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Vladica Stevanović, Ljiljana Gulan, Biljana Milenković, Aleksandar Valjarević, Tijana Zeremski, Ivana Penjišević
Activity levels of natural and artificial radionuclides and content of ten heavy metals (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, Zn and Hg) were investigated in 41 soil samples collected from Toplica region located in the south part of Serbia. Radioactivity was determined by gamma spectrometry using HPGe detector. The obtained mean activity concentrations ± standard deviations of radionuclides226 Ra,232 Th,40 K and137 Cs were 29.9 ± 9.4, 36.6 ± 11.5, 492 ± 181 and 13.4 ± 18.7 Bq kg-1 , respectively...
March 13, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Tatjana M Pavlica, Rada S Rakić, Verica S Krstić, Biljana Đ Srdić-Galić
BACKGROUND: Different populations show variation in the pattern of change in craniofacial dimensions over time. Earlier studies of craniofacial traits in the Republic of Serbia were carried out without any particular reference to secular changes. AIM: The aim of the study is to determine possible changes in craniofacial dimensions among the adult population of Vojvodina (Serbia) during 33 year period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The findings of the study are based on the comparison of data from two cross-sectional surveys...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Michèle Twomey, Ana Šijački, Gert Krummrey, Tyson Welzel, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos, Marko Ercegovac
Emergency center visits are mostly unscheduled, undifferentiated, and unpredictable. A standardized triage process is an opportunity to obtain real-time data that paints a picture of the variation in acuity found in emergency centers. This is particularly pertinent as the influx of people seeking asylum or in transit mostly present with emergency care needs or first seek help at an emergency center. Triage not only reduces the risk of missing or losing a patient that may be deteriorating in the waiting room but also enables a time-critical response in the emergency care service provision...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Dragana Milutinović, Robert Lovrić, Dragana Simin
BACKGROUND: There is an implicit expectation for medical sciences students to work together effectively as members of health-care team, and interprofessional education is therefore widely accepted. Students' attitudes, which are affected by various factors, have been recognized as the most important predictors of successful implementation of interprofessional education with the aim of developing collaborative practice. The Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale has often been used in studies to measure these perspectives...
March 8, 2018: Nurse Education Today
G N Cagatay, A Antos, D Meyer, C Maistrelli, O Keuling, P Becher, A Postel
The recently identified atypical porcine pestivirus (APPV) was demonstrated to be the causative agent of the neurological disorder "congenital tremor" in newborn piglets. Despite its relevance and wide distribution in domestic pigs, so far nothing is known about the situation in wild boar, representing an important wild animal reservoir for the related classical swine fever virus. In this study, 456 wild boar serum samples obtained from northern Germany were investigated for the presence of APPV genomes and virus-specific antibodies...
March 12, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Maja Poznanović Spahić, Sanja Sakan, Željko Cvetković, Pavle Tančić, Jelena Trifković, Zoran Nikić, Dragan Manojlović
Content of potentially toxic elements was examined in soils from Srem (Vojvodina), to evaluate industrial facilities as pollution sources. Based on the distribution of the elements, the results of sequential extraction, enrichment factor (EF), ecological risk factor (Er), ecological risk index (RI), and statistical analysis, the current ecological status of the soils was determined. Elements in soils around the industrial facilities can be grouped into the five significant components derived by the principal component analysis (PCA), which explains 78...
March 10, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Kazimir Matović, Jelena Ćirić, Vesna Kaljević, Nebojša Nedić, Goran Jevtić, Nikola Vasković, Milan Ž Baltić
Honey is a natural substance produced by honey bees (the genus Apis) enjoyed by people due to its unique nutritional and medicinal properties. The aim of this study was to determine the physicochemical parameters (moisture, ash, water-insoluble content, reducing sugars, sucrose, free acidity, diastase activity, hydroxymethylfurfural, and electrical conductivity) and microbiological status (total number of aerobic mesophilic bacteria, total number of sulfite-reducing clostridia, the presence of Salmonella spp...
March 9, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Vladislava T Djurasinović, Biljana S Mihaljević, Sandra B Šipetić Grujičić, Svetlana D Ignjatović, Goran Trajković, Milena R Todorović-Balint, Darko A Antić, Jelena S Bila, Boško M Andjelić, Jelena J Jeličić, Vojin M Vuković, Aleksandra M Nikolic, Stanislaw Klek
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D has a role in cellular differentiation, proliferation, apoptosis, and angiogenesis and therefore is studied as a prognostic factor in cancer. The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence and significance of 25(OH)D deficiency in patients with lymphoid malignancies. METHODOLOGY: Between January 2014 and June 2016 at the Clinic for Hematology, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, the pretreatment serum level of 25(OH)D was determined in 133 (62 women/71 men, median age 58 (18-84) years) previously untreated patients with lymphoid malignancy using a chemiluminescent immunoassay...
March 6, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Snežana Medić, Michalis Katsilieris, Zagorka Lozanov-Crvenković, Constantinos I Siettos, Vladimir Petrović, Vesna Milošević, Snežana Brkić, Nick Andrews, Milan Ubavić, Cleo Anastassopoulou
This study aimed at establishing baseline key epidemiological parameters for varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection in Vojvodina, Serbia, with the ultimate goal to quantify the VZV transmission potential in the population. Seroprevalence data generated during the first large cross-sectional VZV serosurvey were modelled, using a two-tiered modelling approach to calculate age-specific forces of infection (FOI), the basic reproduction number (R0) and herd immunity threshold (H). Seroprevalence and modelling data were compared with corresponding pre-vaccination epidemiological parameters from 11 countries participating in the European Sero-Epidemiology Network 2 (ESEN2) project...
2018: PloS One
Jelena Ćulibrk, Milan Delić, Slavica Mitrović, Dubravko Ćulibrk
We conducted an empirical study aimed at identifying and quantifying the relationship between work characteristics, organizational commitment, job satisfaction, job involvement and organizational policies and procedures in the transition economy of Serbia, South Eastern Europe. The study, which included 566 persons, employed by 8 companies, revealed that existing models of work motivation need to be adapted to fit the empirical data, resulting in a revised research model elaborated in the paper. In the proposed model, job involvement partially mediates the effect of job satisfaction on organizational commitment...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Dragana Ranđelović, Ksenija Jakovljević, Nevena Mihailović, Slobodan Jovanović
Heavy metal accumulation is recognized as a very important global pollution problem in the last decades. Plant species have been recognized as natural bioindicators of environmental pollution, especially the amount of heavy metals in soils. Moreover, only a limited number of plant species can survive in highly contaminated soils. It is also known that metal accumulation can vary greatly among different populations of the same species. This study examines the chemical composition and accumulation potential of the expansive clonal grass Calamagrostis epigejos at five localities exposed to different levels of anthropogenic pressure...
March 2, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Marija Kalaba, Jovan Kosutic, Brian Godman, Vesela Radonjic, Ana Vujic, Slobodan Jankovic, Dragana Srebro, Zlatko Kalaba, Radan Stojanovic, Milica Prostran
AIM: Antimicrobial resistance and inappropriate use of antibiotics in children are important issues. Consequently, there is a need to develop comprehensive stewardship programs even in hospitals with limited resources starting with children's hospitals. METHODS: Retrospective observational analysis of antimicrobial utilization and resistance patterns over 5 years in a tertiary care children's hospital in Serbia. RESULTS: Cumulative antimicrobial resistance decreased but was still high, with high cumulative resistance rates among the most widely used antibiotics in the hospital...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
Ivana Burazor, Sarit Aviel-Ronen, Massimo Imazio, Orly Goitein, Marina Perelman, Natalia Shelestovich, Ninoslav Radovanovic, Vladimir Kanjuh, Iris Barshack, Yehuda Adler
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the prevalence of metastatic tumors involving the myocardium and study their presentation in order to increase awareness to their existence. METHODS: Pathological reports from Sheba Medical Center (Israel, January 1, 2010 through December 31, 2015) and medical records from The Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases of Vojvodina, Sremska Kamenica (Serbia, 23 years period) were screened for cases of metastatic cardiac tumors. Medical, radiological and pathological data of identified cases was retrieved and reviewed...
February 20, 2018: BMC Cancer
Predrag Duric, Karin Diaconu, Fiona O'May, Jan Rybovic, Mark Stevenson
Work-related injuries occurring during informal work often go unreported, yet lead to significant mortality and contribute substantially to disease burden due to injury-related disability. In Serbia, injury is a leading cause of death, with work-related injuries comprising a significant proportion. This study explored the frequency of and risk factors for these injuries in a rural Serbian community. During the 12-month study period, physicians from a municipal Primary Care Centre reported all presenting injuries using a specific injury report form...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
Zoran Pavlovic, Ivanka Miletic, Milica Zekovic, Marina Nikolic, Maria Glibetic
Research conducted during the 1980s demonstrated Se deficiency in humans. Increased inclusion of selenium in animal feeds started from the year 2000 onwards. The aim of this study was to estimate the effects of selenium inclusion in animal feeds on human selenium status and dietary habits of the Serbian population related to food of animal origin. Plasma selenium concentration in healthy adult volunteers, including residents of one of the regions with the lowest (Eastern Serbia, n = 60) and of one of the regions with the highest Se serum levels reported in the past (Belgrade, n = 82), was determined by hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry...
February 16, 2018: Nutrients
Jelica Bjekić-Macut, Teodora Beljić Živković, Radivoj Kocić
INTRODUCTION: Basal insulin analogues offer persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) adequate glycemic control combined with a favorable safety profile. BASAL-BALI-a prospective, noninterventional, multicenter disease registry-assessed the effectiveness and safety of basal insulin analogues in adult Serbians with T2DM previously inadequately controlled on other insulin types. METHODS: The primary objective was to assess the reduction in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c ) from basal insulin analogue initiation to the end of a 6-month observation period...
February 19, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
Miloš Dubovina, Dejan Krčmar, Nenad Grba, Malcolm A Watson, Dunja Rađenović, Dragana Tomašević-Pilipović, Božo Dalmacija
This research is designed to determine the level and types of pollution in the highly contaminated sediments of the international Begej canal in Timiş district, Romania and north-eastern Serbia. The cross-border canal stretch investigated is currently not navigable, but represents an important waterway between the Danube River in Serbia and the city of Timisoara. Surface sediments were monitored annually from 2008 to 2016 at 36 representative sampling locations, with a wide range of analyses, including eight heavy metals of long-term monitoring concern (Ni, Zn, Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, As and Hg) and the 16 USEPA PAHs...
February 16, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Božidar Rašković, Vesna Poleksić, Stefan Skorić, Katarina Jovičić, Slađana Spasić, Aleksandar Hegediš, Nebojša Vasić, Mirjana Lenhardt
Chub (Squalius cephalus) specimens were collected in Korenita River seven months after spillover from the waste water of antimony mine tailing pond and compared with chub living in Kruščica reservoir (intended for water supply) and Međuvršje reservoir (influenced by intense emission of industrial, urban and rural wastewater). Concentrations of 15 elements (Al, As, B, Ba, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Si, Sr, Zn) were determined in muscle, liver and gills of chub by inductively coupled plasma optical spectrometry (ICP-OES) and histopathological alterations in liver and gills were assessed...
February 14, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Marko Vladisavljević, Vladimir Mentus
In this article, we examine the structure of the subjective well-being and its relation to objective well-being indicators using the data from the European Union's Survey on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) from Serbia. This is one of the first papers to analyze a new module on subjective well-being from EU-SILC micro-dataset (with over 20,000 respondents). We investigate the factor structure of the items and the differences in the association of subjective well-being dimensions with objective indicators of well-being within the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Better Life Initiative framework...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
Maja Živković, Ivana Kolić, Snežana Jesić, Ana Jotić, Aleksandra Stanković
Objectives: Chronic otitis media (COM) is followed by irreversible tissue damage and destruction of the middle ear structures, with the possibility of complications under the maintenance of inflammation. Inflammatory mediators such as cytokines play a crucial role in the initial stage of inflammation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of the polymorphisms in two innate immunity/inflammation cascade genes from interleukin-1 (IL-1) gene cluster with COM with regard to cholesteatoma...
February 14, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
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