keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Serbia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152315/a-pilot-survey-of-farm-animal-welfare-in-serbia-a-country-preparing-for-eu-accession
#1
Clare J Phythian, Siobhan Mullan, Andrew Butterworth, Sarah Lambton, Jelena Ilić, Jelena Burazerović, Elvir Burazerović, Katharine A Leach
The selection and field application of animal-based welfare measures for pigs, sheep, dairy cows and broilers was the first step towards the future development of welfare improvement schemes for Serbia - a country that is applying for EU accession. The aim of this pilot study was to: (1) test the feasibility of a protocol for monitoring farm animal welfare in Serbia, (2) ascertain preliminary data on animal-based outcomes of farm welfare and (3) gain insight into Serbian farmers' understanding of animal welfare as part of a wider project working towards inclusion of animal-based assessments in a 'higher welfare' voluntary assurance scheme...
November 2017: Veterinary Medicine and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149886/antibiotic-susceptibility-profiles-of-mycoplasma-synoviae-strains-originating-from-central-and-eastern-europe
#2
Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Dénes Grózner, Kinga M Sulyok, Kristin Nilsson, Veronika Hrivnák, Dušan Benčina, Miklós Gyuranecz
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma synoviae causes infectious synovitis and respiratory diseases in chickens and turkeys and may lead to egg shell apex abnormalities in chickens; hence possesses high economic impact on the poultry industry. Control of the disease consists of eradication, vaccination or medication. The aim of the present study was to determine the in vitro susceptibility to 14 different antibiotics and an antibiotic combination of M. synoviae strains originating from Hungary and other countries of Central and Eastern Europe...
November 17, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148896/prooxidant-antioxidant-balance-advanced-oxidation-protein-products-and-lipid-peroxidation-in-serbian-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Jadranka Miletić, Dunja Drakulić, Snežana Pejić, Marijana Petković, Tihomir V Ilić, Milica Miljković, Aleksandra Stefanović, Milica Prostran, Marina Stojanov
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers of oxidative stress are relevant in the evaluation of the disease status and prooxidant-antioxidant balance, advanced oxidation protein products and lipid peroxidation products (malondialdehyde and 4-hydroxynonenal) are being extensively evaluated regarding their relationship with clinical presentation and disease severity. The aim of study was to evaluate the levels of above mentioned parameters in plasma of 39 men and 17 women with Parkinson's disease, originated from the Republic of Serbia and their relation to clinicopathological characteristics (gender, age at examination, duration of the disease, and Hoehn and Yahr score) and oxidative status...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143237/john-henryism-gender-and-self-reported-health-among-roma-gypsies-in-serbia
#4
Jelena Čvorović, Sherman A James
We describe how self-reported health (SRH) varies with gender and John Henryism (a strong behavioral predisposition to engage in high-effort coping to overcome adversity) in a low income sample of Serbian Roma. Data were collected in 2016 in several Roma settlements around Belgrade, Serbia. The sample consisted of 90 men and 112 women. In addition to John Henryism (JH), measured by a Serbian version of the John Henryism Scale, demographic data and data on SRH and family relationships dynamics were collected...
November 15, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141808/what-should-a-person-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-know-focus-group-and-survey-data-of-a-risk-knowledge-questionnaire-rikno-2-0
#5
C Heesen, J Pöttgen, A C Rahn, K Liethmann, J Kasper, L Vahter, J Drulovic, A Van Nunen, D Wilkie, Y Beckmann, F Paul, S Köpke, A Giordano, A Solari
BACKGROUND: Risk knowledge is relevant to make informed decisions in multiple sclerosis (MS). The risk knowledge questionnaire for relapsing-remitting MS (RIKNO 1.0) was developed and piloted in Germany. OBJECTIVE: To produce a revised RIKNO 2.0 questionnaire using mixed methodology in a European setting. METHODS: The questionnaire was translated in seven languages. MS patient and health professional (HP) expert feedback was obtained from Germany, Italy, Estonia, Serbia, and the UK...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135906/effect-of-age-and-allele-variants-of-cyp3a5-cyp3a4-and-por-genes-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-cyclosporin-a-in-pediatric-renal-transplant-recipients-from-serbia
#6
Mirjana Cvetković, Maja Zivković, Maja Bundalo, Ivana Gojković, Brankica Spasojević-Dimitrijeva, Aleksandra Stanković, Mirjana Kostić
BACKGROUND: The interindividual variability of cyclosporin A (CsA) pharmacokinetics might be explained by heterogeneity in the cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) subfamily. Altered CYP3A enzyme activity was associated with variant allele of P450 oxidoreductase gene (POR*28). The aim of this study was to assess the impact of age, CYP3A5*3, CYP3A4*22, and POR*28 alleles on CsA pharmacokinetics in pediatric renal transplant recipients. METHODS: Renal transplant patients receiving CsA (n = 47) were genotyped for CYP3A5*3, CYP3A4*22, and POR*28...
December 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130577/factors-affecting-the-patency-of-arteriovenous-fistulas-for-hemodialysis-single-center-experience
#7
Radojica V Stolic, Goran Z Trajkovic, Mirjana M Kostic, Branko Mihailovic, Aleksandar N Jovanovic, Bratislav D Lazic, Ivana R Matijasević, Maša D Jaksić, Zlatica M Mirkovic, Tanja N Smilic, Javorka S Mitic
INTRODUCTION: Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are the preferred form vascular access for hemodialysis (HD), as they have a low rate of complications and durable function. The aim of our investigation was to analyze the factors that might influence the function of AVFs. METHODS: Data were taken from the computerized patient record system in the Clinic of Urology and Nephrology, Clinical Center, Kragujevac, Serbia, for a 2-year period. We analyzed patients who had requested re-creation of AVFs as a secondary procedure...
November 12, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129667/prevalence-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-in-the-mediterranean-region-of-europe
#8
Elena Scarpato, Sanja Kolacek, Danijela Jojkic-Pavkov, Vlatka Konjik, Nataša Živković, Enriqueta Roman, Aco Kostovski, Nikolina Zdraveska, Eyad Altamimi, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Thomai Karagiozoglou-Lampoudi, Raanan Shamir, Michal Rozenfeld Bar Lev, Aziz Koleilat, Sirin Mneimneh, Dario Bruzzese, Rosaura Leis, Annamaria Staiano, Panayota Kafritsa, Sandra Brusa, Angelo Campanozzi, Claudio Romano, Silvia Salvatore, Evelina Kotzakioulafi, Josefa Barrio, Maria Luz Cilleruelo, Mercedes Juste, Carolina Gutiérrez-Junquera, Tena Trbojević, Lana Ivković
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children from the Mediterranean area of Europe. We aimed to assess the prevalence of FGIDs in children and adolescents in this region. METHODS: We collected data on 13,750 children (4-18 years old) enrolled in the Mediterranean-European Area Project, a school-based health study performed in Croatia, Greece, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Macedonia, Serbia, and Spain...
November 9, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126022/the-impact-of-police-presence-on-angry-and-aggressive-driving
#9
Predrag Stanojević, Mark J M Sullman, Dragan Jovanović, Dragana Stanojević
An extensive body of research has found that angry and aggressive driving are both significantly related to crash involvement. There has also been a large body of research investigating the situational factors related to angry and aggressive driving, but one interesting question that has not yet been answered is whether the enforcement of traffic laws causes or reduces angry and aggressive driving. The independent region of Northern Kosovo represents a unique opportunity to investigate the impact of a lack of traffic enforcement on driving behaviour...
November 7, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120123/the-value-of-multidetector-computed-tomography-of-orbits-in-globe-protrusion-in-comparison-to-hertel-exophthalmometry
#10
Igor Đorić, Miloš Žarković, Zoran Radojičić, Nikola Repac, Aleksandar Janićijević, Krešimir Rotim, Goran Tasić, Lukas Rasulić
The use of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is an integral part of contemporary diagnostics of Graves‘ orbitopathy. The aim of this study was to assess proptosis measurement by MDCT and to compare it to the current standard, Hertel exophthalmometry. A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Clinical Centre of Serbia and included 91 patients (19 male and 72 female) with verified Graves‘ orbitopathy. Globe protrusion measured by MDCT (globe protrusion, GPR) was correlated to Hertel measured protrusion (HR)...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119216/concentrations-of-selected-elements-in-liver-tissue-of-grey-wolves-canis-lupus-from-serbia
#11
Srđan Subotić, Željka Višnjić-Jeftić, Aleksandra Penezić, Duško Ćirović
The grey wolf (Canis lupus) is a large carnivore species and a top predator in the ecosystems that it inhabits. Considering its role in food webs, wolves may be exposed to high concentrations of potentially harmful elements. Therefore liver samples from 28 legally hunted wolves were analyzed for concentrations of 16 elements using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. The Mann-Whitney U test showed a significant difference between the genders only for Li, and there were no differences between individuals caught in different years...
November 8, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117216/predictors-of-unmet-health-care-needs-in-serbia-analysis-based-on-eu-silc-data
#12
Natasa Popovic, Zorica Terzic-Supic, Snezana Simic, Biljana Mladenovic
Unmet health care needs have been designated as an indicator of equality in access to health care, which provides insight into specific barriers faced by respondents when they need medical services. The purpose of this research was to analyze demographic, socioeconomic, regional characteristics and perception of the health status; and identify predictors of unmet health care needs and consequently determine the size of inequalities in the availability, accessibility and acceptability of health care. The cross-sectional study obtained data from the Survey on Income and Living Conditions in the Republic of Serbia in 2014, based on a sample of 20,069 respondents over 16 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115996/serological-evidence-of-equine-arteritis-virus-infection-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-viral-isolates-in-semen-of-stallions-from-serbia
#13
Sava Lazić, Diana Lupulović, Delphine Gaudaire, Tamas Petrovic, Gospava Lazić, Aymeric Hans
BACKGROUND: Equine arteritis virus (EAV) is responsible for infections in equids. It can spread easily within the horse population and has a major impact on the horse breeding industry. No EAV outbreak has ever been reported in Serbia. To determine whether EAV is nonetheless circulating there, especially in the Vojvodina region, 340 horse serum samples were subjected to serology testing to detect EAV antibodies. In parallel, semen samples from three seropositive stallions were collected to evaluate their EAV status, using RT-qPCR and virus isolation on cell culture...
November 7, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113738/quantitative-pcr-assessment-of-lotmaria-passim-in-apis-mellifera-colonies-co-infected-naturally-with-nosema-ceranae
#14
Branislav Vejnovic, Jevrosima Stevanovic, Ryan S Schwarz, Nevenka Aleksic, Milorad Mirilovic, Nemanja M Jovanovic, Zoran Stanimirovic
A recently described trypanosomatid species Lotmaria passim and the microsporidium Nosema ceranae infect the honey bee (Apis mellifera), but the interspecific dynamic of these two common gut parasites is unknown. In this study, a real-time qPCR assay was developed to enable the specific detection and quantification of L. passim. The annual dynamics of N. ceranae and L. passim infections were evaluated in ten A. mellifera colonies naturally infected with both parasites at one apiary in Serbia from March 2016 to March 2017...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101609/assessment-of-ovarian-function-after-chemotherapy-in-women-with-early-and-locally-advanced-breast-cancer-from-serbia
#15
Emina Malisic, Snezana Susnjar, Jelena Milovanovic, Natasa Todorovic-Rakovic, Vesna Kesic
PURPOSE: Among harmful effects of chemotherapy is the reduction of ovarian function. The aim was to determine the serum levels of FSH, LH, estradiol and AMH after chemotherapy followed by endocrine therapy in breast cancer patients. METHODS: The study included 40 premenopausal hormone receptor-positive breast cancer patients aged 33-50 years. Anthracycline-based chemotherapy received 14/40 while anthracycline-taxane combination received 26/40 of patients, followed by tamoxifen (30/40) or tamoxifen plus goserelin (10/40)...
November 3, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099752/reproductive-investment-and-health-costs-in-roma-women
#16
Jelena Čvorović, Kathryn Coe
In this paper, we examine whether variation in reproductive investment affects the health of Roma women using a dataset collected through original anthropological fieldwork among Roma women in Serbia. Data were collected in 2014-2016 in several Roma semi-urban settlements in central Serbia. The sample consisted of 468 Roma women, averaging 44 years of age. We collected demographic data (age, school levels, socioeconomic status), risk behaviors (smoking and alcohol consumption), marital status, and reproductive history variables (the timing of reproduction, the intensity of reproduction, reproductive effort and investment after birth), in addition to self-reported health, height, and weight...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098542/nutrient-composition-of-three-mangulica-pork-cuts-from-serbia
#17
Dragica Nikolic, Sasa Jankovic, Nenad Parunovic, Vladimir Koricanac, Nikola Stanisic, Lato Pezo, Mila Lausevic
The purpose of this study was to analyze and evaluate the levels of essential elements (Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, and Se) and proximate composition (moisture, protein, fat, and ash) of three pork cuts (loin, hind leg, and shoulder) from free-range Mangulica pigs from Serbia. Essential elements were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Shoulder contained the highest levels of essential elements (Mn, 0.192 mg kg(-1); Fe, 19.550 mg kg(-1); Cu, 1.490 mg kg(-1); Zn, 44.470 mg kg(-1); and Se, 0...
November 2, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092735/potentially-inappropriate-prescribing-of-drugs-in-elderly-patients-on-chronic-hemodialysis-treatment%C3%A2
#18
Gorana Nedin Ranković, Slobodan M Janković, Radmila Veličković Radovanović, Zorica Jović, Gordana Pešić, Svetlana Pavlović, Branislava Ranković, Jasmina Ranković, Dragana Stokanović, Dane Krtinić
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of potentially inappropriate drug prescription (PIP) in older patients who were on chronic hemodialysis treatment and to explore the factors that lead to PIP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed at the Department of Nephrology, Clinical Center Niš, Serbia. It included patients who were 65 years old and older who suffered from the end-stage of kidney failure and were treated by hemodialysis...
October 26, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080501/spectroscopic-analysis-of-xiv-century-wall-paintings-from-patriarchate-of-pe%C3%A4-monastery-serbia
#19
M Marić-Stojanović, D Bajuk-Bogdanović, S Uskoković-Marković, I Holclajtner-Antunović
The Church of the Holy Mother of God Hodegetria in Peć is decorated with wall paintings that date from the beginning of the 14th century. In terms of style they correspond to Byzantine wall paintings from the epoch of Paleologos. The painting technique and pigment pallete has been examined on micro fragments in thin cross-sections by means of optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) and micro- Raman spectroscopy. Use of the fresco technique and two supporting plaster layers was noted on the majority of samples, while in large blue painted areas, a combination of fresco and secco techniques was used...
October 17, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072536/hepatitis-b-outbreak-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-autonomous-province-of-vojvodina-serbia
#20
Predrag Duric, Smiljana Rajcevic, Svetlana Ilic, Vesna Milosevic, Katharina Hintringer, Milotka Fabri, Maja Ruzic, Vladimir Petrovic, Mladen Petrovic, Gorana Dragovac, Biljana Radosavljevic, Ivana Lazarevic, Maja Stanojevic, Martin Rusnak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: LGBT Health
keyword
keyword
80968
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"