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lung cancer, non small cell lung cancer, prognostic markers

Wuhao Huang, Shengguang Wang, Hua Zhang, Bin Zhang, Changli Wang
Objective: Cancer-associated inflammation and coagulation cascades play vital roles in cancer progression and survival. In this study, we investigated the significance of the combination of preoperative fibrinogen and the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in predicting the survival of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: We retrospectively enrolled 589 patients with NSCLC who underwent surgery. The univariate and multivariate Cox survival analyses were used to evaluate the prognostic indicators, including the combination of fibrinogen and NLR (F-NLR)...
February 2018: Cancer Biology & Medicine
Yujiao Xie, Yi Zhang, Lutao Du, Xiumei Jiang, Suzhen Yan, Weili Duan, Juan Li, Yao Zhan, Lili Wang, Shujun Zhang, Shuhai Li, Lishui Wang, Shuo Xu, Chuanxin Wang
Lung cancer is the first leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer. Increasing evidence shows that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are capable of modulating tumor initiation, proliferation and metastasis. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate whether circulating lncRNAs could be used as biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of NSCLC. Expression profiles of 14 lncRNAs selected from other studies were validated in 20 pairs of tissues by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), and the dysregulated lncRNAs thus identified were further validated in serum samples from two independent cohorts along with three tumor makers(CEA, CYFRA21-1 and SCCA)...
March 5, 2018: Molecular Oncology
Danielle Benedict Sacdalan, Josephine Anne Lucero, Dennis Lee Sacdalan
Introduction: Systemic inflammation is associated with prognosis in solid tumors. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a marker for the general immune response to various stress stimuli. Studies have shown correlation of NLR to outcomes in immune checkpoint blockade, peripheral neutrophil count to intratumor neutrophil population, and NLR to intratumoral levels of myeloid-derived suppressor cells. Studies have shown elevated peripheral blood regulator T cells accompanied by elevated NLR are associated with poor outcomes further highlighting the importance of inflammation in the prognosis of cancer patients...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Çiğdem Damla Deniz, Mehmet Gürbilek, Mehmet Koç
Background/aim: This study aimed to investigate the effect of chemoradiotherapy (CRT) on interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), which are critical markers of the clinical radiation response of patients with locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Materials and methods: Thirty patients who were treated with CRT and 20 healthy controls were prospectively evaluated. Circulating levels of cytokines were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay procedure...
February 23, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Hiromichi Shirasu, Akira Ono, Katsuhiro Omae, Kazuhisa Nakashima, Shota Omori, Kazushige Wakuda, Hirotsugu Kenmotsu, Tateaki Naito, Haruyasu Murakami, Masahiro Endo, Takashi Nakajima, Toshiaki Takahashi
CYFRA 21-1 is a prognostic marker for non-small cell lung cancer. The serum CYFRA 21-1 level is also known as an adjunct for the diagnosis of lung squamous cell carcinoma. This study aimed to examine whether CYFRA 21-1 has predictive implications for nivolumab therapy in patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma. Of the 79 patients who were treated with nivolumab therapy at the Shizuoka Cancer Center between December 2015 and September 2016, we retrospectively reviewed the data of 50 patients. The patient characteristics were as follows: age <70/≥70 years: 43 (86%)/7; male/female: 31 (62...
February 2018: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Marta Román, Iosune Baraibar, Inés López, Ernest Nadal, Christian Rolfo, Silvestre Vicent, Ignacio Gil-Bazo
Lung neoplasms are the leading cause of death by cancer worldwide. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) constitutes more than 80% of all lung malignancies and the majority of patients present advanced disease at onset. However, in the last decade, multiple oncogenic driver alterations have been discovered and each of them represents a potential therapeutic target. Although KRAS mutations are the most frequently oncogene aberrations in lung adenocarcinoma patients, effective therapies targeting KRAS have yet to be developed...
February 19, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Satoru Okada, Junichi Shimada, Satoshi Teramukai, Daishiro Kato, Hiroaki Tsunezuka, Naoko Miyata, Shunta Ishihara, Tatsuo Furuya, Chiaki Nakazono, Narumi Ishikawa, Masayoshi Inoue
BACKGROUND: The prognostic nutritional index (PNI), an immune nutritional marker based on serum albumin levels and total lymphocyte count, predicts postoperative complications in various types of malignancies. However, the clinical significance of the PNI for postoperative complications following lung cancer surgery is uncertain. METHODS: Patients with resected non-small cell lung cancer (n = 515) were retrospectively analyzed and the relationship between the preoperative PNI and postoperative complications was evaluated...
February 15, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Tatsunori Kiriu, Masatsugu Yamamoto, Tatsuya Nagano, Daisuke Hazama, Reina Sekiya, Masahiro Katsurada, Daisuke Tamura, Motoko Tachihara, Kazuyuki Kobayashi, Yoshihiro Nishimura
BACKGROUND: Nivolumab improves the survival of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but a significant number of patients still fail to benefit from this treatment. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of the time-series behavior of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in a complete blood count from advanced NSCLC patients as a predictive marker of the anticancer effect of nivolumab. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of medical records and collected data on patients with advanced NSCLC treated with nivolumab as second- and further-line treatments from December 2015 to March 2017...
2018: PloS One
Jingxia Chen, Hongfen Chen, Hanbing Yang, Huizhen Dai
In this study, we investigated the functional role and prognostic value of spindle pole body component 25 (SPC25) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). SPC25 expression profile in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) and normal lung tissues was examined by using data from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the Human Protein Atlas (HPA). LUAD A549 cells and LUSC H520 cells were used to investigate the influence of SPC25 on cancer stem cell (CSC) properties in terms of the proportion of CD133+ cells, tumorsphere formation and CSC markers, including CD133, ALDH1 and Sox2...
February 9, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Zhi-Jun Zhu, Jing-Kang He
Long non-coding RNAs are critically involved in oncogenesis in various cancer types. Here we reported a novel lncRNA signature correlated with progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In particular, we identified elevated expression of terminal differentiation-induced noncoding RNA (TINCR) in human NSCLC samples, which were associated with enhanced migration, viability in NSCLC cells in vitro. Higher TINCR level was also correlated with poor survival. Furthermore, TINCR increased xenograft tumor growth in vivo mouse models...
February 7, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
David Onion, Mark Isherwood, Naveen Shridhar, Mikalena Xenophontos, Madeleine L Craze, Laura J Day, María A García-Márquez, Robert G Pineda, Alexander M Reece-Smith, John H Saunders, John P Duffy, Richard H Argent, Anna M Grabowska
The complex interplay of the tumour microenvironment (TME) and its role in disease progression and response to therapy is poorly understood. The majority of studies to date focus on individual components or molecules within the TME and so lack the power correlative analysis. Here we have performed a multi-parameter analysis of the TME in 62 resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) specimens detailing number and location of immune infiltrate, assessing markers of cancer-associated fibroblasts, caveolin-1 and tenascin-C, and correlating with clinicopathological details, as well as markers of disease progression such as epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT)...
January 5, 2018: Oncotarget
Guanghui Wang, Wei Ma, Yun Li, Yuanzhu Jiang, Guoyuan Ma, Xiangwei Zhang, Long Meng, Jiajun Du
OBJECTIVES: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. The 5-year survival rate for patients after curative surgery with pathological N0 non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is as low as 56%, which is due to recurrence and metastasis. Emerging evidence suggests that epithelial-mesenchymal transition is important for cancer metastasis. Twist and Snail are epithelial-mesenchymal transition regulators that induce metastasis by down-regulating E-cadherin. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of Twist, Snail and E-cadherin expression in patients with resectable pathological N0 NSCLC...
February 5, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Kang-Seo Park, Yong Wha Moon, Mark Raffeld, Dae Ho Lee, Yisong Wang, Giuseppe Giaccone
OBJECTIVES: Cripto-1 (CR-1) plays a critical role in the activation of SMAD, SRC, and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) pathways and has been shown to be prognostic in several cancer types. In addition, we showed that CR-1 renders EGFR-mutated NSCLC cells resistant to EGFR-TKI through the activation of SRC and EMT via miR-205 downregulation. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between expression of CR-1 and miR-205 and prognosis of NSCLC patients with or without EGFR mutations...
February 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Weimiao Li, Guoxu Zheng, Jinghua Xia, Guang Yang, Jianyong Sun, Xuejiao Wang, Miaomiao Wen, Ying Sun, Zhipei Zhang, Faguang Jin
The cell cycle-related and expression-elevated protein in tumor (CREPT) is overexpressed in several human malignancies. However, the clinical relevance of CREPT expression and its biological role in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unclear. In this study, we detected the expression of CREPT in both NSCLC tissues and cell lines by immunohistochemistry, Western blot analysis, and RT-PCR. The correlation between CREPT expression and clinicopathologic features was analyzed in 271 NSCLC patients. The prognostic value of CREPT expression was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression analysis...
February 3, 2018: Cancer Science
Sigurd M Hald, Mehrdad Rakaee, Inigo Martinez, Elin Richardsen, Samer Al-Saad, Erna-Elise Paulsen, Egil Støre Blix, Thomas Kilvaer, Sigve Andersen, Lill-Tove Busund, Roy M Bremnes, Tom Donnem
BACKGROUND: Lymphocyte activation gene-3 (LAG-3) is an immune checkpoint receptor and a putative therapeutic target in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We explored the prognostic effect of LAG-3+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in primary tumors and metastatic lymph nodes in NSCLC and its potential for inclusion in an immunoscore, supplementing the TNM classification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Primary tumor tissue from 553 stage I-IIIB NSCLC patients and 143 corresponding metastatic lymph nodes were collected...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
Chuangzhou Rao, Liangqin Nie, Xiaobo Miao, Yunbao Xu, Bing Li, Tengfei Zhang
Purpose: Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is a noninvasive and real-time marker for tumor diagnosis, prognosis, and prediction. However, further investigations about ctDNA prognostic and predictive value are still needed, and conclusions from several studies were inconsistent. Experimental design: We performed capture-based targeted ultradeep sequencing on liquid biopsies from a cohort of 34 advanced Chinese non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and analyzed the clinical use of ctDNA in this study...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Vlastimil Kulda, Martin Svaton, Petr Mukensnabl, Kristyna Hrda, Pavel Dvorak, Zbynek Houdek, Katerina Houfkova, Radana Vrzakova, Vaclav Babuska, Milos Pesek, Martin Pesta
Attributing to their pathophysiological role and stability in biological samples, microRNAs (miRNAs) have the potential to become valuable predictive markers for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Samples of biopsy tissue constitute suitable material for miRNA profiling with the aim of predicting the effect of palliative chemotherapy. The present study group included 81 patients (74 males, 7 females, all smokers or former smokers) with the squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) histological subtype of NSCLC at a late stage (3B or 4)...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
May N Tsao, Wei Xu, Rebecca Ks Wong, Nancy Lloyd, Normand Laperriere, Arjun Sahgal, Eileen Rakovitch, Edward Chow
BACKGROUND: This is an update to the review published in the Cochrane Library (2012, Issue 4).It is estimated that 20% to 40% of people with cancer will develop brain metastases during the course of their illness. The burden of brain metastases impacts quality and length of survival. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and adverse effects of whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) given alone or in combination with other therapies to adults with newly diagnosed multiple brain metastases...
January 25, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Gen Lin, Chao Li, Cheng Huang, Wu Zhuang, Yunjian Huang, Haipeng Xu, Qian Miao, Dan Hu
Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) as a prognostic marker remains unclear in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Here, we studied NF-κB-p65 (p65) expression and phosphorylated NF-κB-p105 (p-p105) expression in NSCLC and correlated the finding with overall survival (OS) and clinicopathological features. A total of 186 archival samples from patients with surgically resectable NSCLC were probed with p65 and p-p105 (Ser 932). The p65-positive expression and p-p105-positive expression were defined as distinct nuclear p65 and cytoplasmic p-p105 labelling in at least 1% of tumour cells, respectively...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Yi Shan, Hui Ding, Junjie Lu, Zhijun Ge, Yongfei Tan
Over-expressed meningioma-associate protein (MAC30) in tissues was associated with malignant tumor differentiation, metastasis and poor prognosis. However, the attention of MAC30 in pleural effusion from lung tumor is insufficient. Our retrospective study was prepared to explore the clinical values on diagnosis and prognosis of MAC30 from malignant pleural effusion (MPE) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Levels of MAC30 were confirmed in MPE from 48 NSCLC patients and in benign pleural effusion (BPE) from 45 controls via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
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