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Existential suffering

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239195/who-is-the-scientist-subject-a-critique-of-the-neo-kantian-scientist-subject-in-lorraine-daston-and-peter-galison-s-objectivity
#1
REVIEW
Esha Shah
The main focus of this essay is to closely engage with the role of scientist-subjectivity in the making of objectivity in Lorraine Daston and Peter Galison's book Objectivity, and Daston's later and earlier works On Scientific Observation and The Moral Economy of Science. I have posited four challenges to the neo-Kantian and Foucauldian constructions of the co-implication of psychology and epistemology presented in these texts. Firstly, following Jacques Lacan's work, I have argued that the subject of science constituted by the mode of modern science suffers from paranoia...
2017: Minerva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230460/meditation-and-hypnosis-two-sides-of-the-same-coin
#2
Enrico Facco
Hypnosis and meditation, as a whole, form a heterogeneous complex of psychosomatic techniques able to control mind and body regulation. Hypnosis has been pragmatically used for limited therapeutic targets, while Eastern meditation has much wider philosophical and existential implications, aiming for a radical liberation from all illusions, attachments, suffering and pain. The available data on the history, phenomenology, and neuropsychology of hypnosis and meditation show several common features, such as the following: (a) induction based on focused attention; (b) capability to reach an intentional control of both biologic-somatic activities and conscious-unconscious processes;...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156592/symptom-burden-and-distress-in-patients-with-cancer-in-africa
#3
(no author information available yet)
255 Background: Cancer has become a significant public health problem in Africa but still most diagnoses are made late, Sitas et al (2006). The need for palliative care is significant due to the late contact with health care providers and the many symptoms they present with. No study has been undertaken to assess symptomatology for these patients in Africa. OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of symptoms in patients with cancer in an African setting. METHODS: Symptom studies from records of patients with cancer referred to the Palliative Care Services at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi in 6 months...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156526/integrating-contemplative-and-spiritual-care-in-outpatient-palliative-care-a-pilot-study
#4
Alex Beth Schapiro
247 Background: Spiritual support is associated with better outcomes in cancer care and at the end of life (1, 2). Consensus guidelines advocate for incorporating spiritual care in the provision of specialist level palliative care (3). Contemplative care practices and chaplaincy interventions have the potential for mitigating existential distress, cultivating prognostic awareness, and fostering spiritual approaches to grieving and coping with advanced cancer. We present the results of a pilot program demonstrating the feasibility and impact of integrating a contemplative care chaplain in an outpatient palliative care program in a culturally diverse patient population in a large, academic cancer center...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110028/surgical-ethical-and-psychosocial-considerations-in-human-head-transplantation
#5
REVIEW
Allen Furr, Mark A Hardy, Juan P Barret, John H Barker
Transplanting a head and brain is perhaps the final frontier of organ transplantation. The goal of body-to-head transplantation (BHT) is to sustain the life of individuals who suffer from terminal disease, but whose head and brain are healthy. Ideally BHT could provide a lifesaving treatment for several conditions where none currently exists. BHT is no ordinary experiment, to transfer a head to another body involves extraordinarily complex medical challenges as well as ethical and existential dilemmas that were previously confined to the imagination of writers of fiction...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032560/patients-experience-of-acute-unplanned-surgical-reoperation
#6
Maria Dillström, Kristofer Bjerså, My Engström
BACKGROUND: Undergoing surgery always involves various risks of complications, often depending on the type of surgery. Because of complications, a second surgical intervention, a reoperation, must occasionally be done, which in turn often causes an extended hospital stay, a longer recovery phase, greater suffering for the patient, and higher health care costs. Even though complications after general surgery are relatively common, little is known regarding patient experience of a reoperation...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920549/management-of-hypoglycemia-in-nondiabetic-palliative-care-patients-a-prognosis-based-approach
#7
REVIEW
Victor C Kok, Ping-Hsueh Lee
Hypoglycemia due to underlying terminal illness in nondiabetic end-of-life patients receiving palliative care has not been fully studied. For example, we do not have adequate information on the frequency of spontaneous hypoglycemia in patients as occurs during the different stages of palliative care. Depending on the case-mix nature of the palliative care ward, at least 2% of palliative care patients may develop hypoglycemia near the end of life when the remaining life expectancy counts down in days. As many as 25%-60% of these patients will neither have autonomic response nor have neuroglycopenic symptoms during a hypoglycemic episode...
2016: Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918693/existential-suffering-part-2-clinical-response-and-management-320
#8
Anthony Grech, Adam Marks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918681/existential-suffering-part-1-definition-and-diagnosis-319
#9
Anthony Grech, Adam Marks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898147/existentiell-kris-i-livets-slutskede-f%C3%A3-rst%C3%A3-rker-de-fysiska-symtomen-minskad-%C3%A3-ngest-och-k%C3%A3-nsla-av-gemenskap-kan-minska-upplevelsen-av-sm%C3%A3-rta
#10
Peter Strang
Existential anxiety might reinforce bodily symptoms All crises have existential elements, but the crisis will transform to a predominantly existential crisis, when the dying person is no longer shielded from stressful thoughts about death, meaninglessness, existential loneliness and unsolved guilt issues. The suffering is not merely on an existential level, as the connection between body and mind is strong and existential anxiety might reinforce bodily symptoms, e.g. pain. In this article, the influence of death anxiety and loneliness is discussed in relation to pain treatment in palliative care...
November 22, 2016: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737568/practitioners-use-of-shared-concepts-in-anthroposophic-pain-rehabilitation
#11
Susanne Andermo, Johanna Hök, Tobias Sundberg, Maria Arman
PURPOSE: To elucidate the meaning of anthroposophic practitioners' conceptualizations of caring for persons living with chronic pain. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with 15 practitioners working with rehabilitation of persons with chronic pain at an anthroposophic hospital in Sweden. The interviews were analyzed using a phenomenological hermeneutical method. FINDINGS: When practitioners discussed patient care, they used a shared language with particular concepts...
October 14, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651850/the-shift-in-existential-life-situations-of-adult-children-to-parents-with-dementia-relocated-to-nursing-homes
#12
Linda Høgsnes, Karl-Gustaf Norbergh, Ella Danielson, Christina Melin-Johansson
BACKGROUND: Previous research describes spouses and adult children of people with dementia as a homogeneous group using one term: family caregivers. Recent research shows that the needs and experiences of spouses and adult children differ, therefore they cannot be studied as a homogeneous group. AIMS: The aim of the study was to describe the shift in existential life situations of adult children of a parent with dementia relocated to nursing homes. DESIGN: This is a qualitative study with an interpretive approach...
2016: Open Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535397/palliative-care-in-lung-cancer
#13
Arvind M Shinde, Azadeh Dashti
Lung cancer is the most common cancer worldwide and is the leading cause of cancer death for both men and women in the USA. Symptom burden in patients with advanced lung cancer is very high and has a negative impact on their quality of life (QOL). Palliative care with its focus on the management of symptoms and addressing physical, psychosocial, spiritual, and existential suffering, as well as medically appropriate goal setting and open communication with patients and families, significantly adds to the quality of care received by advanced lung cancer patients...
2016: Cancer Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497018/a-review-of-palliative-sedation
#14
REVIEW
Barton Bobb
Palliative sedation has become a standard practice to treat refractory symptoms at end-of-life. Dyspnea and delirium are the two most commonly treated symptoms. The medications used in palliative sedation are usually benzodiazepines, barbiturates, antipsychotics, and/or anesthetics. Some ethical considerations remain, especially surrounding the use of palliative sedation in psychological distress and existential suffering.
September 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476188/the-experiential-paradoxes-of-pain
#15
Drew Leder
Pain is far more than an aversive sensation. Chronic pain, in particular, involves the sufferer in a complex experience filled with ambiguity and paradox. The tensions thereby established, the unknowns, pressures, and oscillations, form a significant part of the painfulness of pain. This paper uses a phenomenological method to examine nine such paradoxes. For example, pain can be both immediate sensation and mediated by complex interpretations. It is a certainty for the experiencer, yet highly uncertain in character...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462952/re-imagining-god-a-meditation-on-existential-suffering-at-the-end-of-life
#16
Glenn Meuche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460985/how-patients-and-clinicians-make-meaning-of-physical-suffering-in-mental-health-evaluations
#17
Nicholas J Carson, Arlene M Katz, Margarita Alegría
Clinicians in community mental health settings frequently evaluate individuals suffering from physical health problems. How patients make meaning of such "comorbidity" can affect mental health in ways that may be influenced by cultural expectations and by the responses of clinicians, with implications for delivering culturally sensitive care. A sample of 30 adult mental health intakes exemplifying physical illness assessment was identified from a larger study of patient-provider communication. The recordings of patient-provider interactions were coded using an information checklist containing 21 physical illness items...
October 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349375/abused-women-s-vulnerability-in-daily-life-and-in-contact-with-psychiatric-care-in-the-light-of-a-caring-science-perspective
#18
Karin Örmon, Ulrica Hörberg
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to deepen the understanding of abused women's vulnerability in relation to how the abuse and encounters with health care professionals affect life. A further aim is to highlight abused women's vulnerability with a caring science perspective. BACKGROUND: Experience of abuse has consequences for the mental health of women and girls. Abused women may experience health care as unsupportive, and as a result, often chose not to disclose their experiences of abuse...
June 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348824/communicating-concerns
#19
Martin Buijsen
The Dutch Euthanasia Act seems to be set in stone. Since it took effect in 2002, it has not seen any significant amendments. Recent developments, however, indicate that a major component of the act-the review procedure-is due for revision. The review practice of the regional euthanasia review committees-responsible for applying and interpreting the law-now also extends to instances of euthanasia and assisted suicide for special categories of patients: psychiatric patients, patients with early-stage dementia, and patients whose suffering is derived from a combination of medical and existential causes...
July 2016: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346543/reflecting-on-one-s-own-death-the-existential-questions-that-nurses-face-during-end-of-life-care
#20
Margareta Karlsson, Anne Kasén, Carola Wärnå-Furu
OBJECTIVE: When registered nurses care for patients at the end of life, they are often confronted with different issues related to suffering, dying, and death whether working in hospital or community care. Serious existential questions that challenge nurses' identities as human beings can arise as a result of these situations. The aim of our study was to describe and gain a deeper understanding of nurses' existential questions when caring for dying patients. METHOD: Focus-group interviews with registered nurses who shared similar experiences and backgrounds about experiences in end-of-life care were employed to gain a deeper understanding about this sensitive subject...
June 27, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
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