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Abdominal hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549758/prevalence-of-abdominal-obesity-and-its-association-with-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-among-older-adults-in-ecuador
#1
Carlos H Orces, Martha Montalvan, Daniel Tettamanti
AIMS: To describe the prevalence of abdominal obesity and its association with cardio metabolic risk factors among older adults in Ecuador. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study used data from the National Survey of Health, Wellbeing, and Aging survey to examine the prevalence of abdominal obesity according to certain demographic, behavioral, and health characteristics of the participants. Logistic regression models adjusted for potential confounders were used to evaluate the association of abdominal obesity with cardio metabolic risk factors...
May 15, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546041/10-years-single-centre-results-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-treatment-endovascular-vs-open-repair
#2
Payman Majd, Wael Ahmad, Ingrid Becker, Jan Sigge Brunkwall
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to compare the long-term survival in matched cohorts of patients with infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) undergoing an elective open repair (OR) or an endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with a primary elective repair of an infrarenal aortic aneurysm between 1998 and 2006 were identified in a retrospective review of our single centre database. EVAR and OR patients were matched with respect to age, gender, renal disease, tobacco use, hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and coronary artery disease...
May 22, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545266/-analysis-of-misssed-diagnosis-and-misdiagnosis-of-1-212-cases-with-placental-abruption
#3
D Xu, C Liang, J W Xu, J He
Objective: To investigate the risk factors and clinical manifestations of placental abruption, and to analyze the causes of missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted in 135 584 women who delivered in Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University from January 2005 to December 2015. The diagnosis of placental abruption was made in 1 212 cases. According to the consistency of prenatal and postnatal diagnosis, they were divided into 3 groups. (1) The diagnosis was consistent prenatally and postnatally in 715 cases(58...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542663/-periorbital-pallor-post-application-of-mydriatic-in-infants-with-hydrocephalus-associated-to-systemic-effects
#4
Jorge Luis Alvarado Socarras, Sandra Consuelo Rodríguez
Adequate pupil dilation is needed to evaluate some neonates at risk of developing illness during this stage. However, this procedure is not free of adverse effects, either local or systemic. One of these complications is the local vasoconstriction of the preterm baby’s skin following the application of mydriatic eye drops. OBJECTIVE: To describe secondary local and systemic complications of pharmacological pupil dilation in 2 newborns. Clinical case 1: Full term baby with diagnosis of low-birth weight and hydrocephalia...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542544/development-and-characterization-of-an-experimental-model-of-diet-induced-metabolic-syndrome-in-rabbit
#5
Oscar Julián Arias-Mutis, Vannina G Marrachelli, Amparo Ruiz-Saurí, Antonio Alberola, Jose Manuel Morales, Luis Such-Miquel, Daniel Monleon, Francisco J Chorro, Luis Such, Manuel Zarzoso
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has become one of the main concerns for public health because of its link to cardiovascular disease. Murine models have been used to study the effect of MetS on the cardiovascular system, but they have limitations for studying cardiac electrophysiology. In contrast, the rabbit cardiac electrophysiology is similar to human, but a detailed characterization of the different components of MetS in this animal is still needed. Our objective was to develop and characterize a diet-induced experimental model of MetS that allows the study of cardiovascular remodeling and arrhythmogenesis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542443/effects-of-pressure-support-and-pressure-controlled-ventilation-on-lung-damage-in-a-model-of-mild-extrapulmonary-acute-lung-injury-with-intra-abdominal-hypertension
#6
Cintia L Santos, Raquel S Santos, Lillian Moraes, Cynthia S Samary, Nathane S Felix, Johnatas D Silva, Marcelo M Morales, Robert Huhle, Marcelo G Abreu, Alberto Schanaider, Pedro L Silva, Paolo Pelosi, Patricia R M Rocco
Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) may co-occur with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), with significant impact on morbidity and mortality. Lung-protective controlled mechanical ventilation with low tidal volume and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) has been recommended in ARDS. However, mechanical ventilation with spontaneous breathing activity may be beneficial to lung function and reduce lung damage in mild ARDS. We hypothesized that preserving spontaneous breathing activity during pressure support ventilation (PSV) would improve respiratory function and minimize ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) compared to pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) in mild extrapulmonary acute lung injury (ALI) with IAH...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540905/tuberous-sclerosis-complex-bourneville-pringle-disease-in-a-25-year-old-female-with-bilateral-renal-angiomyolipoma-and-secondary-hypertension
#7
Sahar El Aoud, Faten Frikha, Mouna Snoussi, Raida Ben Salah, Zouhir Bahloul
Tuberous sclerosis or tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant inherited neurocutaneous disorder that variably affects the brain, skin, kidneys, heart, and other organs. It is characterized by skin and renal lesions in addition to central and peripheral nervous system tumors, with neurological and psychiatric findings. We report such a rare case of tuberous sclerosis in a 25-year-old female who presented with abdominal pain and hypertension. Physical examination showed dermatological signs that included hypopigmented maculae, shagreen plaque, angiofibromas on the centrofacial areas, periungual fibromas on toes, and molluscum pendulum around the neck...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536669/disparate-presentations-of-localized-cystic-disease-of-kidney-a-review-with-an-objective-of-correct-approach-for-accurate-treatment-plan
#8
Sachin Khanduri, Mriganki Chaudhary, Tushar Sabharwal, Aakshit Goyal, Gaurav Katyal
BACKGROUND: Localized cystic disease of the kidney is a rare, non-familial condition. Its imaging and clinical features are unique and need to be differentiated from autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and focal cystic masses such as multicystic nephroma and cystic renal cell carcinoma. It is always restricted to one kidney and is characterized by multiple cysts of varying sizes separated by residual normal renal tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study reports 12 cases of localized cystic disease of the kidney based on imaging findings and clinical histories...
April 22, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536219/-all-that-glitters-is-not-gold-when-hyperammonaemia-is-not-from-hepatic-aetiology
#9
Abubaker A I Hassan, Walid Ibrahim, Ahmed Subahi, Abdelaziz Mohamed
Hyperammonaemia is often caused by decompensated liver disease. However, non-hepatic causes can sometimes result in hyperammonaemia, severe enough to cause symptoms.We report a case of a 65-year-old man with a history of hypertension and bilateral peripelvic renal cyst who presented with acute confusion. Laboratory investigations revealed hyperammonaemia and normal liver function test. The abdominal ultrasound did not reveal any finding of liver disease or portal-systemic shunting but demonstrated bilateral peripelvic cysts with no hydronephrosis...
May 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535752/four-year-trends-in-adiposity-and-its-association-with-hypertension-in-serial-groups-of-young-adult-university-students-in-urban-cameroon-a-time-series-study
#10
Simeon-Pierre Choukem, André-Pascal Kengne, Maxime-Leolein Nguefack, Yannick Mboue-Djieka, Daniel Nebongo, Jackson T Guimezap, Jean Claude Mbanya
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major risk factor for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and is growing rapidly globally including in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We aimed to assess the trend in adiposity markers in Cameroonian university students, and investigated their associations with hypertension. METHODS: From 2009 to 2012, we annually measured weight, height, blood pressure, waist (WC) and hip circumferences, and calculated the body mass index (BMI) and other indices of adiposity in consecutive students aged 18 years or above, during their registration...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533908/ascites-refractory-ascites-and-hyponatremia-in-cirrhosis
#11
Brett Fortune, Andres Cardenas
Ascites is the most common complication related to cirrhosis and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Ascites is a consequence of the loss of compensatory mechanisms to maintain the overall effective arterial blood volume due to worsening splanchnic arterial vasodilation as a result of clinically significant portal hypertension. In order to maintain effective arterial blood volume, vasoconstrictor and antinatriuretic pathways are activated, which increase overall sodium and fluid retention...
May 2017: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527818/predictors-associated-with-increased-prevalence-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-in-chinese-patients-with-atherosclerotic-risk-factors
#12
W Li, S Luo, J Luo, Y Liu, B Ning, W Huang, L Xue, J Chen
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Epidemiological screening studies have demonstrated that the prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) of Asian origin appears to be low and so increases uncertainty about the cost effectiveness of screening for AAAs in Chinese people. Some studies have demonstrated a higher prevalence of AAA in patients with atherosclerotic risk factors. The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence of AAA and to explore the high risk group of AAA in Chinese patients with atherosclerotic risk factors...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522783/splenic-abcesses-as-infectious-complication-following-127-implantation-of-left-ventricular-asssist-device-case-report
#13
Sławomir Gajda, Anna M Szczepanik, Grzegorz Religa, Andrzej Misiak, Andrzej B Szczepanik
Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is one of the modern management therapies in patients with advanced heart failure, and it serves as a bridge to heart transplantation or even as destination therapy. However, it is burdened with a high risk of thromboembolic, hemorrhagic, and infectious complications despite prophylactic management. Splenic abscesses, as septic complications following implantation of mechanical ventricular support, have not yet been described in the literature. We report of a patient with severe left ventricular insufficiency (NYHA II/III), pulmonary hypertension, and arrhythmia who underwent implantation of the Heart Ware® pump for left ventricular support with simultaneous tricuspidvalvoplasty, as a bridge therapy to heart transplantation...
February 28, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522656/comparison-between-different-measures-of-body-fat-with-kidney-function-decline-and-incident-ckd
#14
Magdalena Madero, Ronit Katz, Rachel Murphy, Anne Newman, Kushang Patel, Joachim Ix, Carmen Peralta, Suzanne Satterfield, Linda Fried, Michael Shlipak, Mark Sarnak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although anthropometric measures of body fat are associated with development of CKD, they may not be able to distinguish between various forms of fat and therefore may be less accurate than computed tomography (CT) measures. We compared the association of CT and anthropometric measures of obesity with kidney outcomes in the Health Aging and Body Composition Study. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Participants were recruited from March of 1997 through July of 1998...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521326/the-yield-of-abdominal-ultrasound-in-the-evaluation-of-elevated-liver-enzymes-during-the-second-and-the-third-trimester-of-pregnancy
#15
Aya Mohr-Sasson, Eyal Schiff, Ramy Rahamim Suday, Zehava Hayman, Yeruham Kleinbaum, Anat Kalter-Farber, Roy Mashiach, Yoav Yinon, Moti Dulitzki, Eyal Sivan, Shali Mazaki-Tovi
AIMS: To determine the clinical yield of abdominal ultrasound in the evaluation of elevated liver enzymes (ELEs) in the second and the third trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study including all pregnant women admitted to a single tertiary care center was conducted between April 2011 and January 2015 with ELE. Inclusion criteria included gestational age above 24 weeks and ELEs, abdominal ultrasound report, and live fetus. Exclusion criteria included known maternal liver disease, structural or chromosomal fetal anomalies, and positive serology for viral hepatitis...
May 19, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515432/high-salt-intake-negatively-regulates-fat-deposition-in-mouse
#16
Huanxian Cui, Shuyan Yang, Maiqing Zheng, Ranran Liu, Guiping Zhao, Jie Wen
High-salt (HS) intake contributes to hypertension and cardiopathy, but the effect of HS on fat deposition is controversial. Feed intake, fat mass, the percentage of abdominal fat, heat production, rate of oxygen consumption and the respiratory exchange ratio of mice on a HS diet were significantly decreased (P < 0.01 or 0.05) compared with mice on a normal-salt (NS) diet. An in vitro experiment with differentiating pre-adipocytes showed reduced fat deposition in the presence of high concentrations of NaCl (>0...
May 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514403/-chronic-constipation-in-the-practice-of-a-therapist-features-of-therapy-for-comorbidity
#17
A A Svistunov, M A Osadchuk, L I Butorova, G M Tokmulina
AIM: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of laxatives with different pharmacological effects in the combination therapy in patients with chronic constipation (CC) concurrent with obesity, hypertensive disease, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 110 people (45 men, 65 women) aged 45 to 72 years with CC in the presence of concomitant diseases: grade 1 or 2 hypertensive disease + obesity + type 2 DM. The investigators determined the severity of abdominal pain syndrome and flatulence, by indicating the mean frequency of defecations per week and fecal consistency according to the Bristol stool scale; anthropometric parameters; serum biochemistry tests; and serum lipoprotein phenotyping...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513820/intra-abdominal-hypertension-and-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-in-acute-pancreatitis-hepato-pancreato-biliary-operations-and-liver-transplantation
#18
Alexsander K Bressan, Chad G Ball
Intra-abdominal hypertension, even preceding the onset of abdominal compartment syndrome, is still recognized as an adverse prognostic factor. Unfortunately, most of the current supporting evidence within the critical care environment remains observational in nature. In acute pancreatitis, an active role for intra-abdominal hypertension early in the disease process follows a strong intuitive basis, and it is corroborated by preliminary evidence from animal models. Additional studies are needed to better characterize the optimal fluid resuscitation strategy, as well as the importance of intra-abdominal hypertension as an early therapeutic target...
May 17, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511366/gender-linked-metric-analysis-of-portal-vein-a-sonographic-appraisal
#19
Shikha Singh, Arvind Kumar Pankaj, Anita Rani, Pradeep Kumar Sharma, Puja Chauhan
INTRODUCTION: Portal hypertension is one of the most mystifying and disconcerting abdominal ailment. Ultrasonography (USG) is an effective diagnostic tool for its prompt management. Knowledge of normal calibre of portal vein in a local setting is essential as literature reports contrasting values in different regions. It helps in early diagnosis of portal hypertension even before it is clinically manifested thereby assisting clinicians and interventional radiologists in pertinent management...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509621/atherosclerotic-vascular-diseases-have-really-the-same-risk-factors-comparison-between-large-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-and-obstructive-non-coronary-arterial-disease
#20
Dimitri Tsialtas, Maria Giulia Bolognesi, Riccardo Volpi, Roberto Bolognesi
Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there are differences among clinical conditions and traditional atherosclerotic risk factors between patients with large abdominal aortic aneurysm and those with occlusive non-coronary arterial disease. Methods We clinically examined 519 patients with asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm and 672 with severe obstructive arterial diseases before surgical repair. Results In patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm, we identified a clear predominance of males ( p < 0...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
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