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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730768/modulatory-effect-of-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-on-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-breast-cancer
#1
Jasna Trifunovic, Numa Memisevic, Borislava Nikolin, Svetlana Salma, Tihomir Dugandzija, Vladimir Vidovic
PURPOSE: To evaluate the changes in biological markers ER, PR, HER2 and Ki67 in residual tumor after surgery for locally advanced breast cancer (LABC), and also to evaluate the outcome of breast cancer patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). METHODS: 144 breast cancer patients treated with NAC at the Oncology Institute of Vojvodina, Serbia from 2011 to 2015 were included in this study. Changes in biologic markers ER,PR, HER2/neu and Ki-67 were evaluated at diagnostic core biopsy and at the final surgery tissue specimens...
May 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715977/iatrogenic-tracheoarterial-fistula-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Durmić Tijana, Čurović Ivana, Bogdanović Milenko, Savić Slobodan
Tracheo-innominate fistula is a rare but recognised life-threatening complication most commonly associated with prolonged endotracheal intubation. We report the case of a 16-year-old boy who developed a tracheo-innominate fistula secondary to the prolonged intubation after a pool accident. After 16 days of hospitalisation, the patient died as a consequence of a massive haemorrhage into the tracheobronchial tree and asphyxia. This is a rare complication, and to our knowledge, no case of tracheo-innominate fistula or any other case series concerning this rare complication has been reported in Serbia recently...
July 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713447/knowledge-about-blood-borne-pathogens-and-the-prevalence-of-needle-stick-injuries-among-medical-students-in-serbia
#3
Vuk Marusic, Ljiljana Markovic-Denic, Olivera Djuric, Dragana Protic, Emilija Dubljanin-Raspopovic
INTRODUCTION: Medical students are mainly exposed to needle stick and sharp object injuries in the course of their clinical activities during studying. They are at high risk due to their undeveloped skills, restricted clinical experience, lack of knowledge and risk perception. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of needle stick injuries of the fourth and final year medical students, and to estimate their knowledge about blood-borne pathogens disease transmission and standard precautions...
September 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711578/breast-cancer-in-south-eastern-european-countries-since-2000-rising-incidence-and-decreasing-mortality-at-young-and-middle-ages
#4
Nadya Dimitrova, Ariana Znaor, Dominic Agius, Sultan Eser, Mario Sekerija, Anton Ryzhov, Maja Primic-Žakelj, Jan Willem Coebergh
BACKGROUND: Marked variations exist in the incidence and mortality trends of major cancers in South-Eastern European (SEE) countries which have now been detailed by age for breast cancer (BC) to seek clues for improvement. METHODS: We brought together and analysed data from 14 cancer registries (CRs), situated in SEE countries or directly adjacent. Age-standardised rate at world standard (ASRw) and truncated incidence and mortality rates during 2000-2010 by year, and for four age groups, were calculated...
July 13, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706333/availability-of-pediatric-evaluated-formulations-in-serbia
#5
Bojana Božić, Sanja Stupar, Duško Stupar, Uroš Babić, Milica Bajčetić
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to analyze the availability and coverage by health insurance reimbursement of pediatric formulations labeled for children up to the age of 12 in Serbia. To provide good insight in general availability of pediatric medicines, results were compared with the World Health Organization's (WHO) "Model List of Essential Medicines for Children" and with published evidence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sources of information about medicines are the Summary of Product Characteristics, National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF) Drug Lists, WHO Model Lists of Essential Medicines for Children, and Serbia's official drug registry (2013)...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702914/bactericidal-activity-of-cu-zn-and-ag-containing-zeolites-toward-escherichia-coli-isolates
#6
Jelena Milenkovic, Jasna Hrenovic, Danka Matijasevic, Miomir Niksic, Nevenka Rajic
Two types of zeolites-natural clinoptilolite (NZ) and synthetic zeolite A (A)-were enriched with approx. 0.25 mmol of Cu(II), Zn(II), or Ag(I) ions, and the obtained materials (M-Z) were tested against three different isolates of Escherichia coli. Two isolates were environmental isolates from waters in Serbia whereas the third one was DSM 498. Antibacterial activity was studied in different water media-nutrient-rich media (peptone water), water from Sava Lake, and commercially available spring water. The Ag-containing zeolites showed bactericidal activity in the nutrient-rich peptone water after 1 h of contact...
July 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700631/is-the-level-of-knowledge-a-predictor-of-rational-antibiotic-use-in-serbia
#7
Olga J Horvat, Ana D Tomas, Milica M Paut Kusturica, Alisa V Savkov, Dragica U Bukumirić, Zdenko S Tomić, Ana J Sabo
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to investigate the knowledge, attitudes and behavior regarding antibiotics of the general population. METHODS: The study sample consisted of adult subjects who consulted general practitioners at health centers in Serbia and agreed to complete the questionnaire. A total of 668 questionnaires were distributed; 500 respondents completed the entire questionnaire (response rate 74.85%). RESULTS: The average age was 51...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698897/factors-associated-with-good-self-rated-health-in-european-adolescents-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#8
Dario Novak, Lovro Štefan, Arunas Emeljanovas, Brigita Mieziene, Ivana Milanović, Snežana Radisavljević Janić, Ichiro Kawachi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate self-reported health status and associated factors. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the participants were 6501 adolescents (52% females) aged 14-19 years from three European countries: Croatia, Lithuania and Serbia. Self-rated health was assessed by using one item question: "How would you perceive your health?" The answers were arranged along a 5-point Likert-type scale: (1) very poor, (2) poor, (3) fair, (4) good and (5) excellent...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695415/the-real-life-effectiveness-and-care-patterns-of-diabetes-management-study-for-balkan-region-slovenia-croatia-serbia-bulgaria-a-multicenter-observational-cross-sectional-study
#9
Sanja Klobucar Majanovic, Andrej Janez, Ivaylo Lefterov, Sanja Tasic, Tatjana Cikac
INTRODUCTION: Recent large randomized controlled trials highlighted the clinical significance of hypoglycemic episodes in the treatment of diabetes. The present survey was conducted to provide information from real-life practice on the incidence of hypoglycemia in type 2 diabetic patients treated with sulfonylureas. METHODS: This multicenter, observational, cross-sectional study collected data on incidence of side effects of sulfonylurea-based therapy in type 2 diabetic patients in four countries of the Balkan region (Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria) from October 2014 to June 2015...
July 10, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692947/how-services-for-children-with-disabilities-in-serbia-affect-the-quality-of-life-of-their-families
#10
Tamara Dzamonja Ignjatovic, Marko Milanovic, Nevenka Zegarac
BACKGROUND: Families that have children with disabilities face numerous difficulties related to the lack of services support, social isolation and poverty in Serbia. Mostly due to the prolonged effect of social and economic crisis, there are insufficient adequate and diverse community-based services for those families. AIMS: The aim of the study was to examine the effect of newly introduced services on the quality of families' life. METHODS: A pretest/posttest study was conducted at the beginning of service and one year later to evaluate the effect of services measured by Family Quality of Life Scale (Hoffman et al...
July 7, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688269/nature-based-solution-for-improving-mental-health-and-well-being-in-urban-areas
#11
Maja Vujcic, Jelena Tomicevic-Dubljevic, Mihailo Grbic, Dusica Lecic-Tosevski, Olivera Vukovic, Oliver Toskovic
The general disproportion of urban development and the socio-economical crisis in Serbia, followed by a number of acute and chronic stressors, as well as years of accumulated trauma, prevented the parallel physical, mental and social adaptation of society as a whole. These trends certainly affected the quality of mental health and well-being, particularly on the vulnerable urban population, increasing the absolute number of people with depression, stress and psychosomatic disorders. This study was pioneering in Serbia and was conducted in collaboration with the Faculty of Forestry, the Institute of Mental Health and the Botanical Garden in Belgrade, in order to understand how spending time and performing horticulture therapy in specially designed urban green environments can improve mental health...
July 4, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680362/medical-biochemistry-as-subdiscipline-of-laboratory-medicine-in-serbia
#12
Snežana Jovičić, Nada Majkić-Singh
Medical biochemistry is the usual name for clinical biochemistry or clinical chemistry in Serbia, and medical biochemist is the official name for the clinical chemist (or clinical biochemist). This is the largest sub-discipline of the laboratory medicine in Serbia. It includes all aspects of clinical chemistry, and also laboratory hematology with coagulation, immunology, etc. Medical biochemistry laboratories in Serbia and medical biochemists as a profession are part of Health Care System and their activities are regulated through: the Health Care Law and rules issued by the Chamber of Medical Biochemists of Serbia...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680361/influence-of-syrgical-trauma-on-nitric-oxide-and-nitrotyrosine-serum-levels-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-or-conventional-cholecystectomy
#13
Srdjan Mijatović, Tamara Alempijević, Branislava Stefanović, Vasilije Jeremić, Slobodan Krstić, Nikola Radmanović, Sanja Jovanović, Branislav Stefanović
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress represents tissue damage caused by reactive forms of oxygen and nitrogen due to the inability of antioxidant mechanisms to reduce reactive forms into more stable ones. The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of surgical trauma on nitric oxide (NO) and nitrotyrosine (NT) values in patients undergoing conventional and laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: A prospective study included sixty patients from the Department of Emergency Surgery, Clinical Centre of Serbia who were operated for gallstone related chronic cholecystitis...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679579/teaching-animal-physiology-a-12-year-experience-transitioning-from-a-classical-to-interactive-approach-with-continual-assessment-and-computer-alternatives
#14
Sonja N Kaisarevic, Silvana A Andric, Tatjana S Kostic
In response to the Bologna Declaration and contemporary trends in Animal Physiology education, the Animal Physiology course at the Faculty of Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Serbia, has evolved over a 12-yr period (2001-2012): from a classical two-semester course toward a one-semester course utilizing computer simulations of animal experiments, continual assessment, lectures, and an optional oral exam. This paper presents an overview of student achievement, the impact of reforms on learning outcomes, and lessons that we as educators learned during this process...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670280/trends-and-patterns-of-disparities-in-oral-cavity-and-pharyngeal-cancer-in-serbia-prevalence-and-economic-consequences-in-a-transitional-country
#15
Gordana Djordjevic, Aleksandar Dagovic, Vladimir Ristic, Tatjana Kanjevac, Denis Brajkovic, Milica Popovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669785/knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-vaccination-a-survey-of-serbian-students
#16
Smiljana J Cvjetkovic, Vida Lj Jeremic, Danijela V Tiosavljevic
Since vaccination coverage in Serbia has been decreasing and health professionals have been identified as the most important factor in making decisions about immunization, vaccination knowledge and attitudes of students, especially medical students, are of particular interest. A cross-sectional survey was carried out on three groups of 509 Belgrade University students (medical, law and engineering students). The data were collected using an on-line questionnaire posted to student groups and included the Vaccine Knowledge Questionnaire and Attitudes Toward Vaccination Scale...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665215/neurocognitive-profile-of-hiv-positive-adults-on-combined-antiretroviral-therapy-a-single-centre-study-in-serbia
#17
Brigitta Malagurski, Vojislava Bugarski Ignjatović, Daniela Marić, Željka Nikolašević, Ljiljana Mihić, Snežana Brkić
The advent of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) has prolonged the life expectancy of HIV + individuals and decreased the incidence of HIV-associated dementia. However, milder forms of neurocognitive impairment remain common and are often associated with poor daily functioning and lower medication adherence. This paper presents a research aimed at exploring the cognitive status differences between HIV + subjects (N = 39) on cART therapy and a group of demographically comparable healthy subjects (N = 39) in Serbia...
June 30, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662733/health-technology-assessment-in-serbia
#18
Dragana Atanasijevic, Vladimir Zah
OBJECTIVES: This study provides an overview of the Republic of Serbia healthcare system and describes the process of developing and conducting health technology assessment (HTA). METHODS: The authors performed pragmatic, nonsystematic literature review based on available statistical data, legislation, and studies. RESULTS: Healthcare law creates conditions that allow implementation of the principle "value for money." The institutions directly vested in the implementation of HTA are the National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF) and the Ministry of Health (MoH)...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662320/an-approach-to-determine-the-prevalence-of-poor-mental-health-among-urban-and-rural-population-in-serbia-using-propensity-score-matching
#19
Milena Šantrić-Milićević, Nataša Rosić, Uroš Babić, Zorica Šupić-Terzić, Janko Janković, Jovana Todorović, Goran Trajković
OBJECTIVE: Studies about mental health among urban and rural residents are scarce. A limited number of studies report somewhat better mental health in rural settings, despite higher rates of suicides. The main objective of this study was to describe social conditions of the population of Serbia in rural and urban settlements and to assess the differences in the prevalence of mental health disorders. METHODS: Propensity score matching of urban and rural persons (2 × 3,569 persons) has eliminated confounding effects from social variables (age, gender, wealth index, education level, employment, family status) and self-rated health...
June 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659800/socioeconomic-factors-associated-with-psychoactive-substance-abuse-by-adolescents-in-serbia
#20
Katarina M Janicijevic, Sanja S Kocic, Svetlana R Radevic, Mirjana R Jovanovic, Snezana M Radovanovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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