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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161533/the-nuts-and-bolts-of-implementing-a-pasteurized-donor-human-milk-program-on-a-mother-baby-unit
#1
Sheilajane C Lewis, Marcy McMahon, Ginny Combs, Kristine Smith, Miriam Segura-Harrison, Barbara L Philipp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158374/maternal-igg-immune-complexes-induce-food-allergen-specific-tolerance-in-offspring
#2
Asa Ohsaki, Nicholas Venturelli, Tess M Buccigrosso, Stavroula K Osganian, John Lee, Richard S Blumberg, Michiko K Oyoshi
The role of maternal immune responses in tolerance induction is poorly understood. To study whether maternal allergen sensitization affects offspring susceptibility to food allergy, we epicutaneously sensitized female mice with ovalbumin (OVA) followed by epicutaneous sensitization and oral challenge of their offspring with OVA. Maternal OVA sensitization prevented food anaphylaxis, OVA-specific IgE production, and intestinal mast cell expansion in offspring. This protection was mediated by neonatal crystallizable fragment receptor (FcRn)-dependent transfer of maternal IgG and OVA immune complexes (IgG-IC) via breast milk and induction of allergen-specific regulatory T (T reg) cells in offspring...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154942/levels-of-palmitic-acid-ester-of-hydroxystearic-acid-pahsa-are-reduced-in-the-breast-milk-of-obese-mothers
#3
Marie Brezinova, Ondrej Kuda, Jana Hansikova, Martina Rombaldova, Laurence Balas, Kristina Bardova, Thierry Durand, Martin Rossmeisl, Marcela Cerna, Zbynek Stranak, Jan Kopecky
To achieve optimal development of a newborn, breastfeeding is extensively recommended, but little is known about the role of non-nutritive bioactive milk components. We aimed to characterize the fatty acid esters of hydroxy fatty acids (FAHFAs), namely palmitic acid hydroxystearic acids (PAHSAs)-endogenous lipids with anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic properties, in human breast milk. Breast milk samples from 30 lean (BMI=19-23) and 23 obese (BMI>30) women were collected 72h postpartum. Adipose tissue and milk samples were harvested from C57BL/6J mice...
November 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154437/effect-of-adding-different-levels-of-rumen-protected-choline-to-the-diet-on-productive-and-reproductive-performance-of-female-goats-and-growth-of-their-kids-from-birthing-to-weaning
#4
Alsaied A Habeeb, Ahmed E Gad, Mostafa A Atta, Mohammed M Mustafa
Forty female goats in the third parity were randomly divided into four similar groups. The experiment was started 20 days before mating and lasted until the end of the suckling period for 60 days and weaning their kids. The first group were fed diet without supplementation and kept as control while in the second, third and fourth groups, each doe was fed diets with rumen protected choline (RPC) at the rate of 10, 20 and 40 g/day, respectively. Results showed that number of doe kidding twins and triplets and litter weight of kids born per group increased with increasing the level of RPC in the diet of goats and viability rate of born kids during the suckling period improved due to RPC supplementation in the diets of their mothers...
November 20, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149869/characterisation-of-sucking-dynamics-of-breastfeeding-preterm-infants-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Donna T Geddes, Kok Chooi, Kathryn Nancarrow, Anna R Hepworth, Hazel Gardner, Karen Simmer
BACKGROUND: Full breastfeeding is the ultimate aim for preterm infants to ensure they receive the full benefits of human milk however, preterm infants face a number of challenges associated with their immaturity and associated morbidities. In order to facilitate oral feeding, it is essential to have a sound knowledge of the sucking dynamics of the breastfed infant. The aim of this study was to measure and describe the sucking dynamics of the preterm breastfeeding infant. METHODS: A prospective cross sectional observational study was carried out at King Edward Memorial Hospital, Perth...
November 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148822/the-effect-of-a-silymarin-phosphatidylserine-and-galega-galactagogue-on-mothers-of-preterm-infants-milk-production
#6
Francesca Serrao, Mirta Corsello, Costantino Romagnoli, Vito D'Andrea, Enrico Zecca
AIMS: To investigate the efficacy of a galactagogue, containing Sylimarin-phosphatidylserine (SILITIDIL) and galega consumed in the first month after delivery by mothers of preterm infants, in maintaining milk production during the first 3-6 months after delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mothers of infants born at gestational age (GA) between 27 and 32 weeks, enrolled in our previous prospective, double-blind, randomized trial and randomly allocated to receive either the galactagogue (GG) or a placebo (PG), were asked about their milk production at 3 and 6 months after delivery...
November 17, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147116/influence-of-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-practices-on-common-infections-among-under-five-children-in-longido-and-monduli-districts-of-arusha-tanzania
#7
Hoyce Amini Mshida, Neema Kassim, Martin Epafras Kimanya, Emmanuel Mpolya
The study aimed at assessing water, sanitation, and hygiene practices and their influence on infectious diseases among under-five children in semipastoral communities of Arusha. The study was cross-sectional in design. Prevalence of infectious diseases among under-five children was derived from patients' attendance register. Mothers randomly sampled from households were interviewed using questionnaire. Information regarding child morbidity and sociodemographic and WASH characteristics was gathered. Hospital data revealed that 2/3 of under-five patients visited the hospitals annually were suffering from infectious diseases...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146525/maternal-nutritional-determinants-of-colostrum-fatty-acids-in-the-eden-mother-child-cohort
#8
Martine Armand, Jonathan Y Bernard, Anne Forhan, Barbara Heude, Marie-Aline Charles
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Programming of infant development and later health may depend on early-milk polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) contents, that are very variable between women for reasons not well elucidated. Indeed, a high n-6/n-3 PUFA in milk was associated with higher adiposity, arterial pressure and lower psychomotor scores in childhood. We aimed to explore the respective contribution of several maternal and perinatal factors to the variability of linoleic (LA), α-linolenic (ALA), arachidonic (AA), and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acid levels in early milk...
October 21, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146078/bisphenol-a-distribution-in-serum-urine-placenta-breast-milk-and-umbilical-cord-serum-in-a-birth-panel-of-mother-neonate-pairs
#9
Jangwoo Lee, Kyungho Choi, Jeongim Park, Hyo-Bang Moon, Gyuyeon Choi, Jeong Jae Lee, Eunsook Suh, Hai-Joong Kim, So-Hee Eun, Gun-Ha Kim, Geum Joon Cho, Sung Koo Kim, Sungjoo Kim, Su Young Kim, Seunghyo Kim, Soyong Eom, Sooran Choi, Young Don Kim, Sungkyoon Kim
Bisphenol A (BPA) exposure during the perinatal and postnatal periods increases the susceptibility to disease over the life cycle. However, information on the BPA delivered to fetuses or infants via the placenta and breastfeeding is limited. We determined the BPA exposure levels in various bodily fluids and tissues of pregnant women and described fetus and infant exposures to BPA based on associations and BPA ratios in mother-neonate paired samples. Maternal serum, urine, placenta, breast milk, cord serum, and neonatal urine samples were collected from 318 mother-neonate pairs at six university hospitals in Korea...
November 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145136/lead-cadmium-and-arsenic-in-human-milk-and-their-socio-demographic-and-lifestyle-determinants-in-lebanon
#10
Maya Bassil, Farah Daou, Hussein Hassan, Osama Yamani, Joelle Abi Kharma, Zouheir Attieh, Jomana Elaridi
INTRODUCTION: Exposure of newborns to toxic metals is of special interest due to their reported contamination in breast milk and potential harm. The aim of this study was to assess the occurrence and factors associated with lead, cadmium and arsenic contamination in breast milk collected from lactating mothers in Lebanon. METHODS: A total of 74 breast milk samples were collected from primaparas according to guidelines set by the World Health Organization. A survey was administered to determine the demographic and anthropometric characteristics of participating lactating mothers...
October 27, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144244/modes-of-infant-feeding-and-the-risk-of-childhood-asthma-a-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#11
Annika Klopp, Lorena Vehling, Allan B Becker, Padmaja Subbarao, Piushkumar J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Diana L Lefebvre, Malcolm R Sears, Meghan B Azad
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether different modes of infant feeding are associated with childhood asthma, including differentiating between direct breastfeeding and expressed breast milk. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 3296 children in the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development birth cohort. The primary exposure was infant feeding mode at 3 months, reported by mothers and categorized as direct breastfeeding only, breastfeeding with some expressed breast milk, breast milk and formula, or formula only...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142555/exclusive-breastfeeding-practices-in-working-women-of-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Aroona Sabin, Farida Manzur, Saleem Adil
Objective: To determine the prevalence of exclusive breast feeding in working women and to identify the factors effecting exclusive breast feeding in working women. Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in Faisalabad city within a period of six months from June 2016 to December 2016. Working women of age 18 to 45 years, working as doctors, teachers, nurses and bankers in public (government) setup were included. The data was collected using interview method by pre-structured questionnaire...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135822/premature-infants-have-lower-gastric-digestion-capacity-for-human-milk-proteins-than-term-infants
#13
Veronique Demers-Mathieu, Yunyao Qu, Mark A Underwood, Robyn Borghese, David Charles Dallas
OBJECTIVES: Whether premature infants have lower gastric protein digestive capacity than term infants and the extent to which human milk proteases contribute to overall gastric digestion are unknown and were investigated in this study. METHODS: Human milk and infant gastric samples were collected from 16 preterm (24-32 wk gestational age (GA)) and 6 term (38-40 wk GA) mother-infant pairs within a range of 5-42 days postnatal age. For each pair, an aliquot of human milk was adjusted to pH 4...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135279/cognitive-testing-of-the-brief-breastfeeding-and-milk-expression-recall-survey
#14
Sarah A Keim, Katie Smith, Kelly M Boone, Reena Oza-Frank
BACKGROUND: Major U.S. federal maternal and child health surveys collect an infant feeding history for children under 6 years of age using survey questions that have changed little over decades. Yet, infant feeding and lactation practices have changed with the increasing popularity of milk expression (pumping). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cognitive interviews were conducted to test the 9-item Brief Breastfeeding and Milk Expression Recall Survey (BaByMERS) with a diverse sample of 15 U...
November 14, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130749/does-maternal-synbiotic-supplementation-affect-conjugated-linoleic-acid-level-in-breast-milk-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
Leila Nikniaz, Reza Mahdavi, Alireza Ostadrahimi, Zeinab Nikniaz, Soghra Aliasgharzadeh
AIM: As conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)is a potential growth promotor in newborns, the present pilot study aimed at measuring the effect of synbiotic supplementation on breast milk CLA level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty lactating mothers were randomly allocated to take either synbiotic (n = 31) or placebo (n = 29) for 30 days. Maternal anthropometric indices were measured at the onset and end of the study by standard methods and body mass index was calculated...
November 13, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122257/auricular-therapy-for-lactation-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Melissa Li-Sha Chen, Jing-Yu Tan, Lorna Kwai-Ping Suen
BACKGROUND: Support for breastfeeding has been a matter of considerable interest in healthcare. In the field of traditional and complementary medicine, the effectiveness of auricular therapy on lactation has been investigated by several clinical studies. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: This review was mainly performed to assess the current evidence of auricular therapy on lactation. The objectives were to assess the current evidence of AT for lactation, examine the intervention protocols and outcome measures adopted by the studies included, and inform clinical application and future research in this area...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120377/concentrations-of-carotenoids-and-tocopherols-in-breast-milk-from-urban-chinese-mothers-and-their-associations-with-maternal-characteristics-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Yong Xue, Esther Campos-Giménez, Karine Meisser Redeuil, Antoine Lévèques, Lucas Actis-Goretta, Gerard Vinyes-Pares, Yumei Zhang, Peiyu Wang, Sagar K Thakkar
Milk composition remains the best estimate of infant requirements. The aims of this study were to quantify carotenoids and tocopherols in human milk from healthy Chinese mothers, and to explore their associations with lactation stage, region, socio-economic and obstetric characteristics, and dietary intake. Human milk was obtained from 509 healthy mothers, and concentrations of carotenoids and tocopherols were analyzed by Ultra High Performance Liquid Chromatography. The mothers' socio-economic and obstetric characteristics and dietary intake through a single 24-h dietary recall were evaluated...
November 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119825/why-chinese-mothers-stop-breastfeeding-mothers-self-reported-reasons-for-stopping-during-the-first-six-months
#18
Ke Sun, Miaoxia Chen, Yuzhu Yin, Lingling Wu, Lingling Gao
The reasons why mothers in mainland China stop breastfeeding before their infants were six months old was investigated. Five hundred sixty-two mothers within two to three days after delivery in a hospital in Guangzhou, China, were followed up via telephone interview at one, four, and six months postpartum between January and August 2015 to assess their infant's feeding patterns and mother's reasons for breastfeeding cessation. Measures included the questionnaire about sociodemographic, psychosocial, and perinatal characteristics, the Breastfeeding Outcome Questionnaire and the Breastfeeding Self-efficacy Scale-Short Form...
September 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108433/the-human-milk-oligosaccharides-are-not-affected-by-pasteurization-and-freeze-drying
#19
Won-Ho Hahn, Jaehan Kim, Seunghyun Song, Suyeon Park, Nam Mi Kang
OBJECTIVES: Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are known as important factors in neurologic and immunologic development of neonates. Moreover, freeze-drying seems to be a promising storage method to improve the processes of human milk banks. However, the effects of pasteurization and freeze-drying on HMOs were not evaluated yet. The purpose of this study is to analyze and compare the HMOs profiles of human milk collected before and after the pasteurization and freeze-drying. METHODS: Totally nine fresh human milk samples were collected from three healthy mothers at the first, second, and third week after delivery...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105966/the-effectiveness-of-interventions-using-relaxation-therapy-to-improve-breastfeeding-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Nurul Husna Mohd Shukri, Jonathan C K Wells, Mary Fewtrell
Maternal psychological state is recognised to influence lactation success, largely by affecting milk ejection. Thus, increased psychological distress can disrupt milk flow and in the long-term, affect milk synthesis. Conversely, it is possible that milk ejection could be improved by using relaxation therapy during breastfeeding. We performed a systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions using relaxation therapy to improve breastfeeding outcomes and to assess the consequent impact(s) on infant growth and behaviour...
November 6, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
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