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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067455/hyperbaric-oxygen-alleviates-the-activation-of-nlrp%C3%A2-3%C3%A2-inflammasomes-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Huihui Qian, Qinghe Li, Woda Shi
Growing evidence has demonstrated that the nucleotide‑binding oligomerization domain‑like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP‑3) inflammasome‑mediated inflammatory pathways have been involved in the secondary injury of traumatic brain injury (TBI). In the present study, the authors investigated the effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy on the NLRP‑3 inflammasome pathway following TBI. Following the evaluation of motor deficits and brain edema, the therapeutic effects of HBO on interleukin (IL)‑1β and IL‑18 expression were assessed, as well as NLRP‑3 inflammasome activation following TBI...
October 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031144/senegenin-exerts-anti-depression-effect-in-mice-induced-by-chronic-un-predictable-mild-stress-via-inhibition-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-regulating-nlrp3-signal-pathway
#2
Hongwei Li, Shiyi Lin, Tingting Qin, Hongyan Li, Zhanqiang Ma, Shiping Ma
Depressive disorder is a kind of affective disturbance disease. Emerging evidence has suggested that inflammation may contribute to the pathologic process of depressive disorder. Senegenin (SEN), a major bioactive constituent in Polygala tenuifolia Willd, has much bioactivity including anti-inflammatory and neuroprotection effects. However, the mechanism of its anti-depressant effect in mice remains unknown. This study aimed to explore the anti-depressant effects of SEN on behavioral changes and inflammatory responses in mice induced by chronic un-predictable mild stress (CUMS)...
October 11, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016824/nlrp3-inflammasome-contributes-to-lipopolysaccharide-induced-depressive-like-behaviors-via-indoleamine-2-3-dioxygenase-induction
#3
Seon-A Jeon, Eunju Lee, Inhwa Hwang, Boyoung Han, Sangjun Park, Seunghwan Son, Jungmin Yang, Sujeong Hong, Chul Hoon Kim, Junghyun Son, Je-Wook Yu
Background: Inflammation may play a significant role in the pathogenesis of depression, although the molecular target for the treatment of inflammation-mediated depressive symptoms remains to be elucidated. Recent studies have implicated the NLRP3 inflammasome in various psychiatric disorders, including depression. However, the underlying mechanism by which NLRP3 inflammasome activation mediates the progression of depressive-like behaviors remains poorly understood. Methods: We examined whether NLRP3 deficiency influenced depressive-like behaviors and cerebral inflammation following systemic administration of lipopolysaccharide in mice...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985759/role-of-microglial-amylin-receptors-in-mediating-beta-amyloid-a%C3%AE-induced-inflammation
#4
Wen Fu, Vlatka Vukojevic, Aarti Patel, Rania Soudy, David MacTavish, David Westaway, Kamaljit Kaur, Valeri Goncharuk, Jack Jhamandas
BACKGROUND: Neuroinflammation in the brain consequent to activation of microglia is viewed as an important component of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology. Amyloid beta (Aβ) protein is known to activate microglia and unleash an inflammatory cascade that eventually results in neuronal dysfunction and death. In this study, we sought to identify the presence of amylin receptors on human fetal and murine microglia and determine whether Aβ activation of the inflammasome complex and subsequent release of cytokines is mediated through these receptors...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984607/co-localization-of-glia-maturation-factor-with-nlrp3-inflammasome-and-autophagosome-markers-in-human-alzheimer-s-disease-brain
#5
Mohammad Ejaz Ahmed, Shankar Iyer, Ramasamy Thangavel, Duraisamy Kempuraj, Govindhasamy Pushpavathi Selvakumar, Sudhanshu P Raikwar, Smita Zaheer, Asgar Zaheer
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by the presence of intracellular neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) containing hyperphosphorylated tau, and the extracellular deposition of amyloid plaques (APs) with misfolded amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide. Glia maturation factor (GMF), a highly conserved pro-inflammatory protein, isolated and cloned in our laboratory, has been shown to activate glial cells leading to neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration in AD. We hypothesized that inflammatory reactions promoted by NLRP3-Caspase-1inflammasome pathway trigger dysfunction in autophagy and accumulation of Aβ which is amplified and regulated by GMF in AD...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977782/edaravone-attenuates-the-proinflammatory-response-in-amyloid-%C3%AE-treated-microglia-by-inhibiting-nlrp3-inflammasome-mediated-il-1%C3%AE-secretion
#6
Hong-Mei Wang, Ting Zhang, Jian-Kang Huang, Jing-Yan Xiang, Jing-Jiong Chen, Jian-Liang Fu, Yu-Wu Zhao
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Microglial activation is an important pathological feature in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), and amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides play a crucial role in microglial activation. In addition, edaravone (EDA) was recently shown to suppress oxidative stress and proinflammatory cytokine production in APPswePS1dE9 (APP/PS1) mice. However, the mechanism by which EDA inhibits the Aβ-induced proinflammatory response in microglia is poorly understood. METHODS: The mitochondrial membrane potential (∆ψm) was evaluated using JC-1 staining...
October 5, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956063/nrf2-are-pathway-inhibits-ros-induced-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-in-bv2-cells-after-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion
#7
Xiujian Xu, Liang Zhang, Xinchun Ye, Qi Hao, Tao Zhang, Guiyun Cui, Ming Yu
OBJECTIVE: Current therapies for ischemia/reperfusion are insufficient because of our poor understanding of the mechanisms of brain injury after ischemic stroke. As a vital component of the innate immune system, NLRP3 inflammasome contributes to ischemic brain injury; however, a detailed understanding of their molecular mechanisms is unknown. This study was designed to investigate the effect of nuclear factor E2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) on NLRP3 inflammasome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: BV2 microglial cells were pretreated with tert-butylhydroquinone or Nrf2 CRISPR plasmid before oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGDR) exposure...
September 27, 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936769/nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-in-a-transgenic-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-model
#8
Agnese Gugliandolo, Sabrina Giacoppo, Placido Bramanti, Emanuela Mazzon
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a disabling progressive disease characterized by the degeneration of motor neurons, leading to muscle atrophy and paralysis. The majority of cases are sporadic, but also a familiar form of ALS exists, and some genes causative of the pathology were found. In particular, mutations in superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) were found in 20% of familiar cases. It is known that neuroinflammation plays a pivotal role in several neurodegenerative disorders, including ALS. Inflammasomes are protein complexes that induce inflammation in response to various stimuli, involved also in neuroinflammation...
September 21, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928429/nrf2-ho-1-mediates-the-neuroprotective-effect-of-mangiferin-on-early-brain-injury-after-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-by-attenuating-mitochondria-related-apoptosis-and-neuroinflammation
#9
Zefeng Wang, Songxue Guo, Junxing Wang, Yuanyuan Shen, Jianmin Zhang, Qun Wu
Early brain injury (EBI) is involved in the process of cerebral tissue damage caused by subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and multiple mechanisms, such as apoptosis and inflammation, participate in its development. Mangiferin (MF), a natural C-glucoside xanthone, has been reported to exert beneficial effects against several types of organ injury by influencing various biological progresses. The current study aimed to investigate the potential of MF to protect against EBI following SAH via histological and biological assessments...
September 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912345/a-novel-bibenzyl-compound-20c-protects-mice-from-1-methyl-4-phenyl-1-2-3-6-tetrahydropyridine-probenecid-toxicity-by-regulating-the-%C3%AE-synuclein-related-inflammatory-response
#10
Qiu-Shuang Zhang, Yang Heng, Ying Chen, Piao Luo, Lu Wen, Zhao Zhang, Yu-He Yuan, Nai-Hong Chen
The novel bibenzyl compound 2-[4-hydroxy-3-(4- hydroxyphenyl) benzyl]-4-(4- hydroxyphenyl) phenol (20C) plays a neuroprotective role in vitro, but its effects in vivo have not yet been elucidated. In this study, we estimated the efficacy of 20C in vivo using a 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine/probenecid (MPTP/p) mouse model from behavior, dopamine, and neuron and then the possible mechanisms for these effects were further investigated. The experimental results showed that 20C improved behavioral deficits, attenuated dopamine depletion, reduced dopaminergic neuron loss, protected the blood-brain barrier (BBB) structure, ameliorated α-synuclein dysfunction, suppressed glial activation, and regulated both nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling and the NOD-like receptor protein (NLRP) 3 inflammasome pathway...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903766/fluoxetine-enhanced-autophagy-ameliorates-early-brain-injury-via-inhibition-of-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-following-subrachnoid-hemorrhage-in-rats
#11
Jian-Ru Li, Hang-Zhe Xu, Sheng Nie, Yu-Cong Peng, Lin-Feng Fan, Zhi-Jiang Wang, Cheng Wu, Feng Yan, Jing-Yin Chen, Chi Gu, Chun Wang, Jing-Sen Chen, Lin Wang, Gao Chen
BACKGROUND: The NLRP3 inflammasome is a multiprotein complex that regulates the innate immune inflammatory response by activating caspase-1 and subsequent IL-1β and IL-18. Fluoxetine has been shown to have the anti-inflammatory properties in many disease models. However, the effects and mechanisms of these effects of fluoxetine in early brain injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) have not been defined. METHODS: The SAH model was induced by an endovascular perforation in adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats weighing 300-320 g...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903492/editor-s-highlight-nlrp3-is-required-for-inflammatory-changes-and-nigral-cell-loss-resulting-from-chronic-intragastric-rotenone-exposure-in-mice
#12
Eileen M Martinez, Alison L Young, Yash R Patankar, Brent L Berwin, Li Wang, Katharine M von Herrmann, Jaclyn M Weier, Matthew C Havrda
Complex interactions between genetic and environmental factors are widely believed to underlie the incidence and progression of Parkinson's disease (PD). Rotenone is a naturally occurring metabolic toxin employed as an insecticide and piscicide identified as a risk factor for the development of PD in agricultural workers. The Nlrp3 inflammasome is an intracellular mediator that can initiate an inflammatory cascade in response to cellular stress. Reports by others indicating that NLRP3 expression was detectable in tissues obtained from Alzheimer's disease patients and that the PD-associated protein α-synuclein could activate inflammasomes in cultured glial cells, prompted us to test the prediction that Nlrp3 was required for the development of Parkinson's-like changes resulting from rotenone exposure in mice...
September 1, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888980/arctigenin-attenuates-ischemic-stroke-via-sirt1-dependent-inhibition-of-nlrp3-inflammasome
#13
Shimeng Zhang, Liangjun Jiang, Fengyuan Che, Yucheng Lu, Zhongxiang Xie, Hao Wang
Arctigenin (ARC), a phenylpropanoid dibenzylbutyrolactone lignan derived from Arctium lappa L, has been reported to protect against cerebral ischemia injury in rats, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. In this study, we investigated whether ARC ameliorated ischemic stroke by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome-derived neuroinflammation and whether SIRT1 signaling was involved in this process. ARC (20 mg/kg) or vehicle were intraperitoneally injected to Sprague-Dawley rats for 3 days before middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) surgery performed...
November 4, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868047/in-premature-newborns-intraventricular-hemorrhage-causes-cerebral-vasospasm-and-associated-neurodisability-via-heme-induced-inflammasome-mediated-interleukin-1-production-and-nitric-oxide-depletion
#14
Michael Eisenhut, Samyami Choudhury
BACKGROUND: Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) occurs in 60-70% of neonates weighing 500-750 g and 10-20% of those weighing 1,000-1,500 g. All forms of IVH have been associated with neurocognitive deficits. Both subarachnoid and IVHs have been associated with delayed vasospasm leading to neurological deficits. Pathways linking hemoglobin release from blood clots to vasospasm include heme-induced activation of inflammasomes releasing interleukin-1 (IL-1) that can cause calcium dependent and independent vasospasm...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866823/neuroprotective-effects-of-baicalein-on-acrolein-induced-neurotoxicity-in-the-nigrostriatal-dopaminergic-system-of-rat-brain
#15
Wei-Zhong Zhao, Hsiang-Tsui Wang, Hui-Ju Huang, Yu-Li Lo, Anya Maan-Yuh Lin
Elevated levels of acrolein, an α,β-unsaturated aldehyde are detected in the brain of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). In the present study, the neuroprotective effect of baicalein (a phenolic flavonoid in the dried root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi) on acrolein-induced neurodegeneration of nigrostriatal dopaminergic system was investigated using local infusion of acrolein in the substantia nigra (SN) of rat brain. Systemic administration of baicalein (30 mg/kg, i.p.) significantly attenuated acrolein-induced elevations in 4-hydroxy-2-noneal (a product of lipid peroxidation), N-(3-formyl-3,4-dehydropiperidino)lysine (a biomarker of acrolein-conjugated proteins), and heme-oxygenase-1 levels (a redox-regulated protein) in the infused SN, indicating that baicalein inhibited acrolein-induced oxidative stress and protein conjugation...
September 2, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836226/the-ketone-body-%C3%AE-hydroxybutyrate-does-not-inhibit-synuclein-mediated-inflammasome-activation-in-microglia
#16
Vandana Deora, Eduardo A Albornoz, Kevin Zhu, Trent M Woodruff, Richard Gordon
Parkinson's disease (PD) is recognized as the most common neurodegenerative movement disorder and results in debilitating motor deficits. The accumulation and spread of neurotoxic synuclein aggregates in the form of Lewy bodies is a key pathological feature of PD. Chronic activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome by protein aggregates is emerging as a major pathogenic mechanism in progressive neurodegenerative disorders and is considered an important therapeutic target. Recently the ketone body, β-hydroxy butyrate (BHB), was shown to efficiently inhibit the NLRP3 inflammasome in macrophages, and in vivo models of inflammatory disease...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology: the Official Journal of the Society on NeuroImmune Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830026/progesterone-therapy-induces-an-m1-to-m2-switch-in-microglia-phenotype-and-suppresses-nlrp3-inflammasome-in-a-cuprizone-induced-demyelination-mouse-model
#17
Roya Aryanpour, Parichehr Pasbakhsh, Kazem Zibara, Zeinab Namjoo, Fatemeh Beigi Boroujeni, Saeed Shahbeigi, Iraj Ragerdi Kashani, Cordian Beyer, Adib Zendehdel
Demyelination of the central nervous system (CNS) has been associated to reactive microglia in neurodegenerative disorders, such as multiple sclerosis (MS). The M1 microglia phenotype plays a pro-inflammatory role while M2 is involved in anti-inflammatory processes in the brain. In this study, CPZ-induced demyelination mouse model was used to investigate the effect of progesterone (PRO) therapy on microglia activation and neuro-inflammation. Results showed that progesterone therapy (CPZ+PRO) decreased neurological behavioral deficits, as demonstrated by significantly decreased escape latencies, in comparison to CPZ mice...
August 19, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821266/endogenous-hydrogen-sulphide-attenuates-nlrp3-inflammasome-mediated-neuroinflammation-by-suppressing-the-p2x7-receptor-after-intracerebral-haemorrhage-in-rats
#18
Hengli Zhao, Pengyu Pan, Yang Yang, Hongfei Ge, Weixiang Chen, Jie Qu, Jiantao Shi, Gaoyu Cui, Xin Liu, Hua Feng, Yujie Chen
BACKGROUND: Emerging studies have demonstrated the important physiological and pathophysiological roles of hydrogen sulphide (H2S) as a gasotransmitter for NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome-associated neuroinflammation in the central nervous system. However, the effects of H2S on neuroinflammation after intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH), especially on the NLRP3 inflammasome, remain unknown. METHODS: We employed a Sprague-Dawley rat of collagenase-induced ICH in the present study...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811681/osteopontin-impacts-west-nile-virus-pathogenesis-and-resistance-by-regulating-inflammasome-components-and-cell-death-in-the-central-nervous-system-at-early-time-points
#19
Nikki Bortell, Claudia Flynn, Bruno Conti, Howard S Fox, Maria Cecilia G Marcondes
Osteopontin (OPN) is a molecule that is common in central nervous system (CNS) pathologies, which participates in the activation, migration, and survival of inflammatory cells. However, the mechanisms by which OPN modulates inflammatory pathways are not clear. To understand the role of OPN in CNS viral infections, we used a lethal mouse model of West Nile virus (WNV), characterized by the injection of high doses of the Eg101 strain of WNV, causing the increase of OPN levels in the brain since early time points...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808190/cholesterol-crystal-embolization-following-plaque-rupture-a-systemic-disease-with-unusual-features
#20
Firas Ghanem, Deepthi Vodnala, Jagadeesh K Kalavakunta, Sridevi Durga, Noah Thormeier, Prem Subramaniyam, Scott Abela, George S Abela
Cholesterol crystal embolic (CCE) syndrome is often a clinically challenging condition that has a poor prognostic implication. It is a result of plaque rupture with release of cholesterol crystals into the circulation that embolize into various tissue organs. Plaque rupture seems to be triggered by an expanding necrotic core during cholesterol crystallization forming sharp tipped crystals that perforate and tear the fibrous cap. Embolizing cholesterol crystals then initiate both local and systemic inflammation that eventually lead to vascular fibrosis and obstruction causing symptoms that can mimic other vasculitic conditions...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
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