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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936680/use-of-honeybees-apis-mellifera-l-as-bioindicators-for-assessment-and-source-appointment-of-metal-pollution
#1
Nenad M Zarić, Konstantin Ilijević, Ljubiša Stanisavljević, Ivan Gržetić
The ability of honeybees to collect particulate matter (PM) on their bodies makes them outstanding bioindicators. In this study, two cities, Pančevo (PA) and Vršac (VS), South Banat district, Vojvodina, Serbia, were covered with two sampling sites each. The aims of this study were to determine concentrations of Al, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Na, Ni, Sr, and Zn in the bodies of honeybees during July and September of 2013, 2014, and 2015 and to analyze their spatial and temporal variations and sources of analyzed elements, as well as to assess pollution levels in the two cities...
September 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926634/nasal-and-pharyngeal-carriage-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-sciuri-among-hospitalised-patients-and-healthcare-workers-in-a-serbian-university-hospital
#2
Ivana Cirkovic, Jasmina Trajkovic, Tomasz Hauschild, Paal Skytt Andersen, Adebayo Shittu, Anders Rhod Larsen
There has been a paucity of data on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus sciuri (MRSS) epidemiology in European healthcare settings. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of nasal and pharyngeal carriage and diversity of MRSS among inpatients and healthcare workers (HCWs) in the largest healthcare centre in Serbia, and to assess performance of different methods for MRSS screening. Nasal and pharyngeal swabs were obtained from 195 patients and 105 HCWs in different departments. Each swab was inoculated directly onto MRSA-ID, oxacillin-resistance screening agar and mannitol salt agar (MSA) with 2 mg/L of oxacillin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921305/allocation-of-metals-and-trace-elements-in-different-tissues-of-piscivorous-species-phalacrocorax-carbo
#3
Hribšek Irena, Jovičić Katarina, Karadžić Branko, Skorić Stefan
Great cormorants (Phalacrocorax carbo) are piscivorous birds, and as apex predators they accumulate high levels of contaminants from the aquatic ecosystems. In the present study, we analyzed distribution of Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sr, and Zn in ten tissues (muscle, liver, kidney, spleen, gizzard, heart, skin, lard, breast feathers, and remiges) of the Great cormorants in the Marin Sprud locality, the Danube River, Serbia. Concentrations of elements in tissues were assessed by using inductively coupled plasma optical spectrometry...
September 18, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920804/trichinella-infections-in-red-foxes-vulpes-vulpes-and-golden-jackals-canis-aureus-in-six-districts-of-serbia
#4
Marko Dmitric, Dejan Vidanovic, Nikola Vaskovic, Kazimir Matovic, Milanko Sekler, Zoran Debeljak, Nedjeljko Karabasil
Wild animals, including red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and golden jackals (Canis aureus), are the most important reservoirs of Trichinella spp. Although the red fox is considered one of the main reservoirs of Trichinella spp. in Europe, only a few animals have been examined in Serbia. The present study assessed Trichinella spp. infection in red foxes and golden jackals from the six districts in Serbia. Thirty-seven carcasses of red foxes and 13 carcasses of golden jackals shot during the official hunting season were examined...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919678/cortisol-concentration-pain-and-sedation-scale-in-free-roaming-dogs-treated-with-carprofen-after-ovariohysterectomy
#5
Katarina Nenadović, Marijana Vučinić, Brana Radenković-Damnjanović, Ljiljana Janković, Radislava Teodorović, Eva Voslarova, Zsolt Becskei
BACKGROUND AND AIM: One of the topic issues in animal welfare activities is the free roaming dog welfare especially in developing countries such as Serbia. The way of controlling population of free roaming dogs is their reproduction with the method of "Catch-Neuter-Release." This complex process consists of capturing free roaming dogs in public areas, sterilizing, and returning them to the public area from which they were temporarily removed. Ovariohysterectomy present the period with a high intensity of stress reaction since many veterinarians in Serbia do not use analgesia for this group of dogs...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914326/negative-attitudes-related-to-violence-against-women-gender-and-ethnic-differences-among-youth-living-in-serbia
#6
Bosiljka Djikanovic, Željka Stamenkovic, Vesna Bjegovic Mikanovic, Dejana Vukovic, Vladimir S Gordeev, Natasa Maksimovic
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify to what extent negative attitudes towards intimate partner violence against women are present among young women and men living in Serbia, in Roma and non-Roma settlements. METHODS: We used the data from the 2010 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey conducted in Serbia, for the respondents who were 15-24 years old. Regression analyses were used to examine the association between judgmental attitudes, socio-demographic factors and life satisfaction...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913333/utilization-of-parenteral-morphine-by-application-of-atc-ddd-methodology-retrospective-study-in-the-referral-teaching-hospital
#7
Viktorija Dragojevic-Simic, Nemanja Rancic, Dusica Stamenkovic, Radoje Simic
BACKGROUND: Few studies analyzed the pattern of opioid analgesic utilization in hospital settings. The aim of this study was to determine the consumption pattern of parenteral morphine in patients hospitalized in the Serbian referral teaching hospital and to correlate it with utilization at the national and international level. METHODS: In retrospective study, the required data were extracted from medical records of surgical patients who received parenteral morphine in the 5-year period, from 2011 to 2015...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902528/serbian-medical-students-fertility-awareness-and-attitudes-towards-future-parenthood
#8
Isidora Vujčić, Tijana Radičević, Eleonora Dubljanin, Nataša Maksimović, Sandra Grujičić
OBJECTIVES: Medical students represent a group particularly at risk of involuntary childlessness due to their highly demanding careers and university curriculum. The aim of this study was to investigate Serbian medical students' attitudes towards future parenthood and their awareness of fertility issues. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among fourth year students at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia, between 12 and 16 December 2016...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894731/prevalence-of-genotypes-that-determine-resistance-of-staphylococci-to-macrolides-and-lincosamides-in-serbia
#9
Milena Mišić, Jelena Čukić, Dejan Vidanović, Milanko Šekler, Sanja Matić, Mihailo Vukašinović, Dejan Baskić
Macrolides, lincosamides, and streptogramins (MLS) resistance genes are responsible for resistance to these antibiotics in Staphylococcus infections. The purpose of the study was to analyze the distribution of the MLS resistance genes in community- and hospital-acquired Staphylococcus isolates. The MLS resistance phenotypes [constitutive resistance to macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B (cMLSb), inducible resistance to macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B (iMLSb), resistance to macrolide/macrolide-streptogramin B (M/MSb), and resistance to lincosamide-streptogramin A/streptogramin B (LSa/b)] were determined by double-disc diffusion method...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881281/improvement-of-early-functional-outcomes-in-hospitalized-geriatric-patients-after-hip-surgery
#10
Dobrivoje Martinov, Ivana Berkovic, Vladimir Brtka, Tatjana Stojkovic-Jovanovic, Visnja Ognjenovic
Computer supported clinical practice has great potential to improve process performance and care outcomes. However, further research is needed to evaluate the efficiency of Health Information Technology (HIT) across the various clinical settings. This study focuses on the status of the patient as determined by various potential predicting factors for functional recovery during hospitalization after hip surgery. We assess the relations among patient's characteristics, (co)morbidities, surgical procedures, hospital courses and modified Salvati-Wilson's (SW) score on discharge...
December 21, 2016: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877775/legal-advocacy-as-a-tool-to-advance-roma-health
#11
Tamar Ezer, Alphia Abdikeeva, Martin McKee
Roma in central Europe face many violations of their rights, including those that impede their access to high-quality health care. Legal frameworks have the potential to address these violations, whereas legal advocacy services offer a means for enforcement of rights. We undertook key informant interviews with Roma civil society organisations and selected knowledgeable individuals in Macedonia, Romania and Serbia to identify lessons from the development of these services. Achievements were reported in four areas...
September 7, 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872720/laboratory-based-investigation-of-denture-sonication-method-in-patients-with-candida-associated-denture-stomatitis
#12
Mirjana Perić, Milena Radunović, Marina Pekmezović, Jelena Marinković, Rade Živković, Valentina Arsić Arsenijević
PURPOSE: Denture stomatitis (DS) is a disease characterized by inflammation and erythema of the oral mucosa areas covered by the denture. Multifactorial etiological factors contribute to DS, but it seems that Candida plays the key role. The aim of the study was to evaluate the denture sonication method to: (i) increase the possibility of diagnosing patients with Candida-associated DS; (ii) detect and identify the mixed Candida spp., and (iii) determine the Candida colony forming units (CFU) and its possible relationship with DS severity, based on Newton's classification...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872706/candida-bloodstream-infections-in-serbia-first-multi-center-report-of-a-national-prospective-observational-survey-in-intensive-care-units
#13
Valentina Arsić Arsenijević, Suzana Otašević, Dragana Janić, Predrag Minić, Jovan Matijašević, Deana Medić, Ivanka Savić, Snežana Delić, Suzana Laban Nestorović, Zorica Vasiljević, Mirjana Hadnadjev
Candida bloodstream infections (BSI) are a significant cause of mortality in intensive care units (ICU), hereof the prospective twelve-months (2014-2015) hospital and laboratory-based survey was performed at the Serbian National Reference Medical Mycology Laboratory (NRMML). Candida identification was done by a matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry and a susceptibility test, according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute methodology. Among 9 centers (265 beds; 10...
September 5, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869853/association-of-smoking-status-with-substance-use-and-psychological-distress-in-serbia
#14
B Kilibarda, V Mravcik, H Oechsler, M S Martens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869702/the-prevalence-and-preventability-of-potentially-relevant-drug-drug-interactions-in-patients-admitted-for-cardiovascular-diseases-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Milena Kovačević, Sandra Vezmar Kovačević, Branislava Miljković, Slavica Radovanović, Predrag Stevanović
AIM: The aim was to describe the type and prevalence of potentially relevant drug-drug interactions (pDDIs) in a population of patients admitted for cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and management strategies for reducing the occurrence of pDDIs. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed on Cardiology ward of University Clinical Hospital Center in Belgrade, Serbia. A total of 527 patients, with more than one prescription during hospital stay, were enrolled in this study...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868569/genetic-analysis-of-12-x-str-loci-in-the-serbian-population-from-vojvodina-province
#16
Igor Veselinović, Dušan Vapa, Mihajla Djan, Nevena Veličković, Tanja Veljović, Galina Petrić
The analysis of 12 X-STR loci included in the Investigator® Argus X-12 kit was performed on a sample of 325 unrelated persons from Vojvodina Province, Republic of Serbia. No significant differences were observed in the allele frequencies in males and females. Heterozygosity values among the studied loci ranged from 67.62 to 94.28%. All loci in female individuals were consistent with the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium test. The combined power of discrimination values in male and female individuals was 0.9999999994 and 0...
September 3, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867403/optimization-of-the-monitoring-of-landfill-gas-and-leachate-in-closed-methanogenic-landfills
#17
Dejan Jovanov, Bogdana Vujić, Goran Vujić
Monitoring of the gas and leachate parameters in a closed landfill is a long-term activity defined by national legislative worldwide. Serbian Waste Disposal Law defines the monitoring of a landfill at least 30 years after its closing, but the definition of the monitoring extent (number and type of parameters) is incomplete. In order to define and clear all the uncertainties, this research focuses on process of monitoring optimization, using the closed landfill in Zrenjanin, Serbia, as the experimental model...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860246/complete-genome-sequence-of-lumpy-skin-disease-virus-isolate-serbia-bujanovac-2016-detected-during-an-outbreak-in-the-balkan-area
#18
Ivan Toplak, Tamaš Petrović, Dejan Vidanović, Sava Lazić, Milanko Šekler, Marija Manić, Miloš Petrović, Urška Kuhar
The lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) isolate SERBIA/Bujanovac/2016 consists of 150,661 nucleotides and has a 99.95% nucleotide identity with the Neethling Warmbaths LW strain isolated in South Africa in 1999. This is the first complete LSDV genome determined in Serbia and also in the Balkan area.
August 31, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858631/near-falls-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-circumstances-contributing-factors-and-association-with-falling
#19
Tatjana Gazibara, Darija Kisic Tepavcevic, Marina Svetel, Aleksandra Tomic, Iva Stankovic, Vladimir S Kostic, Tatjana Pekmezovic
OBJECTIVES: To describe circumstances of near-falls among persons with Parkinson's disease (PD), assess factors associated with near-falling and assess whether near-falls in the first 6 months are associated with falling in the latter 6 months over one year of follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the period August 2011-December 2012, 120 consecutive persons with PD, who denied having fallen in the past 6 months, were recruited at Clinical center of Serbia in Belgrade...
October 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857314/factors-influencing-time-to-seeking-medical-advice-and-onset-of-treatment-in-women-who-are-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer-in-serbia
#20
Lj Stamatovic, S Vasovic, J Trifunovic, N Boskov, Z Gajic, A Parezanovic, M Icevic, A Cirkovic, N Milic
OBJECTIVE: Streamlining the diagnosis is a key factor in improving the treatment outcomes for breast cancer. The aim of this study was to determine factors influencing time to seeking medical advice and treatment onset in women who are diagnosed with breast cancer in Serbia. METHODS: The study was a multicenter, cross-sectional national survey, performed at ten oncology centers in Serbia. Time intervals spent throughout the complex diagnostic pathway were evaluated using a validated questionnaire administered to women with breast cancer (n=800)...
August 31, 2017: Psycho-oncology
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