keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Philip C. Calder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330907/plasma-%C3%AF-3-fatty-acids-in-pregnancy-are-inversely-associated-with-postpartum-weight-retention-in-a-multiethnic-asian-cohort
#1
See Ling Loy, Michelle Jia Hui Ng, Yin Bun Cheung, Keith M Godfrey, Philip C Calder, Ngee Lek, Fabian Yap, Falk Müller-Riemenschneider, Padmapriya Natarajan, Yap-Seng Chong, Kok Hian Tan, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Jerry Kok Yen Chan
Background: Studies have demonstrated associations between polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and adiposity. It is unclear whether PUFAs in pregnancy have an effect on maternal weight retention after childbirth, which can contribute to long-term obesity.Objective: We examined the association of maternal plasma PUFAs in pregnancy with 18-mo postpartum weight retention (PPWR) in a multiethnic Asian cohort.Design: We studied pregnant women (n = 653) recruited between June 2009 and September 2010 from a prospective cohort...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288701/abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-and-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-mechanisms-animal-models-and-potential-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Lara T Meital, Shaun L Sandow, Philip C Calder, Fraser D Russell
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is an inflammatory disease associated with macrophage accumulation in the adventitia, oxidative stress, medial elastin degradation and aortic dilation. Progression of AAA is linked to increased risk of rupture, which carries a high mortality rate. Drug therapies trialled to date lack efficacy and although aneurysm repair is available for patients with large aneurysm, peri-surgical morbidity and mortality have been widely reported. Recent studies using rodent models of AAA suggest that long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFAs) and their metabolites can moderate inflammation and oxidative stress perpetuated by infiltrating macrophages and intervene in the destruction of medial elastin...
March 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224969/consensus-statement-immunonutrition-and-exercise
#3
Stephane Bermon, Lindy M Castell, Philip C Calder, Nicolette C Bishop, Eva Blomstrand, Frank C Mooren, Karsten Krüger, Andreas N Kavazis, John C Quindry, David S Senchina, David C Nieman, Michael Gleeson, David B Pyne, Cecilia M Kitic, Graeme L Close, D Enette Larson-Meyer, Ascension Marcos, Simin N Meydani, Dayong Wu, Neil P Walsh, Ryochi Nagatomi
In this consensus statement on immunonutrition and exercise, a panel of knowledgeable contributors from across the globe provides a consensus of updated science, including the background, the aspects for which a consensus actually exists, the controversies and, when possible, suggested directions for future research.
2017: Exercise Immunology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202745/plasma-levels-of-eicosapentaenoic-acid-are-associated-with-anti-tnf-responsiveness-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-inhibit-the-etanercept-driven-rise-in-th17-cell-differentiation-in-vitro
#4
Louisa Jeffery, Helena L Fisk, Philip C Calder, Andrew Filer, Karim Raza, Christopher D Buckley, Iain McInnes, Peter C Taylor, Benjamin A Fisher
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether levels of plasma n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are associated with response to antitumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agents in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and whether this putative effect may have its basis in altering anti-TNF-driven Th17 cell differentiation. METHODS: Plasma was collected at baseline and after 3 months of anti-TNF treatment in 22 patients with established RA, and fatty acid composition of the phosphatidylcholine (PC) component was measured...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202104/improving-selection-of-markers-in-nutrition-research-evaluation-of-the-criteria-proposed-by-the-ilsi-europe-marker-validation-initiative
#5
Philip C Calder, Alan Boobis, Deborah Braun, Claire L Champ, Louise Dye, Suzanne Einöther, Arno Greyling, Christophe Matthys, Peter Putz, Suzan Wopereis, Jayne V Woodside, Jean-Michel Antoine
The conduct of high-quality nutrition research requires the selection of appropriate markers as outcomes, for example as indicators of food or nutrient intake, nutritional status, health status or disease risk. Such selection requires detailed knowledge of the markers, and consideration of the factors that may influence their measurement, other than the effects of nutritional change. A framework to guide selection of markers within nutrition research studies would be a valuable tool for researchers. A multidisciplinary Expert Group set out to test criteria designed to aid the evaluation of candidate markers for their usefulness in nutrition research and subsequently to develop a scoring system for markers...
February 16, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173875/restored-in-vivo-like-membrane-lipidomics-positively-influence-in-vitro-features-of-cultured-mesenchymal-stromal-stem-cells-derived-from-human-placenta
#6
Alexandros Chatgilialoglu, Martina Rossi, Francesco Alviano, Paola Poggi, Chiara Zannini, Cosetta Marchionni, Francesca Ricci, Pier Luigi Tazzari, Valentina Taglioli, Philip C Calder, Laura Bonsi
BACKGROUND: The study of lipid metabolism in stem cell physiology has recently raised great interest. The role of lipids goes beyond the mere structural involvement in assembling extra- and intra-cellular compartments. Nevertheless, we are still far from understanding the impact of membrane lipidomics in stemness maintenance and differentiation patterns. In the last years, it has been reported how in vitro cell culturing can modify membrane lipidomics. The aim of the present work was to study the membrane fatty acid profile of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) derived from human fetal membranes (hFM-MSCs) and to correlate this to specific biological properties by using chemically defined tailored lipid supplements (Refeed®)...
February 7, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140331/docosahexaenoic-acid
#7
Caroline Richard, Philip C Calder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139281/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-its-treatment-with-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids
#8
REVIEW
Gabriela S de Castro, Philip C Calder
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common liver disease in Western countries. Metabolic disorders which are increasing in prevalence, such as dyslipidaemias, obesity and type 2 diabetes, are closely related to NAFLD. Insulin resistance is a prominent risk factor for NAFLD. Marine omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are able to decrease plasma triacylglycerol and diets rich in marine n-3 PUFAs are associated with a lower cardiovascular risk...
January 19, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135761/palmitoleic-acid-reduces-the-inflammation-in-lps-stimulated-macrophages-by-inhibition-of-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-independently-of-ppars
#9
Camila O Souza, Alexandre A S Teixeira, Luana A Biondo, Loreana S Silveira, Philip Calder, José C Rosa Neto
Palmitoleic acid (PM, 16:1n-7) has anti-inflammatory properties that could be linked to higher expression of PPARα, an inhibitor of NFκB. Macrophages play a major role in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammation, however, the effects of PM on macrophages are underexplored. Thus, we aimed to investigate the effects of PM in activated macrophages as well the role of PPARα. Primary macrophages were isolated from C57BL6 (WT) and PPARα knockout (KO) mice, cultured under standard conditions and exposed to LPS (2...
January 30, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065480/influence-of-different-intravenous-lipid-emulsions-on-fatty-acid-status-and-laboratory-and-clinical-outcomes-in-adult-patients-receiving-home-parenteral-nutrition-a-systematic-review
#10
Charis J Jones, Philip C Calder
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Intravenous lipid emulsions (IVLEs) are a key component in long-term home parenteral nutrition (HPN), providing energy and essential fatty acids (EFAs). Modification of the fatty acid (FA) composition of IVLEs may lead to changes in metabolic responses and cell and tissue function, providing opportunity for clinical improvements. Studies have suggested that, in place of conventional pure soybean oil (SO)-based IVLEs, which have a high omega-6 FA content, alternative IVLEs with different FA profiles may have beneficial effects...
December 31, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764229/oral-administration-of-linoleic-acid-induces-new-vessel-formation-and-improves-skin-wound-healing-in-diabetic-rats
#11
Hosana G Rodrigues, Marco A R Vinolo, Fabio T Sato, Juliana Magdalon, Carolina M C Kuhl, Ana S Yamagata, Ana Flávia M Pessoa, Gabriella Malheiros, Marinilce F Dos Santos, Camila Lima, Sandra H Farsky, Niels O S Camara, Maria R Williner, Claudio A Bernal, Philip C Calder, Rui Curi
INTRODUCTION: Impaired wound healing has been widely reported in diabetes. Linoleic acid (LA) accelerates the skin wound healing process in non-diabetic rats. However, LA has not been tested in diabetic animals. OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether oral administration of pure LA improves wound healing in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. METHODS: Dorsal wounds were induced in streptozotocin-induced type-1 diabetic rats treated or not with LA (0...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637335/the-impact-of-an-omega-3-fatty-acid-rich-lipid-emulsion-on-fatty-acid-profiles-in-critically-ill-septic-patients
#12
Thomas C Hall, Dilraj K Bilku, Christopher P Neal, Jill Cooke, Helena L Fisk, Philip C Calder, Ashley R Dennison
BACKGROUND: Death from sepsis in the intensive therapy unit (ITU) is frequently preceded by the development of multiple organ failure as a result of uncontrolled inflammation. Treatment with omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids (FAs), principally eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), has been demonstrated to attenuate the effects of uncontrolled inflammation and may be clinically beneficial in reducing mortality from organ dysfunction. Fish oil (FO) is a source of EPA and DHA...
September 2016: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629051/maternal-serum-retinol-and-%C3%AE-carotene-concentrations-and-neonatal-bone-mineralization-results-from-the-southampton-women-s-survey-cohort
#13
Mina N Händel, Rebecca J Moon, Philip Titcombe, Bo Abrahamsen, Berit L Heitmann, Philip C Calder, Elaine M Dennison, Sian M Robinson, Keith M Godfrey, Hazel M Inskip, Cyrus Cooper, Nicholas C Harvey
BACKGROUND: Studies in older adults and animals have suggested contrasting relations between bone health and different vitamin A compounds. To our knowledge, the associations between maternal vitamin A status and offspring bone development have not previously been elucidated. OBJECTIVE: We examined the associations between maternal serum retinol and β-carotene concentrations during late pregnancy and offspring bone mineralization assessed at birth with the use of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
October 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544079/what-is-the-impact-of-n-3-pufas-on-inflammation-markers-in-type-2-diabetic-mellitus-populations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
REVIEW
Ning Lin, Jiao-Jiao Shi, Yun-Ming Li, Xin-Yan Zhang, Yi Chen, Philip C Calder, Li-Jun Tang
OBJECTIVES: To explore the possible role of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in lowering inflammation markers in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: PubMed, CNKI and Cochrane databases were searched until December 30, 2015; references from papers or reviews were also retrieved and screened. Screening was performed by two independent researchers, and randomized controlled trials reporting the specific n-3 PUFA type, dose, frequency, and duration of treatment, as well as the baseline and follow-up concentrations of inflammation markers, including interleukin 2 (IL-2), interleukin 6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and C-reactive protein (CRP), were selected for final analysis...
August 20, 2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531277/omega-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-influences-the-whole-blood-transcriptome-in-women-with-obesity-associated-with-pro-resolving-lipid-mediator-production
#15
Anna Polus, Barbara Zapala, Urszula Razny, Anna Gielicz, Beata Kiec-Wilk, Malgorzata Malczewska-Malec, Marek Sanak, Caroline E Childs, Philip C Calder, Aldona Dembinska-Kiec
The n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) may reduce low-grade inflammation associated with obesity. The relationship between therapeutic response to n-3 PUFAs and modification of the transcriptome in obesity or metabolic syndrome remains to be explored. Blood samples were obtained from women with obesity before and after three-months supplementation with a moderate dose of n-3 PUFAs (1.8g EPA+DHA per day) or from controls. n-3 PUFAs (GC) and plasma concentrations of lipoxins, resolvins, protectin X (GC-MS/MS) and inflammatory markers (ELISA) were measured...
November 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497519/fatty-acid-status-and-antioxidant-defense-system-in-mothers-and-their-newborns-after-salmon-intake-during-late-pregnancy
#16
Cruz E Garcia-Rodriguez, Josune Olza, Maria D Mesa, Concepcion M Aguilera, Elizabeth A Miles, Paul S Noakes, Maria Vlachava, Lefkothea-Stella Kremmyda, Norma D Diaper, Keith M Godfrey, Philip C Calder, Angel Gil
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess the maternal and newborn status of erythrocyte fatty acids and the antioxidant defense system after the intake of two portions of salmon per week during late pregnancy. METHODS: Pregnant women (N = 123) were randomly assigned to continue their habitual diet, which was low in oily fish (control group, n = 61) or to consume two 150-g salmon portions per week (salmon group, n = 62) beginning at 20 wk of gestation and lasting until delivery...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496755/metabolism-and-functional-effects-of-plant-derived-omega-3-fatty-acids-in-humans
#17
REVIEW
Ella J Baker, Elizabeth A Miles, Graham C Burdge, Parveen Yaqoob, Philip C Calder
Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) is an essential fatty acid and the substrate for the synthesis of longer-chain, more unsaturated ω-3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). EPA and DHA are associated with human health benefits. The primary source of EPA and DHA is seafood. There is a need for sustainable sources of biologically active ω-3 fatty acids. Certain plants contain high concentrations of ALA and stearidonic acid (SDA). Here we review the literature on the metabolism of ALA and SDA in humans, the impact of increased ALA and SDA consumption on concentrations of EPA and DHA in blood and cell lipid pools, and the extent to which ALA and SDA might have health benefits...
October 2016: Progress in Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492754/immunopharmacology-of-fatty-acids
#18
EDITORIAL
Philip C Calder, Linette E M Willemsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424661/lipid-structure-does-not-modify-incorporation-of-epa-and-dha-into-blood-lipids-in-healthy-adults-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Annette L West, Graham C Burdge, Philip C Calder
Dietary supplementation is an effective means to improve EPA and DHA status. However, it is unclear whether lipid structure affects EPA+DHA bioavailability. We determined the effect of consuming different EPA and DHA lipid structures on their concentrations in blood during the postprandial period and during dietary supplementation compared with unmodified fish oil TAG (uTAG). In a postprandial cross-over study, healthy men (n 9) consumed in random order test meals containing 1·1 g EPA+0·37 g DHA as either uTAG, re-esterified TAG, free fatty acids (FFA) or ethyl esters (EE)...
September 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27305954/impairment-of-lysophospholipid-metabolism-in-obesity-altered-plasma-profile-and-desensitization-to-the-modulatory-properties-of-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Josep M Del Bas, Antoni Caimari, Maria Isabel Rodriguez-Naranjo, Caroline E Childs, Carolina Paras Chavez, Annette L West, Elizabeth A Miles, Lluis Arola, Philip C Calder
BACKGROUND: Plasma lysophospholipids have emerged as signaling molecules with important effects on inflammation, insulin resistance, and fatty liver disease, each of which is linked closely to obesity. Dietary n-3 (ω-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may be able to improve these conditions. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the response of plasma lysophospholipids to obesity, n-3 PUFA consumption, and a high-fat meal challenge to better understand the role of lysophospholipid metabolism in the progression of obesity-related disorders...
August 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
keyword
keyword
80859
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"