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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025095/the-mediterranean-diet-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-in-the-uk-women-s-cohort-study
#1
Petra Jones, Janet E Cade, Charlotte E L Evans, Neil Hancock, Darren C Greenwood
Background: Evidence from epidemiological studies investigating associations between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and colorectal cancer is inconsistent. The aim of this study is to assess in the UK Women's Cohort Study whether adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern is associated with reduced incidence of cancers of the colon and rectum. Method: A total of 35 372 women were followed for a median of 17.4 years. A 10-component score indicating adherence to the Mediterranean diet was generated for each cohort participant, using a 217-item food frequency questionnaire...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021449/diffuse-intestinal-ganglioneuromatosis-showing-multiple-large-bowel-ulcers-in-a-patient-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#2
Masaya Iwamuro, Rika Omote, Takehiro Tanaka, Naruhiko Sunada, Takahiro Nada, Yoshitaka Kondo, Soichiro Nose, Mitsuhiko Kawaguchi, Fumio Otsuka, Hiroyuki Okada
A 67-year-old Japanese man with neurofibromatosis type 1 underwent right hemicolectomy owing to abscess formation around the cecum. A pathological analysis revealed diffuse intestinal ganglioneuromatosis in the cecum and colon. Colonoscopy performed eight months after hemicolectomy revealed multiple ulcers throughout the colon and rectum. The colorectal ulcers failed to respond to conservative treatment and ultimately required surgical resection. Diffuse ganglioneuromatosis was observed again in the resected specimen...
October 11, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994635/does-isolation-of-enterococcus-affect-outcomes-in-intra-abdominal-infections
#3
James M Sanders, Jeffrey M Tessier, Robert Sawyer, E P Dellinger, Preston R Miller, Nicholas Namias, Michaela West, Charles H Cook, P J O'Neill, Lena Napolitano, Rishi Rattan, Joseph Cuschieri, Jeffrey A Claridge, Chris A Guidry, Reza Askari, Kaysie Banton, Ori Rotstein, Billy J Moore, Therese M Duane
BACKGROUND: Enterococci are isolated frequently as pathogens in patients with intra-abdominal infections (IAIs) and may predict poor clinical outcomes. It remains controversial whether enterococci warrant an altered treatment approach with regard to antimicrobial treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study population was derived from the Study to Optimize Peritoneal Infection Therapy (STOP-IT) trial database. Through post hoc analysis subjects were stratified into two groups based on isolation of Enterococcus...
October 10, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991003/site-specific-solid-cancer-mortality-following-exposure-to-ionizing-radiation-a-cohort-study-of-workers-inworks
#4
David B Richardson, Elisabeth Cardis, Robert D Daniels, Michael Gillies, Richard Haylock, Klervi Leuraud, Dominique Laurier, Monika Moissonnier, Mary K Schubauer-Berigan, Isabelle Thierry-Chef, Ausrele Kesminiene
BACKGROUND: There is considerable scientific interest in associations between protracted low-dose exposure to ionizing radiation and the occurrence of specific types of cancer. METHODS: Associations between ionizing radiation and site-specific solid cancer mortality were examined among 308,297 nuclear workers employed in France, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Workers were monitored for external radiation exposure and follow-up encompassed 8.2 million person-years...
October 4, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990311/comprehensive-data-of-3-820-patients-newly-diagnosed-with-colorectal-liver-metastasis-between-2005-and-2007-report-of-a-nationwide-survey-in-japan
#5
Katsunori Sakamoto, Goro Honda, Toru Beppu, Kenjiro Kotake, Masakazu Yamamoto, Keiichi Takahashi, Itaru Endo, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Michio Itabashi, Yojiro Hashiguchi, Yoshihito Kotera, Shin Kobayashi, Tatsuro Yamaguchi, Satoshi Morita, Masaru Miyazaki, Kenichi Sugihara
To collect big data for further research to improve treatment outcomes in patients with colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM), the Joint Committee for Nationwide Survey on Colorectal Liver Metastasis was established by the Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum and the Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery. The joint committee initiated data collection since 2014. The data of 4,237 patients newly diagnosed with CRLM between 2005 and 2007 were registered from 134 departments of 127 institutions (64%) among 209 departments (from 201 institutions) that agreed to participate in this study...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989593/colorectal-cancer-screening-a-comprehensive-review-to-recent-non-invasive-methods
#6
REVIEW
Leila Hamzehzadeh, Meysam Yousefi, Seyed-Hamidollah Ghaffari
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide and considered to be one of the hassles in medical communities. CRC develops from precancerous polyps in the colon or rectum and is preventable and curable by an early diagnosis and with the removal of premalignant polyps. In recent years, scientists have looked for inexpensive and safe ways to detect CRC in its earliest stages. Strong evidence shows that screening for CRC is a crucial way to reduce the incidence and mortality of this devastating disease...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Hematology-oncology and Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987548/efficacy-and-safety-of-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-submucosal-tumors-of-the-colon-and-rectum
#7
Zhi-Peng Qi, Qing Shi, Jing-Zheng Liu, Li-Qing Yao, Mei-Dong Xu, Shi-Lun Cai, Bing Li, Iri Take, Yi-Qun Zhang, Wei-Feng Chen, Yun-Shi Zhong, Ping-Hong Zhou
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of colorectal submucosal tumors (SMTs) is becoming increasingly common; however, there have been few large consecutive studies analyzing its therapeutic efficacy and safety. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and long-term outcomes of ESD for colorectal SMTs. METHODS: This retrospective study included 412 consecutive patients with colorectal SMTs who underwent ESD at the Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University from January 2008 to July 2014...
October 4, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982515/robotic-total-pelvic-exenteration-with-intracorporeal-sigmoid-conduit-and-colostomy-step-by-step-technique
#8
Matthew J Maurice, Daniel Ramirez, Emre Gorgun, Georges-Pascal Haber
OBJECTIVE: To describe our technique for robotic total pelvic exenteration with intracorporeal sigmoid conduit and colostomy using the da Vinci Si robot. METHODS: Three 8-mm robotic ports and two 12-mm laparoscopic ports are placed in a "W" configuration, approximately 2-3 cm more cephalad than for radical prostatectomy (Fig. 1). The robot is docked between the legs with the patient in steep Trendelenburg. The ureters are dissected out from the iliac vessels to the rectovesical pouch, where they are clipped and transected...
July 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981482/vital-signs-trends-in-incidence-of-cancers-associated-with-overweight-and-obesity-united-states-2005-2014
#9
C Brooke Steele, Cheryll C Thomas, S Jane Henley, Greta M Massetti, Deborah A Galuska, Tanya Agurs-Collins, Mary Puckett, Lisa C Richardson
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are associated with increased risk of at least 13 different types of cancer. METHODS: Data from the United States Cancer Statistics for 2014 were used to assess incidence rates, and data from 2005 to 2014 were used to assess trends for cancers associated with overweight and obesity (adenocarcinoma of the esophagus; cancers of the breast [in postmenopausal women], colon and rectum, endometrium, gallbladder, gastric cardia, kidney, liver, ovary, pancreas, and thyroid; meningioma; and multiple myeloma) by sex, age, race/ethnicity, state, geographic region, and cancer site...
October 3, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980383/incidence-of-venous-thromboembolic-events-in-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-for-colon-cancer-a-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study
#10
Momo M I Vendler, Tamim A Haidari, Jo E Waage, Jakob Kleif, Bent Kristensen, Ismail Gögenur, Claus A Bertelsen
AIM: Both the Danish and NICE guidelines recommend prolonged thromboprophylaxis (PT) with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) for 28 days postoperatively after elective surgery for colon cancer. The evidence relies on two RCTs that included not only colon cancers but also other abdominal cancers or benign colorectal diseases. Neither of those studies investigated the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) under Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS). We aim to describe the risk of VTE and estimate the cost of preventing one case of VTE by PT under ERAS...
October 4, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975689/inflammatory-cell-distribution-in-colon-mucosa-as-a-new-tool-for-diagnosis-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-promising-pilot-study
#11
J Boyer, M-C Saint-Paul, B Dadone, S Patouraux, M-H Vivinus, D Ouvrier, J-F Michiels, T Piche, M K Tulic
BACKGROUND: Currently, there are no histological criteria to diagnose irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Our aims were (i) to examine the distribution of inflammatory cells in the colon of healthy and IBS subjects and (ii) to find histological diagnosis criteria for IBS. METHODS: Colonic biopsies were taken from four distinct regions of the colon from 20 controls (HC) and 11 patients with IBS (4 with constipation (IBS-C) and 7 with diarrhea (IBS-D) and embedded in paraffin...
October 4, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975016/granular-cell-tumor-of-cecum-a-common-tumor-in-a-rare-site-with-diagnostic-challenge
#12
Meyyappa Devan Rajagopal, Debasis Gochhait, Dasarathan Shanmugan, Adarsh Wamanrao Barwad
Granular cell tumor (GCT) also known as Abrikossoff's tumor is a benign neoplasm that is usually seen in the fourth to sixth decades of life with slight female preponderance. It is most frequently seen in the oral cavity, skin, and subcutaneous tissue. Gastrointestinal tract involvement is uncommon, in which esophagus is the most commonly affected site. There are case reports of GCT in stomach, appendix, colon and rectum. In this article, we report a case of GCT involving cecum. The cell of origin in GCT is controversial...
July 3, 2017: Rare Tumors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974887/circulating-inflammatory-factors-associated-with-worse-long-term-prognosis-in-colorectal-cancer
#13
Renate S Olsen, Johnny Nijm, Roland E Andersson, Jan Dimberg, Dick Wågsäter
AIM: To investigate association of circulating inflammatory factors at the time of colorectal cancer (CRC) surgery with survival. METHODS: Plasma levels from 174 CRC patients (69 females and 105 men), with median age 70 years (range 29-90), localized in the colon (n = 105) or rectum (n = 69), with stage I (n = 24), stage II (n = 54), stage III (n = 67) and stage IV (n = 29) were measured using commercially available Bio-Plex Pro™ Human Chemokine Panel 40-Plex, including 40 different chemokines, cytokines and interleukins...
September 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974592/ulcerative-colitis-management-in-adults-children-and-young-people-concise-guidance%C3%A2
#14
Gloria Sz Tun, Adam Harris, Alan J Lobo
Ulcerative colitis is a chronic, relapsing and remitting -inflammatory disease of the colon and rectum. Effective -management requires prompt recognition and treatment of those with acute relapses as well as appropriate choice and monitoring of drugs for maintenance of remission. This therefore involves specialist gastroenterology teams as well as acute and general physicians and primary care clinicians. Treatment options need to be discussed with those with -ulcerative colitis and their families and appropriate information provided...
October 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969008/investigation-of-methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase-tagging-polymorphisms-with-colorectal-cancer-in-chinese-han-population
#15
Sheng Zhang, Shuchen Chen, Yu Chen, Mingqiang Kang, Chao Liu, Hao Qiu, Yafeng Wang, Weifeng Tang
The aim of this case-control study was to assess the relationship between the tagging polymorphisms in methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene and the susceptibility to colorectal cancer (CRC) in a Chinese Han population. A custom-by-design 48-Plex SNPscan Kit was used to determine the genotypes of MTHFR rs3753584 T>C, rs9651118 T>C, rs1801133 G>A, rs4846048 A>G and rs4845882 G>A polymorphisms in 387 CRC patients and 1,536 non-cancer controls. The results revealed that MTHFR rs1801133 G>A polymorphism was associated with a decreased risk of overall CRC...
September 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957373/intestinal-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-goat-whey-on-dnbs-induced-colitis-in-mice
#16
Daline F S Araújo, Gerlane C B Guerra, Maria Manuela E Pintado, Yasmim R F Sousa, Francesca Algieri, Alba Rodriguez-Nogales, Raimundo F Araújo, Julio Gálvez, Rita de Cássia R E Queiroga, Maria Elena Rodriguez-Cabezas
This study evaluated the intestinal anti-inflammatory effects of goat whey in a mouse model of colitis induced by 2,4-dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid that resembles human IBD. At a concentration of 4 g/kg/day, the goat whey improved the symptoms of intestinal inflammation, namely by decreasing the disease activity index, colonic weight/length, and leukocyte infiltration. Moreover, goat whey inhibited NF-κB p65 and p38 MAPK signaling pathways and consequently down-regulated the gene expression of various proinflammatory markers such as IL-1β, IL-6, IL-17, TNF-α, iNOS, MMP-9, ICAM-1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952277/risk-factors-predicting-colorectal-cancer-recurrence-following-initial-treatment-a-5-year-cohort-study
#17
Mohammad Zare-Bandamiri, Mohammad Fararouei, Shadi Zohourinia, Nima Daneshi, Mostafa Dianatinasab
Purpose: Recurrence is one of the most important factors influencing survival of colorectal cancer patients. Subjects and Methods: In this cohort study, clinical and demographic characteristics of 561 patients with colorectal cancer were collected from 2010 to 2015. Medical records and telephone interviews were used to define the patient’s clinical status including the date of any recurrence during the study period. The multivariate Cox model was used as the main strategy for analyzing data. Results: Some 239 (42...
September 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951355/-high-throughput-sequencing-for-analysis-of-structural-change-of-intestinal-microbiota-in-patients-with-colorectal-adenoma
#18
Ying-Ying Lu, Yue Zeng, Guo-Yong Hu, Xing-Peng Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the taxonomic richness and diversity of gut microbiota in patients with colorectal adenoma and elucidate the role of gut microorganisms in precancerous lesions in the colon and rectum. METHOD: Adenomatous tissues from 31 patients with colorectal adenoma and normal intestinal mucosal tissues from 20 healthy control subjects were collected through colonoscopy. The total bacterial genomic DNA was extracted, and the V3-V4 hypervariable region in bacterial 16S rRNA gene was amplified using polymerase chain reaction and sequenced on an Illumina MiSeq platform...
September 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949102/robotic-surgery-for-rectal-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Hiroaki Nozawa, Toshiaki Watanabe
Laparoscopic surgery has gained acceptance as a less invasive approach in the treatment of colon cancer. However, laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer, particularly cancer of the lower rectum, is still challenging because of limited accessibility. Robotic surgery overcomes the limitations of laparoscopy associated with anatomy and offers certain advantages, including 3-D imaging, dexterity and ambidextrous capability, lack of tremors, motion scaling, and a short learning curve. Robotic rectal surgery has been reported to reduce conversion rates, particularly in low anterior resection, but it is associated with longer operative times than the conventional laparoscopic approach...
September 26, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948490/rectal-cancer-in-asian-vs-western-countries-why-the-variation-in-incidence
#20
REVIEW
Yanhong Deng
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer worldwide. CRC has been thought to be less common in Asia compared to Western countries. However, the incidence rates of CRC in Asia are high and there is an increasing trend in the Asian population. Furthermore, colorectal cancer accounts for the greatest number of all incidences of CRC in Asia. The increasing adoption of a Western lifestyle, particularly in dietary habits, is likely the most important factor contributing to the rapid increase in colon cancer incidence; it is noteworthy that trends for rectal cancer were flat...
September 25, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
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