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He Liu, Yue Gu, Tao Dong, Liuqing Yan, Xiaoyi Yan, Tingting Zhang, Nannan Lu, Zhiqian Xu, Haixin Xu, Zhiquan Zhang, Ting Bian
The combination of nanoparticles and biomarkers yields functional nanostructured biointerface, which is playing a notable role in biotechnology development. Due to the 5-fold twined structure in the Au-Pt star-shaped decahedra not only allowed it to act as efficient scaffold for immobilization of antibody, but it also exhibits superior electrocatalytic activity toward H2 O2 reduction, the nanocrystal as the efficient signal transduction label is first employed to construct an electrochemical immunosensor. Donor-π-Acceptor (D-π-A) linking fashion generates a dipolar push-pull system and assures superior intramolecular charge transfer...
March 13, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Mahsa Mazloomi-Rezvani, Mehdi Salami-Kalajahi, Hossein Roghani-Mamaqani
Different core-shell nanoparticles with Au as core and stimuli-responsive polymers such as poly(acrylic acid) (PAA), poly(methacrylic acid) (PMAA), poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm), poly(N,N'-methylenebis(acrylamide)) (PMBA), poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PHEMA) and poly((2-dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA) as shells were fabricated via inverse emulsion polymerization. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) was used to investigate particles sizes and particle size distributions and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was applied to observe the core-shell structure of Au-polymer nanoparticles...
March 13, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Anomitra Dey, Aditya Kamat, Sonal Nayak, Dganit Danino, Ellina Kesselman, Prajakta Dandekar, Ratnesh Jain
Researchers have explored the ability of chitosan to form nanoparticles, to suit varying applications, ranging from wound-healing to gene delivery. Ionic gelation is a widely used method for formulating chitosan nanoparticles, where self-assembly plays a crucial role. This self-assembly is initially promoted by hydrophilic-hydrophobic parity amongst individual chitosan residues, along with electrostatic and Van der Waals interactions with the cross-linker. However, until now the intrinsic ability of chitosan to self-assemble is not widely studied; hence, we investigate the self-assembly of chitosan, based on proton balance between its protonated and deprotonated residues, to promote facile nanoparticle synthesis...
March 14, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Tomasz Tański, Wiktor Matysiak
The purpose of this paper was to produce SiO₂ and TiO₂ nanowires via the electrospinning process from a polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)/Tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS)/Titanium (IV) butoxide (TNBT)/dimethylformamide (DMF) and ethanol (EtOH) solution. The as-obtained nanofibers were calcined at temperatures ranging from 400 °C to 600 °C in order to remove the organic phase. The one-dimensional ceramic nanostructures were studied using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and a transmission electron microscope (TEM) to analyze the influence of the used temperature on the morphology and structures of the obtained ceramic nanomaterials...
March 20, 2018: Nanomaterials
Marcin Procek, Kinga Kepska, Agnieszka Stolarczyk
The detection and concentration measurements of low concentrations of nitrogen dioxide (NO₂) are important because of its negative effects on human health and its application in many fields of industry and safety systems. In our approach, conducting graft copolymers based on the poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) conducting polymer and other side-chains, polyethylene glycol (PEG) and dodec-1-en, grafted on a poly(methylhydrosiloxane) backbone, were investigated. The grafts containing PEG (PEGSil) and dodec-1-en (DodecSil) in two variants, namely, fractions with shorter (hexane fraction -H) and longer (chloroform fraction -CH) side-chains of P3HT, were tested as receptor structures in NO₂ gas sensors...
March 20, 2018: Sensors
Catarina Brazão Farinha, Jorge de Brito, Rosário Veiga, J M Fernández, J R Jiménez, A R Esquinas
The production of waste has increased over the years and, lacking a recycle or recovery solution, it is forwarded to landfill. The incorporation of wastes in cement-based materials is a solution to reduce waste deposition. In this regard, some researchers have been studying the incorporation of wastes with different functions: aggregate, binder and addition. The incorporation of wastes should take advantage of their characteristics. It requires a judicious analysis of their particles. This research involves the analysis of seven industrial wastes: biomass ashes, glass fibre, reinforced polymer dust, sanitary ware, fluid catalytic cracking, acrylic fibre, textile fibre and glass fibre...
March 20, 2018: Materials
Arnaldo Leal-Junior, Anselmo Frizera-Neto, Carlos Marques, Maria José Pontes
This paper presents a system capable of measuring temperature and relative humidity with polymer optical fiber (POF) sensors. The sensors are based on variations of the Young's and shear moduli of the POF with variations in temperature and relative humidity. The system comprises two POFs, each with a predefined torsion stress that resulted in a variation in the fiber refractive index due to the stress-optic effect. Because there is a correlation between stress and material properties, the variation in temperature and humidity causes a variation in the fiber's stress, which leads to variations in the fiber refractive index...
March 20, 2018: Sensors
Jorge S Valera, Rafael Gómez, Luis Sánchez
The supramolecular polymerization of [5]helicenes 1 and 2 is investigated. The self-assembly of these helicenes proceeds by the operation of H-bonding interactions with a negligible participation of π-stacking. The enantiopurity of the sample has a dramatic effect on the supramolecular polymerization mechanism since it reverts the isodesmic mechanism for the racemic mixture to a cooperative one for the enantioenriched sample. Noticeably, the formation of supramolecular polymers efficiently increases the configurational stability of 1,14-unsubstituted [5]helicenes...
March 20, 2018: Organic Letters
Lukas Zeininger, Maggie He, Stephen T Hobson, Timothy M Swager
We report γ-ray dosimeters using carbon nanotubes wrapped with metastable poly(olefin sulfone)s (POSs) that readily depolymerize when exposed to ionizing radiation. New POSs, designed for wrapping single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), are synthesized and characterized. The resulting POS-SWCNT composites serve as the active transducer in a novel class of γ-ray dosimeters. In our devices, polymer degradation results in immediate changes in the electronic potential of the POS-SWCNT active layers by decreasing the electron tunneling barriers between individualized tubes and by creating enhanced cofacial π-π electron contacts...
March 20, 2018: ACS Sensors
Peitao Xiao, Fanxing Bu, Ranran Zhao, Mohamed F Aly Aboud, Imran Shakir, Yuxi Xu
Synthesis of ultrasmall metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) nanoparticles has been widely recognized as a promising route to greatly enhance their properties but remains a considerable challenge. Herein, we report one facile and effective spatial-confined thermal pulverization strategy to successfully transform bulk Co-MOFs particles into sub-5 nm nanocrystals encapsulated within N-doped carbon/graphene (NC/G) by using conducting polymer coated Co-MOFs/graphene oxide as precursors. This strategy involves a feasible mechanism: calcination of Co-MOFs at proper temperature in air induces the partial thermal collapse/distortion of the framework, while the uniform coating of conducting polymer can significantly improve the decomposition temperature and maintain the component stability of Co-MOFs, thus leading to the pulverization of bulk Co-MOFs particles into ultrasmall nanocrystals without oxidation...
March 20, 2018: ACS Nano
Agnieszka Wacławczyk, Lidia Postek-Stefańska, Daria Pietraszewska, Ewa Birkner, Jolanta Zalejska-Fiolka, Iwona Wysoczańska-Jankowicz
BACKGROUND: More than 35 substances released from composite fillings have been identified. Among these, basic monomers and the so-called co-monomers are most often reported. The substances released from polymer-based materials demonstrate allergenic, cytotoxic, genotoxic, mutagenic, embryotoxic, teratogenic, and estrogenic properties. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to measure the amounts of triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) and urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA) monomers released from composite dental fillings to citrate-phosphate buffer with the pH of 4, 6, 8 after 24 h and 6 months from the polymerization...
March 20, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Rashi I Mehta, Rupal I Mehta
Hydrophilic polymers are ubiquitously applied as surface coatings on catheters and intravascular medical technologies. Recent clinical literature has heightened awareness on the complication of hydrophilic polymer embolism, the phenomenon wherein polymer coating layers separate from catheter and device surfaces, and may be affiliated with a range of unanticipated adverse reactions. Significant system barriers have limited and delayed reporting on this iatrogenic complication, the full effects of which remain underrecognized by healthcare providers and manufacturers of various branded devices...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
Peddi Maharshi, Sachin Kumar Singh, Monica Gulati, Ankit Kumar Yadav, Varun Garg, Bimlesh Kumari, K Gowthamarajan
A major challenge in targeting orally administered drugs to colon is their passage through the long gastrointestinal path comprising highly variant conditions in terms of pH, viscosity, gut motility and microbial flora. Approaches of pH controlled release and microbially triggered release have proved to be successful in achieving colon targeting only to a partial extent. In an attempt to improve targeting, both these approaches have been combined together with the approach of liquisolid technology which, hitherto, remains unexplored for colon targeting...
March 19, 2018: Current Drug Delivery
Hyon-Min Song, Jeffrey I Zink
Seedless synthesis of Pd nanorods and their self-assembly into the layered smectic ordering is described. Aqueous Pluronic triblock copolymers (14.3% - 35.7%) are used as a soft template along with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) for inducing one-dimensional growth of Pd nanorods. Pluronic triblock copolymers are probably the most used polymer surfactants, and they are composed of PEO(polyethylene oxide)-PPO(polypropylene oxide)-PEO triblocks. Neither pH adjustment, nor AgNO3, nor other additives such as polyvinyl pyrolidone, and ethylene glycol are required to obtain Pd nanorods...
March 20, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Guangye Zhang, Jingbo Zhao, Philip C Y Chow, Kui Jiang, Jianquan Zhang, Zonglong Zhu, Jie Zhang, Fei Huang, He Yan
The bulk-heterojunction blend of an electron donor and an electron acceptor material is the key component in a solution-processed organic photovoltaic device. In the past decades, a p-type conjugated polymer and an n-type fullerene derivative have been the most commonly used electron donor and electron acceptor, respectively. While most advances of the device performance come from the design of new polymer donors, fullerene derivatives have almost been exclusively used as electron acceptors in organic photovoltaics...
March 20, 2018: Chemical Reviews
Hyun-Jeong Ryu, Seung-Ju Yang, Gee-Hyung Lee, Young-Dae Gong
A 2-amido benzo[d]imidazole library has been constructed on solid-phase synthesis. The key step of this solid-phase synthesis involves the preparation of polymer-bound 2-amino benzo[d]imidazole resin through desulfurative cyclization of thiourea resin by using DMC and DIPEA in DCM, and the resin is then functionalized by acylation at the 2-amine position, to afford 2-amido benzo[d]imidazole resin. In the case of 2-amido benzo[d]imidazole resin having p-I, and m-NO2, the resin was further functionalized by Suzuki/Sonogashira-coupling (p-I), and was reduced to primary amine (m-NO2), followed by acylation...
March 20, 2018: ACS Combinatorial Science
Alexandre Khaldi, Daniel Falk, Katarina Bengtsson, Ali Maziz, Daniel Filippini, Nathaniel D Robinson, Edwin W H Jager
There is a need for soft actuators in various biomedical applications in order to manipulate delicate objects such as cells and tissues. Soft actuators are able to adapt to any shape and limit the stress applied to delicate objects. Conjugated polymer actuators, especially in the so-called trilayer configuration, are interesting candidates for driving such micromanipulators. However, challenges involved in patterning the electrodes in a trilayer with individual contact have prevented further development of soft micromanipulators based on conjugated polymer actuators...
March 20, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Mert Vural, Adam Michael Behrens, Wonseok Hwang, Joseph J Ayoub, Dalton Chasser, Arthur von Wald Cresce, Robert M Briber, Peter Kofinas
Highly conductive elastic composites were constructed using multi-step solution based fabrication methods that included the deposition of a non-woven polymer fiber mat through solution blow spinning and nanoparticle nucleation. High nanoparticle loading was achieved by introducing silver nanoparticles into the fiber spinning solution. The presence of the silver nanoparticles facilitates improved uptake of silver nanoparticle precursor in subsequent processing steps. The precursor is used to generate a second nanoparticle population, leading to high loading and conductivity...
March 20, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yaw Opoku-Damoah, Assogba G Assanhou, Mopa A Sooro, Cynthia A Baduweh, Chunmeng Sun, Yang Ding
The circulation of tumor cells in peripheral blood is mostly recognized as a prerequisite for cancer progression or systemic invasion, and it correlates with the pivotal hallmark of malignancies known as metastasis. Multiple detection schemes for CTCs have emerged as the most discerning criteria for monitoring the outcome of anticancer therapy. Therefore, there has been a tremendous increase in the use of robust nanostructured platforms for observation of these mobile tumor cells through various simultaneous diagnosis and treatment regimens developed from conventional techniques...
March 20, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Muge Yucel, Osman Akin, Mehmet Cayoren, Ibrahim Akduman, Alagappan Palaniappan, Bo Liedberg, Gurkan Hizal, Fatih Inci, Umit Hakan Yildiz
This study reports on a handheld volatilome analyzer for selective determination of clinically relevant biomarkers in exhaled breath. The sensing platform is based on electrospun polymer nanofiber-multi walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) sensing micro-channels. Polymer nanofibers of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF), polystyrene (PS), and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) incorporated with MWCNT exhibits stable response to interferences of humidity and CO2 and provides selective deformations upon exposure of exhaled breath target volatilomes acetone and toluene, exhibiting correlation to diabetes and lung cancer, respectively...
March 20, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
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