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preop assessment

Mitsuru Takemoto, Louis Boissière, Jean-Marc Vital, Ferran Pellisé, Francisco Javier Sanchez Perez-Grueso, Frank Kleinstück, Emre R Acaroglu, Ahmet Alanay, Ibrahim Obeid
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association in ASD patients between spinopelvic sagittal parameters and health-related quality of life (HRQL), adjusted for demographic and surgical variables. METHODS: We constructed multiple linear regression models to investigate pre-operative (PreOp) and 6-month post-operative (PostOp) HRQL as assessed by the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), with sagittal parameters as independent variables adjusted for potential confounders, such as age, sex, body mass index, past spine surgery, types of surgical treatment, and complications...
November 18, 2016: European Spine Journal
Jordan W Swanson, Jacqueline A Haas, Brianne T Mitchell, Philip B Storm, Scott P Bartlett, Gregory G Heuer, Jesse A Taylor
There is no clear consensus for the optimal treatment of sagittal craniosynostosis; however, recent studies suggest that improved neurocognitive outcomes may be obtained when surgical intervention imparts active cranial expansion or remodeling and is performed before 6 months of age. The authors consider spring-mediated cranioplasty (SMC) to optimally address these imperatives, and this is an investigation of how helmet orthoses before or after SMC affect aesthetic outcomes.The authors retrospectively evaluated patients treated with SMC and adjunct helmeting for sagittal synostosis...
September 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
H M C Shantha Kumara, David Gaita, Hiromichi Miyagaki, Xiaohong Yan, Sonali Ac Hearth, Linda Njoh, Vesna Cekic, Richard L Whelan
AIM: To assess blood chitinase 3-like 1 (CHi3L1) levels for 2 mo after minimally invasive colorectal resection (MICR) for colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: CRC patients in an Institutional Review Board approved data/plasma bank who underwent elective MICR for whom preoperative (PreOp), early postoperative (PostOp), and 1 or more late PostOp samples [postoperative day (POD) 7-27] available were included. Plasma CHi3L1 levels (ng/mL) were determined in duplicate by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay...
August 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Mitsuru Yagi, Shinjiro Kaneko, Yoshiyuki Yato, Takashi Asazuma, Masafumi Machida
PURPOSE: Pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) is widely used to treat severe fixed sagittal imbalance. However, the effect of PSO on balance has not been fully documented. The aim of this study was to assess dynamic walking balance after PSO to treat fixed sagittal imbalance. METHODS: Gait and balance were assessed in 15 consecutive adult female patients who had been treated by PSO for a fixed sagittal imbalance and compare patients' preop and postop dynamic walking balance with that of 15 age- and gender-matched healthy volunteers (HV)...
August 2016: European Spine Journal
M G Huisman, G Veronese, R A Audisio, G Ugolini, I Montroni, G H de Bock, B L van Leeuwen
BACKGROUND: Nutritional status (NS), though frequently affected in onco-geriatric patients, is no standard part of a geriatric assessment. The aim of this study was to analyse the association between a preoperatively impaired NS and geriatric domain impairments and adverse postoperative outcomes in onco-geriatric surgical patients. METHODS: 309 patients ≥70 years undergoing surgery for solid tumours were prospectively recruited. Nine screening tools were preoperatively administered as part of a geriatric assessment...
July 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Karolien Verhoeven, Stephanie Peeters, Katrien Erven, Isabelle Kindts, Erik Van Limbergen, Hilde Janssen, Annouschka Laenen, Saskia Petillion, Caroline Weltens
PURPOSE: To determine whether the use of a preoperative (preop) computed tomography (CT) reduces (1) the clinical target volume boost (CTVboost) and (2) the interobserver variability (IOV) of the delineated CTVboost in breast radiation therapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In patients treated with breast-conserving therapy, 3 CT scans in treatment position were performed: (1) preop; (2) after surgery, prechemotherapy (postop); and (3) postchemotherapy (postchemo). Six radiation-oncologists delineated the tumor bed and CTVboost before and after fusion of the preop CT...
March 4, 2016: Practical Radiation Oncology
Michael C Liebensteiner, Franz Birkfellner, Martina Deibl, Christian Haid, Martin Krismer, Dietmar Dammerer
PURPOSE: Studies on driving safety after lumbar spinal procedures are rare. Previous studies solely reported on a) driving reaction time (DRT) after lumbar nerve root blocks, b) DRT after discectomy and c) preliminary DRT findings after lumbar fusion. METHODS: DRT was assessed with a driving simulator as described before. Measurements were done one day before surgery (preop DRT), one week after surgery (postop1 DRT), three months (postop2 DRT) and one year postoperatively (postop3 DRT)...
June 2016: International Orthopaedics
João Bernardo Sancio Rocha Rodrigues, Nathália Ambrozim Santos Saleme, José Lucas Batista, Igor Machado Cardoso, Charbel Jacob
OBJECTIVE: : To evaluate quality of life, using the SF-36, in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) who un-derwent surgery for deformity correction, comparing the results in the pre-and post-operative period. METHODS: : We evaluated 29 patients, 24 female, mean age 14.5 years, all patients had measurement of Cobb angle greater than 50º, and responded to the SF-36 questionnaire preope-ratively and on average two years after surgery. RESULTS: : There was improvement in all eight domains studied by the SF-36 after surgical treatment, with statistically significant improvement of the domains functional capacity physical aspects, pain and general state...
November 2015: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
Gokhan Demirkiran, Alexander A Theologis, Murat Pekmezci, Christopher Ames, Vedat Deviren
STUDY DESIGN: Case series. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate radiographic and clinical outcomes of adults with spinal deformity treated with multilevel anterior column releases (ACR). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pedicle subtraction osteotomy can be used effectively to correct spinal deformity; however, it is not without complications. ACR is an attractive alternative minimally invasive technique for spinal deformity correction, although few clinical reports on its clinical effectiveness exist...
May 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
Ming-Fa Liu, Yong-Yang Hu, Tao Jin, Ke Xu, Shao-Hong Wang, Guang-Zhou Du, Bing-Li Wu, Li-Yan Li, Li-Yan Xu, En-Min Li, Hai-Xiong Xu
Matrix metalloproteinase-9/neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (MMP-9/NGAL) complex activity is elevated in brain tumors and may serve as a molecular marker for brain tumors. However, the relationship between MMP-9/NGAL activity in brain tumors and patient prognosis and treatment response remains unclear. Here, we compared the clinical characteristics of glioma patients with the MMP-9/NGAL activity measured in their respective tumor and urine samples. Using gelatin zymography assays, we found that MMP-9/NGAL activity was significantly increased in tumor tissues (TT) and preoperative urine samples (Preop-1d urine)...
2015: Disease Markers
Jerry G Blaivas, Johnson F Tsui, Gabriel Mekel, Matthew S Benedon, Belinda Li, Fara M Friedman, James M Weinberger, Jeremy Weedon, Jeffrey P Weiss
INTRODUCTION: To develop and validate a lower urinary tract symptom score (LUTSS) as a measure of lower urinary tract symptom (LUTS) severity and a treatment outcome tool in adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An expert panel was convened to develop the LUTSS questionnaire. Content validity was achieved by obtaining subject and expert feedback from two prospective drafts. Subjects were divided into three groups: normal, LUTS and overactive bladder (OAB). Questionnaire was administered on two separate occasions within 1-2 weeks...
October 2015: Canadian Journal of Urology
Donald G Keamy, Karan R Chhabra, Christopher J Hartnick
OBJECTIVE: To identify pre-operative risk factors predicting complications following adenotonsillectomy in children with severe OSA. METHODS: Retrospective chart review in an academic tertiary care center. Children with symptoms of OSA with overnight polysomnography (PSG) revealing apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) >10, who underwent adenotonsillectomy with overnight postoperative observation between 2008 and 2012. Univariate logistic regression was used to assess odds ratio (OR) of individual risk factors versus postoperative complications such as overnight desaturations <90%, length of stay (LOS)>24 h, supplemental oxygen requirement, and transfer to a higher level of care...
November 2015: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Angela María Magali Sanchez, Natalia Pampillón, Mariela Abaurre, Pablo Esteban Omelanczuk
INTRODUCTION: chronic inflammation induced by obesity alters iron homeostasis leading to mild /moderate iron deficiency and anaemia. Between 14% and 43% of patients may suffer from iron deficiency without anaemia before surgery. The management of peri-operative iron deficiency improves patient outcome and quality of life. Under certain circumstances intravenous (IV) iron must be considered. IV iron (which may avoid iron blockage in enterocytes and macrophages) has turned out to be a safe and efficient alternative...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
A Wiedemann, R Maykan, J Pennekamp, H Heppner
OBJECTIVE: Detection of changes in cognition after transurethral resection (TURP) or 180-Watt green-light XPS laser treatment (GLL) of the prostate is required by the German "Krankenhausbedarfsplan" which demands an interdisciplinary dialogue including special aspects of the operating discipline. This has as yet not been investigated in Germany or in Europe. METHODS: Assessments of the cognitive capacity were made by application of the "Mini Mental State Examination" and the "Uhrentest" preoperatively and on postoperative day 2 in addition to documentation of clinical parameters such as patient age, prostate size, duration of surgery, comorbidities, co-medication, changes in haemoglobin and sodium...
February 2016: Aktuelle Urologie
Kristina Flicek, Awais Ashfaq, C Dan Johnson, Christine Menias, Sanjay Bagaria, Nabil Wasif
INTRODUCTION: Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) and peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) arises from primary or secondary peritoneal cancer and can be treated with complete surgical removal of disease. Suitability for surgery is based on a peritoneal cancer index (PCI), with a PCI ≥ 20 representing unresectable disease. AIMS: Compare preoperative imaging with surgical findings based on PCI. METHODS: All cases of patients with PMP and PC undergoing cytoreductive surgery ± hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) between 2010 and 2014 were included...
February 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Tomohiro Hikata, Kota Watanabe, Nobuyuki Fujita, Akio Iwanami, Naobumi Hosogane, Ken Ishii, Masaya Nakamura, Yoshiaki Toyama, Morio Matsumoto
OBJECT: The object of this study was to investigate correlations between sagittal spinopelvic alignment and improvements in clinical and quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes after lumbar decompression surgery for lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LCS) without coronal imbalance. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed data from consecutive patients treated for LCS with decompression surgery in the period from 2009 through 2011. They examined correlations between preoperative or postoperative sagittal vertical axis (SVA) and radiological parameters, clinical outcomes, and health-related (HR)QOL scores in patients divided according to SVA...
October 2015: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
George J S Kallingal, Joel M Weinberg, Isildinha M Reis, Avinash Nehra, Manjeri A Venkatachalam, Dipen J Parekh
OBJECTIVE: To assess the 1-year renal functional changes in patients undergoing partial nephrectomy with intra-operative renal biopsies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 40 patients with a single renal mass deemed fit for a partial nephrectomy were recruited prospectively between January 2009 and October 2010. We performed renal biopsies of normal renal parenchyma and collected serum markers before, during and after surgically induced renal clamp ischaemia during the partial nephrectomy...
May 2016: BJU International
Peter G Passias, Alexandra Soroceanu, Justin Scheer, Sun Yang, Anthony Boniello, Justin S Smith, Themistocles Protopsaltis, Han J Kim, Frank Schwab, Munish Gupta, Eric Klineberg, Gregory Mundis, Renaud Lafage, Robert Hart, Christopher Shaffrey, Virginie Lafage, Christopher Ames
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Cervical deformity (CD) is prevalent among patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD). The effect of baseline cervical alignment on achieving optimal thoracolumbar alignment in ASD surgery is unclear. PURPOSE: This study assesses the relationship between preoperative (preop) cervical spinal parameters and global alignment after thoracolumbar ASD surgery at 2-year follow-up. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: This study is a retrospective review of a multicenter, prospective database...
August 1, 2015: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Charles Scott Hultman, Ida Janelle Wagner
INTRODUCTION: Professionalism is now recognized as a core competency of surgical education and is required for certification and licensure. However, best teaching methods remain elusive, because (1) ethical standards are not absolute, and (2) learning and teaching styles vary considerably-both of which are influenced by cultural and generational forces. We sought to compare attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors in fourth year medical students, compared to surgeons in training and practice, focusing on issues related to professionalism in plastic surgery...
June 2015: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Akira Tsunoda, Tomoyuki Ohta, Yoshiyuki Kiyasu, Hiroshi Kusanagi
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic ventral rectopexy can relieve symptoms of obstructed defecation and fecal incontinence in patients with rectoanal intussusception. However, pelvic floor imaging after surgery has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to assess the outcome of patients who underwent laparoscopic ventral rectopexy for rectoanal intussusception, with special reference to the postoperative findings on evacuation proctography. DESIGN: This study was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data...
April 2015: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
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