keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pediatric immunology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320737/genomic-circuitry-underlying-immunological-response-to-pediatric-acute-respiratory-infection
#1
Sarah E Henrickson, Sasikanth Manne, Douglas V Dolfi, Kathleen D Mansfield, Kaela Parkhouse, Rakesh D Mistry, Elizabeth R Alpern, Scott E Hensley, Kathleen E Sullivan, Susan E Coffin, E John Wherry
Acute respiratory tract viral infections (ARTIs) cause significant morbidity and mortality. CD8 T cells are fundamental to host responses, but transcriptional alterations underlying anti-viral mechanisms and links to clinical characteristics remain unclear. CD8 T cell transcriptional circuitry in acutely ill pediatric patients with influenza-like illness was distinct for different viral pathogens. Although changes included expected upregulation of interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs), transcriptional downregulation was prominent upon exposure to innate immune signals in early IFV infection...
January 9, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310768/sjs-ten-2017-building-multidisciplinary-networks-to-drive-science-and-translation
#2
REVIEW
Katie D White, Riichiro Abe, Michael Ardern-Jones, Thomas Beachkofsky, Charles Bouchard, Bruce Carleton, James Chodosh, Ricardo Cibotti, Robert Davis, Joshua C Denny, Roni P Dodiuk-Gad, Elizabeth N Ergen, Jennifer L Goldman, James H Holmes, Shuen-Iu Hung, Mario E Lacouture, Rannakoe J Lehloenya, Simon Mallal, Teri A Manolio, Robert G Micheletti, Caroline M Mitchell, Maja Mockenhaupt, David A Ostrov, Rebecca Pavlos, Munir Pirmohamed, Elena Pope, Alec Redwood, Misha Rosenbach, Michael D Rosenblum, Jean-Claude Roujeau, Arturo P Saavedra, Hajirah N Saeed, Jeffery P Struewing, Hirohiko Sueki, Chonlaphat Sukasem, Cynthia Sung, Jason A Trubiano, Jessica Weintraub, Lisa M Wheatley, Kristina B Williams, Brandon Worley, Wen-Hung Chung, Neil H Shear, Elizabeth J Phillips
Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN) is a life-threatening, immunologically mediated, and usually drug-induced disease with a high burden to individuals, their families, and society with an annual incidence of 1 to 5 per 1,000,000. To effect significant reduction in short- and long-term morbidity and mortality, and advance clinical care and research, coordination of multiple medical, surgical, behavioral, and basic scientific disciplines is required. On March 2, 2017, an investigator-driven meeting was held immediately before the American Academy of Dermatology Annual meeting for the central purpose of assembling, for the first time in the United States, clinicians and scientists from multiple disciplines involved in SJS/TEN clinical care and basic science research...
January 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303974/immune-mediated-mechanisms-of-action-of-probiotics-and-synbiotics-in-treating-pediatric-intestinal-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Julio Plaza-Díaz, Francisco Javier Ruiz-Ojeda, Mercedes Gil-Campos, Angel Gil
The pediatric population is continually at risk of developing infectious and inflammatory diseases. The treatment for infections, particularly gastrointestinal conditions, focuses on oral or intravenous rehydration, nutritional support and, in certain case, antibiotics. Over the past decade, the probiotics and synbiotics administration for the prevention and treatment of different acute and chronic infectious diseases has dramatically increased. Probiotic microorganisms are primarily used as treatments because they can stimulate changes in the intestinal microbial ecosystem and improve the immunological status of the host...
January 5, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303843/cognition-emotional-health-and-immunological-markers-in-children-with-long-term-nonprogressive-hiv
#4
Robert Paul, Tanakorn Apornpong, Wasana Prasitsuebsai, Thanyawee Puthanakit, Vonthanak Saphonn, Linda Aurpibul, Pope Kosalaraksa, Suparat Kanjanavanit, Wicharn Luesomboon, Chaiwat Ngampiyaskul, Tulathip Suwanlerk, Kea Chettra, William T Shearer, Victor Valcour, Jintanat Ananworanich, Stephen Kerr
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected children with long-term nonprogressive disease (LTNPs) eventually convert to a progressive disease type, yet the extent to which these children experience the cognitive and emotional symptoms observed in typical progressive HIV (Progressors) is unknown. METHODS: Eighty-eight LTNPs, 53 Progressors, and 323 healthy controls completed annual assessments of cognitive and emotional health as part of a prospective study. The two HIV-infected groups and the healthy controls were matched on age and sex distribution at enrollment...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287090/immune-activation-despite-preserved-cd4-t-cells-in-perinatally-hiv-infected-children-and-adolescents
#5
Patricia Alvarez, Mussa Mwamzuka, Fatma Marshed, Adam Kravietz, Tiina Ilmet, Aabid Ahmed, William Borkowsky, Alka Khaitan
BACKGROUND: HIV disease progresses more rapidly in children than adults with mortality rates exceeding 50% by 2 years of age without antiretroviral therapy (ART) in sub-Saharan Africa. Recent World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines recommend universal treatment for all living persons with HIV, yet there is limited supporting evidence in pediatric populations. The objective of this study was to determine whether CD4 cell counts reflect immunological markers associated with disease progression in ART naïve perinatally-infected HIV+ children and adolescents and their response to ART...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278644/endothelial-cells-of-extremely-premature-infants-display-impaired-immune-response-after-proinflammatory-stimulation
#6
Lukas Wisgrill, Martina Muck, Isabelle Wessely, Angelika Berger, Andreas Spittler, Elisabeth Förster-Waldl, Kambis Sadeghi
BACKGROUND: Endothelial cells (ECs) exert immunological functions such as production of proinflammatory cytokines/chemokines as well as facilitation of extravasation of immune cells into infected tissue. Limited data are available on the functionality of ECs from extremely preterm neonates during infection. Accordingly, the aim of our study was to investigate the immune response of premature ECs after proinflammatory stimulation. METHODS: Cell adhesion receptors expression and function, NFkB-signaling and chemokine production were analyzed in umbilical cord ECs from extremely preterm and term neonates after proinflammatory stimulation...
August 21, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243498/-cart-intensification-by-the-hiv-1-tat-b-clade-vaccine-progress-to-phase-iii-efficacy-studies
#7
Aurelio Cafaro, Cecilia Sgadari, Orietta Picconi, Antonella Tripiciano, Sonia Moretti, Vittorio Francavilla, Maria Rosaria Pavone Cossut, Stefano Buttò, Giovanni Cozzone, Fabrizio Ensoli, Paolo Monini, Barbara Ensoli
In spite of its success at suppressing HIV replication, combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) only partially reduces immune dysregulation and loss of immune functions. These cART-unmet needs appear to be due to persistent virus replication and cell-to-cell transmission in reservoirs, and are causes of increased patients' morbidity and mortality. Up to now, therapeutic interventions aimed at cART-intensification by attacking the virus reservoir have failed. Areas covered: We briefly review the rationale and clinical development of Tat therapeutic vaccine in cART-treated subjects in Italy and South Africa (SA)...
December 15, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233577/infections-in-children-on-biologics
#8
REVIEW
Lara Danziger-Isakov
Biologics target various pathways to modify immunologic activity. Biologic use to treat pediatric patients continues to expand; but limited data exist regarding infectious complications of these agents, especially for newer agents. Infectious events reported in the literature for pediatric patients indicate that a variety of bacterial, mycobacterial, viral, and fungal infections can occur. Further pediatric-specific reports are needed to fill knowledge gaps in the complications related to these agents.
December 9, 2017: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229171/special-considerations-in-pediatric-kidney-transplantation
#9
REVIEW
Sean A Hebert, Rita D Swinford, David R Hall, Jason K Au, John S Bynon
Universally accepted as the treatment of choice for children needing renal replacement therapy, kidney transplantation affords children the opportunity for an improved quality of life over dialysis therapy. Immunologic and surgical advances over the last 15 years have improved the pediatric patient and kidney graft survival. Unique to pediatrics, congenital genitourinary anomalies are the most common primary diseases leading to kidney failure, many with urological issues. Early urological evaluation for post-transplant bladder dysfunction and emphasis on immunization adherence are the mainstays of pediatric pretransplant and post-transplant evaluations...
November 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221713/effect-of-grass-sublingual-tablet-immunotherapy-is-similar-in-children-and-adults-a-bayesian-approach-to-design-pediatric-sublingual-immunotherapy-trials
#10
Amarjot Kaur, David Skoner, Joseph Ibrahim, Qing Li, Richard F Lockey, Michael Blaiss, Albrecht Bufe, Jens Strodl Andersen, Giorgio Walter Canonica, Hendrik Nolte
BACKGROUND: Large sample sizes are needed for sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) trials due to inherent data variability secondary to inconsistent allergen exposure. Obtaining large sample sizes for pediatric SLIT trials is challenging, but a Bayesian approach using prior adult data can reduce the necessary sample size. OBJECTIVE: To describe how a Bayesian framework utilizing prior information from adult trials can be used to improve pediatric SLIT clinical development...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214013/prediction-and-prevention-of-allergy-and-asthma-in-eaaci-journals-2016
#11
REVIEW
Jean Bousquet, Clive Grattan, Thomas Bieber, Paolo Matricardi, Hans Uwe Simon, Ulrich Wahn, Antonella Muraro, Peter W Hellings, Ioana Agache
The European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) owns three journals: Allergy, Pediatric Allergy and Immunology and Clinical and Translational Allergy. One of the major goals of EAACI is to support health promotion in which prevention of allergy and asthma plays a critical role and to disseminate the knowledge of allergy to all stakeholders including the EAACI junior members.
2017: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207322/identification-of-a-vte-rich-population-in-pediatrics-critically-ill-children-with-central-venous-catheters
#12
Minh Tran, Steven L Shein, Xinge Ji, Sanjay P Ahuja
BACKGROUND: The incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is rising among inpatients in US hospitals, especially among kids with central venous catheters (CVCs) in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). OBJECTIVES: To identify a sub-group of "VTE-rich" population among PICU children, and to assess the effect of VTE on morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Data was extracted from a multicenter Virtual PICU Database, or VPS, for children with a CVC and presence of a VTE...
January 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203386/procalcitonin-the-marker-of-pediatric-bacterial-infection
#13
Mohammad Yousef Memar, Mojtaba Varshochi, Behrooz Shokouhi, Mohammad Asgharzadeh, Hossein Samadi Kafil
Timely recognition of systemic bacterial infections in pediatric care setting is the basis for effective treatment and control. This review provides an overview of procalcitonin (PCT) as an early marker for the detection of severe, invasive bacterial infection in children. Almost all articles on biochemical property and clinical studies in PubMed and Scopus databases regarding their use in pediatric infections and the use of PCT as a marker of bacterial infections were examined. Various methods and analyzers are currently available for the evaluation of PCT...
December 1, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189677/defining-study-outcomes-that-better-reflect-individual-response-to-treatment
#14
Konstantia Nadia Angelidou, Paul Palumbo, Jane Lindsey, Avy Violary, Moherndran Archary, Linda Barlow, Brian Claggett, Michael Hughes, Lee-Jen Wei
BACKGROUND: Most clinical trials comparing treatments evaluate the separate effects on each of several efficacy and toxicity outcomes. However, population-averaged summary measures of treatment differences may not accurately reflect individual responses to treatment, and drawing conclusions about which treatment is "best" is straightforward if one treatment is superior across all outcomes, but challenging when this is not the case. METHODS: We created a study outcome based on expert opinion, which captures the risk/benefit profile of response to a treatment...
November 17, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183774/accelerated-subcutaneous-immunotherapy-in-pediatric-population-systematic-review
#15
R A Gomes Dos Reis Pimentel, G Oliveira, C S Ferreira Chaves Loureiro E Lemos
BACKGROUND: Accelerated subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) schedules represent an alternative to conventional SCIT, providing immunotherapy benefits in a shorter period of time. The objectives of this systematic review were to assess clinical and immunological efficacy as well as safety of accelerated SCIT build-up schedules for the treatment of respiratory allergy in pediatric patients. METHODS: Studies were located by searching PubMed, using "immunotherapy" and "desensitization" as keywords...
November 25, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178692/-management-of-vaccination-in-children-receiving-an-allogeneic-marrow-transplant
#16
S Blumental, A Ferster, N Azzi, P Lepage
Over the last decades, significant advances in the diagnosis and therapeutics have considerably improved success rate from bone marrow transplant in patients suffering from otherwise life-threatening diseases, allowing now for prolonged survival and better quality of life after an allograft. However, infectious diseases remain one of the most serious complication in this population, hence associated with a high morbidity and mortality. Prevention, in particular through vaccination, constitutes a cornerstone of the management of immunocompromised hosts, since this procedure aims to protect them once back to life in community after long periods of hospitalization...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176356/evolving-paradigms-for-new-agent-development-in-pediatric-oncology
#17
Andrea Flynn, Elizabeth Fox
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss considerations of new paradigms for clinical drug development in pediatric oncology that incorporate our expanding knowledge and complexity of molecular alterations associated with cancer; advances in cancer immunology and cellular therapy; the increasing number of new anticancer drugs, therapeutic approaches, and potential combinations; and recent initiatives by regulatory agencies to improve access to safe and effective therapies. RECENT FINDINGS: Cancer in children and adolescents is a rare event with significant long-term impact on individuals and society...
November 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168362/the-evaluation-of-right-and-left-ventricular-functions-in-children-with-episodic-wheezing-exposed-to-environmental-tobacco-smoke
#18
Önder Doksöz, Hikmet Tekin Nacaroğlu, Gökhan Ceylan, Mehmet Çeleğen, Şenay Aşık-Nacaroğlu, Demet Can, Timur Meşe, Nurettin Ünal
Doksöz Ö, Nacaroğlu HT, Ceylan G, Çeleğen M, Aşık-Nacaroğlu Ş, Can D, Meşe T, Ünal N. The evaluation of right and left ventricular functions in children with episodic wheezing exposed to environmental tobacco smoke. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 42-48. The objective of this study is to examine the right and left ventricular functions in children with episodic wheezing at the ages of 1-3 exposed to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). Thirty-two children monitored at the Pediatric Allergy and Immunology Department of a Research and Training Hospital with the diagnosis of episodic wheezing were included...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168232/current-state-and-future-of-paediatric-allergology-in-europe-a-road-map
#19
Olympia Tsilochristou, Paraskevi Maggina, Zaraquiza Zolkipli, Silvia Sanchez Garcia, Pinar Uysal, Monserrat Alvaro Lozano, Marina Atanaskovic-Markovic, Astghik Baghdasaryan, Kirsten Beyer, George DuToit, Roy Gerth van Wijk, Arne Høst, Jonathan O'Hourihane, Lars Ingemann, Juho E Kivistö, Jose Manuel Lopes Dos Santos, Erik Melén, Muraro Antonella, Antonio Nieto, Giovanni Pajno, Klaus Rose, Lagos A Réthy, Cansin Sackesen, Peter Schmid Grendelmeier, Erkka Valovirta, Magnus Wickman, Philippe A Eigenmann, Ulrich Wahn, Lauri-Ann van der Poel
The history of pediatric allergology (PA) in Europe is relatively youthful, dating back to 1984, when a small group of pediatricians founded the European Working Group on Pediatric Allergy and Immunology - later giving rise to ESPACI (European Society on Pediatric Allergology and Clinical Immunology). In 1990, the first dedicated journal, Pediatric Allergy and Immunology (PAI), was founded. There are striking differences across Europe, and even within European countries, in relation to the training pathways for doctors seeing children with allergic disease(s)...
November 23, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163537/mycn-amplification-is-associated-with-repressed-cellular-immunity-in-neuroblastoma-an-in-silico-immunological-analysis-of-target-database
#20
Peng Zhang, Xiaofang Wu, Moushumi Basu, Chen Dong, Pan Zheng, Yang Liu, Anthony David Sandler
Purpose: RNA and DNA sequencing data are traditionally used to discern intrinsic cellular pathways in cancer pathogenesis, their utility for investigating the tumor microenvironment (TME) has not been fully explored. This study explores the use of sequencing data to investigate immunity within the TME. Experimental design: Here, we use immune cell fraction estimation analysis to determine the immune profiles in the microenvironment of neuroblastoma (NB) based on RNA-seq data in the TARGET database...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
keyword
keyword
80895
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"