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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092403/a-novel-mutation-conferring-the-nonbrittle-phenotype-of-cultivated-barley
#1
Peter Civáň, Terence A Brown
The nonbrittle rachis, resulting in a seed head which does not shatter at maturity, is one of the key phenotypes that distinguishes domesticated barley from its wild relatives. The phenotype is associated with two loci, Btr1 and Btr2, with all domesticated barleys thought to have either a 1 bp deletion in Btr1 or an 11 bp deletion in Btr2. We used a PCR genotyping method with 380 domesticated barley landraces to identify those with the Btr1 deletion and those with the Btr2 deletion. We discovered two landraces, from Serbia and Greece, that had neither deletion...
January 16, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087986/barriers-to-access-to-opioid-medicines-for-patients-with-opioid-dependence-a-review-of-legislation-and-regulations-in-eleven-central-and-eastern-european-countries
#2
Marjolein J M Vranken, Aukje K Mantel-Teeuwisse, Saskia Jünger, Lukas Radbruch, Willem Scholten, John A Lisman, Marija Subataite, Marie-Hélène D B Schutjens
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Barriers linked to drug control systems are considered to contribute to inequitable access to controlled medicines, leaving millions of people in pain and suffering. Most studies focus on access to opioids for the treatment of severe (cancer) pain. This study aims to identify specific access barriers for patients with opioid dependence in legislation and regulations of 11 Central and Eastern European countries. METHODS: This study builds on a previous analysis of legislation and regulations as part of the EU 7th Framework Access To Opioid Medication in Europe (ATOME) project...
January 14, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077910/the-first-mediterranean-seminar-on-science-writing-editing-and-publishing-sarajevo-december-2-3-2016
#3
REVIEW
Izet Masic, Doncho Donev, Osman Sinanovic, Miro Jakovljevic, Enver Zerem, Dejan B Milosevic, Srecko Gajovic, Armen Yuri Gasparyan, Sekib Sokolovic, Nermin Salkic, Selma Uzunovic, Silva Dobric, Floreta Kurti, Edin Begic, Admir Kurtcehajic
The First Mediterranean Seminar on Science Writing, Editing & Publishing (SWEP 2016) was held in Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina from 2nd to 3rd December 2016. It was organized by Academy of Medical Sciences of Bosnia and Herzegovina, running concurrent sessions as part of its Annual Meeting titled " "Days of AMNuBiH - Theory and Practice in Science Communication and Scientometrics". Hotel Bosnia in the city centre was the chosen venue. On the first day, nineteen presentations on various issues of science writing and publication ethics were delivered by speakers from Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina and the UK (Asim Kurjak, Milivoj Boranić, Doncho Donev, Osman Sinanović, Miro Jakovljević, Enver Zerem, Dejan Milošević, Silva Dobrić, Srećko Gajović, Izet Mašić, Armen Yuri Gasparyan, Šekib Sokolović, Nermin Salkić, Selma Uzunović, Admir Kurtčehajić, Edin Begić and Floreta Kurti)...
December 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073548/cyanobacteria-and-cyanotoxins-in-fishponds-and-their-effects-on-fish-tissue
#4
Damjana Drobac, Nada Tokodi, Jelena Lujić, Zoran Marinović, Gordana Subakov-Simić, Tamara Dulić, Tamara Važić, Sonja Nybom, Jussi Meriluoto, Geoffrey A Codd, Zorica Svirčev
Cyanobacteria can produce toxic metabolites known as cyanotoxins. Common and frequently investigated cyanotoxins include microcystins (MCs), nodularin (NOD) and saxitoxins (STXs). During the summer of 2011 extensive cyanobacterial growth was found in several fishponds in Serbia. Sampling of the water and fish (common carp, Cyprinus carpio) was performed. Water samples from 13 fishponds were found to contain saxitoxin, microcystin, and/or nodularin. LC-MS/MS showed that MC-RR was present in samples of fish muscle tissue...
May 2016: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064241/associations-between-racial-discrimination-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-low-birthweight-among-roma
#5
Teresa Janevic, Theresa Osypuk, Kristefer Stojanovski, Janko Jankovic, Daniel Gundersen, Maggie Rogers
BACKGROUND: Racial discrimination may increase the risk of low birthweight (LBW), but has not been studied among Roma, the largest minority population in Europe. Moreover, few studies test both institutional and interpersonal forms of racial discrimination on health. Our objective was to examine associations between institutional and interpersonal racial discrimination with LBW, and to test potential mediation by smoking during pregnancy. METHODS: In 2012-2013, Romani women interviewers surveyed 410 Romani women in Serbia and Macedonia...
January 7, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053571/comparative-study-of-oxidative-stress-parameters-and-acetylcholinesterase-activity-in-the-liver-of-pelophylax-esculentus-complex-frogs
#6
Marko Prokić, Slavica Borković-Mitić, Imre Krizmanić, Jelena Gavrić, Svetlana Despotović, Branka Gavrilović, Tijana Radovanović, Slađan Pavlović, Zorica Saičić
Comparative activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), glutathione reductase (GR), the phase II biotransformation enzyme glutathione-S-transferase (GST), the concentrations of total glutathione (GSH), sulfhydryl groups (-SH) and the activity of the neurotoxicity biomarker acetylcholinesterase (AChE) were investigated in the livers of species belonging to the Pelophylax esculentus "complex" (parental species Pelophylax ridibundus, Pelophylax lessonae, and their hybrid Pelophylax kl...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042640/toxicology-of-microcystins-with-reference-to-cases-of-human-intoxications-and-epidemiological-investigations-of-exposures-to-cyanobacteria-and-cyanotoxins
#7
REVIEW
Zorica Svirčev, Damjana Drobac, Nada Tokodi, Biljana Mijović, Geoffrey A Codd, Jussi Meriluoto
Blooms of cyanobacteria have been documented throughout history, all over the world. Mass populations of these organisms typically present hazards to human health and are known for the production of a wide range of highly toxic metabolites-cyanotoxins, of which among the most common and most investigated are the microcystins. The toxicity of the family of microcystin congeners to animal and cell models has received much attention; however, less is known about their negative effects on human health, whether via acute or chronic exposure...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039706/partial-versus-radical-nephrectomy-for-pt1a-renal-cancer-in-serbia
#8
Aleksandar Janicic, Uros Bumbasirevic, Tatjana Pekomezovic, Milica Cekerevac, Miodrag Acimovic, Zoran Dzamic, Cane Tulic
PURPOSE: To assess the treatment outcome of pT1a renal tumors, comparing overall survival (OS) in patients treated with radical nephrectomy (RN) and partial nephrectomy (PN), and to examine the rate of utilization of PN in a tertiary institution in Serbia. METHODS: Included were patients treated for pT1a kidney tumors with open RN or open PN during 1996-2013. The inclusion criterion was the pathological tumor stage T1a. Exclusion criteria were higher pathological stages, metastatic presentation, or imperative indications for partial nephrectomy...
November 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036312/antimicrobial-resistance-of-selected-invasive-bacteria-in-a-tertiary-care-center-results-of-a-prospective-surveillance-study
#9
Olivera Djuric, Snezana Jovanovic, Branka Stosovic, Tanja Tosic, Milica Jovanovic, Ljiljana Markovic-Denic
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to report the distribution and resistance patterns of eight invasive clinically relevant bacteria surveyed in the Clinical Center of Serbia (CCS) in Belgrade. METHODOLOGY: A total of 477 clinical blood stream isolates of Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Enterococcus faecium, Enterococcus faecalis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter spp. were collected in the period from January to December 2013...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030350/prevalence-and-molecular-characterization-of-theileria-equi-and-babesia-caballi-in-jereed-horses-in-erzurum-turkey
#10
Esin Guven, Hamza Avcioglu, Ahmet Deniz, İbrahim Balkaya, Ugur Abay, Şevki Yavuz, Muzaffer Akyüz
Equine piroplasmosis (EP) is a hemoprotozoan tick-borne disease with worldwide distribution that is caused by Theileria equi and Babesia caballi. There are studies reporting the presence of equine piroplasmosis in Turkey but the situation in Erzurum is unknown. The aim of the current study was to determine the situation of equine piroplasmosis in jeered horses in Erzurum. Between April and August 2015, a total of 125 Arabian horse were examined and blood samples were collected. At the time of sampling, animals were also examined for tick infestations and clinical signs...
March 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027472/assessment-of-major-and-trace-element-bioavailability-in-vineyard-soil-applying-different-single-extraction-procedures-and-pseudo-total-digestion
#11
Tijana Milićević, Dubravka Relić, Sandra Škrivanj, Živoslav Tešić, Aleksandar Popović
A different single extraction procedures (CH3COOH, Na2EDTA, CaCl2, NH4NO3, deionized water), and pseudo-total digestion (aqua regia) were applied to determine major (Al, Fe, K, Mn, Na, P, S, and Si) and trace (Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mo, Ni, Pb, V, and Zn) element bioavailability in a topsoil from the experimental vineyard ("Radmilovac", Belgrade, Serbia). For the first time, the extraction with deionized water during 16 h was tested as an alternative method for isolating bioavailable major and trace elements from the soil...
December 19, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024751/assessing-the-environmental-impacts-of-freshwater-thermal-pollution-from-global-power-generation-in-lca
#12
Catherine E Raptis, Justin M Boucher, Stephan Pfister
Freshwater heat emissions from power plants with once-through cooling systems constitute one of many environmental pressures related to the thermoelectric power industry. The objective of this work was to obtain high resolution, operational characterization factors (CF) for the impact of heat emissions on ecosystem quality, and carry out a comprehensive, spatially, temporally and technologically differentiated damage-based environmental assessment of global freshwater thermal pollution. The aggregation of CFs on a watershed level results in 12...
December 23, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024238/forensic-application-of-phylogenetic-analyses-exploration-of-suspected-hiv-1-transmission-case
#13
Marina Siljic, Dubravka Salemovic, Valentina Cirkovic, Ivana Pesic-Pavlovic, Jovan Ranin, Marija Todorovic, Slobodan Nikolic, Djordje Jevtovic, Maja Stanojevic
Transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) between individuals may have important legal implications and therefore may come to require forensic investigation based upon phylogenetic analysis. In criminal trials results of phylogenetic analyses have been used as evidence of responsibility for HIV transmission. In Serbia, as in many countries worldwide, exposure and deliberate transmission of HIV are criminalized. We present the results of applying state of the art phylogenetic analyses, based on pol and env genetic sequences, in exploration of suspected HIV transmission among three subjects: a man and two women, with presumed assumption of transmission direction from one woman to a man...
December 19, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983893/suitability-of-blood-pressure-to-height-ratio-as-the-criterion-for-high-blood-pressure-in-children-in-an-environmental-study
#14
Katarina Paunović, Branko Jakovljević
BACKGROUND: Blood-pressure-to-height ratio is considered a simple, accurate, inexpensive and non-age-dependent index for screening high blood pressure in a clinical setting, but its suitability in epidemiological surveys was not taken into consideration. The aim of this study was to test the suitability of blood-pressure-to-height ratio against blood pressure for age percentiles for the identification of high blood pressure in an environmental study. METHODS: The sample consisted of 2195 children, aged 3 to 15 years, whose blood pressure was measured as part of an environmental study in Belgrade, Serbia...
January 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975635/ethnobotanical-study-on-traditional-use-of-medicinal-plants-in-p%C3%A4-inja-district-south-east-serbia
#15
J Č Živković, K P Šavikin, S T Dejan, G M Zdunić, M D Ilić
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973368/natural-radionuclides-in-waste-water-discharged-from-coal-fired-power-plants-in-serbia
#16
Marija M Janković, Dragana J Todorović, Nataša B Sarap, Jelena D Krneta Nikolić, Milica M Rajačić, Gordana K Pantelić
Investigation of the natural radioactivity levels in water around power plants, as well as in plants, coal, ash, slag and soil, and to assess the associated radiation hazard is becoming an emerging and interesting topic. This paper is focused on the results of the radioactivity analysis in waste water samples from five coal-fired power plants in Serbia (Nikola Tesla A, Nikola Tesla B, Kolubara, Morava and Kostolac), which were analyzed in the period 2003-2015. River water samples taken upstream and downstream from the power plants, drain water and overflow water were analyzed...
December 2016: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972201/cost-utility-analysis-of-insulin-degludec-vs-insulin-glargine-u100-treatment-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-1-and-2-in-serbia
#17
M Culic, M Russel-Szymczyk, B Chubb, C Tikkanen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971934/budget-impact-analysis-of-introducing-pharmacist-managed-warfarin-service-in-the-republic-of-serbia
#18
T Stojkovic, N Bogavac-Stanojevic, Marinkovic, D Lakic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971243/a-prospective-assessment-of-attitudes-and-experiences-among-urologists-regarding-off-label-use-of-bcg-vaccine-in-serbia
#19
V Marinkovic, S Bekcic, J Djordjevic, L Tasic, T Stojkovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971122/job-burnout-predictors-in-community-pharmacists-in-serbia
#20
D D Jocic, D M Krajnovic, D M Lakic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
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