobricic, A Marjanovic, I Basta, I Novakovic, D Lavrnic, V Rakocevic-Stojanovic
Background - Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is the most common muscular dystrophy in adults. There is a complete lack of studies that assessed quality of life (QoL) trajectory during time in DM1 cohorts. Aim - To analyze changes of QoL in patients with DM1 during a 5-year follow-up period and to assess responsiveness of the SF-36 questionnaire. Patients and Method - At the baseline, this study comprised 84 DM1 patients, of whom 62 were retested after the mean period of 64.2 ± 3.9 months. Severity of muscular weakness was assessed using the Muscular Impairment Rating Scale (MIRS)...
November 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Cristina Nuccetelli, Rosabianca Trevisi, Ivan Ignjatović, Jelena Dragaš
The present paper reports the results of a study on different types of fly ash from Serbian coal burning power plants and their potential use as a binder in alkali-activated concrete (AAC) depending on their radiological and mechanical properties. Five AAC mixtures with different types of coal burning fly ash and one type of blast furnace slag were designed. Measurements of the activity concentrations of (40)K, (226)Ra and (232)Th were done both on concrete constituents (fly ash, blast furnace slag and aggregate) and on the five solid AAC samples...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Andrea Pieroni, Renata Sõukand, Cassandra L Quave, Avni Hajdari, Behxhet Mustafa
A food ethnobotanical field study was conducted among the Gorani of South Kosovo, a small ethnic minority group that speaks a South-Slavic language and lives in the south of the country. We conducted forty-one semi-structured interviews in ten villages of the Kosovar Gora mountainous area and found that seventy-nine wild botanical and mycological taxa represent the complex mosaic of the food cultural heritage in this population. A large portion of the wild food plant reports refer to fermented wild fruit-based beverages and herbal teas, while the role of wild vegetables is restricted...
September 22, 2016: Appetite
Sanja Ž Mudrić, Uroš M Gašić, Aleksandra M Dramićanin, Ivanka Ž Ćirić, Dušanka M Milojković-Opsenica, Jelena B Popović-Đorđević, Nebojša M Momirović, Živoslav Lj Tešić
Spice peppers (Capsicum annuum L.) var. Lemeška and Lakošnička paprika were investigated to evaluate their polyphenolic and carbohydrate profiles and antioxidant activity. A total of forty-nine polyphenolics were identified using ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) coupled to LTQ OrbiTrap mass analyzer. Twenty-five of them were quantified using available standards, while the other compounds were confirmed by exact mass search of their deprotonated molecule [M-H](-) and its MS(4) fragmentation...
February 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Brankica Kartalović, Nikolina J Novakov, Željko Mihaljev, Jelena Petrović, Nadežda Prica, Jelena Babić, Miroslav A Ćirković
The aim of this study was to determine the level of organochlorine (OC) pesticides in 57 samples of canned tuna and 31 samples of canned sardines in vegetable oil, collected from supermarkets in Serbia. OC pesticides α-HCH, β-HCH, δ-HCH, dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), DDE, DDD, dielderin, endosulfane I, endosulfane II, endosulan sulfate, endrin, endrin ketone, heptachlor, heptachlor epoxide, lindane, aldrin, metoxichlor, cis-chlordane and trans-chlordane were determined using a GS-MS method. The highest concentrations (µg kg(-1), arithmetic means) in canned tuna were for δ-HCH (60...
December 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
Sandra Dragicevic, Natasa Petrovic-Stanojevic, Aleksandra Nikolic
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFB1) is a multifunctional cytokine that plays an important role in airway remodeling in asthma. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze common TGFB1 gene promoter polymorphisms C-509T and G-800A in Serbian asthmatics and to investigate their association with exacerbations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 102 asthmatics and 58 healthy individuals from Serbia, age and gender matched...
March 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Slobodan M Jankovic, Marija Andjelkovic, Radica Zivkovic Zaric, Marko Vasic, Éva Csépány, Tamás Gyüre, Csaba Ertsey
BACKGROUND: The Comprehensive Headache-related Quality of life Questionnaire (CHQQ), is a recently developed and validated instrument, intended for measuring quality of life of patients with all headache types. Currently no validated headache-specific quality of life questionnaires are available in Serbian. The aim of this study was to translate the CHQQ from Hungarian to Serbian, to make necessary cultural adaptations and to test its psychometric properties in a sample of outpatients with headache...
2016: SpringerPlus
Zlata Markov, Zorica Nedeljković, Antonio Ricarte, Ante Vujić, Snežana Jovičić, Zsolt Józan, Sonja Mudri-Stojnić, Snežana Radenković, Aleksandar Ćetković
The diversity of bee (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) and hoverfly (Diptera: Syrphidae) pollinators from ten localities in Vojvodina, Serbia was surveyed. Among different types of Pannonian habitat (grasslands, heathland and scrub, woodland and forest habitats) all localities were categorised as forest and steppe. They were in protected areas, mostly undisturbed by human activity. Censuses of pollinators took place from 30 March to 10 October, 2014. We recorded 218 pollinator species; 135 bee species (42 Halictidae; 32 Apidae; 29 Andrenidae; 24 Megachilidae; 7 Colletidae; 1 Melittidae) and 83 species of hoverflies...
2016: Zootaxa
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