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Sleep and pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526664/effect-of-a-counseling-session-bolstered-by-text-messaging-on-self-selected-health-behaviors-in-college-students-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Janice Sandrick, Doreen Tracy, Arn Eliasson, Ashley Roth, Jeffrey Bartel, Melanie Simko, Tracy Bowman, Karen Harouse-Bell, Mariam Kashani, Marina Vernalis
BACKGROUND: The college experience is often the first time when young adults live independently and make their own lifestyle choices. These choices affect dietary behaviors, exercise habits, techniques to deal with stress, and decisions on sleep time, all of which direct the trajectory of future health. There is a need for effective strategies that will encourage healthy lifestyle choices in young adults attending college. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary randomized controlled trial tested the effect of coaching and text messages (short message service, SMS) on self-selected health behaviors in the domains of diet, exercise, stress, and sleep...
May 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522106/shorter-sleep-duration-in-early-pregnancy-is-associated-with-birth-length-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-wuhan-china
#2
Weiye Wang, Chunrong Zhong, Yu Zhang, Li Huang, Xi Chen, Xuezhen Zhou, Renjuan Chen, Xiating Li, Mei Xiao, Liping Hao, Xuefeng Yang, Nianhong Yang, Sheng Wei
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between sleep duration in early pregnancy and fetal growth in a prospective cohort study of 3567 Chinese women. METHODS: Pregnant women at 8-16 weeks of gestation were interviewed using a semi-quantitative questionnaire to assess sleep duration. Birth weight and birth length were measured by a midwife in the delivery room at birth; low birth weight (LBW) was defined as birth weight <2500 g and small for gestational age (SGA) was defined as <10th customized centile...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504561/sexual-violence-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-college-women-with-a-mental-health-and-or-behavior-disability
#3
Amy Bonomi, Emily Nichols, Rebecca Kammes, Troye Green
OBJECTIVES: We address questions about (1) how college women with a disability experience sexual violence (SV) and intimate partner violence (IPV) across partners, including disability-specific abuse and (2) how SV/IPV impacts psychological, behavioral, physical, and academic life domains. METHODS/DESIGN: Twenty-seven female college students (mean age, 21.2; 66.6% white; 66.6% heterosexual) were randomly sampled from university registrar records. To be eligible for the study, students had to have at least one experience of SV/IPV since age 18 and a disability (88...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500672/telomere-length-and-fetal-programming-a-review-of-recent-scientific-advances
#4
Valerie E Whiteman, Anjali Goswami, Hamisu M Salihu
We sought to synthesize a comprehensive literature review comprising recent research linking fetal programming to fetal telomere length. We also explored the potential effects fetal telomere length shortening has on fetal phenotypes. Utilizing the PubMed database as our primary search engine, we retrieved and reviewed 165 articles of published research. The inclusion criteria limited the articles to those that appeared within the last ten years, were pertinent to humans, and without restriction to language of publication...
May 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488099/pregnancy-and-postpartum-antidepressant-use-moderates-the-effects-of-sleep-on-depression
#5
Kristen C Stone, Amy L Salisbury, Cynthia L Miller-Loncar, Jennifer A Mattera, Cynthia L Battle, Dawn M Johnsen, Kevin E O'Grady
This study examined the course of antidepressant use, sleep quality, and depression severity from pregnancy through 6-month postpartum in women with and without a depressive disorder during pregnancy. Women (N = 215) were interviewed during pregnancy, 1- and 6-month postpartum. Mixed linear models were used to examine the longitudinal course and inter-relationships for the time-varying variables of antidepressant use, subjective sleep quality, and depression severity. Pregnant women with a depressive disorder who did not use antidepressants had more variable depression severity over time with improvements in depression severity by 6-month postpartum...
May 9, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476136/effect-of-supervised-exercise-in-groups-on-psychological-well-being-among-pregnant-women-at-risk-of-depression-the-ewe-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Lotte Broberg, Mette Backhausen, Peter Damm, Per Bech, Ann Tabor, Hanne Kristine Hegaard
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with depression and/or anxiety prior to pregnancy are at higher risk of preterm birth, breastfeeding problems, postpartum depression, and disruption of the mother-infant attachment. It is well documented that exercise improves psychological well-being in nonpregnant subjects with symptoms of depression. However, in only a few small studies have researchers examined the effect of exercise on symptoms of depression among pregnant women. We hypothesize that physiotherapist-supervised group exercise for pregnant women at risk of antenatal depression increases their psychological well-being...
May 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471830/impact-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-symptoms-on-the-quality-of-life-in-pregnant-women-a-prospective-study
#7
Sara Fill Malfertheiner, Birgit Seelbach-Göbel, Serban-Dan Costa, Wolfgang Ernst, Edith Reuschel, Florian Zeman, Peter Malfertheiner, Maximilian V Malfertheiner
OBJECTIVE: Pregnant women often suffer from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). GERD symptoms are known to influence the quality of life; however, there is a lack of data in pregnant women. The aim of this study was to establish the impact of GERD symptoms on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) during pregnancy. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A prospective longitudinal cohort study to investigate the impact of GERD symptoms on the HRQOL was carried out in 510 pregnant women and 330 nonpregnant women as controls...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449913/allostatic-load-in-early-pregnancy-is-associated-with-poor-sleep-quality
#8
Vanessa J Hux, James M Roberts, Michele L Okun
BACKGROUND: Allostatic load (AL) measures the cumulative impact of chronic stress and is associated with adverse health outcomes. A novel scoring system has previously been developed for AL in early pregnancy that is associated with pre-eclampsia. It was hypothesized that AL, as identified by the present model, is associated with psychosocial stressors and, specifically, poor sleep quality. METHODS: Women were selected from a low-risk, community-dwelling study population who enrolled at <15 weeks gestation...
May 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449892/medical-comorbidity-in-narcolepsy-findings-from-the-burden-of-narcolepsy-disease-bond-study
#9
J Black, N L Reaven, S E Funk, K McGaughey, M M Ohayon, C Guilleminault, C Ruoff
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate medical comorbidity patterns in patients with a narcolepsy diagnosis in the United States. PATIENTS/METHODS: This was a retrospective medical claims data analysis. Truven Health Analytics MarketScan® Research Databases were accessed to identify individuals ≥18 years of age with ≥1 diagnosis code for narcolepsy (International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-9, 347.0, 347.00, 347.01, 347.1, 347...
May 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435340/stress-and-its-predictors-in-pregnant-women-a-study-in-saudi-arabia
#10
Anwar E Ahmed, Alhanouf N Albalawi, Asmaa A Alshehri, Rand M AlBlaihed, Majid A Alsalamah
BACKGROUND: Although stress during pregnancy has negative effects on children's development and pregnant women's health, no study has assessed stress and its predictors among pregnant Saudi women. The aim of this study was to assess stress and identify its predictors in a sample of pregnant Saudi women. METHODS: A correlational study was carried out at King Abdulaziz Medical City in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, on 438 pregnant women who attended the obstetrics/gynecology clinic...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434107/early-life-obesity-prevention-critique-of-intervention-trials-during-the-first-one-thousand-days
#11
REVIEW
John J Reilly, Anne Martin, Adrienne R Hughes
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To critique the evidence from recent and ongoing obesity prevention interventions in the first 1000 days in order to identify evidence gaps and weaknesses, and to make suggestions for more informative future intervention trials. RECENT FINDINGS: Completed and ongoing intervention trials have had fairly modest effects, have been limited largely to high-income countries, and have used relatively short-term interventions and outcomes. Comparison of the evidence from completed prevention trials with the evidence from systematic reviews of behavioral risk factors shows that some life-course stages have been neglected (pre-conception and toddlerhood), and that interventions have neglected to target some important behavioral risk factors (maternal smoking during pregnancy, infant and child sleep)...
April 22, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422454/childhood-maltreatment-and-adulthood-poor-sleep-quality-a-longitudinal-study
#12
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Gail Williams, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
BACKGROUND: Available evidence from cross-sectional studies suggests that childhood maltreatment may be associated with a range of sleep disorders. However, these studies have not controlled for potential individual, familial and environmental level confounders. AIM: To determine the association between childhood maltreatment and lower sleep quality, after adjusting for potential confounders. METHODS: Data for the present study are from a pre-birth cohort study of 3778 young adults (52...
April 19, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420509/effect-of-a-gymnastics-program-on-sleep-characteristics-in-pregnant-women
#13
Ildikó Kocsis, Tibor Szilágyi, János Turos, Aliz Bakó, Attila Frigy
OBJECTIVE: The quality and quantity of sleep represent important health issues in pregnant women. Sleep disturbances could be associated, beyond alteration of quality of life, with poor pregnancy outcome. Our aim was to investigate the effect of a regular, specific, medium-term physical training program on sleep characteristics in healthy pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 132 healthy pregnant women, with gestational age between 18 weeks and 22 weeks, were enrolled in a prospective study...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369543/sleep-during-pregnancy-the-numom2b-pregnancy-and-sleep-duration-and-continuity-study
#14
Kathryn J Reid, Francesca L Facco, William A Grobman, Corette B Parker, Marcos Herbas, Shannon Hunter, Robert M Silver, Robert C Basner, George R Saade, Grace W Pien, Shalini Manchanda, Judette M Louis, Chia-Lang Nhan-Chang, Judith H Chung, Deborah A Wing, Hyagriv N Simhan, David M Haas, Jay Iams, Samuel Parry, Phyllis C Zee
Study Objectives: To characterize sleep duration, timing and continuity measures in pregnancy and their association with key demographic variables. Methods: Multisite prospective cohort study. Women enrolled in the nuMoM2b study (nulliparous women with a singleton gestation) were recruited at the second study visit (16-21 weeks of gestation) to participate in the Sleep Duration and Continuity substudy. Women <18 years of age or with pregestational diabetes or chronic hypertension were excluded from participation...
May 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364513/sleep-duration-and-adiposity-in-early-childhood-evidence-for-bidirectional-associations-from-the-born-in-bradford-study
#15
Paul J Collings, Helen L Ball, Gillian Santorelli, Jane West, Sally E Barber, Rosemary Rc McEachan, John Wright
Study Objectives: To examine independent associations of sleep duration with total and abdominal adiposity, and the bidirectionality of these associations, in a young biethnic sample of children from a disadvantaged location. Methods: Child sleep duration (h/day) was parent-reported by questionnaire and indices of total (body weight, body mass index, percent body fat (%BF), sum of skinfolds) and abdominal adiposity (waist circumference) were measured using standard anthropometric procedures at approximately 12, 18, 24, and 36 months of age in 1,338 children (58% South Asian; 42% White)...
February 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364489/sleep-quality-and-nocturnal-sleep-duration-in-pregnancy-and-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Shirong Cai, Sara Tan, Peter D Gluckman, Keith M Godfrey, Seang-Mei Saw, Oon Hoe Teoh, Yap-Seng Chong, Michael J Meaney, Michael S Kramer, Joshua J Gooley
Study Objectives: To examine the influence of maternal sleep quality and nocturnal sleep duration on risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a multiethnic Asian population. Methods: A cohort of 686 women (376 Chinese, 186 Malay, and 124 Indian) with a singleton pregnancy attended a clinic visit at 26-28 weeks of gestation as part of the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes mother-offspring cohort study. Self-reported sleep quality and sleep duration were assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
February 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364413/family-income-and-material-deprivation-do-they-matter-for-sleep-quality-and-quantity-in-early-life-evidence-from-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Marta Barazzetta, Simone Ghislandi
Introduction: The aim of this article is to investigate the determinants of sleeping patterns in children up to age 9 on a large and geographically homogeneous sample of British children and parents, focusing in particular on the role of economic and social factors, specifically on income. Aims and Methods: The data of this study come from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a long-term health research project that recruited over 14000 pregnant women who were due to give birth between April 1991 and December 1992 in Bristol and its surrounding areas, including some of Somerset and Gloucestershire...
March 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359609/pregnant-women-an-overlooked-asset-to-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-elimination-campaigns
#18
REVIEW
Bronner P Gonçalves, Patrick G Walker, Matthew Cairns, Alfred B Tiono, Teun Bousema, Chris Drakeley
Community chemotherapy campaigns to reduce malaria transmission often exclude pregnant women due to safety concerns related to the drugs. However, pregnant women might represent an important source of human-to-mosquito infection due to frequent parasite carriage with higher densities of parasites (often detectable by microscopy), attractiveness to mosquitoes, and modified sleeping behaviour. Accumulating evidence of the safety of artemisinin-based combination therapies for the treatment of malaria during gestation suggests that malaria elimination programmes should reconsider this exclusion...
March 27, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353643/plasma-vitamin-d-deficiency-is-associated-with-poor-sleep-quality-and-night-time-eating-at-mid-pregnancy-in-singapore
#19
Tuck Seng Cheng, See Ling Loy, Yin Bun Cheung, Shirong Cai, Marjorelee T Colega, Keith M Godfrey, Yap-Seng Chong, Kok Hian Tan, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Yung Seng Lee, Ngee Lek, Jerry Kok Yen Chan, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Fabian Yap
Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) deficiency, poor sleep quality, and night-time eating, have been independently associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, but their inter-relationships are yet to be evaluated. We aimed to investigate the associations between maternal plasma 25OHD status and sleep quality and circadian eating patterns during pregnancy. Data on pregnant women (n = 890) from a prospective cohort (Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes) were analyzed. Plasma 25OHD concentration was measured, while the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and 24-h dietary recall were administered to women at 26-28 weeks' gestation...
March 29, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337942/is-fetal-analgesia-necessary-during-prenatal-surgery
#20
C V Bellieni, S Vannuccini, F Petraglia
Fetal anesthesia is still matter of debate: some authors hypothesize that several intrauterine endogenous neuroinhibitors (ENIn) anesthetize the fetus, keeping it in a constant state of sleep, and making pharmacological fetal anaesthesia useless for fetal surgery. AIM: To retrieve evidences about fetal pain, fetal arousability and about the level of sedation induced by the ENIn, in order to assess the necessity of direct fetal anesthesia during prenatal fetal surgery. METHODS: We performed a careful literature review (1990-2016) on fetal arousability, and on the possibility that ENIn at the average fetal blood levels induce actual anesthesia...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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