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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351082/prevalence-of-endoparasitic-infections-of-birds-in-zoo-gardens-in-serbia
#1
Tamara Ilić, Zsolt Becskei, Bojan Gajić, József Özvegy, Predrag Stepanović, Katarina Nenadović, Sanda Dimitrijević
This report represents the prevalence of endoparasitic infections of birds in zoological gardens in Serbia. Coprological examination conducted during 2015 and 2016, involved samples from 318 individual birds belonging to 112 species, in three zoo gardens (Belgrade, Palić and Bor). Individual faeces samples were analysed by the flotation method in salt solution. The presence of endoparasites was established in 51.96% (Belgrade), 46.16% (Palić) and 16.66% (Bor) of the tested birds. We diagnosed coccidian oocysts, eggs of Capillaria spp, Heterakis spp, Trichostrongylus spp, Ascaridia spp, Syngamus trachea and eggs of yet unidentified trematode...
March 26, 2018: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349736/application-of-experimental-design-for-the-optimization-of-artificial-neural-network-based-water-quality-model-a-case-study-of-dissolved-oxygen-prediction
#2
Aleksandra Šiljić Tomić, Davor Antanasijević, Mirjana Ristić, Aleksandra Perić-Grujić, Viktor Pocajt
This paper presents an application of experimental design for the optimization of artificial neural network (ANN) for the prediction of dissolved oxygen (DO) content in the Danube River. The aim of this research was to obtain a more reliable ANN model that uses fewer monitoring records, by simultaneous optimization of the following model parameters: number of monitoring sites, number of historical monitoring data (expressed in years), and number of input water quality parameters used. Box-Behnken three-factor at three levels experimental design was applied for simultaneous spatial, temporal, and input variables optimization of the ANN model...
January 18, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346849/syphilis-resurgence-in-belgrade-serbia-in-the-new-millennium-an-outbreak-in-2014
#3
Milan Bjekić, Sandra Šipetić-Grujičić, Biljana Begović-Vuksanović, Nevena Rafailović, Hristina Vlajinac
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319523/temperature-ph-and-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-are-potent-inhibitors-of-biofilm-formation-by-stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-clinical-isolates
#4
Marjan Biočanin, Haowa Madi, Zorica Vasiljević, Milan Kojić, Branko Jovčić, Jelena Lozo
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, an opportunistic pathogen usually connected with healthcare-associated infections, is an environmental bacterium. Intrinsic resistance to multiple antibiotics, with different virulence determinants in the last decade classified this bacterium in the group of global multiple drug resistant (MDR) organism. S. maltophilia clinical isolates, were collected from tertiary care pediatric hospital in Belgrade, Serbia to investigate influence of different factors on biofilm formation, kinetics of biofilm formation for strong biofilm producers and effect of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX) on formed biofilm...
December 4, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314797/sodium-intake-and-dietary-sources-of-sodium-in-a-sample-of-undergraduate-students-from-novi-sad-serbia
#5
(no author information available yet)
Background/Aim: Data on sodium intake and sources of sodium in the diet in Serbia are limited. The aim of this study was to estimate the sodium intake and identify the sources of sodium in the diet of undergraduate students attending the University of Novi Sad. Methods: Students completed a questionnaire to gather data on their gender, age and university faculty attended, and then a 24 h dietary recall. The sodium intake of the students was calculated using the dietary recall data and data on the sodium content of foods...
July 2017: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306621/association-between-non-communicable-disease-multimorbidity-and-health-care-utilization-in-a-middle-income-country-population-based-study
#6
J Jankovic, M Mirkovic, A Jovic-Vranes, M Santric-Milicevic, Z Terzic-Supic
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to analyze possible inequalities by gender in the utilization of health services (general practitioner [GP] and hospital), among people with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in the Republic of Serbia, with special reference to multimorbidity. In addition, we examined the prevalence patterns of NCDs by sociodemographic characteristics of the population. STUDY DESIGN: This study is a population-based, cross-sectional survey. METHODS: A secondary analysis from the 2013 Serbian National Health Survey included 13,765 adults aged ≥20 years...
January 4, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299980/effects-of-atmospheric-pressure-dynamics-on-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-rupture-onset
#7
Dragan Opacic, Nikola Ilic, Milos Sladojevic, Patrick Schönleitner, Dragan Markovic, Dusan Kostic, Lazar Davidovic
BACKGROUND: The effect of atmospheric pressure (AP) on the onset of abdominal aorta aneurysm rupture (RAAA) remains an unanswered question. We have investigated the seasonal variation and the effect of AP dynamics on RAAA by analysing the largest series of intraoperatively confirmed RAAA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: To realize this study we have performed a retrospective analysis of 546 patients with RAAA, operated within 503 days at the Clinic for vascular and endovascular surgery CCS between 1...
January 4, 2018: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297859/trends-in-thyroid-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-in-central-serbia-1999-2014
#8
Miodrag Stojanović, Dijana Stojanović, Nataša Rančić, Aleksandra Ignjatović, Zorica Antic, Snezana Miljkovic, Tatjana Rajovic
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid cancer (TC) is the most common malignant disease of the endocrine system. The incidence of the TC has been increasing worldwide, especially in female population. However, mortality from TC is low in both males and females. The objective of the paper was to determine and to analyze incidence and mortality trends of TC in males and females in the central Serbia in the period 1999-2014. METHOD: In this descriptive study data from the Serbian Cancer Registry were used...
October 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288564/luteinizing-hormone-and-insulin-resistance-in-menopausal-patients-with-adrenal-incidentalomas-the-cause-effect-relationship
#9
Ljiljana V Marina, Miomira Ivović, Milina Tančić-Gajić, Zorana Arizanović, Dragana Raković, Jelena Milin-Lazović, Aleksandra Kendereški, Dragan Micić, Svetlana Vujović
OBJECTIVE: A high prevalence of insulin resistance (IR) has proven to manifest in patients with adrenal incidentalomas (AI). It has been demonstrated that an increase in IR is related to the size of tumourous masses; additionally, luteinizing hormone (LH) dependent adrenal pathologies are well documented in patients with LH responsive adrenal tumours occurring under conditions of physiologically elevated LH. We hypothesized that an association between LH and insulin might play a role in adrenal tumourigenesis and steroidogenesis...
December 30, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288324/spatial-distribution-and-temporal-variation-of-chemical-properties-of-drainage-watercourses-in-rural-and-peri-urban-areas-of-novi-sad-serbia-a-case-study
#10
Radovan Savic, Gabrijel Ondrasek, Bosko Blagojevic, Marina Bubalo Kovacic, Rados Zemunac
Waters are among to the most vulnerable environmental resources exposed to the impact of various point and non-point pollutants from rural/urban activities. Systematic and long-term monitoring of hydro-resources is therefore of crucial importance for sustainable water management, although such practice is lacking across many (agro-)hydro-ecosystems. In the presented study, for the first time, the spatial distribution (covering almost 9000 ha) and temporal variation (2006-2013) in certain quality parameters was characterized in drainage watercourses Tatarnica and Subic, whose catchment is rural and suburban areas close to the city of Novi Sad, Republic of Serbia...
December 29, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281897/the-general-factor-of-well-being-multinational-evidence-using-bifactor-esem-on-the-mental-health-continuum-short-form
#11
Ylenio Longo, Veljko Jovanović, Joana Sampaio de Carvalho, Dominika Karaś
The Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) is a widely used scale aimed at assessing three components of well-being: emotional, social, and psychological. The factor structure of the MHC-SF has been under debate over the past 10 years. The main goal of the present study was to examine the dimensionality of the MHC-SF. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA), bifactor CFA, exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM), and bifactor ESEM were used to evaluate competing models of the MHC-SF structure. The total sample consisted of 7,521 participants from four countries: The Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, and Serbia...
December 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279009/fusarium-toxins-in-corn-food-products-a-survey-of-the-serbian-retail-market
#12
Ljilja Torović
This paper presents data on the occurrence of Fusarium toxins - zearalenone, deoxynivalenol and fumonisins B1 and B2 - in corn flours and corn flakes marketed in Serbia. A total of 71 sample was collected over 2013-2016 and analysed using HPLC with UV or fluorescence detection. In case of corn flours, none of the samples taken in 2013 exhibited presence of ZEA or DON, whereas 90% were positive for FUMs. In 2015, occurence was very high: ZEA 93%, DON 86% and FUMs 100% (mean 43.3, 322.6 and 323.0 μg kg-1, respectively), with 21% of the samples exceeding the maximum level for ZEA and 7% for DON and FUMs...
December 26, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279001/patulin-in-fruit-juices-occurrence-bioaccessibility-and-risk-assessment-for-serbian-population
#13
Ljilja Torović, Nina Dimitrov, André Lopes, Carla Martins, Paula Alvito, Ricardo Assunção
This paper reports the first study of patulin occurrence in fruit juices and risk assessment related to patulin intake by children, adolescents and adults in Serbia. During three consecutive years (2013-2015), 142 fruit (apple or multi-fruit) juices were collected from the market and analysed using HPLC-UV. Patulin was found in 51.4% of juices with 0.7% of the samples in excess of the legal limit of 50 μg kg-1 (mean 4.3 μg kg-1). Apple juices showed significantly higher percentage of contaminated samples (74...
December 26, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247338/diverse-replication-associated-protein-encoding-circular-dna-viruses-in-guano-samples-of-central-eastern-european-bats
#14
Gábor Kemenesi, Kornélia Kurucz, Brigitta Zana, Fanni Földes, Péter Urbán, Anton Vlaschenko, Kseniia Kravchenko, Ivana Budinski, Farkas Szodoray-Parádi, Szilárd Bücs, Csaba Jére, István Csősz, Abigél Szodoray-Parádi, Péter Estók, Tamás Görföl, Sándor Boldogh, Ferenc Jakab
Circular replication-associated protein encoding single-stranded DNA (CRESS DNA) viruses are increasingly recognized worldwide in a variety of samples. Representative members include well-described veterinary pathogens with worldwide distribution, such as porcine circoviruses or beak and feather disease virus. In addition, numerous novel viruses belonging to the family Circoviridae with unverified pathogenic roles have been discovered in different human samples. Viruses of the family Genomoviridae have also been described as being highly abundant in different faecal and environmental samples, with case reports showing them to be suspected pathogens in human infections...
December 15, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239682/safety-and-immunogenicity-of-a-seasonal-trivalent-inactivated-split-influenza-vaccine-a-phase-i-randomized-clinical-trial-in-healthy-serbian-adults
#15
Goran Stevanovic, Lidija Lavadinovic, Svetlana Filipovic Vignjevic, Renée Holt, Katarina Ilic, Francesco Berlanda Scorza, Erin Sparrow, Vera Stoiljkovic, Guido Torelli, Tamra Madenwald, Muriel Socquet, Aleksandra Barac, Yordanka Ilieva-Borisova, Mijomir Pelemis, Jorge Flores
This study was a phase I double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of a Serbian-produced seasonal trivalent split, inactivated influenza vaccine in healthy adults. The vaccine was manufactured in eggs by the Torlak Institute of Virology, Vaccines and Sera, Belgrade, Serbia and contained A/H1N1, A/H3N2 and B viruses. The clinical trial took place at the Clinical Center of Serbia in Belgrade. Sixty healthy volunteers, aged 18-45 years, were enrolled in the trial...
December 14, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233202/thinness-in-young-schoolchildren-in-serbia-another-case-of-the-double-burden-of-malnutrition
#16
Visnja Djordjic, Jagoda Jorga, Snezana Radisavljevic, Ivana Milanovic, Predrag Bozic, Sergej M Ostojic
OBJECTIVE: Thinness is rarely highlighted or regularly monitored among children in developed countries although it may be rather frequent and pose a significant risk to children's health. We aimed to describe the prevalence of mild, moderate and severe thinness among young Serbian schoolchildren. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of schoolchildren aged 6-9 years. Children were assessed for weight, height and BMI as part of the WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative in Serbia...
December 13, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230308/subjective-well-being-among-young-people-in-five-eastern-european-countries
#17
M S C Lim, C Cappa, G C Patton
Background: Subjective well-being incorporates elements of life satisfaction, happiness and optimism. It is increasingly relevant in the assessment of population health and economic development. There are strong continuities in well-being from youth into later life. Despite its significance, few global surveys capture subjective well-being. This paper describes patterns of well-being among young people in five Eastern European countries [Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia and Ukraine] and investigates association between demographic factors and well-being...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228948/influence-of-pharmacological-education-on-perceptions-attitudes-and-use-of-dietary-supplements-by-medical-students
#18
Z Stanojević-Ristić, S Stević, J Rašić, D Valjarević, M Dejanović, A Valjarević
BACKGROUND: The ready availability and use of dietary supplements (DS) by the public means that healthcare professionals require education in this area. In the Republic of Serbia, education related to use of DS is included in undergraduate medical training and it is therefore important to assess the effectiveness of this education. The aim of our survey was to investigate the influence of pharmacological education on the use, attitudes and perceptions of risks associated with DS among medical students...
December 11, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223582/looking-for-relationship-between-the-populations-of-dothistroma-septosporum-in-northern-europe-and-asia
#19
Kalev Adamson, Martin S Mullett, Halvor Solheim, Irene Barnes, Michael M Müller, Jarkko Hantula, Martti Vuorinen, Audrius Kacergius, Svetlana Markovskaja, Dmitry L Musolin, Kateryna Davydenko, Nenad Keča, Karli Ligi, Rasa D Priedite, Hanna Millberg, Rein Drenkhan
Dothistroma septosporum, a notorious pine needle pathogen with an unknown historical geographic origin and poorly known distribution pathways, is nowadays found almost in all areas inhabited by pines (Pinus spp.). The main aim of this study was to determine the relationship between North European and East Asian populations. In total, 238 Eurasian D. septosporum isolates from 11 countries, including 211 isolates from northern Europe, 16 isolates from Russian Far East and 11 isolates from Bhutan were analysed using 11 species specific microsatellite and mating type markers...
December 6, 2017: Fungal Genetics and Biology: FG & B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217468/availability-of-hepatitis-c-diagnostics-and-therapeutics-in-european-and-eurasia-countries
#20
Hakan Leblebicioglu, Joop E Arends, Resat Ozaras, Giampaolo Corti, Lurdes Santos, Christoph Boesecke, Andrew Ustianowski, Ann-Sofi Duberg, Simona Ruta, Nermin N Salkic, Petr Husa, Ivana Lazarevic, Juan A Pineda, Natalia Yurievna Pshenichnaya, Tengiz Tsertswadze, Mojca Matičič, Edmond Puca, Gulzhan Abuova, Judit Gervain, Ramin Bayramli, Salih Ahmeti, Mairi Koulentaki, Badreddine Kilani, Adriana Vince, Francesco Negro, Mustafa Sunbul, Dominique Salmon
BACKGROUND: Treatment with direct acting antiviral agents (DAAs) has provided sustained virological response rates in >95% of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. However treatment is costly and market access, reimbursement and governmental restrictions differ among countries. We aimed to analyze these differences among European and Eurasian countries. METHODS: A survey including 20-item questionnaire was sent to experts in viral hepatitis...
December 4, 2017: Antiviral Research
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