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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330618/oleic-acid-chlorohydrin-a-new-early-biomarker-for-the-prediction-of-acute-pancreatitis-severity-in-humans
#1
Enrique de-Madaria, Xavier Molero, Laia Bonjoch, Josefina Casas, Karina Cárdenas-Jaén, Andrea Montenegro, Daniel Closa
BACKGROUND: The early prediction of the severity of acute pancreatitis still represents a challenge for clinicians. Experimental studies have revealed the generation of specific halogenated lipids, in particular oleic acid chlorohydrin, in the early stages of acute pancreatitis. We hypothesized that the levels of circulating oleic acid chlorohydrin might be a useful early prognostic biomarker in acute pancreatitis in humans. METHODS: In a prospective, multicenter cohort study, plasma samples collected within 24 h after presentation in the emergency room from 59 patients with acute pancreatitis and from 9 healthy subjects were assessed for oleic acid chlorohydrin levels...
January 9, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329523/early-commitment-of-cardiovascular-autonomic-modulation-in-brazilian-patients-with-congenital-generalized-lipodystrophy
#2
Clarisse Mourão Melo Ponte, Virgínia Oliveira Fernandes, Maria Helane Costa Gurgel, Izabella Tamira Galdino Farias Vasconcelos, Lia Beatriz de Azevedo Souza Karbage, Christiane Bezerra Rocha Liberato, Carlos Antônio Negrato, Marília de Brito Gomes, Ana Paula Dias Rangel Montenegro, Renan Magalhães Montenegro Júnior
BACKGROUND: Metabolic abnormalities in congenital generalized lipodystrophy (CGL) are associated with microvascular complications. However, the evaluation of different types of neuropathy in these patients, including the commitment of cardiovascular autonomic modulation, is scarce. The objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) in patients with CGL compared with individuals with type 1 diabetes and healthy subjects. METHODS: Ten patients with CGL, 20 patients with type 1 diabetes and 20 healthy subjects were included in the study...
January 12, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324967/theoretical-saturation-in-qualitative-research-an-experience-report-in-interview-with-schoolchildren
#3
Luciana de Cassia Nunes Nascimento, Tania Vignuda de Souza, Isabel Cristina Dos Santos Oliveira, Juliana Rezende Montenegro Medeiros de Moraes, Rosane Cordeiro Burla de Aguiar, Liliane Faria da Silva
OBJECTIVE: report the experience of applying the theoretical data saturation technique in qualitative research with schoolchildren. METHOD: critical reading of primary sources and compilation of raw data, followed by thematic grouping through colorimetric codification and allocation of themes/types of statements in charts to find theoretical saturation for each grouping. RESULTS: colorimetric codification occurred according to previously established themes: bodily hydration; physical activities and play; handling of sickle-cell disease; feeding and clothing...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316155/antifeedant-effect-of-polygodial-and-drimenol-derivatives-against-spodoptera-frugiperda-and-epilachna-paenulata-and-quantitative-structure-activity-analysis
#4
Iván J Montenegro, Soledad Del Corral, Georgina N Diaz Napal, María C Carpinella, Marco Mellado, Alejandro M Madrid, Joan Villena, Sara M Palacios, Mauricio A Cuellar
BACKGROUND: The antifeedant activity of 18 sesquiterpenoids of the drimane family (polygodial, drimenol and derivatives) was investigated. The results of this study against two insect species, Spodoptera frugiperda and Epilachna paenulata showed that polygodial, drimanic and nordrimanic derivatives exert antifeedant effects in these pests of agronomic interest indicating that they have potential as a biopesticide agent. RESULTS: Among the 18 compounds tested, the epoxynordrimane compound (11) and isonordrimenone (4) showed itself the highest activity (EC50 = 23...
January 8, 2018: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314094/empowering-the-poor-a-field-study-of-the-social-psychological-consequences-of-receiving-autonomy-or-dependency-aid-in-panama
#5
Katherina Alvarez, Esther van Leeuwen, Esteban Montenegro-Montenegro, Mark van Vugt
This field study investigated the consequences of receiving poverty aid through conditional transfer programmes in the form of autonomy-oriented help (i.e., cash) or dependency-oriented help (i.e., vouchers) in impoverished rural communities in Panama. The empowering effects of autonomy- (vs. dependency-) help have so far only been studied in laboratory settings, or in settings where help could easily be refused. Little is known about the reactions of people who rely on help for extended periods of time. This study provides insights into how aid recipients are influenced by the type of aid they receive...
January 4, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311714/aeromagnetic-anomalies-reveal-the-link-between-magmatism-and-tectonics-during-the-early-formation-of-the-canary-islands
#6
Isabel Blanco-Montenegro, Fuensanta G Montesinos, José Arnoso
The 3-D inverse modelling of a magnetic anomaly measured over the NW submarine edifice of the volcanic island of Gran Canaria revealed a large, reversely-magnetized, elongated structure following an ENE-WSW direction, which we interpreted as a sill-like magmatic intrusion emplaced during the submarine growth of this volcanic island, with a volume that could represent up to about 20% of the whole island. The elongated shape of this body suggests the existence of a major crustal fracture in the central part of the Canary Archipelago which would have favoured the rapid ascent and emplacement of magmas during a time span from 0...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250519/evaluating-the-surveillance-system-for-spotted-fever-in-brazil-using-machine-learning-techniques
#7
Diego Montenegro Lopez, Flávio Luis de Mello, Cristina Maria Giordano Dias, Paula Almeida, Milton Araújo, Monica Avelar Magalhães, Gilberto Salles Gazeta, Reginaldo Peçanha Brasil
This work analyses the performance of the Brazilian spotted fever (SF) surveillance system in diagnosing and confirming suspected cases in the state of Rio de Janeiro (RJ), from 2007 to 2016 (July) using machine-learning techniques. Of the 890 cases reported to the Disease Notification Information System (SINAN), 11.7% were confirmed as SF, 2.9% as dengue, 1.6% as leptospirosis, and 0.7% as tick bite allergy, with the remainder being diagnosed as other categories (10.5%) or unspecified (72.7%). This study confirms the existence of obstacles in the diagnostic classification of suspected cases of SF by clinical signs and symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235618/-direct-current-electrical-stimulation-in-the-treatment-of-aphasia
#8
REVIEW
I R Montenegro, J A Alvarez-Montesinos, A J Estudillo, J Garcia-Orza
INTRODUCTION: Ictus is a medical condition with a high prevalence in Spanish population. One of its most common consequences is aphasia. Nowadays, aphasia is treated with both neuropsychological and pharmacological therapy. However, in recent years, transcranial direct current stimulation has been presented as a complement to classical therapies. AIMS: To familiarize the reader with transcranial direct current stimulation and to critically review the evidence on the benefits of this technique in aphasia rehabilitation...
December 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232856/resveratrol-loaded-lipid-nanocarriers-correlation-between-in-vitro-occlusion-factor-and-in-vivo-skin-hydrating-effect
#9
Lucia Montenegro, Carmela Parenti, Rita Turnaturi, Lorella Pasquinucci
Lipid nanocarriers show occlusive properties that may be related to their ability to improve skin hydration. The aim of this work was to evaluate the relationship between in vitro occlusion factor and in vivo skin hydration for three types of lipid nanocarriers: nanoemulsions (NEs), solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) and nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs). These lipid nanocarriers were loaded with trans-resveratrol (RSV) and incorporated in gel vehicles. In vitro occlusion factor was in the order SLNs > NLCs > NEs...
December 10, 2017: Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218411/effect-of-clinical-information-and-previous-exam-execution-on-observer-agreement-and-reliability-in-the-analysis-of-hysteroscopic-video-recordings
#10
Margarida Suzel Lopes Martinho, Cristina Maria Nogueira da Costa Santos, João Luís Mendonça Silva Carvalho, João Francisco Montenegro Andrade Lima Bernardes
INTRODUCTION: Inter-observer agreement and reliability in hysteroscopic image assessment remain uncertain and the type of factors that may influence it has only been studied in relation to the experience of hysteroscopists. We aim to assess the effect of clinical information and previous exam execution on observer agreement and reliability in the analysis of hysteroscopic video-recordings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety hysteroscopies were video-recorded and randomized into a group without (Group 1) and with clinical information (Group 2)...
December 7, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218029/microvascular-complications-in-type-1-diabetes-a-comparative-analysis-of-patients-treated-with-autologous-nonmyeloablative-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-and-conventional-medical-therapy
#11
Jaquellyne G Penaforte-Saboia, Renan M Montenegro, Carlos E Couri, Livia A Batista, Ana Paula D R Montenegro, Virginia O Fernandes, Hussain Akhtar, Carlos A Negrato, Kelen Cristina Ribeiro Malmegrim, Daniela Aparecida Moraes, Juliana B E Dias, Belinda P Simões, Marilia Brito Gomes, Maria Carolina Oliveira
Objective: To explore the impact on microvascular complications, long-term preservation of residual B-cell function and glycemic control of patients with type 1 diabetes treated with autologous nonmyeloablative hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (AHST) compared with conventional medical therapy (CT). Research design and methods: Cross-sectional data of patients treated with AHST were compared with patients who received conventional therapy from the Brazilian Type 1 Diabetes Study Group, the largest multicenter observational study in type 1 diabetes mellitus in Brazil...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214734/increased-serum-level-of-igf-1-correlates-with-better-cognitive-status-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#12
Vladimir Prelevic, Danilo Radunovic, Tanja Antunovic, Marina Ratkovic, Najdana Gligorovic-Bahranovic, Branka Gledovic, Snezana Vujosevic, Mirjana Nedovic-Vukovic, Nikolina Basic-Jukic
Prevalence of cognitive function decline in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing hemodialysis is higher than in the general population. We analyzed risk factors for cognitive function decline in those patients. This study included 93 ESRD patients undergoing hemodialysis two or three times a week in three centers for hemodialysis in Montenegro. The cognitive status of patients was assessed using the mini mental score examination (MMSE) test. All 93 patients have been divided into three groups according to the results of MMSE...
December 7, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209995/early-clinical-expressions-of-insulin-resistance-the-real-enemy-to-look-for
#13
René Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Alejandro Salcido-Montenegro, José Gerardo González-González
The type 2 diabetes mellitus epidemic threatens public healthcare systems worldwide. Efforts to prevent chronic complications of diabetes and reduce their associated mortality have been ineffective. Hence, early prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease needs to be prioritized. This strategy, however, must be centered not on an approach based on hyperglycemia but on early pathophysiologic mechanisms, such as insulin resistance. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, androgenic alopecia, acanthosis nigricans, and polycystic ovarian syndrome are all well-accepted early clinical manifestations of insulin resistance that represent, in themselves, a risk for further development of type 2 diabetes and that appear years before hyperglycemia...
December 5, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205771/homoeologous-exchange-is-a-major-cause-of-gene-presence-absence-variation-in-the-amphidiploid-brassica-napus
#14
Bhavna Hurgobin, Agnieszka A Golicz, Philipp E Bayer, Chon-Kit Kenneth Chan, Soodeh Tirnaz, Aria Dolatabadian, Sarah V Schiessl, Birgit Samans, Juan D Montenegro, Isobel A P Parkin, J Chris Pires, Boulos Chalhoub, Graham J King, Rod Snowdon, Jacqueline Batley, David Edwards
Homoeologous exchanges (HEs) have been shown to generate novel gene combinations and phenotypes in a range of polyploid species. Gene presence/absence variation (PAV) is also a major contributor to genetic diversity. In the present study we show that there is an association between these two events, particularly in recent Brassica napus synthetic accessions, and that these represent a novel source of genetic diversity, which can be captured for the improvement of this important crop species. By assembling the pangenome of B...
December 4, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203110/an-atypical-case-of-disseminated-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-due-to-leishmania-peruviana-in-the-valleys-of-ancash-peru
#15
Diego Espinoza-Morales, Aldo Lucchetti Rodríguez, Wilmer Silva-Caso, Luis Suarez-Ognio, María J Pons, Juana Del Valle Mendoza
We present an atypical case of disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Sihuas district, located in the Andean valleys of Ancash-Peru. A 62-year-old man with no particular medical history presented multiple lesions located on the inferior abdomen, lumbar region and the right anterior thigh. Histological analysis found leishmanial amastigotes in the lesion sample, the Montenegro reaction was positive for Leishmania spp, and the polymerase chain reaction was positive for Leishmania peruviana. In conclusion, the atypical presentation of this disease may be related to the presence of an uncommon parasite strain or host immune deficiencies...
November 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199126/chitosan-produced-from-mucorales-fungi-using-agroindustrial-by-products-and-its-efficacy-to-inhibit-colletotrichum-species
#16
Lúcia Raquel Ramos Berger, Thayza Christina Montenegro Stamford, Kataryne Árabe Rimá de Oliveira, Adjane de Miranda Pereira Pessoa, Marcos Antonio Barbosa de Lima, Maria Manuela Estevez Pintado, Marcos Paz Saraiva Câmara, Luciana de Oliveira Franco, Marciane Magnani, Evandro Leite de Souza
This study evaluated corn steep liquor (CSL) and papaya peel juice (PPJ) in mixture as substrates for the cultivation (96h, 28°C, pH 5.6, 150rpm) of Mucorales fungi for chitosan production, and determined the growth-inhibitory effect of the fungal chitosan (FuCS) obtained under optimized conditions against phytopathogenic Colletotrichum species. All Mucorales fungi tested were capable of growing in CSL-PPJ medium, showing FuCS production in the range of 5.02 (Fennelomyces heterothalicus SIS 28) - 15.63mg/g (Cunninghamella elegans SIS 41)...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190863/-effect-of-exercise-on-the-serum-concentrations-of-leptin-and-adiponectin-in-adolescents-with-risk-factors-of-developing-diabetes
#17
Rocío Torres-García, Eneida Del Socorro Camarillo-Romero, Abraham Majluf-Cruz, Gilberto Felipe Vázquez de Anda, Ana María Loe-Ocho, Laura Patricia Montenegro-Morales, Patricia Cerecero-Aguirre, G Gerardo Huitrón-Bravo, José de Jesús Garduño-García
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an increasing health issue. Physical activity (PA) in early stages is a preventive measure in the development of degenerative diseases. It has been documented the association between exercise and leptin and adiponectin concentrations. The objective was to evaluate the effect of a physical activity program (PAP) on serum leptin and adiponectin in teenagers with risk factors for developing T2DM. METHODS: Experimental-longitudinal study...
November 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186462/haemorrhagic-fever-with-renal-syndrome-in-montenegro-2004-14
#18
Zoran Vratnica, Luca Busani, Željka Zekovic, Božidarka Rakocevic, Sanja Medenica, Roberta Urciuoli, Giovanni Rezza, Boban Mugoša
From 2004 to 2014, 106 cases of Human haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome were notified in Montenegro, with a peak in 2014. Most of the cases occurred in summer, in the North-east and Central Montenegro, a hilly/mountainous area, that provides suitable habitats for the main rodent carriers. Cases were mainly males (71) and exposures were often working outdoor or spending time visiting mountains and lakes. Incidence correlated with average annual temperature increase and average annual rainfalls decrease, but not with land cover...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179759/metabolic-syndrome-diabetes-and-inadequate-lifestyle-in-first-degree-relatives-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-survivors-younger-than-45%C3%A2-years-old
#19
Maria Helane C Gurgel, Renan M Montenegro Junior, Clarisse M Melo Ponte, Tamara Cristina S Sousa, Paulo Goberlanio B Silva, Lucia de Sousa Belém, Frederico Luis Braz Furtado, Lívia A de Araújo Batista, Alexandre C Pereira, Raul D Santos
BACKGROUND: A premature myocardial infarction (PMI) is usually associated with a familial component. This study evaluated cardiovascular risk factors in first-degree relatives (FDR) of patients with PMI not presenting the familial hypercholesterolemia phenotype. METHODS: A cross-sectional study comprising FDR of non-familial hypercholesterolemia patients who suffered a myocardial infarction <45-years age matched for age and sex with individuals without family history of cardiovascular disease...
November 28, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177395/-infection-by-the-mycobacterium-avium-intracellulare-complex-in-patients-with-hiv-aids-in-a-peruvian-hospital-a-series-of-cases
#20
César Ticona-Huaroto, Lilian Astocondor-Salazar, Juan Montenegro-Idrogo, Gustavo Valencia-Mesias, Jaime Soria
There is little information on the presence of the Mycobacterium avium-Intracellulare (MAC) complex in Peru. Five cases of MAC infection are described in patients with HIV/AIDS at the National Hospital Dos de Mayo, Lima - Peru. The patients presented, mainly, persistent fever, chronic diarrhea, consumptive syndrome, pancytopenia and citofagocitosis. In all of them, resistant acid-alcohol bacilli were identified in feces, so they received antituberculous treatment. The culture of feces was negative for Mycobacterium tuberculosis and, later, in all cases MAC was identified using a molecular test (genotype) in the culture of feces...
April 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
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