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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25717464/fournier-s-gangrene-in-cotonou-benin-republic
#1
Dgj Avakoudjo, G Natchagandé, Pp Hounnasso, Ki Gandaho, F Hodonou, R Tore-Sanni, Mm Agounkpé, Ak Paré
BACKGROUND: Gangrene of the male genitalia called Fournier's gangrene is not an uncommon surgical condition in the urological service at Cotonou, Benin Republic; it is associated with high mortality and morbidity. PATIENTS & METHODS: This is a retrospective, descriptive study conducted at the Teaching Clinic of Urology and Andrology at the National and Hospitable Center CNHU- Hubert Koutoukou MAGA in Cotonou, Benin Republic. The study is on patients managed for Fournier's gangrene from January 2002 to December 2012...
July 2013: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25714197/assessment-of-myocardial-ischemia-in-obese-individuals-undergoing-physical-stress-echocardiography-pse
#2
Mara Graziele Maciel Silveira, Antônio Carlos Sobral Sousa, Marcos Antônio Almeida Santos, Irlaneide da Silva Tavares, Stephanie Macedo Andrade, Luiza Dantas Melo, Loren Suyane Oliveira de Andrade, Emmanuel Lima Almeida Santos, Joselina Luzia Menezes Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Physical stress echocardiography is an established methodology for diagnosis and risk stratification of coronary artery disease in patients with physical capacity. In obese (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2) the usefulness of pharmacological stress echocardiography has been demonstrated; however, has not been reported the use of physical stress echocardiography in this growing population group. OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of myocardial ischemia in obese and non-obese patients undergoing physical stress echocardiography and compare their clinical and echocardiographic differences...
May 2015: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24761497/distribution-of-certain-risk-factors-among-dyslipidaemic-patients-morbid-with-first-episode-coronary-heart-disease
#3
R K Vinod, M Shashikala, K P Suresh
The objectives of the study were to determine dyslipidaemia prevalence in first episode coronary heart disease cases and to determine the pattern of distribution of risk factors in this temporal relationship. This hospital based retrospective cohort study was conducted at Basaveshwara Teaching Hospital, Gulbarga, during January 2012. Data for the 3 year period (January 2005-December 2007) were collected from the case sheets of cardiac care unit admissions. Out of the 1,373 admissions to the cardiac care unit over the 36 months period, 462 case sheets were examined as these were the ones with first episode coronary heart disease aetiology...
June 2013: Journal of the Indian Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24393733/acute-effects-of-five-ghanaian-carbohydrate-diets-on-serum-glucose-triglyceride-and-insulin-in-niddm
#4
I K Quaye, L A Brakohiakpa, G A Amoah, N Ayi-Ankrah, Y Kido
Glycemic indices have been used to predict useful carbohydrate sources of food for patients with non-insulin-dependent diabeties mellitus (NIDDM) on dietary management programs. The present study has revealed that glycemic indices alone are not adequate predictors of useful carbohydrate meal sources. We observed for the first time that glycemic indexes inversely correlate with triglyceride indices. In our test mixed meals varying in five Ghanaian carbohydrate food types for nine non-insulin dependent diabetics, the correlation between glycemic and triglyceride indices was (r = -0...
March 1999: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24393637/food-intake-patterns-in-urban-beijing-chinese
#5
P Fu, H Zhang, S M Siew, S Q Wang, A Xue, B H Hsu-Hage, M L Wahlqvist, Y F Wang, X X Li
This study investigated the food consumption patterns of 430 Beijing Chinese adults and assessed the impact on these patterns of the following socio-demographic characteristics: gender, age, educational achievement, and gross household income. Food intake by category, food variety and meal patterns were assessed using a 156-item food frequency questionnaire. It was found that gender and age were the most important factors to influence food consumption patterns. Men consumed more wheat products, red meat and tea, whereas women consumed more vegetables, fruit, nuts, fish, eggs and milk...
June 1998: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24097771/appropriate-body-mass-index-cut-off-point-in-relation-to-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-population-of-kavre-district
#6
A Shah, S Bhandary, S L Malik
Objective: The objective of the present study was to find out the appropriate BMI cut-off point in relation to type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) in the population of Kavre district of Nepal. Method: Thirty-five "known type 2 diabetic" and Thirty-five "self-reported non-diabetic" subjects above thirty years of age were included in the present study. Height and weight were recorded for every subject. BMI was calculated by the standard formula. The data was analyzed using SPSS Version 11.5. Results: Our results showed that the reference BMI range for both diabetic male (23...
April 2008: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24031562/conventional-and-alternative-antifungal-therapies-to-oral-candidiasis
#7
Paula Cristina Anibal, Janaina de Cássia Orlandi Sardi, Iza Teixeira Alves Peixoto, Julianna Joanna de Carvalho Moraes, José Francisco Höfling
Candida-associated denture stomatitis is the most common form of oral candidal infection, with Candida albicans being the principal etiological agent. Candida adheres directly or via an intermediary layer of plaque-forming bacteria to denture acrylic. Despite antifungal therapy to treat denture stomatitis, infection is reestablished soon after the treatment ceases. In addition, many predisposing factors have been identified as important in the development of oral candidiasis, including malnourishment, common endocrine disorders, such as diabetis mellitus, antibacterial drug therapy, corticosteroids, radiotherapy and other immunocompromised conditions, such as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)...
October 2010: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24009176/accumulation-of-m1-like-macrophages-in-type-2-diabetic-islets-is-followed-by-a-systemic-shift-in-macrophage-polarization
#8
Helena Cucak, Lars Groth Grunnet, Alexander Rosendahl
Human T2D is characterized by a low-grade systemic inflammation, loss of β-cells, and diminished insulin production. Local islet immunity is still poorly understood, and hence, we evaluated macrophage subpopulations in pancreatic islets in the well-established murine model of T2D, the db/db mouse. Already at 8 weeks of disease, on average, 12 macrophages were observed in the diabetic islets, whereas only two were recorded in the nondiabetic littermates. On a detailed level, the islet resident macrophages increased fourfold compared with nondiabetic littermates, whereas a pronounced recruitment (eightfold) of a novel subset of macrophages (CD68+F4/80-) was observed...
January 2014: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24003569/prehypertension-a-hidden-risk-of-indian-subcontinent
#9
Suresh T Yavagal, Basavaprabhu Amarkhed, Prabhu C Halkati, Suresh V Patted, Sanjay C Porwal, Sameer Ambar, Ravikant Patil
Prehypertension as an entity has been given Importance after JNC VII report. The magnitude of this problem in India and the importance of recognising prehypertension is slowly growing and getting established. Under these circumstances it was decided to study the prevalence of prehypertension in the city of Belgaum in Karnataka and the literature was reviewed. The objective of this study was to find out the prevalence of prehypertension in the urban population of Belgaum above thirty years of age. The urban population of Belgaum city was screened for prehypertension and hypertension by measuring blood pressure of all individuals aged 30 years and above...
February 2013: Journal of the Indian Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23980481/-effect-of-an-educational-admission-program-for-patients-at-the-conservative-phase-of-chronic-kidney-disease-ckd
#10
Risa Ueno, Tsuguru Hatta, Yuka Kawasaki, Masayuki Hara, Mai Otani, Hiroyoshi Segawa, Kei Maki, Katsunori Sawada
PURPOSE: We have been conducting a 1-week educational admission program for patients at the conservative phase of chronic kidney disease (CKD) since 2006. In this study we evaluated the effect of the program. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 469 patients who could be followed for 12 months after a 1-week educational admission program for CKD out of a total of 700 patients who attended the program between October 2006 and April 2012. We compared the rates of decrease in renal function before and after the program...
2013: Nihon Jinzo Gakkai Shi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23724283/can-diabetes-i-and-early-blindness-be-prevented-using-a-tylenol-combination-which-inhibits-oxidative-and-nitrosative-stress
#11
Knox Van Dyke, Erica Ghareeb, Robert Hoeldtke, Mark Van Dyke, Chris Van Dyke, David Van Thiel
Since oxidative/nitrosative stress cause diabetes, can we prevent this chemistry generating the disease? Streptozotocin causes diabetes by entering the pancreatic beta cell generating excessive nitric oxide which reacts with oxygen creating a toxin possibly peroxynitrite, dinitrogen trioxide, dinitrogen tetraoxide and so forth. The toxic compounds damage the DNA causing beta cell death. This prevents insulin synthesis, storage and release. By using antioxidant substances that destroy the nitric-oxide-based toxins (e...
2011: ISRN Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23716866/vulnerability-of-gastric-mucosa-in-diabetic-rats-its-pathogenesis-and-amelioration-by-cuminum-cyminum
#12
N Vador, Aarti G Jagtap, Archana Damle
Various studies have indicated that peptic ulcers occurring during the course of diabetic state are more severe and often associated with complications such as gastrointestinal bleeding. This study is the first attempt to understand the pathogenesis of gastric ulcers occurring during the diabetic state considering alternate biochemical pathways using suitable markers and its amelioration by Cuminum cyminum. In this study, diabetic rats showed a progressive increase in the stomach advanced glycated end products formation, gastric mucosal tumour necrosis factor-α and Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances levels as compared to normal control (nondiabetic) rats...
September 2012: Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23699007/is-the-apnea-link-a-reliable-tool-in-the-diagnosis-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-osa
#13
Ayham Deeb, Salim Abou Jaoude, Mary Ann Winkle
SESSION TYPE: Sleep PostersPRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 24, 2012 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMPURPOSE: To find out if the apnea link test (AL) is a reliable device for diagnosis or exclusion of OSA. To assess the correlation between AL and an overnight in-laboratory polysomnogram (PSG) performed at an accredited sleep laboratory, and to select a diagnostic apnea hypopnea index (AHI) cut off point on the AL that would reliably diagnose OSA.METHODS: We designed a prospective study that included patients who were hospitalized with a variety of conditions (Congestive heart failure, COPD, asthma exacerbation, diabeties and sepsis) between July 2009 and July 2011, who had a high clinical suspicion for OSA, and an AL performed during their hospitalization...
October 1, 2012: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23608331/preventive-effects-of-ophiopogon-polysaccharide-on-apiponectin-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-rat
#14
Hong Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of ophiopogon-polysaccharide on adiponectin (APN) in gestational diabetic mellitus rat. METHODS: The model of gestational diabetes mellitus rat were established with streptozotocin by intraperitoneal injection. Model rats were randomly divided into ophiopogon-polysaccharide 125 mg/kg group, 250 mg/kg group, 500 mg/kg group, GDM group and normal pregnancy group (n=10). Ophiopogon-polysaccharide was given by intragastric administration for 14 days...
April 13, 2013: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23521341/corrective-role-of-eugenia-jambolana-on-testicular-impairment-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-male-albino-rat-an-approach-through-genomic-and-proteomic-study
#15
A Ghosh, K Jana, K M Ali, D De, K Chatterjee, D Ghosh
The present study was conducted to explore the effect of ethyl acetate fraction of hydro-methanolic (40 : 60) extract of seed of Eugenia jambolana on testicular impairment in diabetic rats. In this respect, biomarkers of oxidative stress, genomics and proteomics in testicular tissue were assessed. Side by side, glycated haemoglobin, serum testosterone, activities of glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase and glutamate pyruvate transaminase in serum, epididymal sperm count including reproductive organosomatic indices were evaluated...
April 2014: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23474666/fev6-assessment-in-spirometric-abnormalities-screening-the-first-population-based-study-in-italian-pharmacies
#16
P Solidoro, F Braido, F Baratta, D Bagnasco, R Esposito, M Aggeri, P Brusa
Aim: In recent years, the FEV1/FEV in six seconds ratio has been proposed and validated as a parameter for screening of airways obstruction and restriction. In this context an electronic spirometry screening of pharmacy customers could lead to significant benefits such as improving the appropriateness of diagnostic test prescription and facilitating the early diagnosis of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: Customers of 500 pharmacies in the italian Piemonte region were proposed to test their ventilatory function by an electronic spirometer, PiKo-6®, to find out probably obstruction (pO) and probably restriction (pR)...
March 2013: Panminerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23434274/astragaloside-iv-ameliorates-renal-injury-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats-through-inhibiting-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mediated-inflammatory-genes-expression
#17
Dingkun Gui, Jianhua Huang, Yongping Guo, Jianguo Chen, Yifang Chen, Wenzhen Xiao, Xusheng Liu, Niansong Wang
Accumulating evidence suggests that inflammatory processes are involved in the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, there are no effective interventions for inflammation in the diabetic kidneys. Here, we tested the hypothesis that Astragaloside IV(AS-IV), a novel saponin purified from Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch) Bge, ameliorates DN in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats through anti-inflammatory mechanisms. Diabetes was induced with STZ (65 mg/kg) by intraperitoneal injection in rats...
March 2013: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23249664/adiponectin-diabetes-and-ischemic-heart-failure-a-challenging-relationship
#18
Samuele Baldasseroni, Alessandro Antenore, Claudia Di Serio, Francesco Orso, Giuseppe Lonetto, Nadia Bartoli, Alice Foschini, Andrea Marella, Alessandra Pratesi, Salvatore Scarantino, Stefano Fumagalli, Matteo Monami, Edoardo Mannucci, Niccolò Marchionni, Francesca Tarantini
BACKGROUND: Several peptides, named adipokines, are produced by the adipose tissue. Among those, adiponectin (AD) is the most abundant. AD promotes peripheral insulin sensitivity, inhibits liver gluconeogenesis and displays anti-atherogenic and anti-inflammatory properties. Lower levels of AD are related to a higher risk of myocardial infarction and a worse prognosis in patients with coronary artery disease. However, despite a favorable clinical profile, AD increases in relation to worsening heart failure (HF); in this context, higher adiponectinemia is reliably related to poor prognosis...
2012: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23153517/medicinal-property-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-several-jatropha-species-euphorbiaceae-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Carla W Sabandar, Norizan Ahmat, Faridahanim Mohd Jaafar, I Sahidin
The genus Jatropha (Euphorbiaceae) comprises of about 170 species of woody trees, shrubs, subshrubs or herbs in the seasonally dry tropics of the Old and the New World. They are used in medicinal folklore to cure various diseases of 80% of the human population in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Species from this genus have been popular to cure stomachache, toothache, swelling, inflammation, leprosy, dysentery, dyscrasia, vertigo, anemia, diabetis, as well as to treat HIV and tumor, opthalmia, ringworm, ulcers, malaria, skin diseases, bronchitis, asthma and as an aphrodisiac...
January 2013: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23056144/hypoglycemic-activity-of-aqueous-extracts-from-catharanthus-roseus
#20
Elisa Vega-Ávila, José Luis Cano-Velasco, Francisco J Alarcón-Aguilar, María Del Carmen Fajardo Ortíz, Julio César Almanza-Pérez, Rubén Román-Ramos
Introduction. Catharanthus roseus (L.) is used in some countries to treat diabetes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the hypoglycemic activity of extracts from the flower, leaf, stem, and root in normal and alloxan-induced diabetic mice. Methods. Roots, leaves, flowers, and stems were separated to obtain organic and aqueous extracts. The blood glucose lowering activity of these extracts was determinate in healthy and alloxan-induced (75 mg/Kg) diabetic mice, after intraperitoneal administration (250 mg/Kg body weight)...
2012: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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