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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919569/the-relation-between-radon-in-schools-and-in-dwellings-a-case-study-in-a-rural-region-of-southern-serbia
#1
Z S Žunić, P Bossew, F Bochicchio, N Veselinovic, C Carpentieri, G Venoso, S Antignani, R Simovic, Z Ćurguz, V Udovicic, Z Stojanovska, T Tollefsen
Recognized as a significant health hazard, radon (Rn) has been given increasing attention for years. Surveys of different kinds have been performed in many countries to assess the intensity and the geographical extent of possible Rn problems. Common surveys cover mainly dwellings, the indoor place with highest occupancy, and schools, where people spend a large fraction of their lifetime and which can also be considered exemplary for Rn exposure at workplaces; it has however been observed that relating them is difficult...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919499/quality-of-life-and-its-correlates-in-adolescent-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#2
Slavica Ostojic, Dejan Stevanovic, Jasna Jancic
INTRODUCTION: Measures of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are considered to be more comprehensive in health outcome assessments than scales assessing only the degree of neurological deficit. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate HRQOL and its correlates among adolescents with multiple sclerosis (MS) in Serbia. METHODS: Demographic, clinical, and patient-reported outcome data were collected for 21 adolescents with MS, aged 14-18 years...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915257/correlates-of-self-rated-health-in-southern-europe-evidences-from-national-representative-samples-in-italy-and-serbia
#3
Francesco Lietz, Giovanni Piumatti, Jelena Marinkovic, Vesna Bjegovic-Mikanovic
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health (SRH) is a widely adopted tool to compare health across countries. Our aim was to examine SRH differences between Italy and Serbia and to observe the role of predictors of SRH referring to health behaviors within and between both countries. METHODS: We used cross-sectional population-based data from Italian and Serbian national health surveys carried out in 2013. Post hoc cross-standardization was undertaken to ensure that the information from both data sets was comparable...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913988/experience-and-attitudes-toward-informed-consent-in-pharmacy-practice-research-do-pharmacists-care
#4
Dušanka M Krajnović, Dragana D Jocić
The experience and attitudes of pharmacists towards research ethics through pharmacy practice research is largely unknown. This study sought to examine the pharmacists' experience if they were research participants and their attitudes on the importance of informed consent in research practice. A cross-sectional survey was employed to achieve the aims of this study. The majority of 433 participating pharmacists were female (86.1%); the average age was 43.2 ± 9.5 years, and their average working experience was 15...
December 2, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899475/predictors-of-prenatal-smoking-and-attempted-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy-a-community-based-study-of-romani-women-in-southeastern-europe
#5
Janko Jankovic, Zeljka Stamenkovic, Kristefer Stojanovski, Renee D Goodwin, Teresa Janevic
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine predictors of prenatal smoking, and attempted smoking cessation during pregnancy among Romani women. METHODS: A community-based, cross-sectional study (November 2012 to February 2013) of 410 Romani women in Roma settlements in Serbia and Macedonia was conducted. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of prenatal smoking and attempted smoking cessation during pregnancy. RESULTS: Romani women older than 30 years and those who were living with a man were over twice as likely (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895442/translation-of-the-medical-fear-survey-to-serbian-psychometric-properties
#6
J Djokovic, B Milovanovic, J R Milovanovic, O Milovanovic, I Stojic, S Mrvic, M Kostic, S Stefanovic, S M Jankovic
BACKGROUND: Medical Fear Survey (MFS) is an instrument designed for measuring fear of medical and related treatments. OBJECTIVE: Aim of the present study was MFS translation into Serbian, measurement of its psychometric properties and MFS validation using other Blood-injury-injections and related stimuli instruments that have been translated from English into Serbian. METHOD: After obtaining permission from the author of the original MFS, double forward translation from English to Serbian and backward translation to English were conducted in ten steps, according to International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) guidelines...
January 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895436/rising-incidence-of-thyroid-cancer-in-serbia
#7
N Slijepcevic, V Zivaljevic, I Paunovic, A Diklic, Perisic Zivkovic, D Miljus, A Grgurevic, S Sipetic
BACKGROUND: In the past decade, the incidence of thyroid cancer (TC) has shown a stable increase, for both sexes, in many parts of the world at a rate faster than for any other type of malignancy. The aim of our study was to analyze and report changes in TC incidence in Serbia, as well as to evaluate potential reasons for these changes. So far, the incidence of TC in Serbia has not been reported. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a retrospective descriptive epidemiological study of TC data from the Cancer Register for Serbia for a ten year period, from 1999 to 2008...
January 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893948/seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-for-toxocara-canis-infection-in-serbia-during-2015
#8
Simona Gabrielli, Suzana Tasić-Otašević, Aleksandra Ignjatović, Maurizio Fraulo, Marija Trenkić-Božinović, Stefan Momčilović, Gabriella Cancrini
We report data on the Toxocara seroprevalence evidenced in 2015 from samples of 40 children and 298 adults of the population living in different areas of Serbia, and on possible association of certain variables with infection. Detection of specific antibodies was performed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; all ambiguous results and part of the positive and negative sera were further analyzed by confirmatory Western blot test. An overall 23.5% seroprevalence was noticed, which was confirmed in 13.0% of the examined population with no significant difference regarding the age (children = 10...
November 28, 2016: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892855/application-of-ethnobotanical-repellents-and-acaricides-in-prevention-control-and-management-of-livestock-ticks-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Roman Pavela, Angelo Canale, Heinz Mehlhorn, Giovanni Benelli
Ticks transmit at least the same number or even more pathogens than any other group of blood-feeding arthropods worldwide affecting humans and animals. The eco-friendly control and management of tick vectors in a constantly changing environment is a crucial challenge. Besides the development of vaccines against ticks, IPM practices aimed at reducing tick interactions with livestock, emerging pheromone-based control tools, and few biological control agents, the extensive employment of acaricides and tick repellents still remain the most effective and ready-to-use strategies...
September 9, 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884472/impact-of-untreated-wastewater-on-a-major-european-river-evaluated-with-a-combination-of-in%C3%A2-vitro-bioassays-and-chemical-analysis
#10
Maria König, Beate I Escher, Peta A Neale, Martin Krauss, Klára Hilscherová, Jiří Novák, Ivana Teodorović, Tobias Schulze, Sven Seidensticker, Muhammad Arslan Kamal Hashmi, Jörg Ahlheim, Werner Brack
Complex mixtures of micropollutants, including pesticides, pharmaceuticals and industrial chemicals emitted by wastewater effluents to European rivers may compromise the quality of these water resources and may pose a risk to ecosystem health and abstraction of drinking water. In the present study, an integrated analytical and bioanalytical approach was applied to investigate the impact of untreated wastewater effluents from the city of Novi Sad, Serbia, into the River Danube. The study was based on three on-site large volume solid phase extracted water samples collected upstream and downstream of the untreated wastewater discharge...
January 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883178/genotype-phenotype-correlation-in-44-czech-slovak-croatian-and-serbian-patients-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-ii
#11
Lenka Dvorakova, Hana Vlaskova, Adrijan Sarajlija, Danijela Petkovic Ramadza, Helena Poupetova, Eva Hruba, Anna Hlavata, Vladimir Bzduch, Karolina Peskova, Gabriela Storkanova, Bozica Kecman, Maja Djordjevic, Ivo Baric, Ksenija Fumic, Ingeborg Barisic, Martin Reboun, Jan Kulhanek, Jiri Zeman, Martin Magner
Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (Hunter syndrome, MPS II, OMIM 309900) is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficiency of iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS). We analysed clinical and laboratory data from 44 Slavic patients with this disease. In total, 21 Czech, 7 Slovak, 9 Croatian and 7 Serbian patients (43 M/1 F) were included in the study (median age 11.0 years, range 1.2-43 years). Birth prevalence ranged from 1:69,223 (Serbia) to 1:192,626 (Czech Rep.). In the majority of patients (71%), the disease manifested in infancy...
November 24, 2016: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881283/cost-effectiveness-of-introducing-point-of-care-test-for-detection-of-level-of-glycogen-phosphorylase-in-early-diagnostic-algorithm-of-acute-coronary-syndrome
#12
Slobodan M Janković, Marina Kostić
BACKGROUND: The detection of specific biomarkers in the early phase of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is important for the early diagnosis and appropriate management of patients with ACS. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of introducing a diagnostic point-of-care (POC) test for determining the levels of glycogen phosphorylase BB isoform (GPBB) in a standard diagnostic algorithm for the early diagnosis of ACS within the health system of the Republic of Serbia...
September 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864036/comorbidities-and-the-risk-of-mortality-in-patients-with-bronchiectasis-an-international-multicentre-cohort-study
#13
Melissa J McDonnell, Stefano Aliberti, Pieter C Goeminne, Marcos I Restrepo, Simon Finch, Alberto Pesci, Lieven J Dupont, Thomas C Fardon, Robert Wilson, Michael R Loebinger, Dusan Skrbic, Dusanka Obradovic, Anthony De Soyza, Chris Ward, John G Laffey, Robert M Rutherford, James D Chalmers
BACKGROUND: Patients with bronchiectasis often have concurrent comorbidities, but the nature, prevalence, and impact of these comorbidities on disease severity and outcome are poorly understood. We aimed to investigate comorbidities in patients with bronchiectasis and establish their prognostic value on disease severity and mortality rate. METHODS: An international multicentre cohort analysis of outpatients with bronchiectasis from four European centres followed up for 5 years was done for score derivation...
November 15, 2016: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824102/tracing-the-influence-of-mediterranean-climate-on-southeastern-europe-during-the-past-350-000-years
#14
Igor Obreht, Christian Zeeden, Ulrich Hambach, Daniel Veres, Slobodan B Marković, Janina Bösken, Zorica Svirčev, Nikola Bačević, Milivoj B Gavrilov, Frank Lehmkuhl
Loess-palaeosol sequences are valuable archives of past environmental changes. Although regional palaeoclimatic trends and conditions in Southeastern Europe have been inferred from loess sequences, large scale forcing mechanisms responsible for their formation have yet to be determined. Southeastern Europe is a climatically sensitive region, existing under the strong influence of both Mediterranean and continental climates. Establishment of the spatial and temporal evolution and interaction of these climatic areas is essential to understand the mechanisms of loess formation...
November 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813378/genetic-variation-in-leptin-and-leptin-receptor-genes-as-a-risk-factor-for-idiopathic-male-infertility
#15
A Hodžić, M Ristanović, B Zorn, C Tulić, A Maver, I Novaković, D Plaseska-Karanfilska, B Peterlin
The aim of this study was to examine whether there is an association among genetic variability in leptin (LEP) and leptin receptor (LEPR) genes and male infertility. We performed a case-control study and were searching for an association between polymorphisms of LEP and LEPR genes and male infertility. The study group consisted of 317 patients with idiopathic infertility and a control group of 241 fertile men from Slovenia. Four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in LEP gene and four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in LEPR gene were chosen and genotyped...
November 3, 2016: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812963/occurrence-and-behavior-of-selected-pharmaceuticals-during-riverbank-filtration-in-the-republic-of-serbia
#16
Srđan Kovačević, Marina Radišić, Mila Laušević, Milan Dimkić
The objectives of the research are to determine the occurrence of pharmaceuticals in surface water and groundwater in the Republic of Serbia and to identify significant effects of river-water purification through riverbank filtration, concerning oxic conditions and hydrogeological conditions of alluvial aquifers in Serbia. Between 2009 and 2015, a total of 19 studied pharmaceuticals and metabolites were analyzed in 184 samples, 10 were detected in surface water, and 8 in groundwater. Carbamazepine and metamizole metabolites N-acetyl-4-amino-antipyrine (4-AAA) and N-formyl-4-amino-antipyrine (4-FAA) have the highest frequency of occurrence in surface water (57...
November 3, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807699/position-paper-on-screening-for-breast-cancer-by-the-european-society-of-breast-imaging-eusobi-and-30-national-breast-radiology-bodies-from-austria-belgium-bosnia-and-herzegovina-bulgaria-croatia-czech-republic-denmark-estonia-finland-france-germany-greece
#17
Francesco Sardanelli, Hildegunn S Aase, Marina Álvarez, Edward Azavedo, Henk J Baarslag, Corinne Balleyguier, Pascal A Baltzer, Vanesa Beslagic, Ulrich Bick, Dragana Bogdanovic-Stojanovic, Ruta Briediene, Boris Brkljacic, Julia Camps Herrero, Catherine Colin, Eleanor Cornford, Jan Danes, Gérard de Geer, Gul Esen, Andrew Evans, Michael H Fuchsjaeger, Fiona J Gilbert, Oswald Graf, Gormlaith Hargaden, Thomas H Helbich, Sylvia H Heywang-Köbrunner, Valentin Ivanov, Ásbjörn Jónsson, Christiane K Kuhl, Eugenia C Lisencu, Elzbieta Luczynska, Ritse M Mann, Jose C Marques, Laura Martincich, Margarete Mortier, Markus Müller-Schimpfle, Katalin Ormandi, Pietro Panizza, Federica Pediconi, Ruud M Pijnappel, Katja Pinker, Tarja Rissanen, Natalia Rotaru, Gianni Saguatti, Tamar Sella, Jana Slobodníková, Maret Talk, Patrice Taourel, Rubina M Trimboli, Ilse Vejborg, Athina Vourtsis, Gabor Forrai
: EUSOBI and 30 national breast radiology bodies support mammography for population-based screening, demonstrated to reduce breast cancer (BC) mortality and treatment impact. According to the International Agency for Research on Cancer, the reduction in mortality is 40 % for women aged 50-69 years taking up the invitation while the probability of false-positive needle biopsy is <1 % per round and overdiagnosis is only 1-10 % for a 20-year screening. Mortality reduction was also observed for the age groups 40-49 years and 70-74 years, although with "limited evidence"...
November 2, 2016: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801369/risk-factors-for-hospital-infections-caused-by-carbapanem-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii
#18
Zorana M Djordjevic, Marko M Folic, Nevena D Folic, Nevena Gajovic, Olgica Gajovic, Slobodan M Jankovic
INTRODUCTION: Acinetobacter baumannii is one of major causative agents of severe, life-threatening hospital infections (HIs), especially in intensive care units (ICUs). Our aim was to discover the risk factors associated with the emergence of HIs caused by carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB), as well as those associated with death in patients who suffer from such infections. METHODOLOGY: A prospective cohort study was conducted over a five-year period in the medical-surgical ICU of the Clinical Centre in Kragujevac, Serbia...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801368/antimicrobial-resistance-in-patients-with-urinary-tract-infections-and-the-impact-on-empiric-therapy-in-serbia
#19
Simon Zec, Aleksa Despotovic, Aleksandra Spurnic-Radovanovic, Ivana Milosevic, Milica Jovanovic, Mijomir Pelemis, Goran Stevanovic
INTRODUCTION: Surveillance of antimicrobial resistance is essential in establishing treatment guidelines for urinary tract infections. The aim of this pilot study was to analyse resistance rates of pathogens, across different demographics and determine whether adjustments in empiric therapy should be considered for different age and gender groups. METHODOLOGY: A 5-year retrospective study included 256 patients hospitalised, under the initial diagnosis of Fever of Unknown Origin who were then subsequently diagnosed with a urinary tract infection at the Clinic for Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Clinical Centre of Serbia...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798803/organic-and-inorganic-priority-substances-in-sediments-of-luda%C3%A5-lake-a-cross-border-natural-resource-on-the-ramsar-list
#20
Nenad Grba, Dejan Krčmar, Snežana Maletić, Milena Bečelić-Tomin, Marko Grgić, Gordana Pucar, Božo Dalmacija
For the first time, long-term monitoring (from 2002 to 2014) was carried out of surface sediments in Ludaš Lake, a Ramsar site in northern Serbia. Organic (16 EPA PAHs, mineral oils, selected pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)) and inorganic substances (eight heavy metals: Ni, Zn, Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, As and Hg) were continually investigated. Dibenzo[a,h]anthracene (DahA) and fluorene (Flo) were found at levels indicative of causing adverse effects to biota. Diagnostic ratios of specific PAHs were dominated by high molecular weight components, particularly DahA, which contributed 81...
October 31, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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