keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Peritoneal failure

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516109/serum-derived-bovine-immunoglobulin-as-novel-adjunct-in-complicated-clostridium-difficile-colitis-treatment
#1
Samson Ferm, Nims Varadi, Constantine Fisher, Ellen Gutkin
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a well-known complication of antibiotic therapy. It is associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and cost in the hospital setting. The main symptoms include watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, and distension, but CDI can also present as toxic megacolon, bowel perforation with peritonitis, sepsis and renal failure. Therapy includes metronidazole and oral vancomycin, with rectal vancomycin and fecal transplant reserved for more complicated cases. Adjunctive treatments such as probiotics have been tried with mixed results...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515370/acute-kidney-injury-following-cardiopulmonary-bypass-in-children%C3%A3-risk-factors-and-outcomes
#2
Seon Hwa Lee, Soo-Jin Kim, Hyung Joong Kim, Jae Sung Son, Ran Lee, Tae Gyoon Yoon
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is the most common and most serious complication following heart surgery. We aimed to determine the prevalence of, and risk factors for, AKI following pediatric cardiac surgery.Methods and Results:We retrospectively analyzed 135 patients aged ≤18 years who underwent cardiac surgery for congenital heart defects; by RACHS-1 category, 58 patients (43%) had an operative risk score ≥3. AKI was defined and classified using the pediatric pRIFLE criteria (Pediatric Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, and End-stage Kidney Disease); 19 patients (14...
May 17, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514703/bacterial-infections-and-hepatic-encephalopathy-in-liver-cirrhosis-prophylaxis-and-treatment
#3
REVIEW
Damian Piotrowski, Anna Boroń-Kaczmarska
Infections are common among patients with liver cirrhosis. They occur more often in cirrhotic patient groups than in the general population and result in higher mortality. One reason for this phenomenon is bacterial translocation from the intestinal lumen that occurs as a consequence of intestinal bacterial overgrowth, increased permeability and decreased motility. The most common infections in cirrhotic patients are spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and urinary tract infections, followed by pneumonia, skin and soft tissue infections...
May 14, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512393/immunoglobulin-a-lambda-multiple-myeloma-in-a-patient-with-hiv-an-unusual-cause-of-massive-ascites
#4
Molham Abdulsamad, Naeem Abbas, Harish Patel, Bhavna Balar, Misbahuddin Khaja
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a neoplastic proliferation of plasma cells with overproduction of monoclonal immunoglobulins and infiltration into the bone and other organs. Ascites can develop in patients with lymphoproliferative and solid malignancies involving the peritoneum. However, ascites is unusual in MM and rarely the initial presenting sign or symptom. The development of ascites can be due to peritoneal infiltration or secondary to hepatic involvement, heart failure, or kidney failure. Ascites in MM reflects a more aggressive stage, and the reported prognosis is poor, with a median survival of 1-2 months...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509139/unusual-listeria-monocytogenes-peritonitis-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patient-with-liver-cirrhosis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#5
Miloš Mitrović, P Đurić, A Janković, V Todorov, J Tošić-Dragović, N Simović, T Damjanović, N Dimković
Spontaneous Listeria peritonitis is well described in liver failure, but is uncommon in peritoneal dialysis patients. Atypical cases where peritonitis symptoms develop after systemic manifestations are rare and challenging for diagnostic. A 57-year-old peritoneal dialysis patient with history of ethylic cirrhosis was admitted after epileptic seizure. On admission, patient was soporous without signs of peritonitis and meningitis. Patient's peritoneal effluent was clear, with normal leukocytes. Cranial CT scan showed no abnormalities...
May 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508538/prognostic-value-of-predialysis-indices-for-technique-failure-and-mortality-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#6
Masaru Matsui, Yasuhiro Akai, Ken-Ichi Samejima, Hideo Tsushima, Kaori Tanabe, Katsuhiko Morimoto, Miho Tagawa, Yoshihiko Saito
Technique failure remains a frequent cause of peritoneal dialysis (PD) withdrawal. Many post-commencement predictors of PD technique failure have been identified, while predialysis predictors have remained unclear. The aim of this study was to identify predialysis indices for technique failure in PD patients. We recruited 206 consecutive PD patients who were treated at Nara Medical University Hospital between 1 April 1997 and 31 December 2012. Forty-eight patients were excluded because of transition from hemodialysis (HD) or withdrawal from PD within 3 months, leaving 158 patients for analysis...
May 15, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502331/risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-hepatitis-b-virus-related-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure
#7
Wei Yuan, Yu-Yi Zhang, Zheng-Guo Zhang, Ying Zou, Hong-Zhou Lu, Zhi-Ping Qian
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF); however, few studies concerning the risk factors and recovery patterns of renal function have been published. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 150 patients with HBV-ACLF was performed. The occurrence, risk factors and functional recovery of AKI among patients with HBV-ACLF were investigated. RESULTS: A total of 90 patients (60%) with HBV-ACLF developed AKI...
May 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501971/electrolyte-and-acid-base-disturbances-in-end-stage-liver-disease-a-physiopathological-approach
#8
REVIEW
José Víctor Jiménez, Diego Luis Carrillo-Pérez, Rodrigo Rosado-Canto, Ignacio García-Juárez, Aldo Torre, David Kershenobich, Eduardo Carrillo-Maravilla
Electrolyte and acid-base disturbances are frequent in patients with end-stage liver disease; the underlying physiopathological mechanisms are often complex and represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to the physician. Usually, these disorders do not develop in compensated cirrhotic patients, but with the onset of the classic complications of cirrhosis such as ascites, renal failure, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and variceal bleeding, multiple electrolyte, and acid-base disturbances emerge. Hyponatremia parallels ascites formation and is a well-known trigger of hepatic encephalopathy; its management in this particular population poses a risky challenge due to the high susceptibility of cirrhotic patients to osmotic demyelination...
May 13, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498300/volatile-decay-products-in-breath-during-peritonitis-shock-are-attenuated-by-enteral-blockade-of-pancreatic-digestive-proteases
#9
Frank A DeLano, Jason Chow, Geert W Schmid-Schönbein
There is a need to develop markers for early detection of organ failure in shock that can be non-invasively measured at point of care. We explore here the use of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in expired air in a rat peritonitis shock model. Expired breath samples were collected into Tedlar gas bags and analyzed by standardized gas chromatography. The gas chromatograms were digitally analyzed for presence of peak amounts over a range of Kovach indices. Following the induction of peritonitis, selected volatile compounds were detected within about one hour, which remained at elevated amounts over a 6 hours observation period...
May 11, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495592/mir-21-promotes-fibrogenesis-in-peritoneal-dialysis
#10
Melisa Lopez-Anton, Mark Lambie, Manuel Lopez-Cabrera, Claus P Schmitt, Vicente Ruiz-Carpio, Maria Bartosova, Betti Schaefer, Simon Davies, Timothy Stone, Robert Jenkins, Philip R Taylor, Nicholas Topley, Timothy Bowen, Donald Fraser
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a life-saving form of renal replacement therapy for those with end-stage kidney disease. Mesothelial cells (MCs) line the peritoneal cavity and help define peritoneal response to treatment-associated injury, a major reason for treatment failure. miRNAs are important regulators, but their roles in peritoneal fibrosis are largely unknown. In this study, miR-21 was one of the most abundant miRNAs in primary MCs, and was up-regulated by the profibrotic cytokine transforming growth factor-β1 and in PD effluent-derived MCs exhibiting mesenchymal phenotypic change...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494340/simple-and-rapid-quantification-of-vancomycin-in-serum-urine-and-peritoneal-pleural-effusion-via-uhplc-ms-ms-applicable-to-personalized-antibiotic-dosing-research
#11
Lenka Javorska, Lenka Kujovska Krcmova, Petr Solich, Milan Kaska
Management of the therapy of life-threatening bacterial infection is extremely based on an optimal antibiotic treatment. Achieving the correct vancomycin dosage in blood and target tissues can be complicated in special situations, e.g., where large fluid sequestration and/or acute renal failure occur. A UHPLC-MS/MS method operating in electrospray (ESI) positive ion mode was applied for the determination of vancomycin in serum, urine and peritoneal/pleural effusion. Sample pretreatment was composed of dilution and simple protein precipitation where only a small volume (50μL) of serum, urine or peritoneal/pleural effusion was required...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490530/il-6-promotes-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-of-human-peritoneal-mesothelial-cells-possibly-through-jak2-stat3-signaling-pathway
#12
Jing Xiao, Yanan Gong, Ying Chen, Dahai Yu, Xiaoyang Wang, Xiaoxue Zhang, Yanna Dou, Dong Liu, Genyang Cheng, Shan Lu, Wenming Yuan, Yansheng Li, Zhanzheng Zhao
Long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD) therapy results in functional and structural alteration of the peritoneal membrane, including epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a local pleiotropic cytokine, hypothesized to play an important role in EMT. This study was designed to investigate the role of IL-6 in EMT and peritoneal membrane dysfunction in long-term PD patients by assessing the level of IL-6 in dialysate and exploring the relationship between IL-6, the related signaling pathway JAK2/STAT3, and EMT, using in vitro cellular and molecular techniques...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489901/characterization-and-proteomic-profile-of-extracellular-vesicles-from-peritoneal-dialysis-efflux
#13
Laura Carreras-Planella, Jordi Soler-Majoral, Cristina Rubio-Esteve, Sara Inés Lozano-Ramos, Marcella Franquesa, Josep Bonet, Maria Isabel Troya-Saborido, Francesc Enric Borràs
Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) is considered the best option for a cost-effective mid-term dialysis in patients with Chronic Renal Failure. However, functional failure of the peritoneal membrane (PM) force many patients to stop PD treatment and start haemodialysis. Currently, PM functionality is monitored by the peritoneal equilibration test, a tedious technique that often show changes when the membrane damage is advanced. As in other pathologies, the identification and characterization of extracellular vesicles (EVs) in the peritoneal dialysis efflux (PDE) may represent a non-invasive alternative to identify biomarkers of membrane failure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485503/role-of-small-interfering-rna-silencing-protein-kinase-c-%C3%AE-gene-on-the-occurrence-of-ultrafiltration-failure-in-peritoneal-dialysis-rats
#14
Zhi-Wei Sun, Jian Wang, Min Weng, Jian-Zhong Tang, Jun-Feng Wang, Jian Xu, Ling Lin, Hong-Ling Yuan
This study aims to explore the effect of PKC-α gene silencing on the occurrence of ultrafiltration failure (UFF) in peritoneal dialysis (PD) rats. Forty-eight male SD rats were collected to establish 5/6 renal resection uremic and uremic PD rats models. Rats were assigned into control, sham operation, uremia, PD-2 W (peritoneal dialysis for 2 weeks), PD-4 W (peritoneal dialysis for 4 weeks), negative control (NC) (peritoneal dialysis for 4 weeks, and injected 0.1 mg/kg blank plasmid into abdominal cavity) and PKC-α siRNA (peritoneal dialysis for 4 weeks, and injected 0...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480823/clinical-course-of-hemodialysis-access-after-initial-endovascular-intervention-for-stenosis-in-asian-renal-failure-patients
#15
Dewahar Senthoor, Kyi Zin Thant, Tze-Kiat Ng, Pei Ho
BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and arteriovenous fistula graft (AVG) access for hemodialysis can develop stenosis, eventually leading to thrombosis and access failure. Prompt endovascular intervention can salvage the access but restenosis does occur. Clinical course, restenosis pattern, and risk factors associated with initial stenosis of AVFs/AVGs in Asian hemodialysis patients were studied. METHOD: A retrospective study was conducted (January 2009-June 2012) on consecutive patients with renal failure who developed the first-time stenosis in the vascular access and were managed with endovascular intervention...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480091/duodenal-graft-perforation-after-simultaneous-pancreas-kidney-transplantation
#16
Akihito Sannomiya, Ichiro Nakajima, Yuichi Ogawa, Kotaro Kai, Ichiro Koyama, Shohei Fuchinoue
A 45-year-old woman with type 1 diabetes and chronic renal failure on dialysis underwent simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation from a brain dead donor. On postoperative day 15, acute generalized peritonitis was diagnosed and emergency laparotomy was performed. Perforation of the donor duodenum was found, which had apparently resulted from duodenal compression by the tip of the intestinal fistula tube placed for decompression. The perforation was sutured and the intestinal fistula tube was exchanged. Following this, perforation repeatedly recurred at the same site and open repair at laparotomy was required a total of four times...
2017: Case Reports in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475818/kocher-maneuver-to-facilitate-cytoreduction-within-the-foramen-of-winslow
#17
Sung-Sik Han, Paul H Sugarbaker
A potential site for incomplete cytoreduction in patients with peritoneal metastases is the foramen of Winslow, especially the posterior aspect of the hepatoduodenal ligament. The Kocher maneuver can be used to rotate the duodenum, head of pancreas, and portal structures 180°. In so doing, the foramen of Winslow is clearly exposed for peritonectomy. Residual tumor at this site is a prominent cause of unnecessary treatment failure in the management of patients with mucinous appendiceal neoplasms.
May 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470384/first-60-fetal-in-utero-myelomeningocele-repairs-at-saint-louis-fetal-care-institute-in-the-post-moms-trial-era-hydrocephalus-treatment-outcomes-endoscopic-third-ventriculostomy-versus-ventriculo-peritoneal-shunt
#18
Samer K Elbabaa, Anne M Gildehaus, Matthew J Pierson, J Andrew Albers, Emanuel J Vlastos
INTRODUCTION: The published results of the Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS) trial in 2011 showed improved outcomes (reduced need for shunting, decreased incidence of Chiari II malformation, and improved scores of mental development and motor function) in the fetal prenatal repair group compared to the postnatal group. Historically, endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) remains as a controversial hydrocephalus treatment option with high failure rates in pediatric patients with a history of myelomeningocele (MMC)...
May 3, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458317/long-term-eculizumab-treatment-contributes-to-recovery-from-end-stage-renal-disease-caused-by-atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome
#19
Yuji Yamada, Ryohei Abe, Yutaka Okano, Yoshitaka Miyakawa
We experienced a favorable outcome in an adult case of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) after long-term eculizumab treatment. A 38-year-old Japanese man with a history of central retinal vein occlusion was admitted to our hospital with progressive dyspnea. He was found to have non-immune hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute renal failure two weeks after an episode of the common cold. Plasma exchange was ineffective; therefore, we initiated eculizumab after we excluded other thrombotic microangiopathies...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440737/heart-rate-variability-depression-in-porcine-peritonitis-induced-sepsis-without-organ-failure
#20
Dagmar Jarkovska, Lenka Valesova, Jiri Chvojka, Jan Benes, Vojtech Danihel, Jitka Sviglerova, Lukas Nalos, Martin Matejovic, Milan Stengl
Depression of heart-rate variability (HRV) in conditions of systemic inflammation has been shown in both patients and experimental animal models and HRV has been suggested as an early indicator of sepsis. The sensitivity of HRV-derived parameters to the severity of sepsis, however, remains unclear. In this study we modified the clinically relevant porcine model of peritonitis-induced sepsis in order to avoid the development of organ failure and to test the sensitivity of HRV to such non-severe conditions. In 11 anesthetized, mechanically ventilated and instrumented domestic pigs of both sexes, sepsis was induced by fecal peritonitis...
May 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
keyword
keyword
80889
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"