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Zoran B Popović, Kimi Sato, Milind Y Desai
Quantitation of diastolic function centers on the assessment of active and passive ventricular properties, and involves measurement estimates of ventricular relaxation, and chamber and myocardial stiffness. Diastolic dysfunction is a propensity to develop increased left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic pressure. Recently American Society of Echocardiography and European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (ASE/EACVI) proposed a new grading system. While the new guidelines are ambiguous and with cutoff points that may misclassify patients as both sicker and healthier than they are...
February 2018: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Juan Manuel Monteagudo Ruiz, Maurizio Galderisi, Agostino Buonauro, Luigi Badano, Patrizia Aruta, Martin J Swaans, Laura Sanchis, Antti Saraste, Mark Monaghan, Konstantinos C Theodoropoulos, Michael Papitsas, Noah Liel-Cohen, Sergio Kobal, Mojca Bervar, Boštjan Berlot, Gerasimos Filippatos, Ignatios Ikonomidis, Spyridon Katsanos, Felix C Tanner, Daniela Cassani, Francesco F Faletra, Laura A Leo, Amparo Martinez, Javier Matabuena, Antonio Grande-Trillo, David Alonso-Rodriguez, Dolores Mesa, Teresa Gonzalez-Alujas, Marta Sitges, Fernando Carrasco-Chinchilla, Chi Hion Li, Covadonga Fernandez-Golfin, José Luis Zamorano
Aims: To determine the prevalence of mitral regurgitation (MR) in a large cohort of consecutive patients undergoing clinically indicated echocardiography and to examine the distribution of primary and secondary MR. Methods and results: All patients undergoing an echocardiographic study in 19 European centres within a 3-month period were prospectively included. MR assessment was performed as recommended by the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI)...
February 23, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Tadafumi Sugimoto, Sébastien Robinet, Raluca Dulgheru, Anne Bernard, Federica Ilardi, Laura Contu, Karima Addetia, Luis Caballero, George Kacharava, George D Athanassopoulos, Daniele Barone, Monica Baroni, Nuno Cardim, Andreas Hagendorff, Krasimira Hristova, Teresa Lopez, Gonzalo de la Morena, Bogdan A Popescu, Martin Penicka, Tolga Ozyigit, Jose David Rodrigo Carbonero, Nico van de Veire, Ralph Stephan Von Bardeleben, Dragos Vinereanu, Jose Luis Zamorano, Yun Yun Go, Stella Marchetta, Alain Nchimi, Monica Rosca, Andreea Calin, Marie Moonen, Sara Cimino, Julien Magne, Bernard Cosyns, Elena Galli, Erwan Donal, Gilbert Habib, Roberta Esposito, Maurizio Galderisi, Luigi P Badano, Roberto M Lang, Patrizio Lancellotti
Aims: To obtain the normal ranges for echocardiographic measurements of left atrial (LA) function from a large group of healthy volunteers accounting for age and gender. Methods and results: A total of 371 (median age 45 years) healthy subjects were enrolled at 22 collaborating institutions collaborating in the Normal Reference Ranges for Echocardiography (NORRE) study of the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI). Left atrial data sets were analysed with a vendor-independent software (VIS) package allowing homogeneous measurements irrespective of the echocardiographic equipment used to acquire data sets...
February 23, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Aleksandar N Neskovic, Henry Skinner, Susanna Price, Gabriele Via, Stefan De Hert, Ivan Stankovic, Maurizio Galderisi, Erwan Donal, Denisa Muraru, Erik Sloth, Luna Gargani, Nuno Cardim, Alexandros Stefanidis, Matteo Cameli, Gilbert Habib, Bernard Cosyns, Patrizio Lancellotti, Thor Edvardsen, Bogdan A Popescu
There is a growing trend of using ultrasound examination of the heart as a first-line diagnostic tool for initial patient evaluation in acute settings. Focus cardiac ultrasound (FoCUS) is a standardized but restricted cardiac ultrasound examination that may be undertaken by a range of medical professionals with diverse backgrounds. The intention of this core curriculum and syllabus is to define a unifying framework for educational and training processes/programmes that should result in competence in FoCUS for various medical professionals dealing with diagnostics and treatment of cardiovascular emergencies...
February 26, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Maurizio Galderisi, Erwan Donal, Julien Magne, Francesco Lo Iudice, Eustachio Agricola, Leyla Elif Sade, Matteo Cameli, Ehud Schwammenthal, Nuno Cardim, Bernard Cosyns, Andreas Hagendorff, Alexandar N Neskovic, Josè Luis Zamorano, Patrizio Lancellotti, Gilbert Habib, Thor Edvardsen, Bogdan A Popescu
The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines for management of atrial fibrillation (AF) recommend the use of CHA2DS2VASc risk score for assessment of thromboembolic (TE) risk, whereas the stratification of bleeding risk should be obtained by HAS-Bleed to balance the most appropriate anticoagulation (OAC) therapy. However, men with CHA2DS2VASc score = 1 and women with CHA2DS2VASc = 2, who are at intermediate TE risk, represent a grey zone where guidelines do not provide a definite OAC indication...
March 1, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Caroline Morbach, Götz Gelbrich, Margret Breunig, Theresa Tiffe, Martin Wagner, Peter U Heuschmann, Stefan Störk
Variability related to image acquisition and interpretation is an important issue of echocardiography in clinical trials. Nevertheless, there is no broadly accepted standard method for quality assessment of echocardiography in clinical research reports. We present analyses based on the echocardiography quality-assurance program of the ongoing STAAB cohort study (characteristics and course of heart failure stages A-B and determinants of progression). In 43 healthy individuals (mean age 50 ± 14 years; 18 females), duplicate echocardiography scans were acquired and mutually interpreted by one of three trained sonographers and an EACVI certified physician, respectively...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Daniel R Messroghli, James C Moon, Vanessa M Ferreira, Lars Grosse-Wortmann, Taigang He, Peter Kellman, Julia Mascherbauer, Reza Nezafat, Michael Salerno, Erik B Schelbert, Andrew J Taylor, Richard B Thompson, Martin Ugander, Ruud B van Heeswijk, Matthias G Friedrich
J CARDIOVASC MAGN RESON (2017) 19: 75. DOI: 10.1186/S12968-017-0389-8: In the original publication of this article [1] the "Competing interests" section was incorrect. The original publication stated the following competing interests.
February 7, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Sabine Bleiziffer, Magdalena Erlebach, Matheus Simonato, Philippe Pibarot, John Webb, Lukas Capek, Stephan Windecker, Isaac George, Jan-Malte Sinning, Eric Horlick, Massimo Napodano, David M Holzhey, Petur Petursson, Alfredo Cerillo, Nikolaos Bonaros, Enrico Ferrari, Mauricio G Cohen, Giselle Baquero, Tara L Jones, Ankur Kalra, Michael J Reardon, Adnan Chhatriwalla, Vasco Gama Ribeiro, Sami Alnasser, Nicolas M Van Mieghem, Christian Jörg Rustenbach, Joachim Schofer, Santiago Garcia, Tobias Zeus, Didier Champagnac, Raffi Bekeredjian, Ran Kornowski, Rüdiger Lange, Danny Dvir
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyse the incidence of prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) and elevated gradients after aortic valve in valve (ViV), and to evaluate predictors and associations with clinical outcomes of this adverse event. METHODS: A total of 910 aortic ViV patients were investigated. Elevated residual gradients were defined as ≥20 mm Hg. PPM was identified based on the indexed effective orifice area (EOA), measured by echocardiography, and patient body mass index (BMI)...
January 19, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
David J Clancy, Timothy Scully, Michel Slama, Stephen Huang, Anthony S McLean, Sam R Orde
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction is suggested to be associated with higher mortality in severe sepsis and septic shock, yet the methods of diagnosis described in the literature are often inconsistent. The recently published 2016 American Society of Echocardiography and European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (ASE/EACVI) guidelines offer the opportunity to apply a simple pragmatic diagnostic algorithm for the detection of diastolic dysfunction; however, it has not been tested in this cohort...
December 19, 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
Ricardo Ladeiras-Lopes, Ricardo Fontes-Carvalho, Eduardo M Vilela, Paulo Bettencourt, Adelino Leite-Moreira, Ana Azevedo
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Hypertension causes subclinical changes in left ventricular structure and function, namely diastolic dysfunction. Diastolic dysfunction is a predictor of heart failure, being involved in the association between hypertension and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. We aimed to determine whether patients with prehypertension have early changes in diastolic function in a large community-based cohort of asymptomatic adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional evaluation was performed of a community-based cohort consisting of 925 adults, aged 45 years or older, without known cardiovascular disease...
December 16, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
Serkan Ünlü, Oana Mirea, Jürgen Duchenne, Efstathios D Pagourelias, Stéphanie Bézy, James D Thomas, Luigi P Badano, Jens-Uwe Voigt
BACKGROUND: Despite standardization efforts, vendors still use information from different myocardial layers to calculate global longitudinal strain (GLS). Little is known about potential advantages or disadvantages of using these different layers in clinical practice. The authors therefore investigated the reproducibility and accuracy of GLS measurements from different myocardial layers. METHODS: Sixty-three subjects were prospectively enrolled, in whom the intervendor bias and test-retest variability of endocardial GLS (E-GLS) and midwall GLS (M-GLS) were calculated, using software packages from five vendors that allow layer-specific GLS calculation (GE, Hitachi, Siemens, Toshiba, and TomTec)...
December 12, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Benny Johansson, Fredrik Lundin, Rolf Tegerback, Leif Bojö
OBJECTIVES: Could a diastolic dysfunction and an increased LV-filling pressure according to ASE/EACVI guidelines be detected or ruled out by the E/a´ratio in patients with decreased ejection fraction. DESIGN: We retrospectively evaluated the diastolic function of 113 unselected in-hospital patients, aged 40-84 years, in sinus rhythm and with no or mild valve disease, having a decreased systolic function (EF ≤50%) using the new ASE/EACVI guidelines and compared these results with the E/a´ratio derived from the E wave in the mitral flow and the a´velocity in the tissue Doppler...
February 2018: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
Gianluca Pontone, Sarah Moharem-Elgamal, Pal Maurovich-Horvat, Oliver Gaemperli, Francesca Pugliese, Mark Westwood, Alexandros Stefanidis, Kevin F Fox, Bogdan A Popescu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
João G Almeida, Ricardo Fontes-Carvalho, Francisco Sampaio, José Ribeiro, Paulo Bettencourt, Frank A Flachskampf, Adelino Leite-Moreira, Ana Azevedo
Aims: Diastolic dysfunction (DD) is frequent in the general population; however, the assessment of diastolic function remains challenging. We aimed to evaluate the impact of the recent 2016 American Society of Echocardiography (ASE)/European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) recommendations in the prevalence and grades of DD compared with the 2009 guidelines and the Canberra Study Criteria (CSC). Methods and results: Within a population-based cohort, a total of 1000 individuals, aged ≥45 years, were evaluated retrospectively...
December 11, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Bhavna Balaney, Diego Medvedofsky, Anuj Mediratta, Amita Singh, Boguslawa Ciszek, Eric Kruse, Atman P Shah, Karima Addetia, Roberto M Lang, Victor Mor-Avi
BACKGROUND: Recent American Society of Echocardiography (ASE)/European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) guidelines for echocardiographic evaluation of left ventricular (LV) diastolic function provide a practical, simplified diagnostic algorithm for estimating LV filling pressure. The aim of this study was to test the accuracy of this algorithm against invasively measured pressures and compare it with the accuracy of the previous 2009 guidelines in the same patient cohort...
January 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Alessia Gimelli, Stephan Achenbach, Ronny R Buechel, Thor Edvardsen, Marco Francone, Oliver Gaemperli, Marcus Hacker, Fabien Hyafil, Philipp A Kaufmann, Patrizio Lancellotti, Koen Nieman, Gianluca Pontone, Francesca Pugliese, Hein J Verberne, Matthias Gutberlet, Jeroen J Bax, Danilo Neglia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: European Heart Journal
Maurizio Galderisi, Bernard Cosyns, Thor Edvardsen, Nuno Cardim, Victoria Delgado, Giovanni Di Salvo, Erwan Donal, Leyla Elif Sade, Laura Ernande, Madalina Garbi, Julia Grapsa, Andreas Hagendorff, Otto Kamp, Julien Magne, Ciro Santoro, Alexandros Stefanidis, Patrizio Lancellotti, Bogdan Popescu, Gilbert Habib
Aims: This European Association Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) Expert Consensus document aims at defining the main quantitative information on cardiac structure and function that needs to be included in standard echocardiographic report following recent ASE/EACVI chamber quantification, diastolic function, and heart valve disease recommendations. The document focuses on general reporting and specific pathological conditions such as heart failure, coronary artery and valvular heart disease, cardiomyopathies, and systemic diseases...
December 1, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Antonio Pelliccia, Stefano Caselli, Sanjay Sharma, Cristina Basso, Jeroen J Bax, Domenico Corrado, Antonello D'Andrea, Flavio D'Ascenzi, Fernando M Di Paolo, Thor Edvardsen, Sabiha Gati, Maurizio Galderisi, Hein Heidbuchel, Alain Nchimi, Koen Nieman, Michael Papadakis, Cataldo Pisicchio, Christian Schmied, Bogdan A Popescu, Gilbert Habib, Diederick Grobbee, Patrizio Lancellotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2017: European Heart Journal
Maria Carmo P Nunes, Luigi Paolo Badano, J Antonio Marin-Neto, Thor Edvardsen, Covadonga Fernández-Golfín, Chiara Bucciarelli-Ducci, Bogdan A Popescu, Richard Underwood, Gilbert Habib, Jose Luis Zamorano, Roberto Magalhães Saraiva, Ester Cerdeira Sabino, Fernando A Botoni, Márcia Melo Barbosa, Marcio Vinicius L Barros, Eduardo Falqueto, Marcus Vinicius Simões, André Schmidt, Carlos Eduardo Rochitte, Manoel Otávio Costa Rocha, Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro, Patrizio Lancellotti
Aims: To develop a document by Brazilian Cardiovascular Imaging Department (DIC) and the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) to review and summarize the most recent evidences about the non-invasive assessment of patients with Chagas disease, with the intent to set up a framework for standardized cardiovascular imaging to assess cardiovascular morphologic and functional disturbances, as well as to guide the subsequent process of clinical decision-making. Methods and results: Chagas disease remains one of the most prevalent infectious diseases in Latin America, and has become a health problem in non-endemic countries...
September 25, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Daniel R Messroghli, James C Moon, Vanessa M Ferreira, Lars Grosse-Wortmann, Taigang He, Peter Kellman, Julia Mascherbauer, Reza Nezafat, Michael Salerno, Erik B Schelbert, Andrew J Taylor, Richard Thompson, Martin Ugander, Ruud B van Heeswijk, Matthias G Friedrich
Parametric mapping techniques provide a non-invasive tool for quantifying tissue alterations in myocardial disease in those eligible for cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). Parametric mapping with CMR now permits the routine spatial visualization and quantification of changes in myocardial composition based on changes in T1, T2, and T2*(star) relaxation times and extracellular volume (ECV). These changes include specific disease pathways related to mainly intracellular disturbances of the cardiomyocyte (e...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
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