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Melanoma hand

Michael Rehman, Sreeharsha Gurrapu, Gabriella Cagnoni, Lorena Capparuccia, Luca Tamagnone
The secreted semaphorin Sema3E controls cell migration and invasiveness in cancer cells. Sema3E-receptor, PlexinD1, is frequently upregulated in melanoma, breast, colon, ovarian and prostate cancers; however, the mechanisms underlying PlexinD1 upregulation and the downstream events elicited in tumor cells are still unclear. Here we show that the canonical RBPjk-dependent Notch signaling cascade controls PlexinD1 expression in primary endothelial and cancer cells. Transcriptional activation was studied by quantitative PCR and promoter activity reporter assays...
2016: PloS One
Dandan Li, Feilong Sun, Meriem Bourajjaj, Yinan Chen, Ebel H Pieters, Jian Chen, Joep B van den Dikkenberg, Bo Lou, Marcel G M Camps, Ferry Ossendorp, Wim E Hennink, Tina Vermonden, Cornelus F van Nostrum
Cancer vaccines are at present mostly based on tumor associated protein antigens but fail to elicit strong cell-mediated immunity in their free form. For protein-based vaccines, the main challenges to overcome are the delivery of sufficient proteins into the cytosol of dendritic cells (DCs) and processing by, and presentation through, the MHC class I pathway. Recently, we developed a cationic dextran nanogel in which a model antigen (ovalbumin, OVA) is reversibly conjugated via disulfide bonds to the nanogel network to enable redox-sensitive intracellular release...
October 17, 2016: Nanoscale
Renata Ottes Vasconcelos, Silvina Odete Bustos, Juliana Ramos Gonzalez, Camila Wink Soares, Makely Daiane Barbosa, Roger Chammas, Ana Paula de Souza Votto, Gilma Santos Trindade
Omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega 3 PUFA) are attracting a growing interest as potential adjuvants for cancer prevention and treatment. There is evidence about photoprotection in normal cells, but few previous studies have evaluated it in tumoral cells. Therefore, this study investigated the effect of α-linolenic acid (ALA) in normal murine melanocytic cells (Melan-a) and in tumoral murine melanocytic cells (B16F10) exposed to UVB radiation. Our results showed that ALA exhibited an antiproliferative effect in B16F10 cells, and had minimal effect in Melan-a cells, as demonstrated by MTT assay...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Pedram Gerami, Zuxu Yao, David Polsky, Burkhard Jansen, Klaus Busam, Jonhan Ho, Mary Martini, Laura K Ferris
BACKGROUND: Clinical and histopathologic assessment of pigmented skin lesions remains challenging even for experts. Differentiated and accurate noninvasive diagnostic modalities are highly desirable. OBJECTIVE: We sought to provide clinicians with such a tool. METHODS: A 2-gene classification method based on LINC00518 and preferentially expressed antigen in melanoma (PRAME) gene expression was evaluated and validated in 555 pigmented lesions (157 training and 398 validation samples) obtained noninvasively via adhesive patch biopsy...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Shosuke Ito, Ludger Kolbe
Most readers of Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research are familiar with the biological/clinical aspects of pigmentation and melanoma. On the other hand, other aspects of pigmentation research, such as the application of melanin nano-particles as novel biocompatible materials, mostly escape their attention. For example, "polydopamine (PDA)" has been attracting an upsurge in interest among material scientists (175 articles published in 2015 compared with 11 in 2010), but not so much among pigment scientists despite the fact that PDA closely mimics "dopamine-melanin" as it is produced by the spontaneous oxidative polymerization of dopamine at a slightly alkaline pH...
October 5, 2016: Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research
Gheath Alatrash, Naval Daver, Elizabeth A Mittendorf
The use of antibodies that target immune checkpoint molecules on the surface of T-lymphocytes and/or tumor cells has revolutionized our approach to cancer therapy. Cytotoxic-T-lymphocyte antigen (CTLA-4) and programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) are the two most commonly targeted immune checkpoint molecules. Although the role of antibodies that target CTLA-4 and PD-1 has been established in solid tumor malignancies and Food and Drug Administration approved for melanoma and non-small cell lung cancer, there remains a desperate need to incorporate immune checkpoint inhibition in hematologic malignancies...
October 2016: Pharmacological Reviews
Uwe Wollina, Jacqueline Schönlebe, Birgit Heinig, Andreas Nowak, Anastasiya Atanasova Chokoeva, Georgi Tchernev
Non-melanoma skin cancer is the most common type of cutaneous neoplasm worldwide. While basal cell carcinoma is the most common tumor, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) causes higher morbidity and has a risk of metastatic spread, depending on immune status, tumor size, and desmoplastic growth. We reported the case of a 77 year old male patient with retroauricular tumor, which started growing 3 years ago and was excised, buth relapsed three times. The initial diagnosis was infundibular cyst. Delayed Mohs surgery was performed, as was an additional open lymph node biopsy of the patient's right groin, on the occasion of an indolent swelling of the same which developed within 3 months...
September 8, 2016: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
Fangzhen Jiang, Kai Jin, Shenyu Huang, Qi Bao, Zheren Shao, Xueqing Hu, Juan Ye
Melanoma is one common skin cancer. In the present study, the potential anti-melanoma activity by a liposomal C6 ceramide was tested in vitro. We showed that the liposomal C6 (ceramide) was cytotoxic and anti-proliferative against a panel of human melanoma cell lines (SK-Mel2, WM-266.4 and A-375 and WM-115). In addition, liposomal C6 induced caspase-dependent apoptotic death in the melanoma cells. Reversely, its cytotoxicity was attenuated by several caspase inhibitors. Intriguingly, liposomal C6 was non-cytotoxic to B10BR mouse melanocytes and primary human melanocytes...
2016: PloS One
Marius Raica, Adriana-Andreea Jitariu, Anca Maria Cimpean
Cutaneous malignant melanoma is an aggressive tumor characterized by early lymph node metastasis and bad prognosis. Although the spread of tumor cells in the regional lymph nodes is very important in the staging, prognosis and therapeutic strategy of malignant melanoma, the mechanism(s) of initial lymphatic vessels invasion is are) not completely understood. In the present review, we analyze the main factors involved in melanoma-associated lymphangiogenesis, based on existing available evidence. Currently, there are no anti-lymphangiogenic drugs approved for clinical trials...
September 2016: Anticancer Research
George E Naoum, Fady Tawadros, Ammad Ahmad Farooqi, Muhammad Zahid Qureshi, Sobia Tabassum, Donald J Buchsbaum, Waleed Arafat
Since its identification as a member of the tumour necrosis factor (TNF) family, TRAIL (TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand) has emerged as a new avenue in apoptosis-inducing cancer therapies. Its ability to circumvent the chemoresistance of conventional therapeutics and to interact with cancer stem cells (CSCs) self-renewal pathways, amplified its potential as a cancer apoptotic agent. Many recombinant preparations of this death ligand and monoclonal antibodies targeting its death receptors have been tested in monotherapy and combinational clinical trials...
2016: Ecancermedicalscience
Lidia Jiménez-García, Sandra Herranz, María Angeles Higueras, Alfonso Luque, Sonsoles Hortelano
Tumor microenvironment has been described to play a key role in tumor growth, progression, and metastasis. Macrophages are a major cellular constituent of the tumor stroma, and particularly tumor associated macrophages (TAMs or M2-like macrophages) exert important immunosuppressive activity and a pro-tumoral role within the tumor microenvironment. Alternative-reading frame (ARF) gene is widely inactivated in human cancer. We have previously demonstrated that ARF deficiency severely impairs inflammatory response establishing a new role for ARF in the regulation of innate immunity...
August 27, 2016: Oncotarget
James S Brown
The author previously proposed that schizophrenia has similar cytokine expression compared to melanoma, a neural crest cell tumor. One possible tumor model of schizophrenia includes anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis, a paraneoplastic syndrome. While examining the possible relationship of neural crest cell tumors to schizophrenia, the author found several case reports of psychosis resulting from pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas, types of neural crest cell tumors that secrete catecholamines. In most cases, surgical resection of the tumors resulted in remission of psychotic symptoms, and some remissions were associated with reduced levels of peripheral catecholamine levels...
October 2016: Schizophrenia Research
Abbas Agaimy
Sinonasal tract malignancies are uncommon, representing no more than 5% of all head and neck neoplasms. However, in contrast to other head and neck sites, a significant proportion of sinonasal neoplasms tend to display a poorly/ undifferentiated significantly overlapping morphology and a highly aggressive clinical course, despite being of diverse histogenetic and molecular pathogenesis. The wide spectrum of poorly differentiated sinonasal epithelial neoplasms with small "basaloid" blue cell morphology includes basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (both HPV+ and HPV-unrelated), nasopharyngeal-type lymphoepithelial carcinoma (EBV+), small/large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma, esthesioneuroblastoma, poorly differentiated carcinoma of salivary type (myoepithelial carcinoma and solid adenoid cystic carcinoma), NUT midline carcinoma, the recently described SMARCB1-deficient sinonasal carcinoma, sinonasal teratocarcinosarcoma and, as a diagnosis of exclusion, sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma (SNUC)...
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
Jean-Baptiste Oudart, Jean-Claude Monboisse, François-Xavier Maquart, Bertrand Brassart, Sylvie Brassart-Pasco, Laurent Ramont
Type XIX collagen is a minor collagen that is associated with the basement membrane zone that belongs to the FACIT family (Fibril-Associated Collagens with Interrupted Triple helices). The FACIT family is composed of type IX, XII, XIV, XVI, XX, XXI, XXII and XIX collagens, which share many highly conserved structural motifs: a short NC1 domain, a thrombospondin-like N-terminal domain (TSPN), and numerous cysteine residues. The main role of FACITs is to ensure the integrity and stability of the extracellular matrix and its fibrillar collagen network by regulating the formation and size of the collagen fibrils...
August 1, 2016: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
Sylvain Ladoire, Laura Senovilla, David Enot, François Ghiringhelli, Vichnou Poirier-Colame, Kariman Chaba, Gulsun Erdag, Jochen T Schaefer, Donna H Deacon, Laurence Zitvogel, Craig L Slingluff, Guido Kroemer
Melanoma is known to be under latent immunosurveillance. Here, we studied four biomarkers of immunogenic cell stress and death (microtubule-associated proteins 1A/1B light chain 3B (MAP-LC3B, best known as LC3B)-positive puncta in the cytoplasm as a sign of autophagy; presence of nuclear HMGB1; phosphorylation of eIF2α; increase in ploidy) in melanoma cells, in tissue microarrays (TMA) from metastases from 147 melanoma patients. These biomarkers of immunogenicity were correlated with the density of immune cells infiltrating the metastases and expressing CD3, CD4(+), CD8(+), CD20, CD45, CD56, CD138, CD163, DC-LAMP or FOXP3...
June 2016: Oncoimmunology
Georgi Tchernev, Anastasiya Atanasova Chokoeva, Bogdana Ivanova, Hristo Mangarov, Nadezhda Georgieva Vidolova
Porokeratosis is defined as a disorder of keratinization characterized by one or more atrophic patches surrounded by a clinically and histologically distinctive hyperkeratotic ridgelike border called the cornoid lamella. Lesions are most commonly located on the sun-exposed sides of trunk and extremities, while exclusive facial involvement has been also reported. Despite that the exact risk of cutaneous malignancy developing in porokeratosis is unknown, it is confirmed by series of case reports, including squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma and even melanoma...
July 28, 2016: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
Nirosha J Murugan, Lukasz M Karbowski, Michael A Persinger
Synergisms between a physiologically patterned magnetic field that is known to enhance planarian growth and suppress proliferation of malignant cells in culture and three light emitting diode (LED) generated visible wavelengths (blue, green, red) upon planarian regeneration and melanoma cell numbers were discerned. Five days of hourly exposures to either a physiologically patterned (2.5-5.0 μT) magnetic field, one of three wavelengths (3 kLux) or both treatments simultaneously indicated that red light (680 nm), blue light (470 nm) or the magnetic field significantly facilitated regeneration of planarian compared to sham field exposed planarian...
July 27, 2016: Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine
Qing Li, Nathan Johnston, Xiufen Zheng, Hongmei Wang, Xusheng Zhang, Dian Gao, Weiping Min
T cell exhaustion is a state of T cell dysfunction that arises during many cancer. miRNAs are one of major gene regulators which result in translational inhibition and/or mRNA degradation. We hypothesized that miRNAs exist that can silence PD1 and act as a modulator in vitro to revert exhaustive status of T cells. We demonstrated that the exhausted T cells with inhibitory receptors (IRs) are significantly increased in the melanoma-bearing mice. Meanwhile, the differentiated miRNA profiles in PD1+ exhaustive T cells were identified using a miRNA array; 11 miRNAs were observed with significant altered levels in the exhausted T cells isolated from melanoma-bearing mice...
July 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Edward W Roberts, Miranda L Broz, Mikhail Binnewies, Mark B Headley, Amanda E Nelson, Denise M Wolf, Tsuneyasu Kaisho, Dusan Bogunovic, Nina Bhardwaj, Matthew F Krummel
Intratumoral dendritic cells (DC) bearing CD103 in mice or CD141 in humans drive intratumoral CD8(+) T cell activation. Using multiple strategies, we identified a critical role for these DC in trafficking tumor antigen to lymph nodes (LN), resulting in both direct CD8(+) T cell stimulation and antigen hand-off to resident myeloid cells. These effects all required CCR7. Live imaging demonstrated direct presentation to T cells in LN, and CCR7 loss specifically in these cells resulted in defective LN T cell priming and increased tumor outgrowth...
August 8, 2016: Cancer Cell
Kristen P Zeligs, Monica K Neuman, Christina M Annunziata
The NF-κB signaling pathway is a complex network linking extracellular stimuli to cell survival and proliferation. Cytoplasmic signaling to activate NF-κB can occur as part of the DNA damage response or in response to a large variety of activators, including viruses, inflammation, and cell death. NF-κB transcription factors play a fundamental role in tumorigenesis and are implicated in the origination and propagation of both hematologic and solid tumor types, including melanoma, breast, prostate, ovarian, pancreatic, colon, lung, and thyroid cancers...
September 1, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
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