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Peritoneal failure

S Palthe, G A Dijkstra, M G Steffens
A spontaneous, non-traumatic, urinary bladder rupture is a rare condition. We describe a case of a 23-year-old male with a spontaneous bladder rupture secondary to urinary retention, due to an urethral stricture. He presented to the emergency department with voiding difficulties, severe abdominal pain and renal failure. Abdominal ultrasound revealed large amounts of ascites. After an unsuccessful attempt to place a Foley catheter a cystoscopy was performed which showed an urethral stricture. On CT-cystogram an intra-peritoneal bladder rupture was diagnosed and the patient underwent laparoscopic repair of the bladder wall...
March 2018: Urology Case Reports
M A Sohn, A Agha, P Steiner, A Hochrein, M Komm, R Ruppert, P Ritschl, F Aigner, I Iesalnieks
PURPOSE: Damage control strategy (DCS) is a two-staged procedure for the treatment of perforated diverticular disease complicated by generalized peritonitis. The aim of this retrospective multicenter cohort study was to evaluate the prognostic impact of an ongoing peritonitis at the time of second surgery. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent DCS for perforated diverticular disease of the sigmoid colon with generalized peritonitis at four surgical centers were included...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Matthew Tabinor, Emma Elphick, Michael Dudson, Chun Shing Kwok, Mark Lambie, Simon J Davies
Both overhydration and comorbidity predict mortality in end-stage kidney failure (ESKF) but it is not clear whether these are independent of one another. We undertook a systematic review of studies reporting outcomes in adult dialysis patients in which comorbidity and overhydration, quantified by whole body bioimpedance (BI), were reported. PubMed, EMBASE, PsychInfo and the Cochrane trial database were searched (1990-2017). Independent reviewers appraised studies including methodological quality (assessed using QUIPS)...
March 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
Hirotake Kasuga
Most of the peritoneal dialysis patients stop their peritoneal dialysis therapy and transfer to hemodialysis or kidney transplantation. In Japan, most end-stage kidney disease patients select hemodialysis after peritoneal dialysis discontinuation. Peritoneal dialysis catheter will be removed after stopping peritoneal dialysis. If peritoneal dialysis patients suffer from refractory peritonitis or severe tunnel infection, we remove the peritoneal dialysis catheter immediately. However, the causes of peritoneal dialysis discontinuation are ultrafiltration failure or peritoneal membrane dysfunction, and we have to consider the timing of peritoneal dialysis catheter removal...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
Thomas S Zajonz, Michael Sander, Winfried Padberg, Andreas Hecker, Ruediger Hörbelt, Christian Koch, Emmanuel Schneck
Background: Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) poses a widely used and accepted treatment option for patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis of gastrointestinal tumors. In contrast to the well-described risks and complications of intravenous cytostatic drugs, literature offers only scarce information of serious complications following HIPEC. To our knowledge no other description of rapid progressive pulmonary hypertension (PH) and consecutive respiratory failure following HIPEC have been described in current literature...
March 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Jenny H C Chen, David W Johnson, Carmel Hawley, Neil Boudville, Wai H Lim
Technique failure is a frequent complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD), but the association between causes of death-censored technique failure and mortality remains unclear. Using Australian and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant (ANZDATA) registry data, we examined the associations between technique failure causes and mortality in all incident PD patients who experienced technique failure between 1989-2014. Of 4663 patients, 2415 experienced technique failure attributed to infection, 883 to inadequate dialysis, 836 to mechanical failure and 529 to social reasons...
March 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
Chih-Ning Cheng, Shu-Wen Lin, Chien-Chih Wu
Linezolid, an oxazolidinone antibiotic, does not required dose adjustment in patients with Child's class A and B liver cirrhosis. The dose adjustment data for Child's class C liver cirrhosis is inadequate. We reported a case of Child's class C liver cirrhosis, in which lactic acidosis, an adverse effect related to prolonged use, occurred only after two weeks of linezolid treatment. A 63-year old male had underlying diseases, such as end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and Child's class C liver cirrhosis, and was admitted for hepatic encephalopathy management and liver transplantation evaluation...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Jeffrey Berinstein, Alisa Likhitsup, Sai Charan Vedula, Hari Conjeevaram
Cryptococcal peritonitis is an under-recognized disease that is an important cause of mortality in end-stage liver disease. We report a 43-year old male with decompensated cirrhosis secondary to refractory autoimmune hepatitis on immunosuppression with hepatocellular carcinoma who developed cryptococcal peritonitis. The patient subsequently developed ischemic bowel and multisystem organ failure secondary to abdominal compartment syndrome, leading to rapid deterioration and death. Frequently, these patients experience delays in diagnosis and treatment, which leads to a rapid and high mortality...
December 21, 2017: Curēus
I-Kuan Wang, Cheng-Li Lin, Tzung-Hai Yen, Shih-Yi Lin, Liu Yao-Lung, Fung-Chang Sung
PURPOSE: Icodextrin can enhance ultrafiltration and consequently improve fluid balance and can control blood pressure and reduce left ventricular mass for peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. This study investigated whether icodextrin use could reduce the risk of congestive heart failure (CHF) for PD patients. METHODS: From the Taiwan National Health Insurance database, we identified 5462 newly diagnosed end-stage renal disease patients undergoing PD from 2005 to 2010...
February 28, 2018: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Bolin Niu, Brian Kim, Berkeley N Limketkai, Jing Sun, Zhiping Li, Tinsay Woreta, Po-Hung Chen
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a serious complication of cirrhosis and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. In this study, we examined the clinical characteristics and risk factors associated with mortality in hospitalized patients presenting with SBP. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was queried for all hospitalizations involving SBP from 2006 to 2014 using the International Classification of Disease-9-CM Code...
February 26, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Joanne M Bargman, Michael Girsberger
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is one of the corner stones of renal replacement therapy and should be strongly considered if preemptive kidney transplantation is not available. SUMMARY: There are several initiatives that may help the growth in the use of PD around the world. First, PD is an underused and valuable option in patients with heart failure and the chronic cardiorenal syndrome, especially in those with frequent hospitalizations despite optimal medical therapy...
January 26, 2018: Blood Purification
Carlos Gustavo Trujillo, Cristina Domínguez, Daniela Robledo, Juan Ignacio Caicedo, Alejandra Bravo-Balado, Juan Guillermo Cataño, Natalia Cortés, Lina Parra, Wilson Riaño, Eduardo Londoño-Schimmer, Jorge Otero, Gabriel Herrera, Fernando Arias, Mauricio Plata
BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS-HIPEC) is associated with significant manipulation of the urinary tract (UT). We aim to describe the urological events and their management in patients who underwent CRS-HIPEC. METHODS: Clinical records of patients who underwent treatment between 2007 and 2015 were reviewed. Urological events and their multidisciplinary management were analyzed. Descriptive statistics were calculated...
February 23, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Nozomi Idota, Mami Nakamura, Misa Tojo, Hiroaki Ichioka, Kaori Shintani-Ishida, Hiroshi Ikegaya
An 11-month-old boy with marked abdominal distension was found dead in the prone position at home. Since there were many bruises in the non-protruding regions of the head, face, and abdomen, a medicolegal autopsy was performed the following day. The boy was smaller than average (height: 68.5 cm; weight: 7.8 kg); his extremities were thin; and his abdomen was remarkably bulging. Chylous ascites (1600 mL) was observed in the peritoneal cavity and chylous pleural effusion (left: 5 mL; right: 10 mL) in the thoracic cavity...
February 16, 2018: Legal Medicine
Guangjian Liu, Jinhai Chen
This study investigated the risk factors of peritonitis during early peritoneal dialysis for renal failure in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated systemic vasculitis (AASV). This study enrolled hospitalized AASV patients with renal failure who underwent peritoneal dialysis at the Department of Nephrology of our hospital between 2008 and 2015. The primary aim of this study was to perform a retrospective analysis to characterize peritonitis during the early period (≤ 8 weeks) of dialysis, and to compare the differences in initial clinical manifestations, vasculitis activity, immunosuppressive therapies prior to the renal replacement therapy, and prognosis between patients with or without peritonitis...
February 21, 2018: Clinical Nephrology
Nicole Cristine Rigonato-Oliveira, BreAnne Mackenzie, Andre Luis Lacerda Bachi, Manoel Carneiro Oliveira-Junior, Alana Santos-Dias, Maysa Alves Rodrigues Brandao-Rangel, Humberto Delle, Tamara Costa-Guimaraes, Nilsa Regina Damaceno-Rodrigues, Nilsa Regina Dulley, Marcela Anhesini Benetti, Christiane Malfitano, Christiane de Angelis, Regiane Albertini, Ana Paula Ligeiro Oliveira, Asghar Abbasi, Hinnak Northoff, Rodolfo Paula Vieira
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is defined as hypoxemic respiratory failure with intense pulmonary inflammation, involving hyperactivation of endothelial cells and neutrophils. Given the anti-inflammatory effects of aerobic exercise (AE), this study investigated whether AE performed daily for 5 weeks would inhibit extra-pulmonary LPS-induced ARDS. C57Bl/6 mice were distributed into Control, Exercise, LPS and Exercise+LPS groups. AE was performed on a treadmill for 5x/week for four weeks before LPS administration...
2018: Exercise Immunology Review
Tania Huria, Suetonia Palmer, Lutz Beckert, Jonathan Williman, Suzanne Pitama
BACKGROUND: In Aotearoa/New Zealand, Māori, as the indigenous people, experience chronic kidney disease at three times the rate of non-Māori, non-Pacific New Zealanders. Māori commence dialysis treatment for end-stage kidney disease at three times the rate of New Zealand European adults. To examine for evidence of inequity in dialysis-related incidence, treatment practices, and survival according to indigeneity in Aotearoa/New Zealand, utilising a Kaupapa Māori approach. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study involving adults who commenced treatment for end-stage kidney disease in Aotearoa/New Zealand between 2002 and 2011...
February 20, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
S A K Sharifah Zamiah, Che Rosle Draman, Mohd Ramli Seman, A Fariz Safhan, R Rozalina, N I Nik Ruzni
Cardiovascular (CV) event is the most common cause of death in dialysis patients. Both traditional and nontraditional CV risk factors related to malnutrition, inflammation, and anemia are commonly found in this population. This study was conducted to evaluate the burden factors of CV risk factors and its management in our regularly dialyzed patients. It was a single-center, cross-sectional analysis of prevalent intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients followed up in our hospital...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Ran Abuhasira, Yuval Mizrakli, Avi Shimony, Victor Novack, Alla Shnaider, Yosef S Haviv
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is highly prevalent in dialysis patients, however whether its impact differs between patients on haemodialysis (HD) vs. peritoneal dialysis (PD) is unknown. We aimed to compare the association of AF and clinical outcomes in different dialysis modalities. We performed a population based retrospective cohort study, including adult patients who initiated dialysis between the years 2002 and 2015. Clinical, echocardiographic and laboratory data were reviewed and correlated with outcomes in HD vs...
February 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Victoria Birlutiu, Rares Mircea Birlutiu
RATIONALE: Haemolytic-uremic syndrome is a rare but serious complication of bacterial and viral infections, which is characterized by the triad of: acute renal failure, microangiopathic haemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia, sometimes severe, requiring peritoneal dialysis. In Europe, hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) in paediatric pathology is primarily caused by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157, followed by O26. Beside these etiologies, there are other bacterial and viral infections, and also noninfectious ones that have been associated to lead to HUS as well: in the progression of neoplasia, medication-related, post-transplantation, during pregnancy or associated with the antiphospholipid syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus or family causes with autosomal dominant or recessive inheritance...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mohammad Reza Keramati, Ali Abbaszadeh-Kasbi, Amir Keshvari
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic laparoscopic omentopexy is a safe technique to prevent peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter obstruction. For the first time, we would like to describe a surgical technique in which the omentopexy is done using a single PD port which is used for the omentopexy, PD catheter insertion, and the rectus sheath tunneling of the catheter. METHODS: The surgical method of the omentopexy using the PD port (US Patent 20170119430) will be thoroughly described...
February 7, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
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