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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226273/acute-respiratory-infections-among-returning-hajj-pilgrims-jordan-2014
#1
Mohammad Mousa Al-Abdallat, Brian Rha, Sultan Alqasrawi, Daniel C Payne, Ibrahim Iblan, Alison M Binder, Aktham Haddadin, Mohannad Al Nsour, Tarek Alsanouri, Jawad Mofleh, Brett Whitaker, Stephen L Lindstrom, Suxiang Tong, Sami Sheikh Ali, Rebecca Moritz Dahl, LaShondra Berman, Jing Zhang, Dean D Erdman, Susan I Gerber
BACKGROUND: The emergence of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) has prompted enhanced surveillance for respiratory infections among pilgrims returning from the Hajj, one of the largest annual mass gatherings in the world. OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiology and etiologies of respiratory illnesses among pilgrims returning to Jordan after the 2014 Hajj. STUDY DESIGN: Surveillance for respiratory illness among pilgrims returning to Jordan after the 2014 Hajj was conducted at sentinel health care facilities using epidemiologic surveys and molecular diagnostic testing of upper respiratory specimens for multiple respiratory pathogens, including MERS-CoV...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219367/effectiveness-of-a-pharmacist-delivered-smoking-cessation-program-in-the-state-of-qatar-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Nadir Kheir, Ahmad Mohd Al Mulla, Rula Shami, Nadia Fanous, Ziyad R Mahfoud
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is one of the major preventable causes of death and diseases in Qatar. The study objective was to test the effect of a structured smoking cessation program delivered by trained pharmacists on smoking cessation rates in Qatar. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted in eight ambulatory pharmacies in Qatar. Eligible participants were smokers 18 years and older who smoked one or more cigarettes daily for 7 days, were motivated to quit, able to communicate in Arabic or English, and attend the program sessions...
February 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216182/-your-health-essential-for-your-hajj-muslim-pilgrims-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov-during-hajj-season
#3
Faten Alhomoud, Farah Alhomoud
BACKGROUND: Up to date, there have been no studies to evaluate pilgrims' knowledge, attitude and practices regarding MERS-CoV during the annual Hajj pilgrimage in order to see whether there is a need for these aspects to be improved. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted with a convenience sampling. Participants were pilgrims, aged over 18, and able to speak Arabic or English. A self-administered structured questionnaire was distributed during Hajj season in Mecca...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201840/clinical-response-to-dorsal-duct-drainage-via-the-minor-papilla-in-refractory-obstructing-chronic-calcific-pancreatitis
#4
Chang-Il Kwon, Mark A Gromski, Stuart Sherman, Ihab I El Hajj, Jeffrey J Easler, James Watkins, Lee McHenry, Glen A Lehman, Evan L Fogel
Background and study aims Complete stone removal from the main pancreatic duct might not be achieved in all patients with obstructive chronic calcific pancreatitis. We report our results for endoscopic dorsal pancreatic duct (DPD) bypass of obstructing stones in the ventral pancreatic duct (VPD). Patients and methods 16 patients with obstructive chronic calcific pancreatitis were treated with a DPD bypass. Clinical success was defined as significant pain relief and no hospital admissions for pain management during the ongoing treatment period...
February 15, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198548/phylogenetic-characterization-of-circulating-dengue-and-alkhumra-hemorrhagic-fever-viruses-in-western-saudi-arabia-and-lack-of-evidence-of-zika-virus-in-the-region-a-retrospective-study-2010-2015
#5
Moneerah S Al-Saeed, Sherif A El-Kafrawy, Suha A Farraj, Tagreed L Al-Subhi, Norah A Othman, Arwa Alsultan, Huda G Ben Helaby, Mustafa M Alshawdari, Ahmed M Hassan, Remi N Charrel, Esam I Azhar, Anwar M Hashem
Flaviviruses represent a global public health concern. They consist of ∼70 viruses with almost half of them causing human diseases with unspecified febrile illnesses. Cities in western Saudi Arabia are endemic for viruses (DENV) with sporadic infections due to Alkhumra hemorrhagic fever virus (AHFV). They also represent a major destination for travelers coming for annual religious pilgrimages (Hajj and Umrah) from all over the world. However, whether other flaviviruses are circulating is not known because of the limited number of surveillance studies...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191331/development-of-dual-taqman-based-one-step-rrt-pcr-assay-panel-for-rapid-and-accurate-diagnostic-test-of-mers-cov-a-novel-human-coronavirus-ahead-of-hajj-pilgrimage
#6
Mohammad Sadegh Hashemzadeh, Rahimeh Rasouli, Bentolhoda Zahraei, Morteza Izadi, Mahdi Tat, Seyed Hassan Saadat, Mohammad Najarasl, Behzad Khansari Nejad, Ruhollah Dorostkar
BACKGROUND: Coronaviruses (CoVs) are large ribonucleic acid (RNA) viruses causing primarily respiratory disease in humans. A novel human coronavirus, subsequently named middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), was first reported in Saudi Arabia in September of 2012. With increasing numbers of infections and deaths from MERS-CoV, development of a rapid and reliable kit was crucial to prevent further spread of MERS-CoV. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we present two real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) assays for in-house rapid and sensitive diagnostic testing of MERS-CoV, detecting the regions upstream of the envelope gene (upE) and open reading frame (ORF) 1b, respectively, for initial screening and final confirmation of MERS-CoV infection, as recommended by the world health organization (WHO)...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186371/gene-expression-and-epigenetic-aberrations-in-f1-placentas-fathered-by-obese-males
#7
Megan Mitchell, Reiner Strick, Pamela L Strissel, Ralf Dittrich, Nicole O McPherson, Michelle Lane, Galyna Pliushch, Ramya Potabattula, Thomas Haaf, Nady El Hajj
Gene expression and/or epigenetic deregulation may have consequences for sperm and blastocysts, as well as for the placenta, together potentially contributing to problems observed in offspring. We previously demonstrated specific perturbations of fertilization, blastocyst formation, implantation, as well as aberrant glucose metabolism and adiposity in offspring using a mouse model of paternal obesity. The current investigation analysed gene expression and methylation of specific CpG residues in F1 placentas of pregnancies fathered by obese and normal-weight male mice, using real-time PCR and bisulfite pyrosequencing...
February 10, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184365/mass-fatalities-in-hajj-in-2015
#8
EDITORIAL
Mohammad Ganjeh, Behzad Einollahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179986/-pseudomonas-saudimassiliensis-sp-nov-a-new-bacterial-species-isolated-from-air-samples-in-the-urban-environment-of-makkah-saudi-arabia
#9
E I Azhar, A Papadioti, F Bibi, A M Ashshi, D Raoult, E Angelakis
We report here the main characteristics of 'Pseudomonas saudimassiliensis' strain 12M76_air(T) (CSUR P1220), a new species of the Pseudomonas genus that was isolated from air samples in the city environment of Makkah, Saudi Arabia, during the pilgrim period of Hajj 2012.
March 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179985/-arthrobacter-saudimassiliensis-sp-nov-a-new-bacterial-species-isolated-from-air-samples-in-the-urban-environment-of-makkah-saudi-arabia
#10
A Papadioti, E I Azhar, F Bibi, A Jiman-Fatani, S M Aboushoushah, M Yasir, D Raoult, E Angelakis
We report here the main characteristics of 'Arthrobacter saudimassiliensis' strain 11W110_air(T) (CSUR P1223), a new species of the Arthrobacter genus that was isolated from air samples in the city environment of Makkah, Saudi Arabia, during the pilgrim period of Hajj 2012.
March 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179184/meningococcal-disease-during-the-hajj-and-umrah-mass-gatherings-a-c-w-y-may-be-covered-but-don-t-forget-the-b-and-x-factors
#11
EDITORIAL
Saber Yezli, Badriah Alotaibi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171595/paternal-age-effects-on-sperm-foxk1-and-kcna7-methylation-and-transmission-into-the-next-generation
#12
Stefanie Atsem, Juliane Reichenbach, Ramya Potabattula, Marcus Dittrich, Caroline Nava, Christel Depienne, Lena Böhm, Simone Rost, Thomas Hahn, Martin Schorsch, Thomas Haaf, Nady El Hajj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168409/worldwide-prevalence-and-incidence-of-osteoporotic-vertebral-fractures
#13
REVIEW
G Ballane, J A Cauley, M M Luckey, G El-Hajj Fuleihan
We investigated the prevalence and incidence of vertebral fractures worldwide. We used a systematic Medline search current to 2015 and updated as per authors' libraries. A total of 62 articles of fair to good quality and comparable methods for vertebral fracture identification were considered. The prevalence of morphometric vertebral fractures in European women is highest in Scandinavia (26%) and lowest in Eastern Europe (18%). Prevalence rates in North America (NA) for White women ≥50 are 20-24%, with a White/Black ratio of 1...
February 6, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164230/tobacco-related-education-in-schools-of-pharmacy-in-the-middle-east-a-multinational-cross-sectional-study
#14
Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Ahmed Awaisu, Rana Ahmed Saleh, Noora Mohammed Alhamad, Nadir Kheir, Rony Zeenny, Ahmed Fathelrahman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141586/molecular-epidemiology-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-salmonella-species-from-clinical-specimens-and-food-items-in-lebanon
#15
Sukayna M Fadlallah, Marwa Shehab, Katia Cheaito, Majd Saleh, Nada Ghosn, Walid Ammar, Rima El Hajj, Ghassan M Matar
INTRODUCTION: Foodborne illnesses can be due to a wide range of bacteria, one of the most common being Salmonella. In this study, PulseNet International was implemented in Lebanon to identify circulating pathogens at the species and strain levels, determine antimicrobial resistance, and link food sources and clinical cases during outbreaks. METHODOLOGY: Clinical and food Salmonella isolates received from the Epidemiological Surveillance Unit, Ministry of Public Health (ESUMOH) and the Lebanese Agriculture Research Institute (LARI) between 2011 and 2014 were identified to the species level using API 20E...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140784/the-prevalence-serogroup-distribution-and-risk-factors-of-meningococcal-carriage-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-turkey
#16
Rahmi Tuna Tekin, Ener Cagri Dinleyici, Mehmet Ceyhan, Adem Karbuz, Nuran Salman, Murat Sutçu, Zafer Kurugol, Yasemin Balliel, Melda Celik, Mustafa Hacimustafaoglu, Necdet Kuyucu, Meda Kondolot, Gülnar Sensoy, Ozge Metin, Soner Sertan Kara, Meltem Dinleyici, Omer Kılıç, Cihangul Bayhan, Venhar Gurbuz, Emre Aycan, Aygun Memedova, Arzu Karli, Gulçin Bozlu, Solmaz Celebi
The serogroup epidemiology of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD), which varies considerably by geographic region and immunization schedule, changes continuously. Meningococcal carriage data are crucial for assessing IMD epidemiology and designing f potential vaccination strategies. Meningococcal seroepidemiology in Turkey differs from that in other countries: serogroups W and B are the predominant strains for IMD during childhood, whereas no serogroup C cases were identified over the last 10 years and no adolescent peak for IMD was found...
January 31, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139655/a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-pancreas-cancer-in-2016-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Evan L Fogel, Safi Shahda, Kumar Sandrasegaran, John DeWitt, Jeffrey J Easler, David M Agarwal, Mackenzie Eagleson, Nicholas J Zyromski, Michael G House, Susannah Ellsworth, Ihab El Hajj, Bert H O'Neil, Attila Nakeeb, Stuart Sherman
In this article, we review our multidisciplinary approach for patients with pancreatic cancer. Specifically, we review the epidemiology, diagnosis and staging, biliary drainage techniques, selection of patients for surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and discuss other palliative interventions. The areas of active research investigation and where our knowledge is limited are emphasized.Am J Gastroenterol advance online publication, 31 January 2017; doi:10.1038/ajg.2016.610.
January 31, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131646/resource-impact-of-managing-suspected-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-patients-in-a-uk-teaching-hospital
#18
J Veater, N Wong, I Stephenson, H Kirk-Granger, L F Baxter, R Cannon, S Wilson, S Atabani, A Sahota, D Bell, M Wiselka, J W Tang
Clinical challenges exist in the management of hospitalized patients returning to the UK with potential Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, particularly with its clinical overlap with influenza, as demonstrated in this case-series and cost-analysis review of returning Hajj pilgrims. These patients were hospitalized with acute febrile respiratory illness, initially managed as potential MERS-CoV infections, but were eventually diagnosed with influenza. Additional costs were small, yet enhanced infection prevention measures created significant burdens on isolation rooms and staff time...
March 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128806/association-of-v249i-and-t280m-variants-of-fractalkine-receptor-cx3cr1-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-a-mexican-population-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
Rita A Gómez-Díaz, Jorge Gutiérrez, Alicia Contreras-Rodriguez, Adán Valladares-Salgado, Janet Tanus-Hajj, Rafael Mondragón-González, Juan O Talavera, María Aurora Mejía-Benitez, Jaime García-Mena, Miguel Cruz, Niels H Wacher
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of the V249I and T280M variants of CX3CR1 fractalkine gene with carotid intima-media thickness in Mexican subjects with and without type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We analyzed the V249I and T280M variants of the CX3CR1 receptor by TaqMan assays in 111 subjects with type 2 diabetes and 109 healthy controls. Hemoglobin A1c, glucose, and lipid profile were determined. RESULTS: A significant increase in carotid intima-media thickness was observed in type 2 diabetes patients (0...
January 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119783/-lysinibacillus-saudimassiliensis-sp-nov-a-new-bacterial-species-isolated-from-air-samples-in-the-urban-environment-of-makkah-saudi-arabia
#20
A Papadioti, E I Azhar, F Bibi, A Jiman-Fatani, S M Aboushoushah, M Yasir, D Raoult, E Angelakis
We report here the main characteristics of 'Lysinibacillus saudimassiliensis' strain 13S34_air(τ) (CSUR = P1222), a new species of the Lysinibacillus genus that was isolated from air samples in the city environment of Makkah, Saudi Arabia, during the pilgrim period of Hajj 2012.
March 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
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