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Vaccines and cardiovascular disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463465/dendritic-cell-targeting-dna-based-nasal-adjuvants-for-protective-mucosal-immunity-to-streptococcus-pneumoniae
#1
REVIEW
Kosuke Kataoka, Yoshiko Fukuyama, David E Briles, Tatsuro Miyake, Kohtaro Fujihashi
In order to develop safe vaccines for effective mucosal immunity to major pulmonary bacterial infections, one must consider appropriate vaccine antigens (Ags), delivery systems and nontoxic molecular adjuvants. Such vaccine constructs can induce Ag-specific immune responses which provide effective protection from mucosal infections. In particular, it has been shown that adjuvant-based mucosal vaccine preparations are relatively easy to construct by simply mixing the adjuvant with the bacterial Ag, and the resulting vaccine can elicit protective immunity...
May 2, 2017: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440668/tweeting-influenza-vaccine-to-cardiovascular-health-community
#2
Chayakrit Krittanawong, Anusith Tunhasiriwet, Sakkarin Chirapongsathorn, Takeshi Kitai
Globally, among infectious diseases, influenza is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Individuals with chronic conditions, including cardiovascular disease and diabetes, are particularly vulnerable to complications of an influenza infection. The European Society of Cardiology recommended annual influenza vaccinations for patients with cardiovascular disease. Numerous studies have suggested a link between influenza and increased risk of cardiovascular events. Despite its proven benefits, little is known about the reason for the underutilization of influenza vaccination...
April 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431845/infection-prevention-and-control-and-the-refugee-population-experiences-from-the-university-of-louisville-global-health-center
#3
Ruth M Carrico, Linda Goss, Timothy L Wiemken, Rahel S Bosson, Paula Peyrani, William A Mattingly, Allison Pauly, Rebecca A Ford, Stanley Kotey, Julio A Ramirez
BACKGROUND: During 2016, approximately 140,000 individuals entered the United States as part of the federal government refugee resettlement program and established themselves in communities in virtually every state. No national database regarding refugee health currently exists; therefore, little is known about existing infectious diseases, conditions, and cultural practices that impact successful acculturation. The objective of this report is to identify what is currently known about refugees and circumstances important to infection prevention and control with respect to their roles as new community members, employees, and consumers of health care...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427844/cost-effectiveness-of-influenza-vaccination-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-korea
#4
Jinuk Suh, Boyeon Kim, Yunseok Yang, Dong-Churl Suh, Eunyoung Kim
BACKGROUND: Influenza can cause cardiovascular abnormalities by inappropriately activating the coagulation cascade. Therefore, influenza vaccination is important because it decreases the risk of hospitalization for and mortality associated with heart disease. In particular, it reduces the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. Our study aimed to estimate the disease burden of MACEs and its related direct and indirect costs in ACS patients...
April 17, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400080/design-of-therapeutic-vaccines-as-a-novel-antibody-therapy-for-cardiovascular-diseases
#5
REVIEW
Hironori Nakagami
Vaccines are primarily used worldwide as a preventive medicine for infectious diseases and have recently been applied to cancer. We and others have developed therapeutic vaccines designed for cardiovascular diseases that are notably different from previous vaccines. In the case of cancer vaccines, a specific protein in cancer cells is a target antigen, and the activation of cytotoxic T cells (CTL) is required to kill and remove the antigen-presenting cancer cells. Our therapeutic vaccines work against hypertension by targeting angiotensin II (Ang II) as the antigen, which is an endogenous hormone...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396185/from-lymphopoiesis-to-plasma-cells-differentiation-the-age-related-modifications-of-b-cell-compartment-are-influenced-by-inflamm-ageing
#6
REVIEW
Matteo Bulati, Calogero Caruso, Giuseppina Colonna-Romano
Ageing is a complex process characterized by a general decline in physiological functions with increasing morbidity and mortality. The most important aspect of ageing is the chronic inflammatory status, named "inflamm-ageing", strictly associated with the deterioration of the immune function, termed "immunosenescence". Both are causes of increased susceptibility of elderly to infectious diseases, cancer, dementia, cardiovascular diseases and autoimmunity, and of a decreased response to vaccination. It has been widely demonstrated that ageing has a strong impact on the remodelling of the B cell branch of immune system...
April 7, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348430/influenza-vaccination-for-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-events-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Marlys H LeBras, Arden R Barry
BACKGROUND: Influenza is a common respiratory infection that may cause complications, including cardiovascular events. Influenza illness has been shown to double the risk of myocardial infarction, with the highest risk among patients with established cardiovascular disease. Vaccination against influenza has been associated with reductions in myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular disease, and death. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence for influenza vaccination as a strategy to reduce cardiovascular events specifically in patients with established cardiovascular disease...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340138/a-life-without-worms
#8
Richard E Sanya, Gyaviira Nkurunungi, Irene Andia Biraro, Harriet Mpairwe, Alison M Elliott
Worms have co-evolved with humans over millions of years. To survive, they manipulate host systems by modulating immune responses so that they cause (in the majority of hosts) relatively subtle harm. Anthelminthic treatment has been promoted as a measure for averting worm specific pathology and to mitigate subtle morbidities which may include effects on anaemia, growth, cognitive function and economic activity. With our changing environment marked by rapid population growth, urbanisation, better hygiene practices and anthelminthic treatment, there has been a decline in worm infections and other infectious diseases and a rise in non-communicable diseases such as allergy, diabetes and cardiovascular disease...
March 18, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315129/influenza-vaccination-coverage-among-polish-patients-with-chronic-diseases
#9
Aneta Nitsch-Osuch, Izabella Gołębiak, Dorota Wyszkowska, Renata Rosińska, Lidia Kargul, Bożena Szuba, Piotr Tyszko, Lidia Brydak
Patients at a high-risk of severe influenza, because of their underlying health disorders, are recommended to receive a seasonal influenza vaccination. In Poland, influenza coverage rate in the general population is very low (3.4 %). However, there is little known about the coverage rate among high-risk patients. The aim of this study was to describe a general knowledge, perception, and influenza vaccination coverage rate among Polish patients with enhanced risk for influenza. We conducted a self-reported survey among 500 patients with chronic disorders: 120 pulmonary, 80 hemodialyzed, 100 thyroid cancer, and 200 cardiovascular patients...
March 18, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270112/a-meta-analysis-of-stroke-risk-following-herpes-zoster-infection
#10
Fawziah Marra, Jeremy Ruckenstein, Kathryn Richardson
BACKGROUND: The incidence of herpes zoster (HZ) is increasing and poses a significant health concern to aging populations. Several studies suggest an increased risk of stroke following zoster infection, but the results are conflicting. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine if stroke risk is increased following HZ infection. METHODS: A search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google scholar, Web of Science, CAB Direct, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Evidence Based Medicine Reviews was conducted for observational studies of adults with HZ infection that examined stroke and TIA risk from January 1, 1966 to May 31, 2016...
March 7, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261976/prevalence-of-co-morbidities-and-evaluation-of-their-monitoring-in-korean-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-comparison-with-the-results-of-an-international-cross-sectional-study-comora
#11
In Ah Choi, Sung Hwan Park, Hoon-Suk Cha, Won Park, Hyun Ah Kim, Dae-Hyun Yoo, Han Joo Baek, Seong Geun Lee, Yoon Jong Lee, Yong Bum Park, Seung-Cheol Shim, Ihsane Hmamouchi, Yeong Wook Song
AIM: We designed this study to evaluate the prevalence of comorbidities, their monitoring states and association with treatment medication in Korean rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients compared with patients from other countries. METHODS: We analyzed 1050 RA patients from 11 Korean centers and compared them with 3520 patients from 16 other countries using an international, cross-sectional study evaluating comorbidities of RA (COMORA) database. RESULTS: Annual evaluations of cardiovascular (CV) risk were less frequently performed in Korea (P = 0...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254833/yellow-fever-vaccine-associated-neurological-disease-a-suspicious-case
#12
Pedro Beirão, Patrícia Pereira, Andreia Nunes, Pedro Antunes
A 70-year-old man with known cardiovascular risk factors, presented with acute onset expression aphasia, agraphia, dyscalculia, right-left disorientation and finger agnosia, without fever or meningeal signs. Stroke was thought to be the cause, but cerebrovascular disease investigation was negative. Interviewing the family revealed he had undergone yellow fever vaccination 18 days before. Lumbar puncture revealed mild protein elevation. Cultural examinations, Coxiella burnetti, and neurotropic virus serologies were negative...
March 2, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161238/can-vaccinations-improve-heart%C3%A2-failure%C3%A2-outcomes-contemporary-data-and-future-directions
#13
REVIEW
Ankeet S Bhatt, Adam D DeVore, Adrian F Hernandez, Robert J Mentz
Heart failure (HF) is a chronic syndrome characterized by acute exacerbations. There is significant overlap between respiratory infections and exacerbation of underlying HF. Vaccination against respiratory infections in patients with HF could serve as a potential cost-effective intervention to improve patients' quality of life and clinical outcomes. The benefits of influenza vaccination in secondary prevention of ischemic heart disease have been previously studied. However, the evidence for influenza and pneumococcal vaccination specifically in the HF population is less well established...
March 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137624/incorporation-of-a-bi-functional-protein-fimh-enhances-the-immunoprotection-of-chitosan-pvp1-vaccine-against-coxsackievirus-b3-induced-myocarditis
#14
Xiangmei Fan, Yan Yue, Sidong Xiong
Viral myocarditis is a common clinical cardiovascular disease mainly induced by coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) with no effective therapeutic measures. Induction of efficient mucosal immune responses is very critical against CVB3-induced myocarditis. FimH is an Escherichia coli (E. coli)-derived protein, which possesses an M cell-targeting property and functions as a TLR4 agonist. In this study, we introduced the recombinant FimH protein, into our previously developed CVB3 mucosal vaccine chitosan (CS)-pVP1, aiming to provoke more efficient mucosal immune responses and immunoprotection against CVB3-induced myocarditis...
April 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134768/unexpectedly-higher-morbidity-and-mortality-of-hospitalized-elderly-patients-associated-with-rhinovirus-compared-with-influenza-virus-respiratory-tract-infection
#15
Ivan F N Hung, Anna Jinxia Zhang, Kelvin K W To, Jasper F W Chan, Shawn H S Zhu, Ricky Zhang, Tuen-Ching Chan, Kwok-Hung Chan, Kwok-Yung Yuen
Rhinovirus is a common cause of upper and lower respiratory tract infections in adults, especially among the elderly and immunocompromised. Nevertheless, its clinical characteristics and mortality risks have not been well described. A retrospective analysis on a prospective cohort was conducted in a single teaching hospital center over a one-year period. We compared adult patients hospitalized for pneumonia caused by rhinovirus infection with those hospitalized for influenza infection during the same period...
January 26, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131440/-epidemiology-and-pharmacoepidemiology-of-immune-thrombocytopenia
#16
G Moulis, M Lapeyre-Mestre, D Adoue, L Sailler
During the last decade, the development of large clinical and population-based cohorts led to new findings in the epidemiology and the pharmacoepidemiology of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). The incidence is estimated to 3-4 for 10(5) inhabitants/year, with a slight female predominance and peaks in children and patients after 60 years. The incidence rate is 9 for 10(5) inhabitants/year in males after 75 years. Variations across ethnic groups are discussed. In France, there is a North-South gradient and a peak of incidence during winter suggesting the role of viruses in ITP pathophysiology...
January 25, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120848/nanogel-based-nasal-ghrelin-vaccine-prevents-obesity
#17
T Azegami, Y Yuki, S Sawada, M Mejima, K Ishige, K Akiyoshi, H Itoh, H Kiyono
Obesity is associated with multiple comorbidities such as cardiovascular diseases and has a huge economic impact on the health-care system. However, the treatment of obesity remains insufficient in terms of efficacy, tolerability, and safety. Here we created a nasal vaccine against obesity for the first time. To avoid the injectable administration-caused pain and skin-related adverse event, we focused on the intranasal route of antigen delivery. We developed a vaccine antigen (ghrelin-PspA (pneumococcal surface protein A)), which is a recombinant fusion protein incorporating ghrelin, a hormone that stimulates food intake and decreases energy expenditure, and PspA, a candidate of pneumococcal vaccine as a carrier protein...
January 25, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052311/readapting-the-adaptive-immune-response-therapeutic-strategies-for-atherosclerosis
#18
REVIEW
Andrew P Sage, Ziad Mallat
Cardiovascular diseases remain a major global health issue, with the development of atherosclerosis as a major underlying cause. Our treatment of cardiovascular disease has improved greatly over the past three decades, but much remains to be done reduce disease burden. Current priorities include reducing atherosclerosis advancement to clinically significant stages and preventing plaque rupture or erosion. Inflammation and involvement of the adaptive immune system influences all these aspects and therefore is one focus for future therapeutic development...
January 4, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049587/response-to-active-hepatitis-b-vaccination-and-mortality-in-incident-dialysis-patients
#19
Emanuel Zitt, Hildegard Hafner-Giessauf, Birgitta Wimmer, Alexander Herr, Sabine Horn, Claudia Friedl, Hannelore Sprenger-Mähr, Reinhard Kramar, Alexander R Rosenkranz, Karl Lhotta
All patients with advanced chronic kidney disease or on renal replacement therapy should receive active hepatitis B vaccination. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to investigate the association between the immune response to hepatitis B vaccination and all-cause, cardiovascular or infection-related mortality in incident dialysis patients starting dialysis between 2001 and 2008 (n=426) in two Austrian dialysis centers. Vaccination response was defined as follows: absent anti-HBs antibody titer or a titer <10IU/L was classified as non-response, seroconversion (SC) was defined as a titer ⩾10IU/L, and seroprotection (SP) as a titer ⩾100IU/L...
February 1, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998044/primary-care-screening-and-management-of-comorbidity-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-ontario-canada
#20
Jessica Widdifield, Noah M Ivers, Sasha Bernatsky, R Liisa Jaakkimainen, Claire Bombardier, J Carter Thorne, Vandana Ahluwalia, J Michael Paterson, Jacqueline Young, Laura Wing, Karen Tu
OBJECTIVE: Quality measurement for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients has largely focused on care provided by rheumatologists. Our aim was to develop and assess quality measures related to the screening and management of comorbidity in RA patients in primary care. METHODS: We used the primary care Electronic Medical Record Administrative data Linked Database in Ontario, Canada. We harmonized Canadian general population and RA clinical recommendations to develop and assess screening, process, and outcome measures...
December 20, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
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