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Heat tolerance in trout

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859107/regional-diversity-reverses-the-negative-impacts-of-an-alien-predator-on-local-species-poor-communities
#1
Charlie J G Loewen, Rolf D Vinebrooke
Species diversity is often an implicit source of biological insurance for communities against the impacts of novel perturbations, such as the introduction of an invasive species. High environmental heterogeneity (e.g., a mountainous gradient) is expected to beget greater regional species diversity and variation in functional traits related to environmental tolerances. Thus, heterogeneous metacommunities are expected to provide more tolerant colonists that buffer stressed local communities in the absence of dispersal limitation...
October 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26476292/different-gene-expression-profiles-between-normal-and-thermally-selected-strains-of-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-as-revealed-by-comprehensive-transcriptome-analysis
#2
Engkong Tan, Shigeharu Kinoshita, Yutaka Suzuki, Toshinao Ineno, Koichi Tamaki, Akio Kera, Koji Muto, Takashi Yada, Shoji Kitamura, Shuichi Asakawa, Shugo Watabe
A high-temperature selected (HT) strain of rainbow trout was established from the Donaldson (DS) strain by traditional selective breeding in Japan. The aim of this study is to investigate genes related to upper temperature tolerance in this strain utilizing next generation sequencer (NGS), and to establish comprehensive and comparable datasets in brain, liver, muscle, heart and gill tissues between the HT and DS strains. After assembling, clustering and filtering, 242,530 contigs were obtained. Among them, 7624 transcripts had at least 10 counts in expression analysis in all tissues and used as references...
February 1, 2016: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26026045/recombinant-interleukin-1%C3%AE-dilates-steelhead-trout-coronary-microvessels-effect-of-temperature-and-role-of-the-endothelium-nitric-oxide-and-prostaglandins
#3
Isabel A S F Costa, Travis W Hein, Christopher J Secombes, A Kurt Gamperl
Interleukin (IL)-1β is associated with hypotension and cardiovascular collapse in mammals during heat stroke, and the mRNA expression of this pro-inflammatory cytokine increases dramatically in the blood of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) at high temperatures. These data suggest that release of IL-1β at high temperatures negatively impacts fish cardiovascular function and could be a primary determinant of upper thermal tolerance in this taxa. Thus, we measured the concentration-dependent response of isolated steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) coronary microvessels (<150 μm in diameter) to recombinant (r) IL-1β at two temperatures (10 and 20°C)...
July 2015: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24457918/intraspecific-variation-in-thermal-tolerance-and-acclimation-capacity-in-brook-trout-salvelinus-fontinalis-physiological-implications-for-climate-change
#4
Bradley C Stitt, Gary Burness, Kirsten A Burgomaster, Suzanne Currie, Jenni L McDermid, Chris C Wilson
Cold-water fishes are becoming increasingly vulnerable as changing thermal conditions threaten their future sustainability. Thermal stress and habitat loss from increasing water temperatures are expected to impact population viability, particularly for inland populations with limited adaptive resources. Although the long-term persistence of cold-adapted species will depend on their ability to cope with and adapt to changing thermal conditions, very little is known about the scope and variation of thermal tolerance within and among conspecific populations and evolutionary lineages...
January 2014: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24072804/acute-heat-tolerance-of-cardiac-excitation-in-the-brown-trout-salmo-trutta-fario
#5
Matti Vornanen, Jaakko Haverinen, Stuart Egginton
The upper thermal tolerance and mechanisms of heat-induced cardiac failure in the brown trout (Salmo trutta fario) was examined. The point above which ion channel function and sinoatrial contractility in vitro, and electrocardiogram (ECG) in vivo, started to fail (break point temperature, BPT) was determined by acute temperature increases. In general, electrical excitation of the heart was most sensitive to heat in the intact animal (electrocardiogram, ECG) and least sensitive in isolated cardiac myocytes (ion currents)...
January 15, 2014: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22542735/subcellular-differences-in-handling-cu-excess-in-three-freshwater-fish-species-contributes-greatly-to-their-differences-in-sensitivity-to-cu
#6
Marleen Eyckmans, Ronny Blust, Gudrun De Boeck
Since changes in metal distribution among tissues and subcellular fractions can provide insights in metal toxicity and tolerance, we investigated this partitioning of Cu in gill and liver tissue of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), common carp (Cyprinus carpio) and gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio). These fish species are known to differ in their sensitivity to Cu exposure with gibel carp being the most tolerant and rainbow trout the most sensitive. After an exposure to 50 μg/l (0.79 μM) Cu for 24h, 3 days, 1 week and 1 month, gills and liver of control and exposed fish were submitted to a differential centrifugation procedure...
August 15, 2012: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22031780/hormonal-modulation-of-the-heat-shock-response-insights-from-fish-with-divergent-cortisol-stress-responses
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Sacha LeBlanc, Erik Höglund, Kathleen M Gilmour, Suzanne Currie
Acute temperature stress in animals results in increases in heat shock proteins (HSPs) and stress hormones. There is evidence that stress hormones influence the magnitude of the heat shock response; however, their role is equivocal. To determine whether and how stress hormones may affect the heat shock response, we capitalized on two lines of rainbow trout specifically bred for their high (HR) and low (LR) cortisol response to stress. We predicted that LR fish, with a low cortisol but high catecholamine response to stress, would induce higher levels of HSPs after acute heat stress than HR trout...
January 1, 2012: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21525319/chronic-social-stress-impairs-thermal-tolerance-in-the-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#8
Sacha LeBlanc, Stephen Middleton, Kathleen M Gilmour, Suzanne Currie
When faced with limited resources, juvenile salmonid fish form dominance hierarchies that result in social stress for socially subordinate individuals. Social stress, in turn, can have consequences for the ability of the fish to respond to additional stressors such as pathogens or exposure to pollutants. In the present study, the possibility that social stress affects the ability of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to tolerate acute increases in water temperature was investigated. To this end, we first evaluated physiological and cellular stress responses following a 1 h heat shock in juvenile fish in dominance hierarchies...
May 15, 2011: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21467159/identification-of-genes-associated-with-heat-tolerance-in-arctic-charr-exposed-to-acute-thermal-stress
#9
Nicole L Quinn, Colin R McGowan, Glenn A Cooper, Ben F Koop, William S Davidson
Arctic charr is an especially attractive aquaculture species given that it features the desirable tissue traits of other salmonids and is bred and grown at inland freshwater tank farms year round. It is of interest to develop upper temperature tolerant (UTT) strains of Arctic charr to increase the robustness of the species in the face of climate change and to enable production in more southern regions. We used a genomics approach that takes advantage of the well-studied Atlantic salmon genome to identify genes that are associated with UTT in Arctic charr...
June 15, 2011: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18378002/effects-of-ergosan-on-the-expression-of-cytokine-genes-in-the-liver-of-juvenile-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-exposed-to-enteric-red-mouth-vaccine
#10
Giorgia Gioacchini, Patrick Smith, Oliana Carnevali
The effects of administration of the immunomodulator Ergosan, an algal extract containing alginic acid, in juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) exposed to AquaVac vaccination, were tested. Juveniles treated with Ergosan, 95 days after the beginning of first solid feeding and control fish fed solely on commercial diet, were vaccinated by immersion in AquaVac solution. The time-course of the effects of vaccination on liver immunorelated gene modulation and on the tolerance to stress manipulation connected with the vaccination was investigated...
June 15, 2008: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18230136/interpopulation-differences-in-expression-of-candidate-genes-for-salinity-tolerance-in-winter-migrating-anadromous-brown-trout-salmo-trutta-l
#11
Peter F Larsen, Einar E Nielsen, Anders Koed, Dennis S Thomsen, Pål A Olsvik, Volker Loeschcke
BACKGROUND: Winter migration of immature brown trout (Salmo trutta) into freshwater rivers has been hypothesized to result from physiologically stressful combinations of high salinity and low temperature in the sea. RESULTS: We sampled brown trout from two Danish populations entering different saline conditions and quantified expression of the hsp70 and Na/K-ATPases alpha 1b genes following acclimation to freshwater and full-strength seawater at 2 degrees C and 10 degrees C...
2008: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16257553/food-deprivation-induces-hsp70-and-hsp90-protein-expression-in-larval-gilthead-sea-bream-and-rainbow-trout
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
J B Cara, N Aluru, F J Moyano, M M Vijayan
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) expression is commonly used as indicators of cellular stress in animals. However, very little is known about either the expression patterns of HSPs or their role in the stress-tolerance phenomenon in early life stages of fish. To this end, we examined the impact of food-deprivation (12 h), reduced oxygen levels (3.5 mg/L for 1 h) and heat shock (HS: +5 degrees C for 1 h) on HSP70 and HSP90 protein expression in early life stages of the gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata), a warm-water aquaculture species...
December 2005: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12713036/a-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-assay-for-analyzing-sulfonamide-antibacterials-in-cattle-and-fish-muscle-tissues
#13
Sara Bogialli, Roberta Curini, Antonio Di Corcia, Manuela Nazzari, Roberto Samperi
A simple and rapid method able to determine residues of 12 sulfonamide (SAs) antibacterials in cattle and trout muscle tissues is presented. This method is based on the matrix solid-phase dispersion technique with hot water as extractant followed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). The LC-MS instrumentation was equipped with an electrospray source and a single quadrupole. After 0.8 g of a flesh sample containing the analytes is deposited on sand (crystobalite), this material is packed into an extraction cell...
April 15, 2003: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9486301/beta-receptors-and-stress-protein-70-expression-in-hypoxic-myocardium-of-rainbow-trout-and-chinook-salmon
#14
A K Gamperl, M M Vijayan, C Pereira, A P Farrell
We examined the in vivo effect of acute hypoxemia on myocardial cell-surface (sarcolemmal) beta-adrenoreceptor density (Bmax) and binding affinity (KD) and on stress protein 70 (sp70) expression by exposing rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss; 2.1-2.7 kg) to hypoxic water (3 mg/l O2) at 15 degrees C for 6 h. This degree of hypoxia was the minimum O2 level that these trout could tolerate without losing equilibrium and struggling violently. Hypoxic exposure reduced arterial PO2 (PaO2) from 98 to 26 mmHg and arterial oxygen content (CaO2) from 10...
February 1998: American Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9318323/synthesis-of-stress-protein-70-hsp70-in-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-red-blood-cells
#15
Currie, Tufts
Unlike enucleated mammalian red blood cells (rbcs), the nucleated rbcs of lower vertebrates are capable of protein synthesis and may, therefore, serve as a valuable model to investigate the adaptive significance of stress protein synthesis in cells. This study examined the synthesis of stress protein 70 (Hsp70) in rbcs of the temperature-sensitive rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss in response to heat shock and anoxia. Through western blot analysis, we have demonstrated that rainbow trout rbcs synthesize Hsp70 both constitutively and in response to an increase in temperature...
1997: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/3220988/relationship-between-heat-shock-protein-synthesis-and-thermotolerance-in-rainbow-trout-fibroblasts
#16
D D Mosser, N C Bols
The role of heat-shock protein synthesis in the development of thermotolerance by rainbow trout fibroblasts was examined. During the first 6 h after being shifted from 22 degrees C to 28 degrees C, cells of the rainbow trout fibroblast line, RTG-2, rapidly synthesized the major heat-shock proteins (hsps), hsps 87, 70 and 27, and developed tolerance to 32 degrees C. After 24 h at 28 degrees C hsp synthesis was drastically reduced but thermotolerance was maintained. If these thermotolerant cells were shifted to 32 degrees C, hsp synthesis continued at a very low level, but if they were subsequently returned to 22 degrees C, synthesis of hsps 70 and 27 was induced again...
1988: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
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