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risk noncardiac surgery

W Scott Beattie, Duminda N Wijeysundera, Matthew T V Chan, Philip J Peyton, Kate Leslie, Michael J Paech, Daniel I Sessler, Sophie Wallace, Paul S Myles, W Galagher, C Farrington, A Ditoro, S Baulch, S Sidiropoulos, R Bulach, D Bryant, E O'Loughlin, V Mitteregger, S Bolsin, C Osborne, R McRae, M Backstrom, R Cotter, S March, B Silbert, S Said, R Halliwell, J Cope, D Fahlbusch, D Crump, G Thompson, A Jefferies, M Reeves, N Buckley, T Tidy, T Schricker, R Lattermann, D Iannuzzi, J Carroll, M Jacka, C Bryden, N Badner, M W Y Tsang, B C P Cheng, A C M Fong, L C Y Chu, E G Y Koo, N Mohd, L E Ming, D Campbell, D McAllister, S Walker, S Olliff, R Kennedy, A Eldawlatly, T Alzahrani, N Chua, R Sneyd, H McMillan, I Parkinson, A Brennan, P Balaji, J Nightingale, G Kunst, M Dickinson, B Subramaniam, V Banner-Godspeed, J Liu, A Kurz, B Hesler, A Y Fu, C Egan, A N Fiffick, M T Hutcherson, A Turan, A Naylor, D Obal, E Cooke
BACKGROUND: Globally, >300 million patients have surgery annually, and ≤20% experience adverse postoperative events. We studied the impact of both cardiac and noncardiac adverse events on 1-year disability-free survival after noncardiac surgery. METHODS: We used the study cohort from the Evaluation of Nitrous oxide in Gas Mixture of Anesthesia (ENIGMA-II) trial, an international randomized trial of 6992 noncardiac surgical patients. All were ≥45 years of age and had moderate to high cardiac risk...
March 12, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Nathaniel R Smilowitz, Joshua A Beckman, Scott E Sherman, Jeffrey S Berger
BACKGROUND : Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a major cardiovascular complication of noncardiac surgery. We aimed to evaluate the frequency, causes, and outcomes of 30-day hospital readmission after perioperative AMI. METHODS : Patients who were diagnosed with AMI during hospitalization for major noncardiac surgery were identified using the 2014 US Nationwide Readmission Database. Rates, causes, and costs of 30-day readmissions after noncardiac surgery with and without perioperative AMI were identified...
March 10, 2018: Circulation
Jean Wong, Raviraj Raveendran, Junior Chuang, Zeev Friedman, Mandeep Singh, Jayadeep Patras, David T Wong, Frances Chung
BACKGROUND: Patients who smoke put themselves at increased risk for serious surgical complications, yet it is not currently routine practice to educate patients about the risk of complications due to smoking. Computer-based smoking cessation programs are increasingly being utilized in the general population and may overcome some of the barriers such as lack of time, knowledge, and training to provide interventions. Our objective was to develop and implement a patient e-learning program designed for surgical patients as part of a multifaceted program aimed at assisting them to quit smoking and to determine the factors cross-sectionally and longitudinally associated with abstinence...
March 5, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Karl M Richardson, Sharon T Shen, Deepak K Gupta, Quinn S Wells, Jesse M Ehrenfeld, Jonathan P Wanderer
The prognostic significance of the preoperative electrocardiogram (ECG), particularly intraventricular conduction delays (IVCDs), on postoperative outcomes among patients undergoing noncardiac surgery is uncertain. In a retrospective cohort, we evaluated the risk associated with preoperative IVCDs on in-hospital death and postoperative myocardial infarction (POMI). The 152,479 patients who underwent noncardiac surgery were categorized by preoperative electrocardiographic findings: normal (36.1%), left bundle branch block (LBBB, 1...
February 27, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Olga L Cortés, Karen Moreno, Paula Alvarado, Camilo Povea, Monique Lloyd, Rodolfo Dennis
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of physical inactivity and its associated factors in adult patients admitted to hospital for noncardiac surgery. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Five hundred able-bodied patients (age ≥45 years) admitted to hospital, also participants in the VISION study, were recruited before noncardiac surgery. The physical activity level (PAL) was assessed with the International Physical of Activity Questionnaire...
March 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
Yoshan Moodley
Background/aim: The relevance of HIV infection in perioperative renal risk stratification remains unclear. This research sought to investigate the impact of HIV infection, as well as other established preoperative risk factors for poor perioperative renal outcome (PPRO), in a population of 565,225 adult noncardiac surgery patients whose data were obtained from the 2009-2011 California State Inpatient Database. Materials and methods: HIV status, established preoperative risk factors, and the study outcome (PPRO) were determined with the Clinical Classification Software codes recorded for each patient...
February 23, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Shamir R Mehta, Kevin R Bainey, Warren J Cantor, Marie Lordkipanidzé, Guillaume Marquis-Gravel, Simon D Robinson, Matthew Sibbald, Derek Y So, Graham C Wong, Joseph G Abunassar, Margaret L Ackman, Alan D Bell, Raymond Cartier, James D Douketis, Patrick R Lawler, Michael S McMurtry, Jacob A Udell, Sean van Diepen, Subodh Verma, G B John Mancini, John A Cairns, Jean-François Tanguay
Antiplatelet therapy (APT) has become an important tool in the treatment and prevention of atherosclerotic events, particularly those associated with coronary artery disease. A large evidence base has evolved regarding the relationship between APT prescription in various clinical contexts and risk/benefit relationships. The Guidelines Committee of the Canadian Cardiovascular Society and Canadian Association of Interventional Cardiology publishes regular updates of its recommendations, taking into consideration the most recent clinical evidence...
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Daniel I McIsaac, Coralie A Wong, Gregory L Bryson, Carl van Walraven
BACKGROUND: Polypharmacy is increasingly prevalent in older patients and is associated with adverse events among medical patients. The impact of polypharmacy on outcomes after elective surgery is poorly described. The authors' objective was to measure the association of polypharmacy with survival, complications, and resource use among older patients undergoing elective surgery. METHODS: After registration (NCT03133182), the authors identified all individuals older than 65 yr old having their first elective noncardiac surgery in Ontario, Canada, between 2002 and 2014...
February 14, 2018: Anesthesiology
X K Zhang, Q Hu, Q H Chen, W X Wang
We evaluated the effect of continuous perfusion of esmolol on cardiovascular risk during curative laparoscopic surgery for gastrointestinal cancer in elderly patients. Sixty patients with gastrointestinal cancer, aged from 60 to 80 years, were divided into an esmolol group (ES, n = 30) and a control group (NS, n = 30). ES patients were treated with esmolol at a dose of 0.3 mg/kg 3 min before tracheal intubation, and received continuous perfusion of esmolol at a dose of 50 μg/kg/min during operation. In NS, esmolol was replaced by saline...
August 1, 2017: Die Pharmazie
Ashraf Fayad, Sasha Shillcutt, Massimiliano Meineri, Terrence D Ruddy, Mohammed Toseef Ansari
Intraoperative use of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has become commonplace in high-risk noncardiac surgeries but the balance of benefits and harms remains unclear. This systematic review investigated the comparative effectiveness and harms of intraoperative TEE in noncardiac surgery. We searched Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library from 1946 to March 2017. Two reviewers independently screened the literature for eligibility. Studies were assessed for the risk of selection bias, confounding, measurement bias, and reporting bias...
February 1, 2018: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Pauline Y Ng, Andrew K-Y Ng, Balachundhar Subramaniam, Sara M Burns, Fanny Herisson, Fanny P Timm, Cand Med, Maira I Rudolph, Cand Med, Flora Scheffenbichler, Cand Med, Sabine Friedrich, Cand Med, Timothy T Houle, Deepak L Bhatt, Matthias Eikermann
Importance: Perioperative stroke is a major complication for patients undergoing surgery. Patent foramen ovale (PFO) represents a possible anatomical link between venous thrombosis and stroke. Objective: To determine whether a preoperatively diagnosed PFO is associated with increased risk of perioperative ischemic stroke. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study from Massachusetts General Hospital and 2 affiliated community hospitals between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2015...
February 6, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Felix Neunhoeffer, Michael Hofbeck, Martin Ulrich Schuhmann, Jörg Fuchs, Christian Schlensak, Martin Esslinger, Ines Gerbig, Vanya Icheva, Ellen Heimberg, Matthias Kumpf, Jörg Michel
OBJECTIVE: Although infants following major surgery frequently require RBC transfusions, there is still controversy concerning the best definition for requirement of transfusion in the individual patient. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of RBC transfusion on cerebral oxygen metabolism in noncardiac and cardiac postsurgical infants. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Pediatric critical care unit of a tertiary referral center...
February 5, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
John M Costello, Michael C Mongé, Kevin D Hill, Sunghee Kim, Sara K Pasquali, Babatunde A Yerokun, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Carl L Backer, Mjaye L Mazwi, Marshall L Jacobs
BACKGROUND: After pediatric heart operations, we sought to determine the incidence of unplanned cardiac reinterventions during the same hospitalization, assess risk factors for these reinterventions, and explore associations between reinterventions and outcomes. We hypothesized that younger patients undergoing more complex operations would be at greater risk for unplanned cardiac reinterventions and that operative mortality and postoperative length of stay (PLOS) would be greater in patients who undergo reintervention than in those who do not...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
V G B Liem, S E Hoeks, F Grüne, K H J M Mol, F H I M Wesdorp, R J Stolker, F van Lier
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that postoperative troponin release is a strong and independent predictor of short-term mortality. However, evaluating elevated troponins in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is still controversial and is often disregarded. This study examines morbidity along with short- and long-term mortality risk associated with elevated high-sensitivity troponin T (hsTnT) in patients with different stages CKD undergoing noncardiac surgery. METHODS: This observational cohort comprised 3262 patients aged ≥60 yr who underwent noncardiac surgery...
January 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
F van Lier, F H I M Wesdorp, V G B Liem, J W Potters, F Grüne, H Boersma, R J Stolker, S E Hoeks
BACKGROUND: Myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery is common, although the exact pathophysiology is unknown. It is plausible that hypotension after surgery is relevant for the development of myocardial injury. The authors evaluated whether low mean arterial pressures (MAPs) after surgery are related to an increased incidence in postoperative cardiac-troponin elevation. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 2211 patients aged ≥60 yr, undergoing major or moderate noncardiac surgery in The Netherlands, was retrospectively analysed for the occurrence of postoperative cardiac-troponin elevation [high-sensitive troponin T (hsTnT) >14 ng L-1 ]...
January 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
A Rodriguez, N Guilera, A Mases, P Sierra, J C Oliva, C Colilles
BACKGROUND: Perioperative discontinuation of antiplatelet therapy (APT) in patients with coronary stents has been associated with major adverse cardiac events. Our aim was to analyse the perioperative management of APT in such patients and its relationship to the incidence of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and major bleeding events (MBE) in noncardiac surgery. METHODS: We completed a prospective multicentre observational study of patients with coronary stents undergoing noncardiac surgery in 11 hospitals in Spain...
January 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Caryl Hollmann, Nicole L Fernandes, Bruce M Biccard
BACKGROUND: The global rate of major noncardiac surgical procedures is increasing annually, and of those patients presenting for surgery, increasing numbers are taking either an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I) or an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB). The current recommendations of whether to continue or withhold ACE-I and ARB in the perioperative period are conflicting. Previous meta-analyses have linked preoperative ACE-I/ARB therapy to the increased incidence of postinduction hypotension; however, they have failed to correlate this with adverse patient outcomes...
January 29, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Aghigh Haidari, Feridoun Sabzi, Samsam Dabiri
Paraplegia is an exceedingly rare neurologic complication after off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCAB) surgery commonly caused by spinal cord ischemia (SCI). SCI is not a well unknown clinical phenomenon in the postoperative course. SCI has been reported after noncardiac surgery in otherwise healthy subjects in whom only one risks factor i.e. severe hypotension has been documented. SCI has also been reported as a rare complication among the other neurologic sequels of cardiac surgery. We report a case of paraplegia in a patient with metabolic syndrome and multiples risk factors after an OPCAB...
December 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
Michael J Jacka, Gordon Guyatt, Richard Mizera, Janet Van Vlymen, Dario Ponce de Leon, Thomas Schricker, Mohd Yani Bahari, Bonan Lv, Lalitha Afzal, Maria Pilar Plou García, Xinmin Wu, Lília Nigro Maia, Maribel Arrieta, Purnima Rao-Melacini, Philip J Devereaux
BACKGROUND: Perioperative β-blockade reduces the incidence of myocardial infarction but increases that of death, stroke, and hypotension. The elderly may experience few benefits but more harms associated with β-blockade due to a normal effect of aging, that of a reduced resting heart rate. The tested hypothesis was that the effect of perioperative β-blockade is more significant with increasing age. METHODS: To determine whether the effect of perioperative β-blockade on the primary composite event, clinically significant hypotension, myocardial infarction, stroke, and death varies with age, we interrogated data from the perioperative ischemia evaluation (POISE) study...
January 23, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Thomas F Whayne, Sibu P Saha
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Coronary artery event includes acute coronary syndrome (ACS), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Following such an event, risk of noncardiac surgery is increased. Of major concern is what can make this surgery safer? RECENT FINDINGS: High functional capacity improves cardiovascular (CV) risk; at least 4.0 metabolic equivalents (METs) on stress test are favorable. Risk scores can suggest need for further evaluation...
January 20, 2018: Current Cardiology Reports
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