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Critical care research forum

Raquel R Bartz, Dashiell Gantner, Anthony C Gordon, Aleksandra Leligdowicz, James J McNamee, Srinivas Murthy, Alistair Nichol, Steve Webb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Bradley D Stein, Alyce S Adams, David A Chambers
Sweeping changes in health care financing combined with the increased use of technology across health care systems are making it possible to address long-standing challenges to the behavioral health services delivery system. This Open Forum outlines opportunities and challenges facing health services researchers in this rapidly changing landscape. Inspired by a 2012 report by the Institute of Medicine, the authors discuss innovative research endeavors, promising study designs, and challenges involved in integrating high-impact behavioral health services research within a learning behavioral health care framework...
September 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Kristin L Carman, Maureen Maurer, Rikki Mangrum, Manshu Yang, Marjorie Ginsburg, Shoshanna Sofaer, Marthe R Gold, Ela Pathak-Sen, Dierdre Gilmore, Jennifer Richmond, Joanna Siegel
Policy makers and practitioners increasingly believe that medical evidence plays a critical role in improving care and health outcomes and lowering costs. However, public understanding of the role of evidence-based care may be different. Public deliberation is a process that convenes diverse citizens and has them learn about and consider ethical or values-based dilemmas and weigh alternative views. The Community Forum Deliberative Methods Demonstration project, sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, obtained informed public views on the role of evidence in health care decisions through seventy-six deliberative groups involving 907 people overall, in the period August-November 2012...
April 2016: Health Affairs
Oludotun Adebayo Phillips, Monerah Al-Soraj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
(no author information available yet)
The following thought leaders, educators, and researchers comprise the Editorial Board of the Oncology Nursing Forum (ONF) for 2016. Each brings a unique skill set based on years of oncology experience to the work of the journal. The associate editors support the mission of ONF: to convey research information related to practice, technology, education, and leadership; to disseminate oncology nursing research and evidence-based practice to enhance transdisciplinary high-quality cancer care; and to stimulate discussion of critical issues relevant to oncology nursing...
January 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
Elliott M Antman, Emelia J Benjamin, Robert A Harrington, Steven R Houser, Eric D Peterson, Mary Ann Bauman, Nancy Brown, Vincent Bufalino, Robert M Califf, Mark A Creager, Alan Daugherty, David L Demets, Bernard P Dennis, Shahram Ebadollahi, Mariell Jessup, Michael S Lauer, Bernard Lo, Calum A MacRae, Michael V McConnell, Alexa T McCray, Michelle M Mello, Eric Mueller, Jane W Newburger, Sally Okun, Milton Packer, Anthony Philippakis, Peipei Ping, Prad Prasoon, Véronique L Roger, Steve Singer, Robert Temple, Melanie B Turner, Kevin Vigilante, John Warner, Patrick Wayte
BACKGROUND: A 1.5-day interactive forum was convened to discuss critical issues in the acquisition, analysis, and sharing of data in the field of cardiovascular and stroke science. The discussion will serve as the foundation for the American Heart Association's (AHA's) near-term and future strategies in the Big Data area. The concepts evolving from this forum may also inform other fields of medicine and science. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 47 participants representing stakeholders from 7 domains (patients, basic scientists, clinical investigators, population researchers, clinicians and healthcare system administrators, industry, and regulatory authorities) participated in the conference...
November 2015: Journal of the American Heart Association
R N Werner, B Marinović, S Rosumeck, R Strohal, N S Haering, T Weberschock, A C Dreher, A Nast
Clinical practice guidelines are systematically developed tools to assist clinicians and health policy makers in decision making for clearly defined clinical situations. In the light of the demand for evidence-based medicine and quality in health care and the increasing methodological requirements concerning guidelines development, it is important to evaluate existing practice guidelines to systematically identify strengths and weaknesses. Currently, the most accepted tool for the methodological evaluation of guidelines is the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluation (AGREE) Instrument...
March 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Meghana V Kashyap, Michael Nolan, Marc Sprouse, Ranajit Chakraborty, Deanna Cross, Rhonda Roby, Jamboor K Vishwanatha
The Texas Center for Health Disparities, a National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities Center of Excellence, presents an annual conference to discuss prevention, awareness education, and ongoing research about health disparities both in Texas and among the national population. The 2014 Annual Texas Conference on Health Disparities brought together experts in research, patient care, and community outreach on the "Role of Genomics in Eliminating Health Disparities." Rapid advances in genomics and pharmacogenomics are leading the field of medicine to use genetics and genetic risk to build personalized or individualized medicine strategies...
2015: Journal of Carcinogenesis
Robert J McNellis, Marcia G Ory, Jennifer S Lin, Elizabeth A O'Connor
Behavioral counseling interventions to promote healthy behaviors can significantly reduce leading causes of disease and death. Recommendations for delivery of these interventions in primary care have been and continue to be an important part of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force's portfolio of clinical preventive services recommendations. However, primary and secondary research on the effectiveness of behavioral counseling interventions can be more complex than recommendations for screening or use of preventive medications...
September 2015: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Alex H Krist, Linda J Baumann, Jodi Summers Holtrop, Melanie R Wasserman, Kurt C Stange, Meghan Woo
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPTF) recognizes that behaviors have a major impact on health and well-being. Currently, the USPSTF has 11 behavioral counseling intervention (BCI) recommendations. These BCIs can be delivered in a primary care setting or patients can be referred to other clinical or community programs. Unfortunately, many recommended BCIs are infrequently and ineffectually delivered, suggesting that more evidence is needed to understand which BCIs are feasible and referable. In response, the USPSTF convened an expert forum in 2013 to inform the evaluation of BCI feasibility...
September 2015: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Bronagh Blackwood, John Marshall, Louise Rose
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Appropriate selection and definition of outcome measures are essential for clinical trials to be maximally informative. Core outcome sets (an agreed, standardized collection of outcomes measured and reported in all trials for a specific clinical area) were developed due to established inconsistencies in trial outcome selection. This review discusses the rationale for, and methods of, core outcome set development, as well as current initiatives in critical care. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent systematic reviews of reported outcomes and measurement instruments relevant to the critically ill highlight inconsistencies in outcome selection, definition, and measurement, thus establishing the need for core outcome sets...
October 2015: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Celeste Lebbe, Jürgen C Becker, Jean-Jacques Grob, Josep Malvehy, Veronique Del Marmol, Hubert Pehamberger, Ketty Peris, Philippe Saiag, Mark R Middleton, Lars Bastholt, Alessandro Testori, Alexander Stratigos, Claus Garbe
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare tumour of the skin of neuro-endocrine origin probably developing from neuronal mechanoreceptors. A collaborative group of multidisciplinary experts form the European Dermatology Forum (EDF), The European Association of Dermato-Oncology (EADO) and the European Organization of Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) was formed to make recommendations on MCC diagnosis and management, based on a critical review of the literature, existing guidelines and expert's experience...
November 2015: European Journal of Cancer
(no author information available yet)
The Mental Health Quality Forum, a 2-meeting multidisciplinary panel of 13 participants, was held in March and June 2013 to identify problems and opportunities in the management of serious mental illness. In the second meeting, participants reconvened to review issues identified at the first meeting, agree to principles that will guide solution development, and create a blueprint for pilots across 3 critical areas. They worked in 3 "ecosystem" groups to simulate the tension between real-world stakeholders in serious mental illness care...
July 2015: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
David Turnbull, Nataliya Singatullina, Charles Reilly
Clinical decisions are often made in the presence of some uncertainty. Health care should be based on a combination of scientific evidence, clinical experience, economics, patient value judgments, and preferences. Seizures are not uncommon following brain injury, surgical trauma, hemorrhage, altered brain metabolism, hypoxia, or ischemic events. The impact of seizures in the immediate aftermath of injury may be a prolonged intensive care stay or compounding of the primary injury. The aim of brain injury management is to limit the consequences of the secondary damage...
July 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Brittani Crook, Elizabeth M Glowacki, Brad Love, Barbara L Jones, Catherine Fiona Macpherson, Rebecca H Johnson
PURPOSE: Finding helpful information can be challenging for young adult (YA) cancer survivors; thus, it is critical to examine features of online posts that successfully solicit responses and assess how these differ from posts that do not solicit responses. METHODS: Using posts from an online YA cancer support community, we analyzed initial posts that did and did not receive replies utilizing Linguistic Inquiry Word Count (LIWC). RESULTS: Independent t tests revealed significant differences between the sets of posts regarding content, emotions, cognitive processes, pronoun use, and linguistic complexity...
February 2016: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Susan Chatwood, Francois Paulette, Ross Baker, Astrid Eriksen, Ketil Lenert Hansen, Heidi Eriksen, Vanessa Hiratsuka, Josée Lavoie, Wendy Lou, Ian Mauro, James Orbinski, Nathalie Pabrum, Hanna Retallack, Adalsteinn Brown
With the recognized need for health systems' improvements in the circumpolar and indigenous context, there has been a call to expand the research agenda across all sectors influencing wellness and to recognize academic and indigenous knowledge through the research process. Despite being recognized as a distinct body of knowledge in international forums and across indigenous groups, examples of methods and theories based on indigenous knowledge are not well documented in academic texts or peer-reviewed literature on health systems...
2015: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Jenna L Davis, Brian M Rivers, Desiree Rivers, Carolyn M Tucker, Frederic F Desmond, Tya M Arthur, Guillermo M Wippold, B Lee Green
There are significant gender disparities in health outcomes and health care utilization in the United States, with men experiencing more of these disparities. It is critical to ascertain the interplay between societal conditions, health behaviors, and access to services and the impact of these factors on health outcomes and utilization of health care. The present study is part of a larger initiative titled, The Men's Health Study: Addressing Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors, which has two purposes-to annually assess the motivators of and barriers to health-promoting behaviors among culturally diverse men attending the Men's Health Forum (MHF) and to use this information to develop an intervention program that facilitates healthy lifestyle behaviors among men...
March 17, 2015: American Journal of Men's Health
(no author information available yet)
Perspectives on invasive and noninvasive ventilatory support for critically ill patients are evolving, as much evidence indicates that ventilation may have positive effects on patient survival and the quality of the care provided in intensive care units in Brazil. For those reasons, the Brazilian Association of Intensive Care Medicine (Associação de Medicina Intensiva Brasileira - AMIB) and the Brazilian Thoracic Society (Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisiologia - SBPT), represented by the Mechanical Ventilation Committee and the Commission of Intensive Therapy, respectively, decided to review the literature and draft recommendations for mechanical ventilation with the goal of creating a document for bedside guidance as to the best practices on mechanical ventilation available to their members...
October 2014: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Rachel Duarte Moritz, Patricia Miranda do Lago, Raquel Pusch de Souza, Nilton Brandão da Silva, Francisco Albano de Meneses, Jairo Constante Bitencourt Othero, Fernando Osni Machado, Jefferson Pedro Piva, Mariza D Agostino Dias, Juan Carlos Rosso Verdeal, Eduardo Rocha, Renata Andrea Pietro Pereira Viana, Ana Maria Pueyo Blasco de Magalhães, Nara Azeredo
The objective of this review was to evaluate current knowledge regarding terminal illness and palliative care in the intensive care unit, to identify the major challenges involved and propose a research agenda on these issues The Brazilian Critical Care Association organized a specific forum on terminally ill patients, to which were invited experienced and skilled professionals on critical care. These professionals were divided in three groups: communication in the intensive care unit, the decision making process when faced with a terminally ill patient and palliative actions and care in the intensive care unit...
December 2008: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
Carmen Sílvia Valente Barbas, Alexandre Marini Ísola, Augusto Manoel de Carvalho Farias, Alexandre Biasi Cavalcanti, Ana Maria Casati Gama, Antonio Carlos Magalhães Duarte, Arthur Vianna, Ary Serpa Neto, Bruno de Arruda Bravim, Bruno do Valle Pinheiro, Bruno Franco Mazza, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro de Carvalho, Carlos Toufen Júnior, Cid Marcos Nascimento David, Corine Taniguchi, Débora Dutra da Silveira Mazza, Desanka Dragosavac, Diogo Oliveira Toledo, Eduardo Leite Costa, Eliana Bernadete Caser, Eliezer Silva, Fabio Ferreira Amorim, Felipe Saddy, Filomena Regina Barbosa Gomes Galas, Gisele Sampaio Silva, Gustavo Faissol Janot de Matos, João Claudio Emmerich, Jorge Luis dos Santos Valiatti, José Mario Meira Teles, Josué Almeida Victorino, Juliana Carvalho Ferreira, Luciana Passuello do Vale Prodomo, Ludhmila Abrahão Hajjar, Luiz Claudio Martins, Luis Marcelo Sá Malbouisson, Mara Ambrosina de Oliveira Vargas, Marco Antonio Soares Reis, Marcelo Brito Passos Amato, Marcelo Alcântara Holanda, Marcelo Park, Marcia Jacomelli, Marcos Tavares, Marta Cristina Paulette Damasceno, Murillo Santucci César Assunção, Moyzes Pinto Coelho Duarte Damasceno, Nazah Cherif Mohamed Youssef, Paulo José Zimmermann Teixeira, Pedro Caruso, Péricles Almeida Delfino Duarte, Octavio Messeder, Raquel Caserta Eid, Ricardo Goulart Rodrigues, Rodrigo Francisco de Jesus, Ronaldo Adib Kairalla, Sandra Justino, Sergio Nogueira Nemer, Simone Barbosa Romero, Verônica Moreira Amado
Perspectives on invasive and noninvasive ventilatory support for critically ill patients are evolving, as much evidence indicates that ventilation may have positive effects on patient survival and the quality of the care provided in intensive care units in Brazil. For those reasons, the Brazilian Association of Intensive Care Medicine (Associação de Medicina Intensiva Brasileira - AMIB) and the Brazilian Thoracic Society (Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisiologia - SBPT), represented by the Mechanical Ventilation Committee and the Commission of Intensive Therapy, respectively, decided to review the literature and draft recommendations for mechanical ventilation with the goal of creating a document for bedside guidance as to the best practices on mechanical ventilation available to their members...
July 2014: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
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