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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653126/impact-of-metabolic-hormones-secreted-in-human-breast-milk-on-nutritional-programming-in-childhood-obesity
#1
REVIEW
Pilar Amellali Badillo-Suárez, Maricela Rodríguez-Cruz, Xóchitl Nieves-Morales
Obesity is the most common metabolic disease whose prevalence is increasing worldwide. This condition is considered a serious public health problem due to associated comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Perinatal morbidity related to obesity does not end with birth; this continues affecting the mother/infant binomial and could negatively impact on metabolism during early infant nutrition. Nutrition in early stages of growth may be essential in the development of obesity in adulthood, supporting the concept of "nutritional programming"...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651682/the-wuhan-twin-birth-cohort-wtbc
#2
Jinzhu Zhao, Shaoping Yang, Anna Peng, Zhengmin Qian, Hong Xian, Tianjiao Chen, Guanghui Dong, Yiming Zhang, Xijiang Hu, Zhong Chen, Jiangxia Cao, Xiaojie Song, Shunqing Xu, Tongzhang Zheng, Bin Zhang
The Wuhan Pre/Post-Natal Twin Birth Registry (WPTBR) is one of the largest twin birth registries with comprehensive medical information in China. It recruits women from the first trimester of pregnancy and their twins from birth. From January 2006 to May 2016, the total number of twins enrolled in WPTBR is 13,869 twin pairs (27,553 individuals). The WPTBR initiated the Wuhan Twin Birth Cohort (WTBC). The WTBC is a prospective cohort study carried out through incorporation of three samples. The first one comprises 6,920 twin pairs, and the second one, 6,949 twin pairs...
June 27, 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651630/maternal-inheritance-of-bifidobacterial-communities-and-bifidophages-in-infants-through-vertical-transmission
#3
Sabrina Duranti, Gabriele Andrea Lugli, Leonardo Mancabelli, Federica Armanini, Francesca Turroni, Kieran James, Pamela Ferretti, Valentina Gorfer, Chiara Ferrario, Christian Milani, Marta Mangifesta, Rosaria Anzalone, Moreno Zolfo, Alice Viappiani, Edoardo Pasolli, Ilaria Bariletti, Rosarita Canto, Rosanna Clementi, Marina Cologna, Tiziana Crifò, Giuseppina Cusumano, Sabina Fedi, Stefania Gottardi, Claudia Innamorati, Caterina Masè, Daniela Postai, Daniela Savoi, Massimo Soffiati, Saverio Tateo, Anna Pedrotti, Nicola Segata, Douwe van Sinderen, Marco Ventura
BACKGROUND: The correct establishment of the human gut microbiota represents a crucial development that commences at birth. Different hypotheses propose that the infant gut microbiota is derived from, among other sources, the mother's fecal/vaginal microbiota and human milk. RESULTS: The composition of bifidobacterial communities of 25 mother-infant pairs was investigated based on an internal transcribed spacer (ITS) approach, combined with cultivation-mediated and genomic analyses...
June 26, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651173/development-validation-and-clinical-application-of-a-method-for-the-simultaneous-quantification-of-lamivudine-emtricitabine-and-tenofovir-in-dried-blood-and-dried-breast-milk-spots-using-lc-ms-ms
#4
Catriona Waitt, Sujan Diliiy Penchala, Adeniyi Olagunju, Alieu Amara, Laura Else, Mohammed Lamorde, Saye Khoo
OBJECTIVES: To present the validation and clinical application of a LC-MS/MS method for the quantification of lamivudine (3TC), emtricitabine (FTC) and tenofovir (TFV) in dried blood spots (DBS) and dried breast milk spots (DBMS). METHODS: DBS and DBMS were prepared from 50 and 30μL of drug-spiked whole blood and human breast milk, respectively. Following extraction with acetonitrile and water, chromatographic separation utilised a Synergi polar column with a gradient mobile phase program consisting of 0...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650420/first-detection-of-chikungunya-virus-in-breast-milk
#5
Gubio Soares Campos, Antonio Carlos Albuquerque Bandeira, Verônica França Diniz Rocha, Juarez Pereira Dias, Rejane Hughes Carvalho, Silvia Ines Sardi
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) has never been detected in human breast milk. This is a brief report of CHIKV infection in a breastfeeding woman of a 3 month old baby. The mother´s CHIKV-RT PCR was positive in serum, urine and milk. The baby´s CHIKV serology and RT-PCR were negative. The detection of CHIKV in milk raises clinical and epidemiologic questions.
June 22, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649909/safety-of-iv-pulse-methylprednisolone-therapy-during-breastfeeding-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Cavit Boz, Murat Terzi, Serap Zengin Karahan, Sedat Sen, Yasemin Sarac, Murat Emrah Mavis
BACKGROUND: Women with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience an increased risk of relapse in the postpartum period. High-dose methylprednisolone is the first-line treatment for acute relapses. OBJECTIVES: To determine the transfer of methylprednisolone into human milk in breastfeeding MS patients. METHODS: Methylprednisolone therapy was given for postpartum relapse to nine patients for three consecutive days, and seven patients received a daily infusion once a month...
June 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646987/state-based-perinatal-quality-collaboratives-pursuing-improvements-in-perinatal-health-outcomes-for-all-mothers-and-newborns
#7
Munish Gupta, Edward F Donovan, Zsakeba Henderson
State-based perinatal quality collaboratives (SPQC) have become increasingly widespread in the United States. Whereas the first was launched in 1997, today over 40 states have SPQCs that are actively working or are in development. Despite great variability in the structure and function of SPQCs among states, many have seen their efforts lead to significant improvements in the care of mothers and newborns. Clinical topics targeted by SPQCs have included nosocomial infection in newborns, human milk use, neonatal abstinence syndrome, early term deliveries without a medical indication, maternal hemorrhage, and maternal hypertension, among others...
April 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646960/the-controversial-role-of-breast-milk-in-gbs-late-onset-disease
#8
Petra Zimmermann, Amanda Gwee, Nigel Curtis
Group B streptococcus (GBS) is one of the most common causes of neonatal sepsis and meningitis. Intra-partum antibiotic prophylaxis does not play a significant role in reducing the risk of GBS late-onset disease. One of the proposed mechanisms for GBS late-onset disease is infection through contaminated breast milk. Infants in whom breast milk is thought to be the source for GBS late-onset disease are more heavily colonised and reports suggest they have a higher recurrence rate compared to infants with other potential sources...
June 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643162/dental-caries-a-disease-which-needs-attention
#9
Vijay Prakash Mathur, Jatinder Kaur Dhillon
Dental caries is one of the most prevalent disease (about 50%) in children across the globe. If not treated in time, it can affect not only the mastication function but also the speech, smile and psychosocial environment and the quality of life of the child and the family. The treatment of dental diseases is very expensive in all countries and prevention is very simple and effective. The caries in children below 6 y is called early childhood caries (ECC). It is most commonly caused by milk bottle or mother's feed during night...
June 23, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640669/cellular-components-including-stem-like-cells-of-preterm-mother-s-mature-milk-as-compared-with-those-in-her-colostrum-a-pilot-study
#10
Pankaj Kaingade, Indumathi Somasundaram, Akshita Sharma, Darshan Patel, Dhanasekaran Marappagounder
Purpose and Study Objective: Whether the preterm mothers' mature milk retains the same cellular components as those in colostrum including stem-like cell, cell adhesion molecules, and immune cells. PARTICIPANTS: A total of five preterm mothers were recruited for the study having an average age of 30.2 years and gestational age of 29.8 weeks from the Pristine Women's Hospital, Kolhapur. Colostrum milk was collected within 2-5 days and matured milk was collected 20-30 days after delivery from the same mothers...
June 22, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640217/suboptimal-iodine-concentration-in-breastmilk-and-inadequate-iodine-intake-among-lactating-women-in-norway
#11
Sigrun Henjum, Anne Marie Lilleengen, Inger Aakre, Anna Dudareva, Elin Lovise Folven Gjengedal, Helle Margrete Meltzer, Anne Lise Brantsæter
Breastfed infants depend on sufficient maternal iodine intake for optimal growth and neurological development. Despite this, few studies have assessed iodine concentrations in human milk and there is currently no published data on iodine status among lactating women in Norway. The aim of this study was to assess iodine concentrations in breast milk (BMIC) in lactating women and estimate iodine intake. Five Mother and Child Health Centres in Oslo were randomly selected during 2016, and 175 lactating women between 2nd and 28th weeks postpartum participated...
June 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638435/exclusive-breastfeeding-and-mothers-employment-status-in-gondar-town-northwest-ethiopia-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#12
Dawit Alemayehu Chekol, Gashaw Andargie Biks, Yalemzewod Assefa Gelaw, Yayehirad Alemu Melsew
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding is defined as feeding an infant breast milk only, for the first six months. In Ethiopia, more than half of infants do not receive exclusive breastfeeding. Workplace barriers contribute to these low rates of exclusive breastfeeding practices. Understanding the sociodemographic, health related, behavioral and economic factors is crucial to promote the practice of exclusive breastfeeding in Ethiopia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the extent of exclusive breastfeeding practice and associated factors among employed and unemployed mothers with children of age 7-12 months in Gondar town, northwest Ethiopia, 2015...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632447/in-hospital-breastfeeding-experiences-among-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#13
Reena Oza-Frank, Erica P Gunderson
BACKGROUND: In-hospital experiences among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) could impact breastfeeding success. We sought (1) to determine changes in the prevalence of hospital breastfeeding experiences between 2004-2008 and 2009-2011 among women with GDM and women without diabetes; (2) to determine whether GDM is associated with higher occurrence of experiencing Baby-Friendly hospital practices because of their known higher rates of breastfeeding difficulties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the 2004 to 2011 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, a survey of women with a recent live birth from 16 states and New York City, were used based on inclusion of an optional survey question about hospital breastfeeding experiences...
June 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632193/adolescents-knowledge-of-breastfeeding-and-their-intention-to-breastfeed-in-the-future
#14
Marija Čatipović, Tamara Voskresensky Baričić, Sunčana Rokvić, Josip Grgurić
The aim of this paper is to analyze third-year secondary school students' knowledge of breastfeeding and intention to breastfeed their children, based on the results of a questionnaire. The respondents were 154 students (101 female/43 male) of two secondary schools in Bjelovar. The students completed a questionnaire which consisted of 23 questions regarding knowledge and intention to breastfeed. The answers were analyzed statistically and different results were compared by nonparametric tests. About half of the respondents think that both partners should decide on breastfeeding and recognize the role that fathers have in initiating and maintaining breastfeeding...
June 20, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631347/reducing-the-maternal-dietary-intake-of-indigestible-and-slowly-absorbed-short-chain-carbohydrates-is-associated-with-improved-infantile-colic-a-proof-of-concept-study
#15
M Iacovou, E C Mulcahy, H Truby, J S Barrett, P R Gibson, J G Muir
BACKGROUND: To investigate if a low fermentable oligo-, di- and mono-saccharides and polyols (FODMAP) diet consumed by breastfeeding mothers may be associated with reduced symptoms of infantile colic. METHODS: Exclusively breastfeeding mothers and their typically-developing healthy infants who met the Wessel Criteria for infantile colic were recruited from the community, to this single-blind, open-label, interventional study. After a 3-day qualifying period, mothers were provided a low FODMAP 7-day diet...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630084/maternal-lifestyle-and-nutritional-status-in-relation-to-pregnancy-and-infant-health-outcomes-in-western-china-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Li Tang, Xiong-Fei Pan, Andy H Lee, Colin W Binns, Chun-Xia Yang, Xin Sun
INTRODUCTION: Improving the health and nutrition of women and children is a priority for Western China, where the economy is less developed. Due to the dynamic nature of lifestyle, modern food habits and nutrition, there is a need to update our limited knowledge and understanding of maternal lifestyle and nutritional status and their impact on pregnancy and infant health outcomes. While breast milk is the preferred feeding option, infant formula use is widespread in China. It is thus necessary to examine the effects of formula consumption on growth and morbidity...
June 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627261/maternal-psychological-distress-and-perceived-impact-on-child-feeding-practices-in-south-kivu-dr-congo
#17
Jillian A Emerson, Wietse Tol, Laura E Caulfield, Shannon Doocy
BACKGROUND: Maternal mental health problems are associated with poor child growth and suboptimal child feeding practices, yet little qualitative research has been conducted to understand mothers' perceptions about how maternal mental ill health and child nutrition are related. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to understand maternal perceptions on sources of psychological distress, and how distress impacts functioning, especially related to childcare and feeding practices among mothers of young children in South Kivu, DR Congo...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626535/assessment-effect-of-breast-milk-on-diaper-dermatitis
#18
Bahar Seifi, Sheida Jalali, Mohammad Heidari
Diaper dermatitis is the most common dermatological disease of infancy, which occurs and caused by the combined effect of irritants such as diaper, urine and faces. In this study, we intend to evaluate the effect of breast milk on the healing of diaper dermatitis. This study was a clinical trial of 30 infants between 0-12 months of age that were suffering from diaper dermatitis and referred to the Health Centers in Tehran, Iran. The subjects were selected by open study. Infants were divided into two matched groups: case and control...
March 13, 2017: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622781/-iron-requirements-during-the-first-6-months-of-life
#19
A Lapillonne, O Becquet
Because of the postnatal redistribution of the iron store, the term infant born after an uneventful pregnancy virtually needs no iron during its first 6 months of life. On the other hand, several factors, such as duration of gestation, gender, mother's iron status, alteration of the iron placental transfer, significantly influence the iron store at birth. Because of their reduced body store at birth and their higher demand during catch-up growth, low birth weight infants should receive an iron supplement, which should be started earlier and given at a higher dose in the more premature infants...
May 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619255/infant-nutrition-and-maternal-obesity-influence-the-risk-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adolescents
#20
Oyekoya T Ayonrinde, Wendy H Oddy, Leon A Adams, Trevor A Mori, Lawrence J Beilin, Nicholas de Klerk, John K Olynyk
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The pathway to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adolescents may have its origins in adiposity gains, nutrition and sedentary lifestyle established during childhood. There is inadequate knowledge regarding the associations between infant nutrition and subsequent NAFLD. We examined the association of maternal factors and infant nutrition, with the subsequent diagnosis of NAFLD in adolescents. METHODS: Adolescents aged 17years in the Western Australian Pregnancy (Raine) Cohort study had fatty liver assessment using liver ultrasound...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
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