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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527246/seroprevalence-of-dengue-infection-in-the-municipalities-of-armenia-calarc%C3%A3-la-tebaida-and-montenegro-in-quind%C3%A3-o-2014
#1
Mónica Marcela Jiménez, Jesús Arias, Gabriel Carrasquilla
INTRODUCTION: Dengue is a serious public health problem in Colombia; it is prevalent in 90% of the municipalities in Quindío. Studies on its seroprevalence are required to address public health interventions. OBJECTIVE: To establish the seroprevalence of dengue infection in neighborhoods with high incidence in the municipalities of Armenia, Calarcá, La Tebaida and Montenegro, Quindío, in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a probabilistic, stratified, two-stage prevalence study...
January 24, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517030/gerbode-defect-and-multivalvular-dysfunction-complex-complications-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease
#2
Catarina Ruivo, Joana Guardado, Fernando Montenegro Sá, Fátima Saraiva, Alexandre Antunes, Joana Correia, João Morais
We report a clinical case of a 40-year-old male with surgically corrected congenital heart disease (CHD) 10 years earlier: closure of ostium primum, mitral annuloplasty, and aortic valve and root surgery. The patient was admitted with acute heart failure. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) revealed a dysmorphic and severely incompetent aortic valve, a partial tear of the mitral valve cleft repair and annuloplasty ring dehiscence. A true left ventricular-to-right atrial shunt confirmed a direct Gerbode defect...
May 18, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514919/periconceptional-cmv-infection-prevention-in-portugal-population-subgroup-study-in-a-tertiary-perinatal-care-center
#3
Patrícia Sousa, Gabriel Madureira, Marina Moucho, Ana Lídia Sampaio-Dias, Nuno Montenegro
Currently in Portugal, universal screening of pregnant women for Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is not performed. However, it is recommended to screen all women attending preconception care. We aimed to assess women's attendance to preconception care and if their serologic status regarding CMV was known and/or investigated in that consultation. In this cross-sectional study, we interviewed 240 women admitted to the obstetrical ward of a hospital in the Metropolitan Area of Porto (Portugal) about their adherence to preconception care and collected data regarding their CMV serologic status and its investigation...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512474/human-papillomavirus-genotype-distribution-among-cervical-cancer-patients-prior-to-brazilian-national-hpv-immunization-program
#4
Liz M de Almeida, Luís Felipe L Martins, Valéria B Pontes, Flávia M Corrêa, Raquel C Montenegro, Laine C Pinto, Bruno M Soares, João Paulo C B Vidal, Shayany P Félix, Neilane Bertoni, Moysés Szklo, Miguel Angelo M Moreira
To evaluate the impact of HPV immunization and possible changes in virus type-specific prevalence associated with cervical cancer, it is important to obtain baseline information based on socioeconomic, educational, and environmental characteristics in human populations. We describe these characteristics and the type-specific HPV distribution in 1,183 women diagnosed with cervical cancer in two Brazilian healthcare institutions located at the Southeastern (Rio de Janeiro/RJ) and the Amazonian (Belém/PA) regions...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492812/palliative-care-in-paediatric-oncology-in-nursing-education
#5
Tuani Magalhães Guimarães, Liliane Faria da Silva, Fátima Helena Espírito Santo, Juliana Rezende Montenegro Medeiros de Moraes, Sandra Teixeira de Araújo Pacheco
Objective: To identify and understand the view of students regarding palliative care in paediatric oncology during a graduate programme. Methods: Exploratory research with a qualitative approach conducted in a school of nursing in Rio de Janeiro. Data were collected from September to November 2014, through semi-structured interviews with 20 students enrolled in the last period of a graduate programme. The data were subjected to thematic analysis. Results: The results produced two thematic units: the (un)preparedness of nursing students regarding palliative care in paediatric oncology and how the subject of palliative care in paediatric oncology is approached in the graduate programme...
May 4, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489181/early-postoperative-parathormone-sampling-and-prognosis-after-total-parathyroidectomy-in-secondary-hyperparathyroidism
#6
Climério Pereira do Nascimento, Marília D'Elboux Guimarães Brescia, Melani Ribeiro Custódio, Ledo Mazzei Massoni, André Albuquerque Silveira, Patrícia Taschner Goldenstein, Sérgio Samir Arap, Vanda Jorgetti, Rosa Maria Affonso Moyses, Fábio Luiz de Menezes Montenegro
Introduction: There is possibility of a supernumerary hyperplastic parathyroid gland in dialysis patients after total parathyroidectomy and autograft in dialysis patients. Objective: To test if the early postoperative measure of parathyroid hormone (PTH) can identify persistent hyperparathyroidism. Methods: A prospective cohort of dialysis patients submitted to parathyroidectomy had PTH measured up to one week after operation. The absolute value and the relative decrease were analyzed according to clinical outcome of satisfactory control of secondary hyperparathyroidism or persistence...
April 27, 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484387/functional-connectivity-disruption-in-subjective-cognitive-decline-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-common-pattern-of-alterations
#7
David López-Sanz, Ricardo Bruña, Pilar Garcés, María Carmen Martín-Buro, Stefan Walter, María Luisa Delgado, Mercedes Montenegro, Ramón López Higes, Alberto Marcos, Fernando Maestú
Functional connectivity (FC) alterations represent a key feature in Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and provide a useful tool to characterize and predict the course of the disease. Those alterations have been also described in Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), a prodromal stage of AD. There is a growing interest in detecting AD pathology in the brain in the very early stages of the disorder. Subjective Cognitive Decline (SCD) could represent a preclinical asymptomatic stage of AD but very little is known about this population...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455481/use-of-inlet-radiographs-in-the-assessment-of-reduction-after-the-surgical-treatment-of-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip
#8
B S F Massa, R Guarniero, R M Godoy, J C Rodrigues, N B Montenegro, F G Cordeiro
AIMS: This pilot study aimed to evaluate prospectively the use of inlet radiographs of the hip as an alternative method of the assessment of reduction after the surgical treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The children in this study underwent surgery between January 2013 and January 2015. All had inlet radiographs and CT scans post-operatively. Data were analysed by determining inter-observer reliability and intra-observer reproducibility, using the kappa value (K)...
May 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443701/evaluation-of-dietary-intake-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-metabolic-profile-in-women-with-mutation-in-the-lmna-gene
#9
Luciana Monteiro, Maria Cristina Foss-Freitas, Anderson Navarro, Francisco Pereira, Fernanda Coeli, Estela Carneseca, Renan Montenegro Júnior, Milton Foss
INTRODUCTION: Familial partial lipodystrophy (FPL) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by selective lack of subcutaneous fat, which is associated with insulin-resistant diabetes. The Dunnigan variety (FPLD2) is caused by several missense mutations in the lamin A/C (LMNA) gene, most of which are typically located in exon 8 at the codon position 482. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the dietary intake, leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), and biochemical measurements (glucose, A1C, and plasma lipids) in women with FPLD2 and without (control group, CG) and to examine the associations between dietary intake and biochemical measurements (BM)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439785/influence-of-environmental-conditions-on-norovirus-presence-in-mussels-harvested-in-montenegro
#10
Nevena Ilic, Branko Velebit, Vlado Teodorovic, Vesna Djordjevic, Nedjeljko Karabasil, Dragan Vasilev, Spomenka Djuric, Bojan Adzic, Mirjana Dimitrijevic
This study comprises the first systematic survey of the occurrence of Norovirus in Mediterranean mussels from harvesting areas in Montenegro coast of Adriatic Sea. Mussels may accumulate contaminants of public health concern, including pathogenic bacteria and viruses. Microbiological monitoring of harvesting areas is based on count of Escherichia coli in bivalve molluscs in the European Union. It is assumed that E. coli does not reflect contamination with enteric viruses. A structured field study was undertaken at six locations in Bay of Kotor, Montenegro, in order to investigate plausible influence of environmental factors on the variability of E...
April 24, 2017: Food and Environmental Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437464/inhibition-of-%C3%AE-v%C3%AE-3-integrin-induces-loss-of-cell-directionality-of-oral-squamous-carcinoma-cells-oscc
#11
Cyntia F Montenegro, Bruna C Casali, Rafael L B Lino, Bianca C Pachane, Patty K Santos, Alan R Horwitz, Heloisa S Selistre-de-Araujo, Marcelo L Lamers
The connective tissue formed by extracellular matrix (ECM) rich in fibronectin and collagen consists a barrier that cancer cells have to overpass to reach blood vessels and then a metastatic site. Cell adhesion to fibronectin is mediated by αvβ3 and α5β1 integrins through an RGD motif present in this ECM protein, thus making these receptors key targets for cell migration studies. Here we investigated the effect of an RGD disintegrin, DisBa-01, on the migration of human fibroblasts (BJ) and oral squamous cancer cells (OSCC, SCC25) on a fibronectin-rich environment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427430/profile-and-professional-expectations-of-medical-students-from-11-latin-american-countries-the-red-lirhus-project
#12
Percy Mayta-Tristán, Reneé Pereyra-Elías, Juan José Montenegro-Idrogo, Christian R Mejia, Fiorella Inga-Berrospi, Edward Mezones-Holguín
BACKGROUND: Latin America is undergoing a human resource crisis in health care in terms of labor shortage, misdistribution and poor orientation to primary care. Workforce data are needed to inform the planning of long-term strategies to address this problem. This study aimed to evaluate the academic and motivational profile, as well as the professional expectations, of Latin American medical students. RESULTS: We conducted an observational, cross-sectional, multi-country study evaluating medical students from 11 Spanish-speaking countries in 2011-2012...
April 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424664/spotted-fever-epidemiology-and-vector-rickettsia-host-relationship-in-rio-de-janeiro-state
#13
Diego C Montenegro, Karla Bitencourth, Stefan V de Oliveira, Ana P Borsoi, Karen M Cardoso, Maria S B Sousa, Cristina Giordano-Dias, Marinete Amorim, Nicolau M Serra-Freire, Gilberto S Gazêta, Reginaldo P Brazil
The eco-epidemiological scenario of spotted fever (SF), a tick-borne disease that affects humans and other animals in several countries around the world, was analyzed in Rio de Janeiro (RJ) State, Brazil. During the last 34 years, 990 SF cases were reported in RJ (the Brazilian state with the highest population density), including 116 cases confirmed by serology (RIFI) or PCR, among 42.39% of the municipalities with reported cases of SF. The epidemiologic dynamics of SF in RJ State are very heterogeneous in time and space, with outbreaks, high mortality rates and periods of epidemiological silence (no SF cases reported)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423087/epidemiological-aspects-of-american-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-acl-in-an-endemic-area-of-forest-extractivist-culture-in-western-brazilian-amazonia
#14
Andreia Fernandes Brilhante, Leonardo Augusto Kohatsu Melchior, Vânia Lúcia Brandão Nunes, Cristiane de Oliveira Cardoso, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi Galati
The study sought to analyze clinical and epidemiological aspects of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Xapuri, Acre, Brazil. Data from 2008 to 2014 registered in the notification records of the disease of the Information System of the Complaints of Notification (SINAN), and the data of the Information Department of the Unified Health System (DATASUS) available from 2007 to 2013 were used and analyzed in the light of the statistics of the temporal series by the Prais-Winsten method and chi-squared test. A total of 906 cases were registered with 60...
April 13, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412543/diabetes-and-cardiovascular-events-in-high-risk-patients-insights-from-a-multicenter-registry-in-a-middle-income-country
#15
Beatriz D Schaan, Jose Albuquerque de Figueiredo Neto, Leila Beltrami Moreira, Priscila Ledur, Luiz Alberto P Mattos, Daniel Magnoni, Dalton Bertolim Precoma, Carlos Alberto Machado, Antônio Luiz da Silva Brasileiro, Felipe Montes Pena, Erno Harzheim, Sérgio Montenegro, Sabrina Bernardez-Pereira, Lucas P Damiani, Fernanda M Consolim-Colombo, Angelo Amato Vicenzo de Paola, Jadelson Andrade, Jorge Ilha Guimarães, Otávio Berwanger
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the rate of major clinical events and its determinants in patients with previous cardiovascular event or not, and with or without diabetes from a middle-income country. METHODS: REACT study is a multicenter registry conducted between July 2010 and May 2013 in Brazil. Patients were eligible if they were over 45years old and high cardiovascular risk. Patients were followed for 12months; data were collected regarding adherence to evidence-based therapies and occurrence of clinical events (all-cause mortality, non-fatal cardiac arrest, myocardial infarction, or stroke)...
March 25, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407714/three-body-fragmentation-from-single-ionization-of-water-by-electron-impact-the-role-of-satellite-states
#16
Natalia Ferreira, L Sigaud, E C Montenegro
Ionization of water with energy transfers close to the 2a1 inner valence orbital is accompanied by a fast electronic rearrangement driven by electron relaxation and electron-electron correlations. Quasi-degenerate single vacancy and satellites one-electron-two-vacancies excited states in outer shells are created and leave their fingerprints in the three-body fragmentation pattern. Single vacancy states have been associated with Auger decay and double ionization. Satellite excited states are here convincingly assigned to single ionization...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405397/dynamics-of-cilia-length-in-left-right-development
#17
P Pintado, P Sampaio, B Tavares, T D Montenegro-Johnson, D J Smith, S S Lopes
Reduction in the length of motile cilia in the zebrafish left-right organizer (LRO), also known as Kupffer's vesicle, has a large impact on left-right development. Here we demonstrate through genetic overexpression in zebrafish embryos and mathematical modelling that the impact of increased motile cilia length in embryonic LRO fluid flow is milder than that of short cilia. Through Arl13b overexpression, which increases cilia length without impacting cilia beat frequency, we show that the increase in cilium length is associated with a decrease in beat amplitude, resulting in similar flow strengths for Arl13b overexpression and wild-type (WT) embryos, which were not predicted by current theory...
March 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404491/hypertension-and-correlates-among-montenegrin-schoolchildren-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
M Martinovic, G Belojevic, G W Evans, N Kavaric, B Asanin, S Pantovic, M Jaksic, J Boljevic
OBJECTIVES: In one of the few national studies of children in a former Eastern bloc country emerging as a Western democracy and the first such study ever in Montenegro, this study establishes the prevalence and correlates of childhood hypertension (CH). STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional national study. METHODS: The study was conducted with 3254 children aged 7-13 years (50.3% male) from 39 elementary schools. We used a structured questionnaire to gather sociodemographic information as well as data on factors potentially related to CH...
March 6, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403324/screening-and-diagnosing-postpartum-depression-when-and-how
#19
REVIEW
Gustavo Paranhos de Albuquerque Moraes, Laura Lorenzo, Gabriela Arruda Reinaux Pontes, Maria Cristina Montenegro, Amaury Cantilino
Introduction: Prevalence rates of postpartum depression (PPD) vary widely, depending on the methodological parameters used in studies: differences in study populations, diagnostic methods, and postpartum time frame. There is also no consensus on the ideal time to perform screening, on whether PPD can only be diagnosed in the early postnatal period, or on how soon after a delivery depression may be related to it. Objective: To review which instruments have been used over recent years to screen and diagnose PPD and the prevailing periods of diagnosis...
January 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402101/synergistically-enhanced-performance-of-ultrathin-nanostructured-silicon-solar-cells-embedded-in-plasmonically-assisted-multispectral-luminescent-waveguides
#20
Sung-Min Lee, Purnim Dhar, Huandong Chen, Angelo Montenegro, Lauren Liaw, Dongseok Kang, Boju Gai, Alexander V Benderskii, Jongseung Yoon
Ultrathin silicon solar cells fabricated by anisotropic wet chemical etching of single-crystalline wafer materials represent an attractive materials platform that could provide many advantages for realizing high-performance, low-cost photovoltaics. However, their intrinsically limited photovoltaic performance arising from insufficient absorption of low-energy photons demands careful design of light management to maximize the efficiency and preserve the cost-effectiveness of solar cells. Herein we present an integrated flexible solar module of ultrathin, nanostructured silicon solar cells capable of simultaneously exploiting spectral upconversion and downshifting in conjunction with multispectral luminescent waveguides and a nanostructured plasmonic reflector to compensate for their weak optical absorption and enhance their performance...
April 25, 2017: ACS Nano
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