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Sleep and pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899291/dynamic-changes-in-sleep-pattern-during-post-partum-in-normal-pregnancy-in-rat-model
#1
Neelima Sivadas, Arathi Radhakrishnan, B S Aswathy, Velayudhan Mohan Kumar, Kamalesh K Gulia
To develop an animal model for studies on peri-partum sleep disorders, sleep patterns in female Wistar rats during pregnancy, post-partum and after weaning, were assessed and associated adaptive changes in their anxiety were examined. Adult nulliparous female rats, maintained in standard laboratory conditions with ad libitum food and water, were surgically implanted with electroencephalogram and electromyogram electrodes under anaesthesia for objective assessment of sleep-wakefulness (S-W). After post-surgical recovery, three control recordings of S-W were taken for 24h before the animals were kept for mating...
November 26, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871127/effect-of-maternal-position-on-fetal-behavioural-state-and-heart-rate-variability-in-healthy-late-gestation-pregnancy
#2
Peter Stone, Wendy Burgess, Jordan McIntyre, Alistair Gunn, Christopher Lear, Laura Bennet, Edwin Mitchell, John Thompson
BACKGROUND: Fetal behavioural states (FBS) are measures of fetal wellbeing. In acute hypoxemia, the human fetus adapts to a lower oxygen consuming state with changes in the cardiotocograph and reduced fetal activity. Recent studies of late gestation stillbirth described the importance of sleep position in the risk of intrauterine death. We designed this study to assess the effects of different maternal positions on FBS in healthy late gestation pregnancies under controlled conditions...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865988/persistent-and-new-onset-daytime-sleepiness-in-pregnant-women-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#3
Shao-Yu Tsai, Pei-Lin Lee, Jou-Wei Lin, Chien-Nan Lee
BACKGROUND: Daytime sleepiness is a frequent complaint in women during pregnancy. It has also been linked to negative obstetric consequences. Although high prevalence of excessive daytime sleepiness throughout pregnancy is well-documented, neither the causes of persistent daytime sleepiness nor new-onset daytime sleepiness during pregnancy have been investigated. Identifying predictive factors may play an important role in the management of daytime sleepiness in pregnant women and improve prenatal care and maternal-fetal outcomes...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861713/sleep-quality-during-pregnancy-associations-with-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms
#4
Päivi Polo-Kantola, Linda Aukia, Hasse Karlsson, Linnea Karlsson, E Juulia Paavonen
Sleep disturbances are common during pregnancy, yet underdiagnosed and under-investigated. We evaluated sleep quality during pregnancy and assessed associated factors, especially depressive and anxiety symptoms MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 78 healthy pregnant women from the FinnBrain Birth Cohort Study were studied twice prospectively during pregnancy (in mid-pregnancy and late pregnancy). Sleep quality was evaluated by the Basic Nordic Sleep Questionnaire, depressive symptoms by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, and anxiety symptoms by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory RESULTS: Poor general sleep quality, difficulty falling asleep, the number of nocturnal awakenings per night, and too early morning awakenings increased in late pregnancy compared to mid-pregnancy (all p-values < 0...
November 12, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857964/women-with-postpartum-weight-retention-have-delayed-wake-times-and-decreased-sleep-efficiency-during-the-perinatal-period-a-brief-report
#5
K M Sharkey, G M Boni, J A Quattrucci, S Blatch, S N Carr
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed sleep and circadian rhythms across the perinatal period in new mothers with and without postpartum weight retention (PPWR). METHODS: Weight was measured at 2 and 16 weeks postpartum in 21 women with previous major depression or bipolar disorder (mean age 29.5±4.7 years) who self-reported pre-pregnancy weight during third trimester. Wrist actigraphy was acquired at 33 weeks gestation and postpartum weeks 2, 6, and 16. Circadian phase was measured at 33 weeks gestation and 6 weeks postpartum...
September 2016: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855755/sleep-duration-and-adiposity-in-early-childhood-evidence-for-bidirectional-associations-from-the-born-in-bradford-study
#6
Paul J Collings, Helen L Ball, Gillian Santorelli, Jane West, Sally E Barber, Rosemary R C McEachan, John Wright
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To examine independent associations of sleep duration with total and abdominal adiposity, and the bidirectionality of these associations, in a young bi-ethnic sample of children from a disadvantaged location. METHODS: Child sleep duration (h/day) was parent-reported by questionnaire and indices of total (body weight, body mass index, percent body fat (%BF), sum of skinfolds) and abdominal adiposity (waist circumference) were measured using standard anthropometric procedures at approximately 12, 18, 24, and 36 months of age in 1,338 children (58% South Asian; 42% White)...
November 14, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855754/sleep-quality-and-nocturnal-sleep-duration-in-pregnancy-and-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Shirong Cai, Sara Tan, Peter D Gluckman, Keith M Godfrey, Seang-Mei Saw, Oon Hoe Teoh, Yap-Seng Chong, Michael J Meaney, Michael S Kramer, Joshua J Gooley
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of maternal sleep quality and nocturnal sleep duration on risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a multi-ethnic Asian population. METHODS: 686 women (376 Chinese, 186 Malay and 124 Indian) with a singleton pregnancy attended a clinic visit at 26-28 weeks of gestation as part of the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) mother-offspring cohort study. Self-reported sleep quality and sleep duration were assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
November 14, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843325/the-role-of-the-multidisciplinary-health-care-team-in-the-management-of-patients-with-marfan-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Yskert von Kodolitsch, Meike Rybczynski, Marina Vogler, Thomas S Mir, Helke Schüler, Kerstin Kutsche, Georg Rosenberger, Christian Detter, Alexander M Bernhardt, Axel Larena-Avellaneda, Tilo Kölbel, E Sebastian Debus, Malte Schroeder, Stephan J Linke, Bettina Fuisting, Barbara Napp, Anna Lena Kammal, Klaus Püschel, Peter Bannas, Boris A Hoffmann, Nele Gessler, Eva Vahle-Hinz, Bärbel Kahl-Nieke, Götz Thomalla, Christina Weiler-Normann, Gunda Ohm, Stefan Neumann, Dieter Benninghoven, Stefan Blankenberg, Reed E Pyeritz
Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a rare, severe, chronic, life-threatening disease with multiorgan involvement that requires optimal multidisciplinary care to normalize both prognosis and quality of life. In this article, each key team member of all the medical disciplines of a multidisciplinary health care team at the Hamburg Marfan center gives a personal account of his or her contribution in the management of patients with MFS. The authors show how, with the support of health care managers, key team members organize themselves in an organizational structure to create a common meaning, to maximize therapeutic success for patients with MFS...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837576/restless-legs-syndrome-mimicking-s1-radiculopathy
#9
Th Zambelis, B R Wolgamuth, S N Papoutsi, M-I Kontaxaki
Α case of a chronic idiopathic form of a severe type of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS), which developed during pregnancy and persisted after this, misdiagnosed for 34 years as radiculopathy S1, is reported. In spite of the thorough clinical and laboratory investigation, in addition to constant changes of the therapeutic approach, the diagnosis of S1 radiculopathy could not be confirmed, resulting in a chronic clinical course; the latter was characterized by relapses and remissions not attributed or linked in any way to the treatment (various types of)...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832434/monitoring-of-venus-transgenic-cell-migration-during-pregnancy-in-non-transgenic-rabbits
#10
N Lipták, O I Hoffmann, A Kerekes, G Iski, D Ernszt, K Kvell, L Hiripi, Z Bősze
Cell transfer between mother and fetus were demonstrated previously in several species which possess haemochorial placenta (e.g. in humans, mice, rats, etc.). Here we report the assessment of fetal and maternal microchimerism in non-transgenic (non-TG) New Zealand white rabbits which were pregnant with transgenic (TG) fetuses and in non-TG newborns of TG does. The TG construct, including the Venus fluorophore cDNA driven by a ubiquitous cytomegalovirus enhancer, chicken ß-actin promoter (CAGGS), was previously integrated into the rabbit genome by Sleeping Beauty transposon system...
November 10, 2016: Transgenic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829873/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-pregnancy-food-for-thought
#11
REVIEW
Martino F Pengo, Debasree Banerjee, Amanpreet Kaur, Ghada Bourjeily
The last few years have witnessed a number of publications linking sleep disordered breathing to adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes in various populations. Associations with preeclampsia, gestational diabetes and growth restriction have been consistent across many studies. Though the manuscripts reviewed here consist mostly of preliminary data and need further confirmation, the studies have highlighted new directions in the assessment of the impact of sleep disordered breathing and pregnancy, and paved the way for new fields of research in this area...
December 2016: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823722/relationship-between-prenatal-maternal-stress-and-sleep-quality-in-chinese-pregnant-women-the-mediation-effect-of-resilience
#12
Guopeng Li, Linghua Kong, Haiyan Zhou, Xiaofei Kang, Yueyan Fang, Ping Li
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between prenatal maternal stress, resilience, and sleep quality, and to determine whether resilience plays a mediating role in the relationship between prenatal maternal stress and sleep quality among pregnant women. METHODS: Two hundred and thirty-one pregnant women in their second trimester participated in the study. They completed questionnaires, including: the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Pregnancy Stress Rating Scale (PSRS), and the 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC-10)...
September 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821151/-i-ve-changed-my-mind-mindfulness-based-childbirth-and-parenting-mbcp-for-pregnant-women-with-a-high-level-of-fear-of-childbirth-and-their-partners-study-protocol-of-the-quasi-experimental-controlled-trial
#13
Irena K Veringa, Esther I de Bruin, Nancy Bardacke, Larissa G Duncan, Francisca J A van Steensel, Carmen D Dirksen, Susan M Bögels
BACKGROUND: Approximately 25 % of pregnant women suffer from a high level of Fear of Childbirth (FoC), as assessed by the Wijma Delivery Expectancy Questionnaire (W-DEQ-A, score ≥66). FoC negatively affects pregnant women's mental health and adaptation to the perinatal period. Mindfulness-Based Childbirth and Parenting (MBCP) seems to be potentially effective in decreasing pregnancy-related anxiety and stress. We propose a theoretical model of Avoidance and Participation in Pregnancy, Birth and the Postpartum Period in order to explore FoC and to evaluate the underlying mechanisms of change of MBCP...
November 7, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821114/bright-light-therapy-in-pregnant-women-with-major-depressive-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
Babette Bais, Astrid M Kamperman, Marjolein D van der Zwaag, Gwen C Dieleman, Hanneke W Harmsen van der Vliet-Torij, Hilmar H Bijma, Ritsaert Lieverse, Witte J G Hoogendijk, Mijke P Lambregtse-van den Berg
BACKGROUND: Depression during pregnancy is a common and high impact disease. Generally, 5-10 % of pregnant women suffer from depression. Children who have been exposed to maternal depression during pregnancy have a higher risk of adverse birth outcomes and more often show cognitive, emotional and behavioural problems. Therefore, early detection and treatment of antepartum depression is necessary. Both psychotherapy and antidepressant medication, first choice treatments in a non-pregnant population, have limitations in treating depression during pregnancy...
November 8, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814712/chronobiology-sleep-related-risk-factors-and-light-therapy-in-perinatal-depression-the-life-on-project
#15
Simone Baiardi, Fabio Cirignotta, Alessandro Cicolin, Corrado Garbazza, Armando D'Agostino, Orsola Gambini, Alessandra Giordano, Mariapaola Canevini, Elena Zambrelli, Anna Maria Marconi, Susanna Mondini, Stefan Borgwardt, Christian Cajochen, Nicola Rizzo, Mauro Manconi
BACKGROUND: Perinatal depression (PND) has an overall estimated prevalence of roughly 12 %. Untreated PND has significant negative consequences not only on the health of the mothers, but also on the physical, emotional and cognitive development of their children. No certain risk factors are known to predict PND and no completely safe drug treatments are available during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Sleep and depression are strongly related to each other because of a solid reciprocal causal relationship...
November 4, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814390/associations-between-nausea-vomiting-fatigue-and-health-related-quality-of-life-of-women-in-early-pregnancy-the-generation-r-study
#16
Guannan Bai, Ida J Korfage, Esther Hafkamp-de Groen, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Eva Mautner, Hein Raat
The objective of this study was to evaluate the independent associations between nausea, vomiting, fatigue and health-related quality of life of women in early pregnancy in the Generation R study, which is a prospective mother and child cohort. Analyses were based on 5079 women in early pregnancy in the Rotterdam area, the Netherlands. The information on nausea, vomiting and fatigue in the previous three months was measured in the questionnaire at enrollment, as well as potential confounders (i.e., maternal/gestational age, ethnic background, educational level, parity, marital status, body mass index, tobacco and alcohol use, chronic/infectious conditions, uro-genital conditions/symptoms, sleep quality, headache, anxiety, and depression)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796270/sleep-restriction-during-pregnancy-and-its-effects-on-blood-pressure-and-renal-function-among-female-offspring
#17
Rogério Argeri, Erika E Nishi, Rildo A Volpini, Beatriz D Palma, Sergio Tufik, Guiomar N Gomes
The influence of sleep restriction (SR) during pregnancy on blood pressure and renal function among female adult offspring was investigated. Pregnant Wistar rats were distributed into control and SR groups. The SR was performed between the 14th and 20th days of pregnancy (multiple platforms method for 20 h/day). At 2 months of age, half of the offspring from both groups were subjected to an ovariectomy (ovx), and the other half underwent sham surgery. The groups were as follows: control sham (Csham), control ovx (Covx), SR sham (SRsham), and SR ovx (SRovx)...
August 2016: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776561/prenatal-exposure-to-very-severe-maternal-obesity-is-associated-with-adverse-neuropsychiatric-outcomes-in-children
#18
T H Mina, M Lahti, A J Drake, K Räikkönen, H Minnis, F C Denison, J E Norman, R M Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Prenatal maternal obesity has been linked to adverse childhood neuropsychiatric outcomes, including increased symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), internalizing and externalizing problems, affective disorders and neurodevelopmental problems but few studies have studied neuropsychiatric outcomes among offspring born to very severely obese women or assessed potential familial confounding by maternal psychological distress. METHOD: We evaluated neuropsychiatric symptoms in 112 children aged 3-5 years whose mothers had participated in a longitudinal study of obesity in pregnancy (50 very severe obesity, BMI ⩾40 kg/m2, obese class III and 62 lean, BMI 18...
October 25, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776030/sleep-quality-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-pregnancy
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760572/maternal-abuse-history-and-reduced-fetal-heart-rate-variability-abuse-related-sleep-disturbance-is-a-mediator
#20
Hanna Gustafsson, Colleen Doyle, Michelle Gilchrist, Elizabeth Werner, Catherine Monk
The consequences of childhood maltreatment are profound and long lasting. Not only does the victim of abuse suffer as a child, but there is mounting evidence that a history of maltreatment places the next generation at risk for significant psychopathology. Research identifies postnatal factors as affecting this intergenerational transmission of trauma. However, emerging evidence suggests that part of this risk may be transmitted before birth, passed on via abuse-related alterations in the in utero environment that are as yet largely unidentified...
October 20, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
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