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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334343/breast-milk-iodine-concentrations-and-iodine-levels-of-infants-according-to-the-iodine-status-of-the-country-of-residence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Pantea Nazeri, Ali Kabir, Hosein Dalili, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: Iodine, an essential micronutrient, plays a critical role in normal growth and development, especially during the first two years of life. This systematic review and meta-analysis is among the first to evaluate breast-milk iodine concentrations and infant iodine status in countries characterized by iodine sufficiency or deficiency. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, and other relevant databases, as well as reference lists of previous reviews, were searched for relevant studies published between 1986 and 2016...
January 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333864/non-digestible-carbohydrates-in-infant-formula-as-substitution-for-human-milk-oligosaccharide-functions-effects-on-microbiota-and-gut-maturation
#2
Renate Akkerman, Marijke M Faas, Paul de Vos
Human milk (HM) is the golden standard for nutrition of newborn infants. Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are abundantly present in HM and exert multiple beneficial functions, such as support of colonization of the gut microbiota, reduction of pathogenic infections and support of immune development. HMO-composition is during lactation continuously adapted by the mother to accommodate the needs of the neonate. Unfortunately, for many valid reasons not all neonates can be fed with HM and are either totally or partly fed with cow-milk derived infant formulas, which do not contain HMOs...
January 15, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332610/improvements-in-the-conception-rate-milk-composition-and-embryo-quality-of-rabbit-does-after-dietary-enrichment-with-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids
#3
M Rodríguez, R M García-García, M Arias-Álvarez, P Millán, N Febrel, N Formoso-Rafferty, J López-Tello, P L Lorenzo, P G Rebollar
This work attempts to confirm the effect of an enriched diet with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) trying to mitigate the reproductive performances issues such as low conception rate of primiparous rabbits. A total of 127 does were fed ad libitum throughout their two first cycles with two diets with different fat sources: mixed fat in the control and salmon oil in the enriched one, with 3.19 g/100 g (n=63 does) and 28.77 g/100 g (n=64 does) of n-3 of the total fatty acid, respectively. Feed intake was similar between groups (P>0...
January 15, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332276/variability-and-reliability-of-pop-concentrations-in-multiple-breast-milk-samples-collected-from-the-same-mothers
#4
Risa Kakimoto, Masayoshi Ichiba, Akiko Matsumoto, Kunihiko Nakai, Nozomi Tatsuta, Miyuki Iwai-Shimada, Momoko Ishiyama, Noriko Ryuda, Takashi Someya, Ieyasu Tokumoto, Daisuke Ueno
Risk assessment of infant using a realistic persistent organic pollutant (POP) exposure through breast milk is essential to devise future regulation of POPs. However, recent investigations have demonstrated that POP levels in breast milk collected from the same mother showed a wide range of variation daily and monthly. To estimate the appropriate sample size of breast milk from the same mother to obtain reliable POP concentrations, breast milk samples were collected from five mothers living in Japan from 2006 to 2012...
January 13, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327426/quantification-of-total-cholesterol-in-human-milk-by-gas-chromatography
#5
Maurizio Beggio, Cristina Cruz-Hernandez, Pierre-Alain Golay, Le Ye Lee, Francesca Giuffrida
Human milk provides the key nutrients necessary for infant growth and development. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a method to analyze the cholesterol content in liquid human milk samples along lactation. Direct saponification of the sample using ethanolic potassium hydroxide solution under cold conditions was applied and unsaponifiable matter was separated by centrifugation. Cholesterol was converted into its trimethylsilyl ether and the derivative analyzed by gas chromatography coupled with a flame ionization detector...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324318/a-feasibility-study-of-a-multidimensional-breastfeeding-support-intervention-in-ireland
#6
Goiuri Alberdi, Elizabeth J O'Sullivan, Helena Scully, Niamh Kelly, Regina Kincaid, Rosie Murtagh, Stephanie Murray, Denise McGuinness, Ashamole Clive, Mary Brosnan, Lucille Sheehy, Elizabeth Dunn, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is the optimum mode of infant feeding. Despite this, most global populations do not achieve the World Health Organisation's recommendation of exclusive breast milk for the first 6 months of life. Irish breastfeeding rates are among the lowest in Europe, necessitating a well-designed breastfeeding-support intervention. AIM: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a multidimensional breastfeeding intervention in a rural and an urban maternity setting in Ireland...
December 24, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321940/-lactomassilus-timonensis-a-new-anaerobic-bacterial-species-isolated-from-the-milk-of-a-healthy-african-mother
#7
A H Togo, A Camara, S Konaté, O K Doumbo, D Raoult, M Million
We here report the main characteristics of a new anaerobic bacterial genus and species 'Lactomassilus timonensis,' strain Marseille-P4641T (CSUR = P4641), isolated by microbial culturomics from the milk of a 35-year-old healthy lactating mother from Mali.
January 2018: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317437/infant-feeding-practices-among-hiv-exposed-infants-less-than-6-months-of-age-in-bomet-county-kenya-an-in-depth-qualitative-study-of-feeding-choices
#8
Purity Chepkorir Lang'at, Irene Ogada, Audrey Steenbeek, Noni E MacDonald, Sophie Ochola, Wesley Bor, Godfrey Odinga
BACKGROUND: In children, HIV can be acquired from the mother during pregnancy, delivery and through breast milk. The WHO recommends exclusive breast feeding or exclusive replacement feeding for the first 6 months after birth for HIV-exposed infants. Barriers such as HIV-related stigma, inadequate resources, lack of access to safe water and negative cultural beliefs have been shown to influence infant feeding among HIV-exposed infants in some settings. In Kenya, there is limited literature on the barriers...
January 9, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304316/best-practices-to-limit-contamination-of-donor-milk-in-a-milk-bank
#9
Elizabeth B Froh, Jill Vanderpool, Diane L Spatz
Human milk donated to a milk bank can become contaminated in a number of ways, but processes exist to eradicate pathogenic bacterial growth. Donor human milk may be cultured before or after pasteurization or both. The purpose of this article is to describe standard operations of the Mothers' Milk Bank of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, best practices to limit the bacterial contamination of donor human milk, and implications for future research.
January 2, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304013/breastfeeding-determinants-in-healthy-term-newborns
#10
Lorenzo Colombo, Beatrice Letizia Crippa, Dario Consonni, Maria Enrica Bettinelli, Viola Agosti, Giulia Mangino, Elena Nicoletta Bezze, Paola Agnese Mauri, Lidia Zanotta, Paola Roggero, Laura Plevani, Donatella Bertoli, Maria Lorella Giannì, Fabio Mosca
Breastfeeding is the normative standard for infant feeding. Despite its established benefits, different factors can affect breastfeeding rates over time. The purpose of this study was to evaluate breastfeeding determinants in healthy term newborns during the first three months of life. A prospective, observational, single-center study was conducted in the nursery of Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico in Milan, Italy. The mother-baby dyads that were admitted to the Clinic in January and February 2017 were enrolled...
January 5, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303992/relationships-between-breastfeeding-patterns-and-maternal-and-infant-body-composition-over-the-first-12-months-of-lactation
#11
Zoya Gridneva, Alethea Rea, Anna R Hepworth, Leigh C Ward, Ching T Lai, Peter E Hartmann, Donna T Geddes
Breastfeeding has been implicated in the establishment of infant appetite regulation, feeding patterns and body composition (BC). A holistic approach is required to elucidate relationships between infant and maternal BC and contributing factors, such as breastfeeding parameters. Associations between maternal and breastfed term infant BC (n = 20) and feeding parameters during first 12 months of lactation were investigated. BC was measured at 2, 5, 9 and/or 12 months postpartum with ultrasound skinfolds (US; infants only) and bioimpedance spectroscopy (infants and mothers)...
January 5, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302553/breastfeeding-practice-and-knowledge-among-women-attending-primary-health-care-centers-in-riyadh-2016
#12
Norah Faleh Al-Mutairi, Yousef Abdullah Al-Omran, P J Parameaswari
Introduction: Breast milk is the best natural essential nutrition to newborns and infants. However, the practice of breastfeeding (BF) has declined in Saudi Arabia. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of BF with their determinants among mothers in Riyadh. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 252 mothers attending the well-baby clinics in Riyadh from March 2016 to May 2017 were selected randomly with their consent and studied by a standardized questionnaire...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300859/evidence-for-mother-to-child-transmission-of-zika-virus-through-breast-milk
#13
Gabriela M Blohm, John A Lednicky, Marilianna Márquez, Sarah K White, Julia C Loeb, Carlos A Pacheco, David J Nolan, Taylor Paisie, Marco Salemi, Alfonso J Rodríguez-Morales, J Glenn Morris, Juliet R C Pulliam, Alberto E Paniz-Mondolfi
Zikavirus (ZIKV) is an emerging viral pathogen that continues to spread throughout different regions of the world. Herein we report a case that provides further evidence that ZIKV transmission can occur through breastfeeding by providing a detailed clinical, genomic, and virological case-based description.
December 30, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300195/expressing-human-milk-in-the-nicu-coping-mechanisms-and-challenges-shape-the-complex-experience-of-closeness-and-separation
#14
Maude Bujold, Nancy Feeley, Anna Axelin, Claudia Cinquino
BACKGROUND: Human milk has multiple benefits for human health; however, rates of infants receiving human milk at discharge in Canadian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) are far below recommendations of the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative supported by the Canadian Pediatric Association. Mothers of infants requiring NICU care usually need to express their milk, especially mothers of premature infants, since for some time their infant is unable to feed directly at the breast. Expressing human milk for an extended period can be challenging for mothers...
January 3, 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299430/the-effect-of-saqez-pistacia-atlantica-ointment-on-nipple-fissure-improvement-in-breastfeeding-women-during-one-month-follow-up
#15
Nayereh As'adi, Nourossadat Kariman, Faraz Mojab, Mohamad Amin Pourhoseingholi
Objective: Painful nipple fissure is a troublesome problem for breastfeeding mothers. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of saqez (Pistacia atlantica) ointment on the improvement of nipple fissure in breastfeeding women during one-month follow-up. Materials and Methods: This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 100 eligible women who visited the selected health centers affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, from July 2015 to December 2015 during their postpartum period...
November 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298968/nutrition-during-breastfeeding-impact-on-human-milk-composition
#16
REVIEW
Agnieszka Bzikowska, Aneta Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna, Aleksandra Wesołowska, Halina Weker
Breastfeeding or breast milk feeding is a gold standard of feeding of newborns and infants. According to the guidelines of the World Health Organisation exclusive feeding with breast milk should be applied until the end of 6 months of age and should be continued during subsequent months with simultaneous introduction of supplementary food. Composition of breast milk varies and the composition of individual nutrients is affected by, among others, the diet of a breastfeeding mother. The paper aimed to present a literature review in order to assess a correlation between the mother's diet and breast milk composition...
December 22, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295502/physiological-translocation-of-lactic-acid-bacteria-during-pregnancy-contributes-to-the-composition-of-the-milk-microbiota-in-mice
#17
Javier de Andrés, Esther Jiménez, Isabel Chico-Calero, Manuel Fresno, Leónides Fernández, Juan Miguel Rodríguez
The human milk microbiota is a complex and diverse ecosystem that seems to play a relevant role in the mother-to-infant transmission of microorganisms during early life. Bacteria present in human milk may arise from different sources, and recent studies suggest that at least some of them may be originally present in the maternal digestive tract and may reach the mammary gland through an endogenous route during pregnancy and lactation. The objective of this work was to elucidate whether some lactic acid bacteria are able to translocate and colonize the mammary gland and milk...
December 23, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295487/infant-feeding-beliefs-attitudes-knowledge-and-practices-of-chinese-immigrant-mothers-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Qun Le, Mary L Greaney
Chinese are a fast-growing immigrant population group in several parts of the world (e.g., Australia, Canada, Europe, Southeast Asia, United States). Research evidence suggests that compared to non-Hispanic whites, individuals of Asian-origin including Chinese are at higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes at a lower body mass index (BMI). These risks may be possibly due to genetic differences in body composition and metabolic responses. Despite the increasing numbers of Chinese children growing up in immigrant families and the increasing prevalence of obesity among Chinese, little research has been focused on children of Chinese immigrant families...
December 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290091/breastfeeding-regulates-development-of-immune-system-through-tgf-%C3%AE-in-mice-pups
#19
Keita Sakaguchi, Akemi Koyanagi, Fumitaka Kamachi, Akiko Harauma, Asako Chiba, Ken Hisata, Toru Moriguchi, Toshiaki Shimizu, Sachiko Miyake
BACKGROUND: Breast milk contains important nutrients and immunoregulatory factors that are essential for newborn infants. Recently, epidemiological studies suggested that breastfeeding prevents a wide range of infectious diseases and lowers the incidence of infant allergic diseases. METHODS: To examine the effects of breast milk in immunological development in infancy, we established an artificial rearing system for hand-feeding mice and compared mouse pups fed with either breast milk or milk substitute...
December 31, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287263/simultaneous-quantification-of-fluoxetine-and-norfluoxetine-in-colostrum-and-mature-human-milk-using-a-2-dimensional-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-system
#20
Bianca Rebelo Lopes, Neila Maria Cassiano, Daniela Miarelli Carvalho, Elaine Christine Dantas Moisés, Quezia Bezerra Cass
A two-dimensional liquid chromatography system coupled to triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometer (2D LC-MS/MS) was employed for the determination of fluoxetine (FLU) and norfluoxetine (N-FLU) in colostrum and mature milk by direct sample injection. With a run time of 12 min representing a gain in throughput analysis, the validated methods furnished selectivity, extraction efficiency, accuracy, and precision in accordance with the criteria preconized by the European Medicines Agency guidelines. With a linear range of 3...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
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