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Allergy protein from cow's milk

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132509/comparison-of-allergenicity-at-gly-m-4-and-gly-m-bd-30k-of-soybean-after-genetic-modification
#1
Jaw-Ji Tsai, Ching-Yun Chang, En-Chih Liao
Despite rapid growth of genetically modified (GM) crops, effective evaluations of genetic modification on allergenicity are still lacking. Gly m Bd 30K is cross-reactive with cow's milk protein casein, Gly m 4, and with birch pollen allergen Bet v 1. Here we compared the allergenicity between GM and non-GM soybeans with respect to the foci Gly m 4 and Gly m Bd 30K. Recombinant allergens of Gly m Bd 30K and Gly m 4 were generated and polyclonal antibodies raised to identify these two allergenic components in soybeans...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120607/anaphylaxis-to-hidden-potato-allergens-in-a-peach-and-egg-allergic-boy
#2
M F Martín-Muñoz, A Diaz-Perales, J Cannabal, S Quirce
More than 170 foods have been identified as being potentially allergenic. However, a minority of these foods cause the majority of reactions. Sweets are frequently implicated in allergic reactions in children with cow's milk, egg, nuts or fruits allergy, and they are the most relevant foods investigated as responsible allergens. We report an anaphylactic reaction to candies in an egg and peach allergic boy. We performed a study to identify responsible allergens for the reaction. We investigated hidden egg and peach allergens in the candies, but they were not found...
January 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099424/the-establishment-of-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy-in-infants-is-related-with-a-deficit-of-regulatory-t-cells-treg-and-vitamin-d
#3
Laura Perezabad García, Jacobo López-Abente Muñoz, Elena Alonso-Lebrero, Elena Seoane Reula, Marjorie Pion, Rafael Correa-Rocha
BACKGROUND: Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) is the most common food allergy in infants. However, little is known about which specific immune mechanisms are related with the CMPA onset. The objective was to investigate which immune alterations constitute differential factors between allergy and tolerance, and hence could be implicated in the CMPA establishment in infants. METHODS: An extensive analysis of immune subsets, including Treg and cytokine-secreting cells was performed in blood samples from 28 infants younger than 9 months obtained 1-4 days after the first adverse reaction to milk...
January 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002520/clinical-immunological-and-pathological-profile-of-infants-suffering-from-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy
#4
Elena Tătăranu, Smaranda Diaconescu, Camelia Geanina Ivănescu, Ioan Sârbu, Maria Stamatin
Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) is the most frequently encountered form of food allergy in pediatric patients and occurs secondary to cow's milk proteins (CMP) ingestion. The aim of this study is to define the profile of children suffering from CMPA and to describe the associated pathological findings. The authors performed a retrospective case-control study on 160 infants that presented with CMPA symptoms at "Sf. Maria" Emergency Clinical Hospital for Children, Iassy, Romania, between January 2013 and January 2015...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994970/in-vitro-gastrointestinal-digestion-study-of-a-novel-bio-tofu-with-special-emphasis-on-the-impact-of-microbial-transglutaminase
#5
Guangliang Xing, Xin Rui, Mei Jiang, Yu Xiao, Ying Guan, Dan Wang, Mingsheng Dong
We have developed a novel bio-tofu, made from mixed soy and cow milk (MSCM), using Lactobacillus helveticus MB2-1 and Lactobacillus plantarum B1-6 incorporated with microbial transglutaminase (MTGase) as coagulant. MTGase was added to improve the textural properties and suit for cooking. However, the effect of MTGase on the digestion of mixed-protein fermented by lactic acid bacteria was unclear. This study aimed at evaluating the effect of MTGase on protein digestion of bio-tofu under simulated gastrointestinal digestion condition...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975116/long-term-safety-assessment-in-children-who-received-hydrolyzed-protein-formulas-with-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-gg-a-5-year-follow-up
#6
Dmf Scalabrin, C Harris, W H Johnston, C L Berseth
: Extensively hydrolyzed (EH) formula with Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) was demonstrated to alleviate cow's milk allergy (CMA) symptoms and promote faster acquisition of tolerance to cow's milk protein. We previously demonstrated that partially hydrolyzed (PH) and EH formulas with LGG supported normal growth in healthy-term infants through 120 days of age. The objective of the current study was to evaluate growth, development, and specific adverse events through 5 years of age in participants from that cohort who continued receiving study formula...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922230/consensus-statement-on-diagnosis-treatment-and-follow-up-of-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy-among-infants-and-children-in-turkey
#7
Aydan Kansu, Aysel Yüce, Buket Dalgıç, Bülent Enis Şekerel, Fügen Çullu-Çokuğraş, Haluk Çokuğraş
The present paper aims to provide experts' consensus on diagnosis and management of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) among infants and children in Turkey, based on review of available evidence-based guidelines, publications and experts' clinical experience. The experts agreed that CMPA diagnosis should be based on symptomatic evaluation and diagnostic elimination diet as followed by implementation of an open challenge test after disappearance of symptoms and confirmation of CMPA diagnosis in re-appearance of symptoms...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853717/amiata-donkey-milk-chain-animal-health-evaluation-and-milk-quality
#8
Giuseppe Ragona, Franco Corrias, Martina Benedetti, Maria Paladini, Federica Salari, Lolanda Altomonte, Mina Martini
This study presents an investigation of Amiata donkey health and quality of milk for human consumption. Thirty-one lactating dairy jennies were examined. The following samples were collected: faecal samples from the rectum of animals for parasitological examination; cervical swabs for the detection of bacteria causing reproductive disorders; and blood samples for serological diagnosis of main zoonotic (Brucella spp., Leptospira spp.) and donkey abortion agents (Brucella spp., Leptospira spp., Salmonella abortus equi, Equine viral arterithis virus, Equine herpesvirus type 1)...
June 3, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642151/-infant-food-diversification-assessment-of-practices-in-relation-to-french-recommendations-in-pediatricians-and-pediatric-residents-in-southern-france
#9
T Banti, A Carsin, B Chabrol, R Reynaud, A Fabre
: Infant food diversification has undergone a rapid succession of good practice recommendations in France, but there has been no assessment of pediatrician practices on food diversification. OBJECTIVE: To assess the practices of pediatricians in relation to current recommendations of the French Society of Pediatrics on infant food diversification. METHODS: This was an observational study conducted from 1 November 2014 to 31 March 2015. The study population consisted of 97 pediatricians in the Var department and 84 pediatric residents assigned to the University of Aix-Marseille in France...
October 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612000/probabilistic-modelling-to-assess-exposure-to-three-artificial-sweeteners-of-young-irish-patients-aged-1-3-years-with-pku-and-cmpa
#10
Aaron J O'Sullivan, Sandrine Pigat, Cian O'Mahony, Michael J Gibney, Aideen I McKevitt
The choice of suitable normal foods is limited for individuals with particular medical conditions, e.g., inborn errors of metabolism (phenylketonuria - PKU) or severe cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA). Patients may have dietary restrictions and exclusive or partial replacement of specific food groups with specially formulated products to meet particular nutrition requirements. Artificial sweeteners are used to improve the appearance and palatability of such food products to avoid food refusal and ensure dietary adherence...
November 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603546/identification-of-the-critical-amino-acid-residues-of-immunoglobulin-e-and-immunoglobulin-g-epitopes-in-%C3%AE-lactalbumin-by-alanine-scanning-analysis
#11
Cong Yanjun, Zhou Shengyun, Li Linfeng
α-Lactalbumin represents one of the major allergens causing cow milk allergy. Few studies have clearly evaluated immunological relationships between immunoglobulin E (IgE) and immunoglobulin G (IgG)-binding epitopes of α-lactalbumin. IgE- and IgG-binding epitopes were immunolabeled with individual sera from cow milk-allergic patients. Alanine scanning of immunodominant epitopes was used to identify the critical amino acid (aa). Our initial data revealed Val(8) , Phe(9) , Arg(10) , Tyr(103) , Leu(105) , and His(107) were the critical aa for IgE-binding epitope...
October 2016: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568925/presumed-allergic-proctocolitis-resolves-with-probiotic-monotherapy-a-report-of-4-cases
#12
Victoria J Martin, Wayne G Shreffler, Qian Yuan
BACKGROUND The prevalence of allergic diseases has been dramatically rising in the United States and other developed nations over recent decades. Growing evidence suggests a partial role for the microbiome in the development of these allergic diseases. Food protein-induced allergic proctocolitis (AP) (also referred to as cow's milk protein intolerance or allergy) is among the earliest and most common food allergic diseases of infancy, yet its pathophysiology is not well understood. The currently accepted clinical practice is to restrict the diet until 12 months of age...
August 29, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27397020/breastfeeding-and-complementary-feeding
#13
Christine Prell, Berthold Koletzko
BACKGROUND: Proper infant nutrition promotes healthy growth and development and lowers the risk of disease in later life. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent articles retrieved by a selective search, including guidelines, meta-analyses, and systematic reviews. RESULTS: Infants should be exclusively breast-fed until at least the age of 4 months. Infants who are no longer being breast-fed, or no longer exclusively so, should be given commercially available low-protein infant formula containing long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids...
June 24, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396729/antibody-independent-identification-of-bovine-milk-derived-peptides-in-breast-milk
#14
Gianluca Picariello, Francesco Addeo, Pasquale Ferranti, Rita Nocerino, Lorella Paparo, Annalisa Passariello, David C Dallas, Randall C Robinson, Daniela Barile, Roberto Berni Canani
Exclusively breast-fed infants can exhibit clear signs of IgE or non IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy. However, the definite characterization of dietary cow's milk proteins (CMP) that survive the maternal digestive tract to be absorbed into the bloodstream and secreted into breast milk remains missing. Herein, we aimed at assessing possible CMP-derived peptides in breast milk. Using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-high resolution mass spectrometry (MS), we compared the peptide fraction of breast milk from 12 donors, among which 6 drank a cup of milk daily and 6 were on a strict dairy-free diet...
August 10, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388344/use-of-extensively-hydrolysed-formula-for-refeeding-neonates-postnecrotising-enterocolitis-a-nationwide-survey-based-cross-sectional-study
#15
Alexandre Lapillonne, Maroun Matar, Ariane Adleff, Marwa Chbihi, Elsa Kermorvant-Duchemin, Florence Campeotto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of and reasons for using extensively hydrolysed formulas (EHFs) of cow's milk proteins in the French neonatal units as well as the modality of their prescription for refeeding infants recovering from necrotising enterocolitis (NEC). METHODS: A multicentre nationwide cross-sectional study using a questionnaire to address the prevalence of use and the reasons for prescribing EHF in hospitalised neonates and to examine the protocols and the actual reasons for their use for refeeding infants in recovery from NEC...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27305750/-the-importance-of-milk-bones-to-wisdom-bones-cow-milk-and-bone-health-lessons-from-milk-allergy-patients
#16
EDITORIAL
Liat Nachshon, Yitzhak Katz
The necessity of milk consumption in the western diet is a subject of intense controversy. One of the main benefits of milk is that it is the main source of dietary calcium. Calcium is a major bone mineral, mandatory for bone health. Its supply is derived exclusively from external dietary sources. During the growth period, an increased calcium supply is needed for the process of bone mass accumulation. An optimal bone mass achieved by the end of the growth period may be protective later in life against the bone mass loss that commonly occurs...
March 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257475/nutritional-adequacy-of-a-cows-milk-exclusion-diet-in-infancy
#17
Kate Maslin, Erin M Oliver, Karen S Scally, Josh Atkinson, Keith Foote, Carina Venter, Graham Roberts, Kate E C Grimshaw
BACKGROUND: Infants with suspected cows' milk allergy are required to follow a strict milk exclusion diet which may lead to nutritional deficiencies, especially if not supervised by a healthcare professional. The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional adequacy of a cows' milk exclusion diet in a group of UK infants over a period of 6 months. METHODS: Participants in this study are a subgroup of the Prevalence of Infant Food Allergy study, a prospective food allergy birth cohort study from the South of England...
2016: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101938/an-international-consensus-report-on-a-new-algorithm-for-the-management-of-infant-diarrhoea
#18
Andrea Lo Vecchio, Yvan Vandenplas, Marc Benninga, Ilse Broekaert, Jackie Falconer, Frederic Gottrand, Carlos Lifschitz, Paolo Lionetti, Rok Orel, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Carmen Ribes-Koninckx, Silvia Salvatore, Raanan Shamir, Michela Schäppi, Annamaria Staiano, Hania Szajewska, Nikhil Thapar, Michael Wilschanski, Alfredo Guarino
AIM: Implementing international guidelines guarantees high standards of clinical care. A group of experts developed an algorithm to drive the management of common gastrointestinal symptoms in infancy by paediatricians and general practitioners. METHODS: The algorithm started from the evidence-based recommendations of the European Society of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition and the European Society of Pediatric Infectious Diseases and an updated review of the literature...
August 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27090370/the-most-common-cow-s-milk-allergenic-proteins-with-respect-to-allergic-symptoms-in-iranian-patients
#19
Raheleh Shokouhi Shoormasti, Mohammad Reza Fazlollahi, Saeedeh Barzegar, Pegah Teymourpour, Zahra Yazdanyar, Zahra Lebaschi, Maryam Nourizadeh, Behnaz Tazesh, Masoud Movahedi, Homa Kashani, Zahra Pourpak, Mostafa Moin
Cow's milk allergy (CMA) is an immunological response to cow's milk proteins such as casein, α-lactalbumin and β lactoglobulin. The aim of this study was to determine the most common cow's milk allergenic proteins in patients with CMA and identify the most effective proteins in different allergic symptoms. Eighty seven patients (≤18 years) with allergy to cow's milk from 2006 to 2013 entered this study. They had a positive history of allergic reactions to cow's milk and a positive specific IgE test to whole cow's milk...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27068672/improved-tolerance-to-a-new-amino-acid-based-formula-by-infants-with-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy
#20
Pipop Jirapinyo, Narumon Densupsoontorn, Channagan Kangwanpornsiri, Renu Wongarn, Hathaichanok Tirapongporn, Kwanjai Chotipanang, Phakkanan Phuangphan
BACKGROUND: Prevalence and severity of cow's milk protein allergy (CMA) in infants are increasing. A proportion of infants with CMA still elicit signs and symptoms of CMA while ingesting commercial amino acid-based formulas (AAFs). We propose that protein in glucose polymers (GPs) derived from corn starch in the AAFs might be the cause of intolerance to AAF in some infants. We thus have produced small molecules of GPs from rice starch, eliminating the protein fraction from them, and subsequently used them as the sole source of carbohydrate in a new amino acid-based formula (NAAF)...
April 11, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
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