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Sleep and pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901633/response-to-mortazavi-s-comment
#1
Bellieni Carlo Valerio, Giuseppe Buonocore
Mortazavi's comment (1) on our letter (2) on whether electromagnetic fields (EMF) in incubators are a risk factor for autism contains several points that need to be corrected. First, we did not base our observations just on our previous papers as Mortazavi maintains. In fact, our observations were also based on several more papers about EMF in incubators, including the paper by Calvente et al, which was published in 2017 (3). Second, it is incorrect to write that a very simple intervention, such as changing the infants' sleep position, namely the position of the head and feet, can lead to a significant drop, as big as several orders of magnitude, in the infant's brain exposure (1), because in most incubators EMF levels are similar at all points of the mattress...
September 13, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899534/gene-by-environment-interactions-of-the-clock-pemt-and-ghrelin%C3%A2-loci-with-average-sleep-duration-in-relation-to-obesity-traits%C3%A2-using-a-cohort-of-643-new-zealand-european-children
#2
Mohanraj Krishnan, Andrew N Shelling, Clare R Wall, Edwin A Mitchell, Rinki Murphy, Lesley M E McCowan, John M D Thompson
OBJECTIVES: Modern technology may have desensitised the 'biological clock' to environmental cues, disrupting the appropriate co-ordination of metabolic processes. Susceptibility to misalignment of circadian rhythms may be partly genetically influenced and effects on sleep quality and duration could predispose to poorer health outcomes. Shorter sleep duration is associated with obesity traits, which are brought on by an increased opportunity to eat and/or a shift of hormonal profile promoting hunger...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879820/effects-of-the-healthy-start-randomized-intervention-on-dietary-intake-among-obesity-prone-normal-weight-children
#3
Jeanett F Rohde, Sofus C Larsen, Lars Ängquist, Nanna J Olsen, Maria Stougaard, Erik L Mortensen, Berit L Heitmann
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the impact of a 15-month intervention on dietary intake conducted among obesity-prone normal-weight pre-school children. DESIGN: Information on dietary intake was obtained using a 4 d diet record. A diet quality index was adapted to assess how well children's diet complied with the Danish national guidelines. Linear regression per protocol and intention-to-treat analyses of differences in intakes of energy, macronutrients, fruit, vegetables, fish, sugar-sweetened beverages and diet quality index between the two groups were conducted...
September 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869923/infant-maternal-and-familial-predictors-and-correlates-of-regulatory-problems-in-early-infancy-the-differential-role-of-infant-temperament-and-maternal-anxiety-and-depression
#4
Julia Martini, Johanna Petzoldt, Susanne Knappe, Susan Garthus-Niegel, Eva Asselmann, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen
BACKGROUND: Excessive infant crying, feeding and sleeping problems are likely to emerge from the complex interplay of various factors. AIMS: To investigate the role of infant (e.g., temperament), maternal (e.g., anxiety and depressive disorders), and familial (e.g., social support) factors as potential precursors of infant regulatory problems. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective-longitudinal study. SUBJECTS: 286 mother-infant dyads were investigated from early pregnancy until 16 months postpartum via questionnaires and interviews...
September 1, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866296/relation-of-plasma-tryptophan-concentrations-during-pregnancy-to-maternal-sleep-and-mental-well-being-the-gusto-cohort
#5
Linde van Lee, Shirong Cai, See Ling Loy, Elaine K H Tham, Fabian K P Yap, Keith M Godfrey, Peter D Gluckman, Lynette P C Shek, Oon Hoe Teoh, Daniel Y T Goh, Kok Hian Tan, Yap Seng Chong, Michael J Meaney, Helen Chen, Birit F P Broekman, Mary F F Chong
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests a relation between plasma tryptophan concentrations and sleep and mental well-being. As no studies have been performed in pregnant women, we studied the relation of plasma tryptophan concentrations during pregnancy with sleep quality, and mood during and after pregnancy. METHODS: Pregnant women (n = 572) from the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes study completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) at 26-28 weeks gestation and three months post-delivery...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866020/sleep-quality-during-pregnancy-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Ivan D Sedov, Emily E Cameron, Sheri Madigan, Lianne M Tomfohr-Madsen
Women's sleep quality has been reported to change during pregnancy; prevalence estimates of poor sleep quality during pregnancy vary widely. To further understand the observed variation of findings, we conducted a meta-analysis to quantify the prevalence of poor sleep quality during pregnancy. Articles (N = 24) that reported prevalence of poor sleep quality as captured by the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) ≥ 5 were included, with a total of 11,002 participants contributing data. PubMed, PsycINFO, and Web of Science databases were systematically searched...
June 15, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859715/insomnia-in-pregnancy-is-associated-with-depressive-symptoms-and-eating-at-night
#7
Dorota Wołyńczyk-Gmaj, Anna Różańska-Walędziak, Simon Ziemka, Marcin Ufnal, Aneta Brzezicka, Bartłomiej Gmaj, Piotr Januszko, Sylwia Fudalej, Krzysztof Czajkowski, Marcin Wojnar
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Deterioration in sleep quality seems to be a natural consequence of physical changes during pregnancy. It is still unclear if insomnia in pregnancy is associated with the same factors as chronic insomnia in the general population. The aim of this study was to explore the determinants of insomnia during pregnancy. METHODS: The study included 266 women (mean age: 30.6 ± 5 years, weeks of pregnancy: 36 [interquartile range 32-38]) recruited at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Medical University of Warsaw...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845959/sleep-disorders-restless-legs-syndrome
#8
Deepa Burman
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common disorder that often is underdiagnosed and undertreated. Patients with RLS describe an urge to move their legs, especially in the evenings and during periods of inactivity. The prevalence of clinically significant RLS is approximately 2% to 3% in adults in Europe and North America. RLS can be an independent disorder or may occur in conjunction with other conditions (eg, iron deficiency, pregnancy, chronic renal failure). Diagnosis is based on clinical history. Routine polysomnography typically is not recommended unless there is suspicion of other sleep disorders (eg, obstructive sleep apnea)...
September 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844866/intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-and-use-of-antenatal-care-among-rural-women-in-southern-terai-of-nepal
#9
Jitendra Kumar Singh, Sara Evans-Lacko, Dilaram Acharya, Rajendra Kadel, Salila Gautam
BACKGROUND: Underutilisation of antenatal care services due to intimate partner violence during pregnancy has been well documented elsewhere, but it is understudied in Nepal. Our study aimed at exploring the impact of intimate partner violence on antenatal care service utilisation in southern Terai of Nepal. METHOD: A community-based cross-sectional study was performed in 6 village development committees in Dhanusha district, Nepal. A total of 426 pregnant women in their second trimester were selected using a multistage cluster sampling method...
August 24, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841741/-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-and-pregnancy
#10
M Orth, T Schäfer, S Schiermeier, K Rasche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828192/low-utilization-of-insecticide-treated-bed-net-among-pregnant-women-in-the-middle-belt-of-ghana
#11
Grace Manu, Ellen Abrafi Boamah-Kaali, Lawrence Gyabaa Febir, Emmanuel Ayipah, Seth Owusu-Agyei, Kwaku Poku Asante
BACKGROUND: Malaria in pregnancy leads to low birth weight, premature birth, anaemia, and maternal and neonatal mortality. Use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) during pregnancy is one of the proven interventions to reduce the malaria burden. However, Ghana has not achieved its target for ITN use among pregnant women. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in seven communities purposively selected from the middle belt of Ghana. Participants who had delivered in the six months prior to this study were selected...
2017: Malaria Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828052/the-role-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-developing-gestational-hypertension-and-preeclampsia
#12
Laura Lungeanu-Juravle, Natalia Patrascu, Oana Claudia Deleanu, Mircea Cinteza
Gestational hypertension and preeclampsia are the most frequent medical complications in pregnancy and major causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. It is also known that these conditions are associated with a long term increased cardiovascular global risk for these young women. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) seems to be not only a frequent pathology associated with pregnancy but also an independent factor for developing gestational hypertension. It is well known the relationship between gestational hypertension, preeclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction of the foetus so the outcomes of this pathologies are important for both mother and child...
December 2016: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796676/sleep-disorder-diagnosis-during-pregnancy-and-risk-of-preterm-birth
#13
Jennifer N Felder, Rebecca J Baer, Larry Rand, Laura L Jelliffe-Pawlowski, Aric A Prather
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that sleep disorder diagnosis would be associated with increased risk of preterm birth and to examine risk by gestational age, preterm birth type, and specific sleep disorder (insomnia, sleep apnea, movement disorder, and other). METHODS: In this observational study, participants were from a cohort of nearly 3 million women in California between 2007 and 2012. Inclusion criteria were women with singleton neonates liveborn between 20 and 44 weeks of gestation without chromosomal abnormalities or major structural birth defects linked to a hospital discharge database maintained by the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development and without mental illness during pregnancy...
September 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791548/insomnia-postpartum-depression-and-estradiol-in-women-after-delivery
#14
Ewa Drozdowicz-Jastrzębska, Michał Skalski, Paulina Gdańska, Anna Mach, Piotr Januszko, Rafał J Nowak, Piotr Węgrzyn, Mirosław Wielgoś, Maria Radziwoń-Zaleska
After childbirth, women may develop symptoms of depression with the associated sleep disturbances. This study assessed the relationship between insomnia and both depression symptoms and blood estradiol levels in women during the early postpartum period. 84 patients were assessed 24-48 h after labor. The main assessment methods were the following psychometric scales: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS). Serum estradiol levels were measured using ELISA assay...
August 8, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777972/maternal-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-during-the-perinatal-period-and-child-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Natalie Cook, Susan Ayers, Antje Horsch
BACKGROUND: Approximately 3.3% of women in pregnancy have posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and 4% of women postpartum PTSD. The impact of maternal PTSD during the perinatal period (from conception until one year postpartum) on child outcomes has not been systematically examined. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted to synthesize and critically evaluate quantitative research investigating the association between perinatal PTSD and child outcomes. Databases EMBASE, BNI, Medline, PsycInfo and CINAHL were searched using specific inclusion and exclusion criteria...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746341/association-of-prenatal-exposure-to-benzodiazepines-and-child-internalizing-problems-a-sibling-controlled-cohort-study
#16
Ragnhild E Brandlistuen, Eivind Ystrom, Sonia Hernandez-Diaz, Svetlana Skurtveit, Randi Selmer, Marte Handal, Hedvig Nordeng
BACKGROUND: During pregnancy, many women experience sleep problems and anxiety that require treatment. The long-term safety for the child of maternal benzodiazepine (BZD) and z-hypnotic use during pregnancy remains controversial. METHOD: We conducted a cohort and a sibling control study using data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. Data on use of BZD and z-hypnotics, internalizing and externalizing outcomes, and covariates were collected from mothers at gestational weeks 17 and 30 and when children were 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739361/gender-affects-long-term-neurological%C3%A2-outcome-of-neonates
#17
Amir Freud, Eyal Sheiner, Tamar Wainstock, Daniella Landau, Asnat Walfisch
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the possible association between fetal gender and long-term pediatric neurological morbidity. METHODS: We performed a population-based retrospective cohort analysis comparing the risk of long-term neurological morbidity (up to age 18 years) of children born during the years 1991 to 2013 according to their gender. Neurological morbidity evaluated included hospitalizations in childhood involving pervasive developmental disorder, obstructive sleep apnea, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and infantile spasms and disorders of eating as recorded in the hospital files...
September 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738757/determinants-of-sleep-quality-among-pregnant-women-in-china-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Ying Yang, Jing Mao, Zhiying Ye, Xiaoli Zheng, Huimin Zhao, Yueting Liu, Jie Li
PURPOSE: Sleep disturbances are common during pregnancy, yet few studies are currently available regarding the determinants of sleep quality among pregnant women in China. This study aimed to (a) calculate the prevalence of sleep disorder during pregnancy, (b) examine the difference in sleep quality among three trimesters, and (c) identify determinants of sleep quality in pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was designed as a cross-sectional survey...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735925/upper-airway-flow-limitation-and-transcutaneous-carbon-dioxide-during-sleep-in-normal-pregnancy
#19
Ville Rimpilä, Riina Jernman, Katariina Lassila, Jukka Uotila, Heini Huhtala, Johanna Mäenpää, Olli Polo
OBJECTIVE: Sleep during pregnancy involves a physiological challenge to provide sufficient gas exchange to the fetus. Enhanced ventilatory responses to hypercapnia and hypoxia may protect from deficient gas exchange, but sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) may predispose to adverse events. The aim of this study was to analyze sleep and breathing in healthy pregnant women compared to non-pregnant controls, with a focus on CO2 changes and upper-airway flow limitation. METHODS: Healthy women in the third trimester and healthy non-pregnant women with normal body mass index (BMI) were recruited for polysomnography...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726747/sleep-duration-and-quality-in-pregnant-women-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-china
#20
Xianglong Xu, Dengyuan Liu, Zhangyi Zhang, Manoj Sharma, Yong Zhao
Objectives: Good maternal health and fetal development require sufficient and good quality of sleep during pregnancy. This study investigated sleep duration and quality in pregnant women, assessing factors with possibly influence on sleep. Method: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on pregnant women between June and August in 2015 in 16 hospitals in five provinces in China. A total of 2345 pregnant women aged 18 years and older were surveyed. Insufficient sleeping duration was defined as sleeping of less than 7 h per day...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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