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Chronic kidney disease nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790110/prevalence-of-hyperuricemia-and-its-associated-factors-in-the-general-korean-population-an-analysis-of-a-population-based-nationally-representative-sample
#1
Yunkyung Kim, Jihun Kang, Geun-Tae Kim
Hyperuricemia is not only a risk factor for gout but also an independent determinant of hypertension, diabetes, and chronic kidney diseases. Although the incidence of gout in Korean adults is increasing, epidemiologic studies on hyperuricemia in the general Korean population are limited. Thus, this study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of hyperuricemia and its associated factors among non-institutionalized Korean adults. The present study included 5548 participants (2403 men and 3145 women) aged ≥ 19 years from The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766740/factors-predictive-of-postoperative-acute-respiratory-failure-following-inpatient-sinus-surgery
#2
Brittany N Burton, Sapideh Gilani, Matthew W Swisher, Richard D Urman, Ulrich H Schmidt, Rodney A Gabriel
OBJECTIVE: The impact of perioperative risk factors on outcomes following outpatient sinus surgery is well defined; however, risk factors and outcomes following inpatient surgery remain poorly understood. We aimed to define risk factors of postoperative acute respiratory failure following inpatient sinus surgery. METHODS: Utilizing data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample Database from the years 2010 to 2014, we identified patients (≥18 years of age) with an Internal Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) procedure code of sinus surgery...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766695/analysis-of-nutrition-and-nutritional-status-of-haemodialysis-patients
#3
Anna Bogacka, Anna Sobczak-Czynsz, Elżbieta Kucharska, Małgorzata Madaj, Katarzyna Stucka
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common disease of civilization where nutrition is part of the treatment. Diet therapy is difficult as it is necessary to control the intake of: energy, protein and minerals – Na, K, Ca and P in the daily food rations (DFR). Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the nutritional status and diets of haemodialysis (HD) patients. Material and method: The study involved 141 haemodialysis patients, at the average age of 65...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759796/factors-associated-with-anthropometric-indicators-of-nutritional-status-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-undergoing-peritoneal-dialysis-hemodialysis-and-after-kidney-transplant
#4
Julieta García De Alba Verduzco, Erika Fabiola Hurtado López, Consuelo Pontón Vázquez, Adriana de la Torre Serrano, Enrique Romero Velarde, Edgar Manuel Vásquez Garibay
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to demonstrate that there are differences in the factors associated with anthropometric indicators of nutritional status, with particular emphasis on arm indicators, in children with end-stage kidney disease undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD), hemodialysis (HD), and after kidney transplant (KT). METHODS: An analytical cross-sectional study of consecutive cases included 130 children and adolescents with end-stage kidney disease undergoing substitutive treatment: 49 patients who underwent KT, 33 undergoing PD, and 47 undergoing HD...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751506/neurocognitive-disorders-and-dehydration-in-older-patients-clinical-experience-supports-the-hydromolecular-hypothesis-of-dementia
#5
Michele Lauriola, Antonio Mangiacotti, Grazia D'Onofrio, Leandro Cascavilla, Francesco Paris, Giulia Paroni, Davide Seripa, Antonio Greco, Daniele Sancarlo
Abnormalities of water homeostasis can be early expressions of neuronal dysfunction, brain atrophy, chronic cerebrovasculopathy and neurodegenerative disease. The aim of this study was to analyze the serum osmolality of subjects with cognitive impairment. One thousand and ninety-one consecutive patients attending the Alzheimer’s Evaluation Unit were evaluated with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), 21-Item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS-21), Activities of Daily Living (ADL), Instrumental-ADL (IADL), Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Exton-Smith Scale (ESS), and Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS)...
May 3, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748925/attitudes-and-practices-of-chinese-physicians-regarding-chronic-kidney-disease-and-acute-kidney-injury-management-a-questionnaire-based-cross-sectional-survey-in-secondary-and-tertiary-hospitals
#6
Yanhua Wu, Yuanhan Chen, Shixin Chen, Yani He, Huaban Liang, Wei Dong, Xinling Liang
OBJECTIVE: This questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey reported the attitudes and practices of Chinese doctors regarding chronic kidney disease (CKD) and acute kidney injury (AKI) management. METHODS: An online questionnaire consisting of general information, awareness of CKD and AKI, education status, renal laboratory items, and clinical practices between February 20, 2017 and August 15, 2017. RESULTS: Among the 1289 respondents from secondary and tertiary hospitals in 30 provinces, 718 (55...
May 10, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745362/does-dietary-nitrate-say-no-to-cardiovascular-ageing-current-evidence-and-implications-for-research
#7
Mario Siervo, Filippo Scialò, Oliver M Shannon, Blossom C M Stephan, Ammar W Ashor
CVD are characterised by a multi-factorial pathogenesis. Key pathogenetic steps in the development of CVD are the occurrence of endothelial dysfunction and formation of atherosclerotic lesions. Reduced nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability is a primary event in the initiation of the atherosclerotic cascade. NO is a free radical with multiple physiological functions including the regulation of vascular resistance, coagulation, immunity and oxidative metabolism. The synthesis of NO proceeds via two distinct pathways identified as enzymatic and non-enzymatic...
May 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743031/safety-and-effectiveness-of-low-protein-diet-supplemented-with-ketoacids-in-diabetic-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
Vincenzo Bellizzi, Patrizia Calella, Julia Nava Hernández, Verónica Figueroa González, Silvia Moran Lira, Serena Torraca, Rocio Urbina Arronte, Pietro Cirillo, Roberto Minutolo, Rafael A Montúfar Cárdenas
BACKGROUND: The impact of the low-protein diet on nutrition in CKD diabetics is uncertain. METHODS: The metabolic and nutritional effects of a low-protein (0.5-0.6 g/kg/d), normal-high energy (30-35 kcal/kg/d) diet supplemented with ketoacids (LPD-KA) were prospectively evaluated in CKD patients with (DM) and without (non-DM) diabetes mellitus. RESULTS: 197 patients on CKD stages 3-5 were enrolled. DM (n = 81) and non-DM (n = 116) were comparable for gender (Male 58 vs 55%), age (66 ± 9 vs 63 ± 18 years), renal function (eGFR 23 ± 13 vs 24 ± 13 mL/min)...
May 9, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742267/epoetin-alfa-resistance-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-longitudinal-study
#9
E J F Santos, E V Hortegal, H O Serra, J S Lages, N Salgado-Filho, A M Dos Santos
Anemia is an inevitable complication of hemodialysis, and the primary cause is erythropoietin deficiency. After diagnosis, treatment begins with an erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA). However, some patients remain anemic even after receiving this medication. This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with resistance to recombinant human erythropoietin therapy with epoetin alfa (αEPO). We performed a prospective, longitudinal study of hemodialysis patients receiving treatment with αEPO at our reference hospital from July 2015 to June 2016...
2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738041/association-between-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-and-sodium-excretion-in-urine-of-african-descendants-in-brazil-a-population-based-study
#10
Elisângela Milhomem Dos Santos, Dyego José de Araújo Brito, Ana Karina da Cunha Teixeira França, Joyce Santos Lages, Alcione Miranda Dos Santos, Natalino Salgado Filho
INTRODUCTION: Excessive salt intake is a risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and sodium excretion in urine samples of Brazilians of African ancestry. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based study of 1,211 Brazilians of African ancestry living in Alcântara City, Maranhão, Brazil. Demographic, nutritional, clinical, and laboratory data were analyzed...
May 7, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736755/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-diagnosis-of-chronic-medical-conditions-in-the-usa
#11
Eun Ji Kim, Taekyu Kim, Joseph Conigliaro, Jane M Liebschutz, Michael K Paasche-Orlow, Amresh D Hanchate
BACKGROUND: There exist racial and ethnic disparities in the prevalence of chronic medical illnesses. However, it is unclear if the disparities arise from patients' self-reported estimates on these diseases and whether there is an association between healthcare utilization and diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To estimate national racial/ethnic prevalence of undiagnosed hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, and kidney disease and identify characteristics associated with undiagnosed diseases...
May 7, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731235/assessment-of-nutritional-status-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-using-hand-grip-strength-tool
#12
Ashraf Mohamed Abd El Basset Bakr, Bothina Mohamed Hasaneen, Dina AbdelRasoul Helal Bassiouni
OBJECTIVE: Muscle status assessment is crucial for diagnosis of protein energy wasting PEW/cachexia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. Hand grip strength (HGS) has been used in muscle power assessment in adult CKD. However, no data is available about its usefulness in children with CKD. Hence, we aimed to study the reliability of HGS in reflecting the muscle power and thus, nutritional status in children with CKD. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this Observational cross sectional study we enrolled 73 CKD children; 45 had end stage kidney disease (ESKD) on hemodialysis (HD) and 28 had CKD but not on dialysis yet...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725741/-metabolic-management-and-nutrition-in-critically-ill-patients-with-renal-dysfunction-recommendations-from-the-renal-section-of-the-dgiin-%C3%A3-giain-and-divi
#13
W Druml, M Joannidis, S John, A Jörres, M Schmitz, J Kielstein, D Kindgen-Milles, M Oppert, V Schwenger, C Willam, A Zarbock
BACKGROUND: Intensive care patients with renal failure or insufficiency comprise a heterogeneous group of subjects with widely differing metabolic patterns and nutritional requirements. They include subjects with various stages of acute kidney injury (AKI), acute-on-chronic renal failure (A-CKD), without/with renal replacement therapy (RRT), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and subjects on regular hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis therapy (HD/PD). GOALS: Development of recommendations by the renal section of DGIIN (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internistische Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin), ÖGIAIN (Österreichische Gesellschaft für Internistische und Allgemeine Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin) and DIVI (Deutsche Interdisziplinäre Vereinigung für Intensiv- und Notfallmedizin) for the metabolic management and the planning, indication, implementation, and monitoring of nutrition therapy in this heterogeneous group of patients...
May 3, 2018: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725646/prediction-model-and-risk-stratification-tool-for-survival-in-patients-with-ckd
#14
Alexander S Goldfarb-Rumyantzev, Shiva Gautam, Ning Dong, Robert S Brown
Introduction: Because chronic kidney disease (CKD) adversely affects survival, prediction of mortality risk should help to identify individuals requiring therapeutic intervention. The goal of this project was to construct and to validate a risk scoring system and prediction model of the probability of 2-year mortality in a CKD population. Methods: We applied the Woodpecker approach to develop prediction equations using linear, exponential, and combined models. A risk indicator R on a scale of 0 to 10 was calculated as follows: starting with 0, add 0...
March 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718370/pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-should-we-be-looking-for-kidney-abnormalities
#15
Didde Lauritzen, Bente Utoft Andreassen, Niels Henrik H Heegaard, Lone Gabriels Klinge, Anne-Mette Walsted, Mette Neland, Rasmus Gaardskær Nielsen, Per Wittenhagen
Background: Kidney disease has been reported in adults with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and is regarded an extraintestinal manifestation or more rarely a side effect of the medical treatment. Methods: In this cross-sectional study we describe the extent of kidney pathology in a cohort of 56 children with IBD. Blood and urine samples were analyzed for markers of kidney disease and ultrasonography was performed to evaluate pole-to-pole kidney length. Results: We found that 25% of the patients had either previously reported kidney disease or ultrasonographic signs of chronic kidney disease...
April 26, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712435/prolyl-hydroxylase-inhibitors-a-breakthrough-in-the-therapy-of-anemia-associated-with-chronic-diseases
#16
Amit Arvind Joharapurkar, Vrajesh Bhaskarbhai Pandya, Vishal J Patel, Ranjit C Desai, Mukul R Jain
Chronic kidney disease, cancer, chronic inflammatory disorders, nutritional and genetic deficiency can cause anemia. Hypoxia causes induction of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF), which stimulates erythropoietin (EPO) synthesis. Prolyl hydroxylase domain (PHD) enzyme inhibition can stabilize hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF). HIF stabilization also decreases hepcidin, a hormone of hepatic origin, which regulates iron homeostasis. PHD inhibitors represent the novel pharmacological treatment of anemia of chronic diseases...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706492/chronic-school-absenteeism-of-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
Kelsey L Richardson, Noel S Weiss, Susan Halbach
We evaluated the frequency of chronic school absenteeism (≥18 missed school days per year) among children with mild-to-moderate chronic kidney disease. Chronic absenteeism was present in 17.3% of children with chronic kidney disease, compared with 2.7% of children in the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
April 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702558/a-low-protein-diet-for-diabetic-kidney-disease-its-effect-and-molecular-mechanism-an-approach-from-animal-studies
#18
REVIEW
Munehiro Kitada, Yoshio Ogura, Itaru Monno, Daisuke Koya
A low-protein diet (LPD) can be expected to retard renal function decline in advanced stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD), including diabetic kidney disease (DKD), and is recommended in a clinical setting. Regarding the molecular mechanisms of an LPD against DKD, previous animal studies have shown that an LPD exerts reno-protection through mainly the improvement of glomerular hyperfiltration/hypertension due to the reduction of intraglomerular pressure. On the other hand, we have demonstrated that an LPD, particularly a very-LPD (VLPD), improved tubulo-interstitial damage, inflammation and fibrosis, through the restoration of autophagy via the reduction of a mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) activity in type 2 diabetes and obesity animal models...
April 27, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694512/quality-of-life-on-hemodialysis-and-inflammation-a-descriptive-analysis
#19
M R Bacci, F Adami, F W S Figueiredo, B C A Alves, G L da Veiga, F L A Fonseca
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is highly prevalent worldwide. Patients with CKD on hemodialysis are more likely to present behavioral changes and worse quality of life as a result of their routine and complications. They also have higher levels of cytokines. The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between the inflammatory profile and quality of life measured by KDOQL-SF36 in hemodialysis outpatients. Patients older than 21 years of age and on routine hemodialysis for at least 6 months with treatment on a regular weekly basis were included and their anthropometric parameters and serum inflammatory markers were evaluated...
2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686466/nutrition-status-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-patients-receiving-hemodialysis
#20
REVIEW
Mitsushige Sugimoto, Hideo Yasuda, Akira Andoh
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients receiving hemodialysis (HD) often develop gastrointestinal abnormalities over their long treatment period. In general, prognosis in such patients is poor due to the development of protein-energy wasting (PEW). Therefore, it is important to clarify the etiology of PEW and to establish better strategies to deal with this condition. Chronic Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) infection in the gastric mucosa has a close association with not only the development of peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer, but is also associated with abnormal plasma and gastric mucosal ghrelin levels that are seen in malnutrition...
April 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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